Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
Charts (using rates)  Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 284,461 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 265,241 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 113,735 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 107,199 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 68.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,147.01 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 284,460 140,015 144,450 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 50,565 25,950 24,615 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 16,210 8,425 7,780 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 17,130 8,745 8,385 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 17,230 8,780 8,450 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 189,050 93,815 95,230 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 18,475 9,460 9,010 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 19,310 9,845 9,465 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 17,665 8,875 8,785 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 17,600 8,660 8,940 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 17,230 8,485 8,745 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 18,430 8,920 9,510 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 19,895 9,825 10,065 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 22,780 11,345 11,435 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 20,615 10,120 10,495 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 17,055 8,285 8,770 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 44,845 20,245 24,600 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 14,795 7,050 7,750 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 10,550 5,005 5,545 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 7,585 3,415 4,170 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,660 2,575 3,090 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 6,250 2,195 4,050 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,010 1,590 2,425 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,785 510 1,280 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 405 95 310 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 45 5 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.0 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.8 14.5 17.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.1 39.1 41.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.4 39.3 41.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 107,195 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 70,370 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,160 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 30,250 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,840 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 9,675 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,070 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,410 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 255 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 415 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 107,200 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 24,920 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 36,750 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 17,250 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 17,610 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,660 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 280,265 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 233,895 114,060 119,830 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 141,105 70,500 70,600 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 118,620 59,290 59,330 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 22,485 11,215 11,270 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 92,790 43,560 49,230 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 61,200 33,080 28,120 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 6,515 2,840 3,675 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 12,395 4,925 7,465 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 12,680 2,710 9,970 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 80,805 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 38,840 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 17,035 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 17,075 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,855 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 80,800 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 69,410 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 58,170 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,235 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,395 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 8,825 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 2,570 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 69,410 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 32,165 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 37,245 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 13,535 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 16,125 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 7,585 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,395 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 6,675 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 3,500 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 1,220 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 40,240 18,965 21,275 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 107,200 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 75,955 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 30,105 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 45,850 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,385 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,860 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 24,925 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,940 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 281,745 138,985 142,755 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 258,425 129,285 129,140 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 105 50 55 1,810 820 985
English and French 20,620 8,575 12,035 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,600 1,075 1,525 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 281,745 138,990 142,755 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 275,375 136,195 139,175 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 3,075 1,400 1,675 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 750 340 405 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,545 1,045 1,500 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,450 1,575 1,875 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 281,740 138,990 142,755 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 278,075 137,235 140,835 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 236,320 116,945 119,375 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 233,160 115,510 117,650 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 3,160 1,430 1,725 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 41,755 20,295 21,465 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,740 20,285 21,450 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 945 735 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 85 45 35 1,505 765 740
Bilen 15 15 5 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 65 35 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,595 895 695 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 200 115 85 1,370 670 700
Arabic 940 505 435 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 35 25 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 120 60 55 215 100 115
Tigrigna 280 175 100 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,895 890 1,010 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 65 80 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,755 820 930 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,240 920 1,325 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 100 40 60 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 90 35 50 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 80 30 40 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 5 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,880 770 1,105 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 35 15 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 640 325 315 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 40 20 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 180 95 85 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 390 190 195 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 35 15 20 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 28,525 14,010 14,515 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 75 45 35 1,465 765 705
Armenian 90 40 50 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 4,685 2,165 2,520 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 120 60 65 1,070 485 585
Latvian 55 30 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 65 35 30 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,560 2,100 2,460 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 80 40 40 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 30 15 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 425 215 210 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 215 95 125 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 65 25 35 325 160 165
Polish 2,120 975 1,145 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 400 170 230 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 565 280 280 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 65 40 35 1,395 670 725
Slovak 120 60 60 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 30 55 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 365 155 205 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 35 15 20 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 240 130 110
Welsh 20 5 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 9,925 4,915 5,010 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 55 30 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 175 85 90 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,655 1,345 1,310 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 80 40 35 295 145 145
German 6,835 3,365 3,470 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 15 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 55 20 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 10 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 360 185 175 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 6,215 3,130 3,090 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 4,895 2,485 2,415 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 310 170 140 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 710 360 350 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 455 230 220 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 10 5 255 130 125
Marathi 45 25 25 620 325 295
Nepali 285 135 150 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,090 1,105 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 40 20 20 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 75 80 1,675 845 830
Urdu 670 360 310 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,295 625 665 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 80 40 45 1,765 945 825
Pashto 160 80 75 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,055 510 550 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 7,135 3,520 3,615 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 3,265 1,660 1,600 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,395 690 705 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 485 240 250 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,990 930 1,060 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 175 70 100 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 380 180 200 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 245 120 125 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 50 25 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 10 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 50 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 45 25 20 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 60 30 30 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 30 15 15 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,815 1,800 2,015 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,805 1,795 2,010 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,275 600 670 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 20 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,185 1,025 1,160 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 70 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 70 80 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 240 115 130 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 155 70 85 1,100 550 550
Thai 85 40 45 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 450 215 230 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 85 40 45 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 335 160 175 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,285 615 670 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 55 20 35 705 295 410
Finnish 115 50 65 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,120 545 575 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,670 1,750 1,915 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 620 290 335 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,890 1,390 1,500 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 70 30 35 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 85 45 45 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 281,740 138,985 142,755 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 274,425 135,440 138,980 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 254,780 125,880 128,900 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 253,950 125,525 128,430 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 830 350 475 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 19,645 9,565 10,080 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,645 9,565 10,080 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 955 510 445 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 30 20 10 770 355 415
Bilen 10 10 5 0 0 0
Oromo 0 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 10 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 920 485 435 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 130 75 60 600 275 320
Arabic 515 255 260 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 10 900 465 440
Maltese 25 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 225 135 90 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,365 640 720 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 40 45 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,270 605 670 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 930 425 505 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 20 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 0 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 40 15 20 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 10 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 815 370 440 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 390 190 195 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 30 15 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 100 55 45 1,225 615 605
Tamil 245 120 125 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 20 10 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 12,010 5,840 6,170 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 50 20 25 695 335 360
Armenian 55 25 30 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,785 860 930 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 40 15 20 210 90 115
Latvian 15 5 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 25 10 15 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,750 840 905 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 60 30 30 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 105 50 55 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 35 15 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 20 5 10 150 75 75
Polish 825 410 415 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 225 110 120 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 320 155 165 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 15 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 80 35 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 3,785 1,900 1,890 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 15 10 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 385 205 185 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 10 5 5 10 5 5
German 3,310 1,650 1,655 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 15 5 5
Greek 115 55 60 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 3,945 1,910 2,030 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,125 1,540 1,585 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 180 95 85 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 465 225 235 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 250 120 125 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 225 110 115 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,490 730 760 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 25 10 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 675 330 340
Urdu 395 200 200 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 805 365 440 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 60 20 35 1,080 540 535
Pashto 65 30 35 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 680 315 370 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,275 1,065 1,205 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 765 335 430 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 350 165 185 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 235 120 110 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 925 445 475 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 90 45 40 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 5 5 5 30 15 15
Korean 235 115 120 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 25 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 15 10 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 15 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 70 45 30 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 30 15 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,585 1,245 1,340 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,580 1,240 1,340 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 815 385 435 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,610 790 820 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 40 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 145 80 65 1,380 595 785
Lao 95 45 50 460 225 235
Thai 50 35 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 265 115 145 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 50 20 30 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 5 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 210 95 115 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 510 260 250 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 30 20 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 475 240 235 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 7,320 3,540 3,780 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 370 165 205 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 6,800 3,315 3,485 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 35 20 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 281,745 138,985 142,755 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 256,430 127,095 129,335 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 8,825 4,355 4,465 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,425 1,395 2,030 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 12,615 5,915 6,700 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 20 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 12,600 5,910 6,690 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 50 20 30 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 195 110 90 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 195 90 105 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 229,790 112,500 117,285 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 221,500 108,560 112,940 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,882 46,178 30,987 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 221,545 108,565 112,980 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,004 40,415 28,372 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 206,095 102,840 103,255 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,999 45,042 27,845 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 151,025 66,125 84,895 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,952 1,627 5,089 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,350 90,000 84,350 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,949 45,454 29,474 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 229,785 112,500 117,290 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 221,510 108,530 112,985 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,585 57,591 39,933 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 221,560 108,535 113,025 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,207 46,686 33,985 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 206,265 102,980 103,285 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,976 56,490 37,490 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 150,390 65,760 84,630 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,133 6,584 7,560 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,350 90,030 84,325 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,355 54,556 37,600 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 229,785 112,505 117,285 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 91,360 52,750 38,610 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,860 60,724 48,250 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,076 71,485 56,320 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.2 85.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.1 78.6 70.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.8 14.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 229,785 112,500 117,290 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 8,290 3,940 4,345 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 221,500 108,565 112,940 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,725 11,775 16,950 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 34,095 13,050 21,045 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 28,615 11,500 17,115 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 24,425 10,775 13,640 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 23,945 11,510 12,435 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 19,925 10,530 9,395 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 15,235 8,860 6,375 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 11,125 6,850 4,275 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 8,775 5,480 3,295 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 7,455 4,425 3,030 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 19,190 13,805 5,380 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 13,080 9,185 3,900 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 6,105 4,620 1,485 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 229,790 112,500 117,290 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 8,245 3,935 4,310 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 221,545 108,565 112,980 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 29,635 12,005 17,630 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 35,790 13,770 22,025 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 33,250 13,685 19,560 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 30,775 14,170 16,605 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 28,055 14,455 13,605 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 20,225 11,655 8,565 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 14,040 8,730 5,310 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 10,655 6,530 4,130 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 19,120 13,565 5,555 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 6,380 4,245 2,140 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 3,840 2,685 1,150 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 8,900 6,640 2,265 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 229,790 112,505 117,290 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 55,440 22,505 32,935 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 174,350 90,000 84,350 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 75.9 80.0 71.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 22,755 10,405 12,345 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 14,075 5,910 8,175 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 21,565 9,165 12,400 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 16,945 7,195 9,745 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 17,050 7,600 9,445 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 17,595 8,690 8,905 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 8,355 6,725 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 11,655 7,120 4,540 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 8,850 5,625 3,225 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 28,780 19,930 8,845 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 7,110 4,555 2,555 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,410 3,880 2,535 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 15,260 11,505 3,760 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 107,200 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,063 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,092 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,925 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,168 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,829 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 82,275 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,076 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,357 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 107,200 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,393 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,100 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,900 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,640 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,956 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 82,295 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,355 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,155 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 107,200 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,105 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,085 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,210 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,800 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,565 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,135 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,620 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,675 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,810 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,985 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,730 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,700 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,085 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,875 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,445 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 42,370 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,420 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,675 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,890 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,385 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 107,200 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,215 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,260 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,935 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,020 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,560 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,185 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,580 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,745 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,805 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,445 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,945 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,580 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,945 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,995 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,875 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,235 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,090 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,555 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 79,360 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,182 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,324 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 29,455 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,683 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,176 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 37,475 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,630 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,851 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,430 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,662 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,946 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 79,445 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,678 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,210 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 29,415 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,230 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,445 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 37,620 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,323 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,341 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,365 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,917 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,247 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,930 16,795 18,140 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,656 38,511 31,814 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,405 34,176 29,415 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,730 16,575 18,155 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,980 46,086 40,145 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,425 38,370 34,650 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 280,260 138,395 141,870 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 118,085 56,405 61,680 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 19,970 9,505 10,475 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 20,570 9,195 11,375 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 23,730 11,290 12,440 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 25,440 12,400 13,045 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 28,375 14,020 14,355 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 162,180 81,990 80,190 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 30,280 14,995 15,280 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 32,005 16,110 15,890 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 34,320 17,365 16,955 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 35,505 18,045 17,460 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 30,065 15,465 14,595 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 280,265 138,395 141,865 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 61,225 31,415 29,810 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 19,470 10,080 9,395 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 177,290 87,705 89,580 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 41,750 19,275 22,475 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,720 12,630 15,095 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 7,385 3,795 3,590 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,635 1,340 1,290 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 16,425 7,425 9,000 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,910 1,415 2,500 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.9 9.1 10.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.1 12.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.3 13.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 8.5 10.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 9.4 7.3 11.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,950 7,190 7,760 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 3,340 1,740 1,595 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,185 630 550 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,875 5,145 5,730 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 735 300 430 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.2 5.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.5 5.5 5.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.3 5.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.9 6.4 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 1.9 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 280,265 138,395 141,865 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 277,695 137,370 140,325 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 277,570 137,310 140,260 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 20,655 8,390 12,265 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 51,540 24,990 26,555 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 55 25 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 25 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 35 15 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,490 24,960 26,530 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,205 1,160 1,045 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 20 15 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 20 15 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 70 25 45 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,100 1,110 990 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 310 175 135 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,165 600 565 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 10 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 185 95 90 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 180 100 85 315 155 155
Tigrigna 330 195 135 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,135 1,005 1,135 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 75 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,020 950 1,070 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,860 1,200 1,660 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 140 45 95 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 70 35 40 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 115 20 85 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 185 75 105 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,585 1,090 1,485 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 115 65 55 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 710 380 325 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 65 30 35 510 250 265
Malayalam 185 110 80 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 485 260 230 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 25 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 36,530 17,800 18,730 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 75 35 40 1,640 840 795
Armenian 95 40 50 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 5,695 2,695 3,005 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 120 55 60 1,030 515 520
Latvian 55 30 25 555 290 265
Lithuanian 65 25 40 475 220 250
Slavic languages 5,600 2,645 2,950 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 105 45 55 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 90 50 45 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 620 325 300 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 300 160 140 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 95 55 40 400 220 185
Polish 2,505 1,175 1,335 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 740 345 395 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 895 450 445 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 100 55 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 130 65 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 40 85 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 345 140 205 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 85 30 55 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 660 395 265
Welsh 30 0 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 11,895 5,935 5,960 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 155 75 85 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 185 80 105 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,700 1,835 1,860 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 65 25 45 465 230 240
German 8,555 4,340 4,215 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 55 15 40 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 85 30 55 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 155 95 60
Greek 620 270 350 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 7,645 3,840 3,805 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 6,160 3,140 3,020 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 405 230 170 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 810 370 445 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,170 1,105 1,065 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 25 15 10 415 215 200
Marathi 75 30 40 1,475 780 695
Nepali 290 140 150 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,830 1,425 1,405 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 55 25 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 120 105 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,155 650 510 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,575 735 835 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 60 30 35 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 270 135 130 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,305 605 700 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 11,190 5,350 5,835 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,480 2,235 2,245 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 2,075 1,075 1,005 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 610 285 325 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,365 1,885 2,480 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 380 245 140
Japanese 315 165 150 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 375 195 185 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 555 315 240 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 55 35 25 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 10 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 10 0 145 80 60
Ewe 15 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 10 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 35 25 10 425 240 185
Lingala 40 25 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 20 15 10 415 220 195
Swahili 195 105 90 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 10 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 125 65 60 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 35 15 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 545 215 335 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 255 100 155 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 120 190 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,440 2,140 2,295 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 4,425 2,130 2,295 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,610 770 845 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 15 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,875 1,365 1,510 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 75 75 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 85 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 10 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 435 265 170 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 285 170 115 1,630 735 890
Thai 160 100 65 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 615 310 300 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 185 100 85 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 415 205 205 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,425 610 815 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 70 20 50 780 350 425
Finnish 95 40 60 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,265 555 705 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 280,260 138,395 141,865 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 268,805 132,945 135,865 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 60,150 30,970 29,175 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 208,655 101,970 106,685 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,455 5,455 6,000 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 280,260 138,395 141,865 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 232,150 115,060 117,090 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 46,070 22,330 23,740 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 18,825 9,165 9,670 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 5,975 2,985 2,990 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 7,630 3,635 4,000 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 9,150 4,430 4,715 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,920 2,475 2,445 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,230 1,960 2,275 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,485 2,115 2,370 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,040 1,005 1,035 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 46,070 22,335 23,740 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,900 3,015 2,880 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,420 4,865 4,555 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 10,580 4,915 5,670 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 17,400 8,365 9,030 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,770 1,170 1,605 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 46,070 22,330 23,740 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 6,215 2,800 3,410 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 185 75 110 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 210 90 120 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 185 85 100 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 385 160 220 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 695 320 380 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 710 355 350 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 125 60 65 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 420 200 215 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,110 855 1,260 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,180 595 585 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 22,525 11,050 11,475 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 220 100 120 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 380 205 175 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 205 110 95 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,620 810 815 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 240 120 120 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 380 215 165 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 405 185 220 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,015 1,060 950 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,270 1,165 1,105 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,610 740 870 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 900 475 420 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 545 250 295 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 255 105 155 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 685 330 355 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 150 65 85 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,745 4,225 4,520 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,910 895 1,015 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,255 1,145 1,105 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 0 10 485 310 175
Egypt 225 90 135 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 255 155 105 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 215 90 130 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 35 15 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 195 110 85 1,740 925 815
Somalia 45 20 30 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 405 190 215 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 870 485 390 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 14,855 7,215 7,640 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 740 380 360 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 280 160 125 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,795 800 1,000 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 190 90 100 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,010 1,510 1,500 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 475 240 230 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 120 65 50 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 65 25 40 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 245 125 125 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 105 55 45 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 970 520 450 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,615 1,155 1,465 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 420 220 200 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 180 90 95 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 145 55 90 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,800 795 1,000 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,690 920 770 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 225 120 105 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,490 2,120 2,370 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 485 215 265 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 35 15 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 30 0 35 580 250 325
Cuba 40 20 15 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 25 0 20 625 355 265
Mexico 90 55 30 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 45 70 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 25 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 95 45 55 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 570 280 290 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 50 35 20 970 510 460
Germany 45 20 30 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 10 20 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 35 15 20 690 310