Census Profile, 2016 Census
Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
Charts (using rates)  Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 540,249 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 504,080 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 252,756 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 208,967 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 61.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,800.12 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 540,245 266,025 274,225 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 86,725 44,410 42,315 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 26,740 13,725 13,020 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 29,655 15,240 14,415 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 30,330 15,445 14,880 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 351,865 174,630 177,230 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 32,065 16,465 15,600 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 32,130 16,890 15,240 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 30,285 15,435 14,855 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 31,245 15,470 15,775 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 31,060 15,170 15,890 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 33,440 16,540 16,900 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 36,490 17,800 18,690 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 45,060 22,145 22,915 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 42,755 20,785 21,965 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 37,325 17,930 19,390 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 101,660 46,980 54,680 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 33,485 16,120 17,370 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 25,230 12,160 13,070 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 17,720 8,375 9,340 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 12,815 5,825 6,990 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 12,405 4,500 7,905 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 7,900 3,170 4,730 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,550 1,125 2,420 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 840 190 650 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 120 15 105 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.7 15.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.1 65.6 64.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 18.8 17.7 19.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.4 41.5 43.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 44.0 42.8 45.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 208,970 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 155,865 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,300 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,795 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,940 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 12,765 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,110 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,290 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 690 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,000 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 208,965 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 47,945 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 77,610 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 33,855 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 31,680 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,870 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 529,465 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 453,525 221,615 231,915 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 272,475 136,415 136,065 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 223,715 112,110 111,610 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 48,760 24,305 24,455 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 181,050 85,200 95,845 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 110,220 60,820 49,405 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 15,445 6,885 8,565 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 28,115 11,525 16,595 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 27,265 5,975 21,290 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 159,360 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 83,850 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 33,505 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 30,155 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,850 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 159,360 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 133,745 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 109,385 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,360 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,610 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 19,765 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 5,845 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 133,750 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 68,495 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 65,250 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 25,815 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 28,145 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 11,295 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,610 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 15,360 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 7,690 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,570 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 77,800 36,865 40,930 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 208,970 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 148,885 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 64,110 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 84,770 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,160 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,925 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 47,945 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,980 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 533,745 262,945 270,800 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 495,615 246,505 249,110 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 370 180 185 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 35,400 15,275 20,120 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,360 985 1,380 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 533,745 262,945 270,800 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 519,920 256,580 263,340 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 10,620 5,005 5,620 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 925 425 500 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,280 935 1,345 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,085 5,215 5,870 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 533,745 262,945 270,800 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 527,430 259,985 267,440 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 476,930 235,460 241,465 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 465,555 230,100 235,455 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 11,370 5,360 6,015 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 50,505 24,525 25,975 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 295 140 155 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 255 125 130 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 5 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 235 110 125 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 235 110 125 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 15 0 10 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 15 5 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 5 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,210 24,390 25,820 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 835 750 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 10 5 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,560 825 740 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 40 20 25 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 710 400 305 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 350 165 185 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 55 30 30 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 145 85 65 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 205 100 110 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,165 530 630 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 225 105 120 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 940 425 510 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,720 565 1,150 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 75 20 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 100 30 70 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 60 20 40 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,435 480 960 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 45 30 15 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 865 435 430 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 5 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 130 70 60 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 685 335 350 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 40 25 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 38,295 18,975 19,320 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 125 70 60 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 100 45 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 9,395 4,450 4,945 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 455 225 235 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 200 95 105 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 255 125 130 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 8,935 4,230 4,705 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 65 30 35 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 80 35 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 460 240 225 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 440 205 235 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 315 165 155 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,475 1,635 1,845 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 2,230 1,055 1,175 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 280 140 140 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 295 140 150 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 965 430 535 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 45 10 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 450 210 240
Welsh 20 5 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 8,665 4,060 4,605 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 100 50 55 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 290 130 160 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,550 1,280 1,275 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 50 25 20 1,240 630 620
German 5,435 2,475 2,955 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 50 25 20 940 405 540
Swedish 115 40 70 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 845 440 410 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 4,195 2,195 1,995 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 3,245 1,715 1,530 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 135 70 65 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 560 300 260 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 370 200 170 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 25 15 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 15 5 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,005 550 450 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 20 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,030 520 510 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 920 465 460 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 20 10 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 50 25 25 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 850 430 420 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 14,930 7,705 7,225 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 5,920 3,250 2,670 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,650 2,385 2,270 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 520 240 275 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,825 1,820 2,010 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 200 215
Japanese 180 55 120 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 765 360 410 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 250 140 110 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 60 30 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 20 20 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 45 20 25 1,455 660 790
Swahili 25 10 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 55 35 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 115 55 65 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 60 20 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,865 1,335 1,535 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,830 1,315 1,515 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 880 400 480 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 10 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,695 800 890 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 45 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 60 70 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 5 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 250 95 150 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 170 80 90 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 75 10 60 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 195 100 95 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 170 90 80 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 5 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,915 870 1,040 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 200 90 115 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 530 220 310 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,180 560 620 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 6,315 2,960 3,355 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,640 685 960 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,405 2,150 2,255 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 125 60 65 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 140 60 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 533,745 262,940 270,800 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 522,630 257,590 265,040 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 505,225 249,150 256,075 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 501,525 247,420 254,110 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,700 1,730 1,965 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 17,410 8,440 8,970 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 65 35 30 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 30 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 60 30 30 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,340 8,410 8,930 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 315 345 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 655 310 345 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 20 10 10 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 295 140 150 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 95 115 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 70 35 30 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 25 10 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 710 330 385 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 60 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 610 285 320 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 485 215 270 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 15 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 425 190 235 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 10 5 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 585 280 305 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 70 35 30 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 495 235 265 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 10 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 11,750 5,750 6,005 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 60 25 30 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 20 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,535 1,730 1,805 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 90 40 50 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 25 15 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 65 25 35 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,450 1,690 1,760 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 25 15 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 25 10 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 100 55 50 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 90 45 50 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 90 45 50 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,220 590 630 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,470 720 745 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 85 50 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 60 30 30 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 220 105 115 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 795 350 445 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 40 20 15 755 365 390
Danish 10 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 125 55 70 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 605 270 335 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 10 0 10 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 205 100 105 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,375 1,225 1,150 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,875 980 895 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 65 35 35 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 410 210 200 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 130 65 70 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 5 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 315 265 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 25 10 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 590 310 285 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 490 245 255 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 10 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 20 10 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 455 220 230 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 4,750 2,305 2,445 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,255 600 655 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,635 800 835 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 210 100 110 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,645 800 850 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 70 35 40 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 530 255 275 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 35 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 10 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 135 80 55 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 40 20 20 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 65 30 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,760 850 910 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,745 845 905 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 520 240 280 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,140 560 575 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 70 35 40 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 95 50 45 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 85 45 40 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 390 170 215 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 80 30 50 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 290 135 155 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 11,115 5,355 5,765 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 940 415 525 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 9,960 4,835 5,130 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 40 20 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 175 85 90 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 533,745 262,945 270,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 498,750 246,635 252,115 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,525 4,625 4,895 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 7,140 3,110 4,030 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,845 8,360 9,480 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 440 205 230 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,405 8,155 9,250 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 50 25 25 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 185 85 100 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 250 95 155 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 442,945 216,385 226,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,620 209,050 218,570 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,890 41,673 28,215 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,775 209,070 218,705 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,762 37,003 26,076 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,360 192,545 193,815 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,619 40,156 24,784 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 308,980 138,130 170,850 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,401 5,257 6,857 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 316,360 163,680 152,680 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,363 39,689 26,679 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 442,945 216,420 226,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,640 209,080 218,560 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,017 53,456 36,944 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,820 209,090 218,730 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,632 43,765 31,770 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 386,340 192,735 193,610 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,349 52,471 34,267 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 308,850 137,875 170,975 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,107 7,715 8,423 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 316,360 163,690 152,670 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,515 50,058 34,429 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 442,945 216,420 226,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 154,355 88,145 66,210 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,140 58,470 45,135 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,995 68,013 51,651 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.4 82.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.8 65.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.6 17.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 442,945 216,380 226,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 15,320 7,335 7,990 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 427,625 209,045 218,570 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,520 24,340 33,185 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 73,515 28,705 44,810 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 62,600 25,815 36,780 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 50,075 22,140 27,930 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 43,740 21,180 22,560 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 34,445 18,765 15,680 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 26,755 15,925 10,825 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 20,120 12,760 7,360 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 15,420 9,895 5,530 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 12,850 7,645 5,210 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 30,590 21,885 8,700 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 21,930 15,325 6,605 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 8,655 6,555 2,100 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 442,945 216,380 226,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 15,170 7,310 7,855 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 427,775 209,065 218,705 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.5 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,765 24,875 34,890 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 77,235 30,320 46,910 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 72,100 30,200 41,900 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 59,470 27,420 32,050 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 49,470 25,975 23,495 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 35,565 21,240 14,325 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 25,245 16,100 9,140 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 18,035 11,180 6,855 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 30,900 21,765 9,140 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 11,635 7,570 4,070 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 6,115 4,360 1,755 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 13,145 9,830 3,315 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 442,945 216,380 226,565 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 126,585 52,700 73,880 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 316,360 163,680 152,680 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.4 75.6 67.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,985 22,550 23,430 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 26,255 11,210 15,045 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 42,600 18,305 24,295 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 35,385 15,685 19,700 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 32,690 14,565 18,130 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 29,390 14,630 14,755 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 24,125 13,570 10,550 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 18,655 11,540 7,110 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 14,955 9,700 5,255 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 46,325 31,915 14,405 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 12,010 7,880 4,125 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,290 6,500 4,785 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 23,025 17,535 5,495 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 208,965 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,358 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,178 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 47,945 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,209 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,598 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 161,020 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,096 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,739 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 208,965 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,125 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,045 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,980 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,633 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,695 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 160,990 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,384 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,177 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 208,970 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,170 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,450 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,240 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,210 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,095 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,200 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,825 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,575 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,355 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,710 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,685 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,625 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,330 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,845 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,790 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,535 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,165 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 208,970 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,395 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,045 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,560 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,565 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,110 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,925 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,465 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,330 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,215 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,305 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,945 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,635 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,460 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,225 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,980 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,795 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,000 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,120 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,675 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 156,085 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,203 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 62,465 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,410 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,897 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,040 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,384 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,216 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,225 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,938 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,750 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 156,085 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,048 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,763 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 62,330 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,813 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,235 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,180 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,550 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,028 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,185 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,740 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,342 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,310 32,155 34,160 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,557 35,852 30,181 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,664 32,027 27,900 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,095 31,870 34,235 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,188 45,488 41,047 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,331 37,687 35,070 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 529,465 260,685 268,785 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 252,015 120,260 131,750 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 42,035 20,290 21,740 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 48,275 21,740 26,535 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 51,915 24,645 27,270 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 53,955 26,055 27,900 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 55,835 27,530 28,300 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 277,450 140,420 137,035 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 57,190 28,395 28,795 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 58,745 29,680 29,070 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 59,005 29,955 29,050 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 57,605 29,295 28,310 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 44,905 23,100 21,810 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,735 259,810 267,920 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 104,860 53,705 51,160 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 32,210 16,560 15,645 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 327,640 161,150 166,490 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 95,235 44,955 50,275 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 61,115 28,265 32,855 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 15,860 8,200 7,660 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,215 2,745 2,470 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 35,985 16,565 19,420 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 9,275 3,495 5,780 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 10.9 12.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.3 15.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.6 15.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.3 11.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.7 7.8 11.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 27,690 13,690 14,000 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 6,215 3,185 3,030 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,990 1,035 950 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 19,985 9,855 10,130 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,485 650 835 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.3 5.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.9 5.9 5.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 6.2 6.3 6.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.4 1.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 529,465 260,685 268,785 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 527,170 259,705 267,465 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 526,770 259,550 267,215 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 35,310 14,860 20,455 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 65,700 31,770 33,930 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 970 430 545 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 885 405 480 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 20 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 20 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 850 390 460 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 10 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 835 380 450 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 25 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 35 15 20 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 40 10 30 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,735 31,345 33,395 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,415 1,255 1,155 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 20 10 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 2,395 1,245 1,145 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 45 25 20 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,240 675 565 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 175 230 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 65 40 25 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 525 275 245 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 275 135 135 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,475 685 795 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 415 165 250 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,075 520 560 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,345 795 1,545 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 115 30 80 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 105 20 80 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 130 60 70 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 725 1,435 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 230 115 115 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 110 50 55 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,155 575 580 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 50 25 25 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 250 135 115 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 850 400 450 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 60 35 20 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 49,345 24,265 25,075 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 145 85 65 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 175 90 85 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 10,815 5,145 5,670 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 600 280 315 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 290 140 145 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 315 135 170 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 10,305 4,920 5,385 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 15 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 170 90 80 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 125 55 65 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 740 400 340 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 535 240 290 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 400 200 200 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 4,130 1,945 2,185 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,865 1,365 1,500 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 400 215 190 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 310 135 175 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 350 185 160 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,225 560 670 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 125 70 55 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 1,480 720 765
Welsh 30 10 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 11,025 5,225 5,800 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 220 105 110 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 360 170 190 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,965 1,395 1,575 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 80 35 40 1,655 820 835
German 7,330 3,525 3,805 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 115 65 45 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 230 80 150 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 35 15 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,000 510 490 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,025 2,620 2,410 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,110 2,165 1,940 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 140 80 60 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 755 405 345 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,425 760 660 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 30 0 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 25 15 10 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 15 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,415 795 620 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 75 30 45 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 90 95 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,415 730 690 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 955 475 485 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 15 10 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 115 55 65 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 840 415 425 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 22,160 11,055 11,105 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 8,645 4,575 4,075 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 6,120 3,135 2,985 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 620 285 335 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 7,625 3,440 4,190 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,355 745 605
Japanese 370 185 190 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 900 385 515 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 660 335 325 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 115 60 55 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 15 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 35 30 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 10 10 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 155 70 85 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 190 105 85 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 65 30 35 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 960 340 620 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 470 145 325 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 490 190 295 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 3,410 1,670 1,740 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,295 645 650 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 10 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,190 1,065 1,125 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 65 75 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 80 95 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 10 20 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 295 145 150 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 230 120 110 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 70 30 40 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 300 155 140 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 285 145 130 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,365 1,180 1,185 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 240 110 125 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 600 230 370 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,525 835 690 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 529,465 260,685 268,780 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 515,280 253,925 261,360 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 104,070 53,460 50,615 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 411,210 200,465 210,750 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,185 6,760 7,425 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 529,470 260,680 268,780 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 461,640 228,095 233,545 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 66,120 31,680 34,440 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 34,400 16,615 17,780 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 8,320 4,075 4,245 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 9,305 4,465 4,840 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 9,785 4,560 5,225 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,230 2,470 2,755 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,560 2,095 2,470 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,310 1,965 2,345 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,705 905 800 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 66,120 31,685 34,440 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 9,015 4,455 4,560 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 14,735 7,480 7,260 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 17,070 7,895 9,175 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 21,990 10,385 11,600 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,315 1,470 1,840 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 66,120 31,680 34,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 10,030 4,570 5,465 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 390 165 215 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 370 150 220 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 420 195 225 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 795 335 465 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 55 25 30 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,320 600 725 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 330 145 185 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 195 95 105 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 735 405 335 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,090 1,290 1,800 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,335 1,175 1,165 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 40,915 19,950 20,965 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 100 95 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 405 200 210 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 290 160 130 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,060 1,965 2,100 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 485 265 215 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 820 420 400 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 645 325 320 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,905 2,155 1,755 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,645 1,330 1,315 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,650 1,230 1,425 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 3,380 1,695 1,685 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 635 285 350 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 870 405 465 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 290 155 135 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 930 425 505 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,745 6,925 7,820 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,960 1,920 2,040 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,970 1,000 965 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 30 20 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 210 110 100 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 55 30 30 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 160 90 75 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 70 45 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 145 75 80 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 30 25 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 425 210 215 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 845 410 440 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 12,785 5,950 6,835 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 205 105 95 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 120 60 60 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,840 830 1,010 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 265 140 120 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,790 905 885 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 535 280 255 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 470 240 235 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 115 45 70 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 660 300 360 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 255 140 115 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 930 480 450 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,995 710 1,285 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 660 320 340 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 130 55 80 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 125 55 75 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 830 400 425 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,865 880 985 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 420 215 205 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,310 1,960 2,345 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 755 350 410 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 55 30 20 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 40 15 20 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 35 0 25 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 10 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 65 45 20 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 75 35 40 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 110 145 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 210 90 115 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,145 585 560 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 15 10 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 30 15 15 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480