Census Profile, 2016 Census
Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 540,249 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 504,080 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 252,756 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 208,967 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 61.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,800.12 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 540,245 266,025 274,225 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 86,725 44,410 42,315 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 26,740 13,725 13,020 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 29,655 15,240 14,415 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 30,330 15,445 14,880 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 351,865 174,630 177,230 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 32,065 16,465 15,600 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 32,130 16,890 15,240 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 30,285 15,435 14,855 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 31,245 15,470 15,775 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 31,060 15,170 15,890 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 33,440 16,540 16,900 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 36,490 17,800 18,690 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 45,060 22,145 22,915 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 42,755 20,785 21,965 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 37,325 17,930 19,390 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 101,660 46,980 54,680 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 33,485 16,120 17,370 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 25,230 12,160 13,070 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 17,720 8,375 9,340 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 12,815 5,825 6,990 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 12,405 4,500 7,905 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,900 3,170 4,730 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,550 1,125 2,420 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 840 190 650 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 120 15 105 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.7 15.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.1 65.6 64.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.8 17.7 19.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.4 41.5 43.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.0 42.8 45.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 208,970 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 155,865 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,300 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 45,795 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,940 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 12,765 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,110 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,290 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 690 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,000 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 208,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 47,945 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 77,610 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 33,855 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 31,680 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,870 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 529,465 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 453,525 221,615 231,915 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 272,475 136,415 136,065 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 223,715 112,110 111,610 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 48,760 24,305 24,455 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 181,050 85,200 95,845 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 110,220 60,820 49,405 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 15,445 6,885 8,565 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 28,115 11,525 16,595 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 27,265 5,975 21,290 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 159,360 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 83,850 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 33,505 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 30,155 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,850 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 159,360 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 133,745 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 109,385 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,360 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,610 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 19,765 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 5,845 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 133,750 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 68,495 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 65,250 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 25,815 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 28,145 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 11,295 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,610 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 15,360 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 7,690 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,570 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 77,800 36,865 40,930 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 208,970 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 148,885 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 64,110 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 84,770 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,160 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,925 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 47,945 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,980 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 533,745 262,945 270,800 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 495,615 246,505 249,110 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 370 180 185 1,810 820 985
English and French 35,400 15,275 20,120 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,360 985 1,380 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 533,745 262,945 270,800 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 519,920 256,580 263,340 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 10,620 5,005 5,620 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 925 425 500 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,280 935 1,345 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,085 5,215 5,870 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 533,745 262,945 270,800 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 527,430 259,985 267,440 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 476,930 235,460 241,465 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 465,555 230,100 235,455 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 11,370 5,360 6,015 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 50,505 24,525 25,975 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 295 140 155 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 255 125 130 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 235 110 125 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 235 110 125 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 15 0 10 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 5 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,210 24,390 25,820 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 835 750 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 10 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,560 825 740 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 40 20 25 1,370 670 700
Arabic 710 400 305 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 350 165 185 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 55 30 30 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 145 85 65 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 205 100 110 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,165 530 630 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 225 105 120 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 940 425 510 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,720 565 1,150 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 75 20 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 100 30 70 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 60 20 40 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,435 480 960 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 45 30 15 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 865 435 430 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 15 5 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 130 70 60 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 685 335 350 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 25 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 38,295 18,975 19,320 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 125 70 60 1,465 765 705
Armenian 100 45 45 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 9,395 4,450 4,945 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 455 225 235 1,070 485 585
Latvian 200 95 105 565 255 300
Lithuanian 255 125 130 505 225 280
Slavic languages 8,935 4,230 4,705 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 65 30 35 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 80 35 40 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 460 240 225 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 440 205 235 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 315 165 155 325 160 165
Polish 3,475 1,635 1,845 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 2,230 1,055 1,175 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 280 140 140 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 295 140 150 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 965 430 535 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 345 175 170
Celtic languages 45 10 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 240 130 110
Welsh 20 5 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 8,665 4,060 4,605 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 100 50 55 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 290 130 160 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,550 1,280 1,275 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 50 25 20 295 145 145
German 5,435 2,475 2,955 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 25 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 115 40 70 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 445 220 225
Yiddish 25 15 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 845 440 410 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,195 2,195 1,995 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,245 1,715 1,530 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 135 70 65 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 560 300 260 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 370 200 170 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 10 620 325 295
Nepali 15 5 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,005 550 450 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 20 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,030 520 510 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 920 465 460 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 25 25 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 850 430 420 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 14,930 7,705 7,225 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 5,920 3,250 2,670 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 4,650 2,385 2,270 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 520 240 275 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,825 1,820 2,010 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 105 65 40
Japanese 180 55 120 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 765 360 410 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 250 140 110 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 60 30 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 20 20 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 45 20 25 215 100 115
Swahili 25 10 10 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 55 35 20 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 115 55 65 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 60 20 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,865 1,335 1,535 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 2,830 1,315 1,515 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 880 400 480 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 10 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,695 800 890 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 45 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 60 70 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 5 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 250 95 150 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 170 80 90 1,100 550 550
Thai 75 10 60 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 195 100 95 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 170 90 80 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,915 870 1,040 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 200 90 115 705 295 410
Finnish 530 220 310 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,180 560 620 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 6,315 2,960 3,355 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,640 685 960 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,405 2,150 2,255 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 125 60 65 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 140 60 75 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 533,745 262,940 270,800 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 522,630 257,590 265,040 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 505,225 249,150 256,075 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 501,525 247,420 254,110 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,700 1,730 1,965 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 17,410 8,440 8,970 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 65 35 30 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 30 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 30 30 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 5 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,340 8,410 8,930 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 315 345 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 655 310 345 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 20 10 10 600 275 320
Arabic 295 140 150 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 95 115 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 70 35 30 900 465 440
Maltese 25 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 710 330 385 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 60 800 375 420
Vietnamese 610 285 320 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 485 215 270 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 35 15 20 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 425 190 235 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 585 280 305 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 70 35 30 1,225 615 605
Tamil 495 235 265 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 10 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 11,750 5,750 6,005 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 60 25 30 695 335 360
Armenian 35 20 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 3,535 1,730 1,805 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 90 40 50 210 90 115
Latvian 25 15 15 80 30 50
Lithuanian 65 25 35 125 60 65
Slavic languages 3,450 1,690 1,760 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 25 15 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 10 10 1,035 485 550
Croatian 100 55 50 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 90 45 50 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 90 45 50 150 75 75
Polish 1,220 590 630 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,470 720 745 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 85 50 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 500 235 265
Slovak 60 30 30 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 220 105 115 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 795 350 445 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 40 20 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 125 55 70 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 605 270 335 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 10 0 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 205 100 105 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,375 1,225 1,150 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,875 980 895 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 65 35 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 410 210 200 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 130 65 70 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 5 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 10 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 315 265 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 25 10 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 675 330 340
Urdu 590 310 285 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 490 245 255 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 10 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 20 10 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 455 220 230 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,750 2,305 2,445 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,255 600 655 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,635 800 835 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 210 100 110 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,645 800 850 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 5 10
Japanese 70 35 40 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 530 255 275 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 35 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 15 5 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 15 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 135 80 55 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 40 20 20 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 100 65 30 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,760 850 910 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,745 845 905 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 520 240 280 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,140 560 575 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 10 0 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 1,380 595 785
Lao 70 35 40 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 95 50 45 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 85 45 40 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 390 170 215 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 80 30 50 725 325 400
Hungarian 290 135 155 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,115 5,355 5,765 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 940 415 525 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 9,960 4,835 5,130 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 40 20 20 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 175 85 90 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 533,745 262,945 270,805 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 498,750 246,635 252,115 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,525 4,625 4,895 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 7,140 3,110 4,030 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 17,845 8,360 9,480 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 440 205 230 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 17,405 8,155 9,250 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 50 25 25 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 185 85 100 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 250 95 155 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 442,945 216,385 226,560 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,620 209,050 218,570 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,890 41,673 28,215 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 427,775 209,070 218,705 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,762 37,003 26,076 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,360 192,545 193,815 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,619 40,156 24,784 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 308,980 138,130 170,850 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,401 5,257 6,857 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 316,360 163,680 152,680 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,363 39,689 26,679 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 442,945 216,420 226,525 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,640 209,080 218,560 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,017 53,456 36,944 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 427,820 209,090 218,730 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,632 43,765 31,770 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 386,340 192,735 193,610 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,349 52,471 34,267 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 308,850 137,875 170,975 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,107 7,715 8,423 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 316,360 163,690 152,670 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,515 50,058 34,429 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 442,945 216,420 226,525 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 154,355 88,145 66,210 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,140 58,470 45,135 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,995 68,013 51,651 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.4 82.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.8 65.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.6 17.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 442,945 216,380 226,560 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 15,320 7,335 7,990 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 427,625 209,045 218,570 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,520 24,340 33,185 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 73,515 28,705 44,810 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 62,600 25,815 36,780 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 50,075 22,140 27,930 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 43,740 21,180 22,560 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 34,445 18,765 15,680 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 26,755 15,925 10,825 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 20,120 12,760 7,360 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 15,420 9,895 5,530 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 12,850 7,645 5,210 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 30,590 21,885 8,700 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 21,930 15,325 6,605 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 8,655 6,555 2,100 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 442,945 216,380 226,560 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 15,170 7,310 7,855 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 427,775 209,065 218,705 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,765 24,875 34,890 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 77,235 30,320 46,910 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 72,100 30,200 41,900 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 59,470 27,420 32,050 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 49,470 25,975 23,495 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 35,565 21,240 14,325 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 25,245 16,100 9,140 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 18,035 11,180 6,855 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 30,900 21,765 9,140 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,635 7,570 4,070 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,115 4,360 1,755 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 13,145 9,830 3,315 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 442,945 216,380 226,565 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 126,585 52,700 73,880 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 316,360 163,680 152,680 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.4 75.6 67.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,985 22,550 23,430 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 26,255 11,210 15,045 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 42,600 18,305 24,295 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 35,385 15,685 19,700 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 32,690 14,565 18,130 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 29,390 14,630 14,755 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 24,125 13,570 10,550 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 18,655 11,540 7,110 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 14,955 9,700 5,255 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 46,325 31,915 14,405 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 12,010 7,880 4,125 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,290 6,500 4,785 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 23,025 17,535 5,495 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 208,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,358 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,178 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 47,945 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,209 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,598 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 161,020 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,096 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,739 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 208,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,125 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,045 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,980 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,633 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,695 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 160,990 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,384 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,177 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 208,970 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,170 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,450 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,240 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,210 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,095 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,200 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,825 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,575 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,355 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,710 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,685 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,625 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,330 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,845 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,790 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,535 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,165 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 208,970 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,395 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,045 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,560 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,565 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,110 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,925 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,465 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,330 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,215 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,305 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,945 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,635 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,460 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,225 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,980 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,795 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,000 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,120 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,675 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 156,085 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,535 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,203 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 62,465 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,410 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,897 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,040 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,384 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,216 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,225 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,938 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,750 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 156,085 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,048 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,763 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 62,330 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,813 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,235 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,180 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,550 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,028 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,185 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,740 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,342 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,310 32,155 34,160 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,557 35,852 30,181 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,664 32,027 27,900 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,095 31,870 34,235 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,188 45,488 41,047 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,331 37,687 35,070 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 529,465 260,685 268,785 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 252,015 120,260 131,750 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 42,035 20,290 21,740 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 48,275 21,740 26,535 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 51,915 24,645 27,270 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 53,955 26,055 27,900 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 55,835 27,530 28,300 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 277,450 140,420 137,035 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 57,190 28,395 28,795 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 58,745 29,680 29,070 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 59,005 29,955 29,050 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 57,605 29,295 28,310 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 44,905 23,100 21,810 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,735 259,810 267,920 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 104,860 53,705 51,160 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 32,210 16,560 15,645 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 327,640 161,150 166,490 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 95,235 44,955 50,275 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 61,115 28,265 32,855 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 15,860 8,200 7,660 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,215 2,745 2,470 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 35,985 16,565 19,420 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 9,275 3,495 5,780 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 10.9 12.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.3 15.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.6 15.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.3 11.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 9.7 7.8 11.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 27,690 13,690 14,000 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 6,215 3,185 3,030 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,990 1,035 950 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 19,985 9,855 10,130 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,485 650 835 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.3 5.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.9 5.9 5.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.2 6.3 6.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.4 1.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 529,465 260,685 268,785 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 527,170 259,705 267,465 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 526,770 259,550 267,215 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 35,310 14,860 20,455 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 65,700 31,770 33,930 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 970 430 545 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 885 405 480 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 20 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 20 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 850 390 460 310 100 205
Algonquin 15 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 835 380 450 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 35 15 25 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 35 15 20 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 40 10 30 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,735 31,345 33,395 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,415 1,255 1,155 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 20 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,395 1,245 1,145 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 45 25 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,240 675 565 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 175 230 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 65 40 25 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 525 275 245 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 275 135 135 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,475 685 795 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 415 165 250 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,075 520 560 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,345 795 1,545 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 115 30 80 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 105 20 80 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 130 60 70 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 725 1,435 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 230 115 115 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 110 50 55 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,155 575 580 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 50 25 25 510 250 265
Malayalam 250 135 115 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 850 400 450 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 60 35 20 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 49,345 24,265 25,075 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 145 85 65 1,640 840 795
Armenian 175 90 85 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 10,815 5,145 5,670 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 600 280 315 1,030 515 520
Latvian 290 140 145 555 290 265
Lithuanian 315 135 170 475 220 250
Slavic languages 10,305 4,920 5,385 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 170 90 80 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 125 55 65 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 740 400 340 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 535 240 290 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 400 200 200 400 220 185
Polish 4,130 1,945 2,185 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,865 1,365 1,500 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 400 215 190 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 1,525 770 750
Slovak 310 135 175 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 350 185 160 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,225 560 670 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 125 70 55 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 660 395 265
Welsh 30 10 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 11,025 5,225 5,800 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 220 105 110 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 360 170 190 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,965 1,395 1,575 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 80 35 40 465 230 240
German 7,330 3,525 3,805 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 115 65 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 230 80 150 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 35 15 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,000 510 490 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 5,025 2,620 2,410 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 4,110 2,165 1,940 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 140 80 60 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 755 405 345 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,425 760 660 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 30 0 15 415 215 200
Marathi 25 15 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 25 15 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,415 795 620 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 30 45 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 90 95 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,415 730 690 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 955 475 485 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 15 10 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 115 55 65 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 840 415 425 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 22,160 11,055 11,105 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 8,645 4,575 4,075 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 6,120 3,135 2,985 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 620 285 335 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 7,625 3,440 4,190 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 380 245 140
Japanese 370 185 190 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 900 385 515 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 660 335 325 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 115 60 55 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 15 15 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 35 30 10 425 240 185
Lingala 10 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 155 70 85 415 220 195
Swahili 190 105 85 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 65 30 35 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 960 340 620 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 470 145 325 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 490 190 295 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 3,410 1,670 1,740 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,295 645 650 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,190 1,065 1,125 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 65 75 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 80 95 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 25 10 20 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 295 145 150 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 230 120 110 1,630 735 890
Thai 70 30 40 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 300 155 140 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 285 145 130 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,365 1,180 1,185 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 240 110 125 780 350 425
Finnish 600 230 370 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,525 835 690 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 529,465 260,685 268,780 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 515,280 253,925 261,360 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 104,070 53,460 50,615 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 411,210 200,465 210,750 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,185 6,760 7,425 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 529,470 260,680 268,780 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 461,640 228,095 233,545 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 66,120 31,680 34,440 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 34,400 16,615 17,780 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 8,320 4,075 4,245 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 9,305 4,465 4,840 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 9,785 4,560 5,225 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,230 2,470 2,755 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,560 2,095 2,470 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,310 1,965 2,345 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,705 905 800 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 66,120 31,685 34,440 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 9,015 4,455 4,560 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 14,735 7,480 7,260 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 17,070 7,895 9,175 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 21,990 10,385 11,600 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,315 1,470 1,840 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 66,120 31,680 34,435 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 10,030 4,570 5,465 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 390 165 215 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 370 150 220 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 420 195 225 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 795 335 465 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 25 30 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,320 600 725 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 330 145 185 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 195 95 105 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 735 405 335 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,090 1,290 1,800 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,335 1,175 1,165 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 40,915 19,950 20,965 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 100 95 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 405 200 210 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 290 160 130 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,060 1,965 2,100 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 485 265 215 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 820 420 400 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 645 325 320 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 3,905 2,155 1,755 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,645 1,330 1,315 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,650 1,230 1,425 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 3,380 1,695 1,685 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 635 285 350 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 870 405 465 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 290 155 135 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 930 425 505 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,745 6,925 7,820 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,960 1,920 2,040 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,970 1,000 965 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 30 20 10 485 310 175
Egypt 210 110 100 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 55 30 30 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 160 90 75 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 70 45 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 145 75 80 1,740 925 815
Somalia 30 25 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 425 210 215 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 845 410 440 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 12,785 5,950 6,835 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 205 105 95 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 120 60 60 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,840 830 1,010 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 265 140 120 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,790 905 885 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 535 280 255 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 470 240 235 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 115 45 70 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 660 300 360 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 255 140 115 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 930 480 450 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,995 710 1,285 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 660 320 340 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 130 55 80 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 125 55 75 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 830 400 425 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,865 880 985 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 420 215 205 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,310 1,960 2,345 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 755 350 410 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 55 30 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 40 15 20 580 250 325
Cuba 35 0 25 140 60 80
Haiti 15 10 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 65 45 20 625 355 265
Mexico 75 35 40 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 110 145 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 210 90 115 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,145 585 560 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 30 15 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 30 10 20 690 310