Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 535,154 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 507,096 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 214,299 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 203,832 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 390.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,368.92 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 535,150 264,265 270,890 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 95,385 48,785 46,600 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 30,395 15,565 14,840 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 32,730 16,785 15,945 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 32,260 16,445 15,820 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 362,585 180,580 182,005 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 33,610 17,205 16,405 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 39,735 20,710 19,020 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 37,480 18,920 18,560 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 36,605 18,135 18,475 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 35,110 17,270 17,840 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 35,770 17,560 18,210 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 37,375 18,405 18,970 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 40,190 19,830 20,360 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 36,330 17,895 18,435 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 30,380 14,650 15,730 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 77,190 34,905 42,280 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 25,425 12,170 13,255 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 18,225 8,505 9,725 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 13,405 6,245 7,165 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 9,885 4,270 5,615 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 10,240 3,715 6,525 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 6,520 2,460 4,060 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,030 1,110 1,925 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 605 135 470 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 85 10 75 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.8 68.3 67.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.5 37.4 39.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 203,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 113,470 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,965 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,185 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,930 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 22,635 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,965 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,355 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 210 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 203,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 49,755 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 67,720 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 33,720 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 33,205 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 19,425 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 527,345 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 439,775 215,480 224,290 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 256,630 128,175 128,455 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 218,270 109,030 109,240 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 38,355 19,145 19,210 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 183,145 87,305 95,835 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 123,785 67,615 56,170 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 13,175 5,610 7,565 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 24,355 9,465 14,890 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 21,825 4,620 17,205 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,835 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 70,605 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 33,015 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 32,135 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,080 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,835 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 125,840 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 106,675 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,165 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,995 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 19,115 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,875 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 125,845 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 56,535 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 69,310 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 25,775 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 30,125 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 13,410 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,995 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 14,070 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 7,235 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,685 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 82,230 41,075 41,155 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 203,835 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 140,800 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 52,885 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 87,910 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,435 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 58,600 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 49,760 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,840 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 529,420 262,020 267,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 485,285 243,135 242,155 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 220 80 135 1,110 530 580
English and French 34,620 14,965 19,655 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 9,305 3,845 5,460 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 529,425 262,020 267,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 511,840 254,255 257,590 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,830 2,745 3,085 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,605 1,255 1,350 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 9,145 3,770 5,370 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,135 3,375 3,765 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 529,420 262,025 267,400 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 519,345 257,070 262,275 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 395,355 196,510 198,845 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 389,415 193,690 195,730 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,945 2,825 3,120 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 123,995 60,565 63,430 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,960 60,550 63,410 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,030 4,900 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 20 15 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 20 10 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 1,355 675 680
Bilen 95 50 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 45 165 95 75
Somali 990 465 525 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 8,685 4,435 4,255 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 800 380 420 1,140 560 585
Arabic 6,555 3,400 3,155 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 140 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 20 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 115 60 50 1,770 960 805
Maltese 65 30 30 80 40 40
Tigrigna 780 370 405 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,960 1,910 2,045 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 140 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,690 1,785 1,905 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 105 30 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 120 40 75 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 5 0 15 0 10
Malay 170 70 100 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,710 615 1,095 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 155 75 80 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,770 955 815 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 90 50 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 625 320 295 1,750 905 845
Tamil 735 395 335 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 320 180 140 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 255 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 84,715 41,495 43,220 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 990 515 475 1,090 560 530
Armenian 650 325 325 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 18,400 8,845 9,555 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 170 85 80 645 280 370
Latvian 85 45 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 85 40 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 18,235 8,760 9,470 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 530 270 265 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 145 75 75 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,090 1,060 1,035 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 740 345 390 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 250 120 135 250 120 135
Polish 5,270 2,460 2,805 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,780 820 960 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,525 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 275 1,145 545 600
Slovak 575 255 315 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 545 250 290
Ukrainian 780 330 455 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 180 90 90
Celtic languages 30 20 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 15 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 18,005 8,620 9,385 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 110 60 50 1,435 730 705
Danish 180 85 90 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,095 970 1,125 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 15 15 80 30 50
German 15,400 7,390 8,010 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 35 15 20 835 410 430
Swedish 75 40 35 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 30 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,330 660 670 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 19,610 10,130 9,480 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 14,210 7,325 6,875 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 915 495 420 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,775 1,425 1,345 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,565 850 715 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 45 25 20 225 110 110
Marathi 155 75 80 535 280 255
Nepali 255 135 120 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,740 2,400 2,345 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 240 110 130 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 130 125 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,240 1,660 1,575 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,190 2,700 2,495 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 635 350 285 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,020 540 480 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,810 1,725 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 25,700 12,385 13,315 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,915 1,010 905 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 9,780 4,665 5,110 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 5,560 2,690 2,865 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,435 4,010 4,430 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 425 160 265 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,090 1,000 1,090 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 660 310 350 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 65 40 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 20 10 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 35 20 10 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 105 45 55
Shona 90 40 50 150 70 85
Swahili 145 60 80 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 80 45 35 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 135 150 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 190 85 100
Sign languages 120 60 60 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 30 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,055 6,420 6,635 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 12,680 6,220 6,465 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,200 1,075 1,130 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 75 35 45 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 9,400 4,600 4,800 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 120 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 50 55 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 310 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 200 180 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 75 65 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 125 65 60 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,155 520 635 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,025 485 545 800 405 400
Thai 125 35 90 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 915 460 450 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 70 40 30 495 275 225
Turkish 785 395 390 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 5 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,955 950 1,005 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 100 45 50 455 195 260
Finnish 155 70 75 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,710 835 875 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 10,075 4,950 5,125 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,255 600 655 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 8,360 4,135 4,230 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 230 110 120 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 230 110 125 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 529,420 262,025 267,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 506,010 250,545 255,470 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 441,795 219,315 222,475 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 440,135 218,555 221,580 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,660 755 900 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 64,220 31,230 32,985 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,215 31,225 32,985 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,130 3,250 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 695 315 380
Bilen 85 45 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 35 80 40 35
Somali 655 295 355 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 5,560 2,755 2,805 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 530 245 285 535 250 290
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,100 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 90 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 305 160 145
Harari 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 25 30 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 510 235 275 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,305 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 70 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,380 1,150 1,235 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 780 330 445 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 30 15 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 65 25 30 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 85 35 50 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 920 490 435 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 35 20 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 360 190 175 885 450 435
Tamil 355 190 165 1,935 965 965
Telugu 155 85 75 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 100 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 40,615 19,720 20,895 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 545 280 265 530 255 270
Armenian 410 200 210 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,810 4,270 4,545 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 20 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,795 4,260 4,535 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 260 135 125 540 270 270
Bulgarian 60 35 35 925 425 495
Croatian 865 420 445 1,795 840 955
Czech 240 115 120 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 130 60 70 120 60 60
Polish 2,165 1,045 1,120 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 990 475 515 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,235 1,590 1,645 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 120 435 205 235
Slovak 200 90 110 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 60 25 35
Ukrainian 275 120 155 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 6,700 3,255 3,440 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 415 200 215 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 6,165 2,995 3,175 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 10 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Greek 470 210 260 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 11,920 5,945 5,975 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,360 4,180 4,185 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 530 270 265 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,675 830 845 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 755 395 365 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 5 40 15 15
Marathi 65 30 35 245 125 120
Nepali 155 75 75 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,560 1,555 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 110 50 60 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 65 595 290 305
Urdu 1,810 900 910 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,445 1,715 1,730 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 340 175 170 1,025 515 505
Pashto 615 305 310 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,255 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 11,760 5,555 6,200 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 365 165 195 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,050 1,875 2,170 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,720 1,315 1,405 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 4,615 2,185 2,425 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 245 115 130 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,500 705 795 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 25 10 20 40 15 20
Swahili 60 25 30 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 60 60 105 50 55
Dinka 0 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 60 20 40
Sign languages 175 95 80 830 460 370
American Sign Language 85 45 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 40 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,980 4,455 4,525 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 8,650 4,285 4,365 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,165 575 590 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 40 20 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,890 3,405 3,480 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 200 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,630 820 810
Burmese 135 75 65 685 350 335
Karenic languages 120 60 60 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 300 1,015 435 580
Lao 510 245 270 335 160 175
Thai 45 20 30 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 430 215 215 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 185 95 90
Turkish 390 195 190 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 525 260 270 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 0 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 510 255 260 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 23,410 11,480 11,935 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 685 310 370 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 22,260 10,955 11,305 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 65 25 40 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 410 185 220 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 529,425 262,020 267,405 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 459,610 228,160 231,450 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 28,055 13,960 14,100 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,885 2,065 2,820 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 35,675 17,275 18,400 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 45 15 35 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 35,625 17,260 18,365 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 190 85 110 965 435 530
English and non-official language 590 305 285 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 395 170 225 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 432,125 212,465 219,660 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,535 204,490 210,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,714 43,403 29,634 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,590 204,490 210,100 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,338 38,445 27,299 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 376,435 189,765 186,665 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,853 43,569 27,518 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,110 128,850 160,265 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,448 1,317 4,854 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,105 166,610 153,495 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,432 44,376 29,886 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 432,125 212,465 219,660 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,825 204,570 210,255 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,906 55,929 38,126 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,875 204,580 210,300 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,984 45,380 32,762 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 376,270 189,665 186,600 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,358 56,078 36,479 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,530 129,290 160,245 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,957 6,229 7,545 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,105 166,595 153,510 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,299 54,861 37,008 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 432,125 212,465 219,660 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 165,235 94,445 70,790 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,558 60,518 47,287 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,969 72,967 54,300 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.7 93.0 84.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 79.7 70.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.3 7.0 15.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 432,125 212,465 219,660 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 17,590 7,980 9,610 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 414,535 204,485 210,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,700 24,660 33,040 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 66,075 25,965 40,105 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 55,730 22,835 32,900 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 48,005 21,425 26,580 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 43,550 20,985 22,560 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 35,025 18,930 16,100 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 26,510 15,455 11,060 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 19,785 12,120 7,670 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 15,235 9,570 5,665 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 13,475 8,035 5,440 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 33,445 24,515 8,930 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 22,830 16,370 6,460 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 10,615 8,145 2,465 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,125 212,465 219,660 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 17,535 7,975 9,565 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 414,590 204,495 210,100 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,100 25,055 34,045 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 69,340 27,295 42,050 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 64,905 27,010 37,900 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 58,555 27,265 31,290 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 50,160 26,245 23,910 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 35,380 20,455 14,930 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 24,560 15,330 9,225 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 19,080 11,670 7,405 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 33,515 24,170 9,345 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 11,250 7,615 3,640 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 6,690 4,765 1,925 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 15,570 11,795 3,780 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 432,125 212,470 219,660 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 112,020 45,855 66,160 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 320,105 166,605 153,500 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.1 78.4 69.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 39,600 18,670 20,930 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 24,960 10,795 14,160 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 40,695 17,685 23,010 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 33,105 14,215 18,885 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 33,735 14,950 18,785 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 32,350 16,050 16,305 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 27,385 15,525 11,855 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 20,690 12,515 8,175 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 15,905 10,040 5,875 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 51,675 36,165 15,510 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 12,950 8,325 4,620 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,660 7,085 4,575 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 27,065 20,760 6,305 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 203,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,530 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,887 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,755 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,137 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,040 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 154,075 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,557 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,406 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 203,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,459 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,347 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,830 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,829 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,980 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 154,000 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,871 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,085 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 203,835 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,105 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,095 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,505 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,955 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,420 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,715 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,520 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,975 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,030 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,030 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,470 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,545 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,935 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,865 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,150 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 73,530 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,230 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,845 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,335 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,115 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 203,835 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,305 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,145 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,585 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,225 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,355 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,570 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,975 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,405 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,625 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,625 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,435 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,245 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 16,240 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,735 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,745 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,195 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,695 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,860 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 147,370 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,287 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,798 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 51,670 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,025 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,444 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 69,735 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,243 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,740 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,080 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,313 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,844 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 147,265 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,962 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,772 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 51,665 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,085 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,356 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 69,835 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,108 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,133 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,965 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,311 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,926 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,415 36,565 34,845 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,554 35,492 30,013 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,752 31,924 27,839 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,535 36,290 35,245 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,507 44,405 38,522 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,103 36,841 33,314 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,340 261,140 266,195 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 241,655 116,150 125,505 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 46,480 22,775 23,705 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 43,585 19,670 23,915 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 47,480 22,330 25,150 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 50,600 24,675 25,925 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 53,510 26,695 26,815 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 285,690 144,990 140,695 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 56,755 28,460 28,290 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 57,570 29,205 28,370 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 59,620 30,200 29,420 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 59,850 30,535 29,315 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 51,890 26,595 25,295 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,340 261,140 266,195 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 114,545 58,490 56,060 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 36,755 18,855 17,900 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 341,320 169,695 171,620 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 71,475 32,955 38,520 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,020 29,800 34,220 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 17,500 8,905 8,600 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,310 3,235 3,075 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 39,045 18,190 20,850 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,475 2,705 4,765 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.7 12.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.2 12.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,395 19,210 19,185 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,600 4,365 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,135 1,620 1,520 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 27,835 13,930 13,905 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,595 680 910 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 7.4 7.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.9 7.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.5 8.6 8.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.2 8.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.1 2.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,345 261,145 266,195 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 518,065 257,325 260,740 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 517,865 257,250 260,615 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 34,660 15,040 19,620 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 147,265 71,920 75,340 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 105 35 70 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 85 25 60 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 20 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 30 35 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 147,165 71,885 75,275 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,315 6,350 5,970 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,525 785 740 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 155 80 80 15 0 15
Oromo 80 40 45 190 110 80
Somali 1,185 610 575 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,125 550 580 1,755 905 855
Arabic 8,665 4,495 4,165 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 120 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 155 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 115 65 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,040 460 580 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 25 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,880 2,330 2,550 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 175 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,590 2,205 2,385 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,800 950 1,845 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 95 15 85 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 55 15 40 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 95 25 65 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 340 150 190 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,380 780 1,605 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 470 240 225 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,285 1,105 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 205 120 90 445 210 235
Malayalam 675 320 355 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,215 675 540 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 470 265 205 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 490 235 260 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 103,295 50,430 52,860 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,045 580 470 1,135 580 555
Armenian 820 395 420 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 21,110 10,130 10,975 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 205 105 95 635 310 325
Latvian 130 75 60 310 175 140
Lithuanian 70 30 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 20,935 10,040 10,895 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 70 25 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 815 390 420 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 160 75 85 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,655 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 935 470 470 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 345 150 195 345 180 160
Polish 5,875 2,725 3,150 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,590 1,160 1,425 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 6,360 3,260 3,100 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 610 285 325 1,240 595 645
Slovak 765 390 370 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 315 145 170 725 330 400
Ukrainian 965 385 575 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 125 250 120 125
Celtic languages 90 50 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 22,140 10,315 11,820 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 230 125 105 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 250 115 140 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,605 1,565 2,040 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 50 30 25 120 55 65
German 19,165 9,055 10,110 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 80 40 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 145 100 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 235 120 110 75 40 30
Greek 1,810 920 890 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 24,165 12,540 11,625 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 19,025 9,935 9,090 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,175 645 535 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,610 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,585 3,475 3,115 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 70 40 25 375 185 190
Marathi 265 140 125 1,275 650 625
Nepali 385 210 175 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,780 3,560 3,225 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 370 175 195 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,595 2,910 2,685 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,620 2,845 2,765 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 835 415 420 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,005 525 485 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,080 2,065 2,010 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 140 180 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 34,750 16,720 18,030 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 15 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,125 1,620 1,505 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 12,085 5,905 6,180 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 6,785 3,260 3,530 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,710 6,420 7,295 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 220 130 85
Japanese 850 435 410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 2,200 1,070 1,135 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 15 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 15 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 90 55 30 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 20 10 15 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 15 15 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 10 20 105 60 45
Igbo 95 70 25 240 140 95
Lingala 100 55 45 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 35 210 95 115
Shona 30 20 15 265 125 140
Swahili 380 180 200 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 230 140 85 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 85 90 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 170 215 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 210 250 120 135
Sign languages 650 240 405 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 455 155 305 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 95 100 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,330 7,425 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 14,350 7,125 7,230 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 155 65 90 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 11,105 5,460 5,645 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 370 180 190 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 70 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 415 370 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 225 205 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 165 80 85 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 120 65 60 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 560 645 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,075 505 565 1,125 505 620
Thai 190 65 125 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,485 795 690 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 150 100 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,285 685 600 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 40 15 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,280 1,125 1,155 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 155 85 75 495 205 295
Finnish 145 65 75 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,985 980 1,005 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,340 261,140 266,200 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 493,440 244,375 249,060 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 110,160 56,240 53,920 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 383,280 188,140 195,145 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,905 16,770 17,135 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,340 261,140 266,200 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 398,665 198,225 200,440 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 119,335 57,895 61,440 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 36,165 17,475 18,695 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 15,810 7,775 8,035 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 23,890 11,705 12,185 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 29,425 14,130 15,290 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 14,700 7,075 7,630 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 14,725 7,060 7,665 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,045 6,815 7,230 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,345 5,025 4,315 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 119,335 57,895 61,440 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 13,865 7,020 6,840 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 24,050 12,540 11,510 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 25,720 11,525 14,195 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 47,410 23,100 24,305 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,290 3,710 4,585 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 119,335 57,895 61,440 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 17,720 8,140 9,580 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 495 220 275 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,650 750 905 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,955 915 1,040 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,310 1,050 1,260 920 415 500
Haiti 35 25 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,920 955 965 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,195 575 620 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 185 90 100 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 680 305 375 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,930 1,605 2,320 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,355 1,650 1,705 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 51,780 25,120 26,655 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,155 1,635 1,520 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,105 1,040 1,065 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 345 180 170 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,735 2,200 2,540 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 585 270 315 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 830 405 430 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 435 210 225 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,150 655 495 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,750 830 920 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,285 1,990 2,290 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 7,160 3,455 3,710 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 5,145 2,440 2,700 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 780 350 430 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,530 1,275 1,260 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 740 335 410 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,355 5,555 5,800 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,700 2,310 2,390 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,250 3,645 3,605 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 55 30 25 430 270 150
Egypt 1,190 630 560 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 955 485 470 1,665 835 825
Kenya 425 200 220 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 50 25 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 305 180 125 1,205 630 575
Somalia 720 335 385 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 510 250 260 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,530 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 42,230 20,805 21,425 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,285 585 705 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 700 370 330 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,395 3,030 3,365 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 790 445 345 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 8,585 4,400 4,185 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,580 860 725 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,955 1,005 945 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 145 45 110 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,460 770 700 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 640 330 310 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,800 1,980 1,815 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,465 915 1,550 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 910 450 460 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,660 850 810 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 460 230 230 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 3,355 1,570 1,785 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,045 2,985 3,060 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 350 185 170 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,050 6,820 7,230 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,790 830 960 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 50 25 25 960 445 520
Colombia 270 100 175 465 220 240
Cuba 90 35 55 70 35 30
Haiti 15 10 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 165 105 65 160 115 45
Mexico 175 85 90 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 230 335 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 415 225 190 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,730 835 900 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 25 15 790 415 370
Germany 125 65 65 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 200 110 90