Census Profile, 2016 Census
City of Toronto Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic City of Toronto Health Unit,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , City of Toronto Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : City of Toronto Health Unit, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,570 1,313,585 1,417,985 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,100 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,350 65,680 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 127,110 64,945 62,165 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,075 981,420 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 145,520 74,240 71,285 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 194,745 97,415 97,330 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,910 119,040 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,070 102,240 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 182,395 86,535 95,860 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,855 100,065 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 202,410 98,735 103,670 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,270 81,595 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 426,940 184,325 242,615 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,180 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 93,605 42,320 51,285 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 76,165 32,730 43,435 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 60,635 25,670 34,965 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 66,000 23,250 42,750 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,130 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 770 120 650 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 269,675 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,280 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,885 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,230 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 61,630 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,630 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,860 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,925 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 359,960 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 333,425 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 175,725 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 146,580 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 97,245 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,800 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 1,011,185 505,025 506,160 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 170,175 87,540 82,635 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 1,152,080 516,840 635,235 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 806,265 410,975 395,295 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 151,995 55,490 96,515 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 125,100 22,810 102,285 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,755 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 344,110 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 174,600 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 143,250 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 56,795 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,750 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 566,155 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 481,125 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 85,030 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,600 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 128,550 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 24,050 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,160 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 250,085 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 316,070 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 133,440 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 130,765 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 51,865 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,600 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 94,025 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 41,160 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 17,415 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,860 277,825 325,035 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,925 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 653,360 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,085 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,275 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,595 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 427,975 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 359,960 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,015 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 2,323,235 1,139,580 1,183,655 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 2,720 1,140 1,585 1,810 820 985
English and French 245,695 107,990 137,705 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 2,508,820 1,219,600 1,289,220 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 39,800 18,805 20,995 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 24,865 11,210 13,655 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 130,935 52,295 78,645 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,825 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,215 1,347,015 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 1,411,340 697,965 713,380 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 1,375,900 681,120 694,780 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 35,440 16,845 18,595 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,255 633,635 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 420 185 235 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 315 140 170 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 5 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 85 30 50 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 40 15 30 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 95 105 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 175 85 90 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 5 5 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 20 0 20 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 0 15 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 5 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,070 633,400 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,535 32,335 33,205 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 135 75 50 115 75 45
Kabyle 55 30 25 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,305 7,050 1,505 765 740
Bilen 70 45 30 5 0 0
Oromo 855 420 440 205 115 95
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,565 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 20 10 15
Semitic languages 52,850 26,835 26,010 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 6,430 2,880 3,545 1,370 670 700
Arabic 29,825 15,745 14,080 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 700 360 335 440 245 200
Harari 755 350 405 20 5 15
Hebrew 4,350 2,350 2,005 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 1,425 720 710 215 100 115
Tigrigna 4,145 1,890 2,260 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 380 185 185 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 205 115 90 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,160 11,855 14,305 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 590 775 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 5 10 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 99,755 39,025 60,730 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 320 135 185 375 165 215
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 30 15 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 1,695 660 1,035 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,370 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 20 10 10 20 10 15
Malay 1,930 880 1,050 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 715 310 410 700 320 380
Pangasinan 325 125 200 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,790 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 210 60 155 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 290 465 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,665 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 165 80 90 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 1,830 815 1,010 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,020 460 565 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,880 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 730 380 350 280 150 135
Malayalam 4,560 2,465 2,100 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 57,535 27,935 29,600 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 4,130 2,355 1,775 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 20 5 10 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 589,410 282,355 307,060 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 8,495 4,230 4,275 1,465 765 705
Armenian 7,845 3,745 4,105 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,655 66,790 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 3,485 1,365 2,125 1,070 485 585
Latvian 1,605 640 965 565 255 300
Lithuanian 1,880 720 1,160 505 225 280
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 195 100 95 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,110 530 580 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5,565 2,535 3,035 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 325 160 165
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,210 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,345 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 13,385 6,455 6,930 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 665 800 1,395 670 725
Slovak 3,100 1,455 1,645 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 745 1,035 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,785 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 345 175 170
Celtic languages 270 125 140 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 75 40 40 240 130 110
Welsh 85 30 50 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45 95 50 45
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,210 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 400 210 185 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 670 285 380 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 3,180 1,535 1,645 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 20 15 295 145 145
German 14,515 6,435 8,080 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 65 35 30 275 135 145
Norwegian 230 105 125 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 695 305 395 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 445 220 225
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 65 45 25
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,420 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 194,760 99,110 95,645 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,695 67,930 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 28,460 14,370 14,090 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 26,400 13,520 12,880 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 15,230 7,960 7,275 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 80 40 35 65 35 25
Konkani 745 355 390 255 130 125
Marathi 1,760 930 830 620 325 295
Nepali 2,540 1,295 1,245 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 130 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,380 9,585 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,360 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,600 1,680 1,675 845 830
Urdu 37,420 19,010 18,415 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 55,190 27,895 27,295 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,645 930 715 1,765 945 825
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,075 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 49,190 24,680 24,505 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 945 520 420 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 207,445 97,980 109,465 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 125 70 55 160 85 75
Italian 62,635 29,050 33,590 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 59,360 28,540 30,820 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 72,850 34,635 38,220 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 105 65 40
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 870 465 405 85 50 35
Georgian 870 465 400 85 50 40
Korean 33,665 15,155 18,510 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 295 130 165 360 150 205
Mongolian 290 130 160 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,460 7,325 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 4,340 1,970 2,370 495 275 220
Bamanankan 45 20 25 10 5 5
Edo 670 260 410 85 50 35
Ewe 175 90 80 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 85 75 45 25 20
Ga 205 85 115 45 20 25
Ganda 375 180 195 90 45 45
Igbo 745 385 355 245 145 105
Lingala 285 135 150 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 290 135 150 155 70 80
Shona 390 190 205 215 100 115
Swahili 2,230 1,045 1,180 805 400 405
Wolof 115 65 55 50 25 25
Yoruba 1,580 820 765 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,905 845 1,060 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 130 105 340 175 165
Dinka 40 20 15 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 90 240 115 125
Sign languages 565 320 245 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 210 120 95 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 150 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,325 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 245,285 111,855 133,430 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 2,855 1,220 1,640 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 111,410 51,125 60,285 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 450 220 230 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,300 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,470 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,895 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 605 275 335 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 260 120 135 815 395 425
Tibetan 4,595 2,270 2,320 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,035 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 705 365 345 1,100 550 550
Thai 1,005 325 680 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 10 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10,675 5,615 5,065 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 910 495 420 530 290 235
Turkish 8,830 4,665 4,165 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 240 115 120 170 85 85
Uzbek 435 230 215 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 255 115 140 190 80 110
Uralic languages 15,145 6,660 8,490 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 1,945 770 1,170 705 295 410
Finnish 1,320 495 820 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 11,890 5,390 6,500 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 275 500 280 225
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 7,550 3,520 4,025 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 92,625 44,390 48,230 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 3,305 1,515 1,785 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,260 1,455 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,510 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,739,620 850,745 888,875 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 17,065 7,910 9,155 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 701,785 327,145 374,640 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 55 30 20 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 25 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 5 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 20 20 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,090 374,585 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,375 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 45 20 20 45 25 20
Kabyle 15 10 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 7,495 3,140 4,355 770 355 415
Bilen 40 20 20 0 0 0
Oromo 495 230 265 90 50 45
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 15 5 10
Semitic languages 28,920 13,965 14,950 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 600 275 320
Arabic 16,490 8,210 8,280 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,615 1,755 1,860 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 245 235 310 165 145
Harari 445 200 250 10 5 5
Hebrew 1,610 800 810 900 465 440
Maltese 430 200 225 15 5 10
Tigrigna 2,250 985 1,270 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,755 8,020 9,735 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 730 305 420 800 375 420
Vietnamese 17,020 7,710 9,310 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,160 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 70 30 40 75 30 35
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 615 265 355 415 175 240
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 570 275 300 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 95 120 150 70 80
Pangasinan 60 25 35 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,515 17,680 24,840 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 235 105 125 310 150 160
Creole languages 1,530 660 865 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 110 55 60 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 435 580 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 175 230 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,845 24,225 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 290 155 135 110 55 60
Malayalam 2,455 1,320 1,140 1,225 615 605
Tamil 42,020 20,080 21,930 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 317,080 150,570 166,505 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 4,115 2,070 2,045 695 335 360
Armenian 5,175 2,430 2,740 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 61,615 28,155 33,455 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 1,085 430 650 210 90 115
Latvian 460 180 285 80 30 50
Lithuanian 620 250 370 125 60 65
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,805 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 75 35 35 15 5 5
Bosnian 500 240 265 595 300 300
Bulgarian 2,450 1,190 1,260 1,035 485 550
Croatian 2,040 950 1,095 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 850 410 440 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 2,725 1,285 1,440 150 75 75
Polish 10,605 4,725 5,880 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 23,075 10,420 12,655 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 8,025 3,865 4,160 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 580 275 310 500 235 265
Slovak 1,615 795 820 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 490 200 295 145 65 85
Ukrainian 7,420 3,305 4,120 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 40 20 20
Celtic languages 40 25 10 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 10 5 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 2,895 1,320 1,575 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 90 45 45 1,475 715 760
Danish 80 40 45 305 145 160
Dutch 285 135 145 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,950 870 1,080 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 15 5 10 75 35 35
Norwegian 35 15 15 140 60 80
Swedish 130 55 75 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 50 30 20
Yiddish 290 145 145 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 5
Greek 13,000 6,065 6,935 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 122,135 60,790 61,345 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,410 42,065 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 18,935 9,390 9,540 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 7,845 4,060 3,785 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 10 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 160 80 85 40 25 25
Marathi 775 405 375 270 140 130
Nepali 1,705 875 835 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 145 70 75 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,205 5,865 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 1,130 490 635 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,550 765 785 675 330 340
Urdu 23,625 11,770 11,850 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,105 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 905 490 415 1,080 540 535
Pashto 2,995 1,530 1,465 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,225 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 70 35 35 65 35 35
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,770 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 33,425 16,085 17,340 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5,915 2,705 3,205 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 41,530 19,505 22,025 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 20 5 10
Japanese 3,300 1,380 1,915 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 640 345 295 30 15 10
Georgian 640 340 295 30 15 15
Korean 23,625 10,830 12,790 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 175 90 90 170 80 90
Mongolian 175 90 85 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 2,325 1,000 1,325 150 80 65
Bamanankan 20 5 5 5 5 5
Edo 215 85 125 15 10 10
Ewe 40 15 25 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 20 5 10
Ga 80 30 50 5 5 0
Ganda 110 50 65 10 5 5
Igbo 250 130 120 40 20 15
Lingala 75 30 45 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 55 55 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 80 35 45 60 25 35
Shona 125 55 70 65 25 40
Swahili 990 440 555 200 90 115
Wolof 55 35 20 20 10 10
Yoruba 560 295 265 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 255 320 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 140 60 75
Dinka 10 5 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 885 520 365 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 315 175 140 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 565 345 225 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 181,255 83,310 97,940 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,975 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 1,250 550 695 700 295 410
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 155 70 85 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,805 1,290 1,515 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,475 680 795 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,980 2,375 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,065 2,115 1,745 885 865
Burmese 365 165 205 720 375 350
Karenic languages 205 105 105 725 355 370
Tibetan 3,520 1,755 1,775 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 710 330 385 1,380 595 785
Lao 315 155 160 460 225 235
Thai 395 170 220 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 365 185 180 195 105 95
Turkish 5,490 2,770 2,725 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 130 70 60 95 50 50
Uzbek 260 140 125 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 40 20 25
Uralic languages 6,255 2,830 3,425 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 535 185 345 95 40 55
Finnish 265 105 155 725 325 400
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,920 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 210 115 95 145 70 75
Multiple responses 245,945 116,105 129,840 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 6,510 3,015 3,500 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 1,355 595 760 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 4,785 2,145 2,635 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,510 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 2,057,585 995,085 1,062,505 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 27,445 12,365 15,080 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 335,090 157,715 177,375 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 385 165 220 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 334,705 157,555 177,150 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 1,840 875 965 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 6,420 3,080 3,345 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 4,370 1,945 2,420 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 145 65 75 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,910 1,145,115 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,335 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,925 969,520 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,440 709,590 888,845 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,650 1,202,135 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,220 1,041,920 1,145,300 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,695 970,505 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,725 710,015 888,705 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,750 791,440 787,310 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,990 333,590 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 107,755 50,750 57,010 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,425 182,890 206,540 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,800 234,550 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 291,150 125,720 165,430 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 221,480 100,395 121,080 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,535 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 114,465 57,710 56,755 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 89,645 46,940 42,705 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,360 32,630 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,000 28,210 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 209,580 127,210 82,365 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 89,765 58,970 30,790 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,125 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,790 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,775 185,315 210,465 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 425,585 183,045 242,535 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,295 186,110 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 261,430 120,820 140,610 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,550 77,370 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 112,490 59,260 53,240 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 84,295 44,485 39,810 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 208,610 125,585 83,030 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 34,665 20,030 14,625 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 116,675 74,845 41,830 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,890 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,230 94,895 106,335 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 219,860 103,505 116,360 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 157,110 75,225 81,885 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,405 73,445 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 113,280 57,240 56,040 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,125 43,185 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 72,185 39,215 32,975 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 273,755 163,430 110,330 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 57,580 31,675 25,910 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,265 24,580 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,490 59,845 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,960 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,925 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,990 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,195 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,545 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,020 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,285 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,490 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 343,520 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 96,600 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 34,790 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,620 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,080 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,915 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,540 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,770 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,565 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 263,465 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,025 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,260 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 111,180 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,595 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,150 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,455 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,800 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,445 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,690 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,290 246,070 272,220 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,105 271,895 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,240 1,395,430 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,505 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 320,165 146,185 173,985 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 268,500 125,455 143,040 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 223,410 107,115 116,295 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,420 626,925 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 216,450 103,995 112,455 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,785 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,420 122,425 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,205 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 1,811,260 874,405 936,860 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,390 254,890 288,500 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 125,680 64,485 61,190 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 42,685 21,880 20,805 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,730 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 69,935 27,355 42,575 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,330 224,145 245,185 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 98,905 50,725 48,185 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 33,955 17,345 16,605 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,130 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 47,800 17,935 29,865 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,565 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 2,557,220 1,242,185 1,315,030 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 246,605 107,660 138,950 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,255 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 795 325 470 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 655 285 375 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 65 70 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 25 20 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 35 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 215 290 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 485 205 275 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 10 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 25 10 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 50 10 35 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 0 30 25 10 15
Oneida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 10 10 10 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 10 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 10 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,020 689,205 774,820 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,730 49,940 50,795 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 140 80 60 145 95 45
Kabyle 35 15 20 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 17,250 7,505 9,745 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 70 45 25 20 10 15
Oromo 1,175 495 685 245 140 110
Somali 16,020 6,955 9,065 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 10 0 10
Semitic languages 84,515 42,935 41,575 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 9,555 4,440 5,120 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 47,890 25,000 22,885 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,930 2,865 3,065 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 345 570 285 285
Harari 945 480 470 55 35 20
Hebrew 18,865 9,555 9,310 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 1,865 910 950 315 155 155
Tigrigna 5,145 2,425 2,720 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 260 210 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 185 190 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,605 18,360 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 850 1,175 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 32,170 14,870 17,295 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 128,080 50,505 77,570 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 390 180 210 530 215 310
Cebuano 4,690 1,865 2,825 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 1,810 735 1,075 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 55 20 35 25 15 10
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,850 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 920 420 500 855 365 495
Pangasinan 320 130 190 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,155 47,540 73,620 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 220 65 155 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 455 195 260 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,010 2,825 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,620 2,050 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 87,335 43,525 43,810 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 1,610 835 775 510 250 265
Malayalam 6,705 3,550 3,155 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 74,745 36,610 38,135 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 6,135 3,560 2,570 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,535 395,235 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 1,640 840 795
Armenian 9,630 4,560 5,070 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 138,380 62,970 75,405 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 1,030 515 520
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 555 290 265
Lithuanian 2,145 800 1,345 475 220 250
Slavic languages 135,360 61,785 73,575 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 465 240 225 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,960 925 1,030 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 4,860 2,335 2,520 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 8,245 3,850 4,390 400 220 185
Polish 30,970 13,520 17,455 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 51,040 23,150 27,890 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 1,525 770 750
Slovak 3,460 1,600 1,855 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,010 890 1,120 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 21,015 9,145 11,870 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 335 205 130 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,355 720 640 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 395 215 180 660 395 265
Welsh 140 65 80 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 815 440 380 860 450 410
Germanic languages 43,080 20,695 22,385 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 1,090 485 605 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,425 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 70 35 40 465 230 240
German 29,980 14,340 15,640 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 100 50 50 405 210 195
Norwegian 480 240 240 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 1,630 765 865 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 155 70 90 545 270 275
Yiddish 4,685 2,305 2,380 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 155 95 60
Greek 40,170 19,695 20,480 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 193,285 99,090 94,195 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 35,635 18,260 17,380 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 36,180 18,650 17,530 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 65,355 34,355 31,005 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 85 45 40 60 30 25
Konkani 1,505 695 810 415 215 200
Marathi 3,230 1,625 1,600 1,475 780 695
Nepali 3,925 1,945 1,975 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,780 17,715 16,060 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 4,190 1,955 2,235 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,390 3,470 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 57,670 29,285 28,390 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 63,765 32,350 31,415 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 2,080 1,205 870 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 6,575 3,595 2,975 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 57,760 29,105 28,650 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,520 850 670 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,500 154,065 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 240 125 115 395 210 180
Italian 91,595 42,760 48,835 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,275 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 14,620 6,575 8,045 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 122,195 57,080 65,110 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 220 215 380 245 140
Japanese 12,070 5,105 6,965 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 1,130 570 550 115 55 60
Georgian 1,130 570 555 115 55 55
Korean 37,610 17,460 20,150 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 350 150 190 370 170 200
Mongolian 350 155 195 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 7,005 3,220 3,785 630 350 280
Bamanankan 110 70 35 30 20 15
Edo 1,205 500 710 145 80 60
Ewe 265 155 110 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 295 150 150 105 30 70
Ga 475 195 280 150 95 50
Ganda 580 280 305 165 80 85
Igbo 1,480 765 715 425 240 185
Lingala 1,265 540 730 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 395 210 185 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 215 250 290 125 165
Shona 755 345 410 415 220 195
Swahili 6,210 2,995 3,210 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 285 135 150 50 25 30
Yoruba 3,600 1,865 1,730 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,230 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 405 210 200
Dinka 55 35 20 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 135 120 325 155 165
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,710 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 15 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 645 545 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,905 129,990 149,910 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 273,760 126,965 146,795 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 141,265 64,620 76,645 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 3,030 1,260 1,775 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 150,735 69,895 80,835 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 460 205 255 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,240 3,190 4,045 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,900 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,165 3,230 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 885 400 490 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 245 115 135 955 485 465
Tibetan 5,045 2,520 2,525 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 175 120 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 845 380 465 1,630 735 890
Thai 1,455 540 915 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15,395 8,125 7,275 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 1,465 760 705 945 510 435
Turkish 12,995 6,910 6,095 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 325 150 175 115 60 55
Uzbek 630 345 285 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 275 140 130
Uralic languages 17,065 7,680 9,385 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 1,985 855 1,130 780 350 425
Finnish 1,435 585 850 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,440 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,310 680 630 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,370 1,108,005 1,188,370 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,660 221,475 210,175 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,715 886,525 978,190 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,295 188,270 207,030 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,275 1,395,395 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,085 665,435 666,655 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,000 583,970 682,030 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 294,065 133,315 160,755 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,200 90,360 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,140 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 330,555 152,945 177,605 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 162,775 75,695 87,075 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,575 46,865 46,710 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,970 682,030 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 205,915 102,695 103,215 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 270,475 120,040 150,430 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,760 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 134,195 58,775 75,420 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,000 583,970 682,030 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 7,025 3,365 3,660 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 8,710 3,995 4,720 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 6,960 3,495 3,460 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 34,490 14,705 19,790 1,305 600 710
Haiti 1,850 835 1,020 570 250 315
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 7,225 3,335 3,890 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 3,870 1,725 2,145 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,330 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,530 11,485 13,050 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 52,635 22,970 29,665 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 298,265 139,045 159,225 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,130 2,445 2,690 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 4,675 2,200 2,480 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 4,585 2,175 2,410 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 11,090 5,215 5,870 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 19,235 9,185 10,050 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 7,855 3,580 4,285 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 45,515 21,355 24,170 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,685 1,355 1,335 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 21,365 9,270 12,095 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 38,575 18,490 20,085 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 12,875 5,695 7,185 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 15,780 7,075 8,710 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,430 20,870 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 39,225 18,350 20,875 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 770 435 335 485 310 175
Egypt 6,625 3,490 3,130 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 9,075 4,095 4,985 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,685 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 1,850 890 965 985 535 455
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 1,740 925 815
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,415 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,715 2,845 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 32,060 15,315 16,735 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 674,490 314,010 360,485 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 12,740 6,455 6,285 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 25,095 12,730 12,365 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,480 59,275 72,205 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 38,825 17,860 20,965 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 79,225 40,115 39,115 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 36,445 18,295 18,145 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 11,135 5,485 5,645 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 3,985 1,260 2,725 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 26,830 12,330 14,500 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 6,010 3,350 2,660 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 34,750 17,540 17,215 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 118,775 47,825 70,955 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 52,900 25,740 27,160 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,580 2,790 2,785 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 7,695 3,320 4,375 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 30,575 13,725 16,855 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 52,450 25,925 26,525 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,780 1,910 1,870 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 187,950 88,780 99,170 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 23,850 11,215 12,635 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 1,910 935 980 1,145 525 615
Colombia 1,430 665 760 580 250 325
Cuba 775 345 425 140 60 80
Haiti 675 320 360 35 35 10
Jamaica 3,530 1,845 1,685 625 355 265
Mexico 2,065 995 1,070 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,015 2,090 1,930 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,060 480 575 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 8,390 3,545 4,845 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 20,265 10,240 10,025 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 1,145 560 585 970 510 460
Germany 625 340 285 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,215 775 440 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 400 180 220 245 120