Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor-Essex County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Windsor-Essex County Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Windsor-Essex County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Windsor-Essex County Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 398,953 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 388,782 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 168,569 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 159,053 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 215.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,850.90 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 398,950 196,255 202,695 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 66,770 34,370 32,405 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 20,170 10,390 9,785 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 22,630 11,645 10,990 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 23,965 12,340 11,630 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 261,740 130,110 131,630 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 25,220 13,050 12,170 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 27,080 14,055 13,025 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 23,390 11,910 11,485 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 21,815 10,530 11,285 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 23,020 11,075 11,945 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 25,880 12,580 13,300 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 28,020 13,820 14,200 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 31,245 15,500 15,740 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 29,995 14,920 15,070 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 26,075 12,660 13,415 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 70,440 31,785 38,660 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 23,265 11,165 12,105 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 16,455 7,955 8,505 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 12,130 5,500 6,635 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 8,910 3,890 5,020 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 9,675 3,275 6,395 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 5,965 2,285 3,685 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,915 810 2,100 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 695 155 535 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 100 25 75 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.5 16.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.3 64.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.7 16.2 19.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.4 40.3 42.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 159,050 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 111,145 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,660 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 33,500 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,835 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 8,870 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,485 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,135 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 745 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 159,050 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 45,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 53,040 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 24,055 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 22,360 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,045 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 391,000 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 332,180 161,890 170,295 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 186,655 93,610 93,040 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 163,055 81,835 81,220 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 23,595 11,775 11,820 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 145,525 68,275 77,250 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 92,585 50,560 42,030 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 10,155 4,395 5,765 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 21,875 9,110 12,765 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 20,915 4,220 16,695 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 111,325 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 54,890 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 23,655 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 21,725 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,050 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 111,320 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 90,865 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 79,070 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,795 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,455 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 16,365 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,095 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 90,865 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 42,885 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 47,985 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 17,660 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 19,920 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 10,400 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,455 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 12,005 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,000 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 63,525 30,850 32,675 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 159,050 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 106,035 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,850 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 65,180 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,585 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,435 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 45,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,880 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 395,115 194,770 200,340 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 348,270 173,905 174,365 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 425 175 255 1,110 530 580
English and French 38,305 17,115 21,195 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 8,105 3,580 4,530 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 395,110 194,770 200,340 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 374,515 185,360 189,150 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 10,075 4,705 5,375 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,565 1,200 1,365 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 7,955 3,500 4,450 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,360 5,305 6,060 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.7 3.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 395,110 194,770 200,345 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 386,140 190,415 195,725 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 299,180 147,865 151,320 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 288,485 142,875 145,610 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 10,700 4,995 5,705 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 86,955 42,550 44,405 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,900 42,520 44,375 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,530 9,235 9,295 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 575 245 330 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 50 25 25 165 95 75
Somali 525 220 305 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 17,930 8,970 8,960 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 100 50 50 1,140 560 585
Arabic 14,435 7,250 7,190 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 465 230 230 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,425 1,180 1,245 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 10 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 215 115 100 80 40 40
Tigrigna 130 60 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,395 1,140 1,255 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 425 195 230 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,970 950 1,025 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,395 945 1,445 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 30 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 95 40 55 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 95 40 50 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,020 795 1,220 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 215 100 115 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 160 75 90 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 690 390 295 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 100 80 1,750 905 845
Tamil 305 170 140 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 160 100 55 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 51,345 25,165 26,180 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 960 470 495 1,090 560 530
Armenian 205 95 115 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 12,185 5,710 6,480 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 80 30 50 645 280 370
Latvian 20 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 55 20 35 325 130 200
Slavic languages 12,110 5,680 6,430 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 320 160 160 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 110 45 60 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,755 845 910 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 200 85 115 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,185 580 605 250 120 135
Polish 3,095 1,420 1,680 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 605 255 355 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,850 1,435 1,415 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 215 100 115 1,145 545 600
Slovak 920 415 500 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 60 95 545 250 290
Ukrainian 620 245 370 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 0 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,125 4,385 4,745 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 40 15 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 65 30 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 700 350 350 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 10 5 80 30 50
German 8,180 3,920 4,255 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 10 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50 200 105 95
Yiddish 20 10 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,050 520 530 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,415 4,365 4,050 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 7,540 3,945 3,600 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 645 325 320 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 785 455 330 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 705 395 310 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 70 40 30 535 280 255
Nepali 455 220 235 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,470 1,280 1,190 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 15 20 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 50 55 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,250 1,145 1,100 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 830 405 425 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 135 75 60 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 20 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 640 310 330 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370 9,620 9,750 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 9,595 4,670 4,925 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,355 1,145 1,215 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,235 1,065 1,170 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 5,145 2,720 2,430 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 40 25
Japanese 85 40 50 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 475 240 240 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 795 380 420 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 80 50 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 10 10 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 20 15 10 65 35 30
Igbo 50 25 25 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35 105 45 55
Shona 10 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 205 95 115 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 140 65 70 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 265 135 135
Dinka 55 25 30 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 190 85 100
Sign languages 105 45 55 620 330 295
American Sign Language 50 20 25 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,580 3,640 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,855 3,390 3,460 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,055 1,015 1,040 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 15 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,045 2,000 2,045 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 50 50 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 25 40 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 290 265 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 370 190 175 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 25 20 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 305 155 150 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 425 205 220 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 235 110 125 800 405 400
Thai 195 100 100 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 460 220 240 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 380 190 190 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 35 15 25 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,510 705 805 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 5 10 455 195 260
Finnish 120 55 65 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,375 645 730 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 365 200 170
Multiple responses 8,975 4,355 4,615 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,855 845 1,010 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,400 3,180 3,220 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 410 185 225 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 300 140 165 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 395,110 194,770 200,345 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 377,425 186,145 191,280 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 333,670 164,820 168,845 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 330,755 163,505 167,255 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,910 1,320 1,595 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 43,760 21,320 22,435 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,740 21,315 22,430 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,070 5,310 5,760 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 380 155 225 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 10 80 40 35
Somali 350 135 210 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 10,685 5,150 5,535 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 50 25 25 535 250 290
Arabic 8,640 4,180 4,460 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 150 155 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,515 720 795 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 35 15 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 55 25 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,570 745 830 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 125 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,340 635 705 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,045 475 570 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 15 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 915 420 495 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 140 65 75 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 120 50 70 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 345 180 165 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 5 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 80 40 40 885 450 435
Tamil 175 85 85 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 45 30 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 22,500 11,040 11,460 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 465 235 230 530 255 270
Armenian 95 35 60 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,930 2,325 2,600 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,915 2,320 2,595 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 165 80 85 540 270 270
Bulgarian 35 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 560 265 300 1,795 840 955
Czech 55 20 30 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 520 260 260 120 60 60
Polish 1,320 620 700 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 290 125 170 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,475 720 755 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 95 45 55 435 205 235
Slovak 275 120 150 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 75 35 50 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 2,960 1,460 1,500 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 50 25 30 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 2,760 1,360 1,395 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 65 5 5 0
Greek 395 190 210 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,300 2,670 2,630 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,805 2,450 2,360 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 385 190 195 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 505 285 215 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 370 190 175 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 35 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 380 185 195 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,670 850 820 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 20 30 595 290 305
Urdu 1,400 700 700 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 475 220 255 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 80 40 40 1,025 515 505
Pashto 30 15 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 360 160 195 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 8,350 4,125 4,225 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 2,925 1,230 1,695 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 950 425 520 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,135 555 580 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 3,335 1,910 1,425 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 340 170 165 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 75 35 40 155 60 90
Wolof 10 5 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 45 20 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 40 55 105 50 55
Dinka 25 10 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 60 20 40
Sign languages 115 60 55 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 20 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 40 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,220 2,615 2,605 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,905 2,455 2,450 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,375 665 705 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,050 1,545 1,505 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 20 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 190 190 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 160 155 1,630 820 810
Burmese 35 20 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 270 140 135 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 275 150 120 1,015 435 580
Lao 120 60 60 335 160 175
Thai 150 90 60 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 240 110 135 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 205 90 110 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 30 10 20 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 460 200 260 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 25 5 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 440 190 245 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 17,685 8,625 9,060 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,035 460 575 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 15,990 7,895 8,100 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 135 50 80 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 520 215 310 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 395,115 194,770 200,340 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 340,690 168,580 172,115 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 18,815 9,305 9,505 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,575 3,235 4,335 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 26,920 13,120 13,805 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 45 20 25 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 26,875 13,100 13,775 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 255 110 140 965 435 530
English and non-official language 375 185 185 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 480 220 255 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 324,325 158,210 166,115 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,220 151,560 157,660 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 41,227 26,872 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,345 151,565 157,780 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,263 36,829 25,086 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,210 136,295 133,915 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,258 39,523 24,203 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,280 106,820 127,460 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,139 4,520 6,834 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,595 119,410 104,185 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,129 35,426 26,009 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 324,325 158,165 166,165 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,260 151,555 157,700 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,139 52,973 35,650 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,395 151,565 157,830 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,436 44,102 31,034 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 270,510 136,215 134,295 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,419 52,892 33,810 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 107,020 127,735 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,116 7,697 8,468 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,595 119,170 104,425 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,020 48,637 34,468 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 324,325 158,165 166,165 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,680 57,865 42,815 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,515 59,696 45,314 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,848 72,166 52,606 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.0 89.8 80.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 72.2 63.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.0 10.2 19.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 324,330 158,215 166,115 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 15,110 6,655 8,455 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 309,220 151,560 157,660 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.8 94.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,625 19,925 26,695 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 53,800 20,560 33,240 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 42,815 16,730 26,085 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 36,090 16,270 19,820 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 33,845 17,925 15,920 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 24,160 13,455 10,705 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 17,325 10,335 6,990 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,570 4,795 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 10,615 6,800 3,815 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,830 5,100 3,725 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 21,765 15,895 5,870 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 15,140 10,720 4,420 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,620 5,170 1,450 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 324,325 158,215 166,115 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 14,980 6,650 8,330 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 309,345 151,565 157,785 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.8 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,945 20,155 27,790 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 56,130 21,520 34,605 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 49,490 19,840 29,655 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 44,420 21,605 22,815 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 36,000 19,745 16,250 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 23,675 14,225 9,445 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 16,880 10,980 5,900 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 12,390 7,525 4,865 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 22,415 15,970 6,445 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,225 4,780 2,450 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,060 2,865 1,195 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,130 8,320 2,805 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 324,330 158,215 166,115 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 100,735 38,800 61,930 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 223,590 119,410 104,180 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.5 62.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,160 23,560 17,605 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 17,270 7,555 9,715 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 29,000 12,625 16,370 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 23,970 10,360 13,610 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 22,210 10,250 11,955 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 19,715 9,600 10,110 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 15,230 8,550 6,675 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,735 7,215 4,520 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 10,335 6,850 3,490 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 32,975 22,850 10,125 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,225 5,340 2,880 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,535 4,245 3,290 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 17,215 13,265 3,950 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 159,050 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,658 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,274 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,491 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,338 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 113,500 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,248 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,283 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 159,055 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,824 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,821 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 45,520 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,472 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,928 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 113,530 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,806 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,212 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 159,050 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,715 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,755 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,010 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,275 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,860 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,555 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,930 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,015 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,175 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,065 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,190 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,725 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,535 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,485 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,305 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,460 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,045 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,835 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,960 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,615 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 159,055 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,825 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,805 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,080 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,500 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,685 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,415 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,005 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,500 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,405 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,265 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,420 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,780 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,850 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,225 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,210 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,705 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,680 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,820 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 110,170 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,865 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,726 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,945 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,658 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,708 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 48,395 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,711 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,045 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,085 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,742 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,748 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 110,085 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,744 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,901 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,800 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,840 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,093 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 48,450 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,518 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,195 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,000 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,923 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,544 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 55,755 27,625 28,130 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,925 33,959 29,003 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,486 30,643 27,049 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 55,755 27,620 28,135 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,004 43,110 36,955 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,190 36,099 32,315 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 391,000 192,530 198,470 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 198,645 94,525 104,125 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 44,120 21,345 22,770 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 39,885 17,815 22,065 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 38,715 18,170 20,550 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 37,830 18,220 19,610 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 38,095 18,970 19,130 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 192,360 98,010 94,350 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 38,825 19,510 19,310 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 38,775 19,660 19,110 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 39,840 20,385 19,455 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 39,635 20,265 19,370 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 35,285 18,190 17,100 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 391,000 192,530 198,475 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 81,605 41,975 39,635 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 24,345 12,525 11,825 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 243,545 120,225 123,315 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 65,850 30,325 35,525 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,665 30,230 34,435 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 18,480 9,445 9,035 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,345 3,245 3,100 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 38,650 18,105 20,545 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,535 2,680 4,855 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.7 17.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.5 22.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.1 25.9 26.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.1 16.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.4 8.8 13.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,975 17,355 17,620 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 8,960 4,550 4,405 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,170 1,645 1,520 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 24,330 12,110 12,225 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,690 695 995 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 9.0 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 10.8 11.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.1 9.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 391,000 192,530 198,475 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 383,850 189,610 194,245 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 383,490 189,455 194,030 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 38,625 17,140 21,485 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 104,210 51,290 52,920 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 85 40 50 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 0 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 25 10 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 15 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,125 51,255 52,870 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,415 11,750 11,670 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 750 335 415 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 75 30 45 190 110 80
Somali 670 300 370 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,765 11,455 11,310 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 215 100 115 1,755 905 855
Arabic 20,535 10,380 10,155 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 250 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,565 1,715 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 115 40 75 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 325 170 150 165 90 80
Tigrigna 160 65 95 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 70 115 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,405 1,470 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 610 295 315 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,285 1,125 1,160 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,015 1,205 1,810 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 155 70 85 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 0 25 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 175 70 105 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 60 15 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,760 1,060 1,705 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 450 175 275 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 370 135 230 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 875 495 380 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 50 30 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 140 65 75 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 555 325 230 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 175 110 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 61,325 30,375 30,950 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,315 630 690 1,135 580 555
Armenian 250 120 130 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 13,710 6,605 7,110 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 100 30 65 635 310 325
Latvian 25 10 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 75 25 45 325 135 185
Slavic languages 13,615 6,570 7,040 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 15 0 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 380 190 185 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 100 50 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 2,505 1,230 1,275 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 240 120 125 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,435 720 715 345 180 160
Polish 3,600 1,665 1,935 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,075 495 585 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 3,695 1,880 1,815 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 230 120 115 1,240 595 645
Slovak 965 425 540 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 100 725 330 400
Ukrainian 590 230 365 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 250 120 125
Celtic languages 30 10 25 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 10,960 5,465 5,495 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 130 65 70 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 115 55 60 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 765 375 390 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 10 120 55 65
German 9,640 4,860 4,780 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 45 20 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 45 55 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 625 295 325 75 40 30
Greek 1,560 770 790 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 10,485 5,620 4,865 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 9,430 5,070 4,355 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 810 420 390 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 945 585 365 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,750 1,575 1,175 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 45 15 30 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 115 60 55 1,275 650 625
Nepali 450 230 215 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,285 1,730 1,555 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 80 45 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,525 1,830 1,690 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,075 565 505 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 170 100 70 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 50 25 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 875 460 415 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 24,685 12,160 12,520 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 12,535 6,205 6,330 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 3,010 1,485 1,520 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,595 1,220 1,375 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 7,225 3,635 3,595 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 220 130 85
Japanese 235 130 100 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 525 270 250 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,325 670 660 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 130 80 45 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 35 20 15 115 65 55
Ewe 25 10 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 115 55 60 240 140 95
Lingala 125 60 70 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 75 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 335 175 160 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 20 0 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 270 140 130 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 120 140 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 80 300 150 150
Dinka 35 20 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 250 120 135
Sign languages 720 300 420 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 415 160 260 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 145 160 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,065 3,870 4,190 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 7,765 3,715 4,050 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,565 1,195 1,370 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 0 20 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,030 2,395 2,640 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 275 145 135 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 500 255 240 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 160 155 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 85 40 45 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 275 135 140 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 545 250 295 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 330 160 170 1,125 505 620
Thai 310 140 170 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 645 330 320 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 25 25 10 835 455 385
Turkish 575 285 295 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 20 15 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,005 1,015 995 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 20 10 15 495 205 295
Finnish 110 65 50 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,875 940 935 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 391,005 192,530 198,470 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 368,575 181,630 186,940 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,205 40,220 37,980 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 290,370 141,410 148,960 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,430 10,895 11,530 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 391,000 192,530 198,475 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 300,470 148,715 151,750 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 85,810 40,975 44,840 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 28,705 13,855 14,855 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 10,365 4,975 5,390 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 17,590 8,210 9,385 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 18,340 8,685 9,660 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,170 4,405 4,765 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 9,175 4,280 4,895 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,800 5,250 5,550 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,725 2,840 1,885 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 85,810 40,975 44,840 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 10,520 5,275 5,245 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 16,355 8,405 7,945 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 20,215 9,005 11,210 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 31,870 15,150 16,720 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 6,845 3,140 3,710 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 85,810 40,975 44,835 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 15,375 6,685 8,695 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 185 80 115 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 405 190 215 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 820 385 435 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 100 30 70 920 415 500
Haiti 225 60 160 265 110 160
Jamaica 750 360 390 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 3,890 1,900 1,985 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 40 10 40 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 280 120 160 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,920 2,700 4,220 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,755 845 910 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 31,820 15,600 16,220 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145 545 600 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,015 1,045 970 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 370 175 190 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,305 650 660 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 810 420 395 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 810 380 430 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 6,630 3,370 3,260 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 680 380 300 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,465 1,125 1,340 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,660 800 855 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,300 1,070 1,235 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 450 210 245 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,660 865 795 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 280 125 155 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,125 2,430 2,690 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,970 1,950 2,025 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,090 2,020 2,080 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 70 40 30 430 270 150
Egypt 435 220 210 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 235 115 115 1,665 835 825
Kenya 85 45 35 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 65 30 40 730 385 340
Nigeria 490 265 225 1,205 630 575
Somalia 365 135 225 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 370 170 200 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,975 980 995 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 34,360 16,575 17,785 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 110 40 65 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 610 315 300 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,900 1,690 2,205 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 525 260 270 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 4,010 2,140 1,875 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 650 340 315 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 6,260 2,980 3,275 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 45 15 30 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 190 170 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 4,565 2,275 2,290 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 2,105 1,090 1,020 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,825 1,130 1,695 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 240 115 120 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,780 870 910 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 265 135 130 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,745 855 880 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 4,355 2,130 2,230 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 165 95 65 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,805 5,250 5,545 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,945 980 965 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 25 15 20 960 445 520
Colombia 40 10 30 465 220 240
Cuba 25 0 20 70 35 30
Haiti 105 25 75 15 0 10
Jamaica 105 65 40 160 115 45
Mexico 390 220 175 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 955 510 445 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 215 110 110 1,855 875 975
Europe 775 380 400 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 35 20 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 200 110