Census Profile, 2016 Census
City of Hamilton Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic City of Hamilton Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , City of Hamilton Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : City of Hamilton Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 536,917 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 519,949 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 222,918 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 211,596 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,117.29 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 536,920 262,525 274,390 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 87,115 44,815 42,305 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 28,275 14,565 13,710 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 29,355 15,020 14,335 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 29,485 15,230 14,255 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 356,895 176,610 180,280 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 32,130 16,615 15,515 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 36,715 18,870 17,840 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 35,720 17,915 17,805 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 34,725 17,200 17,520 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 32,400 15,785 16,610 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 32,755 15,855 16,905 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 36,345 17,690 18,655 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 41,950 20,630 21,315 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 40,075 19,725 20,350 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 34,080 16,320 17,765 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 92,910 41,105 51,805 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 29,340 13,860 15,485 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 21,055 9,925 11,130 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 16,115 7,305 8,805 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 12,470 5,195 7,275 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 13,930 4,815 9,110 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 8,685 3,260 5,425 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 4,165 1,315 2,850 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 960 215 740 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 125 25 95 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.1 15.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.3 65.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.3 15.7 18.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.3 40.1 42.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.5 40.0 42.8 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 211,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 121,210 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,565 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 56,450 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,490 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 24,720 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,685 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,110 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 445 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 365 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 211,595 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 59,575 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 68,025 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 33,720 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 30,960 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 19,315 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 527,930 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 449,800 217,710 232,090 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 246,910 123,480 123,425 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 208,705 104,375 104,325 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 38,205 19,105 19,105 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 202,890 94,230 108,660 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 131,065 70,925 60,140 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 14,680 6,225 8,455 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 28,945 11,460 17,490 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 28,200 5,625 22,570 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,350 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 72,015 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 33,450 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 30,275 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,610 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,350 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 120,715 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 101,625 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,090 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,640 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 23,085 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 5,545 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,720 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 54,750 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 65,960 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 25,315 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 27,885 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 12,765 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,640 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 17,265 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 8,140 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 3,235 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,250 42,230 47,020 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 211,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 139,620 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,060 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 88,560 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,760 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 67,220 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 59,580 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,645 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 530,635 259,740 270,890 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 489,915 242,380 247,535 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 375 160 220 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 30,525 13,275 17,250 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 9,820 3,925 5,890 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 530,635 259,740 270,890 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 512,265 251,775 260,495 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 6,760 3,170 3,595 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,975 970 1,005 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 9,635 3,835 5,800 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,750 3,655 4,090 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 530,635 259,745 270,895 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 519,075 254,100 264,970 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 396,540 195,595 200,950 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 389,870 192,485 197,385 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 6,670 3,110 3,565 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 122,530 58,510 64,025 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 75 40 30 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 35 15 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 5 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 5 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 20 10 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 25 20 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 10 5 5 40 20 20
Mohawk 10 10 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 122,460 58,470 63,995 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,840 6,545 6,295 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,040 490 550 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 45 25 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,000 465 535 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 11,740 6,020 5,715 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 195 95 100 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 8,585 4,465 4,120 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,225 1,090 1,135 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 215 110 100 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 145 85 65 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 125 65 60 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 125 60 65 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 50 60 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,985 1,865 2,120 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 815 370 445 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,170 1,495 1,680 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 5,015 1,965 3,045 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 25 10 15 595 260 330
Cebuano 190 80 110 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 5 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 300 125 175 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 110 35 75 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,245 1,665 2,580 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 290 140 155 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 170 80 90 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,280 620 655 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 50 25 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 660 320 335 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 470 220 250 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 100 55 40 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 83,865 40,165 43,700 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,275 645 630 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 270 130 135 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 25,235 11,650 13,585 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 695 280 410 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 290 115 170 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 405 165 235 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 24,540 11,365 13,180 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 935 465 470 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 135 55 75 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 4,685 2,260 2,425 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 940 425 515 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 485 235 250 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 7,280 3,205 4,075 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,465 640 825 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 5,465 2,735 2,735 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 375 180 195 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 455 200 255 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 560 245 315 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,650 660 985 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 35 15 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,025 3,135 3,890 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 135 65 70 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 165 75 85 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,665 1,215 1,445 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 70 30 40 1,240 630 620
German 3,830 1,665 2,165 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 10 10 940 405 540
Swedish 55 25 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 25 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 35 20 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,600 830 770 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,280 8,000 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 12,440 6,345 6,095 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,165 585 585 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,415 780 635 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 960 520 445 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 55 30 30 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 65 35 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 180 105 80 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,580 2,325 2,255 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 95 50 45 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 115 120 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,675 1,805 1,865 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,780 1,895 1,885 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,035 540 490 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 245 125 120 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 2,500 1,225 1,275 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 32,150 15,485 16,665 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 15,380 7,365 8,015 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 7,275 3,600 3,670 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,730 825 905 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 7,720 3,665 4,055 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 420 200 215
Japanese 265 85 180 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 15 5 10 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,380 640 740 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,360 615 745 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 195 90 110 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 20 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 30 10 20 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 25 10 10 600 275 325
Ganda 30 20 20 760 360 400
Igbo 65 30 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 30 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 35 1,330 545 785
Shona 175 75 100 1,455 660 790
Swahili 310 135 175 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 90 50 35 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 110 150 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 70 65 1,610 810 800
Dinka 15 10 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 110 55 60 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 40 20 25 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 40 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,920 4,170 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 7,750 3,745 4,010 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,770 1,320 1,450 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 35 15 20 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 4,350 2,115 2,235 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 175 90 90 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 165 175 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 175 160 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 65 35 35 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 255 135 120 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 485 230 260 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 305 150 150 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 185 75 105 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 680 350 335 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 35 20 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 605 315 290 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 2,605 1,165 1,440 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 140 60 80 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 85 35 45 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 2,390 1,070 1,320 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 11,560 5,640 5,915 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,190 560 635 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 9,745 4,790 4,960 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 400 190 205 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 220 105 115 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 530,630 259,740 270,890 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 504,615 247,060 257,550 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 446,760 219,590 227,175 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 444,460 218,535 225,925 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,300 1,055 1,250 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 57,850 27,475 30,375 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 5 0 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,830 27,470 30,365 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,810 3,880 3,930 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 10 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 700 320 380 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 35 15 20 805 380 425
Somali 670 310 365 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 7,065 3,535 3,535 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 60 30 30 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 5,210 2,605 2,605 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 715 715 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 70 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 70 30 40 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 20 10 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 65 35 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,565 1,200 1,365 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 195 260 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,105 1,000 1,105 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,165 965 1,205 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 75 40 40 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 135 65 75 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 25 15 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,895 835 1,065 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 105 40 65 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 10 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 45 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 640 300 340 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 325 155 175 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 250 110 140 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 55 30 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 35,775 16,830 18,940 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 685 330 355 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 95 45 55 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 10,895 5,140 5,755 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 180 65 115 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 80 30 50 860 350 515
Lithuanian 95 35 60 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 10,715 5,070 5,645 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 515 255 255 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 40 15 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 1,875 880 995 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 455 220 235 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 190 90 100 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 3,050 1,385 1,665 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 800 380 420 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,945 1,455 1,485 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 160 80 75 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 100 45 50 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 70 85 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 410 180 230 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 620 285 335 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 65 30 30 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 110 60 50 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 435 190 240 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 620 300 320 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 9,870 4,915 4,955 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 7,685 3,855 3,830 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 750 365 385 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 820 435 385 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 455 250 200 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 20 10 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 170 90 80 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,065 1,535 1,535 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 55 25 25 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 65 65 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,215 1,070 1,145 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 2,145 1,035 1,110 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 560 280 280 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 135 65 75 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 690 760 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 12,990 5,825 7,165 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 4,850 1,970 2,880 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 3,080 1,460 1,615 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 825 395 430 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 4,225 1,985 2,240 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 75 30 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 10 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 935 435 495 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 495 215 280 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 10 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 0 195 85 110
Igbo 20 10 5 540 265 275
Lingala 25 15 10 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 420 160 260
Shona 75 25 45 455 210 245
Swahili 175 80 100 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 25 10 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20 550 260 290
Dinka 5 5 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 425 195 225
Sign languages 190 105 85 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 55 25 30 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 80 55 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,555 2,745 2,810 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,305 2,610 2,690 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,770 830 940 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 20 10 15 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 3,155 1,585 1,565 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 115 120 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 135 120 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 50 25 30 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 195 105 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 280 140 135 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 175 90 85 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 110 55 55 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 350 180 175 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 330 165 165 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 810 360 450 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 785 355 435 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 26,015 12,680 13,340 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 815 390 425 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 24,605 12,010 12,590 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 160 80 85 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 440 195 245 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 530,635 259,745 270,890 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 462,505 227,300 235,205 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 24,670 12,100 12,565 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,170 1,745 2,425 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 38,255 18,110 20,150 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 100 50 50 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 38,160 18,060 20,095 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 185 80 105 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 440 230 210 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 410 185 225 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 441,055 214,050 227,005 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,255 204,960 217,290 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,917 39,174 28,056 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,350 204,975 217,375 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,175 35,276 26,142 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 371,370 184,240 187,125 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,674 38,568 25,865 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 311,410 139,555 171,860 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,375 3,136 6,497 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 306,895 159,370 147,525 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,209 38,437 28,993 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 441,055 214,025 227,030 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,435 204,875 217,565 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,966 51,255 37,103 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,530 204,885 217,635 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,820 41,918 32,021 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,340 184,045 187,295 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,381 51,495 35,408 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 310,995 139,415 171,580 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,922 7,339 8,396 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 306,895 159,335 147,560 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,099 48,918 36,815 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 441,060 214,025 227,030 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 145,575 81,005 64,570 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,880 59,430 48,308 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,903 69,433 54,710 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.2 82.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.5 74.9 67.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.8 17.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 441,060 214,050 227,005 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 18,805 9,090 9,715 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 422,255 204,960 217,290 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.8 95.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,815 27,315 33,500 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 74,265 29,655 44,610 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 61,205 24,890 36,315 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 48,720 22,505 26,215 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 42,880 20,780 22,100 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 33,390 17,370 16,020 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 25,570 14,430 11,140 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 18,820 11,295 7,520 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 14,550 8,880 5,670 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 12,630 7,210 5,420 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 29,410 20,630 8,780 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 20,320 13,875 6,445 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 9,090 6,755 2,335 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 441,055 214,050 227,005 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 18,705 9,075 9,625 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 422,350 204,970 217,380 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.8 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,340 27,690 34,650 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 77,460 30,975 46,485 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 70,345 29,300 41,045 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 58,745 27,835 30,910 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 48,410 24,765 23,645 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 34,165 19,270 14,890 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 23,460 14,210 9,250 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 17,960 10,595 7,365 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 29,475 20,335 9,145 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 10,665 6,790 3,880 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,625 3,950 1,675 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 13,185 9,600 3,585 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 441,055 214,050 227,005 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 134,160 54,685 79,475 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 306,895 159,370 147,525 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.6 74.5 65.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,475 24,620 20,855 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 24,535 10,970 13,570 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 40,525 17,950 22,575 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 33,030 14,600 18,430 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 30,880 13,735 17,145 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 28,585 13,665 14,920 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 24,500 13,115 11,390 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 18,830 11,040 7,795 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 14,640 9,055 5,580 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 45,885 30,620 15,265 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 7,345 4,540 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,140 6,325 4,815 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 22,860 16,955 5,905 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 211,600 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,024 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,168 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 59,575 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,153 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,294 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 152,020 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,222 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,378 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 211,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,775 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,524 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 59,535 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,475 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,039 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 152,060 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,511 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,201 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 211,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,105 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,865 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,590 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,445 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,760 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,765 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,930 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,455 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,140 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,750 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,835 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,300 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,360 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,395 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 67,320 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,110 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,250 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,105 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,855 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 211,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,265 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,935 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,675 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,785 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,870 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,740 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,330 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,915 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,750 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,320 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,140 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,900 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,590 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,640 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,590 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 50,140 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,895 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,690 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,550 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 146,680 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,506 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,524 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 49,660 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,534 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,175 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,380 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,867 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,603 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 26,390 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,546 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,903 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 146,805 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,908 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,381 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 49,700 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,059 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,825 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,505 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,511 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,794 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 26,325 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,514 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,084 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,185 37,395 39,790 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,985 31,606 28,738 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,742 28,856 26,908 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 76,925 37,110 39,810 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,322 40,905 37,847 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,571 34,253 32,936 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,930 258,710 269,225 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 260,965 124,270 136,695 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 55,730 27,035 28,695 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 52,775 23,585 29,185 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 50,855 23,990 26,865 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 50,490 24,340 26,150 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 51,115 25,320 25,795 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 266,970 134,440 132,525 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 52,120 25,900 26,225 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 54,610 27,345 27,260 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 55,585 27,980 27,605 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 56,995 28,835 28,160 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 47,655 24,380 23,275 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,930 258,705 269,220 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 105,455 54,260 51,195 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 33,955 17,450 16,510 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 335,610 165,255 170,350 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 86,865 39,195 47,670 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 80,915 37,515 43,400 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 22,175 11,290 10,885 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 7,755 3,925 3,835 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 48,625 22,665 25,965 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 10,115 3,560 6,555 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.5 16.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 21.0 20.8 21.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 22.8 22.5 23.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.7 15.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.6 9.1 13.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,740 30,875 33,865 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 16,530 8,415 8,115 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 5,885 2,980 2,905 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 41,740 20,240 21,500 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 6,470 2,220 4,255 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 11.9 12.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.5 15.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.1 17.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 12.2 12.6 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.4 5.7 8.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,930 258,710 269,220 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 518,185 254,795 263,395 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 517,735 254,560 263,175 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 30,835 13,600 17,235 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 151,085 72,345 78,750 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 60 35 20 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 10 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 115 55 55 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 40 15 25 120 35 85
Mohawk 95 50 45 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 150,865 72,240 78,630 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,100 8,280 7,815 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,180 480 700 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 85 35 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,100 450 650 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 14,985 7,825 7,155 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 260 135 125 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 12,060 6,295 5,760 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,820 1,420 1,400 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 310 160 150 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 495 280 220 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 235 120 115 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 140 65 75 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,585 2,145 2,440 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,010 440 565 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 3,605 1,725 1,880 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 6,535 2,605 3,930 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 15 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 190 60 130 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 25 15 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 60 20 40 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 455 180 275 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 225 105 115 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 30 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 20 0 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,075 2,405 3,670 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 10 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 15 45 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 695 330 360 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 75 30 50 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 250 125 125 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 365 175 190 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,615 770 845 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 55 35 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 820 380 440 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 695 330 365 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 155 90 65 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 104,680 50,195 54,490 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,575 785 790 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 395 195 200 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 29,495 13,875 15,620 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 830 350 475 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 365 155 210 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 465 190 270 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 28,720 13,550 15,170 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 30 10 25 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,295 670 625 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 110 40 70 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 6,780 3,310 3,470 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,290 590 700 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 730 325 405 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 8,610 3,840 4,775 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,450 1,175 1,275 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 6,280 3,180 3,100 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 385 190 195 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 530 255 275 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 675 285 395 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,100 850 1,250 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 190 115 70 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 135 55 75 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 30 1,480 720 765
Welsh 25 15 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 9,610 4,285 5,320 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 290 135 160 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 220 85 135 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,060 1,415 1,645 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 110 55 55 1,655 820 835
German 5,940 2,630 3,310 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 35 20 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 160 70 85 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 25 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 55 15 40 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,205 1,175 1,035 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 20,460 10,285 10,175 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 16,275 8,190 8,080 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,580 780 795 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,750 925 825 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 4,415 2,245 2,170 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 80 30 50 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 125 80 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 205 110 95 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,645 3,410 3,235 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 215 100 115 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 295 150 140 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,560 2,750 2,810 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 4,395 2,185 2,210 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,550 795 755 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 355 200 155 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,690 1,310 1,385 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 75 65 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 43,090 20,605 22,485 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 20,665 9,865 10,805 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 9,260 4,615 4,640 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,985 935 1,050 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 12,355 5,750 6,605 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 60 25 1,355 745 605
Japanese 655 325 325 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 10 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,715 770 950 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 2,675 1,265 1,410 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 405 200 210 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 30 10 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 45 15 25 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 0 15 700 320 375
Ga 40 15 25 1,340 645 695
Ganda 50 30 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 190 130 60 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 335 155 180 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 195 90 105 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 340 145 195 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 685 320 375 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 10 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 205 105 105 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 455 210 250 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 255 125 125 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 25 15 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 815 355 455 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 375 120 250 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 450 235 215 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,945 4,345 4,600 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 8,550 4,130 4,415 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,430 1,635 1,805 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 55 20 30 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 5,345 2,595 2,745 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 20 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 100 140 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 60 70 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 180 190 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 215 185 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 60 35 25 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 360 190 175 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 775 380 400 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 520 245 270 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 355 170 185 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 945 470 475 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 875 440 435 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 15 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,950 1,350 1,605 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 170 80 90 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 30 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 2,720 1,245 1,475 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 140 95 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,930 258,710 269,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 497,485 244,095 253,390 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,610 51,815 48,790 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 396,880 192,280 204,600 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 30,445 14,615 15,835 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,930 258,710 269,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 391,330 193,905 197,430 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 130,365 61,495 68,875 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 50,625 23,635 26,990 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 16,565 8,115 8,450 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 23,695 11,370 12,330 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 26,330 12,075 14,255 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 12,915 5,880 7,040 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 13,410 6,190 7,215 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,150 6,300 6,855 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,230 3,310 2,915 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 130,370 61,490 68,875 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 14,645 7,225 7,415 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 26,920 13,595 13,325 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 31,680 14,120 17,555 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 48,430 22,670 25,765 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 8,690 3,880 4,810 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 130,370 61,495 68,875 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 17,015 7,520 9,490 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 330 145 180 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,395 640 755 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,600 775 825 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,230 510 715 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 210 100 110 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,780 1,250 1,530 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 600 290 315 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 225 110 120 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,250 510 740 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,900 1,600 2,300 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 3,490 1,580 1,915 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 63,400 30,100 33,295 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,710 1,380 1,330 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 4,800 2,350 2,455 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 385 185 205 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,020 1,350 1,680 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,355 720 630 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,485 695 790 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 580 280 295 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 10,790 5,230 5,560 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,495 1,235 1,260 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 5,775 2,610 3,165 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 5,600 2,800 2,800 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,710 790 915 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 700 290 410 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,725 830 900 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 855 365 490 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,965 6,370 7,590 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 5,445 2,630 2,820 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 7,495 3,610 3,885 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 70 35 35 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 805 430 370 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 350 145 205 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 440 195 245 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 175 100 75 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 415 200 220 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 580 215 365 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 635 305 335 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 4,025 1,985 2,040 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 42,025 20,040 21,985 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 945 455 490 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,020 505 515 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,880 1,740 2,145 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 635 300 330 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 6,585 3,280 3,305 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,190 570 620 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 4,750 2,405 2,345 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 210 85 125 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,100 485 615 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 970 455 515 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,685 1,790 1,895 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 5,890 2,340 3,545 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 600 300 300 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,825 930 895 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 245 120 130 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 2,785 1,285 1,500 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 5,725 3,000 2,725 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 440 220 220 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,150 6,295 6,855 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 2,015 1,050 960 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 45 20 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 260 130 135 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 115 50 60 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 85 45 40 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 310 180 125 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 110 55 55 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 540 290 250 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 530 275 255 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,865 900 960 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 50 20 25 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 40 20 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 40 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 880 400