Census Profile, 2016 Census
Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 540,249 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 504,080 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 252,756 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 208,967 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 61.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,800.12 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 540,245 266,025 274,225 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 86,725 44,410 42,315 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 26,740 13,725 13,020 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 29,655 15,240 14,415 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 30,330 15,445 14,880 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 351,865 174,630 177,230 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 32,065 16,465 15,600 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 32,130 16,890 15,240 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 30,285 15,435 14,855 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 31,245 15,470 15,775 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 31,060 15,170 15,890 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 33,440 16,540 16,900 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 36,490 17,800 18,690 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 45,060 22,145 22,915 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 42,755 20,785 21,965 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 37,325 17,930 19,390 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 101,660 46,980 54,680 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 33,485 16,120 17,370 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 25,230 12,160 13,070 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 17,720 8,375 9,340 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 12,815 5,825 6,990 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 12,405 4,500 7,905 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,900 3,170 4,730 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,550 1,125 2,420 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 840 190 650 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 120 15 105 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.7 15.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.1 65.6 64.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.8 17.7 19.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.4 41.5 43.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.0 42.8 45.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 208,970 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 155,865 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,300 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,795 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,940 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 12,765 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,110 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,290 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 690 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,000 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 208,965 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 47,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 77,610 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 33,855 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 31,680 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,870 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 529,465 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 453,525 221,615 231,915 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 272,475 136,415 136,065 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 223,715 112,110 111,610 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 48,760 24,305 24,455 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 181,050 85,200 95,845 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 110,220 60,820 49,405 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 15,445 6,885 8,565 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 28,115 11,525 16,595 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 27,265 5,975 21,290 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 159,360 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 83,850 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 33,505 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 30,155 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,850 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 159,360 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 133,745 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 109,385 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,360 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,610 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 19,765 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 5,845 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 133,750 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 68,495 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 65,250 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 25,815 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 28,145 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 11,295 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,610 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 15,360 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 7,690 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,570 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 77,800 36,865 40,930 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 208,970 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 148,885 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 64,110 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 84,770 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,160 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,925 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 47,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,980 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 533,745 262,945 270,800 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 495,615 246,505 249,110 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 370 180 185 1,110 530 580
English and French 35,400 15,275 20,120 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,360 985 1,380 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 533,745 262,945 270,800 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 519,920 256,580 263,340 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 10,620 5,005 5,620 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 925 425 500 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,280 935 1,345 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,085 5,215 5,870 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 533,745 262,945 270,800 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 527,430 259,985 267,440 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 476,930 235,460 241,465 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 465,555 230,100 235,455 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 11,370 5,360 6,015 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 50,505 24,525 25,975 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 295 140 155 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 255 125 130 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 235 110 125 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 235 110 125 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 15 0 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,210 24,390 25,820 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 835 750 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 10 5 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,560 825 740 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 40 20 25 1,140 560 585
Arabic 710 400 305 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 350 165 185 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 55 30 30 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 145 85 65 1,770 960 805
Maltese 205 100 110 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,165 530 630 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 225 105 120 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 940 425 510 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,720 565 1,150 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 75 20 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 100 30 70 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 60 20 40 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,435 480 960 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 45 30 15 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 865 435 430 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 130 70 60 1,750 905 845
Tamil 685 335 350 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 25 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 38,295 18,975 19,320 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 125 70 60 1,090 560 530
Armenian 100 45 45 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 9,395 4,450 4,945 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 455 225 235 645 280 370
Latvian 200 95 105 320 145 175
Lithuanian 255 125 130 325 130 200
Slavic languages 8,935 4,230 4,705 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 65 30 35 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 80 35 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 460 240 225 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 440 205 235 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 315 165 155 250 120 135
Polish 3,475 1,635 1,845 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,230 1,055 1,175 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 280 140 140 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 1,145 545 600
Slovak 295 140 150 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 545 250 290
Ukrainian 965 430 535 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 10 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 8,665 4,060 4,605 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 100 50 55 1,435 730 705
Danish 290 130 160 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,550 1,280 1,275 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 50 25 20 80 30 50
German 5,435 2,475 2,955 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 50 25 20 835 410 430
Swedish 115 40 70 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 845 440 410 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,195 2,195 1,995 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,245 1,715 1,530 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 135 70 65 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 560 300 260 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 370 200 170 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 25 15 10 535 280 255
Nepali 15 5 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,005 550 450 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 20 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,030 520 510 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 920 465 460 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 25 25 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 850 430 420 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 14,930 7,705 7,225 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 5,920 3,250 2,670 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,650 2,385 2,270 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 520 240 275 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 3,825 1,820 2,010 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 60 40 25
Japanese 180 55 120 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 765 360 410 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 250 140 110 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 60 30 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 20 20 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 45 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 25 10 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 55 35 20 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 115 55 65 620 330 295
American Sign Language 60 20 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,865 1,335 1,535 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,830 1,315 1,515 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 880 400 480 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 10 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,695 800 890 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 45 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 60 70 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 250 95 150 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 170 80 90 800 405 400
Thai 75 10 60 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 195 100 95 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 495 275 225
Turkish 170 90 80 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,915 870 1,040 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 200 90 115 455 195 260
Finnish 530 220 310 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,180 560 620 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,315 2,960 3,355 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,640 685 960 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,405 2,150 2,255 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 125 60 65 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 140 60 75 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 533,745 262,940 270,800 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 522,630 257,590 265,040 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 505,225 249,150 256,075 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 501,525 247,420 254,110 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,700 1,730 1,965 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 17,410 8,440 8,970 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 65 35 30 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 30 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 30 30 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,340 8,410 8,930 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 315 345 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 655 310 345 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 20 10 10 535 250 290
Arabic 295 140 150 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 95 115 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 70 35 30 785 400 385
Maltese 25 10 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 710 330 385 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 60 620 290 330
Vietnamese 610 285 320 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 485 215 270 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 15 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 425 190 235 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 585 280 305 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 70 35 30 885 450 435
Tamil 495 235 265 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 10 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 11,750 5,750 6,005 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 60 25 30 530 255 270
Armenian 35 20 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,535 1,730 1,805 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 90 40 50 160 75 90
Latvian 25 15 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 65 25 35 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,450 1,690 1,760 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 25 15 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 10 10 925 425 495
Croatian 100 55 50 1,795 840 955
Czech 90 45 50 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 90 45 50 120 60 60
Polish 1,220 590 630 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,470 720 745 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 85 50 35 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 435 205 235
Slovak 60 30 30 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 220 105 115 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 795 350 445 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 40 20 15 520 250 265
Danish 10 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 125 55 70 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 605 270 335 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 10 0 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 205 100 105 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,375 1,225 1,150 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,875 980 895 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 65 35 35 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 410 210 200 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 130 65 70 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 315 265 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 10 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 595 290 305
Urdu 590 310 285 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 490 245 255 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 10 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 20 10 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 455 220 230 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 4,750 2,305 2,445 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,255 600 655 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,635 800 835 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 210 100 110 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,645 800 850 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 70 35 40 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 530 255 275 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 35 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 10 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 135 80 55 830 460 370
American Sign Language 40 20 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 65 30 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,760 850 910 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,745 845 905 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 520 240 280 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,140 560 575 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 1,015 435 580
Lao 70 35 40 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 95 50 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 85 45 40 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 390 170 215 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 80 30 50 435 190 240
Hungarian 290 135 155 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,115 5,355 5,765 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 940 415 525 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 9,960 4,835 5,130 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 40 20 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 175 85 90 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 533,745 262,945 270,805 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 498,750 246,635 252,115 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 9,525 4,625 4,895 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,140 3,110 4,030 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 17,845 8,360 9,480 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 440 205 230 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 17,405 8,155 9,250 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 50 25 25 965 435 530
English and non-official language 185 85 100 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 250 95 155 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 442,945 216,385 226,560 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,620 209,050 218,570 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,890 41,673 28,215 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,775 209,070 218,705 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,762 37,003 26,076 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,360 192,545 193,815 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,619 40,156 24,784 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 308,980 138,130 170,850 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,401 5,257 6,857 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 316,360 163,680 152,680 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,363 39,689 26,679 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 442,945 216,420 226,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,640 209,080 218,560 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,017 53,456 36,944 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,820 209,090 218,730 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,632 43,765 31,770 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 386,340 192,735 193,610 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,349 52,471 34,267 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 308,850 137,875 170,975 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,107 7,715 8,423 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 316,360 163,690 152,670 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,515 50,058 34,429 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 442,945 216,420 226,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 154,355 88,145 66,210 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,140 58,470 45,135 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,995 68,013 51,651 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.4 82.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.8 65.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.6 17.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 442,945 216,380 226,560 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 15,320 7,335 7,990 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 427,625 209,045 218,570 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,520 24,340 33,185 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 73,515 28,705 44,810 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 62,600 25,815 36,780 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 50,075 22,140 27,930 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 43,740 21,180 22,560 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 34,445 18,765 15,680 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 26,755 15,925 10,825 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 20,120 12,760 7,360 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 15,420 9,895 5,530 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 12,850 7,645 5,210 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 30,590 21,885 8,700 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 21,930 15,325 6,605 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 8,655 6,555 2,100 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 442,945 216,380 226,560 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 15,170 7,310 7,855 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 427,775 209,065 218,705 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,765 24,875 34,890 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 77,235 30,320 46,910 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 72,100 30,200 41,900 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 59,470 27,420 32,050 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 49,470 25,975 23,495 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 35,565 21,240 14,325 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 25,245 16,100 9,140 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 18,035 11,180 6,855 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 30,900 21,765 9,140 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 11,635 7,570 4,070 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 6,115 4,360 1,755 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 13,145 9,830 3,315 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 442,945 216,380 226,565 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 126,585 52,700 73,880 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 316,360 163,680 152,680 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.4 75.6 67.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,985 22,550 23,430 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 26,255 11,210 15,045 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 42,600 18,305 24,295 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 35,385 15,685 19,700 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 32,690 14,565 18,130 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 29,390 14,630 14,755 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 24,125 13,570 10,550 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 18,655 11,540 7,110 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 14,955 9,700 5,255 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 46,325 31,915 14,405 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 12,010 7,880 4,125 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,290 6,500 4,785 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 23,025 17,535 5,495 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 208,965 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,358 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,178 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 47,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,209 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,598 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 161,020 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,096 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,739 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 208,965 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,125 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,045 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,980 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,633 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,695 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 160,990 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,384 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,177 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 208,970 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,170 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,450 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,240 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,210 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,095 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,200 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,825 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,575 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,355 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,710 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,685 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,625 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,330 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,845 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,790 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,535 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,165 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 208,970 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,395 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,045 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,560 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,565 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,110 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,925 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,465 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,330 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,215 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,305 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,945 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,635 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,460 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,225 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,980 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,795 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,000 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,120 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,675 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 156,085 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,203 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 62,465 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,410 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,897 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,040 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,384 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,216 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,225 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,938 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,750 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 156,085 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,048 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,763 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 62,330 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,813 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,235 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,180 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,550 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,028 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,185 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,740 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,342 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,310 32,155 34,160 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,557 35,852 30,181 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,664 32,027 27,900 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,095 31,870 34,235 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,188 45,488 41,047 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,331 37,687 35,070 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 529,465 260,685 268,785 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 252,015 120,260 131,750 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 42,035 20,290 21,740 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 48,275 21,740 26,535 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 51,915 24,645 27,270 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 53,955 26,055 27,900 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 55,835 27,530 28,300 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 277,450 140,420 137,035 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 57,190 28,395 28,795 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 58,745 29,680 29,070 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 59,005 29,955 29,050 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 57,605 29,295 28,310 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 44,905 23,100 21,810 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,735 259,810 267,920 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 104,860 53,705 51,160 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 32,210 16,560 15,645 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 327,640 161,150 166,490 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 95,235 44,955 50,275 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 61,115 28,265 32,855 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 15,860 8,200 7,660 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,215 2,745 2,470 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 35,985 16,565 19,420 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 9,275 3,495 5,780 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 10.9 12.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.3 15.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.6 15.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.3 11.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.7 7.8 11.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 27,690 13,690 14,000 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 6,215 3,185 3,030 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,990 1,035 950 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 19,985 9,855 10,130 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,485 650 835 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.3 5.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.9 5.9 5.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.2 6.3 6.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.4 1.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 529,465 260,685 268,785 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 527,170 259,705 267,465 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 526,770 259,550 267,215 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 35,310 14,860 20,455 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 65,700 31,770 33,930 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 970 430 545 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 885 405 480 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 20 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 20 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 850 390 460 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 835 380 450 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 35 15 25 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 35 15 20 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 40 10 30 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,735 31,345 33,395 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,415 1,255 1,155 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 20 10 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,395 1,245 1,145 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 45 25 20 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,240 675 565 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 175 230 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 65 40 25 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 525 275 245 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 275 135 135 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,475 685 795 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 415 165 250 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,075 520 560 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,345 795 1,545 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 115 30 80 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 105 20 80 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 130 60 70 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 725 1,435 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 230 115 115 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 110 50 55 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,155 575 580 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 50 25 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 250 135 115 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 850 400 450 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 60 35 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 49,345 24,265 25,075 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 145 85 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 175 90 85 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 10,815 5,145 5,670 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 600 280 315 635 310 325
Latvian 290 140 145 310 175 140
Lithuanian 315 135 170 325 135 185
Slavic languages 10,305 4,920 5,385 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 15 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 170 90 80 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 125 55 65 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 740 400 340 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 535 240 290 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 400 200 200 345 180 160
Polish 4,130 1,945 2,185 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,865 1,365 1,500 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 400 215 190 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 1,240 595 645
Slovak 310 135 175 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 350 185 160 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,225 560 670 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 250 120 125
Celtic languages 125 70 55 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 350 225 120
Welsh 30 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 11,025 5,225 5,800 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 220 105 110 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 360 170 190 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,965 1,395 1,575 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 80 35 40 120 55 65
German 7,330 3,525 3,805 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 115 65 45 1,405 730 680
Swedish 230 80 150 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 35 15 15 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,000 510 490 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 5,025 2,620 2,410 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,110 2,165 1,940 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 140 80 60 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 755 405 345 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,425 760 660 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 30 0 15 375 185 190
Marathi 25 15 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 25 15 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,415 795 620 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 75 30 45 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 90 95 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,415 730 690 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 955 475 485 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 15 10 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 115 55 65 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 840 415 425 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 22,160 11,055 11,105 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 8,645 4,575 4,075 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,120 3,135 2,985 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 620 285 335 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 7,625 3,440 4,190 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 220 130 85
Japanese 370 185 190 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 900 385 515 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 660 335 325 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 115 60 55 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 15 15 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 35 30 10 240 140 95
Lingala 10 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 155 70 85 265 125 140
Swahili 190 105 85 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 65 30 35 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 960 340 620 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 470 145 325 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 490 190 295 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 3,410 1,670 1,740 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,295 645 650 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,190 1,065 1,125 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 65 75 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 80 95 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 25 10 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 295 145 150 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 230 120 110 1,125 505 620
Thai 70 30 40 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 300 155 140 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 285 145 130 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,365 1,180 1,185 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 240 110 125 495 205 295
Finnish 600 230 370 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,525 835 690 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 529,465 260,685 268,780 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 515,280 253,925 261,360 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 104,070 53,460 50,615 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 411,210 200,465 210,750 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,185 6,760 7,425 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 529,470 260,680 268,780 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 461,640 228,095 233,545 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 66,120 31,680 34,440 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 34,400 16,615 17,780 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 8,320 4,075 4,245 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 9,305 4,465 4,840 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 9,785 4,560 5,225 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 5,230 2,470 2,755 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,560 2,095 2,470 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,310 1,965 2,345 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,705 905 800 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 66,120 31,685 34,440 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 9,015 4,455 4,560 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 14,735 7,480 7,260 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 17,070 7,895 9,175 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 21,990 10,385 11,600 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,315 1,470 1,840 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 66,120 31,680 34,435 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 10,030 4,570 5,465 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 390 165 215 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 370 150 220 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 420 195 225 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 795 335 465 920 415 500
Haiti 55 25 30 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,320 600 725 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 330 145 185 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 195 95 105 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 735 405 335 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,090 1,290 1,800 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,335 1,175 1,165 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 40,915 19,950 20,965 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 100 95 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 405 200 210 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 290 160 130 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,060 1,965 2,100 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 485 265 215 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 820 420 400 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 645 325 320 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,905 2,155 1,755 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,645 1,330 1,315 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,650 1,230 1,425 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 3,380 1,695 1,685 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 635 285 350 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 870 405 465 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 290 155 135 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 930 425 505 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,745 6,925 7,820 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,960 1,920 2,040 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,970 1,000 965 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 30 20 10 430 270 150
Egypt 210 110 100 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 55 30 30 1,665 835 825
Kenya 160 90 75 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 70 45 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 145 75 80 1,205 630 575
Somalia 30 25 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 425 210 215 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 845 410 440 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 12,785 5,950 6,835 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 205 105 95 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 120 60 60 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,840 830 1,010 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 265 140 120 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,790 905 885 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 535 280 255 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 470 240 235 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 115 45 70 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 660 300 360 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 255 140 115 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 930 480 450 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,995 710 1,285 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 660 320 340 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 130 55 80 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 125 55 75 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 830 400 425 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,865 880 985 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 420 215 205 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,310 1,960 2,345 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 755 350 410 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 55 30 20 960 445 520
Colombia 40 15 20 465 220 240
Cuba 35 0 25 70 35 30
Haiti 15 10 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 65 45 20 160 115 45
Mexico 75 35 40 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 110 145 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 210 90 115 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,145 585 560 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 30 15 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90