Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 284,461 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 265,241 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 113,735 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 107,199 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 68.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,147.01 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 284,460 140,015 144,450 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 50,565 25,950 24,615 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 16,210 8,425 7,780 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 17,130 8,745 8,385 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 17,230 8,780 8,450 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 189,050 93,815 95,230 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 18,475 9,460 9,010 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 19,310 9,845 9,465 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 17,665 8,875 8,785 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 17,600 8,660 8,940 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 17,230 8,485 8,745 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 18,430 8,920 9,510 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 19,895 9,825 10,065 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 22,780 11,345 11,435 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 20,615 10,120 10,495 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 17,055 8,285 8,770 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 44,845 20,245 24,600 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 14,795 7,050 7,750 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 10,550 5,005 5,545 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 7,585 3,415 4,170 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,660 2,575 3,090 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 6,250 2,195 4,050 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 4,010 1,590 2,425 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,785 510 1,280 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 405 95 310 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 45 5 40 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.0 65.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.8 14.5 17.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.1 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.4 39.3 41.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 107,195 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 70,370 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,160 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 30,250 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,840 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 9,675 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,070 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,410 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 255 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 415 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 107,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 24,920 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 36,750 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 17,250 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 17,610 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,660 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 280,265 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 233,895 114,060 119,830 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 141,105 70,500 70,600 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 118,620 59,290 59,330 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 22,485 11,215 11,270 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 92,790 43,560 49,230 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 61,200 33,080 28,120 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 6,515 2,840 3,675 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 12,395 4,925 7,465 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 12,680 2,710 9,970 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 80,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 38,840 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 17,035 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 17,075 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,855 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 80,800 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 69,410 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 58,170 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,235 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,395 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 8,825 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,570 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 69,410 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 32,165 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 37,245 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 13,535 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 16,125 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,585 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,395 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 6,675 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,500 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,220 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 40,240 18,965 21,275 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 107,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 75,955 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 30,105 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 45,850 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,385 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,860 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 24,925 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,940 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 281,745 138,985 142,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 258,425 129,285 129,140 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 105 50 55 1,110 530 580
English and French 20,620 8,575 12,035 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,600 1,075 1,525 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 281,745 138,990 142,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 275,375 136,195 139,175 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,075 1,400 1,675 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 750 340 405 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,545 1,045 1,500 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,450 1,575 1,875 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 281,740 138,990 142,755 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 278,075 137,235 140,835 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 236,320 116,945 119,375 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 233,160 115,510 117,650 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,160 1,430 1,725 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 41,755 20,295 21,465 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,740 20,285 21,450 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 945 735 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 85 45 35 1,355 675 680
Bilen 15 15 5 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 65 35 30 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,595 895 695 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 200 115 85 1,140 560 585
Arabic 940 505 435 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 35 25 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 120 60 55 80 40 40
Tigrigna 280 175 100 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,895 890 1,010 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 65 80 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,755 820 930 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,240 920 1,325 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 100 40 60 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 90 35 50 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 80 30 40 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 5 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,880 770 1,105 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 35 15 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 640 325 315 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 40 20 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 95 85 1,750 905 845
Tamil 390 190 195 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 35 15 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 28,525 14,010 14,515 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 75 45 35 1,090 560 530
Armenian 90 40 50 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 4,685 2,165 2,520 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 120 60 65 645 280 370
Latvian 55 30 25 320 145 175
Lithuanian 65 35 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 4,560 2,100 2,460 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 80 40 40 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 15 20 1,725 805 915
Croatian 425 215 210 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 215 95 125 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 65 25 35 250 120 135
Polish 2,120 975 1,145 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 400 170 230 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 565 280 280 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 65 40 35 1,145 545 600
Slovak 120 60 60 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 30 55 545 250 290
Ukrainian 365 155 205 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 15 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,925 4,915 5,010 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 55 30 25 1,435 730 705
Danish 175 85 90 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,655 1,345 1,310 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 80 40 35 80 30 50
German 6,835 3,365 3,470 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 10 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 55 20 35 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 10 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 360 185 175 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 6,215 3,130 3,090 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,895 2,485 2,415 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 310 170 140 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 710 360 350 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 455 230 220 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 10 5 225 110 110
Marathi 45 25 25 535 280 255
Nepali 285 135 150 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,090 1,105 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 40 20 20 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 75 80 1,455 730 725
Urdu 670 360 310 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,295 625 665 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 80 40 45 1,650 875 780
Pashto 160 80 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,055 510 550 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 7,135 3,520 3,615 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,265 1,660 1,600 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,395 690 705 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 485 240 250 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,990 930 1,060 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 175 70 100 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 380 180 200 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 245 120 125 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 50 25 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 50 20 25 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 45 25 20 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 60 30 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 30 15 15 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,815 1,800 2,015 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,805 1,795 2,010 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,275 600 670 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 20 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,185 1,025 1,160 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 70 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 70 80 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 240 115 130 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 155 70 85 800 405 400
Thai 85 40 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 450 215 230 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 85 40 45 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 335 160 175 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,285 615 670 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 55 20 35 455 195 260
Finnish 115 50 65 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,120 545 575 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,670 1,750 1,915 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 620 290 335 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,890 1,390 1,500 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 70 30 35 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 85 45 45 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 281,740 138,985 142,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 274,425 135,440 138,980 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 254,780 125,880 128,900 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 253,950 125,525 128,430 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 830 350 475 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 19,645 9,565 10,080 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,645 9,565 10,080 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 955 510 445 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 30 20 10 695 315 380
Bilen 10 10 5 0 0 0
Oromo 0 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 10 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 920 485 435 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 130 75 60 535 250 290
Arabic 515 255 260 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 25 10 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 225 135 90 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,365 640 720 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 40 45 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,270 605 670 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 930 425 505 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 40 15 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 815 370 440 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 390 190 195 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 30 15 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 100 55 45 885 450 435
Tamil 245 120 125 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 12,010 5,840 6,170 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 50 20 25 530 255 270
Armenian 55 25 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,785 860 930 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 40 15 20 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 25 10 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,750 840 905 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 30 30 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 0 925 425 495
Croatian 105 50 55 1,795 840 955
Czech 35 15 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 20 5 10 120 60 60
Polish 825 410 415 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 225 110 120 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 320 155 165 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 15 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 80 35 45 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,785 1,900 1,890 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 15 10 5 520 250 265
Danish 10 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 385 205 185 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 5 5 5 0
German 3,310 1,650 1,655 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 5 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 5 5 0
Greek 115 55 60 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,945 1,910 2,030 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,125 1,540 1,585 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 180 95 85 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 465 225 235 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 250 120 125 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 225 110 115 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,490 730 760 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 10 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 595 290 305
Urdu 395 200 200 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 805 365 440 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 60 20 35 1,025 515 505
Pashto 65 30 35 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 680 315 370 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,275 1,065 1,205 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 765 335 430 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 350 165 185 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 235 120 110 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 925 445 475 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 45 40 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 235 115 120 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 10 10 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 70 45 30 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,585 1,245 1,340 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,580 1,240 1,340 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 815 385 435 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,610 790 820 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 40 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 145 80 65 1,015 435 580
Lao 95 45 50 335 160 175
Thai 50 35 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 265 115 145 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 50 20 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 210 95 115 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 510 260 250 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 30 20 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 475 240 235 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 7,320 3,540 3,780 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 370 165 205 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 6,800 3,315 3,485 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 20 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 281,745 138,985 142,755 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 256,430 127,095 129,335 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 8,825 4,355 4,465 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,425 1,395 2,030 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 12,615 5,915 6,700 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 12,600 5,910 6,690 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 50 20 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 195 110 90 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 195 90 105 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 229,790 112,500 117,285 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 221,500 108,560 112,940 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,882 46,178 30,987 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 221,545 108,565 112,980 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,004 40,415 28,372 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 206,095 102,840 103,255 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,999 45,042 27,845 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 151,025 66,125 84,895 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,952 1,627 5,089 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,350 90,000 84,350 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,949 45,454 29,474 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 229,785 112,500 117,290 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 221,510 108,530 112,985 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,585 57,591 39,933 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 221,560 108,535 113,025 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,207 46,686 33,985 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 206,265 102,980 103,285 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,976 56,490 37,490 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 150,390 65,760 84,630 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,133 6,584 7,560 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,350 90,030 84,325 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,355 54,556 37,600 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 229,785 112,505 117,285 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 91,360 52,750 38,610 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,860 60,724 48,250 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,076 71,485 56,320 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.2 85.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.1 78.6 70.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.8 14.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 229,785 112,500 117,290 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 8,290 3,940 4,345 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 221,500 108,565 112,940 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,725 11,775 16,950 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 34,095 13,050 21,045 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 28,615 11,500 17,115 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 24,425 10,775 13,640 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 23,945 11,510 12,435 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 19,925 10,530 9,395 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 15,235 8,860 6,375 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 11,125 6,850 4,275 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 8,775 5,480 3,295 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 7,455 4,425 3,030 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 19,190 13,805 5,380 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,080 9,185 3,900 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,105 4,620 1,485 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 229,790 112,500 117,290 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 8,245 3,935 4,310 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 221,545 108,565 112,980 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.5 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 29,635 12,005 17,630 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 35,790 13,770 22,025 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 33,250 13,685 19,560 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 30,775 14,170 16,605 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 28,055 14,455 13,605 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 20,225 11,655 8,565 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 14,040 8,730 5,310 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 10,655 6,530 4,130 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 19,120 13,565 5,555 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 6,380 4,245 2,140 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,840 2,685 1,150 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 8,900 6,640 2,265 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 229,790 112,505 117,290 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 55,440 22,505 32,935 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 174,350 90,000 84,350 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.9 80.0 71.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 22,755 10,405 12,345 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 14,075 5,910 8,175 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 21,565 9,165 12,400 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 16,945 7,195 9,745 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 17,050 7,600 9,445 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 17,595 8,690 8,905 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 8,355 6,725 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,655 7,120 4,540 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 8,850 5,625 3,225 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 28,780 19,930 8,845 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 7,110 4,555 2,555 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,410 3,880 2,535 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 15,260 11,505 3,760 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 107,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,063 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,092 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,925 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,168 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,829 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 82,275 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,076 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,357 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 107,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,393 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,100 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,900 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,640 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,956 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 82,295 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,355 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,155 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 107,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,105 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,085 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,210 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,800 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,565 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,135 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,620 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,675 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,810 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,985 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,730 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,700 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,085 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,875 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,445 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 42,370 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,420 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,675 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,890 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,385 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 107,200 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,215 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,260 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,935 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,020 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,560 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,185 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,580 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,745 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,805 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,445 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,945 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,580 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,945 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,995 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,875 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,235 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,090 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,555 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 79,360 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,182 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,324 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 29,455 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,683 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,176 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 37,475 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,630 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,851 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,430 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,662 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,946 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 79,445 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,678 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,210 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 29,415 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,230 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,445 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 37,620 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,323 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,341 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,365 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,917 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,247 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,930 16,795 18,140 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,656 38,511 31,814 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,405 34,176 29,415 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,730 16,575 18,155 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,980 46,086 40,145 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,425 38,370 34,650 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 280,260 138,395 141,870 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 118,085 56,405 61,680 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 19,970 9,505 10,475 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 20,570 9,195 11,375 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 23,730 11,290 12,440 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 25,440 12,400 13,045 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 28,375 14,020 14,355 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 162,180 81,990 80,190 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 30,280 14,995 15,280 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 32,005 16,110 15,890 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 34,320 17,365 16,955 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 35,505 18,045 17,460 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 30,065 15,465 14,595 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 280,265 138,395 141,865 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 61,225 31,415 29,810 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 19,470 10,080 9,395 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 177,290 87,705 89,580 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 41,750 19,275 22,475 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,720 12,630 15,095 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,385 3,795 3,590 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,635 1,340 1,290 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 16,425 7,425 9,000 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,910 1,415 2,500 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.9 9.1 10.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.1 12.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.3 13.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 8.5 10.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.4 7.3 11.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,950 7,190 7,760 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,340 1,740 1,595 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,185 630 550 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 10,875 5,145 5,730 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 735 300 430 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.2 5.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.5 5.5 5.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.3 5.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.9 6.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 1.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 280,265 138,395 141,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 277,695 137,370 140,325 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 277,570 137,310 140,260 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 20,655 8,390 12,265 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 51,540 24,990 26,555 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 55 25 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 35 15 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,490 24,960 26,530 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,205 1,160 1,045 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 20 15 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 20 15 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 70 25 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,100 1,110 990 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 310 175 135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,165 600 565 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 185 95 90 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 180 100 85 165 90 80
Tigrigna 330 195 135 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,135 1,005 1,135 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 75 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,020 950 1,070 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,860 1,200 1,660 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 140 45 95 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 70 35 40 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 115 20 85 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 185 75 105 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,585 1,090 1,485 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 115 65 55 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 710 380 325 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 65 30 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 185 110 80 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 485 260 230 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 45 25 25 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 36,530 17,800 18,730 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 75 35 40 1,135 580 555
Armenian 95 40 50 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 5,695 2,695 3,005 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 120 55 60 635 310 325
Latvian 55 30 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 65 25 40 325 135 185
Slavic languages 5,600 2,645 2,950 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 105 45 55 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 90 50 45 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 620 325 300 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 300 160 140 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 95 55 40 345 180 160
Polish 2,505 1,175 1,335 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 740 345 395 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 895 450 445 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 100 55 45 1,240 595 645
Slovak 130 65 60 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 40 85 725 330 400
Ukrainian 345 140 205 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 85 30 55 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 350 225 120
Welsh 30 0 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 11,895 5,935 5,960 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 155 75 85 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 185 80 105 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,700 1,835 1,860 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 65 25 45 120 55 65
German 8,555 4,340 4,215 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 55 15 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 85 30 55 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 75 40 30
Greek 620 270 350 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 7,645 3,840 3,805 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 6,160 3,140 3,020 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 405 230 170 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 810 370 445 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,170 1,105 1,065 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 15 10 375 185 190
Marathi 75 30 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 290 140 150 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,830 1,425 1,405 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 55 25 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 120 105 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,155 650 510 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,575 735 835 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 60 30 35 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 270 135 130 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,305 605 700 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 11,190 5,350 5,835 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,480 2,235 2,245 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,075 1,075 1,005 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 610 285 325 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,365 1,885 2,480 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 220 130 85
Japanese 315 165 150 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 375 195 185 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 555 315 240 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 55 35 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 10 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 10 0 115 65 55
Ewe 15 10 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 10 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 35 25 10 240 140 95
Lingala 40 25 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 20 15 10 265 125 140
Swahili 195 105 90 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 125 65 60 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 35 15 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 545 215 335 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 255 100 155 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 120 190 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,440 2,140 2,295 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,425 2,130 2,295 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,610 770 845 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 15 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,875 1,365 1,510 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 75 75 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 85 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 10 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 435 265 170 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 285 170 115 1,125 505 620
Thai 160 100 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 615 310 300 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 185 100 85 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 415 205 205 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,425 610 815 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 70 20 50 495 205 295
Finnish 95 40 60 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,265 555 705 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 280,260 138,395 141,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 268,805 132,945 135,865 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 60,150 30,970 29,175 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 208,655 101,970 106,685 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,455 5,455 6,000 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 280,260 138,395 141,865 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 232,150 115,060 117,090 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 46,070 22,330 23,740 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 18,825 9,165 9,670 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 5,975 2,985 2,990 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 7,630 3,635 4,000 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 9,150 4,430 4,715 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,920 2,475 2,445 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,230 1,960 2,275 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,485 2,115 2,370 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,040 1,005 1,035 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 46,070 22,335 23,740 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,900 3,015 2,880 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 9,420 4,865 4,555 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 10,580 4,915 5,670 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 17,400 8,365 9,030 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,770 1,170 1,605 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 46,070 22,330 23,740 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 6,215 2,800 3,410 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 185 75 110 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 210 90 120 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 185 85 100 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 385 160 220 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 695 320 380 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 710 355 350 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 125 60 65 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 420 200 215 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,110 855 1,260 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,180 595 585 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 22,525 11,050 11,475 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 220 100 120 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 380 205 175 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 205 110 95 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,620 810 815 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 240 120 120 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 380 215 165 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 405 185 220 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,015 1,060 950 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,270 1,165 1,105 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,610 740 870 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 900 475 420 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 545 250 295 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 255 105 155 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 685 330 355 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 150 65 85 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,745 4,225 4,520 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,910 895 1,015 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,255 1,145 1,105 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 225 90 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 255 155 105 1,665 835 825
Kenya 215 90 130 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 35 15 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 195 110 85 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 20 30 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 405 190 215 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 870 485 390 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 14,855 7,215 7,640 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 740 380 360 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 280 160 125 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,795 800 1,000 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 190 90 100 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,010 1,510 1,500 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 475 240 230 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 120 65 50 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 65 25 40 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 245 125 125 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 105 55 45 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 970 520 450 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,615 1,155 1,465 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 420 220 200 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 180 90 95 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 145 55 90 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,800 795 1,000 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,690 920 770 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 225 120 105 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,490 2,120 2,370 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 485 215 265 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 35 15 20 960 445 520
Colombia 30 0 35 465 220 240
Cuba 40 20 15 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 25 0 20 160 115 45
Mexico 90 55 30 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 45 70 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 25 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 95 45 55 1,855 875 975
Europe 570 280 290 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 50 35 20 790 415 370
Germany 45 20 30 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 10 20 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90