Census Profile, 2016 Census
Thunder Bay District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thunder Bay District Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Thunder Bay District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Thunder Bay District Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 151,884 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 147,346 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 74,057 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 64,375 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 230,610.23 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 151,885 75,200 76,685 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 23,895 12,345 11,550 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,765 4,075 3,690 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,155 4,190 3,965 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,975 4,080 3,895 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 99,365 49,645 49,725 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,615 4,470 4,145 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 9,995 5,115 4,880 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,460 4,745 4,710 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,705 4,385 4,320 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,360 4,095 4,265 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,630 4,215 4,415 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,650 4,715 4,940 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 11,815 5,820 5,990 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 12,840 6,390 6,450 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 11,295 5,695 5,600 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 28,625 13,210 15,415 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 9,615 4,815 4,800 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 6,510 3,140 3,370 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 4,880 2,275 2,610 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 3,650 1,600 2,055 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,970 1,385 2,590 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,440 955 1,490 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,205 375 830 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 295 55 235 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 35 5 35 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.4 15.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.0 64.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.8 17.6 20.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.5 41.6 43.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.1 42.9 45.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 46,710 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,555 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,430 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,160 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,640 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,455 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,020 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 150 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 675 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 19,920 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 23,260 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 9,265 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,630 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,300 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 148,915 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 127,990 62,855 65,140 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 71,120 35,535 35,590 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 56,255 28,150 28,105 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 14,865 7,385 7,485 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 56,865 27,315 29,555 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 36,045 20,020 16,020 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,410 1,985 2,420 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,485 3,420 4,065 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 8,930 1,885 7,045 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 43,210 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 23,925 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 9,015 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,110 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,155 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 43,205 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 34,920 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 27,490 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,430 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,290 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,300 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,990 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 34,920 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 18,840 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 16,075 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,795 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,445 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,835 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,290 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 5,085 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,220 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 985 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,490 14,205 14,285 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 41,030 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,170 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,855 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,060 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 22,285 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 19,920 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,365 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 150,030 74,380 75,650 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 136,755 68,370 68,385 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 250 125 125 1,110 530 580
English and French 12,350 5,635 6,715 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 675 245 430 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 150,030 74,380 75,650 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 144,625 71,780 72,850 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,600 2,295 2,305 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 160 80 75 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 645 220 420 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,675 2,335 2,340 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.1 3.1 3.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 150,025 74,375 75,650 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 147,995 73,405 74,590 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 129,480 64,650 64,830 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 124,600 62,225 62,375 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,880 2,420 2,460 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 18,520 8,755 9,760 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5,595 2,640 2,950 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5,585 2,640 2,945 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 375 175 205 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 330 160 175 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5,205 2,465 2,740 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,055 995 1,060 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 3,145 1,465 1,685 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,920 6,110 6,810 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 290 175 115 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 5 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 280 170 115 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 260 160 105 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 50 80 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 135 50 80 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 275 95 180 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 15 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 75 140 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 20 10 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 200 105 95 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 130 60 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 35 25 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 25 15 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,495 4,065 4,435 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 5 5 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,410 1,025 1,380 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 25 10 15 645 280 370
Latvian 15 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 0 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,380 1,015 1,365 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 5 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 280 135 140 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 45 25 20 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 955 400 555 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 110 45 60 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 40 10 25 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 160 65 90 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 45 40 545 250 290
Ukrainian 665 260 405 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 0 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,360 640 720 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 75 35 35 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 380 180 195 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 810 380 435 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 50 20 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 135 65 70 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 660 375 285 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 540 305 230 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 70 45 30 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 110 65 40 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 125 75 55 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 25 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 50 40 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 0 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 100 50 50 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 120 70 55 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 120 65 50 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,915 1,950 1,965 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,055 1,525 1,535 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 440 225 220 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 55 30 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 355 170 180 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 40 10 25 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 85 45 40 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 30 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 10 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 45 15 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 30 10 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 810 395 410 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 565 280 295 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 195 80 115 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 320 170 150 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 120 115 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 25 10 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 205 105 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 20 5 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 10 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 15 5 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,420 1,075 1,340 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 25 15 455 195 260
Finnish 2,225 975 1,255 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 155 80 70 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,035 975 1,055 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 460 225 235 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,515 720 795 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 35 20 15 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 150,025 74,380 75,650 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 147,190 73,075 74,115 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 140,460 69,830 70,630 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 138,670 68,955 69,710 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,790 870 920 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 6,730 3,235 3,490 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 3,065 1,505 1,560 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 3,060 1,505 1,560 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 55 85 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 75 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,925 1,450 1,475 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 820 440 380 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 2,105 1,010 1,095 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,665 1,735 1,930 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 140 85 55 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 145 85 60 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 140 85 55 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 35 45 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 75 35 45 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 75 30 45 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 30 45 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 0 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 95 45 45 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 55 25 30 885 450 435
Tamil 15 10 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 10 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 2,090 960 1,135 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 465 190 275 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 465 185 270 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 75 30 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 235 95 135 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 30 15 15 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 0 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 60 20 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 70 35 40 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 50 25 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 40 15 20 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 375 205 175 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 310 165 140 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 40 25 25 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 60 35 25 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 65 40 25 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 20 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 55 25 25 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 70 35 40 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 65 30 30 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 65 35 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,135 515 625 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 835 370 465 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 140 60 75 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 20 15 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 135 65 70 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 50 25 25 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 65 35 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 10 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 485 255 235 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 315 170 150 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 95 45 45 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 195 105 95 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 165 85 85 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 10 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 150 75 75 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 545 245 300 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 525 235 290 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,835 1,310 1,530 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 335 175 165 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,470 1,120 1,345 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 30 10 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 150,030 74,380 75,650 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 136,930 68,195 68,730 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 3,910 1,930 1,985 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,575 1,180 1,390 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 6,500 3,020 3,480 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 2,380 1,090 1,290 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,115 1,930 2,190 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 5 965 435 530
English and non-official language 40 20 15 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 85 30 55 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 125,045 61,575 63,470 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 121,015 59,640 61,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,198 42,171 29,781 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 121,060 59,640 61,415 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,022 37,688 27,432 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,080 53,795 53,280 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,660 39,826 26,500 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,830 41,875 47,955 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,637 7,691 7,608 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,395 44,455 41,940 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,107 39,085 28,743 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 125,045 61,645 63,400 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 121,000 59,675 61,325 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,031 51,508 36,755 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 121,040 59,670 61,365 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,307 42,821 31,945 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,875 53,735 53,145 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,394 50,393 34,306 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,805 41,920 47,890 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,872 8,728 8,999 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,395 44,495 41,900 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,856 48,533 34,764 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 125,045 61,645 63,400 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 37,700 20,560 17,135 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,446 61,276 47,954 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,041 69,378 53,239 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.1 88.1 81.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.8 70.1 64.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.9 11.9 18.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 125,045 61,575 63,470 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,030 1,940 2,095 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 121,015 59,640 61,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.9 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,585 6,950 8,635 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 19,920 7,755 12,165 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 17,055 6,980 10,075 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 14,870 6,685 8,190 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 13,230 6,370 6,855 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 10,665 5,675 4,990 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 7,785 4,690 3,095 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,745 3,570 2,180 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,315 2,690 1,625 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,625 2,220 1,410 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 8,220 6,060 2,160 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,165 4,510 1,655 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,055 1,550 510 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 125,045 61,575 63,470 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,985 1,935 2,050 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 121,060 59,640 61,420 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 96.9 96.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,125 7,035 9,090 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 20,910 8,175 12,735 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 19,740 8,240 11,500 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 17,705 8,265 9,440 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 15,345 7,895 7,450 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 10,385 6,170 4,215 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,180 4,520 2,660 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,310 3,300 2,010 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 8,365 6,040 2,320 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,395 2,285 1,105 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,645 1,245 405 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,320 2,510 810 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 125,045 61,575 63,470 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 38,645 17,120 21,525 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 86,400 44,455 41,940 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.1 72.2 66.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,480 6,855 6,620 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,760 3,025 3,740 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 11,040 4,850 6,195 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 9,140 4,125 5,020 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,570 3,705 4,865 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,325 3,620 4,700 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 7,080 3,720 3,365 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,205 3,165 2,040 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,165 2,605 1,560 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,620 8,785 3,840 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,375 2,105 1,265 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,060 1,845 1,220 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,190 4,835 1,355 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,427 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,910 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 19,920 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,942 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,680 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 44,455 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,427 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,698 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,759 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,144 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 19,900 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,003 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,721 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 44,475 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,546 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,098 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 64,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 815 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 995 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,250 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,550 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,015 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,515 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,835 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,950 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,830 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,745 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,180 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,670 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,340 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,800 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,470 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,420 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,960 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,595 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,880 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,985 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,375 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 860 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,000 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,300 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,665 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,340 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,895 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,320 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,435 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,350 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,235 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,840 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,435 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,850 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,270 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,595 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,995 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,375 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,640 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,980 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 42,805 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,799 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,969 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 17,775 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,542 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,351 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,260 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,372 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,193 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,550 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,678 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,701 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 42,875 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,087 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,438 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 17,785 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,490 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,828 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,345 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,138 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,989 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,490 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,387 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,543 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 24,935 12,500 12,435 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,943 34,347 29,946 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,289 31,000 27,881 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,715 12,315 12,400 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,198 43,539 36,881 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,488 36,662 32,329 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 148,915 73,915 75,005 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 72,745 35,000 37,750 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 16,685 8,260 8,430 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 14,195 6,430 7,765 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 13,650 6,435 7,215 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 13,830 6,640 7,185 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 14,385 7,230 7,155 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 76,170 38,915 37,255 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 15,210 7,530 7,680 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 15,330 7,780 7,550 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 16,375 8,390 7,985 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 16,450 8,550 7,905 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 12,800 6,665 6,135 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 138,860 68,845 70,020 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 25,175 13,030 12,150 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,065 4,225 3,845 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 87,665 43,545 44,120 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 26,025 12,270 13,755 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,175 9,000 10,180 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,995 2,620 2,375 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,890 995 885 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,430 5,410 6,020 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,755 970 1,780 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.8 13.1 14.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.8 20.1 19.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.4 23.6 23.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.4 13.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.6 7.9 12.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,345 5,260 5,085 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,410 1,285 1,125 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 990 535 455 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,480 3,795 3,680 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 455 170 285 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.6 7.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.9 9.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.7 11.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.5 8.7 8.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.4 2.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 148,915 73,910 75,000 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 148,265 73,660 74,605 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 148,020 73,530 74,495 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 12,540 5,795 6,745 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 22,985 11,000 11,985 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 7,020 3,350 3,665 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 7,005 3,345 3,660 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 460 205 255 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 440 195 245 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,580 3,155 3,430 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 2,835 1,415 1,420 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 3,810 1,780 2,030 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,980 7,660 8,325 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 260 195 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 435 245 190 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 410 225 185 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 15 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 0 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 35 80 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 120 35 80 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 325 115 210 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 15 0 15 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 10 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 0 15 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 45 25 20 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 270 85 185 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 80 60 20 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 175 90 90 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 115 55 60 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 45 15 25 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 20 15 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,705 5,235 5,465 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,560 1,135 1,425 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 20 0 15 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,540 1,130 1,410 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 315 175 140 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 70 35 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 10 0 345 180 160
Polish 1,170 525 650 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 155 55 95 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 90 35 50 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 180 80 100 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 35 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 615 235 380 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,570 745 825 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 30 20 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 90 40 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 325 175 150 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 20 0 20 120 55 65
German 1,065 490 580 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 10 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 65 20 45 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 215 115 100 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 980 555 425 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 790 445 345 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 195 115 80 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 125 70 50 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 335 195 140 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 20 10 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 25 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 115 60 50 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 10 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 195 100 95 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 200 115 85 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 20 20 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 180 100 80 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,515 2,735 2,780 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,030 2,025 2,000 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 550 270 285 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 20 10 0 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,000 465 540 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 220 130 85
Japanese 75 40 35 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 165 70 90 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 185 105 75 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 20 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 15 15 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 10 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 30 20 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 200 85 120 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 110 30 80 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 55 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 420 465 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 575 280 305 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 235 100 135 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 335 175 155 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 0 20 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 300 140 160 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 80 45 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 275 125 150 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 0 15 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 30 15 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,830 1,235 1,590 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 55 15 40 495 205 295
Finnish 2,590 1,130 1,465 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 190 95 95 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 148,915 73,910 75,005 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 146,060 72,495 73,570 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,870 14,875 13,995 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 117,190 57,625 59,570 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,855 1,420 1,435 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 148,915 73,910 75,005 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,230 67,650 68,580 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,715 5,745 5,965 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,690 3,660 4,035 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 990 505 485 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,000 510 490 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,270 670 600 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 560 315 245 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 705 350 350 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 760 405 360 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 975 520 455 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,710 5,745 5,965 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,935 970 960 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,515 1,255 1,260 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,170 1,540 1,635 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,700 1,805 1,895 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 395 175 220 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,710 5,745 5,965 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,420 620 805 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 15 0 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 50 25 30 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 30 25 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 15 10 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 35 20 20 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 60 15 45 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 20 15 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 35 10 25 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,020 430 585 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 150 75 70 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,985 3,905 4,080 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 190 115 75 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 100 45 50 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 720 360 360 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 85 40 45 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 105 65 35 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 45 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,255 1,175 1,085 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 270 125 150 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 670 310 360 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 300 155 145 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 25 15 15 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 55 25 35 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 75 30 40 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 95 35 55 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,310 630 685 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,620 715 910 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 305 205 100 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 10 15 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 25 15 15 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 40 35 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 20 20 0 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 190 105 85 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,890 940 955 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 20 15 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 115 70 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 245 125 120 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 35 25 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 225 145 80 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 125 70 50 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 20 10 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 0 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 30 15 15 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 25 20 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 115 50 60 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 300 110 190 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 0 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 15 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 90 35 50 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 465 235 235 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 115 75 30 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 760 405 360 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 150 65 85 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 0 10 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 45 55 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 30 15 20 1,855 875 975
Europe 80 40 40 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 15 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania