Census Profile, 2016 Census
Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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Characteristic Middlesex-London Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 455,526 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 439,151 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 203,349 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 190,045 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 137.3 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,317.27 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 455,530 221,235 234,290 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 74,835 38,190 36,650 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 24,180 12,415 11,765 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 25,745 13,155 12,595 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 24,910 12,615 12,295 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 303,940 149,230 154,710 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 27,295 13,870 13,420 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 34,370 17,430 16,940 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 31,780 15,915 15,865 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 29,815 14,605 15,210 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 27,810 13,585 14,225 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 27,575 13,430 14,145 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 29,515 14,395 15,120 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 34,495 16,795 17,700 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 32,955 15,805 17,155 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 28,335 13,400 14,935 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 76,745 33,815 42,930 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 24,880 11,655 13,225 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 18,035 8,340 9,690 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 13,245 6,025 7,215 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 9,860 4,135 5,725 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 10,740 3,665 7,075 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 6,475 2,465 4,015 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,365 985 2,375 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 790 195 595 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 105 15 90 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.5 66.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.8 15.3 18.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.7 39.5 41.8 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 38.9 41.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 104,350 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,990 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,235 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,805 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 21,045 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,555 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,575 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 250 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 475 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 190,045 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 57,590 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 65,535 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 28,095 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 25,010 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,815 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 448,535 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 380,690 183,045 197,645 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 210,825 105,275 105,555 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 176,265 87,995 88,265 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 34,560 17,270 17,285 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 169,860 77,775 92,090 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 111,310 58,920 52,395 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 12,640 5,375 7,270 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 24,300 9,190 15,110 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 21,610 4,285 17,325 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 125,590 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 64,310 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 26,520 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 23,755 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,000 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 125,590 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 103,290 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 86,015 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,275 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,300 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 17,870 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,430 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 103,290 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 50,690 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 52,600 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 20,225 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 22,000 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 10,375 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,300 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 13,620 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 6,300 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,375 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 86,210 40,245 45,965 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 120,870 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,980 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 71,895 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,320 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 66,850 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 57,595 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,260 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 450,290 219,135 231,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 412,845 203,370 209,480 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 230 105 120 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 30,820 13,020 17,795 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 6,400 2,635 3,755 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 450,290 219,135 231,155 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 436,700 213,200 223,500 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 5,285 2,410 2,880 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,055 965 1,090 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 6,240 2,565 3,680 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,315 2,890 3,430 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 450,290 219,135 231,155 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 442,250 215,195 227,050 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 358,065 174,825 183,240 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 352,755 172,420 180,330 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,315 2,405 2,910 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 84,180 40,375 43,810 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 135 45 85 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 65 20 40 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 20 35 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 50 20 30 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 55 15 35 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 50 15 30 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,045 40,320 43,720 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,075 6,675 6,400 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 5 0 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 235 105 125 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 12,785 6,535 6,255 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 260 130 130 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 10,620 5,435 5,190 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 525 520 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 140 80 60 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 205 105 95 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 250 130 125 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,535 1,155 1,375 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 780 360 420 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,755 795 955 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,935 740 1,195 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 25 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 170 75 95 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 135 65 70 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,485 555 930 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 70 30 40 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,370 725 645 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 55 30 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 830 420 410 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 330 170 160 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 145 95 50 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 50,120 24,000 26,120 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,020 530 490 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 95 45 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 11,930 5,570 6,360 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 240 100 145 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 85 35 50 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 160 60 100 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 11,685 5,470 6,215 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 10 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 630 315 315 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 75 35 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 860 425 435 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 380 180 205 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 95 40 55 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,490 2,535 2,955 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,385 630 755 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 830 430 405 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 175 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 345 155 185 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 965 445 520 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 35 15 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,710 3,495 4,215 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 70 35 35 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 200 100 95 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,620 1,675 1,950 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 80 30 40 1,240 630 620
German 3,365 1,480 1,885 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 75 40 35 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 225 90 135 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 1,815 895 920 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,750 4,530 4,220 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5,635 2,940 2,690 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 455 230 230 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 710 380 335 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 835 455 385 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 30 15 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 80 45 40 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 720 355 365 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,065 575 490 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 60 30 30 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,525 785 740 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,085 1,575 1,515 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 995 525 470 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 185 90 100 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 960 950 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 18,780 8,930 9,850 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 3,155 1,565 1,590 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 5,930 2,810 3,125 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 850 390 465 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,805 4,150 4,655 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 420 200 215
Japanese 230 90 140 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,760 1,280 1,480 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 340 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 10 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 20 10 10 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 10 760 360 400
Igbo 40 25 25 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 20 10 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 40 15 20 1,455 660 790
Swahili 130 60 70 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 65 35 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 85 110 1,610 810 800
Dinka 110 45 60 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 180 95 80 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 100 60 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 35 40 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,800 4,115 4,695 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 8,555 3,985 4,565 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,000 945 1,055 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 5,860 2,705 3,155 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 55 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 225 215 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 125 125 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 20 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 200 95 100 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 195 80 110 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 120 60 65 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 75 20 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 445 245 200 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 45 20 20 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 335 185 150 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 30 20 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,390 645 750 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 45 15 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 105 40 65 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,240 585 655 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 8,045 3,935 4,100 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,135 505 630 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 6,415 3,195 3,220 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 245 125 125 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 245 110 130 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 450,290 219,135 231,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 432,845 210,670 222,175 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 392,365 191,360 201,005 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 390,705 190,595 200,110 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,660 770 890 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 40,485 19,310 21,170 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 10 5 5 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,450 19,295 21,155 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,355 3,620 3,735 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 5 0 805 380 425
Somali 120 50 70 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 7,220 3,560 3,655 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 115 60 55 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 6,125 3,015 3,115 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 655 325 335 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 60 35 20 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 5 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 105 55 50 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,540 705 840 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 450 200 250 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,090 500 595 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 735 330 410 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 60 30 25 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 45 20 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 610 265 345 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 705 375 330 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 10 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 480 250 230 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 140 80 65 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 60 35 30 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 20,870 9,945 10,925 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 470 225 240 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 5,025 2,430 2,590 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 40 20 25 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 30 15 20 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,980 2,410 2,565 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 305 150 155 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 40 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 310 155 155 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 105 50 50 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 35 15 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,485 1,180 1,305 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 730 360 365 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 395 215 185 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 90 40 45 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 285 130 150 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 830 405 425 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 25 10 15 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 195 95 100 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 560 275 280 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 725 340 390 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,130 2,560 2,570 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,215 1,605 1,605 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 250 130 125 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 355 175 180 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 410 215 195 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 40 25 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 665 320 340 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 545 280 265 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 40 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 845 410 430 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,900 940 960 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 605 305 300 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 110 55 60 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,185 580 600 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 8,650 3,960 4,690 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 770 335 435 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,295 1,045 1,255 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 335 160 175 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,245 2,415 2,830 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 90 45 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 2,075 950 1,120 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 10 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 55 20 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 10 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 40 550 260 290
Dinka 30 15 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 215 120 90 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 105 60 45 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 110 65 50 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,965 2,785 3,180 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,800 2,705 3,095 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,155 535 620 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,255 1,970 2,280 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 155 130 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 10 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 135 70 70 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 40 20 20 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 25 15 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 225 115 110 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 165 80 85 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 20 15 10 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 355 170 180 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 340 165 175 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 17,445 8,465 8,975 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 740 335 405 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 16,205 7,910 8,300 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 90 35 55 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 410 190 215 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 450,290 219,135 231,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 399,545 194,890 204,655 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 18,055 8,815 9,240 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,840 1,960 2,880 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 26,925 13,025 13,895 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 220 85 135 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 26,705 12,940 13,760 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 195 90 105 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 280 150 125 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 445 205 235 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 373,870 180,350 193,525 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,485 172,910 185,575 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,533 38,615 29,592 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,555 172,910 185,645 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,595 34,702 27,277 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 318,360 156,000 162,355 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,369 38,365 27,208 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 264,905 118,725 146,180 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,020 2,709 6,236 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 261,945 133,740 128,200 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,744 37,027 29,178 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 373,870 180,360 193,515 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,440 172,805 185,645 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,431 50,886 38,423 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,520 172,805 185,720 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,228 41,775 32,998 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 318,565 156,060 162,510 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,677 51,075 36,572 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 265,185 119,285 145,905 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,587 6,895 8,154 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 261,940 133,465 128,480 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,549 48,215 36,664 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 373,875 180,360 193,515 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,715 68,805 56,910 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,786 55,926 47,710 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,334 66,907 54,596 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.4 90.8 83.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.2 73.6 65.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.6 9.2 16.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 373,870 180,350 193,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 15,390 7,445 7,940 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 358,485 172,910 185,575 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,665 24,305 28,360 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 61,850 25,495 36,355 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 49,800 20,725 29,075 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 41,375 18,445 22,935 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 38,520 18,290 20,235 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 29,050 14,960 14,090 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 22,040 12,260 9,775 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 15,645 8,835 6,805 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 11,680 6,710 4,970 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 10,935 5,860 5,070 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 24,925 17,020 7,905 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 16,970 11,240 5,730 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 7,950 5,775 2,175 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,870 180,350 193,525 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 15,315 7,435 7,880 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 358,560 172,915 185,645 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 54,110 24,655 29,455 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 64,620 26,705 37,920 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 57,625 24,435 33,190 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 50,690 23,305 27,390 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 42,530 21,200 21,330 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 29,175 16,070 13,105 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 19,270 11,070 8,200 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 15,195 8,400 6,795 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 25,340 17,070 8,265 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 8,660 5,355 3,305 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,075 3,420 1,655 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 11,600 8,295 3,300 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 373,870 180,350 193,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 111,930 46,605 65,320 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 261,945 133,740 128,200 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.2 66.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,985 19,045 18,940 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,965 12,050 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 35,045 16,055 18,990 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 28,430 13,135 15,295 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 27,120 12,300 14,820 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 26,570 12,865 13,705 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 20,570 10,975 9,590 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 15,735 8,930 6,805 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 11,470 6,675 4,795 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 36,990 23,785 13,205 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 9,325 5,340 3,990 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 9,180 4,985 4,190 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 18,485 13,460 5,025 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,797 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,589 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 57,590 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,592 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,320 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,450 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,278 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,500 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,802 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,232 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 57,590 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,363 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,384 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,450 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,949 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,514 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,965 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,430 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,075 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,735 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,840 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,055 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,455 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,760 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,625 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,505 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,610 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,995 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,460 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,080 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,075 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,385 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,790 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,335 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,110 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,145 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 190,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,135 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,485 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,155 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,095 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,940 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,110 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,925 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,300 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,245 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,855 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,765 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,625 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,040 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,990 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,690 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,690 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,220 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,850 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,615 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 125,145 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,933 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,698 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,990 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,564 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,010 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,970 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,494 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,411 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,005 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,657 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,759 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 125,140 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,768 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,842 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,975 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,937 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,890 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 53,055 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,475 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,412 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,955 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,130 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,193 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,785 36,735 41,050 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,465 29,270 29,596 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,201 26,893 27,419 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 77,655 37,005 40,650 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,474 40,690 38,367 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,543 34,019 33,109 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 448,540 218,450 230,085 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 233,295 111,140 122,150 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 55,745 27,145 28,605 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 46,185 20,845 25,335 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 43,840 20,725 23,115 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 43,920 21,175 22,750 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 43,600 21,255 22,350 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 215,245 107,310 107,935 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 44,030 21,620 22,410 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 43,905 21,700 22,210 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 44,795 22,430 22,370 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 43,520 21,740 21,780 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 38,995 19,820 19,175 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 448,380 218,370 230,010 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 89,930 45,905 44,020 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 29,035 14,910 14,120 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 286,585 140,115 146,470 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 71,865 32,350 39,520 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 77,045 36,095 40,950 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 20,130 10,285 9,840 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 7,070 3,640 3,430 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 48,535 22,820 25,720 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 8,375 2,990 5,385 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.5 17.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.4 22.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 24.3 24.4 24.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.9 16.3 17.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.2 13.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 45,835 22,660 23,170 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 10,400 5,330 5,070 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 3,800 1,965 1,830 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 33,730 16,620 17,105 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,705 710 995 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 10.4 10.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.9 11.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 448,535 218,450 230,090 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 442,160 215,890 226,270 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 441,850 215,730 226,120 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 30,975 13,095 17,875 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 104,660 50,480 54,180 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 325 100 220 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 170 55 115 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 50 95 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 150 50 95 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 140 40 95 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 10 0 10 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 115 35 75 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,345 50,380 53,970 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,955 8,735 8,220 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 10 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 415 180 235 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 10 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 395 170 230 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 16,510 8,540 7,970 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 410 215 200 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 14,450 7,485 6,965 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,360 680 680 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 120 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 335 185 150 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 265 130 130 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 410 200 215 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,395 1,565 1,830 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,155 565 585 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,260 1,010 1,245 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,605 1,010 1,595 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 20 10 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 130 35 95 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 15 25 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 235 90 145 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 185 95 90 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,285 855 1,425 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 220 105 110 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 915 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 160 80 80 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 565 290 275 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 210 115 95 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 64,180 30,895 33,285 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,140 580 560 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 145 60 85 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 14,130 6,945 7,190 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 300 145 160 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 135 75 65 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 165 70 95 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 13,845 6,810 7,040 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 75 40 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 930 515 425 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 85 35 55 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,310 665 645 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 465 245 225 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 160 70 90 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 6,460 3,155 3,305 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,360 1,125 1,240 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,360 710 650 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 465 210 250 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 425 210 215 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 135 165 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,145 505 630 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 135 65 70 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 60 20 30 1,480 720 765
Welsh 30 10 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 10,000 4,690 5,310 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 195 95 95 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 280 135 150 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,985 1,715 2,275 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 100 45 55 1,655 820 835
German 5,220 2,570 2,650 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 75 40 35 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 195 90 105 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 135 90 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 20 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,685 1,390 1,295 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,085 5,570 5,515 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 7,835 3,990 3,850 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 530 255 280 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 885 495 390 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,045 1,625 1,420 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 100 50 55 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 855 425 430 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,940 1,040 900 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 115 50 65 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 100 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 2,485 1,225 1,260 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 3,360 1,650 1,705 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 280 150 135 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,215 1,055 1,160 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 26,485 12,435 14,050 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 4,855 2,370 2,485 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 7,670 3,680 3,990 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,060 500 560 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,700 6,235 7,465 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 725 340 385 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 3,085 1,470 1,615 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,265 685 580 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 160 75 80 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 20 0 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 20 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 65 40 20 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 90 50 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 20 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 60 30 30 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 345 165 180 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 245 150 95 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 115 105 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 35 20 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 950 365 580 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 515 190 335 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 185 255 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,285 4,420 4,860 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 9,060 4,305 4,750 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,455 1,140 1,315 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 25 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 6,805 3,205 3,600 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 55 105 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 110 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 230 205 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 115 115 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 55 35 25 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 125 65 65 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 240 105 135 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 180 90 95 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 85 30 60 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 680 360 315 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 110 60 55 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 505 270 230 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 55 35 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 10 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,675 800 880 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 55 30 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 100 50 50 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,520 715 810 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 448,535 218,450 230,085 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,995 205,015 215,980 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 85,645 43,715 41,930 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 335,350 161,300 174,050 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,540 13,435 14,110 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 448,540 218,450 230,090 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 349,595 170,660 178,935 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 90,855 43,585 47,265 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 31,500 15,030 16,470 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 12,595 6,130 6,465 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,155 7,370 7,780 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 19,850 9,385 10,460 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,340 4,380 4,955 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,510 5,000 5,505 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,760 5,665 6,095 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,085 4,205 3,885 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 90,855 43,585 47,270 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 11,355 5,735 5,620 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 19,230 9,840 9,390 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 19,705 8,915 10,790 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 34,445 16,225 18,220 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,125 2,875 3,245 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 90,855 43,585 47,265 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 15,160 7,010 8,155 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 325 170 155 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 3,375 1,520 1,860 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,635 770 860 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 495 225 270 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 105 50 55 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,160 600 560 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 620 275 345 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 140 55 85 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 630 295 335 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,060 1,775 2,285 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,620 1,275 1,340 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 38,930 18,795 20,135 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,150 595 555 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 880 440 440 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 285 135 150 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,345 1,155 1,190 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,160 595 565 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 915 425 490 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 615 335 280 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,270 1,195 1,075 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 3,320 1,605 1,720 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,480 2,075 2,405 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,525 2,260 2,265 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 970 480 485 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 530 235 295 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 545 285 260 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 650 260 385 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,350 4,785 5,570 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,935 1,935 1,995 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,320 2,685 2,640 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 85 50 40 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,075 570 505 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 310 145 165 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 280 130 150 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 30 10 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 310 165 145 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 225 115 115 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 480 265 215 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,515 1,230 1,290 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 31,080 14,875 16,215 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 610 305 310 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 325 155 165 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,860 1,700 2,165 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 695 330 365 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,370 1,705 1,660 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,145 550 595 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,740 1,375 1,360 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 195 65 130 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,115 1,005 1,110 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,750 915 840 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,545 780 770 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,290 845 1,445 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 260 120 140 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,125 1,050 1,080 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 170 70 105 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,670 735 935 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 6,220 3,185 3,035 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 360 230 130 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,760 5,665 6,095 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,930 860 1,075 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 40 25 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 600 230 370 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 65 30 35 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 50 25 25 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 125 80 40 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 95 35 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 500 235 265 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 35 45 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 375 165 215 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 945 490 455 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 30 15 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 45 20 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480