Census Profile, 2016 Census
Grey Bruce Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Grey Bruce Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Grey Bruce Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Grey Bruce Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 161,977 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 158,670 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 88,743 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 68,429 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 18.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,603.70 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 161,975 79,725 82,255 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 24,655 12,535 12,120 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 8,310 4,225 4,080 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,305 4,205 4,100 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,045 4,100 3,945 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 98,620 48,910 49,705 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,580 4,460 4,125 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,260 4,230 4,030 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,030 4,080 3,955 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,435 4,240 4,190 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,035 4,025 4,010 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,860 3,920 3,940 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,110 4,410 4,700 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 12,455 6,035 6,420 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 13,930 6,730 7,200 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 13,920 6,775 7,140 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 38,705 18,280 20,425 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 12,945 6,410 6,535 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 9,385 4,675 4,710 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,630 3,220 3,410 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,915 2,215 2,700 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 4,830 1,760 3,070 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,090 1,235 1,855 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,385 440 940 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 300 70 225 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 60 10 50 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 15.7 14.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 60.9 61.3 60.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 23.9 22.9 24.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 45.1 44.3 46.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 49.0 47.8 50.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 68,430 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 54,850 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 930 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,935 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,430 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,860 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 900 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,495 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 260 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 710 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 68,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 19,065 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 28,300 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,795 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,695 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,580 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 158,450 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 137,325 67,190 70,135 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 87,055 43,490 43,565 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 73,470 36,720 36,745 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 13,590 6,775 6,815 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 50,265 23,700 26,570 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 28,790 16,215 12,575 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,790 1,775 2,015 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,790 3,470 4,315 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 9,900 2,235 7,665 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 48,600 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 28,935 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,485 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,335 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,840 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 48,595 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 42,770 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 35,980 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,795 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,825 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,470 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,350 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 42,775 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 25,335 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,440 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,875 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,875 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,690 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,825 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,605 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,610 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 610 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,500 11,725 12,780 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 68,430 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 47,115 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,695 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,415 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 735 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 20,580 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 19,065 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,515 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 159,750 78,955 80,800 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 150,105 74,850 75,250 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 30 10 20 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,740 3,685 5,055 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 875 405 470 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 159,750 78,955 80,795 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 157,455 77,890 79,565 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,325 615 710 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 120 60 60 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 850 390 460 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,385 645 740 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 159,750 78,955 80,795 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 158,850 78,520 80,330 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 147,560 73,000 74,565 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 146,120 72,330 73,795 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,440 670 770 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 11,285 5,520 5,765 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 230 100 125 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 220 100 115 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 210 100 110 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 215 100 115 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 5 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,055 5,415 5,640 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 155 85 70 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 150 85 70 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 120 65 55 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 30 15 15 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 215 60 155 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 0 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 5 0 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 0 5 0 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 190 55 130 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 0 0 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 80 40 40 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 40 20 25 1,750 905 845
Tamil 30 15 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 0 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 9,710 4,830 4,880 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 10 5 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 5 5 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,090 520 570 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 65 25 40 645 280 370
Latvian 35 20 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 10 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,030 485 535 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 5 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 10 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 100 55 45 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 125 65 60 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 20 10 10 250 120 135
Polish 350 165 180 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 130 50 75 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 65 30 30 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 50 20 30 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 125 50 70 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,995 3,460 3,540 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 80 50 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,515 770 750 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 20 10 10 80 30 50
German 5,295 2,590 2,700 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 10 10 835 410 430
Swedish 25 10 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 100 55 45 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 565 295 270 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 495 260 240 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 35 20 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 110 55 55 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 65 30 35 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 5 5 535 280 255
Nepali 10 0 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 55 55 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 10 5 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 145 85 65 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 70 40 35 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 920 490 435 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 335 205 135 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 245 135 115 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 85 40 40 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 260 110 150 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 40 15 25 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 160 60 100 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 15 0 10 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 10 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 270 125 145 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 270 125 145 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 105 50 50 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 115 50 65 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 0 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 15 10 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 330 160 170 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 15 20 455 195 260
Finnish 85 40 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 200 100 105 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 900 430 470 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 255 110 140 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 615 310 305 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 5 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 159,750 78,950 80,795 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 158,305 78,260 80,045 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 153,155 75,725 77,435 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 152,835 75,575 77,260 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 325 150 175 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 5,145 2,540 2,605 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 60 25 40 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 60 25 35 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 25 35 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 25 30 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,085 2,510 2,570 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 55 45 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 90 50 40 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 80 45 35 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 5 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 10 10 5 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 55 20 30 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 30 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 45 15 20 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 25 10 15 885 450 435
Tamil 10 5 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,505 2,240 2,265 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 5 5 5 530 255 270
Armenian 0 5 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 300 150 150 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 295 150 150 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 0 925 425 495
Croatian 40 20 15 1,795 840 955
Czech 30 15 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 100 50 50 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 70 30 35 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 25 5 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 0 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 5 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,675 1,825 1,850 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 375 180 190 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 3,275 1,625 1,650 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 30 15 10 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 270 135 135 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 240 120 120 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 15 10 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 70 35 35 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 15 5 10 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 5 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 15 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 85 50 35 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 25 10 15 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 20 5 10 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 220 110 110 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 50 25 20 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 70 40 35 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 30 15 15 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 75 30 40 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 115 50 70 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 20 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 0 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 155 75 80 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 150 75 80 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 60 30 25 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 65 30 35 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 55 20 35 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 40 15 25 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,450 695 755 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 110 50 60 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,310 630 685 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 5 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 159,750 78,950 80,795 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 153,655 76,140 77,515 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,805 890 915 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,315 530 780 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,875 1,345 1,530 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 185 85 95 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,695 1,255 1,435 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 10 10 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 15 5 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 75 35 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 133,865 65,905 67,965 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,010 64,230 65,780 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,204 39,923 26,553 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,090 64,230 65,855 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,405 35,808 24,630 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 117,975 59,270 58,710 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,938 37,063 22,118 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,040 44,815 51,225 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,239 8,240 8,238 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,220 48,950 43,265 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,839 32,984 23,540 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 133,865 65,905 67,965 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 129,965 64,205 65,765 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,147 55,005 35,522 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,040 64,210 65,830 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,577 44,767 30,565 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 117,955 59,365 58,590 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,535 52,958 31,975 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,860 44,785 51,070 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,869 8,658 9,054 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,220 48,910 43,315 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,231 47,573 31,941 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 133,870 65,900 67,965 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 43,055 25,155 17,900 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,506 52,876 42,668 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,323 67,586 50,117 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 89.0 80.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.6 66.8 58.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 11.0 19.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 133,865 65,905 67,965 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,860 1,675 2,185 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 130,010 64,230 65,780 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 97.1 97.5 96.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,985 6,950 10,035 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 24,200 9,565 14,630 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 20,055 8,435 11,625 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 15,845 7,220 8,620 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 13,340 6,815 6,530 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 9,870 5,560 4,310 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 7,180 4,385 2,795 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,155 3,225 1,930 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,680 2,290 1,395 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,120 1,800 1,320 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 10,575 7,990 2,585 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,755 4,875 1,885 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,820 3,115 700 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 133,865 65,900 67,965 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,775 1,670 2,110 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 130,090 64,230 65,855 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.5 96.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,930 7,115 10,820 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 25,155 9,975 15,175 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 23,085 9,900 13,185 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 18,485 8,945 9,535 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 14,300 7,750 6,555 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 9,575 5,765 3,815 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,050 3,825 2,220 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,625 2,780 1,850 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 10,885 8,185 2,705 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,130 2,055 1,075 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,160 1,625 535 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,595 4,505 1,095 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 133,870 65,900 67,965 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 41,650 16,950 24,700 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 92,220 48,950 43,265 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.9 74.3 63.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 17,295 9,345 7,950 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 8,180 3,465 4,715 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 12,415 5,600 6,820 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 10,455 4,595 5,860 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 9,690 4,530 5,160 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,130 4,215 3,910 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,105 3,660 2,445 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,315 2,695 1,615 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,930 1,870 1,060 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,710 8,980 3,730 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,415 1,440 970 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,375 1,275 1,100 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,925 6,265 1,660 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 68,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,160 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,917 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 19,070 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,854 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,168 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 49,360 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,547 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,156 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 68,430 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,745 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,412 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 19,035 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,674 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,623 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 49,395 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,802 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,047 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 68,430 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 825 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 835 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,910 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,785 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,390 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,825 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,435 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,280 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,165 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,850 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,710 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,180 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,745 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,080 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,575 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,845 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,500 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,520 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,870 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,960 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,430 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 925 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,950 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,885 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,740 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,245 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,790 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,725 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,665 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,465 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,665 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,900 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,225 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,340 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,510 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,535 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,320 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,555 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,655 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 48,280 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,722 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,226 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 24,290 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,541 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,247 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,625 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,810 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,504 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,440 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,508 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,446 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 48,275 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,027 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,157 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 24,340 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,836 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,830 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,675 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,990 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,618 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,410 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,708 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,225 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,300 10,740 11,560 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,348 33,220 28,382 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,913 30,074 26,549 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,270 10,740 11,530 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,457 50,770 38,575 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,985 40,992 33,251 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 158,455 78,400 80,055 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 81,560 39,210 42,350 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,635 7,160 7,480 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 17,620 7,960 9,655 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 17,310 8,210 9,100 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 16,145 7,920 8,225 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 15,850 7,955 7,900 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 76,890 39,185 37,705 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 15,545 7,810 7,735 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 15,600 7,925 7,680 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 15,305 7,785 7,520 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 15,755 7,980 7,775 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 14,690 7,690 6,995 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 156,800 77,595 79,205 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 29,135 14,910 14,225 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,820 4,995 4,825 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 91,810 45,325 46,480 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 35,850 17,355 18,500 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,840 10,640 12,200 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,585 2,785 2,795 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,190 1,075 1,110 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 12,745 6,050 6,695 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,515 1,805 2,710 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.7 15.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.2 18.7 19.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 21.5 23.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.3 14.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.6 10.4 14.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,615 3,840 3,775 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,655 830 820 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 675 340 335 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 5,435 2,790 2,645 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 525 220 310 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.9 4.9 4.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.7 5.6 5.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.8 6.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 6.2 5.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.3 1.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 158,455 78,395 80,060 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 157,550 78,020 79,525 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 157,500 77,995 79,505 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,725 3,600 5,125 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 14,070 6,760 7,310 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 410 175 235 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 385 170 215 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 370 165 210 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 370 165 210 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 15 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,660 6,580 7,080 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 330 185 150 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 320 170 150 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 220 120 100 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 70 35 35 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 15 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 40 20 20 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 220 65 160 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 15 0 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 30 20 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 40 145 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 35 20 20 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 90 45 45 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 75 40 35 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 45 20 25 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 11,830 5,770 6,060 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 50 20 25 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 10 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,115 515 600 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 80 35 40 635 310 325
Latvian 60 35 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,045 475 570 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 15 0 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 15 0 15 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 135 65 70 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 135 70 65 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 35 15 25 345 180 160
Polish 315 130 185 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 165 90 75 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 80 55 25 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 60 20 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 140 65 75 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 60 20 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 20 350 225 120
Welsh 20 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 8,020 3,935 4,080 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 35 20 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 70 35 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,155 1,040 1,115 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 15 10 120 55 65
German 6,335 3,120 3,215 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 10 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 50 25 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 210 105 100 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 725 360 360 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 640 330 315 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 65 30 30 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 220 110 105 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 305 170 135 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 15 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 75 75 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 15 10 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 175 100 75 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 90 40 50 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 10 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 80 25 55 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,910 930 980 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 485 275 210 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 330 165 160 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 55 30 25 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,115 490 625 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 55 15 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 175 75 105 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 70 50 20 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 35 25 15 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 230 105 130 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 70 30 40 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 410 185 225 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 410 190 220 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 180 90 95 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 230 100 130 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 20 0 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 15 10 10 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 325 155 175 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 65 40 30 495 205 295
Finnish 100 50 55 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 165 70 95 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 158,450 78,400 80,055 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 156,015 77,290 78,720 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 29,465 15,075 14,390 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 126,550 62,220 64,330 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,440 1,105 1,335 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 158,455 78,395 80,055 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 145,735 72,215 73,520 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 12,495 6,075 6,420 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,940 3,985 3,955 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,160 505 655 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,245 585 665 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,485 715 770 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 850 405 445 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 635 315 325 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 660 285 375 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 225 105 115 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 12,490 6,075 6,420 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,880 905 970 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,825 1,485 1,340 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,170 1,445 1,730 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 4,085 1,985 2,090 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 535 255 280 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,490 6,075 6,415 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,770 795 970 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 15 0 15 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 10 0 0 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 10 10 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 65 45 20 920 415 500
Haiti 10 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 90 60 30 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 190 115 80 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 15 10 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 70 40 30 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,080 425 655 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 205 90 120 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,820 4,405 4,410 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 20 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 130 50 80 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 75 25 50 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,255 645 615 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 85 50 35 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 65 45 20 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 155 75 85 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 230 150 75 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,085 600 485 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 245 100 145 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 175 95 80 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 95 35 60 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 45 20 25 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 40 25 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 55 25 30 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,175 2,020 2,155 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 855 410 445 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 250 150 100 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 15 10 10 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 15 15 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 15 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 40 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 125 65 60 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,565 675 885 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 25 10 15 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 205 80 120 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 30 20 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 450 225 225 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 60 20 35 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 25 10 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 15 10 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 145 60 85 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 15 10 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 105 55 60 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 200 55 150 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 70 40 30 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 50 20 25 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 130 60 70 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 45 45 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 660 285 375 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 145 60 80 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 40 70 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 225 120 105 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 20 10 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 15 10 10