Census Profile, 2016 Census
Porcupine Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Porcupine Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Porcupine Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Porcupine Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 84,201 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 84,223 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,653 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,270 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.3 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 271,922.40 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 84,195 41,955 42,240 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 14,850 7,525 7,325 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,920 2,450 2,470 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,125 2,595 2,530 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,800 2,470 2,330 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 55,295 27,880 27,415 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 5,145 2,665 2,475 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 4,995 2,580 2,410 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 5,105 2,570 2,540 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 4,900 2,450 2,445 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 4,820 2,355 2,465 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 4,980 2,485 2,495 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 5,495 2,700 2,800 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 6,895 3,445 3,455 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,080 3,605 3,475 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,875 3,020 2,855 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 14,055 6,555 7,500 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,795 2,410 2,385 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,450 1,725 1,730 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,425 1,065 1,355 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,820 785 1,035 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,565 570 1,000 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,020 415 600 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 450 135 310 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 85 15 70 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 17.9 17.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.7 66.5 64.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.6 17.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.4 41.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.8 43.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,270 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,515 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 710 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,465 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,970 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 945 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,515 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,880 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 580 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,270 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 10,295 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 13,155 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 5,075 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 4,300 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,450 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 83,000 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 69,350 34,435 34,915 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 41,655 20,830 20,825 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 31,135 15,600 15,525 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,520 5,225 5,295 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 27,690 13,605 14,090 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 17,240 9,815 7,430 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,405 1,150 1,260 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,345 1,590 1,755 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,705 1,050 3,655 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 24,760 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 13,690 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 5,065 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 4,115 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,890 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 24,765 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 20,490 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 15,230 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,265 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,270 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,130 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,145 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,490 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 11,150 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 9,345 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 3,895 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 3,730 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,720 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,270 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,540 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,175 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 555 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,635 6,905 6,735 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,270 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,510 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,770 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,740 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 600 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,160 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 10,295 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 865 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 83,435 41,625 41,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 37,895 19,600 18,290 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 3,690 1,760 1,930 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 41,610 20,160 21,455 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 230 100 130 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 83,430 41,630 41,805 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 48,665 24,585 24,085 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 34,070 16,705 17,365 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 480 240 235 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 215 95 120 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 34,310 16,825 17,480 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 41.1 40.4 41.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 83,430 41,625 41,805 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 81,240 40,555 40,680 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 74,840 37,390 37,450 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 40,710 20,660 20,045 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 34,135 16,725 17,405 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 6,395 3,165 3,230 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 4,070 2,050 2,025 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 4,060 2,045 2,015 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 3,920 1,965 1,950 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 45 25 20 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 165 60 110 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 3,695 1,880 1,810 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 75 70 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 10 5 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 100 60 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 25 10 15 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,325 1,120 1,205 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 35 20 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 5 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 50 35 15 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 5 0 0 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 45 30 15 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5 5 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 0 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 20 5 15 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 160 45 115 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 0 0 5 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 5 0 5 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 0 0 5 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 45 105 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5 0 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 0 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 10 5 0 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 25 10 10 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 0 0 0 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 1,565 770 795 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 5 0 5 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 0 0 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 380 180 205 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 15 10 5 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 5 5 5 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 10 5 0 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 365 170 195 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 5 5 0 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 95 40 55 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 5 0 0 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 0 0 0 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 120 50 70 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 30 15 15 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 5 5 5 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 15 10 5 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 50 25 25 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 415 225 195 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 5 5 0 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 65 40 25 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 310 155 160 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 5 10 0 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 10 5 5 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 170 90 75 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 150 80 65 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 0 5 0 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 55 30 25 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 25 10 10 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 0 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 25 10 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 10 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 0 0 0 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 30 15 10 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 15 15 5 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 5 0 0 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 5 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 585 270 310 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 385 185 200 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 70 35 40 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 25 15 20 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 100 40 60 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 5 5 5 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 15 10 10 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 45 25 20 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 0 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 5 5 0 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 5 5 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 80 85 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 170 80 85 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 95 45 50 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 40 20 15 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 5 0 0 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 0 0 0 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 225 110 115 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 0 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 200 95 110 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 20 10 5 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,195 1,065 1,125 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,540 765 775 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 610 285 325 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 25 10 15 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 83,430 41,625 41,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 80,690 40,310 40,380 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 77,875 38,895 38,980 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 53,735 27,255 26,475 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 24,140 11,640 12,500 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 2,810 1,415 1,400 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 2,030 1,050 980 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 2,025 1,050 975 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,000 1,040 960 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 30 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 1,940 1,010 930 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 15 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 10 0 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 5 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 780 360 425 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 5 0 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 20 10 10 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 15 5 10 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 10 5 5 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 70 25 50 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 45 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 10 5 10 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 495 230 270 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 0 0 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 55 20 35 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 55 20 35 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 20 10 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 0 0 0 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 20 5 10 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 5 0 5 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 0 0 0 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 0 0 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 0 0 0 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 165 85 80 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 0 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 150 75 70 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 5 5 5 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 110 60 55 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 100 55 45 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 0 0 0 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 50 30 20 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 10 5 0 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 10 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 5 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 15 5 10 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 10 5 5 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 0 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 0 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 5 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 155 60 95 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 80 25 55 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 15 10 10 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 10 5 5 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 45 15 30 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 0 0 0 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 5 5 5 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 20 5 10 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 5 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 10 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 100 55 40 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 95 55 40 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 60 35 25 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 25 10 10 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 0 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 20 10 15 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 15 5 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 5 0 5 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 2,740 1,320 1,425 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,895 930 970 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 785 355 435 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 20 10 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 30 15 10 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 83,435 41,625 41,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 61,050 30,915 30,135 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 10,575 5,080 5,490 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 9,190 4,395 4,790 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,520 1,180 1,335 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 1,715 830 885 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 805 355 450 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 15 5 10 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 35 15 20 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 50 25 25 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,160 33,930 34,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,785 32,910 32,880 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,436 45,096 26,755 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,810 32,910 32,900 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,515 39,968 25,033 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,210 29,450 27,760 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,061 44,720 24,444 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 47,220 21,500 25,720 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,986 8,340 7,711 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,055 25,750 22,305 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,614 46,267 27,010 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 68,130 33,895 34,235 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,890 32,930 32,965 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,832 54,734 34,942 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,905 32,925 32,975 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,764 44,805 30,734 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,285 29,515 27,770 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,919 54,272 32,915 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 47,445 21,575 25,865 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,234 9,282 9,194 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,100 25,790 22,315 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,213 53,086 33,958 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 68,125 33,895 34,235 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,980 11,860 9,120 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,345 68,145 45,802 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,797 74,853 51,715 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.1 88.8 79.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.2 76.2 66.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.9 11.2 20.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 68,165 33,935 34,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 2,375 1,025 1,350 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 65,785 32,910 32,875 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 97.0 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,830 3,530 5,300 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 11,205 4,185 7,025 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 9,490 3,920 5,575 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 7,320 3,230 4,090 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 6,370 3,075 3,295 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,170 2,770 2,400 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,075 2,485 1,590 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,070 2,075 995 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,360 1,605 755 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 1,515 770 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 5,610 4,525 1,085 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,465 3,570 895 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,145 950 190 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,165 33,930 34,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 2,350 1,020 1,325 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 65,810 32,905 32,900 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 97.0 96.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,065 3,595 5,465 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 11,675 4,360 7,320 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 10,815 4,505 6,310 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 8,615 4,010 4,605 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 7,395 3,870 3,530 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 5,510 3,350 2,165 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,035 2,715 1,315 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 2,275 1,025 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 5,400 4,225 1,175 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 1,660 565 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,280 1,055 230 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,900 1,515 385 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 68,160 33,930 34,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 20,110 8,185 11,925 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 48,050 25,750 22,305 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.5 75.9 65.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,570 3,995 3,575 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 3,895 1,590 2,295 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 5,665 2,400 3,265 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 4,745 1,935 2,805 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 4,410 1,805 2,605 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 4,050 1,830 2,220 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 3,670 2,000 1,665 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,000 1,925 1,075 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355 1,615 745 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 8,700 6,655 2,045 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 1,350 600 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,100 1,375 725 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,655 3,930 730 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,270 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,967 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,043 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,295 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,596 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,308 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 24,975 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,613 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,262 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,260 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,778 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,582 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,275 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,238 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,209 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 24,985 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,864 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,721 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,270 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,165 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,655 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,930 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,485 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,605 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,575 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,470 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,425 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,710 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,295 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,135 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,955 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,765 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,355 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,840 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,745 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,050 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,720 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,270 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 400 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 390 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,180 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,705 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,110 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,630 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,795 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,805 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,760 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,675 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,170 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,705 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,515 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,340 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,975 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,115 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,660 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,170 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,285 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,390 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,550 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,183 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,605 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,053 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,834 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,430 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,503 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,845 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,024 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,939 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,370 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,851 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,655 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,585 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,658 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,281 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,420 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,008 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,426 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,845 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,753 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,373 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,045 6,125 5,920 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,964 37,326 24,954 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,768 33,360 24,009 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,995 5,955 6,040 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,388 47,678 35,190 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,502 39,680 31,384 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 83,000 41,450 41,550 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 40,340 19,245 21,100 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 8,675 4,125 4,550 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 9,170 3,980 5,190 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,740 3,760 3,985 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 7,255 3,620 3,640 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 7,505 3,760 3,740 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 42,660 22,210 20,455 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 7,690 3,950 3,740 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 8,615 4,455 4,160 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 9,430 4,925 4,505 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 9,890 5,150 4,735 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 7,040 3,730 3,310 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 76,505 38,045 38,455 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 15,515 7,875 7,640 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,505 2,445 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 48,175 24,125 24,050 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 12,815 6,050 6,765 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,760 4,710 6,055 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,850 1,425 1,425 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,075 515 560 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 5,880 2,635 3,240 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,035 645 1,390 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.1 12.4 15.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.1 18.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 20.6 22.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 10.9 13.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 15.9 10.7 20.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,895 1,855 2,050 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,020 495 520 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 390 180 205 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 2,735 1,300 1,435 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 145 50 90 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 4.9 5.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 6.3 6.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 7.2 8.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.1 0.8 1.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 82,975 41,425 41,555 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 82,755 41,325 41,430 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 79,120 39,645 39,475 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 45,160 21,880 23,280 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 8,335 4,115 4,220 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 5,115 2,575 2,535 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 5,050 2,555 2,495 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 4,890 2,470 2,420 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 85 45 40 145 70 75
Naskapi 10 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 10 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 310 165 145 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 4,510 2,270 2,240 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 100 90 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 15 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 125 65 60 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 55 20 30 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 10 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 0 20 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,220 1,540 1,680 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 35 25 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 0 0 10 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 55 35 20 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 30 20 10 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 15 10 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 10 10 10 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 170 55 120 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 0 0 0 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 15 0 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 0 0 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 45 120 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 20 10 0 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 10 0 0 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 15 10 10 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 0 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 2,340 1,120 1,225 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 15 10 10 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 0 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 400 180 220 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 15 10 0 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 0 0 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 15 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 390 170 215 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 0 0 0 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 120 55 70 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 0 0 0 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 0 0 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 115 50 65 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 40 20 20 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 15 0 10 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 15 10 10 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 15 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 80 40 35 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 0 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 500 280 225 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 65 40 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 0 0 0 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 100 50 50 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 335 185 150 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 20 15 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 30 15 20 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 175 90 90 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 150 85 75 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 0 0 0 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 75 50 30 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 75 40 35 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 0 0 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 10 10 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 0 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 35 15 15 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 25 10 15 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 20 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 1,260 560 695 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 560 230 330 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 120 60 65 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 40 15 25 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 590 280 310 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 10 0 10 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 10 0 10 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 60 40 15 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 10 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 10 10 0 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 20 15 10 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 135 60 75 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 45 30 20 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 165 100 65 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 165 95 65 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 95 60 40 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 50 25 20 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 0 0 0 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 0 0 0 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 0 0 0 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 265 135 125 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 10 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 225 115 115 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 30 20 0 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 82,975 41,425 41,555 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 82,315 41,090 41,230 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,855 9,130 8,725 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,465 31,960 32,505 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 655 335 320 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 82,975 41,425 41,555 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 80,645 40,275 40,370 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,200 1,075 1,125 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 1,125 570 550 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 170 80 90 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 240 115 125 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 400 180 215 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 190 90 100 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 210 95 115 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 275 130 145 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 125 70 55 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,205 1,075 1,125 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 375 190 185 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 485 275 210 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 475 210 265 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 785 365 420 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 85 40 45 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,200 1,075 1,125 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 355 170 190 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 10 0 10 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 0 0 0 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 10 0 0 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 0 0 0 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 25 10 15 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 20 10 20 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 0 0 10 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 190 85 110 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 80 50 35 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 1,175 595 580 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 45 25 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 35 10 20 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 160 85 75 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 0 0 0 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 25 15 10 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 240 105 135 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 50 35 15 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 50 20 30 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 45 30 20 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 35 15 20 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 15 0 10 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 0 0 0 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 290 125 160 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 165 100 65 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 160 105 50 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 30 25 10 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 0 0 0 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 0 0 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 20 10 15 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 0 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 55 30 25 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 40 35 0 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 505 205 295 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 0 0 0 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 0 0 0 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 95 30 65 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 20 20 0 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 90 45 50 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 10 15 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 10 10 0 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 0 0 0 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 10 0 0 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 0 0 0 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 35 15 20 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 170 45 130 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 0 0 0 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 25 15 10 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 40 20 15 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 0 0 0 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 275 125 145 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 80 30 50 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 10 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 10 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 10 30 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 30 15 15 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 0 0 0