Census Profile, 2016 Census
Durham Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Durham Regional Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Durham Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Durham Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 645,862 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 608,124 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 233,936 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 227,906 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 255.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,523.80 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 645,865 314,670 331,190 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 116,185 59,420 56,765 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 35,695 18,210 17,485 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 39,930 20,440 19,490 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 40,560 20,775 19,785 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 436,885 213,685 223,200 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 42,970 21,910 21,060 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 43,235 22,335 20,905 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 37,590 18,860 18,730 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 39,640 19,135 20,500 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 41,400 19,480 21,925 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 43,540 20,880 22,665 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 46,935 22,375 24,560 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 55,040 26,565 28,475 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 48,595 23,935 24,660 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 37,940 18,215 19,725 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 92,790 41,565 51,230 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 31,855 15,085 16,775 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 21,955 10,475 11,475 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 15,780 7,035 8,750 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 11,735 5,090 6,650 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 11,460 3,880 7,585 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,325 2,710 4,615 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,285 980 2,305 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 745 165 580 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 105 25 85 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.6 67.9 67.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.2 39.0 41.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 227,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 152,225 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,510 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 60,050 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,430 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 24,460 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,650 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,230 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 227,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 44,380 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 69,550 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 41,965 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 44,640 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,370 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 639,490 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 529,675 255,250 274,425 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 309,900 154,730 155,170 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 266,465 133,040 133,425 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 43,430 21,685 21,745 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 219,780 100,525 119,260 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 146,925 77,560 69,360 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 16,310 6,540 9,765 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 29,720 10,905 18,815 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 26,830 5,520 21,315 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 186,135 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 80,035 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 43,855 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 44,350 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,900 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 186,135 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 152,285 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 130,585 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,705 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 33,850 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 26,905 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,945 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 152,285 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 60,440 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 91,845 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 33,525 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 41,330 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 16,990 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 33,850 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 19,595 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,925 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 75,950 34,205 41,750 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 227,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 169,205 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 54,185 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 115,020 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,250 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,450 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 44,385 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,075 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 640,990 312,940 328,045 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 588,520 291,220 297,305 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 430 190 245 1,110 530 580
English and French 46,860 19,575 27,285 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 5,175 1,960 3,215 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 640,990 312,940 328,050 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 624,050 305,640 318,410 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 9,700 4,450 5,255 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,235 980 1,250 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,000 1,870 3,130 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,820 4,940 5,875 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 640,990 312,940 328,050 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 627,700 306,560 321,140 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 529,450 259,620 269,825 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 519,815 255,195 264,615 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,635 4,420 5,215 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 98,250 46,935 51,315 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,200 46,920 51,285 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,335 2,810 2,525 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 190 85 100 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 165 95 75
Somali 150 70 85 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 5,145 2,720 2,425 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 215 115 105 1,140 560 585
Arabic 4,345 2,305 2,035 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 440 240 195
Harari 70 40 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 60 40 20 1,770 960 805
Maltese 295 145 150 80 40 40
Tigrigna 75 35 40 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 970 425 545 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 910 400 515 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 7,390 3,010 4,385 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 215 80 135 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 65 25 40 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 190 75 115 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 175 70 100 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 35 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 0 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,605 2,695 3,910 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 395 170 220 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 185 85 100 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175 70 105 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 8,990 4,385 4,600 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 70 30 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 725 360 365 1,750 905 845
Tamil 7,865 3,820 4,040 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 315 160 155 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 62,740 30,400 32,340 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 220 110 110 1,090 560 530
Armenian 415 205 210 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,115 5,070 6,045 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 235 105 125 645 280 370
Latvian 150 65 85 320 145 175
Lithuanian 80 40 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 10,885 4,970 5,915 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 45 20 25 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 155 75 85 1,725 805 915
Croatian 550 285 255 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 285 125 155 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,670 805 865 250 120 135
Polish 4,370 1,925 2,445 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,195 510 685 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 570 310 265 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 70 40 30 1,145 545 600
Slovak 290 110 175 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 140 150 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,340 590 745 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 70 35 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 25 125 65 60
Welsh 25 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,935 3,130 3,805 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 120 55 65 1,435 730 705
Danish 190 85 100 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,395 1,110 1,280 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 75 35 45 80 30 50
German 3,935 1,745 2,185 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 55 25 30 835 410 430
Swedish 100 45 55 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 15 30 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 2,515 1,285 1,230 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 24,735 12,305 12,435 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 18,940 9,385 9,560 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,620 790 830 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,725 1,345 1,375 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,740 845 890 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 85 35 45 225 110 110
Marathi 135 60 75 535 280 255
Nepali 60 30 35 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,505 1,250 1,255 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 325 160 160 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 635 300 340 1,455 730 725
Urdu 9,100 4,555 4,540 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,740 2,895 2,850 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 70 40 30 1,650 875 780
Pashto 595 310 290 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 5,075 2,545 2,535 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 16,745 8,270 8,475 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 6,140 3,210 2,925 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 3,495 1,690 1,810 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,460 680 785 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 5,625 2,680 2,940 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 225 85 145 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 750 365 390 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 575 630 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 230 110 115 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 5 10 10 5
Edo 50 20 25 80 45 30
Ewe 20 5 15 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 20 10 5
Ga 25 10 15 35 15 15
Ganda 15 5 10 65 35 30
Igbo 95 50 45 160 90 65
Lingala 35 20 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 105 45 55
Shona 90 40 50 150 70 85
Swahili 175 90 85 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 205 100 100 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 85 100 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 140 65 75 620 330 295
American Sign Language 55 20 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 50 40 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,585 3,470 4,115 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 7,525 3,445 4,085 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,145 1,455 1,690 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 150 65 80 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 3,740 1,705 2,035 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 45 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 85 130 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 30 15 20 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 205 75 125 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 60 25 30 800 405 400
Thai 145 50 100 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 280 140 135 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 495 275 225
Turkish 235 120 110 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 15 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,930 905 1,030 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 200 100 95 455 195 260
Finnish 290 135 160 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,440 670 770 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 365 200 170
Multiple responses 13,295 6,385 6,910 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,860 880 985 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 10,675 5,180 5,495 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 390 170 220 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 360 160 205 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 640,990 312,940 328,050 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 615,015 300,500 314,515 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 573,035 280,470 292,560 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 569,375 278,755 290,620 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,660 1,715 1,945 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 41,975 20,025 21,950 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,970 20,020 21,950 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,105 1,155 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 40 20 25 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 2,205 1,075 1,125 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 75 35 40 535 250 290
Arabic 1,960 960 1,000 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 35 20 15 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 60 25 35 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 315 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 555 250 305 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,370 1,065 1,305 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 65 30 40 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 45 20 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 40 15 25 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,185 990 1,195 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 140 65 70 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 40 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 5,645 2,685 2,955 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 355 180 175 885 450 435
Tamil 5,100 2,415 2,685 1,935 965 965
Telugu 165 80 85 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 24,495 11,690 12,805 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 100 50 50 530 255 270
Armenian 165 85 85 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,815 1,760 2,055 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 30 15 10 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 10 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,785 1,745 2,040 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 75 40 40 925 425 495
Croatian 125 60 60 1,795 840 955
Czech 70 35 35 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 525 240 285 120 60 60
Polish 1,700 800 900 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 595 260 340 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 245 115 125 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 435 205 235
Slovak 75 35 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 60 25 35
Ukrainian 290 115 170 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 535 225 310 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 45 25 20 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 135 50 80 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 330 135 190 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 635 305 330 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 13,590 6,585 7,000 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 10,315 5,005 5,310 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 905 430 475 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,390 675 720 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 815 395 420 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 20 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 70 35 35 245 125 120
Nepali 30 10 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,275 615 660 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 95 40 55 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 110 120 595 290 305
Urdu 5,475 2,675 2,805 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,265 1,580 1,685 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 30 15 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 345 170 175 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,895 1,395 1,495 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 5,645 2,675 2,975 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,345 595 750 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,055 490 565 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 715 330 380 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 2,535 1,265 1,270 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 35 55 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 415 210 205 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 160 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 75 35 40 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 15 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 45 15 30
Shona 25 15 10 40 15 20
Swahili 40 15 25 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 20 30 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 240 140 100 830 460 370
American Sign Language 75 40 35 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 100 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,770 2,310 2,460 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,755 2,300 2,450 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,765 850 920 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 35 20 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 2,740 1,330 1,405 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 95 45 55 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 10 10 335 160 175
Thai 75 35 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 120 55 65 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 100 45 50 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 20 10 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 445 210 235 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 40 20 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 385 180 205 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 25,975 12,445 13,535 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,545 685 865 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 23,685 11,445 12,240 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 160 75 80 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 590 240 345 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 640,985 312,940 328,050 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 576,335 282,620 293,715 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 21,495 10,545 10,950 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,720 3,120 4,600 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 34,330 16,160 18,175 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 55 25 35 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 34,275 16,135 18,140 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 205 90 125 965 435 530
English and non-official language 405 195 205 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 490 220 270 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 523,485 252,970 270,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,395 240,370 257,025 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,755 45,591 31,227 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,580 240,385 257,200 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,943 40,114 28,634 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 450,935 222,790 228,150 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,606 44,922 29,097 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,685 151,980 197,705 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,840 1,631 5,014 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,990 197,505 188,480 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,704 44,472 32,281 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 523,485 252,970 270,515 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 496,955 239,905 257,050 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,018 58,216 40,434 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,145 239,930 257,215 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,280 46,704 34,288 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 450,320 222,340 227,985 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,598 58,488 38,953 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 349,105 151,155 197,945 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,090 6,365 7,644 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,990 197,260 188,725 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,217 55,920 40,165 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 523,485 252,970 270,510 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 191,215 106,015 85,195 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,089 66,395 53,793 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,517 77,133 60,038 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 78.7 72.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 523,485 252,970 270,515 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 26,085 12,600 13,485 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 497,400 240,370 257,030 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,805 31,630 42,170 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 76,745 30,085 46,660 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 59,095 23,145 35,955 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 50,110 21,995 28,115 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 49,635 23,300 26,335 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 41,455 20,875 20,580 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 32,920 17,820 15,105 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 26,455 15,180 11,280 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 21,490 12,540 8,950 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 18,150 10,320 7,830 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 47,535 33,485 14,050 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 33,825 23,040 10,785 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 13,710 10,445 3,265 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 523,485 252,970 270,515 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 25,905 12,585 13,315 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 497,585 240,385 257,195 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.0 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 75,915 32,070 43,850 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 80,275 31,630 48,645 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 68,605 27,660 40,950 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 62,700 28,490 34,215 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 58,660 29,010 29,650 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 44,305 23,890 20,415 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 33,590 19,570 14,020 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 26,270 15,220 11,050 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 47,260 32,845 14,415 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 16,970 10,660 6,310 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 9,905 6,875 3,030 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 20,385 15,310 5,075 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 523,485 252,970 270,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 137,495 55,465 82,035 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 385,985 197,505 188,480 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.1 69.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,155 28,635 27,520 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 29,245 12,570 16,670 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 45,835 20,150 25,685 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 35,690 15,580 20,110 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 34,125 14,935 19,190 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 33,755 15,360 18,395 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 30,340 15,285 15,060 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 25,360 13,740 11,620 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 21,470 12,430 9,040 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 74,010 48,825 25,190 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 18,225 10,725 7,500 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 16,125 9,120 7,010 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 39,660 28,975 10,685 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 227,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,834 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,398 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,380 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,798 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,908 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 183,525 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,544 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,658 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 227,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,886 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,370 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,062 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,943 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 183,535 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,141 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,726 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 227,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,890 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,725 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,725 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,395 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,080 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,835 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,080 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,730 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,485 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,510 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,475 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,730 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,505 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,985 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,745 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,645 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,555 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,735 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,810 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 227,905 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,085 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,755 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,795 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,275 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,130 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,950 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,880 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,925 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,105 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,460 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,250 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,695 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,395 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,305 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,220 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 76,680 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,525 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,610 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,545 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 179,625 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,043 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,198 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,480 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,910 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,774 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 92,455 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,140 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,456 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,965 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,821 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 179,515 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,898 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,401 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,118 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,282 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,490 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,831 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,085 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,945 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,308 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,643 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,295 28,515 31,780 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,521 41,938 34,351 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,628 36,742 31,241 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 60,230 28,435 31,795 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,099 51,876 42,828 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,195 42,202 36,505 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 639,490 312,285 327,215 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 255,840 120,390 135,450 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 42,090 20,055 22,030 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 46,015 20,540 25,475 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 50,080 23,230 26,850 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 56,225 26,720 29,505 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 61,435 29,845 31,590 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 383,650 191,890 191,760 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 67,650 33,300 34,345 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 74,095 36,590 37,505 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 80,915 40,450 40,465 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 87,405 43,985 43,425 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 73,590 37,565 36,020 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 639,365 312,205 327,160 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 141,345 72,110 69,230 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 43,285 22,090 21,190 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 409,770 199,825 209,945 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 88,250 40,270 47,980 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,035 28,460 33,570 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 18,740 9,525 9,215 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,930 3,025 2,915 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 36,025 16,450 19,580 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,265 2,485 4,780 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.1 10.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.2 9.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 8.2 6.2 10.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,060 18,315 19,750 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 10,665 5,425 5,240 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,330 1,710 1,620 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 25,025 12,010 13,010 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,375 880 1,495 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 5.9 6.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.7 7.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.2 3.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 639,495 312,280 327,210 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 634,250 310,160 324,095 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 633,870 309,970 323,895 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 47,090 19,800 27,280 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 127,260 61,085 66,175 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 125 40 85 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 20 70 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 10 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 15 40 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 20 40 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 25 20 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 15 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 127,135 61,035 66,095 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,800 3,510 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 315 150 160 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 35 25 10 190 110 80
Somali 280 130 155 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,985 3,650 3,330 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 275 145 135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 5,925 3,135 2,790 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 25 30 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 545 270 275
Harari 125 60 60 55 35 20
Hebrew 300 160 135 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 360 170 195 165 90 80
Tigrigna 60 15 45 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 40 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 510 710 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 60 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,125 460 660 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 9,540 3,930 5,610 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 55 25 30 495 205 285
Cebuano 440 190 250 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 90 35 55 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 355 140 220 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 355 160 195 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 55 75 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,865 3,625 5,240 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 1,380 630 745 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 75 35 40 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 595 280 315 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 720 325 395 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 11,655 5,790 5,865 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 165 95 65 445 210 235
Malayalam 895 440 460 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 10,380 5,175 5,205 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 480 245 240 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 82,730 40,295 42,440 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 230 125 100 1,135 580 555
Armenian 490 230 260 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 13,270 6,235 7,035 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 225 95 135 635 310 325
Latvian 155 75 80 310 175 140
Lithuanian 70 20 50 325 135 185
Slavic languages 13,065 6,140 6,925 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 15 15 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 80 45 35 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 225 125 100 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 870 445 420 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 440 230 215 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 2,290 1,110 1,180 345 180 160
Polish 4,890 2,190 2,705 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,845 775 1,070 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 920 485 445 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 85 45 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 315 140 175 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 160 205 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,835 860 980 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 55 35 250 120 125
Celtic languages 190 100 90 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 95 60 40 350 225 120
Welsh 30 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 685 370 320
Germanic languages 9,165 4,220 4,945 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 375 155 220 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 255 95 160 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,740 1,295 1,445 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 100 50 50 120 55 65
German 5,605 2,625 2,980 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 25 10 25 215 110 100
Norwegian 105 45 60 1,405 730 680
Swedish 185 75 115 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 10 20 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 3,835 1,890 1,940 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 33,255 16,530 16,725 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 26,840 13,375 13,465 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,075 985 1,090 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 4,035 2,005 2,035 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 7,580 3,815 3,760 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 45 25 20 45 25 20
Konkani 265 135 135 375 185 190
Marathi 265 140 120 1,275 650 625
Nepali 60 30 30 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,185 2,615 2,565 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 610 275 335 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,360 665 690 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 13,240 6,735 6,505 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 7,040 3,460 3,580 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 105 70 40 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 870 440 425 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 6,395 3,145 3,250 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 55 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 24,020 11,835 12,185 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 8,885 4,575 4,305 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 4,255 2,050 2,205 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,805 845 960 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 9,785 4,735 5,050 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 220 130 85
Japanese 515 195 320 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 895 435 460 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,405 1,190 1,220 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 395 195 200 495 280 215
Bamanankan 25 10 15 20 10 10
Edo 65 30 40 115 65 55
Ewe 45 20 25 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 25 45 10 35
Ga 45 15 30 95 60 35
Ganda 25 10 15 105 60 45
Igbo 115 65 45 240 140 95
Lingala 315 165 155 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 15 35 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 45 45 210 95 115
Shona 130 55 75 265 125 140
Swahili 465 245 215 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 20 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 440 205 240 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 490 260 230 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,075 395 680 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 640 200 440 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 190 250 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,830 4,140 4,695 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,725 4,100 4,630 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,965 1,790 2,175 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 115 60 60 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 4,985 2,370 2,615 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 155 135 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 55 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 125 150 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 50 65 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 30 10 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 70 25 40 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 250 150 95 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 105 55 45 1,125 505 620
Thai 160 100 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 390 190 200 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 40 10 35 835 455 385
Turkish 325 170 160 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,110 1,015 1,090 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 185 85 105 495 205 295
Finnish 265 140 130 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,655 795 860 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 639,495 312,285 327,210 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 614,080 300,175 313,905 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 138,935 71,155 67,785 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 475,140 229,025 246,120 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,415 12,105 13,305 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 639,495 312,285 327,215 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 485,565 239,245 246,320 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 150,885 71,355 79,530 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 55,475 26,180 29,290 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 22,725 10,805 11,925 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 31,085 14,690 16,400 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 31,275 14,810 16,470 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 17,420 8,265 9,155 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 13,855 6,540 7,310 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,320 4,870 5,450 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,050 1,680 1,365 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 150,885 71,355 79,530 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 16,915 8,555 8,365 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 31,550 15,705 15,845 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 37,000 16,125 20,875 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 55,445 26,815 28,635 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 9,965 4,150 5,810 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 150,885 71,350 79,530 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 40,065 18,085 21,980 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 445 165 280 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 640 315 325 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 515 275 235 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 8,095 3,645 4,455 920 415 500
Haiti 250 110 135 265 110 160
Jamaica 12,580 5,470 7,115 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 550 210 335 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 415 180 230 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 5,990 2,835 3,155 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,815 2,235 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,545 3,055 3,490 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 47,350 22,690 24,660 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 290 165 125 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 585 300 285 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 375 200 170 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,090 1,520 1,570 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,565 790 780 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 890 455 440 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,015 460 555 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,860 2,085 1,770 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,240 1,105 1,135 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,150 1,355 1,790 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,085 1,000 1,085 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,590 730 855 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 645 250 390 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 495 255 240 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 700 300 395 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,380 9,600 10,780 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,385 2,110 2,275 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 8,055 4,035 4,015 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 35 10 25 430 270 150
Egypt 1,155 605 550 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 360 180 180 1,665 835 825
Kenya 590 285 305 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 145 85 60 730 385 340
Nigeria 960 485 480 1,205 630 575
Somalia 175 85 95 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 960 495 465 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,670 1,805 1,865 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 54,820 26,225 28,595 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 3,405 1,680 1,725 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,385 665 715 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,235 1,885 2,345 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,295 590 715 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 10,070 4,985 5,085 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,055 560 495 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 545 290 260 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 160 30 135 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 750 385 375 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,040 585 460 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 8,025 4,115 3,910 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,355 3,900 5,455 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 7,860 3,795 4,065 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 255 135 120 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 290 120 165 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 955 405 555 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 4,125 2,105 2,020 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 595 320 275 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,320 4,870 5,445 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,200 1,130 1,070 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 85 30 50 960 445 520
Colombia 90 55 35 465 220 240
Cuba 45 30 15 70 35 30
Haiti 55 25 30 15 0 10
Jamaica 590 350 240 160 115 45
Mexico 110 45 65 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 450 215 240 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 755 370 385 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,075 520 550 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 30 15 15 790 415 370
Germany 35 15 20 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 25 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 200 110 90