Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Waterloo Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 535,154 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 507,096 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 214,299 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 203,832 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 390.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,368.92 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 535,150 264,265 270,890 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 95,385 48,785 46,600 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 30,395 15,565 14,840 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 32,730 16,785 15,945 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 32,260 16,445 15,820 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 362,585 180,580 182,005 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 33,610 17,205 16,405 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 39,735 20,710 19,020 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 37,480 18,920 18,560 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 36,605 18,135 18,475 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 35,110 17,270 17,840 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 35,770 17,560 18,210 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 37,375 18,405 18,970 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 40,190 19,830 20,360 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 36,330 17,895 18,435 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 30,380 14,650 15,730 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 77,190 34,905 42,280 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 25,425 12,170 13,255 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 18,225 8,505 9,725 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 13,405 6,245 7,165 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 9,885 4,270 5,615 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 10,240 3,715 6,525 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 6,520 2,460 4,060 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,030 1,110 1,925 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 605 135 470 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 85 10 75 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.8 68.3 67.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.5 37.4 39.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 203,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 113,470 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,965 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,185 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,930 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 22,635 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,965 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,355 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 210 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 203,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 49,755 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 67,720 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 33,720 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 33,205 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 19,425 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 527,345 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 439,775 215,480 224,290 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 256,630 128,175 128,455 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 218,270 109,030 109,240 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 38,355 19,145 19,210 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 183,145 87,305 95,835 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 123,785 67,615 56,170 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 13,175 5,610 7,565 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 24,355 9,465 14,890 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 21,825 4,620 17,205 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,835 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 70,605 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 33,015 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 32,135 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,080 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,835 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 125,840 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 106,675 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,165 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,995 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 19,115 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,875 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 125,845 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 56,535 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 69,310 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 25,775 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 30,125 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 13,410 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,995 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 14,070 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 7,235 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,685 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 82,230 41,075 41,155 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 203,835 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 140,800 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 52,885 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 87,910 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,435 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 58,600 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 49,760 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,840 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 529,420 262,020 267,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 485,285 243,135 242,155 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 220 80 135 1,810 820 985
English and French 34,620 14,965 19,655 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 9,305 3,845 5,460 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 529,425 262,020 267,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 511,840 254,255 257,590 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 5,830 2,745 3,085 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,605 1,255 1,350 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 9,145 3,770 5,370 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,135 3,375 3,765 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 529,420 262,025 267,400 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 519,345 257,070 262,275 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 395,355 196,510 198,845 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 389,415 193,690 195,730 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 5,945 2,825 3,120 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 123,995 60,565 63,430 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,960 60,550 63,410 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,030 4,900 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 20 15 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 20 10 10 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 1,505 765 740
Bilen 95 50 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 45 205 115 95
Somali 990 465 525 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 20 10 15
Semitic languages 8,685 4,435 4,255 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 800 380 420 1,370 670 700
Arabic 6,555 3,400 3,155 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 140 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 20 440 245 200
Harari 15 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 60 50 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 65 30 30 215 100 115
Tigrigna 780 370 405 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,960 1,910 2,045 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 140 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 3,690 1,785 1,905 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 105 30 75 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 120 40 75 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 5 0 20 10 15
Malay 170 70 100 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,710 615 1,095 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 155 75 80 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,770 955 815 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 90 50 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 625 320 295 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 735 395 335 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 320 180 140 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 255 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 84,715 41,495 43,220 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 990 515 475 1,465 765 705
Armenian 650 325 325 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 18,400 8,845 9,555 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 170 85 80 1,070 485 585
Latvian 85 45 35 565 255 300
Lithuanian 85 40 45 505 225 280
Slavic languages 18,235 8,760 9,470 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 530 270 265 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 145 75 75 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,090 1,060 1,035 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 740 345 390 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 250 120 135 325 160 165
Polish 5,270 2,460 2,805 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,780 820 960 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,525 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 275 1,395 670 725
Slovak 575 255 315 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 780 330 455 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 345 175 170
Celtic languages 30 20 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 15 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 18,005 8,620 9,385 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 110 60 50 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 180 85 90 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,095 970 1,125 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 15 15 295 145 145
German 15,400 7,390 8,010 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 35 15 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 75 40 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 30 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,330 660 670 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 19,610 10,130 9,480 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 14,210 7,325 6,875 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 915 495 420 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,775 1,425 1,345 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,565 850 715 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 45 25 20 255 130 125
Marathi 155 75 80 620 325 295
Nepali 255 135 120 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,740 2,400 2,345 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 240 110 130 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 130 125 1,675 845 830
Urdu 3,240 1,660 1,575 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,190 2,700 2,495 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 635 350 285 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,020 540 480 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,810 1,725 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 25,700 12,385 13,315 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 10 5 160 85 75
Italian 1,915 1,010 905 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 9,780 4,665 5,110 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 5,560 2,690 2,865 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 8,435 4,010 4,430 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 425 160 265 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 2,090 1,000 1,090 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 660 310 350 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 65 40 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 85 50 35
Ewe 20 10 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 35 20 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 90 40 50 215 100 115
Swahili 145 60 80 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 80 45 35 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 135 150 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 240 115 125
Sign languages 120 60 60 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 30 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,055 6,420 6,635 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 12,680 6,220 6,465 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,200 1,075 1,130 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 75 35 45 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 9,400 4,600 4,800 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 120 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 50 55 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 310 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 200 180 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 140 75 65 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 125 65 60 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,155 520 635 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 1,025 485 545 1,100 550 550
Thai 125 35 90 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 915 460 450 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 70 40 30 530 290 235
Turkish 785 395 390 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 15 5 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,955 950 1,005 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 100 45 50 705 295 410
Finnish 155 70 75 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,710 835 875 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 10,075 4,950 5,125 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,255 600 655 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 8,360 4,135 4,230 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 230 110 120 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 230 110 125 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 529,420 262,025 267,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 506,010 250,545 255,470 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 441,795 219,315 222,475 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 440,135 218,555 221,580 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,660 755 900 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 64,220 31,230 32,985 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,215 31,225 32,985 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,130 3,250 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 15 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 770 355 415
Bilen 85 45 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 35 90 50 45
Somali 655 295 355 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5,560 2,755 2,805 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 530 245 285 600 275 320
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,100 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 90 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 310 165 145
Harari 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 25 30 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 510 235 275 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,305 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 70 800 375 420
Vietnamese 2,380 1,150 1,235 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 780 330 445 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 30 15 15 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 65 25 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 85 35 50 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 920 490 435 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 35 20 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 360 190 175 1,225 615 605
Tamil 355 190 165 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 155 85 75 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 100 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 40,615 19,720 20,895 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 545 280 265 695 335 360
Armenian 410 200 210 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,810 4,270 4,545 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 20 5 10 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,795 4,260 4,535 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 260 135 125 595 300 300
Bulgarian 60 35 35 1,035 485 550
Croatian 865 420 445 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 240 115 120 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 130 60 70 150 75 75
Polish 2,165 1,045 1,120 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 990 475 515 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,235 1,590 1,645 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 120 500 235 265
Slovak 200 90 110 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 275 120 155 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 6,700 3,255 3,440 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 415 200 215 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 6,165 2,995 3,175 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 10 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 15 5 5
Greek 470 210 260 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 11,920 5,945 5,975 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 8,360 4,180 4,185 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 530 270 265 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,675 830 845 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 755 395 365 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 15 10 5 40 25 25
Marathi 65 30 35 270 140 130
Nepali 155 75 75 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,560 1,555 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 110 50 60 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 65 675 330 340
Urdu 1,810 900 910 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,445 1,715 1,730 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 340 175 170 1,080 540 535
Pashto 615 305 310 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,255 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 11,760 5,555 6,200 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 5 10 65 35 35
Italian 365 165 195 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 4,050 1,875 2,170 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 2,720 1,315 1,405 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 4,615 2,185 2,425 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 5 10
Japanese 245 115 130 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,500 705 795 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 25 10 20 65 25 40
Swahili 60 25 30 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 60 60 140 60 75
Dinka 0 5 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 85 30 55
Sign languages 175 95 80 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 85 45 40 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 40 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,980 4,455 4,525 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 8,650 4,285 4,365 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,165 575 590 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 40 20 20 700 295 410
Mandarin 6,890 3,405 3,480 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 30 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 200 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,745 885 865
Burmese 135 75 65 720 375 350
Karenic languages 120 60 60 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 300 1,380 595 785
Lao 510 245 270 460 225 235
Thai 45 20 30 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 430 215 215 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 195 105 95
Turkish 390 195 190 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 5 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 525 260 270 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 0 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 510 255 260 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 23,410 11,480 11,935 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 685 310 370 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 22,260 10,955 11,305 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 65 25 40 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 410 185 220 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 529,425 262,020 267,405 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 459,610 228,160 231,450 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 28,055 13,960 14,100 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,885 2,065 2,820 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 35,675 17,275 18,400 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 45 15 35 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 35,625 17,260 18,365 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 190 85 110 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 590 305 285 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 395 170 225 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 432,125 212,465 219,660 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,535 204,490 210,050 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,714 43,403 29,634 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,590 204,490 210,100 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,338 38,445 27,299 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 376,435 189,765 186,665 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,853 43,569 27,518 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,110 128,850 160,265 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,448 1,317 4,854 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,105 166,610 153,495 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,432 44,376 29,886 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 432,125 212,465 219,660 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,825 204,570 210,255 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,906 55,929 38,126 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,875 204,580 210,300 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,984 45,380 32,762 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 376,270 189,665 186,600 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,358 56,078 36,479 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,530 129,290 160,245 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,957 6,229 7,545 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,105 166,595 153,510 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,299 54,861 37,008 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 432,125 212,465 219,660 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 165,235 94,445 70,790 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,558 60,518 47,287 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,969 72,967 54,300 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.7 93.0 84.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 79.7 70.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.3 7.0 15.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 432,125 212,465 219,660 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 17,590 7,980 9,610 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 414,535 204,485 210,050 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,700 24,660 33,040 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 66,075 25,965 40,105 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 55,730 22,835 32,900 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 48,005 21,425 26,580 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 43,550 20,985 22,560 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 35,025 18,930 16,100 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 26,510 15,455 11,060 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 19,785 12,120 7,670 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 15,235 9,570 5,665 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 13,475 8,035 5,440 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 33,445 24,515 8,930 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 22,830 16,370 6,460 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 10,615 8,145 2,465 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,125 212,465 219,660 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 17,535 7,975 9,565 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 414,590 204,495 210,100 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,100 25,055 34,045 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 69,340 27,295 42,050 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 64,905 27,010 37,900 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 58,555 27,265 31,290 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 50,160 26,245 23,910 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 35,380 20,455 14,930 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 24,560 15,330 9,225 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 19,080 11,670 7,405 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 33,515 24,170 9,345 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,250 7,615 3,640 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,690 4,765 1,925 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 15,570 11,795 3,780 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 432,125 212,470 219,660 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 112,020 45,855 66,160 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 320,105 166,605 153,500 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.1 78.4 69.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 39,600 18,670 20,930 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 24,960 10,795 14,160 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 40,695 17,685 23,010 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 33,105 14,215 18,885 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 33,735 14,950 18,785 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 32,350 16,050 16,305 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 27,385 15,525 11,855 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 20,690 12,515 8,175 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 15,905 10,040 5,875 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 51,675 36,165 15,510 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 12,950 8,325 4,620 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,660 7,085 4,575 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 27,065 20,760 6,305 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 203,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,530 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,887 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,755 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,137 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,040 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 154,075 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,557 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,406 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 203,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,459 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,347 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,830 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,829 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,980 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 154,000 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,871 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,085 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 203,835 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,105 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,095 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,505 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,955 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,420 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,715 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,520 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,975 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,030 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,030 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,470 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,545 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,935 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,865 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,150 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 73,530 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,230 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,845 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,335 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,115 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 203,835 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,305 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,145 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,585 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,225 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,355 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,570 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,975 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,405 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,625 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,625 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,435 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,245 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 16,240 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,735 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,745 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,195 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,695 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,860 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 147,370 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,287 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,798 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 51,670 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,025 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,444 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 69,735 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,243 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,740 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,080 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,313 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,844 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 147,265 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,962 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,772 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 51,665 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,085 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,356 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 69,835 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,108 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,133 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,965 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,311 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,926 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,415 36,565 34,845 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,554 35,492 30,013 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,752 31,924 27,839 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,535 36,290 35,245 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,507 44,405 38,522 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,103 36,841 33,314 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,340 261,140 266,195 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 241,655 116,150 125,505 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 46,480 22,775 23,705 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 43,585 19,670 23,915 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 47,480 22,330 25,150 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 50,600 24,675 25,925 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 53,510 26,695 26,815 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 285,690 144,990 140,695 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 56,755 28,460 28,290 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 57,570 29,205 28,370 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 59,620 30,200 29,420 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 59,850 30,535 29,315 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 51,890 26,595 25,295 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,340 261,140 266,195 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 114,545 58,490 56,060 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 36,755 18,855 17,900 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 341,320 169,695 171,620 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 71,475 32,955 38,520 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,020 29,800 34,220 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 17,500 8,905 8,600 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 6,310 3,235 3,075 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 39,045 18,190 20,850 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,475 2,705 4,765 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.7 12.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.2 12.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,395 19,210 19,185 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,600 4,365 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,135 1,620 1,520 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 27,835 13,930 13,905 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,595 680 910 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 7.4 7.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.9 7.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.5 8.6 8.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.2 8.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.1 2.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,345 261,145 266,195 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 518,065 257,325 260,740 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 517,865 257,250 260,615 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 34,660 15,040 19,620 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 147,265 71,920 75,340 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 105 35 70 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 85 25 60 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 60 30 35 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 147,165 71,885 75,275 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,315 6,350 5,970 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,525 785 740 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 155 80 80 20 10 15
Oromo 80 40 45 245 140 110
Somali 1,185 610 575 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,125 550 580 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 8,665 4,495 4,165 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 120 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 155 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 115 65 45 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,040 460 580 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 25 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,880 2,330 2,550 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 175 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 4,590 2,205 2,385 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,800 950 1,845 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 95 15 85 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 55 15 40 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 95 25 65 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 340 150 190 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,380 780 1,605 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 470 240 225 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,285 1,105 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 205 120 90 510 250 265
Malayalam 675 320 355 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,215 675 540 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 470 265 205 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 490 235 260 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 103,295 50,430 52,860 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,045 580 470 1,640 840 795
Armenian 820 395 420 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 21,110 10,130 10,975 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 205 105 95 1,030 515 520
Latvian 130 75 60 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 30 35 475 220 250
Slavic languages 20,935 10,040 10,895 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 70 25 40 245 115 125
Bosnian 815 390 420 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 160 75 85 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,655 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 935 470 470 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 345 150 195 400 220 185
Polish 5,875 2,725 3,150 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,590 1,160 1,425 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 6,360 3,260 3,100 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 610 285 325 1,525 770 750
Slovak 765 390 370 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 315 145 170 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 965 385 575 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 125 420 215 205
Celtic languages 90 50 40 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 660 395 265
Welsh 20 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 22,140 10,315 11,820 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 230 125 105 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 250 115 140 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,605 1,565 2,040 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 50 30 25 465 230 240
German 19,165 9,055 10,110 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 80 40 40 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 145 100 40 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 235 120 110 155 95 60
Greek 1,810 920 890 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 24,165 12,540 11,625 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 19,025 9,935 9,090 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 1,175 645 535 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,610 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 6,585 3,475 3,115 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 70 40 25 415 215 200
Marathi 265 140 125 1,475 780 695
Nepali 385 210 175 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,780 3,560 3,225 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 370 175 195 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 5,595 2,910 2,685 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 5,620 2,845 2,765 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 835 415 420 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,005 525 485 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 4,080 2,065 2,010 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 140 180 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 34,750 16,720 18,030 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 20 15 0 395 210 180
Italian 3,125 1,620 1,505 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 12,085 5,905 6,180 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 6,785 3,260 3,530 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 13,710 6,420 7,295 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 380 245 140
Japanese 850 435 410 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 2,200 1,070 1,135 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 20 15 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 20 15 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 90 55 30 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 20 10 15 145 80 60
Ewe 0 10 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 15 15 0 150 95 50
Ganda 25 10 20 165 80 85
Igbo 95 70 25 425 240 185
Lingala 100 55 45 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 35 290 125 165
Shona 30 20 15 415 220 195
Swahili 380 180 200 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 230 140 85 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 85 90 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 170 215 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 210 325 155 165
Sign languages 650 240 405 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 455 155 305 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 95 100 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,330 7,425 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 14,350 7,125 7,230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 155 65 90 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 11,105 5,460 5,645 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 370 180 190 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 70 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 415 370 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 225 205 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 165 80 85 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 120 65 60 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 560 645 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,075 505 565 1,630 735 890
Thai 190 65 125 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,485 795 690 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 150 100 50 945 510 435
Turkish 1,285 685 600 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 40 15 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,280 1,125 1,155 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 155 85 75 780 350 425
Finnish 145 65 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,985 980 1,005 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,340 261,140 266,200 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 493,440 244,375 249,060 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 110,160 56,240 53,920 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 383,280 188,140 195,145 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,905 16,770 17,135 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,340 261,140 266,200 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 398,665 198,225 200,440 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 119,335 57,895 61,440 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 36,165 17,475 18,695 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 15,810 7,775 8,035 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 23,890 11,705 12,185 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 29,425 14,130 15,290 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 14,700 7,075 7,630 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 14,725 7,060 7,665 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,045 6,815 7,230 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,345 5,025 4,315 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 119,335 57,895 61,440 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 13,865 7,020 6,840 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 24,050 12,540 11,510 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 25,720 11,525 14,195 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 47,410 23,100 24,305 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,290 3,710 4,585 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 119,335 57,895 61,440 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 17,720 8,140 9,580 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 495 220 275 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,650 750 905 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,955 915 1,040 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 2,310 1,050 1,260 1,305 600 710
Haiti 35 25 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,920 955 965 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,195 575 620 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 185 90 100 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 680 305 375 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,930 1,605 2,320 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,355 1,650 1,705 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 51,780 25,120 26,655 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,155 1,635 1,520 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,105 1,040 1,065 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 345 180 170 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,735 2,200 2,540 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 585 270 315 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 830 405 430 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 435 210 225 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,150 655 495 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,750 830 920 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,285 1,990 2,290 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 7,160 3,455 3,710 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 5,145 2,440 2,700 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 780 350 430 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,530 1,275 1,260 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 740 335 410 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,355 5,555 5,800 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 4,700 2,310 2,390 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 7,250 3,645 3,605 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 55 30 25 485 310 175
Egypt 1,190 630 560 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 955 485 470 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 425 200 220 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 50 25 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 305 180 125 1,740 925 815
Somalia 720 335 385 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 510 250 260 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,530 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 42,230 20,805 21,425 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,285 585 705 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 700 370 330 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,395 3,030 3,365 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 790 445 345 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 8,585 4,400 4,185 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,580 860 725 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 1,955 1,005 945 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 145 45 110 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,460 770 700 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 640 330 310 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,800 1,980 1,815 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,465 915 1,550 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 910 450 460 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,660 850 810 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 460 230 230 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,355 1,570 1,785 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 6,045 2,985 3,060 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 350 185 170 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,050 6,820 7,230 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,790 830 960 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 50 25 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 270 100 175 580 250 325
Cuba 90 35 55 140 60 80
Haiti 15 10 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 165 105 65 625 355 265
Mexico 175 85 90 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 230 335 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 415 225 190 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,730 835 900 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 40 25 15 970 510 460
Germany 125 65 65 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 245 120 125
Romania 260 110 155 690 310 380