Census Profile, 2016 Census
The District of Algoma Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic The District of Algoma Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , The District of Algoma Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : The District of Algoma Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 113,084 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 114,805 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 59,746 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,654 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 41,266.67 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 113,085 55,270 57,815 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 15,870 8,155 7,715 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,260 2,685 2,580 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,320 2,790 2,525 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,295 2,680 2,615 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 70,450 34,680 35,775 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,680 3,010 2,675 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,290 3,265 3,025 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,920 2,980 2,935 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,750 2,810 2,935 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,720 2,735 2,985 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,875 2,830 3,045 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,760 3,325 3,435 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,915 4,260 4,655 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 10,225 4,890 5,335 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 9,325 4,580 4,750 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 26,765 12,440 14,325 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 8,525 4,225 4,300 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,295 3,005 3,295 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,875 2,300 2,570 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,680 1,680 2,005 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,390 1,235 2,155 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,250 910 1,345 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 900 280 625 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 215 50 165 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 20 0 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.0 14.8 13.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 62.3 62.7 61.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 23.7 22.5 24.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 49.1 47.8 50.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,655 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,690 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,595 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,975 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,160 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,615 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,705 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,365 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 390 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,655 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 16,050 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 19,885 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,020 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,325 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,375 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 111,065 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 97,220 47,115 50,100 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 56,320 28,175 28,150 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 45,755 22,895 22,855 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 10,565 5,275 5,290 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,895 18,945 21,950 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 23,190 12,750 10,445 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,285 1,560 1,725 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,515 2,890 3,620 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,900 1,745 6,160 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,610 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 20,240 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,605 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,960 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,805 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,610 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 27,710 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 22,430 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,280 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,900 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,570 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,330 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,710 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 16,385 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,325 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,110 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,540 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,675 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,900 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,855 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,490 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 555 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,260 10,065 11,200 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,655 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,565 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,975 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,590 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 520 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,565 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 16,050 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,520 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 111,740 54,790 56,945 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 97,455 48,400 49,055 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 385 175 210 1,810 820 985
English and French 13,525 6,085 7,435 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 370 125 240 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 111,735 54,790 56,945 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 104,930 51,590 53,335 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,295 3,000 3,300 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 170 90 75 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 350 115 230 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,380 3,045 3,335 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.7 5.6 5.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 111,740 54,795 56,945 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 110,390 54,170 56,220 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 101,730 49,985 51,745 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 95,050 46,830 48,215 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,685 3,155 3,530 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 8,660 4,190 4,475 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 505 220 280 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 490 215 275 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 470 210 260 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 470 210 260 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,155 3,965 4,185 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 225 185 45 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 225 180 45 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 220 175 45 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 25 10 15 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 60 15 50 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 0 0 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 10 45 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 55 30 30 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 5 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 25 15 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 6,515 3,140 3,375 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 950 430 520 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 60 25 35 1,070 485 585
Latvian 25 10 15 565 255 300
Lithuanian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Slavic languages 885 405 480 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 140 70 75 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 45 30 15 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 375 145 225 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 30 15 20 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 10 5 5 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 35 20 15 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 25 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 190 90 100 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,450 675 775 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 20 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 225 110 115 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 5 295 145 145
German 1,095 515 580 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 40 15 25 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 45 30 15 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 285 155 130 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 260 140 115 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 50 25 20 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 70 40 30 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 70 40 30 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 15 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 15 10 5 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 30 15 10 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 15 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,785 1,850 1,935 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 3,345 1,645 1,705 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 210 100 110 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 15 10 10 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 205 100 110 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 20 5 15 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 35 15 15 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 0 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 245 120 125 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 245 115 125 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 100 50 45 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 115 55 65 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 15 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 10 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 870 395 470 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 85 35 50 705 295 410
Finnish 675 310 370 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 110 50 55 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,345 620 725 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 655 295 355 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 645 300 345 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 30 15 20 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 111,735 54,790 56,945 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 110,125 54,025 56,100 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 107,545 52,850 54,695 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 105,030 51,680 53,355 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,510 1,165 1,345 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,580 1,175 1,405 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 130 65 70 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 130 65 70 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 130 65 70 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 130 60 70 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,450 1,110 1,335 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 105 80 25 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 100 80 20 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 100 80 20 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 15 5 5 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 20 5 20 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 5 20 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 15 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 15 5 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,855 810 1,045 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 195 80 115 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 190 80 110 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 35 10 20 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 95 35 55 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 15 5 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 5 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 30 15 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 400 195 205 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 10 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 370 180 190 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 15 5 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 125 60 60 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 115 60 55 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 25 15 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 35 20 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 30 15 20 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 5 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 10 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 5 0 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 15 5 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,120 465 650 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 965 385 575 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 65 30 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 0 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 85 50 35 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 20 10 5 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 25 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 70 70 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 135 70 70 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 40 15 20 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 80 45 40 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 5 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 205 85 120 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 155 70 90 725 325 400
Hungarian 35 15 20 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,615 765 840 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 390 175 215 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,195 580 610 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 5 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 111,735 54,790 56,945 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 103,010 50,810 52,205 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,290 1,055 1,235 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,210 1,375 1,830 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,175 1,525 1,650 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 515 250 260 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,660 1,275 1,380 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 5 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 10 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 45 20 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 95,230 46,370 48,860 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,165 44,950 47,215 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,719 38,544 25,489 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,205 44,950 47,255 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,267 35,029 24,008 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,385 39,730 39,650 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,703 35,080 21,848 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,865 33,370 38,500 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,204 9,803 8,852 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,075 33,145 28,940 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,915 31,971 25,136 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 95,255 46,400 48,850 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,105 44,865 47,240 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,705 48,111 33,672 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,150 44,870 47,285 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,861 40,468 29,540 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,225 39,715 39,510 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,398 45,929 30,828 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,725 33,355 38,370 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,862 10,035 9,712 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,045 33,015 29,040 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,025 43,062 32,298 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 95,250 46,400 48,850 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 25,585 13,960 11,620 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,917 63,478 45,305 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,913 67,078 51,308 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 81.3 84.7 76.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.8 65.8 58.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 18.7 15.3 23.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 95,225 46,365 48,855 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,060 1,420 1,640 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 92,165 44,945 47,215 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.9 96.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,070 4,790 7,275 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,180 6,315 10,865 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 14,720 5,990 8,730 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,120 6,175 5,950 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,305 4,705 4,595 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,700 3,685 3,015 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,860 2,850 2,010 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,095 2,610 1,480 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,180 2,175 1,010 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,775 1,760 1,015 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,175 3,910 1,265 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,100 3,090 1,005 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,080 820 260 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 95,225 46,370 48,855 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,025 1,420 1,605 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 92,205 44,950 47,255 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 96.9 96.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,490 4,865 7,625 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 17,835 6,590 11,245 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 16,920 7,085 9,835 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,830 7,200 6,625 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,950 5,300 4,655 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,870 4,095 2,775 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,140 3,415 1,725 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,055 2,615 1,445 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,110 3,785 1,330 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,205 1,610 595 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,165 875 290 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,740 1,300 440 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 95,225 46,365 48,855 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 33,145 13,225 19,920 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 62,080 33,140 28,935 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 65.2 71.5 59.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,400 7,575 4,820 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,240 2,200 3,040 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,960 3,400 4,560 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,750 2,855 3,890 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,715 2,365 3,355 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,190 2,335 2,855 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,990 2,195 1,795 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,010 1,820 1,190 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,060 2,015 1,045 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,760 6,395 2,365 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,560 1,785 775 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,355 1,520 835 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,845 3,085 755 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,650 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,387 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,908 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,050 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,439 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,632 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,605 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,098 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,647 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,665 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,004 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,407 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,045 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,882 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,894 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,615 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,750 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,552 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,655 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 590 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,030 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,465 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,105 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,470 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,675 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,715 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,600 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,375 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,175 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,395 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,875 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,740 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,235 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,265 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,625 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,655 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 625 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 840 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,035 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,570 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,440 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,665 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,085 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,970 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,020 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,595 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,830 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,060 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,495 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,940 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,030 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,390 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,400 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,245 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,515 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,536 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,899 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,665 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,442 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,865 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,475 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,009 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,535 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,565 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,001 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,002 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,505 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,238 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,862 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,575 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,736 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,153 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,500 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,657 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,939 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,565 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,451 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,842 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,195 9,135 10,060 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,877 30,187 25,050 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,416 27,826 24,062 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 19,190 9,220 9,970 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,084 38,606 33,752 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,461 33,062 29,980 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 111,065 54,505 56,560 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 60,320 28,560 31,760 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,435 5,995 6,440 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,000 5,565 7,440 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,400 5,855 6,545 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,585 5,665 5,920 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,900 5,475 5,420 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 50,750 25,950 24,805 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,350 5,160 5,185 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,675 5,415 5,260 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,290 5,815 5,475 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,045 5,735 5,310 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,400 3,830 3,570 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,845 52,910 54,935 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 18,230 9,400 8,830 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,990 3,095 2,895 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 64,710 31,730 32,980 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 24,900 11,785 13,120 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,570 7,940 9,625 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,010 2,090 1,920 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,530 790 740 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 10,420 4,800 5,620 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,140 1,050 2,090 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.3 15.0 17.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.0 22.2 21.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.5 25.5 25.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.1 15.1 17.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.6 8.9 15.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,925 3,905 4,020 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,600 840 760 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 685 365 320 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 5,900 2,920 2,980 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 430 150 275 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 7.4 7.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.8 8.9 8.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,090 54,530 56,555 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 110,725 54,425 56,300 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 110,340 54,260 56,075 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 13,850 6,215 7,635 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 11,150 5,365 5,785 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,105 480 625 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 1,080 470 610 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 65 25 40 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 15 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 25 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,020 445 570 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 1,005 445 560 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,050 4,890 5,165 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 255 200 50 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 20 10 10 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 250 195 55 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 230 185 45 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 0 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 15 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 15 0 15 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 90 10 80 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 0 75 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 15 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 60 40 20 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 30 15 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 25 15 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 8,060 3,860 4,200 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 945 410 535 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 35 15 20 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 25 10 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 915 395 520 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 135 50 80 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 105 45 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 420 175 240 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 65 15 50 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 10 10 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 35 20 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 155 65 95 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 40 20 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,595 730 865 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 15 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 30 15 15 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 215 95 120 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 10 465 230 240
German 1,310 620 690 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 30 10 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 55 15 40 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 80 45 35 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 435 250 190 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 430 245 190 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 80 40 40 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 100 55 45 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 235 140 100 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 45 10 30 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 35 10 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 35 30 10 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 10 10 0 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 15 15 0 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,095 2,475 2,620 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,320 2,090 2,220 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 290 145 150 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 15 0 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 545 250 295 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 50 30 20 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 85 40 45 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 255 110 145 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 120 55 70 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 280 150 130 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 275 145 130 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 115 65 50 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 130 60 65 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 0 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 10 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 10 0 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15 15 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 15 10 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 955 460 495 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 90 50 35 780 350 425
Finnish 745 340 405 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 120 70 50 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,085 54,530 56,555 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 109,190 53,620 55,570 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,085 9,875 9,210 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 90,110 43,745 46,360 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,895 910 985 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,085 54,530 56,555 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 101,780 50,015 51,765 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,885 4,260 4,630 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,740 3,235 3,510 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 560 250 310 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 460 210 250 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 725 370 360 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 295 160 135 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 430 205 220 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 395 195 200 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 420 255 165 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,885 4,260 4,630 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,385 675 710 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,940 1,005 940 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,565 1,155 1,415 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,675 1,285 1,385 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 325 140 180 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,885 4,260 4,630 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,550 630 915 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 15 10 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 10 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 0 20 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 50 30 25 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 25 15 15 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 45 20 20 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,215 495 725 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 155 60 90 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,355 3,135 3,220 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 80 35 45 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 50 20 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 710 340 375 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 40 20 20 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 110 65 45 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 45 20 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,325 1,165 1,160 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 175 90 90 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 220 90 130 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 210 105 105 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 20 10 10 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 20 15 10 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 20 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 25 10 15 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,475 685 790 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 810 435 380 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 90 65 25 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 10 10 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 15 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 45 30 15 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 835 390 445 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 10 0 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 50 20 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 175 65 110 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 15 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 210 120 95 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 10 0 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 45 25 20 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10 10 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 25 15 10 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 75 0 75 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 15 10 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 35 20 25 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 110 70 40 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 50 35 20 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 395 195 205 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 95 45 50 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 30 45 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 15 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 55 25 30 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation