Census Profile, 2016 Census
Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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Characteristic Middlesex-London Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Middlesex-London Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 455,526 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 439,151 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.7 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 203,349 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 190,045 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 137.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,317.27 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 455,530 221,235 234,290 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 74,835 38,190 36,650 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 24,180 12,415 11,765 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 25,745 13,155 12,595 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 24,910 12,615 12,295 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 303,940 149,230 154,710 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 27,295 13,870 13,420 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 34,370 17,430 16,940 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 31,780 15,915 15,865 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 29,815 14,605 15,210 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 27,810 13,585 14,225 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 27,575 13,430 14,145 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 29,515 14,395 15,120 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 34,495 16,795 17,700 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 32,955 15,805 17,155 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 28,335 13,400 14,935 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 76,745 33,815 42,930 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 24,880 11,655 13,225 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 18,035 8,340 9,690 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 13,245 6,025 7,215 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 9,860 4,135 5,725 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 10,740 3,665 7,075 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 6,475 2,465 4,015 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,365 985 2,375 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 790 195 595 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 105 15 90 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.5 66.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.8 15.3 18.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.7 39.5 41.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.3 38.9 41.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 190,045 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 104,350 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,990 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,235 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,805 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 21,045 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,555 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,575 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 250 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 475 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 190,045 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 57,590 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 65,535 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 28,095 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 25,010 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,815 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 448,535 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 380,690 183,045 197,645 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 210,825 105,275 105,555 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 176,265 87,995 88,265 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 34,560 17,270 17,285 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 169,860 77,775 92,090 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 111,310 58,920 52,395 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 12,640 5,375 7,270 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 24,300 9,190 15,110 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 21,610 4,285 17,325 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 125,590 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 64,310 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 26,520 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 23,755 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,000 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 125,590 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 103,290 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 86,015 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,275 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,300 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 17,870 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,430 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 103,290 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 50,690 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 52,600 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 20,225 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 22,000 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 10,375 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,300 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 13,620 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,300 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,375 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 86,210 40,245 45,965 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 190,045 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 120,870 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,980 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 71,895 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,320 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 66,850 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 57,595 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,260 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 450,290 219,135 231,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 412,845 203,370 209,480 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 230 105 120 1,810 820 985
English and French 30,820 13,020 17,795 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 6,400 2,635 3,755 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 450,290 219,135 231,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 436,700 213,200 223,500 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 5,285 2,410 2,880 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,055 965 1,090 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 6,240 2,565 3,680 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,315 2,890 3,430 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 450,290 219,135 231,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 442,250 215,195 227,050 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 358,065 174,825 183,240 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 352,755 172,420 180,330 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 5,315 2,405 2,910 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 84,180 40,375 43,810 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 135 45 85 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 65 20 40 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 20 35 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 50 20 30 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 35 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,045 40,320 43,720 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,075 6,675 6,400 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 205 115 95
Somali 235 105 125 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 12,785 6,535 6,255 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 260 130 130 1,370 670 700
Arabic 10,620 5,435 5,190 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 525 520 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 140 80 60 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 205 105 95 215 100 115
Tigrigna 250 130 125 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,535 1,155 1,375 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 780 360 420 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,755 795 955 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,935 740 1,195 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 80 25 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 170 75 95 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 135 65 70 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,485 555 930 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 30 40 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,370 725 645 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 55 30 25 280 150 135
Malayalam 830 420 410 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 330 170 160 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 145 95 50 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 50,120 24,000 26,120 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,020 530 490 1,465 765 705
Armenian 95 45 45 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 11,930 5,570 6,360 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 240 100 145 1,070 485 585
Latvian 85 35 50 565 255 300
Lithuanian 160 60 100 505 225 280
Slavic languages 11,685 5,470 6,215 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 10 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 630 315 315 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 75 35 40 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 860 425 435 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 380 180 205 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 95 40 55 325 160 165
Polish 5,490 2,535 2,955 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,385 630 755 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 830 430 405 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 175 1,395 670 725
Slovak 345 155 185 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 965 445 520 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 345 175 170
Celtic languages 35 15 20 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 240 130 110
Welsh 15 5 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,710 3,495 4,215 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 70 35 35 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 200 100 95 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 3,620 1,675 1,950 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 80 30 40 295 145 145
German 3,365 1,480 1,885 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 10 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 75 40 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 225 90 135 445 220 225
Yiddish 25 15 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 1,815 895 920 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 8,750 4,530 4,220 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 5,635 2,940 2,690 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 455 230 230 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 710 380 335 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 835 455 385 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 30 15 15 255 130 125
Marathi 80 45 40 620 325 295
Nepali 720 355 365 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,065 575 490 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 60 30 30 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,525 785 740 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 3,085 1,575 1,515 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 995 525 470 1,765 945 825
Pashto 185 90 100 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 960 950 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 18,780 8,930 9,850 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 3,155 1,565 1,590 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 5,930 2,810 3,125 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 850 390 465 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 8,805 4,150 4,655 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 105 65 40
Japanese 230 90 140 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 2,760 1,280 1,480 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 340 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 15 10 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 20 10 10 45 20 25
Ganda 20 10 10 90 45 45
Igbo 40 25 25 245 145 105
Lingala 20 10 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 155 70 80
Shona 40 15 20 215 100 115
Swahili 130 60 70 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 65 35 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 85 110 340 175 165
Dinka 110 45 60 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 240 115 125
Sign languages 180 95 80 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 100 60 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 35 40 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,800 4,115 4,695 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 8,555 3,985 4,565 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,000 945 1,055 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 15 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,860 2,705 3,155 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 55 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 225 215 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 125 125 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 30 20 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 200 95 100 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 195 80 110 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 120 60 65 1,100 550 550
Thai 75 20 50 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 445 245 200 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 45 20 20 530 290 235
Turkish 335 185 150 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 30 20 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,390 645 750 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 15 30 705 295 410
Finnish 105 40 65 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,240 585 655 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,045 3,935 4,100 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,135 505 630 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 6,415 3,195 3,220 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 245 125 125 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 245 110 130 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 450,290 219,135 231,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 432,845 210,670 222,175 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 392,365 191,360 201,005 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 390,705 190,595 200,110 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,660 770 890 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 40,485 19,310 21,170 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 10 5 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,450 19,295 21,155 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,355 3,620 3,735 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 120 50 70 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 7,220 3,560 3,655 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 115 60 55 600 275 320
Arabic 6,125 3,015 3,115 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 655 325 335 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 60 35 20 900 465 440
Maltese 15 5 10 15 5 10
Tigrigna 105 55 50 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,540 705 840 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 450 200 250 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,090 500 595 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 735 330 410 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 60 30 25 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 45 20 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 610 265 345 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 705 375 330 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 10 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 480 250 230 1,225 615 605
Tamil 140 80 65 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 60 35 30 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 20,870 9,945 10,925 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 470 225 240 695 335 360
Armenian 35 15 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,025 2,430 2,590 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 40 20 25 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 30 15 20 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,980 2,410 2,565 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 305 150 155 595 300 300
Bulgarian 40 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 310 155 155 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 105 50 50 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 35 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 2,485 1,180 1,305 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 730 360 365 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 395 215 185 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 500 235 265
Slovak 90 40 45 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 145 65 85
Ukrainian 285 130 150 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 830 405 425 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 195 95 100 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 560 275 280 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 725 340 390 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,130 2,560 2,570 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,215 1,605 1,605 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 250 130 125 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 355 175 180 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 410 215 195 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 40 25 20 270 140 130
Nepali 665 320 340 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 545 280 265 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 5 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 40 30 675 330 340
Urdu 845 410 430 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,900 940 960 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 605 305 300 1,080 540 535
Pashto 110 55 60 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,185 580 600 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 8,650 3,960 4,690 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 5 5 65 35 35
Italian 770 335 435 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,295 1,045 1,255 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 335 160 175 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,245 2,415 2,830 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 90 45 45 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 2,075 950 1,120 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 55 20 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 40 140 60 75
Dinka 30 15 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 215 120 90 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 105 60 45 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 110 65 50 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,965 2,785 3,180 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 5,800 2,705 3,095 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,155 535 620 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,255 1,970 2,280 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 155 130 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 135 70 70 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 35 1,380 595 785
Lao 40 20 20 460 225 235
Thai 25 15 15 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 225 115 110 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 165 80 85 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 20 15 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 355 170 180 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 340 165 175 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 17,445 8,465 8,975 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 740 335 405 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 16,205 7,910 8,300 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 90 35 55 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 410 190 215 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 450,290 219,135 231,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 399,545 194,890 204,655 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 18,055 8,815 9,240 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,840 1,960 2,880 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 26,925 13,025 13,895 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 220 85 135 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 26,705 12,940 13,760 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 195 90 105 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 280 150 125 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 445 205 235 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 373,870 180,350 193,525 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,485 172,910 185,575 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,533 38,615 29,592 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 358,555 172,910 185,645 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,595 34,702 27,277 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 318,360 156,000 162,355 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,369 38,365 27,208 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 264,905 118,725 146,180 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,020 2,709 6,236 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 261,945 133,740 128,200 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,744 37,027 29,178 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 373,870 180,360 193,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,440 172,805 185,645 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,431 50,886 38,423 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 358,520 172,805 185,720 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,228 41,775 32,998 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 318,565 156,060 162,510 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,677 51,075 36,572 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 265,185 119,285 145,905 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,587 6,895 8,154 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 261,940 133,465 128,480 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,549 48,215 36,664 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 373,875 180,360 193,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,715 68,805 56,910 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,786 55,926 47,710 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,334 66,907 54,596 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.4 90.8 83.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.2 73.6 65.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.6 9.2 16.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 373,870 180,350 193,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 15,390 7,445 7,940 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 358,485 172,910 185,575 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,665 24,305 28,360 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 61,850 25,495 36,355 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 49,800 20,725 29,075 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 41,375 18,445 22,935 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 38,520 18,290 20,235 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 29,050 14,960 14,090 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 22,040 12,260 9,775 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 15,645 8,835 6,805 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 11,680 6,710 4,970 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 10,935 5,860 5,070 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 24,925 17,020 7,905 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 16,970 11,240 5,730 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,950 5,775 2,175 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,870 180,350 193,525 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 15,315 7,435 7,880 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 358,560 172,915 185,645 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 54,110 24,655 29,455 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 64,620 26,705 37,920 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 57,625 24,435 33,190 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 50,690 23,305 27,390 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 42,530 21,200 21,330 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 29,175 16,070 13,105 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 19,270 11,070 8,200 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 15,195 8,400 6,795 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 25,340 17,070 8,265 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 8,660 5,355 3,305 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 5,075 3,420 1,655 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,600 8,295 3,300 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 373,870 180,350 193,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 111,930 46,605 65,320 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 261,945 133,740 128,200 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.2 66.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,985 19,045 18,940 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,965 12,050 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 35,045 16,055 18,990 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 28,430 13,135 15,295 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 27,120 12,300 14,820 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 26,570 12,865 13,705 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 20,570 10,975 9,590 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 15,735 8,930 6,805 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 11,470 6,675 4,795 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 36,990 23,785 13,205 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 9,325 5,340 3,990 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 9,180 4,985 4,190 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 18,485 13,460 5,025 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 190,045 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,797 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,589 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 57,590 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,592 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,320 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,450 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,278 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,500 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 190,045 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,802 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,232 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 57,590 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,363 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,384 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,450 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,949 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,514 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 190,045 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,965 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,430 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,075 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,735 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,840 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,055 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,455 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,760 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,625 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,505 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,610 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,995 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,460 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,080 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,075 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,385 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,790 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,335 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,110 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,145 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 190,045 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,135 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,485 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,155 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,095 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,940 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,110 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,925 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,300 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,245 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,855 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,765 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,625 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,040 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,990 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,690 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,690 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,220 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,850 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,615 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 125,145 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,933 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,698 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,990 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,564 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,010 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,970 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,494 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,411 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,005 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,657 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,759 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 125,140 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,768 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,842 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,975 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,937 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,890 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 53,055 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,475 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,412 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,955 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,130 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,193 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,785 36,735 41,050 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,465 29,270 29,596 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,201 26,893 27,419 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 77,655 37,005 40,650 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,474 40,690 38,367 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,543 34,019 33,109 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 448,540 218,450 230,085 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 233,295 111,140 122,150 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 55,745 27,145 28,605 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 46,185 20,845 25,335 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 43,840 20,725 23,115 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 43,920 21,175 22,750 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 43,600 21,255 22,350 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 215,245 107,310 107,935 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 44,030 21,620 22,410 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 43,905 21,700 22,210 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 44,795 22,430 22,370 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 43,520 21,740 21,780 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 38,995 19,820 19,175 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 448,380 218,370 230,010 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 89,930 45,905 44,020 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 29,035 14,910 14,120 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 286,585 140,115 146,470 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 71,865 32,350 39,520 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 77,045 36,095 40,950 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 20,130 10,285 9,840 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 7,070 3,640 3,430 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 48,535 22,820 25,720 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 8,375 2,990 5,385 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.5 17.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.4 22.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 24.3 24.4 24.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.9 16.3 17.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.2 13.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 45,835 22,660 23,170 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 10,400 5,330 5,070 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,800 1,965 1,830 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 33,730 16,620 17,105 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,705 710 995 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 10.4 10.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.9 11.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 448,535 218,450 230,090 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 442,160 215,890 226,270 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 441,850 215,730 226,120 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 30,975 13,095 17,875 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 104,660 50,480 54,180 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 325 100 220 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 170 55 115 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 50 95 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 150 50 95 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 10 0 10 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 140 40 95 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 115 35 75 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,345 50,380 53,970 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,955 8,735 8,220 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 415 180 235 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 15 10 10 245 140 110
Somali 395 170 230 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,510 8,540 7,970 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 410 215 200 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 14,450 7,485 6,965 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,360 680 680 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 120 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 335 185 150 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 265 130 130 315 155 155
Tigrigna 410 200 215 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,395 1,565 1,830 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,155 565 585 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,260 1,010 1,245 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,605 1,010 1,595 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 20 10 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 130 35 95 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 15 25 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 235 90 145 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 185 95 90 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,285 855 1,425 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 220 105 110 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 915 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 160 80 80 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 565 290 275 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 210 115 95 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 64,180 30,895 33,285 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,140 580 560 1,640 840 795
Armenian 145 60 85 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 14,130 6,945 7,190 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 300 145 160 1,030 515 520
Latvian 135 75 65 555 290 265
Lithuanian 165 70 95 475 220 250
Slavic languages 13,845 6,810 7,040 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 75 40 40 245 115 125
Bosnian 930 515 425 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 85 35 55 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,310 665 645 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 465 245 225 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 160 70 90 400 220 185
Polish 6,460 3,155 3,305 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,360 1,125 1,240 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,360 710 650 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 465 210 250 1,525 770 750
Slovak 425 210 215 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 135 165 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,145 505 630 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 135 65 70 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 60 20 30 660 395 265
Welsh 30 10 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 10,000 4,690 5,310 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 195 95 95 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 280 135 150 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,985 1,715 2,275 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 100 45 55 465 230 240
German 5,220 2,570 2,650 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 75 40 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 195 90 105 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 135 90 545 270 275
Yiddish 25 20 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 2,685 1,390 1,295 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 11,085 5,570 5,515 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 7,835 3,990 3,850 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 530 255 280 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 885 495 390 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,045 1,625 1,420 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 100 50 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 855 425 430 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,940 1,040 900 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 115 50 65 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 100 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 2,485 1,225 1,260 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 3,360 1,650 1,705 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 280 150 135 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,215 1,055 1,160 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 26,485 12,435 14,050 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,855 2,370 2,485 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 7,670 3,680 3,990 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,060 500 560 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 13,700 6,235 7,465 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 380 245 140
Japanese 725 340 385 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 3,085 1,470 1,615 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,265 685 580 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 160 75 80 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 20 0 15 150 95 50
Ganda 30 20 15 165 80 85
Igbo 65 40 20 425 240 185
Lingala 90 50 35 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35 290 125 165
Shona 60 30 30 415 220 195
Swahili 345 165 180 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 245 150 95 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 115 105 405 210 200
Dinka 35 20 20 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 325 155 165
Sign languages 950 365 580 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 515 190 335 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 185 255 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,285 4,420 4,860 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 9,060 4,305 4,750 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,455 1,140 1,315 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 0 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 6,805 3,205 3,600 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 55 105 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 110 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 230 205 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 115 115 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 55 35 25 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 125 65 65 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 240 105 135 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 180 90 95 1,630 735 890
Thai 85 30 60 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 680 360 315 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 110 60 55 945 510 435
Turkish 505 270 230 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 55 35 15 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,675 800 880 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 55 30 20 780 350 425
Finnish 100 50 50 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,520 715 810 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 448,535 218,450 230,085 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,995 205,015 215,980 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 85,645 43,715 41,930 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 335,350 161,300 174,050 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,540 13,435 14,110 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 448,540 218,450 230,090 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 349,595 170,660 178,935 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 90,855 43,585 47,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 31,500 15,030 16,470 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 12,595 6,130 6,465 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 15,155 7,370 7,780 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 19,850 9,385 10,460 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 9,340 4,380 4,955 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 10,510 5,000 5,505 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,760 5,665 6,095 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,085 4,205 3,885 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 90,855 43,585 47,270 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 11,355 5,735 5,620 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 19,230 9,840 9,390 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 19,705 8,915 10,790 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 34,445 16,225 18,220 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,125 2,875 3,245 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 90,855 43,585 47,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 15,160 7,010 8,155 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 325 170 155 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,375 1,520 1,860 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,635 770 860 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 495 225 270 1,305 600 710
Haiti 105 50 55 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,160 600 560 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 620 275 345 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 140 55 85 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 630 295 335 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,060 1,775 2,285 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,620 1,275 1,340 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 38,930 18,795 20,135 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,150 595 555 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 880 440 440 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 285 135 150 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,345 1,155 1,190 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,160 595 565 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 915 425 490 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 615 335 280 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,270 1,195 1,075 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 3,320 1,605 1,720 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,480 2,075 2,405 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,525 2,260 2,265 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 970 480 485 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 530 235 295 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 545 285 260 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 650 260 385 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,350 4,785 5,570 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,935 1,935 1,995 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 5,320 2,685 2,640 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 85 50 40 485 310 175
Egypt 1,075 570 505 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 310 145 165 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 280 130 150 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 30 10 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 310 165 145 1,740 925 815
Somalia 225 115 115 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 480 265 215 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,515 1,230 1,290 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 31,080 14,875 16,215 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 610 305 310 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 325 155 165 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,860 1,700 2,165 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 695 330 365 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,370 1,705 1,660 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,145 550 595 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,740 1,375 1,360 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 195 65 130 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,115 1,005 1,110 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,750 915 840 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,545 780 770 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,290 845 1,445 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 260 120 140 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,125 1,050 1,080 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 170 70 105 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,670 735 935 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 6,220 3,185 3,035 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 360 230 130 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,760 5,665 6,095 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,930 860 1,075 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 40 25 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 600 230 370 580 250 325
Cuba 65 30 35 140 60 80
Haiti 50 25 25 35 35 10
Jamaica 125 80 40 625 355 265
Mexico 95 35 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 500 235 265 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 35 45 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 375 165 215 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 945 490 455 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 30 15 15 970 510 460
Germany 45 20 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 45 15 30 690 310 380