Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hastings and Prince Edward Counties Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hastings and Prince Edward Counties Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hastings and Prince Edward Counties Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Hastings and Prince Edward Counties Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 161,180 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 160,192 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 78,035 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 67,745 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 22.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,154.41 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 161,180 79,000 82,175 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 23,970 12,210 11,760 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,650 3,930 3,725 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,270 4,210 4,055 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,045 4,070 3,975 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 100,805 49,845 50,960 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,675 4,440 4,235 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,650 4,465 4,185 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,390 4,295 4,095 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,495 4,285 4,210 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,435 4,115 4,320 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,610 4,210 4,400 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,715 4,775 4,945 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 13,255 6,520 6,745 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 13,825 6,680 7,155 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 12,750 6,070 6,680 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 36,410 16,945 19,460 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 12,080 5,905 6,170 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,865 4,315 4,545 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,345 3,025 3,315 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,580 2,055 2,515 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 4,545 1,640 2,910 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,830 1,145 1,685 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,320 395 920 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 355 90 270 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 40 5 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.5 14.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 62.5 63.1 62.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 22.6 21.4 23.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.1 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 44.7 43.7 45.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 47.8 46.6 48.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 51,060 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,560 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,555 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,020 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,450 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,230 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,590 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 565 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 18,325 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 27,445 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 9,805 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,835 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,330 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 157,815 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 137,215 66,790 70,425 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 83,090 41,550 41,545 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 66,800 33,425 33,380 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 16,295 8,120 8,170 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 54,120 25,240 28,875 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 30,685 17,075 13,610 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,535 2,020 2,515 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 8,830 3,815 5,015 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 10,065 2,330 7,735 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 48,245 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 28,545 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 9,345 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,215 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,130 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 48,240 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 40,865 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 32,720 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,145 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,375 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,685 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,690 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 40,870 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 23,815 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,050 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,440 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,680 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,935 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,375 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,735 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,905 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 735 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,920 12,705 14,220 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 45,995 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 22,855 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 23,140 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,110 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 20,640 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 18,330 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,310 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 159,095 78,180 80,920 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 148,255 73,110 75,150 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 190 75 115 1,110 530 580
English and French 10,245 4,790 5,455 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 410 210 200 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 159,095 78,180 80,920 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 155,255 76,210 79,045 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,270 1,660 1,610 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 190 110 80 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 380 200 185 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,365 1,720 1,650 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 159,095 78,180 80,920 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 158,010 77,630 80,380 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 150,550 74,060 76,480 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 147,180 72,355 74,830 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,365 1,710 1,655 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 7,465 3,565 3,895 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 35 15 20 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 15 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,400 3,540 3,865 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 95 80 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 170 90 80 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 115 65 55 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 20 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 20 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 150 60 85 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 140 60 80 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 280 85 190 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 15 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 10 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 65 140 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 15 10 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 125 65 55 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 40 20 20 1,750 905 845
Tamil 70 35 35 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 10 5 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,240 2,555 2,685 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 20 10 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 910 425 485 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 50 25 20 645 280 370
Latvian 30 20 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 860 400 460 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 10 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 0 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 40 20 15 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 90 40 50 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 30 15 10 250 120 135
Polish 330 155 175 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 115 45 70 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 40 15 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 25 10 15 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 120 55 65 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,400 1,130 1,275 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 10 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 70 30 45 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 960 465 495 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 20 15 80 30 50
German 1,260 575 685 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 20 10 10 835 410 430
Swedish 25 15 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 230 125 105 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 585 300 280 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 525 275 250 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 10 5 10 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 160 85 75 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 50 25 25 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 0 0 0 535 280 255
Nepali 20 10 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 80 75 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 100 55 50 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 55 25 35 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 45 20 30 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,085 560 525 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 360 190 170 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 250 130 125 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 25 15 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 450 225 225 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 45 10 35 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 245 120 125 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 50 30 20 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 10 5 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 125 65 60 620 330 295
American Sign Language 85 45 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 600 260 340 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 535 230 310 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 220 95 120 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 260 105 155 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 15 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 35 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 65 25 35 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 30 20 15 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 30 20 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 20 10 10 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 10 10 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 305 150 160 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 20 15 455 195 260
Finnish 100 45 55 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 175 85 90 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,085 550 535 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 420 225 195 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 610 305 305 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 35 15 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 159,100 78,180 80,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 157,505 77,405 80,100 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 155,035 76,220 78,820 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 153,585 75,470 78,120 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,455 750 700 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 2,465 1,185 1,280 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 35 15 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 5 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,430 1,170 1,265 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 35 30 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 60 35 25 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 50 25 20 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 45 50 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 95 45 50 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 100 45 50 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 40 40 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 90 50 40 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 20 15 885 450 435
Tamil 45 20 20 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,320 640 680 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 5 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 215 105 105 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 205 100 105 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 0 0 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 85 40 45 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 35 20 15 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 5 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 10 0 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 10 10 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 345 155 190 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 55 20 35 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 285 130 150 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 95 35 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 320 155 165 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 285 140 145 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 10 5 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 90 45 45 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 10 10 5 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 15 5 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 55 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 40 20 20 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 35 10 20 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 35 15 20 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 340 180 165 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 75 40 40 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 70 30 40 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 5 5 0 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 190 110 75 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 15 5 15 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 170 80 90 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 145 80 65 830 460 370
American Sign Language 85 50 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 25 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 355 150 200 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 310 130 180 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 115 55 65 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 175 70 95 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 15 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 40 15 25 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 15 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 15 10 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 5 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 50 30 20 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 20 10 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 25 15 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,590 775 815 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 295 165 135 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,245 590 655 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 5 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 159,095 78,180 80,915 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 152,960 75,275 77,680 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,670 825 845 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,770 825 950 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,575 1,205 1,370 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 190 80 110 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,385 1,125 1,260 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 5 10 965 435 530
English and non-official language 25 10 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 70 30 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 133,920 65,375 68,540 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 129,155 63,195 65,960 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,592 36,957 26,005 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 129,215 63,195 66,025 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,193 33,418 24,313 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,955 55,845 56,115 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,292 35,386 22,560 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,235 45,155 53,075 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,608 8,515 8,721 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,335 45,435 41,905 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,447 33,744 24,386 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 133,920 65,380 68,540 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 129,165 63,210 65,955 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,629 45,927 33,594 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 129,220 63,210 66,015 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,013 38,847 29,385 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 112,175 55,945 56,230 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,480 44,537 30,459 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,060 45,040 53,020 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,326 9,135 9,489 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,335 45,315 42,025 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,777 42,091 31,046 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 133,915 65,375 68,540 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 41,295 23,575 17,715 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,873 51,277 41,839 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,451 57,927 47,493 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.2 85.9 77.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.7 65.7 58.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.8 14.1 22.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 133,915 65,375 68,540 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,765 2,185 2,580 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 129,150 63,190 65,960 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.7 96.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,635 7,070 9,560 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 25,585 10,240 15,340 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 21,305 8,985 12,320 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 16,350 7,550 8,800 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 13,750 7,125 6,620 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 10,290 5,840 4,455 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 7,635 4,790 2,845 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,265 3,465 1,800 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,615 2,360 1,250 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,845 1,630 1,220 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,885 4,140 1,750 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,380 3,050 1,330 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,510 1,090 420 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 133,920 65,375 68,540 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,700 2,180 2,520 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 129,215 63,200 66,020 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.7 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,370 7,215 10,155 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 26,650 10,690 15,955 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 24,430 10,540 13,885 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 19,080 9,215 9,870 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 14,790 8,170 6,620 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 10,250 6,370 3,875 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,375 4,205 2,175 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,125 2,515 1,610 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 6,145 4,280 1,870 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,455 1,595 855 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,255 905 350 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,440 1,775 660 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 133,920 65,375 68,540 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 46,585 19,945 26,640 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 87,340 45,430 41,905 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 65.2 69.5 61.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 14,835 7,700 7,140 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 7,525 3,250 4,275 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 11,960 5,145 6,810 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 10,960 4,885 6,080 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 9,630 4,500 5,125 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,500 4,510 3,990 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,655 3,915 2,745 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845 3,210 1,640 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,565 2,390 1,170 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 8,865 5,930 2,935 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,625 1,700 930 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,250 1,270 985 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,985 2,965 1,020 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,850 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,535 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 18,330 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,756 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,485 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 49,420 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,347 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,337 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,560 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,880 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,315 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,647 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,088 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 49,430 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,863 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,286 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 67,745 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 660 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,230 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,805 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,585 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,245 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,590 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,365 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,295 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,160 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,115 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,750 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,010 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,440 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,550 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,220 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,545 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,970 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,665 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,045 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 67,745 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 745 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,265 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,935 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,995 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,515 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,005 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,895 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,890 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,775 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,230 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,405 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,450 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,365 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,385 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,180 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,585 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,830 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,770 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 47,700 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,245 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,168 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 22,340 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,021 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,564 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,290 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,548 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,747 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,805 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,572 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,307 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 47,745 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,910 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,213 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 22,350 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,297 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,108 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,305 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,208 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,716 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,780 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,939 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,065 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,865 11,405 12,465 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,024 29,417 27,190 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,111 27,161 25,491 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,695 11,350 12,345 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,880 38,548 35,346 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,930 32,852 31,082 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 157,815 77,540 80,275 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 89,960 43,155 46,815 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 16,115 7,905 8,215 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 19,870 8,995 10,875 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 18,445 8,770 9,670 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 18,330 8,955 9,375 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 17,200 8,520 8,675 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 67,850 34,385 33,465 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 16,520 8,260 8,255 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 15,845 8,090 7,750 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 14,515 7,390 7,125 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 12,665 6,400 6,260 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 8,315 4,250 4,065 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 155,290 76,300 78,990 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 28,400 14,435 13,970 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,085 4,645 4,440 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 93,100 45,840 47,265 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 33,785 16,030 17,750 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,630 11,435 13,195 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 6,005 3,070 2,940 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,160 1,105 1,055 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 14,440 6,755 7,675 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,190 1,605 2,585 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.0 16.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.1 21.3 21.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.8 23.8 23.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.5 14.7 16.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.4 10.0 14.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,810 4,955 4,860 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,125 1,090 1,035 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 805 410 400 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,185 3,630 3,550 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 500 230 275 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.5 6.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 8.8 9.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7 7.9 7.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.4 1.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 157,810 77,535 80,270 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 157,455 77,395 80,065 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 157,270 77,325 79,950 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 10,340 4,855 5,480 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 10,400 4,720 5,680 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 365 155 210 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 10 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 350 150 195 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 350 150 195 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 10 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,040 4,570 5,470 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 210 105 100 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 210 105 100 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 10 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 140 70 70 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 40 25 20 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 15 10 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 75 125 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 175 70 110 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 375 100 275 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 15 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 70 25 40 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 0 30 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 75 210 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 30 25 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 145 80 65 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 75 45 30 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 85 45 40 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 7,005 3,285 3,720 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,025 475 545 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 50 30 15 635 310 325
Latvian 35 25 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 10 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 975 445 530 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 15 10 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 10 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 75 45 25 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 110 40 70 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 20 10 15 345 180 160
Polish 335 155 175 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 170 75 95 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 60 30 25 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 25 15 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 30 725 330 400
Ukrainian 180 75 105 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,885 1,335 1,545 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 35 25 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 105 35 65 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 925 400 530 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 45 30 15 120 55 65
German 1,835 885 950 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 55 25 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 350 175 175 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 830 380 450 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 745 350 395 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 0 0 0 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 245 110 135 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 325 160 165 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 10 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 220 110 115 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 15 10 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 15 25 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 240 115 120 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 85 30 60 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 10 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 0 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 75 25 50 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 2,140 1,010 1,125 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 595 300 300 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 410 210 195 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 85 35 45 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,160 530 630 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 95 50 50 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 245 100 140 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 10 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 30 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 35 20 15 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 10 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 855 335 520 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 570 230 340 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 290 110 185 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 665 300 370 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 580 255 330 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 215 95 120 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 350 160 195 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 10 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 45 40 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 85 45 40 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 35 25 0 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 25 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15 0 10 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 10 10 10 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 355 190 165 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 20 15 495 205 295
Finnish 95 40 55 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 235 130 100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 157,815 77,540 80,270 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 155,185 76,440 78,740 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,915 14,770 14,140 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 126,275 61,670 64,600 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,625 1,100 1,530 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 157,815 77,540 80,275 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 145,375 71,745 73,635 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,960 5,570 6,395 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,500 3,590 3,915 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,235 555 680 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,145 525 615 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,360 580 780 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 665 275 395 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 690 305 390 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 720 320 405 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 470 220 250 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,960 5,570 6,390 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,715 870 845 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,615 1,260 1,350 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,080 1,345 1,740 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,960 1,820 2,145 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 590 285 310 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,965 5,570 6,390 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,930 855 1,070 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 45 20 25 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 35 15 20 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 50 25 25 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 110 65 45 920 415 500
Haiti 10 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 190 120 70 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 55 10 45 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 20 0 15 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 135 45 90 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 920 385 535 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 360 150 205 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,665 3,675 3,990 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 15 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 50 30 20 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 120 70 55 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 910 405 510 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 175 75 95 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 85 50 30 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 50 60 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 250 140 110 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 960 470 490 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 210 95 110 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 215 125 90 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 105 55 50 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 50 10 45 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 70 30 40 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 70 35 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,645 1,715 1,935 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 625 310 315 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 260 145 110 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 35 20 20 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 10 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 15 10 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 80 45 40 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 95 60 35 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 2,015 845 1,170 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 40 15 30 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 335 140 195 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 20 30 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 420 200 225 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 25 10 10 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 10 0 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 0 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 180 70 105 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 15 10 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 115 65 45 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 325 100 225 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 95 55 35 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15 10 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 140 50 90 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 235 95 135 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 95 45 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 725 320 405 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 170 85 85 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 15 0 960 445 520
Colombia 25 10 15 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 20 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 40 40 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 80 50 30 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90