Census Profile, 2016 Census
York Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York Regional Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , York Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : York Regional Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,109,909 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,032,524 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 369,928 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 357,084 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 629.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,762.13 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,109,910 540,760 569,150 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 195,575 100,440 95,130 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 57,235 29,210 28,025 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 67,345 34,660 32,680 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 71,000 36,570 34,430 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 752,410 365,525 386,885 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 74,910 38,610 36,295 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 71,965 37,465 34,500 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 63,865 32,140 31,720 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 62,910 30,105 32,800 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 68,510 31,260 37,255 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 81,615 37,885 43,730 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 89,925 42,660 47,265 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 92,235 44,855 47,380 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 80,930 39,135 41,800 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 65,535 31,395 34,140 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 161,930 74,795 87,135 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 56,415 27,155 29,255 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 37,465 17,900 19,570 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 28,670 13,520 15,150 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 20,180 9,160 11,020 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 19,195 7,055 12,140 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,850 7,365 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 5,435 1,780 3,650 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,355 380 980 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 190 45 145 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.6 16.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.6 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 357,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 227,725 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,810 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,440 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,945 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 43,890 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,165 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,080 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 355 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 110 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 357,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 52,505 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 93,885 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 72,065 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 83,360 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 55,270 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,100,950 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 914,340 440,315 474,020 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 565,765 281,540 284,225 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 529,195 263,360 265,835 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 36,570 18,180 18,390 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 348,570 158,775 189,790 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 245,890 129,890 116,005 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 18,855 7,110 11,745 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 41,075 14,095 26,980 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 42,745 7,680 35,065 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 319,535 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 119,165 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 81,010 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 88,880 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,480 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 319,530 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 275,595 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 257,325 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,270 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 43,940 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 35,455 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 8,485 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 275,595 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 93,845 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 181,750 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 66,790 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 85,340 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 29,620 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 43,940 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 25,320 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 14,220 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,335 42,125 62,210 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 357,080 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 277,380 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 76,320 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 201,060 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 20,350 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 59,350 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 52,505 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,850 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 967,745 481,900 485,845 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 485 195 285 1,810 820 985
English and French 73,200 30,950 42,245 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 61,855 25,450 36,405 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,023,355 504,990 518,370 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 8,850 3,925 4,925 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 10,020 4,515 5,510 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 61,060 25,075 35,985 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,860 6,180 7,680 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,063,225 519,195 544,030 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 533,450 267,425 266,030 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 525,400 263,835 261,565 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 8,055 3,590 4,470 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 529,770 251,775 278,000 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 25 10 20 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 529,720 251,755 277,965 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,725 9,940 9,780 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 325 140 185 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 10 205 115 95
Somali 295 125 170 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 19,375 9,785 9,590 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 205 90 110 1,370 670 700
Arabic 10,465 5,225 5,245 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,725 835 895 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 260 250 440 245 200
Harari 50 20 30 20 5 15
Hebrew 5,790 3,060 2,735 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 370 170 190 215 100 115
Tigrigna 140 65 75 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,975 3,590 4,385 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,255 595 655 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 6,715 2,990 3,725 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 15,610 5,765 9,845 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 40 15 20 375 165 215
Cebuano 375 135 240 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 180 60 120 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 835 325 505 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 815 365 450 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 45 700 320 380
Pangasinan 35 20 20 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,160 4,770 8,390 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 30 15 15 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 480 240 245 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 345 170 170 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 23,920 11,585 12,335 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 215 115 100 280 150 135
Malayalam 1,440 710 735 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 21,550 10,410 11,140 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 705 350 355 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 238,550 114,865 123,690 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,440 705 730 1,465 765 705
Armenian 3,435 1,680 1,750 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 52,545 24,580 27,965 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 630 250 380 1,070 485 585
Latvian 250 90 160 565 255 300
Lithuanian 380 160 225 505 225 280
Slavic languages 51,910 24,330 27,585 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 110 50 60 95 45 50
Bosnian 140 70 75 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 765 365 400 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,155 550 610 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 435 190 245 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 2,635 1,255 1,385 325 160 165
Polish 4,405 2,010 2,390 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 37,315 17,570 19,745 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,540 780 765 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 170 90 75 1,395 670 725
Slovak 425 180 250 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 450 205 245 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 2,295 1,000 1,295 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 345 175 170
Celtic languages 45 25 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 240 130 110
Welsh 20 15 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,870 3,615 4,250 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 165 75 90 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 275 135 145 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,460 690 770 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 5 10 295 145 145
German 4,745 2,175 2,575 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 15 0 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 40 15 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 140 55 80 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 970 440 530 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 7,470 3,630 3,840 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 82,580 40,815 41,765 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 43,850 21,550 22,300 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 1,580 815 770 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 9,470 4,595 4,880 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 5,295 2,575 2,720 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 40 20 20 65 35 25
Konkani 170 80 95 255 130 125
Marathi 435 210 225 620 325 295
Nepali 125 60 65 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 20 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,750 4,870 4,880 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,345 645 700 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 990 465 525 1,675 845 830
Urdu 14,615 7,200 7,410 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 38,475 19,130 19,340 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 710 380 330 1,765 945 825
Pashto 605 295 310 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 37,160 18,455 18,705 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 83,175 39,815 43,360 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 20 10 10 160 85 75
Italian 54,680 26,405 28,280 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 7,440 3,475 3,965 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 6,560 3,115 3,445 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 14,440 6,795 7,640 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 105 65 40
Japanese 1,165 425 740 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 185 105 85 85 50 35
Georgian 185 100 85 85 50 40
Korean 12,955 6,155 6,805 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 360 150 205
Mongolian 20 10 10 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 680 730 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 380 185 200 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Edo 40 20 20 85 50 35
Ewe 40 20 20 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 45 25 20
Ga 30 15 15 45 20 25
Ganda 30 10 15 90 45 45
Igbo 145 65 75 245 145 105
Lingala 10 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 155 70 80
Shona 35 15 20 215 100 115
Swahili 270 125 145 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 225 120 100 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 150 85 65 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 25 10 15 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 125 70 55 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 199,205 94,330 104,875 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 198,980 94,220 104,755 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 108,680 51,650 57,030 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 2,980 1,395 1,585 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 78,965 37,350 41,615 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 275 125 145 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,620 1,685 1,930 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,795 805 990 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,610 1,180 1,425 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 110 120 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 170 75 95 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 35 20 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,030 435 595 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 755 355 400 1,100 550 550
Thai 265 75 190 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 3,230 1,660 1,565 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 585 320 270 530 290 235
Turkish 2,420 1,240 1,185 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 15 10 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 100 45 55 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 190 80 110
Uralic languages 3,985 1,820 2,170 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 335 140 190 705 295 410
Finnish 575 240 330 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 3,080 1,440 1,640 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 500 280 225
Multiple responses 40,060 19,305 20,760 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 2,110 975 1,135 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 35,880 17,405 18,475 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 865 395 470 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,210 530 675 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,004,040 490,600 513,435 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 687,870 340,820 347,045 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 684,910 339,505 345,400 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,955 1,315 1,640 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 316,175 149,785 166,390 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 316,155 149,775 166,380 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,110 4,440 4,675 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 165 70 95 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 5 90 50 45
Somali 150 65 85 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 8,935 4,360 4,580 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 65 30 35 600 275 320
Arabic 4,660 2,225 2,435 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030 465 565 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 275 135 140 310 165 145
Harari 15 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 2,700 1,420 1,280 900 465 440
Maltese 55 25 30 15 5 10
Tigrigna 65 30 35 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 30 45 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,490 2,030 2,460 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 720 315 410 800 375 420
Vietnamese 3,770 1,710 2,055 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 5,830 2,490 3,340 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 5 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 120 50 70 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 50 15 30 415 175 240
Ilocano 295 125 170 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 5 0 10 5 10
Malay 295 155 140 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 5 15 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,020 2,115 2,900 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 245 125 125 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 15,295 7,210 8,085 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 70 35 35 110 55 60
Malayalam 635 310 325 1,225 615 605
Tamil 14,250 6,705 7,545 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 330 160 170 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 114,395 54,195 60,200 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 665 325 340 695 335 360
Armenian 1,780 855 930 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 29,765 14,150 15,620 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 175 85 95 210 90 115
Latvian 50 25 25 80 30 50
Lithuanian 125 60 65 125 60 65
Slavic languages 29,590 14,070 15,520 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 35 15 20 15 5 5
Bosnian 50 30 25 595 300 300
Bulgarian 360 160 200 1,035 485 550
Croatian 295 135 160 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 75 35 40 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 890 405 480 150 75 75
Polish 1,545 745 800 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 24,540 11,685 12,850 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 690 345 345 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25 500 235 265
Slovak 110 50 60 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 35 45 145 65 85
Ukrainian 850 390 465 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 5 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 795 370 420 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 45 20 25 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 80 40 40 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 565 260 300 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 30 15 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 60 30 30 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 2,310 1,080 1,230 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 49,730 24,030 25,705 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 23,260 11,140 12,120 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 830 410 420 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5,085 2,360 2,725 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 2,420 1,165 1,255 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 15 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 30 15 15 40 25 25
Marathi 170 80 85 270 140 130
Nepali 70 35 35 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,365 2,610 2,760 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 465 215 250 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 195 225 675 330 340
Urdu 8,370 4,045 4,325 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 26,365 12,835 13,530 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 350 185 165 1,080 540 535
Pashto 310 145 165 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 25,705 12,500 13,205 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 29,345 13,385 15,965 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 5 5 65 35 35
Italian 16,485 7,255 9,225 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,320 1,110 1,210 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 3,365 1,575 1,785 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 7,165 3,430 3,735 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 535 235 300 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 90 55 35 30 15 10
Georgian 90 55 35 30 15 15
Korean 9,210 4,440 4,775 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 15 10 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 355 155 205 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 145 60 85 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 15 10 10
Ewe 10 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 5 10
Ga 10 5 5 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 35 15 25 40 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 65 25 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 35 15 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 240 135 105 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 45 20 30 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 110 75 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 152,975 72,665 80,310 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 152,870 72,620 80,250 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 83,405 39,260 44,150 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 1,285 600 690 700 295 410
Mandarin 63,770 30,715 33,060 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 80 35 45 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,505 695 815 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,125 540 580 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,675 770 905 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 45 60 1,745 885 865
Burmese 75 35 45 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 20 10 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 440 215 225 1,380 595 785
Lao 360 180 185 460 225 235
Thai 75 35 40 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,680 830 850 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 255 130 125 195 105 95
Turkish 1,350 660 690 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 10 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 25 15 10 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,225 545 670 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 70 30 40 95 40 55
Finnish 125 55 65 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,030 465 565 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 99,250 47,895 51,350 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,770 820 945 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 95,380 46,190 49,190 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 285 120 165 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 1,815 770 1,050 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,103,285 538,500 564,790 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 817,470 401,410 416,065 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 125,865 61,690 64,175 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 7,615 3,195 4,420 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 147,335 69,965 77,370 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 45 20 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 147,290 69,945 77,350 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 780 345 435 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 2,665 1,290 1,380 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 1,510 595 915 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 40 15 20 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 905,545 437,290 468,255 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,850 414,745 445,100 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,994 39,340 28,446 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 860,030 414,795 445,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,288 35,405 26,477 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 778,115 383,045 395,070 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,297 40,255 27,763 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 606,580 265,135 341,445 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,953 903 3,232 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 649,045 328,720 320,325 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,290 42,476 31,343 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 905,545 437,285 468,255 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,565 414,630 444,930 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,867 60,882 41,534 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,730 414,680 445,045 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,049 47,768 34,789 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 777,375 383,015 394,365 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,547 62,198 41,204 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 607,260 265,615 341,640 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,013 5,350 6,529 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 649,045 328,905 320,135 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,177 61,657 42,437 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 905,545 437,285 468,260 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 319,420 178,475 140,940 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,914 65,701 53,923 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,216 84,288 63,728 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.4 87.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.6 80.6 73.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.6 12.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 905,545 437,285 468,260 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 45,695 22,545 23,155 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 859,845 414,745 445,105 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,565 67,250 86,315 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 149,160 63,110 86,055 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 101,740 43,910 57,830 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 79,290 35,225 44,060 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 71,465 32,350 39,110 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 58,745 27,995 30,745 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 48,305 24,785 23,520 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 39,365 21,230 18,135 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 33,205 18,765 14,445 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 30,600 16,375 14,225 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 94,415 63,755 30,660 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 60,710 38,970 21,740 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 33,700 24,785 8,915 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 905,545 437,290 468,255 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 45,515 22,490 23,025 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 860,030 414,795 445,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.9 95.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,580 68,235 88,345 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 154,940 65,800 89,135 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 115,705 50,275 65,430 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 94,875 42,500 52,370 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 83,675 39,445 44,230 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 65,245 33,265 31,980 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 50,870 28,300 22,575 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 43,065 23,825 19,245 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 95,080 63,160 31,915 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 29,760 17,415 12,345 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 17,845 11,680 6,165 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 47,470 34,065 13,405 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 905,545 437,290 468,255 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 256,500 108,570 147,930 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 649,045 328,720 320,330 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.7 75.2 68.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 79,430 36,680 42,750 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 54,125 24,350 29,775 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 88,210 41,275 46,935 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 65,170 29,430 35,745 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 58,210 26,065 32,150 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 54,060 24,715 29,345 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 45,970 22,510 23,460 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 38,615 20,145 18,470 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 32,125 17,875 14,250 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 133,125 85,670 47,455 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 28,400 16,350 12,045 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 27,645 14,705 12,940 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 77,085 54,610 22,470 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 357,080 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,776 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,804 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,500 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,454 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,026 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 304,580 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,385 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,578 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 357,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 122,446 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,832 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,565 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,702 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,180 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 304,520 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 133,622 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,921 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 357,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,505 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,450 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,325 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,965 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,360 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,455 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,980 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,085 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,920 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,870 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,210 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,700 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,190 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,530 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,170 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 170,370 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,390 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,230 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,395 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 48,355 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 357,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,055 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,525 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,435 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,330 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,155 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,375 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,275 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,625 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,085 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,925 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,785 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,055 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,930 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,930 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,955 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,640 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,615 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,530 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,490 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 301,820 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,298 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,633 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 73,975 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,225 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 181,790 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,337 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,763 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 37,465 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,186 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,183 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 301,660 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,766 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,111 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 74,010 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,111 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,059 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 181,560 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 151,941 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,411 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,470 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,761 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,120 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,925 32,620 41,305 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,437 36,813 31,250 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,558 33,044 28,942 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 73,925 32,525 41,400 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,689 54,146 46,187 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,315 43,053 38,164 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,100,950 537,640 563,310 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 445,670 212,485 233,185 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 91,175 43,965 47,210 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 89,320 41,370 47,955 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 86,835 41,195 45,640 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 85,945 41,350 44,595 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 92,395 44,610 47,780 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 655,280 325,155 330,125 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 99,705 48,695 51,015 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 111,205 54,600 56,600 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 127,465 62,975 64,485 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 148,530 73,995 74,535 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 168,380 84,890 83,490 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,100,690 537,520 563,165 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 240,140 123,460 116,680 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 69,750 35,665 34,085 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 705,355 341,145 364,210 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 155,195 72,915 82,275 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 132,450 63,055 69,390 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 34,050 17,765 16,285 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 10,015 5,240 4,780 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 80,575 37,705 42,870 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 17,825 7,585 10,240 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.7 12.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.4 14.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.7 14.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.1 11.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.5 10.4 12.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 101,265 48,450 52,815 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 25,495 13,300 12,195 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 7,470 3,935 3,535 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 65,660 30,995 34,660 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 10,115 4,155 5,960 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.8 10.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 11.0 10.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.7 7.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,039,185 512,470 526,720 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,038,690 512,245 526,445 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 73,385 30,930 42,455 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 642,380 306,045 336,335 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 130 60 65 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 115 55 60 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 10 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 45 55 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 95 45 55 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 642,250 305,985 336,270 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,690 18,525 18,170 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 35 15 20 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 455 205 255 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 55 30 25 245 140 110
Somali 400 175 230 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 36,240 18,315 17,920 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 450 225 230 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 15,335 7,735 7,600 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,080 970 1,105 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 585 320 265 570 285 285
Harari 55 30 25 55 35 20
Hebrew 18,265 9,320 8,940 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 545 275 265 315 155 155
Tigrigna 175 75 95 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 55 105 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,405 5,055 6,355 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,650 785 865 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 9,805 4,290 5,510 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 20,200 7,415 12,780 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 35 10 25 530 215 310
Cebuano 510 190 320 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 15 15 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 125 50 70 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 1,150 450 695 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 25 15 0 25 15 10
Malay 1,220 535 685 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 100 45 55 855 365 495
Pangasinan 25 15 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,455 6,690 11,765 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 155 55 100 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 1,365 675 690 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 790 400 395 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 560 275 285 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 31,440 15,325 16,115 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 370 175 195 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,955 930 1,025 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 28,445 13,885 14,565 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 1,210 605 610 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 307,865 148,660 159,205 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,645 820 830 1,640 840 795
Armenian 3,950 1,900 2,050 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 60,455 28,650 31,805 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 890 385 505 1,030 515 520
Latvian 390 170 220 555 290 265
Lithuanian 500 220 280 475 220 250
Slavic languages 60,060 28,500 31,565 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 290 145 140 245 115 125
Bosnian 240 110 135 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 850 385 465 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,710 790 920 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 545 250 295 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 3,945 1,940 2,005 400 220 185
Polish 5,165 2,410 2,755 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 44,785 21,215 23,570 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,935 1,010 925 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 245 140 105 1,525 770 750
Slovak 530 210 320 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 565 285 280 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 4,870 2,265 2,605 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 420 215 205
Celtic languages 170 80 85 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 95 45 55 660 395 265
Welsh 40 20 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 13,665 6,425 7,240 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,150 570 580 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 300 140 160 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,055 880 1,175 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 20 10 15 465 230 240
German 8,225 3,900 4,325 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 180 95 85 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 330 150 180 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 20 20 545 270 275
Yiddish 1,785 880 905 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 155 95 60
Greek 11,310 5,540 5,770 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 106,865 52,795 54,070 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 62,205 30,850 31,360 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 2,220 1,140 1,085 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 13,010 6,225 6,785 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 20,875 10,240 10,635 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 40 20 15 60 30 25
Konkani 410 200 205 415 215 200
Marathi 825 450 370 1,475 780 695
Nepali 210 95 110 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 95 40 55 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,015 8,710 8,310 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 2,085 940 1,150 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,125 1,100 1,030 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 22,885 11,505 11,380 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 45,295 22,260 23,035 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,235 670 570 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 680 365 310 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 44,025 21,595 22,435 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 116,680 55,850 60,830 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 30 20 15 395 210 180
Italian 78,395 37,685 40,715 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 9,885 4,690 5,195 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 7,695 3,640 4,055 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 24,520 11,640 12,885 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 380 245 140
Japanese 2,525 1,115 1,410 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 260 125 135 115 55 60
Georgian 260 125 130 115 55 55
Korean 15,245 7,265 7,980 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 45 15 30 370 170 200
Mongolian 50 15 30 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 3,320 1,675 1,645 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 670 340 330 630 350 280
Bamanankan 30 25 10 30 20 15
Edo 50 25 20 145 80 60
Ewe 45 20 25 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 0 15 105 30 70
Ga 30 20 15 150 95 50
Ganda 50 30 15 165 80 85
Igbo 235 85 150 425 240 185
Lingala 60 30 25 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 70 25 40 415 220 195
Swahili 1,300 680 620 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 15 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 450 230 225 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 460 235 225 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 35 325 155 165
Sign languages 700 270 430 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 340 115 230 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 365 155 210 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 224,860 106,865 117,995 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 224,690 106,800 117,895 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 133,810 63,235 70,575 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 3,480 1,585 1,895 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 115,265 53,825 61,440 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 180 55 120 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,300 1,930 2,375 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,515 1,180 1,330 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,870 1,350 1,520 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 110 135 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 190 85 105 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 35 15 20 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,285 545 745 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 915 425 490 1,630 735 890
Thai 435 145 285 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,495 2,785 2,705 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 1,030 530 500 945 510 435
Turkish 4,370 2,195 2,175 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 120 60 65 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 275 140 130
Uralic languages 4,815 2,220 2,590 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 525 235 285 780 350 425
Finnish 700 300 405 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 3,600 1,685 1,915 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 200 100 95 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 993,335 488,255 505,080 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 227,510 116,845 110,665 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 765,825 371,410 394,415 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,615 49,390 58,225 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 570,710 287,520 283,190 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,225 243,380 271,850 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 119,395 57,695 61,700 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 75,150 36,255 38,890 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 139,810 66,135 73,685 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 129,465 59,915 69,550 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 72,605 33,845 38,760 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 56,860 26,075 30,785 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,405 23,385 28,025 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,015 6,745 8,270 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,230 243,380 271,845 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 43,280 21,550 21,740 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 84,305 42,520 41,785 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 111,620 50,505 61,115 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 218,680 102,960 115,715 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 57,340 25,850 31,490 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,230 243,380 271,850 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 42,700 19,665 23,035 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 1,165 560 605 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,850 875 975 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 985 450 535 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 6,900 3,120 3,780 1,305 600 710
Haiti 135 70 65 570 250 315
Jamaica 8,655 3,830 4,830 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,060 465 590 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 1,160 525 635 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 3,870 1,845 2,025 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,420 3,340 4,080 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 9,495 4,590 4,905 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 119,590 56,995 62,595 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 585 315 270 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 930 415 515 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 720 340 380 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,660 1,630 2,030 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 4,770 2,475 2,295 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,715 770 945 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 785 370 415 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 36,035 17,745 18,290 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,355 650 700 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 3,730 1,640 2,095 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,710 2,225 2,480 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 6,285 2,955 3,335 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 13,820 6,185 7,635 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 485 560 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 9,910 4,720 5,190 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,900 7,050 7,845 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 14,645 7,030 7,615 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 20,930 10,265 10,665 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 80 20 55 485 310 175
Egypt 3,970 2,020 1,950 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 405 215 190 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 2,100 980 1,120 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 1,010 525 490 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,105 490 615 1,740 925 815
Somalia 350 135 220 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 3,925 1,935 1,990 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 7,980 3,945 4,035 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 331,090 156,020 175,070 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 3,895 1,970 1,925 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,325 690 640 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 99,195 45,735 53,460 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50,850 24,260 26,590 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 28,625 13,940 14,685 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 32,620 16,020 16,600 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 4,675 2,320 2,355 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 815 295 520 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 11,335 5,420 5,910 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 2,185 1,075 1,110 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 12,885 6,350 6,535 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 18,175 7,065 11,115 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 19,550 9,455 10,090 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 805 415 390 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 4,530 1,985 2,540 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 11,300 4,975 6,330 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 28,320 14,050 14,275 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 920 430 490 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,405 23,385 28,020 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 3,075 1,470 1,600 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 210 80 130 1,145 525 615
Colombia 125 45 75 580 250 325
Cuba 85 55 40 140 60 80
Haiti 15 10 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 325 140 180 625 355 265
Mexico 210 115 95 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 570 570 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 130 50 75 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 840 405 435 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 4,260 1,965 2,295 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 55 35 20 970 510 460
Germany 105 65 35 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 35 15 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 305 150 160 245 120 125
Romania 255 85 170