Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peel Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peel Regional Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Peel Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Peel Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,381,744 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,296,814 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 443,920 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 430,182 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,108.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,246.96 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,381,745 678,705 703,045 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 253,525 130,595 122,930 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 76,315 39,040 37,275 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 87,265 44,865 42,400 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 89,945 46,690 43,260 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 951,395 466,930 484,470 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 97,155 50,815 46,340 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 100,655 52,375 48,280 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 90,545 45,250 45,300 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 91,240 43,370 47,865 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 93,395 43,135 50,260 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 96,990 45,590 51,395 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 103,465 49,675 53,795 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 108,240 53,440 54,800 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 94,150 46,560 47,595 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 75,560 36,720 38,840 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 176,820 81,175 95,640 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 62,415 29,810 32,605 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 43,800 20,835 22,965 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 31,105 14,480 16,625 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 20,825 9,205 11,625 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 18,665 6,845 11,820 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 12,110 4,885 7,225 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 5,145 1,620 3,530 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,215 295 915 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 200 45 155 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.2 17.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.9 68.8 68.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 12.8 12.0 13.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 38.3 37.5 39.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.1 37.0 39.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 430,185 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,060 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80,780 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,970 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 51,040 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 56,145 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 19,700 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,970 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 375 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 430,185 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 68,345 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 104,350 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 81,815 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 94,060 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,610 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,372,645 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,128,220 548,105 580,110 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 661,470 330,300 331,170 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 613,325 306,250 307,075 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 48,145 24,055 24,095 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 466,745 217,805 248,945 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 335,565 178,520 157,045 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 28,030 10,895 17,130 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 51,765 18,655 33,115 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 51,390 9,735 41,660 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 386,185 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 141,605 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 95,020 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 104,930 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,625 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 386,190 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 320,525 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 296,475 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,050 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 65,665 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 53,940 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 11,720 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 320,525 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 104,775 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 215,750 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 75,015 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 98,465 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 42,270 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 65,665 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 36,830 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 20,005 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 8,830 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 148,300 67,285 81,015 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 430,180 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 316,915 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 78,440 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 238,475 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 32,910 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 80,360 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 68,345 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,015 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,375,805 676,520 699,285 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,233,210 618,480 614,730 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,155 490 660 1,810 820 985
English and French 86,405 37,050 49,350 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 55,035 20,500 34,540 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,375,805 676,525 699,285 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,295,380 644,520 650,860 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 13,765 6,230 7,540 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 12,440 5,675 6,765 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 54,225 20,105 34,120 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 19,980 9,065 10,920 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,375,805 676,520 699,285 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,305,310 641,790 663,520 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 674,500 335,190 339,305 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 662,455 329,715 332,745 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 12,045 5,480 6,565 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 630,805 306,595 324,215 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 70 35 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 5 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 10 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 10 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 630,745 306,560 324,180 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,455 21,365 21,085 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 55 30 25 115 75 45
Kabyle 35 15 20 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,500 650 850 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 85 45 45 205 115 95
Somali 1,395 600 795 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 15
Semitic languages 40,765 20,630 20,140 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 625 300 325 1,370 670 700
Arabic 34,310 17,435 16,870 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,115 1,545 1,570 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 240 260 440 245 200
Harari 70 30 30 20 5 15
Hebrew 105 65 40 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 1,385 675 710 215 100 115
Tigrigna 345 165 180 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 315 165 150 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 70 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,020 7,015 8,000 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 145 180 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 14,660 6,860 7,800 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 35,515 14,970 20,540 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 95 45 50 375 165 215
Cebuano 995 435 565 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 15 10 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 360 135 225 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 1,170 480 685 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 1,305 585 720 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 380 180 200 700 320 380
Pangasinan 80 35 40 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,895 12,960 17,935 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 60 30 30 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 65 75 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 1,640 810 825 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 1,000 505 495 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 615 290 325 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 33,080 16,325 16,750 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 955 455 500 280 150 135
Malayalam 5,595 2,800 2,790 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 22,780 11,115 11,665 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 3,610 1,885 1,725 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 432,870 213,375 219,500 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 2,670 1,360 1,310 1,465 765 705
Armenian 750 375 370 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 64,830 30,620 34,205 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 830 355 480 1,070 485 585
Latvian 190 85 105 565 255 300
Lithuanian 640 270 370 505 225 280
Slavic languages 64,000 30,270 33,730 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 30 15 20 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,295 645 650 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,330 665 665 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 6,340 3,135 3,205 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 945 445 500 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,630 790 845 325 160 165
Polish 32,100 14,975 17,120 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 5,825 2,625 3,205 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 4,485 2,220 2,265 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 585 285 300 1,395 670 725
Slovak 1,050 490 555 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,115 525 595 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 7,155 3,395 3,755 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 345 175 170
Celtic languages 65 25 40 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 20 240 130 110
Welsh 15 5 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,660 3,375 4,285 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 115 50 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 290 130 160 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,805 785 1,025 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 40 10 30 295 145 145
German 5,130 2,290 2,845 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 45 20 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 145 55 90 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 3,415 1,705 1,720 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 269,670 135,845 133,820 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 258,345 130,120 128,230 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 6,455 3,205 3,250 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 24,700 12,275 12,425 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 24,190 11,980 12,210 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 105 60 50 65 35 25
Konkani 1,050 500 555 255 130 125
Marathi 2,015 1,005 1,010 620 325 295
Nepali 1,895 950 945 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 215 110 100 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 134,460 68,250 66,210 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,540 750 785 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,765 1,345 1,425 1,675 845 830
Urdu 58,955 29,690 29,270 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 10,705 5,420 5,285 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 300 180 120 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,835 935 900 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 8,565 4,300 4,270 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 620 310 310 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 83,815 40,065 43,755 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 24,420 12,155 12,265 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 27,680 13,215 14,465 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 3,600 1,705 1,900 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 28,075 12,970 15,110 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 105 65 40
Japanese 1,050 395 650 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 40 25 20 85 50 35
Georgian 40 25 20 85 50 40
Korean 5,215 2,455 2,760 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 30 15 20 360 150 205
Mongolian 30 15 15 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 7,645 3,570 4,080 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 3,430 1,595 1,835 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 265 110 150 85 50 35
Ewe 130 60 70 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 10 45 25 20
Ga 185 85 95 45 20 25
Ganda 95 40 55 90 45 45
Igbo 550 275 270 245 145 105
Lingala 55 25 30 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 25 40 155 70 80
Shona 170 80 90 215 100 115
Swahili 560 250 315 805 400 405
Wolof 35 10 20 50 25 25
Yoruba 1,295 640 660 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 705 315 390 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 40 25 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 240 115 125
Sign languages 280 150 135 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 90 50 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 49,980 23,310 26,670 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 49,495 23,075 26,420 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 19,885 9,240 10,645 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 475 215 260 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 25,860 12,120 13,735 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 35 20 20 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,460 660 800 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 625 275 350 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,140 530 605 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 480 235 245 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 200 90 110 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 5 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 190 95 100 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 875 360 515 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 640 295 345 1,100 550 550
Thai 235 65 175 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,850 935 920 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 75 35 40 530 290 235
Turkish 1,605 820 790 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 90 40 45 170 85 85
Uzbek 45 20 25 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 2,890 1,325 1,560 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 210 100 115 705 295 410
Finnish 225 90 135 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 2,450 1,135 1,310 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 115 125 500 280 225
Multiple responses 70,495 34,730 35,760 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 3,220 1,455 1,765 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 64,105 31,890 32,210 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,320 565 750 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,855 820 1,035 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,375,805 676,520 699,280 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,202,805 591,040 611,765 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 843,855 416,880 426,970 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 838,130 414,215 423,915 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 5,730 2,670 3,055 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 358,945 174,155 184,790 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 10 10 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 358,920 174,140 184,780 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,740 11,135 11,610 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 10 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 660 295 365 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 90 50 45
Somali 630 280 350 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 22,000 10,800 11,200 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 250 115 135 600 275 320
Arabic 18,915 9,320 9,600 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,865 910 955 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 265 130 140 310 165 145
Harari 25 15 15 10 5 5
Hebrew 30 15 15 900 465 440
Maltese 330 150 180 15 5 10
Tigrigna 135 60 75 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,090 4,700 5,385 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 75 800 375 420
Vietnamese 9,925 4,625 5,300 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 5 15 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 14,735 6,645 8,090 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 345 160 185 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 95 45 55 415 175 240
Ilocano 375 175 210 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 470 225 250 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 5 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,275 5,965 7,310 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 10 10 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 925 460 465 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 645 330 320 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 125 145 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 20,325 9,875 10,445 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 430 210 220 110 55 60
Malayalam 2,905 1,440 1,465 1,225 615 605
Tamil 14,935 7,155 7,780 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 2,005 1,045 955 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 244,765 119,950 124,810 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 1,340 670 670 695 335 360
Armenian 315 145 165 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 33,815 16,145 17,665 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 265 110 155 210 90 115
Latvian 45 20 25 80 30 50
Lithuanian 220 90 130 125 60 65
Slavic languages 33,550 16,035 17,520 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 705 345 365 595 300 300
Bulgarian 785 390 395 1,035 485 550
Croatian 2,495 1,230 1,270 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 340 170 170 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 760 380 380 150 75 75
Polish 17,660 8,375 9,285 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 3,610 1,695 1,915 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 2,545 1,240 1,305 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 250 120 130 500 235 265
Slovak 330 155 180 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 125 130 145 65 85
Ukrainian 3,755 1,795 1,960 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 710 310 400 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 20 10 15 305 145 160
Dutch 105 40 65 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 5 10 5 5
German 515 230 285 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 25 15 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 1,065 490 580 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 172,780 86,020 86,760 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 166,315 82,875 83,435 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 3,825 1,860 1,965 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 14,885 7,255 7,635 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 12,255 6,000 6,250 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 25 10 15 10 5 5
Konkani 215 100 115 40 25 25
Marathi 960 495 465 270 140 130
Nepali 1,245 625 625 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 50 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 94,880 47,725 47,155 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 725 350 370 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,260 625 640 675 330 340
Urdu 35,935 17,785 18,155 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 6,230 3,030 3,195 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 155 90 65 1,080 540 535
Pashto 1,015 505 510 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 5,055 2,435 2,625 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 34,735 16,175 18,555 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 6,370 2,815 3,555 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 11,045 5,235 5,810 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,685 800 885 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 15,620 7,315 8,300 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 565 260 305 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 20 5 10 30 15 10
Georgian 20 5 10 30 15 15
Korean 3,545 1,705 1,840 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 15 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 15 5 10 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,620 1,170 1,445 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 1,485 655 830 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 65 20 45 15 10 10
Ewe 40 20 20 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 5 10
Ga 60 30 25 5 5 0
Ganda 35 20 15 10 5 5
Igbo 120 60 55 40 20 15
Lingala 10 0 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10 60 25 35
Shona 75 40 35 65 25 40
Swahili 140 65 80 200 90 115
Wolof 15 10 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 425 185 240 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 460 270 195 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 165 90 75 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 175 115 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,720 16,795 18,920 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 35,440 16,660 18,780 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 13,605 6,215 7,395 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 145 70 80 700 295 410
Mandarin 19,955 9,590 10,365 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 275 350 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 395 180 215 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 685 325 370 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 280 140 140 1,745 885 865
Burmese 125 60 55 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 5 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 140 70 70 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 1,380 595 785
Lao 305 140 165 460 225 235
Thai 75 35 40 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 990 485 510 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 20 5 10 195 105 95
Turkish 875 425 450 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 60 30 25 95 50 50
Uzbek 25 15 10 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 940 455 480 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 890 430 455 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 145 70 75
Multiple responses 173,000 85,485 87,520 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,010 1,335 1,675 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 166,325 82,545 83,780 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 560 255 310 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 3,105 1,350 1,755 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,375,805 676,525 699,280 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,023,780 503,265 520,510 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 156,995 79,355 77,635 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 9,500 3,945 5,555 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 179,130 86,855 92,280 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 30 10 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 179,105 86,840 92,260 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 985 455 535 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 3,705 1,895 1,810 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 1,650 720 930 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 45 20 25 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,119,405 544,800 574,610 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,150 513,515 539,635 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,715 35,812 26,687 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,320 513,545 539,780 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,405 32,554 25,077 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 927,385 467,335 460,055 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,381 36,866 26,509 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 757,280 333,870 423,410 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 917 3,855 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 805,205 415,995 389,210 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,467 38,017 29,520 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,655 513,720 539,935 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,651 49,339 36,287 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,850 513,760 540,090 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,665 40,372 31,187 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 927,480 467,590 459,895 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,405 50,495 36,196 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 756,500 333,300 423,195 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,189 5,207 6,962 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 805,200 416,415 388,780 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,132 50,326 37,498 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,705 216,620 168,090 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,426 56,821 47,980 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,269 68,999 55,885 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 93.1 85.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 82.4 74.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 6.9 15.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,119,405 544,800 574,605 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 66,255 31,285 34,970 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,053,150 513,515 539,640 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.3 93.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 191,530 84,220 107,310 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 188,640 79,650 108,985 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 137,135 61,310 75,825 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 114,220 53,100 61,115 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 100,860 47,705 53,155 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 79,595 40,600 38,995 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 60,400 33,500 26,900 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 45,665 27,005 18,665 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 34,810 20,950 13,855 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 28,145 16,180 11,965 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 72,160 49,295 22,870 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 49,840 33,115 16,725 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 22,320 16,175 6,140 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,119,405 544,800 574,605 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 66,085 31,250 34,830 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,053,320 513,545 539,775 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.3 93.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 194,025 85,005 109,020 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 196,450 83,475 112,970 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 158,705 71,470 87,235 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 136,285 64,330 71,955 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 116,675 57,980 58,700 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 81,695 45,025 36,675 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 56,400 33,620 22,780 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 40,930 24,045 16,885 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 72,150 48,595 23,560 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 25,195 15,585 9,610 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 14,375 9,730 4,645 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 32,575 23,275 9,300 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,119,410 544,800 574,610 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 314,200 128,810 185,400 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 805,200 415,990 389,210 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.9 76.4 67.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,205 46,060 52,145 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 67,290 29,650 37,640 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 113,910 54,995 58,915 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 91,845 43,770 48,070 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 86,550 41,100 45,445 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 79,515 38,590 40,925 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 64,615 34,270 30,345 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 49,530 28,435 21,100 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 38,530 23,475 15,055 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 115,205 75,635 39,570 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 30,230 18,580 11,650 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 25,115 14,535 10,580 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 59,860 42,515 17,345 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 430,180 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,233 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,667 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 68,345 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,872 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,934 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 361,835 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,262 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,394 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 430,180 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,466 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,371 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 68,310 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,872 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,786 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 361,865 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,394 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,788 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 430,185 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,140 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,850 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,350 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,215 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,845 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,180 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,245 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,890 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,345 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,075 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,355 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,245 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,190 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,490 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,000 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,100 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,635 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 46,050 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,215 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 430,185 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,470 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,925 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,480 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,150 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,275 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,150 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,935 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,795 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,360 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,795 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,760 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,015 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 35,070 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,115 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,845 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,040 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,420 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,210 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,405 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 356,440 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,869 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,175 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 75,970 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,464 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,996 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 214,130 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,391 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,547 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 54,715 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,602 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,948 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 356,135 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,319 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,798 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 75,955 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,227 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,650 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 214,065 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,895 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,923 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 54,350 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,017 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,750 51,105 51,650 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,735 36,964 32,735 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,494 33,087 30,000 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,550 51,120 51,430 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,684 46,348 43,031 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,293 38,195 36,397 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,372,645 675,245 697,400 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 665,175 322,535 342,640 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 116,650 57,145 59,500 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 130,265 61,780 68,485 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 135,535 65,185 70,350 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 139,815 68,275 71,540 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 142,910 70,155 72,755 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 707,470 352,710 354,755 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 143,920 70,860 73,065 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 145,155 71,660 73,495 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 145,655 72,545 73,110 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 147,830 74,125 73,710 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 124,905 63,520 61,390 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,372,645 675,245 697,395 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 309,765 159,880 149,885 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 92,550 47,395 45,155 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 892,655 436,175 456,485 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 170,225 79,195 91,025 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 175,980 84,210 91,775 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 56,075 29,155 26,925 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 17,865 9,240 8,630 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 102,300 48,005 54,295 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 17,605 7,055 10,555 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.5 13.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.2 18.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.5 19.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.0 11.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.9 11.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 138,555 67,485 71,075 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 41,810 21,745 20,060 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 13,450 6,955 6,495 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 85,755 41,550 44,210 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 10,990 4,185 6,805 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.6 13.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.7 14.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.5 9.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.3 7.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,372,640 675,240 697,395 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,317,720 654,715 663,005 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,316,720 654,330 662,390 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 87,030 37,420 49,610 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 788,820 384,845 403,975 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 115 50 70 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 90 30 55 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 20 15 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 25 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 20 0 20 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 10 0 10 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 788,710 384,800 403,910 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 56,265 28,545 27,720 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 55 35 20 145 95 45
Kabyle 35 20 10 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 2,400 1,050 1,345 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 10 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 120 50 70 245 140 110
Somali 2,250 990 1,260 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 10 0 10
Semitic languages 53,875 27,485 26,390 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,120 510 610 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 47,510 24,415 23,100 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,865 1,965 1,905 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 705 320 385 570 285 285
Harari 145 70 75 55 35 20
Hebrew 595 355 235 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 1,760 830 925 315 155 155
Tigrigna 540 240 295 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 395 180 215 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 260 115 150 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,070 8,995 10,075 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 355 135 220 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 18,715 8,870 9,850 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 30 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 44,845 18,965 25,880 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 100 40 55 530 215 310
Cebuano 1,650 700 950 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 20 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 485 175 315 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 1,605 615 990 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 10 0 25 15 10
Malay 2,120 995 1,130 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 450 195 255 855 365 495
Pangasinan 85 40 45 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,965 17,665 24,295 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 55 25 35 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 175 95 80 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 5,260 2,500 2,765 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 115 60 50 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 2,850 1,400 1,455 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,310 1,045 1,270 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 45,185 22,675 22,510 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 2,185 1,075 1,110 510 250 265
Malayalam 7,315 3,665 3,650 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 32,555 16,260 16,295 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 5,395 2,855 2,545 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240 135 110 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 549,445 271,915 277,530 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 3,055 1,575 1,480 1,640 840 795
Armenian 950 465 485 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 74,415 35,615 38,800 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 1,010 445 570 1,030 515 520
Latvian 240 95 145 555 290 265
Lithuanian 775 355 420 475 220 250
Slavic languages 73,605 35,255 38,350 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 115 65 55 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,885 940 945 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,580 820 760 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 8,820 4,285 4,535 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,205 590 615 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 2,265 1,120 1,145 400 220 185
Polish 37,890 18,035 19,855 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 10,250 4,965 5,280 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 5,745 2,905 2,845 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 600 290 310 1,525 770 750
Slovak 1,390 670 730 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,385 610 780 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 9,775 4,540 5,230 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 420 215 205
Celtic languages 175 70 105 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 80 30 55 660 395 265
Welsh 15 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 860 450 410
Germanic languages 12,260 5,845 6,415 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 530 260 275 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 335 175 160 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,215 1,005 1,210 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 50 10 40 465 230 240
German 8,915 4,295 4,620 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 165 75 90 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 310 150 165 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 5,060 2,620 2,440 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 345,715 174,545 171,170 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 334,485 168,990 165,495 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 8,085 4,005 4,080 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 33,100 16,375 16,725 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 108,315 54,520 53,795 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 255 125 130 60 30 25
Konkani 2,630 1,155 1,470 415 215 200
Marathi 4,110 2,120 1,990 1,475 780 695
Nepali 2,175 1,085 1,085 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180,750 92,565 88,185 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 2,410 1,150 1,255 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,630 2,345 2,285 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 88,135 44,685 43,450 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 12,930 6,365 6,560 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 370 210 160 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,240 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 10,570 5,170 5,400 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,330 695 630 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 113,435 53,990 59,445 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 35 15 20 395 210 180
Italian 35,875 17,640 18,235 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 35,860 17,140 18,720 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 4,280 2,065 2,215 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 41,335 19,005 22,335 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 380 245 140
Japanese 1,860 855 1,000 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 75 35 35 115 55 60
Georgian 75 40 35 115 55 55
Korean 5,790 2,665 3,120 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 370 170 200
Mongolian 45 20 30 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 14,965 7,115 7,845 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 5,425 2,515 2,910 630 350 280
Bamanankan 50 20 40 30 20 15
Edo 570 275 290 145 80 60
Ewe 150 60 90 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 120 65 55 105 30 70
Ga 430 235 195 150 95 50
Ganda 160 70 85 165 80 85
Igbo 1,045 505 540 425 240 185
Lingala 480 205 275 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 35 65 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 170 60 110 290 125 165
Shona 235 90 140 415 220 195
Swahili 2,240 1,125 1,120 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 95 40 55 50 25 30
Yoruba 3,185 1,555 1,625 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,490 740 750 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 50 25 405 210 200
Dinka 10 10 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,085 480 600 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 520 190 330 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 580 300 280 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 57,520 27,005 30,520 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 56,900 26,670 30,235 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 25,455 11,825 13,630 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 510 235 275 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 34,605 16,080 18,525 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 60 25 40 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,925 905 1,015 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 860 405 460 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,190 530 665 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 345 300 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 185 85 95 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 290 155 130 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,225 580 645 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 900 445 450 1,630 735 890
Thai 430 180 255 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,525 1,285 1,230 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 80 30 45 945 510 435
Turkish 2,265 1,180 1,080 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 130 50 80 115 60 55
Uzbek 45 20 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 275 140 130
Uralic languages 3,250 1,480 1,765 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 265 110 150 780 350 425
Finnish 280 140 140 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 2,705 1,230 1,475 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 665 355 310 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,372,645 675,245 697,395 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,192,495 587,865 604,630 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 283,905 146,305 137,600 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 908,585 441,560 467,025 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 180,145 87,380 92,770 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,372,645 675,245 697,400 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 642,835 323,770 319,070 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 706,840 339,405 367,430 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 134,265 63,405 70,865 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 94,105 45,615 48,490 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 171,225 82,550 88,675 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 213,135 102,330 110,810 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 113,910 54,845 59,065 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 99,225 47,490 51,740 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 94,105 45,515 48,595 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 22,970 12,070 10,895 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 706,840 339,405 367,430 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 60,825 30,760 30,060 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 116,450 59,505 56,945 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 159,265 70,515 88,750 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 291,165 142,250 148,910 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 79,140 36,375 42,765 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 706,840 339,410 367,430 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 112,715 50,450 62,265 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 1,510 630 875 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 4,745 2,170 2,570 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 2,420 1,195 1,225 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20,875 9,665 11,215 1,305 600 710
Haiti 440 255 180 570 250 315
Jamaica 35,320 15,090 20,225 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,885 740 1,145 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 2,000 870 1,130 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 14,255 6,385 7,870 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,865 4,225 4,640 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 20,405 9,230 11,175 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 132,035 63,140 68,895 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,080 1,580 1,495 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 4,430 2,125 2,305 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 1,005 445 555 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,425 2,085 2,335 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,410 1,220 1,190 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,365 615 745 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,510 650 860 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 16,575 8,505 8,065 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,640 750 885 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 26,005 12,115 13,890 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 21,190 10,280 10,905 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 3,685 1,740 1,940 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 2,655 1,180 1,480 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,525 1,270 1,250 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 4,990 2,275 2,715 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,405 9,910 11,495 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 13,155 6,370 6,780 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 40,840 19,970 20,865 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 300 160 150 485 310 175
Egypt 10,060 5,135 4,925 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 1,015 465 550 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 3,380 1,545 1,835 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 445 220 230 985 535 455
Nigeria 6,280 3,145 3,130 1,740 925 815
Somalia 1,260 500 755 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,685 770 915 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 16,400 8,025 8,375 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 419,550 205,085 214,460 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 5,160 2,525 2,635 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 4,380 2,135 2,245 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,265 12,080 14,185 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,220 3,835 4,385 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 181,400 90,345 91,055 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,510 1,815 1,695 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 10,810 5,470 5,350 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 715 255 465 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,715 2,200 2,505 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,860 2,040 1,820 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 55,225 28,045 27,185 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 43,165 18,765 24,395 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 21,315 10,590 10,725 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,735 1,880 1,850 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 2,125 950 1,175 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 15,470 7,245 8,225 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 29,480 14,900 14,575 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,705 760 945 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,105 45,515 48,590 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 10,245 4,995 5,250 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 210 80 130 1,145 525 615
Colombia 845 420 425 580 250 325
Cuba 290 110 180 140 60 80
Haiti 150 80 65 35 35 10
Jamaica 3,005 1,585 1,425 625 355 265
Mexico 460 205 255 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,885 935 955 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 410 195 215 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,985 1,380 1,605 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 4,600 2,135 2,465 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 95 45 55 970 510 460
Germany 125 60 55 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 55 55 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 245 120 125
Romania 200 75 <