Census Profile, 2016 Census
The Eastern Ontario Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
Charts (using rates)  Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic The Eastern Ontario Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , The Eastern Ontario Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : The Eastern Ontario Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 202,762 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 196,545 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 87,238 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 83,218 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 38.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,314.34 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 202,760 99,685 103,080 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 32,765 16,705 16,055 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 10,580 5,350 5,230 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 11,305 5,775 5,530 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 10,880 5,580 5,300 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 129,835 64,340 65,490 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 11,275 5,860 5,415 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 11,095 5,715 5,380 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 10,690 5,260 5,430 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 10,820 5,350 5,470 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 10,935 5,305 5,630 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 11,825 5,685 6,140 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 13,160 6,485 6,680 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,450 8,670 8,780 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 17,345 8,585 8,760 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 15,235 7,425 7,810 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 40,165 18,635 21,525 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 13,550 6,700 6,845 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 9,945 4,845 5,090 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,885 3,280 3,605 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,820 2,150 2,670 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 4,975 1,665 3,305 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,995 1,100 1,895 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,530 475 1,055 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 400 85 310 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 45 5 45 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 16.8 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.5 63.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.8 18.7 20.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.2 42.3 44.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.8 45.0 46.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 83,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 59,555 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,265 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 21,690 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,990 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,640 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,975 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,775 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 305 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 715 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 83,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 21,600 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 32,935 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 12,345 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 10,670 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,670 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 198,070 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 169,995 82,975 87,020 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 105,055 52,470 52,590 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 82,345 41,175 41,175 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 22,710 11,295 11,415 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 64,945 30,510 34,430 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 38,900 21,405 17,495 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 5,050 2,355 2,690 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 9,590 4,250 5,340 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 11,405 2,495 8,905 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 60,600 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 34,030 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 11,955 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,130 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,490 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 60,605 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 51,655 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 40,305 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,350 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,950 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,770 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,180 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 51,655 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 28,480 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 23,170 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 9,475 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 9,455 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 4,245 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,950 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 5,545 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,475 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 925 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,570 14,205 15,365 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 83,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 58,385 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 27,535 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 30,850 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,095 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,740 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 21,600 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,140 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 200,055 98,660 101,395 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 86,040 43,750 42,290 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 11,450 5,255 6,195 1,110 530 580
English and French 102,275 49,540 52,740 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 290 120 170 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 200,055 98,660 101,395 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 119,210 59,345 59,870 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 79,005 38,425 40,580 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,570 780 790 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 265 110 155 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,785 38,820 40,970 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 39.9 39.3 40.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 200,055 98,660 101,395 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 195,810 96,625 99,185 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 187,485 92,480 95,010 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 108,995 54,335 54,655 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 78,495 38,140 40,355 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 8,320 4,145 4,180 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 485 210 275 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 20 10 15 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 25 10 15 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 440 190 255 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 440 190 255 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,835 3,935 3,900 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 435 240 195 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 435 240 195 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 0 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 405 225 175 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 45 40 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 85 45 40 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 210 40 170 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 0 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 15 0 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 35 135 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 100 45 55 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 50 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 455 235 220 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 25 15 15 1,750 905 845
Tamil 430 225 210 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 0 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,765 2,965 2,800 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 30 15 15 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 725 345 385 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 15 20 645 280 370
Latvian 15 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 10 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 695 330 365 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 40 20 20 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 55 30 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 245 110 135 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 125 55 70 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 55 35 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 20 10 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 100 55 50 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,525 1,285 1,245 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 45 30 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 930 470 460 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 20 15 80 30 50
German 1,445 730 710 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 10 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 215 130 90 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,155 600 550 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 995 515 480 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 110 60 50 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 85 50 35 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 40 20 20 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 5 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 5 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 70 70 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 1,455 730 725
Urdu 585 300 285 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 155 80 75 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 65 35 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 85 40 40 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,095 585 510 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 435 255 175 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 170 80 85 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 80 40 45 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 410 210 200 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 40 15 25 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 35 10 25 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 45 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 10 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 15 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 20 5 10 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 5 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 15 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 285 120 160 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 280 120 160 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 100 45 55 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 130 50 80 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 20 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 0 800 405 400
Thai 20 0 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 45 25 15 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 40 25 15 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 210 110 95 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 10 5 455 195 260
Finnish 20 15 5 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 175 90 85 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,250 2,035 2,215 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,340 1,605 1,730 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 630 280 350 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 165 85 75 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 115 60 55 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 200,055 98,655 101,395 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 194,880 96,265 98,620 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 191,930 94,810 97,115 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 129,040 64,245 64,795 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 62,885 30,565 32,320 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 2,955 1,450 1,505 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 140 65 75 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 130 60 75 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 135 60 75 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,815 1,390 1,425 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 195 100 95 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 195 95 95 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 5 0 535 250 290
Arabic 185 95 95 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 25 25 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 50 25 30 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 30 10 25 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 5 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 5 25 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 45 20 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 315 170 150 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 10 5 5 885 450 435
Tamil 310 170 140 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,835 910 920 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 5 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 175 85 90 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 170 85 85 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 5 0 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 45 25 20 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 50 25 25 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 35 20 20 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 5 5 0 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 480 245 235 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 90 45 45 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 0 5 5 0
German 370 195 180 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 80 40 40 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 760 375 385 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 645 320 325 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 60 35 30 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 50 30 25 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 20 5 15 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 30 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 595 290 305
Urdu 445 220 230 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 110 55 60 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 50 25 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 335 170 165 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 80 40 35 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 30 15 15 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 40 20 20 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 190 95 95 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 15 5 15 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 20 10 15 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 55 25 35 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 160 80 85 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 165 80 85 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 55 30 25 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 80 40 40 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 20 5 10 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 5 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 45 20 30 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 45 15 25 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,175 2,395 2,775 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 3,540 1,615 1,925 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,325 625 700 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 115 60 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 190 95 95 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 200,055 98,660 101,395 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 157,180 78,175 79,005 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 21,570 10,410 11,160 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 17,835 8,410 9,420 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,985 1,425 1,565 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 335 150 190 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,650 1,270 1,380 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 110 55 55 965 435 530
English and non-official language 160 85 75 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 215 105 110 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 165,340 81,195 84,140 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 159,275 78,290 80,985 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,166 39,917 29,010 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 159,330 78,295 81,030 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,957 35,581 26,685 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 139,835 70,480 69,350 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,918 38,811 27,107 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 116,425 53,150 63,275 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,816 7,817 7,815 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,760 59,365 54,390 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,862 38,318 29,619 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 165,340 81,200 84,145 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 159,390 78,415 80,975 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,932 47,509 36,531 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 159,430 78,425 81,005 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,695 39,878 31,647 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 139,690 70,505 69,180 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,552 46,391 34,602 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 116,265 53,010 63,255 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,764 8,578 8,920 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,760 59,285 54,475 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,242 44,542 35,562 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 165,340 81,200 84,140 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 57,430 32,310 25,120 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,371 54,590 47,408 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,012 60,588 52,411 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.8 87.9 80.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.6 71.0 65.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.2 12.1 19.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 165,340 81,200 84,140 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 6,065 2,910 3,155 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 159,280 78,290 80,990 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,840 7,875 10,970 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 29,050 11,580 17,470 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 23,490 10,390 13,095 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 19,890 9,370 10,515 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 17,560 9,030 8,530 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 13,965 7,750 6,210 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 10,640 6,110 4,530 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 7,390 4,500 2,890 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 5,335 3,255 2,075 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,490 2,485 2,005 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 8,630 5,945 2,685 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,810 4,590 2,220 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,820 1,355 470 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 165,340 81,200 84,145 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 6,015 2,905 3,110 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 159,330 78,295 81,030 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.4 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,630 8,065 11,565 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 30,270 12,115 18,155 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 27,495 12,350 15,145 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 23,910 11,880 12,035 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 19,870 10,695 9,170 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 14,140 8,155 5,985 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 8,930 5,415 3,515 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 6,275 3,665 2,605 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 8,810 5,955 2,865 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,800 2,345 1,455 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 1,325 580 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,110 2,285 825 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 165,340 81,195 84,145 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 51,585 21,830 29,750 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 113,760 59,370 54,390 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.8 73.1 64.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,980 8,300 7,675 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 8,765 3,900 4,870 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 14,580 6,440 8,140 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 12,725 5,935 6,790 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 12,815 6,150 6,670 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 11,715 6,175 5,545 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 9,980 5,565 4,415 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 7,465 4,420 3,045 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 5,450 3,345 2,105 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 14,285 9,150 5,140 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,260 2,580 1,680 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,830 2,075 1,750 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,200 4,485 1,710 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 83,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,967 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,350 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 21,600 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,939 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,531 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 61,620 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,134 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,928 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 83,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,313 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,386 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 21,605 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,005 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,939 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 61,615 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,449 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,466 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 83,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 815 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 935 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,480 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,840 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,955 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,500 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,055 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,865 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,655 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,475 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,635 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,225 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,715 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,165 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,735 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,190 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,165 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,885 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,915 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,215 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 83,215 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 890 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 970 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,500 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,980 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,410 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,860 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,610 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,420 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,290 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,180 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,965 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,120 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,565 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,770 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,670 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,015 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,090 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,475 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,455 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 60,150 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,248 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,962 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 26,900 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,070 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,214 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 23,430 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,222 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,159 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,380 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,576 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,527 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 60,080 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,611 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,534 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 26,875 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,743 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,104 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 23,385 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,452 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,776 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,400 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,883 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,463 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 26,105 12,670 13,430 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,633 31,635 26,347 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,443 28,702 24,954 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 26,135 12,730 13,405 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,232 40,937 35,663 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,614 34,173 31,134 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 198,070 97,890 100,180 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 100,635 48,435 52,200 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 17,810 8,545 9,265 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 22,235 10,065 12,170 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 20,420 9,905 10,515 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 19,700 9,710 9,990 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 20,475 10,215 10,260 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 97,435 49,455 47,980 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 21,420 10,840 10,575 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 21,080 10,670 10,415 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 21,340 10,800 10,540 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 20,245 10,300 9,940 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 13,355 6,850 6,510 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 196,650 97,235 99,415 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 39,105 20,050 19,055 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 12,575 6,380 6,195 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 121,100 59,750 61,350 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 36,440 17,435 19,005 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 28,695 13,315 15,385 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,245 3,760 3,480 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,645 1,380 1,260 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 15,935 7,430 8,505 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 5,515 2,125 3,395 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.7 15.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.8 18.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.0 21.6 20.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.4 13.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 15.1 12.2 17.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,370 5,110 5,255 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,390 1,225 1,170 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 905 470 435 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,435 3,680 3,755 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 540 205 335 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.3 5.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.4 7.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.2 1.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 198,070 97,895 100,175 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 197,805 97,790 100,015 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 186,800 92,660 94,140 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 112,635 54,210 58,430 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 12,930 6,150 6,780 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 840 370 470 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 25 20 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 10 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 0 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 760 335 425 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 755 330 425 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,105 5,790 6,315 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 590 305 285 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 595 305 280 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 15 0 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 545 300 245 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 10 25 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 50 35 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 75 35 35 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 240 65 180 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 10 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 20 0 15 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 230 65 165 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 230 120 110 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 190 100 90 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 430 240 190 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 15 10 10 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 420 235 185 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 9,245 4,455 4,795 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 15 10 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 870 435 435 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 60 35 20 635 310 325
Latvian 40 15 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 20 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 815 400 415 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 60 40 25 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 85 40 45 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 280 130 150 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 245 110 125 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 40 20 15 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 40 20 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 130 65 70 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 55 15 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,225 1,625 1,600 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 35 20 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 55 30 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,010 480 530 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 45 25 20 120 55 65
German 2,050 1,070 975 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 20 0 25 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 20 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 20 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 20 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 305 175 135 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 1,685 815 870 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,480 725 760 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 230 115 115 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 170 80 90 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 175 80 90 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 15 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 170 145 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 20 10 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 925 450 480 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 225 105 125 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 65 35 30 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 165 70 95 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,330 1,510 1,815 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 795 405 390 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 220 130 90 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 100 55 45 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,410 1,035 1,380 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 105 50 50 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 25 0 15 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 275 150 125 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 10 240 140 95
Lingala 50 20 30 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 45 25 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 70 40 30 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 15 0 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 340 100 240 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 120 30 90 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 115 40 80 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 30 80 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 365 200 170 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 370 200 170 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 140 80 55 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 210 95 120 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 30 0 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 60 20 40 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 60 20 40 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 120 45 75 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 95 45 55 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 265 130 135 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 10 0 495 205 295
Finnish 45 15 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 215 110 110 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 198,065 97,895 100,175 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 195,390 96,675 98,710 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 39,270 20,210 19,065 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 156,120 76,470 79,650 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,680 1,215 1,465 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 198,070 97,890 100,175 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 186,370 92,255 94,120 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,205 5,390 5,815 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,675 2,840 2,835 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,435 720 715 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,600 740 860 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,825 785 1,040 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 905 400 500 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 925 380 540 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 670 300 365 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 495 245 245 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,205 5,390 5,810 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,685 855 830 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,355 1,235 1,120 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,595 1,170 1,425 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 4,025 1,880 2,145 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 540 255 285 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,205 5,390 5,815 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,910 765 1,145 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 0 0 0 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 25 10 20 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 40 20 20 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 70 40 35 920 415 500
Haiti 160 80 85 265 110 160
Jamaica 95 50 45 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 70 15 55 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 10 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 60 35 30 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,165 430 735 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 205 90 120 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 6,270 3,215 3,055 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 15 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 35 20 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 255 140 115 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 675 360 315 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 165 90 75 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 110 65 45 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 45 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 290 170 120 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 860 425 435 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 165 90 75 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 125 65 55 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 95 50 40 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 75 30 40 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 25 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 40 0 30 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,145 1,010 1,135 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,115 605 515 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 630 330 295 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 45 25 20 430 270 150
Egypt 60 40 25 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 15 10 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 15 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 15 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 30 15 15 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 50 0 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 370 170 200 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 2,325 1,050 1,275 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 35 20 20 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 125 65 60 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 235 80 155 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 20 15 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 285 140 140 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 55 30 25 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 45 25 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 10 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 40 15 25 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 140 70 70 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 520 240 285 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 240 60 170 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 265 140 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 15 10 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 25 10 20 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 55 20 30 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 195 95 95 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 30 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 670 305 365 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 185 90 95 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 30 10 20 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 20 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 125 65 55 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 1,855 875 975
Europe 145 70 75 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 45 20 20 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania