Census Profile, 2016 Census
Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Middlesex-London Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 455,526 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 439,151 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 203,349 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 190,045 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 137.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,317.27 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 455,530 221,235 234,290 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 74,835 38,190 36,650 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 24,180 12,415 11,765 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 25,745 13,155 12,595 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 24,910 12,615 12,295 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 303,940 149,230 154,710 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 27,295 13,870 13,420 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 34,370 17,430 16,940 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 31,780 15,915 15,865 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 29,815 14,605 15,210 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 27,810 13,585 14,225 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 27,575 13,430 14,145 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 29,515 14,395 15,120 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 34,495 16,795 17,700 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 32,955 15,805 17,155 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 28,335 13,400 14,935 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 76,745 33,815 42,930 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 24,880 11,655 13,225 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 18,035 8,340 9,690 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 13,245 6,025 7,215 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 9,860 4,135 5,725 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 10,740 3,665 7,075 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 6,475 2,465 4,015 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,365 985 2,375 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 790 195 595 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 105 15 90 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.5 66.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.8 15.3 18.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.7 39.5 41.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 38.9 41.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 104,350 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,990 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,235 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,805 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 21,045 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,555 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,575 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 250 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 475 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 57,590 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 65,535 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 28,095 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 25,010 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,815 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 448,535 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 380,690 183,045 197,645 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 210,825 105,275 105,555 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 176,265 87,995 88,265 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 34,560 17,270 17,285 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 169,860 77,775 92,090 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 111,310 58,920 52,395 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 12,640 5,375 7,270 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 24,300 9,190 15,110 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 21,610 4,285 17,325 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 125,590 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 64,310 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 26,520 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 23,755 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,000 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 125,590 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 103,290 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 86,015 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,275 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,300 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 17,870 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,430 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 103,290 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 50,690 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 52,600 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 20,225 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 22,000 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 10,375 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,300 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 13,620 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,300 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,375 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 86,210 40,245 45,965 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 120,870 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,980 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 71,895 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,320 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 66,850 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 57,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,260 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 450,290 219,135 231,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 412,845 203,370 209,480 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 230 105 120 1,110 530 580
English and French 30,820 13,020 17,795 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,400 2,635 3,755 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 450,290 219,135 231,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 436,700 213,200 223,500 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,285 2,410 2,880 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,055 965 1,090 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 6,240 2,565 3,680 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,315 2,890 3,430 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 450,290 219,135 231,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 442,250 215,195 227,050 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 358,065 174,825 183,240 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 352,755 172,420 180,330 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,315 2,405 2,910 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 84,180 40,375 43,810 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 135 45 85 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 65 20 40 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 20 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 20 30 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 35 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,045 40,320 43,720 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,075 6,675 6,400 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 165 95 75
Somali 235 105 125 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 12,785 6,535 6,255 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 260 130 130 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,620 5,435 5,190 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 525 520 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 140 80 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 205 105 95 80 40 40
Tigrigna 250 130 125 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,535 1,155 1,375 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 780 360 420 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,755 795 955 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,935 740 1,195 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 25 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 170 75 95 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 135 65 70 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,485 555 930 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 30 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,370 725 645 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 30 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 830 420 410 1,750 905 845
Tamil 330 170 160 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 145 95 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 50,120 24,000 26,120 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,020 530 490 1,090 560 530
Armenian 95 45 45 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,930 5,570 6,360 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 240 100 145 645 280 370
Latvian 85 35 50 320 145 175
Lithuanian 160 60 100 325 130 200
Slavic languages 11,685 5,470 6,215 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 10 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 630 315 315 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 75 35 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 860 425 435 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 380 180 205 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 95 40 55 250 120 135
Polish 5,490 2,535 2,955 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,385 630 755 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 830 430 405 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 175 1,145 545 600
Slovak 345 155 185 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 545 250 290
Ukrainian 965 445 520 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 15 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,710 3,495 4,215 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 70 35 35 1,435 730 705
Danish 200 100 95 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,620 1,675 1,950 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 80 30 40 80 30 50
German 3,365 1,480 1,885 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 75 40 35 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 225 90 135 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,815 895 920 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,750 4,530 4,220 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,635 2,940 2,690 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 455 230 230 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 710 380 335 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 835 455 385 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 80 45 40 535 280 255
Nepali 720 355 365 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,065 575 490 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 60 30 30 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,525 785 740 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,085 1,575 1,515 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 995 525 470 1,650 875 780
Pashto 185 90 100 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 960 950 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 18,780 8,930 9,850 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 3,155 1,565 1,590 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 5,930 2,810 3,125 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 850 390 465 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,805 4,150 4,655 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 40 25
Japanese 230 90 140 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 2,760 1,280 1,480 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 340 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 15 10 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 20 10 10 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 10 65 35 30
Igbo 40 25 25 160 90 65
Lingala 20 10 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 40 15 20 150 70 85
Swahili 130 60 70 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 65 35 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 85 110 265 135 135
Dinka 110 45 60 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 180 95 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 100 60 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 35 40 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,800 4,115 4,695 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,555 3,985 4,565 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,000 945 1,055 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,860 2,705 3,155 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 55 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 225 215 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 125 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 20 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 200 95 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 195 80 110 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 120 60 65 800 405 400
Thai 75 20 50 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 445 245 200 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 20 20 495 275 225
Turkish 335 185 150 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 30 20 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,390 645 750 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 15 30 455 195 260
Finnish 105 40 65 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,240 585 655 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 365 200 170
Multiple responses 8,045 3,935 4,100 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,135 505 630 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,415 3,195 3,220 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 245 125 125 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 245 110 130 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 450,290 219,135 231,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 432,845 210,670 222,175 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 392,365 191,360 201,005 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 390,705 190,595 200,110 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,660 770 890 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 40,485 19,310 21,170 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 10 5 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,450 19,295 21,155 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,355 3,620 3,735 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 70 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,220 3,560 3,655 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 115 60 55 535 250 290
Arabic 6,125 3,015 3,115 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 655 325 335 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 60 35 20 785 400 385
Maltese 15 5 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 105 55 50 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,540 705 840 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 450 200 250 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,090 500 595 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 735 330 410 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 60 30 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 610 265 345 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 705 375 330 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 480 250 230 885 450 435
Tamil 140 80 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 60 35 30 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 20,870 9,945 10,925 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 470 225 240 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,025 2,430 2,590 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 40 20 25 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 15 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,980 2,410 2,565 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 305 150 155 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 310 155 155 1,795 840 955
Czech 105 50 50 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,485 1,180 1,305 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 730 360 365 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 395 215 185 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 90 40 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 60 25 35
Ukrainian 285 130 150 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 830 405 425 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 25 10 15 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 195 95 100 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 560 275 280 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 725 340 390 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,130 2,560 2,570 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,215 1,605 1,605 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 250 130 125 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 355 175 180 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 410 215 195 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 40 25 20 245 125 120
Nepali 665 320 340 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 545 280 265 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 40 30 595 290 305
Urdu 845 410 430 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,900 940 960 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 605 305 300 1,025 515 505
Pashto 110 55 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,185 580 600 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 8,650 3,960 4,690 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 770 335 435 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,295 1,045 1,255 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 335 160 175 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,245 2,415 2,830 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 45 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,075 950 1,120 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 55 20 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 40 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 215 120 90 830 460 370
American Sign Language 105 60 45 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 110 65 50 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,965 2,785 3,180 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,800 2,705 3,095 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,155 535 620 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,255 1,970 2,280 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 155 130 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 135 70 70 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 35 1,015 435 580
Lao 40 20 20 335 160 175
Thai 25 15 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 225 115 110 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 165 80 85 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 20 15 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 355 170 180 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 340 165 175 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 17,445 8,465 8,975 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 740 335 405 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 16,205 7,910 8,300 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 90 35 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 410 190 215 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 450,290 219,135 231,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 399,545 194,890 204,655 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 18,055 8,815 9,240 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,840 1,960 2,880 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 26,925 13,025 13,895 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 220 85 135 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 26,705 12,940 13,760 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 195 90 105 965 435 530
English and non-official language 280 150 125 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 445 205 235 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 373,870 180,350 193,525 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,485 172,910 185,575 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,533 38,615 29,592 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,555 172,910 185,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,595 34,702 27,277 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 318,360 156,000 162,355 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,369 38,365 27,208 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 264,905 118,725 146,180 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,020 2,709 6,236 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 261,945 133,740 128,200 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,744 37,027 29,178 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 373,870 180,360 193,515 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,440 172,805 185,645 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,431 50,886 38,423 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,520 172,805 185,720 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,228 41,775 32,998 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 318,565 156,060 162,510 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,677 51,075 36,572 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 265,185 119,285 145,905 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,587 6,895 8,154 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 261,940 133,465 128,480 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,549 48,215 36,664 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 373,875 180,360 193,515 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,715 68,805 56,910 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,786 55,926 47,710 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,334 66,907 54,596 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.4 90.8 83.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.2 73.6 65.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.6 9.2 16.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 373,870 180,350 193,520 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 15,390 7,445 7,940 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 358,485 172,910 185,575 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,665 24,305 28,360 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 61,850 25,495 36,355 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 49,800 20,725 29,075 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 41,375 18,445 22,935 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 38,520 18,290 20,235 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 29,050 14,960 14,090 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 22,040 12,260 9,775 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 15,645 8,835 6,805 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 11,680 6,710 4,970 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 10,935 5,860 5,070 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 24,925 17,020 7,905 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 16,970 11,240 5,730 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,950 5,775 2,175 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,870 180,350 193,525 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 15,315 7,435 7,880 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 358,560 172,915 185,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 54,110 24,655 29,455 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 64,620 26,705 37,920 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 57,625 24,435 33,190 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 50,690 23,305 27,390 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 42,530 21,200 21,330 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 29,175 16,070 13,105 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 19,270 11,070 8,200 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 15,195 8,400 6,795 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 25,340 17,070 8,265 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,660 5,355 3,305 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 5,075 3,420 1,655 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,600 8,295 3,300 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 373,870 180,350 193,520 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 111,930 46,605 65,320 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 261,945 133,740 128,200 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.2 66.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,985 19,045 18,940 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,965 12,050 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 35,045 16,055 18,990 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 28,430 13,135 15,295 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 27,120 12,300 14,820 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 26,570 12,865 13,705 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 20,570 10,975 9,590 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 15,735 8,930 6,805 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 11,470 6,675 4,795 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 36,990 23,785 13,205 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 9,325 5,340 3,990 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 9,180 4,985 4,190 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 18,485 13,460 5,025 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,797 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,589 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 57,590 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,592 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,320 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,450 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,278 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,500 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,802 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,232 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 57,590 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,363 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,384 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,450 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,949 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,514 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 190,045 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,965 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,430 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,075 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,735 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,840 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,055 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,455 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,760 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,625 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,505 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,610 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,995 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,460 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,080 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,075 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,385 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,790 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,335 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,110 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,145 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 190,045 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,135 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,485 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,155 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,095 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,940 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,110 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,925 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,300 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,245 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,855 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,765 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,625 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,040 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,990 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,690 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,690 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,220 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,850 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,615 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 125,145 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,933 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,698 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,990 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,564 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,010 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,970 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,494 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,411 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,005 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,657 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,759 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 125,140 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,768 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,842 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,975 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,937 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,890 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 53,055 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,475 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,412 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,955 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,130 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,193 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,785 36,735 41,050 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,465 29,270 29,596 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,201 26,893 27,419 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 77,655 37,005 40,650 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,474 40,690 38,367 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,543 34,019 33,109 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 448,540 218,450 230,085 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 233,295 111,140 122,150 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 55,745 27,145 28,605 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 46,185 20,845 25,335 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 43,840 20,725 23,115 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 43,920 21,175 22,750 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 43,600 21,255 22,350 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 215,245 107,310 107,935 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 44,030 21,620 22,410 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 43,905 21,700 22,210 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 44,795 22,430 22,370 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 43,520 21,740 21,780 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 38,995 19,820 19,175 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 448,380 218,370 230,010 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 89,930 45,905 44,020 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 29,035 14,910 14,120 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 286,585 140,115 146,470 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 71,865 32,350 39,520 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 77,045 36,095 40,950 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 20,130 10,285 9,840 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 7,070 3,640 3,430 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 48,535 22,820 25,720 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 8,375 2,990 5,385 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.5 17.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.4 22.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.3 24.4 24.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.9 16.3 17.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.2 13.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 45,835 22,660 23,170 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 10,400 5,330 5,070 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,800 1,965 1,830 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 33,730 16,620 17,105 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,705 710 995 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 10.4 10.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.9 11.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 448,535 218,450 230,090 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 442,160 215,890 226,270 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 441,850 215,730 226,120 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 30,975 13,095 17,875 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 104,660 50,480 54,180 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 325 100 220 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 170 55 115 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 50 95 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 150 50 95 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 140 40 95 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 115 35 75 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,345 50,380 53,970 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,955 8,735 8,220 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 415 180 235 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 395 170 230 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,510 8,540 7,970 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 410 215 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,450 7,485 6,965 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,360 680 680 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 120 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 335 185 150 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 265 130 130 165 90 80
Tigrigna 410 200 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,395 1,565 1,830 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,155 565 585 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,260 1,010 1,245 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,605 1,010 1,595 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 20 10 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 130 35 95 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 15 25 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 235 90 145 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 185 95 90 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,285 855 1,425 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 220 105 110 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 915 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 160 80 80 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 565 290 275 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 210 115 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 64,180 30,895 33,285 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,140 580 560 1,135 580 555
Armenian 145 60 85 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 14,130 6,945 7,190 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 300 145 160 635 310 325
Latvian 135 75 65 310 175 140
Lithuanian 165 70 95 325 135 185
Slavic languages 13,845 6,810 7,040 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 40 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 930 515 425 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 85 35 55 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,310 665 645 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 465 245 225 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 160 70 90 345 180 160
Polish 6,460 3,155 3,305 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,360 1,125 1,240 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,360 710 650 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 465 210 250 1,240 595 645
Slovak 425 210 215 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 135 165 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,145 505 630 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 135 65 70 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 60 20 30 350 225 120
Welsh 30 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 10,000 4,690 5,310 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 195 95 95 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 280 135 150 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,985 1,715 2,275 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 100 45 55 120 55 65
German 5,220 2,570 2,650 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 75 40 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 195 90 105 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 135 90 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 20 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,685 1,390 1,295 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,085 5,570 5,515 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,835 3,990 3,850 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 530 255 280 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 885 495 390 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,045 1,625 1,420 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 100 50 55 1,275 650 625
Nepali 855 425 430 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,940 1,040 900 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 115 50 65 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,485 1,225 1,260 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,360 1,650 1,705 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 280 150 135 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,215 1,055 1,160 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 26,485 12,435 14,050 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,855 2,370 2,485 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 7,670 3,680 3,990 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,060 500 560 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,700 6,235 7,465 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 220 130 85
Japanese 725 340 385 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 3,085 1,470 1,615 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,265 685 580 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 160 75 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 15 95 60 35
Ganda 30 20 15 105 60 45
Igbo 65 40 20 240 140 95
Lingala 90 50 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35 210 95 115
Shona 60 30 30 265 125 140
Swahili 345 165 180 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 245 150 95 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 115 105 300 150 150
Dinka 35 20 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 250 120 135
Sign languages 950 365 580 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 515 190 335 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 185 255 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,285 4,420 4,860 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 9,060 4,305 4,750 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,455 1,140 1,315 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,805 3,205 3,600 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 55 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 230 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 115 115 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 55 35 25 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 125 65 65 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 240 105 135 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 180 90 95 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 30 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 680 360 315 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 60 55 835 455 385
Turkish 505 270 230 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,675 800 880 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 55 30 20 495 205 295
Finnish 100 50 50 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,520 715 810 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 448,535 218,450 230,085 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,995 205,015 215,980 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 85,645 43,715 41,930 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 335,350 161,300 174,050 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,540 13,435 14,110 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 448,540 218,450 230,090 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 349,595 170,660 178,935 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 90,855 43,585 47,265 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 31,500 15,030 16,470 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 12,595 6,130 6,465 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 15,155 7,370 7,780 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 19,850 9,385 10,460 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,340 4,380 4,955 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,510 5,000 5,505 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,760 5,665 6,095 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,085 4,205 3,885 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 90,855 43,585 47,270 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 11,355 5,735 5,620 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 19,230 9,840 9,390 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 19,705 8,915 10,790 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 34,445 16,225 18,220 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 6,125 2,875 3,245 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 90,855 43,585 47,265 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 15,160 7,010 8,155 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 325 170 155 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,375 1,520 1,860 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,635 770 860 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 495 225 270 920 415 500
Haiti 105 50 55 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,160 600 560 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 620 275 345 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 140 55 85 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 630 295 335 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,060 1,775 2,285 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,620 1,275 1,340 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 38,930 18,795 20,135 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,150 595 555 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 880 440 440 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 285 135 150 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,345 1,155 1,190 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,160 595 565 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 915 425 490 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 615 335 280 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,270 1,195 1,075 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,320 1,605 1,720 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,480 2,075 2,405 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 4,525 2,260 2,265 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 970 480 485 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 530 235 295 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 545 285 260 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 650 260 385 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,350 4,785 5,570 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,935 1,935 1,995 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,320 2,685 2,640 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 50 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,075 570 505 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 310 145 165 1,665 835 825
Kenya 280 130 150 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 10 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 310 165 145 1,205 630 575
Somalia 225 115 115 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 480 265 215 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,515 1,230 1,290 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 31,080 14,875 16,215 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 610 305 310 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 325 155 165 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,860 1,700 2,165 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 695 330 365 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,370 1,705 1,660 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,145 550 595 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,740 1,375 1,360 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 195 65 130 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,115 1,005 1,110 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,750 915 840 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,545 780 770 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,290 845 1,445 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 260 120 140 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,125 1,050 1,080 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 170 70 105 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,670 735 935 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,220 3,185 3,035 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 360 230 130 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,760 5,665 6,095 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,930 860 1,075 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 40 25 15 960 445 520
Colombia 600 230 370 465 220 240
Cuba 65 30 35 70 35 30
Haiti 50 25 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 125 80 40 160 115 45
Mexico 95 35 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 500 235 265 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 35 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 375 165 215 1,855 875 975
Europe 945 490 455 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 30 15 15 790 415 370
Germany 45 20 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90