Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halton Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halton Regional Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Halton Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Halton Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 548,430 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 501,669 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 198,162 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 192,975 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 568.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 964.04 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 548,430 266,350 282,080 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 107,215 54,955 52,260 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 30,600 15,665 14,935 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 37,975 19,420 18,550 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 38,645 19,865 18,775 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 359,405 175,200 184,205 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 36,440 18,620 17,820 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 31,910 16,620 15,290 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 26,185 13,025 13,160 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 30,420 14,000 16,420 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 37,935 17,475 20,455 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 43,580 20,915 22,660 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 44,370 21,640 22,725 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 43,045 21,150 21,895 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 36,820 18,125 18,695 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 28,700 13,635 15,070 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 81,810 36,190 45,615 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 25,465 11,735 13,730 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 19,665 9,125 10,545 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 14,640 6,655 7,985 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 10,795 4,630 6,165 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 11,240 4,050 7,195 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,105 2,820 4,290 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,305 1,045 2,265 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 725 175 550 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 100 15 85 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.5 20.6 18.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.8 65.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.9 13.6 16.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.4 38.4 40.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.5 39.6 41.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 192,975 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 112,875 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,895 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 58,130 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,140 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 33,820 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,565 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,395 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 210 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 75 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 192,975 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 37,660 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 57,965 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 34,005 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 41,485 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,860 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 540,975 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 441,215 211,395 229,820 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 276,825 138,070 138,755 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 249,100 124,255 124,850 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 27,720 13,820 13,905 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 164,395 73,325 91,070 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 109,310 57,425 51,885 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 11,205 4,435 6,775 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 21,825 7,140 14,685 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 22,050 4,320 17,725 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 156,535 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 63,335 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 35,150 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 42,205 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,850 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 156,535 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 135,605 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 121,755 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 13,845 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,925 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 16,650 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,280 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,605 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 51,365 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 84,245 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 28,320 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 40,485 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 15,445 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,930 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 11,970 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,835 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,120 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 56,970 23,225 33,745 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 192,975 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 146,460 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,175 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,285 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,890 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 41,620 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 37,660 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 544,015 264,660 279,355 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 484,060 239,545 244,515 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 380 160 220 1,810 820 985
English and French 52,660 22,295 30,365 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 6,920 2,660 4,260 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 544,015 264,660 279,360 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 524,050 256,180 267,865 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,145 4,040 5,110 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 4,040 1,845 2,190 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 6,785 2,590 4,190 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,170 4,960 6,210 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 544,015 264,660 279,360 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 528,780 257,240 271,535 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 394,085 193,355 200,725 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 385,160 189,415 195,745 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 8,925 3,945 4,980 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 134,695 63,885 70,810 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,675 63,880 70,800 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,005 5,565 5,445 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 15 15 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 120 50 70 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 5 15 205 115 95
Somali 100 45 50 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 10,845 5,490 5,360 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 70 35 35 1,370 670 700
Arabic 9,875 5,040 4,835 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 130 150 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 50 70 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 100 60 40 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 285 120 165 215 100 115
Tigrigna 50 25 20 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,380 595 780 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,335 580 755 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 6,120 2,370 3,750 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 215 80 130 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 55 25 30 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 195 85 115 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 280 115 165 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 40 55 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,200 1,980 3,215 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 165 90 80 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 105 55 50 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,490 1,235 1,255 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 115 60 55 280 150 135
Malayalam 580 280 295 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 1,370 675 695 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 410 210 205 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 90,635 43,445 47,185 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 635 310 325 1,465 765 705
Armenian 300 145 150 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 24,885 11,495 13,385 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 545 230 320 1,070 485 585
Latvian 190 80 110 565 255 300
Lithuanian 355 150 205 505 225 280
Slavic languages 24,340 11,270 13,065 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 10 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 265 125 140 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 530 260 265 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 4,035 1,990 2,045 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 615 270 350 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 700 335 365 325 160 165
Polish 8,785 3,990 4,795 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 3,485 1,540 1,945 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,695 1,295 1,400 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 275 125 145 1,395 670 725
Slovak 700 325 380 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 380 170 215 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,815 815 1,000 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 65 35 35 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 240 130 110
Welsh 35 20 20 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,480 3,390 4,090 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 340 155 185 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 305 145 165 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,250 1,065 1,190 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 30 15 15 295 145 145
German 4,230 1,875 2,360 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 20 15 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 70 30 40 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 145 65 80 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 20 40 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 15 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,425 710 715 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 29,125 14,420 14,700 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 25,490 12,630 12,860 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 850 435 420 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,035 985 1,050 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,680 1,310 1,370 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 50 20 30 65 35 25
Konkani 135 65 70 255 130 125
Marathi 210 100 110 620 325 295
Nepali 120 50 65 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,585 3,265 3,320 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 275 140 130 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 480 230 245 1,675 845 830
Urdu 12,035 6,010 6,020 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 3,505 1,720 1,780 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 90 45 40 1,765 945 825
Pashto 580 275 305 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 2,835 1,395 1,430 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 70 60 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 26,725 12,940 13,780 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 7,065 3,645 3,420 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 7,340 3,585 3,760 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,200 1,035 1,165 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 10,095 4,670 5,425 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 405 130 275 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 3,505 1,610 1,890 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 795 365 430 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 220 90 130 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 5 10 85 50 35
Ewe 15 5 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 20 10 10 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 55 25 30 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 65 30 30 215 100 115
Swahili 75 35 40 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 165 85 80 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 240 115 125
Sign languages 195 100 95 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 135 70 70 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,680 6,800 7,875 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 14,590 6,760 7,830 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 3,365 1,530 1,830 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 85 35 50 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 10,335 4,810 5,525 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 315 145 170 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 95 100 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 140 150 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 85 40 45 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 35 20 20 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 30 15 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 215 80 140 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 70 30 45 1,100 550 550
Thai 145 50 100 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,045 530 510 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 530 290 235
Turkish 950 485 470 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 30 15 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,950 915 1,040 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 160 85 80 705 295 410
Finnish 250 105 145 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,540 730 810 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 500 280 225
Multiple responses 15,235 7,420 7,820 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,595 735 860 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 12,695 6,250 6,445 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 425 195 235 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 525 240 290 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 544,020 264,660 279,360 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 512,385 249,415 262,970 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 451,565 220,375 231,185 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 448,010 218,720 229,295 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,555 1,660 1,895 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 60,815 29,035 31,780 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,815 29,030 31,780 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,170 2,515 2,655 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 40 15 30 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5,120 2,500 2,620 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 25 10 15 600 275 320
Arabic 4,745 2,325 2,420 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 50 65 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 25 35 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 40 20 20 900 465 440
Maltese 50 25 25 15 5 10
Tigrigna 20 5 10 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 665 295 365 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 660 295 360 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,350 1,025 1,325 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 70 30 40 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 60 30 35 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 90 45 50 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,060 895 1,170 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 65 30 35 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 20 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,175 565 615 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 35 15 20 110 55 60
Malayalam 235 115 120 1,225 615 605
Tamil 690 325 365 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 210 100 110 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 37,555 18,005 19,550 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 225 120 105 695 335 360
Armenian 120 50 65 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 10,245 4,905 5,335 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 135 65 70 210 90 115
Latvian 35 15 20 80 30 50
Lithuanian 100 50 50 125 60 65
Slavic languages 10,105 4,840 5,265 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 5 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 120 60 60 595 300 300
Bulgarian 290 150 140 1,035 485 550
Croatian 1,280 605 680 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 165 80 80 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 285 130 150 150 75 75
Polish 3,675 1,755 1,920 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 2,190 1,035 1,155 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,230 605 630 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 55 500 235 265
Slovak 235 120 120 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 465 220 245 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 15 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 895 425 475 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 130 55 75 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 175 80 90 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 5 0 10 5 5
German 515 240 270 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 40 25 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 310 145 170 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 15,205 7,355 7,850 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 13,180 6,405 6,775 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 475 235 240 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 960 440 520 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 1,100 530 575 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 5 10 5 5
Konkani 30 15 15 40 25 25
Marathi 80 40 40 270 140 130
Nepali 65 30 35 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,565 1,740 1,825 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 105 50 55 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 100 675 330 340
Urdu 6,595 3,230 3,365 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,975 920 1,050 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 50 25 25 1,080 540 535
Pashto 345 165 180 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,580 730 845 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 10,540 4,995 5,545 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 1,150 495 650 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,440 1,160 1,275 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 990 460 530 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,955 2,870 3,085 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 125 60 70 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 2,345 1,100 1,245 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 145 55 90 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 60 15 45 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 20 10 10 65 25 40
Swahili 15 10 5 200 90 115
Wolof 5 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 25 5 15 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 285 140 150 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 185 90 100 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 50 50 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,820 4,700 5,120 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 9,780 4,680 5,100 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,630 785 845 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 7,725 3,685 4,035 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 110 50 55 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 65 65 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 90 90 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15 20 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 5 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 10 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 90 45 50 1,380 595 785
Lao 25 10 15 460 225 235
Thai 70 30 35 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 530 270 260 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 500 250 245 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 10 10 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 480 230 245 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 10 95 40 55
Finnish 45 25 20 725 325 400
Hungarian 410 200 215 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 31,640 15,245 16,390 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,250 575 680 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 29,460 14,265 15,200 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 115 45 70 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 810 370 445 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 544,015 264,660 279,360 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 457,955 224,140 233,815 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 32,050 15,690 16,355 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,745 2,850 3,895 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 45,645 21,240 24,405 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 45,630 21,235 24,400 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 345 160 195 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 570 280 290 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 695 305 390 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 433,840 208,570 225,270 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,990 199,620 215,370 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,577 52,980 35,067 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 415,100 199,640 215,460 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,779 45,756 31,629 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,030 190,220 197,815 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,212 52,274 32,748 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 278,815 118,770 160,045 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,716 899 3,878 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 327,610 167,270 160,335 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,556 52,445 35,370 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 433,845 208,570 225,270 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,130 199,760 215,370 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,762 82,349 48,449 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,265 199,800 215,465 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,228 61,595 39,687 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,265 190,275 197,985 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,579 82,799 47,069 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 278,800 119,040 159,755 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,495 5,841 6,982 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 327,610 166,980 160,630 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,534 79,267 47,179 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 433,845 208,570 225,270 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 167,465 94,255 73,210 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,481 76,851 59,762 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 90,417 106,100 70,227 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 80.4 72.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 433,845 208,570 225,270 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 18,845 8,950 9,900 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 414,995 199,625 215,375 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.7 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,620 24,840 35,785 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 55,385 21,525 33,855 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 44,190 17,485 26,705 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 37,575 15,700 21,875 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 35,950 15,705 20,245 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 31,205 14,575 16,630 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 26,850 13,480 13,365 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 22,000 11,810 10,195 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 19,210 10,450 8,760 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 17,375 9,305 8,075 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 64,625 44,735 19,880 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 37,770 24,690 13,080 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 26,855 20,050 6,800 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 433,840 208,570 225,270 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 18,740 8,925 9,810 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 415,105 199,645 215,460 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,650 25,335 37,315 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 58,030 22,625 35,400 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 51,210 20,495 30,710 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 45,955 19,645 26,310 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 43,660 20,090 23,570 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 35,840 18,120 17,720 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 28,645 15,580 13,065 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 24,875 13,680 11,195 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 64,245 44,070 20,175 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 17,515 10,640 6,885 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 11,165 7,390 3,775 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 35,560 26,035 9,520 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 433,840 208,570 225,270 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 106,235 41,295 64,940 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 327,605 167,275 160,330 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 75.5 80.2 71.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 43,435 21,150 22,285 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 24,765 10,705 14,060 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 35,860 15,540 20,320 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 27,595 11,840 15,755 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 25,355 10,680 14,670 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 25,075 10,955 14,120 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 23,105 10,905 12,200 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 20,500 10,500 10,005 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 17,430 9,500 7,930 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 84,495 55,495 29,000 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 15,955 8,800 7,145 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 15,100 8,045 7,060 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 53,445 38,650 14,795 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 192,975 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,010 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,184 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 37,660 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,351 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,688 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 155,315 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,409 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,205 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 192,975 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 139,315 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,085 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 37,725 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 67,110 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,741 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 155,255 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 156,858 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,532 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 192,975 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,100 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,240 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,260 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,365 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,480 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,295 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,830 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,265 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,425 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,310 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,225 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,235 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,900 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,765 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,695 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,580 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,360 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,035 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 25,615 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 31,575 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 192,975 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,350 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,345 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,535 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,035 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,890 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,745 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,365 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,695 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,835 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,025 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,775 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,875 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,410 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,385 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 80,405 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,580 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,595 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,225 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 152,755 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,371 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,087 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 46,120 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,760 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,501 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 84,430 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,502 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,554 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,255 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,683 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,262 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 152,665 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 156,969 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,480 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 46,385 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,751 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,279 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 84,330 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,977 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,355 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,105 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,060 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,296 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 47,400 19,920 27,480 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,669 48,387 40,822 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,292 41,747 36,168 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 47,480 19,965 27,515 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,514 72,452 53,575 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,694 54,946 44,156 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 540,975 263,485 277,485 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 175,885 82,040 93,850 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 30,550 14,465 16,085 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 30,460 13,485 16,975 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 34,080 15,475 18,605 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 37,605 17,850 19,755 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 43,190 20,765 22,425 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 365,085 181,445 183,635 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 49,610 24,160 25,445 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 56,620 27,720 28,895 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 66,755 33,065 33,685 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 82,425 41,170 41,255 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 109,685 55,330 54,355 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 540,975 263,490 277,485 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 129,300 66,175 63,130 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 37,610 19,280 18,330 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 335,190 162,670 172,520 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 76,480 34,645 41,835 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 44,485 20,345 24,135 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 13,525 6,935 6,595 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 3,460 1,745 1,715 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 25,390 11,510 13,880 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,570 1,900 3,665 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.2 7.7 8.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 9.1 9.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.1 8.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 7.3 5.5 8.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,140 15,010 17,135 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 9,225 4,725 4,500 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,150 1,130 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 19,885 9,255 10,625 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 3,030 1,025 2,005 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.1 7.1 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.0 4.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 540,975 263,490 277,485 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 534,105 260,835 273,270 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 533,690 260,660 273,025 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 52,710 22,060 30,650 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 171,550 81,390 90,160 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 35 10 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 35 15 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 35 10 25 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 171,515 81,375 90,140 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,255 7,790 7,465 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 40 15 25 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 120 50 65 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 20 10 10 245 140 110
Somali 95 40 50 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 15,105 7,725 7,380 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 105 50 55 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 13,680 7,050 6,635 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 335 150 180 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 225 115 105 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 590 295 290 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 420 210 210 315 155 155
Tigrigna 50 30 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,665 725 940 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 40 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,600 695 910 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 7,695 3,000 4,700 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 10 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 315 120 195 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 20 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 55 25 35 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 250 95 155 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 370 160 205 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 855 365 495
Pangasinan 15 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,180 2,785 4,390 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 605 250 345 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 35 10 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 340 140 205 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 225 95 125 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 3,790 1,920 1,865 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 275 140 135 510 250 265
Malayalam 995 485 505 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 2,140 1,110 1,030 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 620 305 310 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 118,255 56,580 61,675 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 775 400 370 1,640 840 795
Armenian 350 195 155 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 29,145 13,730 15,410 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 665 275 395 1,030 515 520
Latvian 210 95 110 555 290 265
Lithuanian 455 175 280 475 220 250
Slavic languages 28,600 13,510 15,095 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 65 35 25 245 115 125
Bosnian 450 225 225 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 640 335 310 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 5,815 2,935 2,880 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 900 390 515 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,005 515 490 400 220 185
Polish 10,305 4,595 5,710 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 4,775 2,205 2,570 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 3,440 1,690 1,745 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 280 140 140 1,525 770 750
Slovak 795 350 445 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 450 205 245 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 2,655 1,225 1,425 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 420 215 205
Celtic languages 215 105 115 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 60 25 35 660 395 265
Welsh 55 25 25 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 860 450 410
Germanic languages 11,190 5,145 6,045 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,000 455 545 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 345 145 205 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,650 1,220 1,430 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 55 25 25 465 230 240
German 7,130 3,330 3,800 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 20 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 100 35 70 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 270 130 145 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 545 270 275
Yiddish 30 10 20 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 2,165 1,035 1,125 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 39,505 19,460 20,045 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 35,350 17,425 17,930 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 1,205 595 615 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,880 1,330 1,550 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 9,790 4,725 5,070 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 90 50 40 60 30 25
Konkani 260 120 135 415 215 200
Marathi 385 215 170 1,475 780 695
Nepali 55 10 35 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 50 20 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,730 5,445 5,285 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 585 310 280 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 725 355 370 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 17,340 8,700 8,645 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 4,485 2,210 2,280 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 165 95 70 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 895 425 470 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 3,690 1,805 1,885 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 37,490 17,725 19,765 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 10 15 395 210 180
Italian 10,875 5,350 5,525 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 9,515 4,575 4,945 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,680 1,275 1,405 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 15,995 7,240 8,750 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 380 245 140
Japanese 895 435 465 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 4,100 1,915 2,185 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,075 960 1,125 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 470 200 265 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 25 10 20 145 80 60
Ewe 40 20 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 60 40 25 150 95 50
Ganda 45 20 25 165 80 85
Igbo 145 75 70 425 240 185
Lingala 125 55 70 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 30 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 290 125 165
Shona 50 30 20 415 220 195
Swahili 410 190 225 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 15 10 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 460 210 245 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 360 170 190 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 30 405 210 200
Dinka 20 15 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 325 155 165
Sign languages 850 340 510 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 580 205 375 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 290 145 145 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,690 7,785 8,905 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 16,570 7,725 8,845 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 4,690 2,185 2,505 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 70 25 45 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 12,235 5,625 6,605 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 390 180 215 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 295 140 160 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 170 200 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 130 65 70 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 65 30 30 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 45 15 30 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 255 105 145 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 100 50 50 1,630 735 890
Thai 170 70 100 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,425 730 695 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 90 45 45 945 510 435
Turkish 1,270 635 635 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 30 25 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 15 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 30 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,270 1,065 1,210 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 215 115 95 780 350 425
Finnish 305 130 180 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,755 820 940 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 540,980 263,490 277,485 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 502,490 245,765 256,730 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 122,000 62,150 59,850 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 380,490 183,610 196,880 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 38,485 17,730 20,755 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 540,980 263,490 277,485 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 375,815 185,430 190,385 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 160,165 75,805 84,360 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 48,245 22,860 25,380 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 18,710 8,880 9,830 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 29,935 14,165 15,770 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 42,785 20,205 22,580 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 22,635 10,875 11,765 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 20,155 9,330 10,815 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,485 9,695 10,785 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,000 2,255 2,745 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 160,165 75,805 84,355 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 18,970 9,335 9,640 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 31,255 15,830 15,420 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 31,890 13,715 18,180 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 65,735 31,150 34,585 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 12,315 5,780 6,535 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 160,165 75,805 84,360 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 21,720 9,770 11,950 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 870 375 495 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 2,265 1,045 1,225 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 420 220 200 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,295 585 715 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 30 35 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,945 1,245 1,700 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,125 480 645 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 920 395 525 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,800 835 970 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,320 2,345 2,980 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 4,690 2,225 2,460 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 61,255 29,190 32,065 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,065 555 510 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,485 1,295 1,190 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 625 285 335 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,100 1,385 1,720 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 730 390 335 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 875 400 475 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,240 525 710 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 3,785 2,035 1,750 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,025 1,005 1,015 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 6,685 2,920 3,765 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,675 2,315 2,360 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,295 1,040 1,250 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 1,595 740 860 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,235 585 645 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,245 555 695 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,300 10,255 11,050 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 6,295 2,900 3,395 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 11,070 5,625 5,445 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 105 50 60 485 310 175
Egypt 4,190 2,255 1,935 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 120 70 45 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 765 355 410 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 120 50 65 985 535 455
Nigeria 890 455 430 1,740 925 815
Somalia 100 45 55 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,960 930 1,025 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,820 1,405 1,415 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 65,440 30,885 34,555 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,245 605 640 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 675 325 350 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,240 4,160 5,080 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,600 770 835 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 13,680 6,565 7,115 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,795 930 870 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,485 1,255 1,230 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 305 70 235 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,185 1,475 1,710 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,000 525 475 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 11,195 5,665 5,535 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 7,255 3,000 4,260 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,695 850 845 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 645 340 300 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 545 215 325 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,445 630 820 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,505 3,935 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 675 335 345 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,485 9,695 10,790 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,975 1,435 1,545 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 230 110 120 1,145 525 615
Colombia 305 130 175 580 250 325
Cuba 90 55 35 140 60 80
Haiti 0 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 115 80 35 625 355 265
Mexico 285 120 170 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 990 460 530 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 350 180 170 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 615 300 315 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,685 1,245 1,430 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 115 55 60 970 510 460
Germany 85 45 40 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 95 75 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 10 245 120 125
Romania 165 70 90 690 310