Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oxford County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oxford County Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Oxford County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Oxford County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,862 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,719 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,350 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,266 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 54.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,039.61 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,860 54,745 56,115 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 19,715 10,140 9,575 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,470 3,295 3,175 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,620 3,420 3,205 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,630 3,430 3,200 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 70,465 35,280 35,185 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,720 3,445 3,280 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,430 3,295 3,140 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,365 3,200 3,160 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,640 3,395 3,245 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,560 3,295 3,265 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,695 3,345 3,345 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,005 3,540 3,470 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,495 4,150 4,345 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,270 4,035 4,235 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,290 3,590 3,695 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,685 9,325 11,360 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,495 3,110 3,385 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,870 2,320 2,550 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,705 1,720 1,980 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,790 1,170 1,625 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,825 1,000 1,820 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,790 705 1,080 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 800 240 560 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 205 50 160 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.6 64.4 62.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.7 17.0 20.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.8 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.3 40.9 43.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,265 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 31,955 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,925 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,160 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,325 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,680 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 785 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,255 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 225 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,265 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,285 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,735 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,490 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,065 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,695 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,155 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,145 44,605 46,540 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 56,625 28,320 28,305 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 47,415 23,720 23,695 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 9,210 4,600 4,610 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 34,515 16,285 18,230 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 20,685 11,585 9,105 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,755 1,240 1,515 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,175 2,235 2,945 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,900 1,230 4,675 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,460 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 17,215 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,335 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,835 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,070 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,460 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 27,910 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 23,305 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,605 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,555 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,485 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,065 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,910 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 14,525 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,385 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,970 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,450 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,965 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,555 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,695 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,365 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 495 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,325 7,385 7,935 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,265 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,290 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,050 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,245 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 575 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,395 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,285 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,115 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,720 54,370 55,355 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 104,690 52,215 52,475 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 30 10 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,565 1,920 2,650 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 430 220 215 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,725 54,365 55,355 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 108,245 53,670 54,575 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 960 450 510 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 100 45 55 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 415 210 210 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,010 470 540 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,720 54,365 55,355 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 108,875 53,950 54,925 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 99,290 49,240 50,055 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 98,190 48,730 49,455 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,100 505 595 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 9,585 4,715 4,870 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,575 4,715 4,860 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 125 70 50 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 120 75 50 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 100 55 45 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 80 100 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 165 70 90 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 150 45 100 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 0 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 15 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 30 80 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 20 10 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 50 25 25 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 40 15 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 10 10 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,040 4,005 4,040 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 15 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,105 505 595 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 45 20 20 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 35 20 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,055 485 575 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 30 20 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 55 25 30 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 700 305 390 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 50 20 25 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 50 25 25 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 30 15 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 90 45 40 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 0 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 5,160 2,540 2,615 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 0 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 25 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,685 1,350 1,340 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 65 35 30 295 145 145
German 2,165 1,055 1,110 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 190 80 110 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 95 50 45 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 375 195 180 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 345 180 165 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 10 10 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 90 50 40 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 25 15 15 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 75 70 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 65 35 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 30 15 15 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 15 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,275 695 575 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 335 175 155 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 500 265 245 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 90 50 45 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 335 200 135 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 60 30 35 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 130 60 70 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 0 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 200 95 105 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 190 90 100 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 65 35 30 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 90 40 50 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 0 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 30 10 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 10 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 10 15 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 490 235 255 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 15 10 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 465 220 245 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 850 415 435 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 150 65 85 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 675 340 335 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 10 0 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,725 54,370 55,355 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 108,175 53,625 54,545 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 105,135 52,145 52,990 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 104,910 52,040 52,870 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 225 105 115 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,040 1,480 1,560 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,040 1,480 1,555 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 30 20 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 50 35 20 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 50 30 20 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 5 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 55 60 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 115 50 60 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 20 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 30 15 20 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 30 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,320 1,140 1,175 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 10 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 350 155 190 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 10 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 340 155 185 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 5 0 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 265 120 140 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10 5 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 15 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,300 620 675 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 465 230 240 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 10 5 5 10 5 5
German 800 380 420 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 5
Greek 25 10 15 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 205 110 95 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 185 100 85 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 55 30 25 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 20 5 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 40 35 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 30 15 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 20 5 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 425 230 195 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 70 35 40 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 140 60 80 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 35 15 20 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 180 125 55 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 50 25 25 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 85 40 45 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 30 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 105 45 60 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 100 45 55 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 25 10 15 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 55 20 35 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 10 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 135 55 80 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 135 55 80 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,550 740 810 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 95 35 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,430 695 735 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 5 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,725 54,370 55,355 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 104,395 51,850 52,545 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,285 605 675 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 860 380 470 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,115 1,490 1,625 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 0 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,110 1,485 1,620 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 5 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 20 15 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 40 15 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,450 44,000 45,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,535 42,680 43,855 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,025 43,979 28,944 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,555 42,680 43,870 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,590 38,895 26,671 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,230 40,035 39,190 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,426 42,620 25,236 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,680 26,925 33,755 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,799 5,600 7,296 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,530 34,565 30,965 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,195 43,584 27,407 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,450 44,000 45,445 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,520 42,625 43,900 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,553 51,365 35,968 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,535 42,625 43,915 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,892 42,713 31,241 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,210 39,995 39,215 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,217 49,504 32,764 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,640 26,980 33,660 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,307 7,765 8,740 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,530 34,555 30,975 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,260 48,019 33,721 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,455 44,000 45,445 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 35,160 20,920 14,240 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,876 55,790 45,195 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,230 62,276 49,814 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.6 90.3 81.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.5 75.9 65.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.4 9.7 18.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,455 44,005 45,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,910 1,320 1,590 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 86,540 42,680 43,855 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 97.0 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,945 3,815 6,130 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 14,135 5,255 8,885 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,660 5,090 7,570 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,730 5,015 5,715 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,435 5,220 5,215 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 8,310 4,825 3,485 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,865 3,720 2,150 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,900 2,505 1,395 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,935 1,910 1,025 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,760 1,750 1,010 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,860 3,580 1,285 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,715 2,720 1,000 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,145 855 285 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,450 44,000 45,450 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,895 1,320 1,575 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 86,555 42,680 43,875 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.0 96.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,305 3,910 6,395 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 14,880 5,545 9,340 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,730 6,080 8,650 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,405 6,565 6,840 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 12,090 6,690 5,400 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,550 4,705 2,850 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,930 3,230 1,700 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,895 2,525 1,365 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,765 3,430 1,335 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,930 1,355 570 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,020 740 280 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,820 1,340 480 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,455 44,000 45,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 23,920 9,440 14,480 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 65,525 34,565 30,965 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.2 78.6 68.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,235 4,585 4,645 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,205 2,100 3,100 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,280 3,440 4,835 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,625 2,775 3,850 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,780 3,075 3,705 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,405 3,815 3,595 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 6,270 3,885 2,390 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,210 2,820 1,395 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,985 1,995 990 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,540 6,085 2,455 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,425 1,610 820 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,375 1,545 830 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,735 2,930 805 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,265 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,294 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,630 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,285 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,080 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,582 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,980 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,520 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,405 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,265 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,131 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,120 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,265 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,323 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,265 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,005 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,742 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,358 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,270 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 310 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 440 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 950 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,365 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,795 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,550 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,835 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,890 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,000 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,000 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,780 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,305 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,985 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,865 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,740 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,335 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,370 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,225 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,815 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,265 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 445 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 965 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,445 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,025 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,755 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,150 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,360 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,440 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,300 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,375 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,080 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,880 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,365 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,740 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,585 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,720 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,400 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,470 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,210 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,418 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,275 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,780 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,487 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,980 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,525 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,648 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,663 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,235 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,982 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,651 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,295 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,517 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,114 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,830 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,425 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,266 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,525 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,073 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,636 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,260 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,062 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,583 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,670 6,665 7,005 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,463 40,168 29,664 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,259 35,379 27,488 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,490 6,650 6,835 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,094 45,562 36,748 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,276 38,314 32,321 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 109,155 54,135 55,015 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 53,255 25,530 27,725 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,245 3,430 3,820 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,965 4,390 5,575 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 11,760 5,655 6,105 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,940 5,855 6,085 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,335 6,195 6,145 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 55,900 28,610 27,290 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,880 6,535 6,345 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 12,575 6,425 6,150 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,115 6,195 5,920 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,115 5,770 5,350 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,210 3,685 3,525 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,155 54,140 55,020 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 23,790 12,205 11,585 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,740 3,920 3,820 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 66,005 32,990 33,015 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 19,360 8,945 10,415 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,835 5,310 6,520 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,260 1,640 1,615 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,225 610 615 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,470 2,975 3,490 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,110 695 1,415 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.8 9.8 11.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 13.4 13.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.8 15.6 16.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.0 10.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.9 7.8 13.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,715 2,280 2,435 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,140 570 575 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 425 210 220 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,275 1,585 1,685 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 305 125 180 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.8 4.7 5.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 5.5 5.4 5.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 4.8 5.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.4 1.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,155 54,135 55,020 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 108,725 53,980 54,745 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 108,715 53,980 54,735 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 4,560 1,800 2,760 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 11,985 5,885 6,100 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 20 10 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 15 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,940 5,865 6,075 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 115 80 35 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 115 75 40 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 105 70 35 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 215 110 105 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 200 105 95 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 245 95 150 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 230 85 145 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 10 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 40 25 20 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 30 15 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 10 10 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,170 4,980 5,190 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 10 10 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,215 565 650 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,200 555 640 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 30 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 55 25 30 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 10 0 15 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 810 350 460 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 75 35 35 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 70 30 40 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 55 30 25 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 65 40 20 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 15 0 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 6,465 3,145 3,320 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 15 10 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 35 15 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,585 1,775 1,810 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 80 45 35 465 230 240
German 2,600 1,250 1,355 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 20 15 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 265 115 150 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 155 95 60
Greek 220 120 105 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 350 190 160 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 320 170 150 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 10 10 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 80 35 45 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 95 45 45 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 50 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 100 60 45 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 25 10 15 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,035 1,045 990 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 510 265 245 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 675 380 300 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 135 75 65 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 765 370 395 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 120 65 55 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 135 70 60 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 75 25 40 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 30 15 15 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 0 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 0 10 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 200 105 100 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 30 55 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125 75 45 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 135 70 70 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 125 65 60 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 45 25 20 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 55 25 35 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 10 10 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 20 10 15 1,630 735 890
Thai 15 0 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 20 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 25 20 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 540 270 270 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 20 15 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 515 250 265 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,155 54,135 55,015 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 106,810 53,005 53,805 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,700 12,105 11,600 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,110 40,895 42,210 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,345 1,130 1,210 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,155 54,135 55,020 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 98,090 48,730 49,355 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,785 5,230 5,555 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,045 2,880 3,165 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,400 685 715 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,470 725 745 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,355 685 665 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 735 375 365 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 615 315 300 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 520 260 260 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 280 175 105 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,785 5,235 5,555 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,650 820 830 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,835 1,415 1,425 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,665 1,250 1,420 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,195 1,510 1,680 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 440 240 205 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,785 5,230 5,555 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,720 850 870 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 15 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 80 45 40 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 30 20 15 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 70 40 35 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 10 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 155 95 60 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 450 255 200 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 25 10 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 35 20 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 620 240 380 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 195 95 100 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,685 3,720 3,960 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 30 20 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 60 35 25 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 30 15 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 580 280 300 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 80 45 30 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 235 135 105 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 55 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 245 120 125 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,385 1,150 1,235 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 505 220 285 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 400 205 200 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 190 100 90 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 45 20 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 45 15 35 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 35 15 15 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,120 985 1,130 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 615 305 310 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 195 95 95 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 15 10 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 50 25 25 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 50 30 20 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 70 35 35 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,170 550 620 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 10 0 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 20 15 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 60 30 35 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 10 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 255 140 120 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 10 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 25 10 20 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 50 45 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 25 15 10 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 75 45 35 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 210 65 145 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 10 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 130 45 80 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 220 120 105 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 15 15 10 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515 260 260 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 210 95 115 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 50 30 20 625 355 265
Mexico 20 15 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 20 50 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 45 20 30 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 90 60 35 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 10 0 10 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0