Census Profile, 2016 Census
Prairie Mountain Health [Health region, December 2017], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prairie Mountain Health
Manitoba
[Health region, December 2017]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Prairie Mountain Health [Health region, December 2017], Manitoba  Map : Prairie Mountain Health [Health region, December 2017], Manitoba Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 165,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 161,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 77,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 64,800.37  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 165,600 81,720 83,880 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 31,905 16,425 15,480 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 10,740 5,550 5,195 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 11,020 5,675 5,340 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 10,140 5,200 4,945 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 102,030 50,930 51,095 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 9,875 5,010 4,865 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 9,590 4,870 4,715 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 10,180 5,095 5,090 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 10,235 5,130 5,100 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 9,940 4,960 4,975 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 9,560 4,800 4,760 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 9,175 4,570 4,610 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 10,815 5,245 5,570 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 11,755 5,805 5,950 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 10,910 5,440 5,465 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 31,670 14,360 17,305 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 9,610 4,695 4,910 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 7,125 3,455 3,670 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 5,420 2,515 2,905 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 4,155 1,800 2,360 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 5,360 1,900 3,460 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 3,055 1,215 1,840 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 1,710 540 1,165 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 520 125 395 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 75 10 60 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.3 20.1 18.5 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 61.6 62.3 60.9 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.1 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 39.9 42.0 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 40.6 39.3 41.8 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 50,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 20,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 157,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 133,695 65,295 68,405 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 80,850 40,615 40,235 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 68,025 34,195 33,830 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 12,825 6,415 6,405 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 52,845 24,685 28,165 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 32,885 18,175 14,710 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 2,895 1,330 1,565 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 6,990 3,160 3,825 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 10,085 2,020 8,070 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 45,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 45,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 38,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 32,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 38,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 21,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 17,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,460 14,195 14,265 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 43,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 22,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 20,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 163,045 80,780 82,260 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 153,925 76,515 77,410 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 70 35 35 1,485 680 800
English and French 7,520 3,500 4,020 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 1,525 735 795 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 163,045 80,780 82,265 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 158,770 78,655 80,115 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 2,595 1,325 1,265 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 215 110 110 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 1,465 695 770 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,700 1,385 1,320 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.7 1.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 163,045 80,785 82,265 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 160,845 79,690 81,160 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 138,630 68,695 69,940 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 135,735 67,235 68,495 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 2,900 1,450 1,445 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 22,210 10,995 11,220 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 2,125 1,005 1,120 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 1,535 720 810 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 470 210 260 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 40 15 30 745 305 440
Woods Cree 5 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 420 195 225 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,065 510 555 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,055 505 550 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 15 5 10 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 35 20 20 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 545 260 285 630 305 330
Dakota 540 260 280 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,085 9,990 10,095 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 255 195 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 5 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 1,750 875 875
Bilen 20 15 10 155 85 70
Oromo 5 5 5 345 175 170
Somali 0 5 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 410 230 185 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 225 120 105 1,770 885 885
Arabic 125 75 55 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 5 545 320 225
Maltese 0 0 0 40 20 25
Tigrigna 60 35 25 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 280 135 145
Vietnamese 60 25 30 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,310 1,200 1,110 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 20 10 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 175 90 85 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 0 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 10 10 10 390 170 220
Ilocano 45 20 25 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 10 0 5 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,990 1,045 945 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 70 85
Creole languages 115 60 60 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 95 50 45 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 135 75 60 1,565 825 735
Kannada 0 0 0 95 50 40
Malayalam 100 55 50 790 410 380
Tamil 20 15 10 480 255 230
Telugu 15 5 5 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 14,700 7,240 7,455 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 0 0 0 350 170 180
Armenian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 4,030 1,840 2,190 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 20 10 10 165 65 95
Latvian 10 5 10 80 35 45
Lithuanian 5 5 5 85 35 45
Slavic languages 4,015 1,835 2,180 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 10 0 5 575 285 290
Bulgarian 5 5 0 140 70 65
Croatian 20 10 10 1,030 505 530
Czech 65 30 30 615 310 310
Macedonian 5 5 0 145 70 75
Polish 235 100 135 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 390 190 205 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 10 5 0 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 240 110 130
Slovak 10 10 5 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 270 130 140
Ukrainian 3,255 1,480 1,770 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 25 10 10 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 50 25 20
Welsh 20 10 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 6,925 3,455 3,470 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 155 80 80 420 220 205
Danish 45 20 20 280 145 135
Dutch 300 145 160 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 5 5 55 30 25
German 6,240 3,130 3,110 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 20 5 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 25 10 10 115 45 65
Swedish 10 5 0 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 45 70 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 0 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 35 25 15 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 1,155 640 510 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,115 625 490 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 25 20 10 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 610 345 270 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 75 50 30 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 35 20 15
Marathi 5 5 5 135 80 50
Nepali 5 5 0 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 235 125 110 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 670 345 320
Urdu 130 70 65 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 40 15 25 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 5 0 5 415 210 200
Pashto 10 5 5 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 2,520 1,260 1,260 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 60 30 25 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 60 25 40 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 45 15 25 645 310 335
Spanish 2,360 1,190 1,170 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Japanese 15 5 15 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 240 115 125 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 160 85 75 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 0 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 5 5 0 280 155 130
Lingala 0 0 0 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 250 125 120
Shona 0 0 0 110 50 60
Swahili 10 5 5 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 100 50 55 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 395 215 180
Dinka 5 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 30 15 15 440 230 210
American Sign Language 15 10 10 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,750 875 875 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 1,745 870 870 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 415 205 205 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 0 0 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 1,175 595 585 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 65 75 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 575 295 285
Burmese 0 0 5 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 0 5 875 445 430
Thai 10 0 10 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 15 5 10 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 30 20 15
Turkish 10 5 5 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 70 30 40 1,440 655 790
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 20 5 15 225 85 135
Hungarian 50 25 25 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 155 85 70
Multiple responses 2,200 1,095 1,110 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 335 175 155 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 1,785 875 915 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 35 25 20 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 163,045 80,780 82,265 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 159,065 78,810 80,250 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 147,465 72,900 74,565 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 146,670 72,455 74,215 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 790 440 350 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 11,605 5,915 5,690 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 505 265 240 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 480 245 235 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 165 85 85 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 150 75 70 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 315 165 150 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 310 160 150 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 20 5 35 25 10
Dakota 20 15 5 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,100 5,650 5,450 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 315 165 150 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 1,185 550 630
Bilen 20 10 10 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 290 150 140 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 165 85 80 1,045 520 525
Arabic 80 35 40 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 45 30 15 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 35 15 25 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,295 720 580 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 85 50 40 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 5 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 20 15 5 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,165 645 515 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 30 15 15
Creole languages 85 40 50 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 75 35 40 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 80 40 40 800 400 400
Kannada 0 5 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 60 30 30 405 195 205
Tamil 5 0 5 240 120 120
Telugu 15 10 5 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,445 3,740 3,705 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 0 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 880 435 445 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 0 5 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 875 435 440 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Croatian 10 5 5 320 145 180
Czech 5 0 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 5 0 5 85 35 45
Polish 35 15 15 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 240 115 125 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 0 0 0 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 90 40 50
Slovak 0 0 0 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 585 285 295 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 3,830 1,910 1,925 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 85 40 45 200 100 100
Danish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 45 25 20 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 3,680 1,835 1,845 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 10 10 5 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 845 455 390 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 825 450 375 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 10 5 5 690 390 305
Gujarati 490 270 220 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 45 30 20 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 40 25 20
Nepali 5 0 0 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 90 75 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 10 360 190 170
Urdu 95 50 50 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 20 10 10 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 5 0 5 275 135 140
Pashto 5 0 0 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 10 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,870 930 940 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 10 5 10 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 5 5 0 235 110 125
Spanish 1,845 915 930 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 185 90 95 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 40 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 10 5 5 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 35 15 20 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 40 20 15 560 310 255
American Sign Language 15 5 5 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 10 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,510 770 740 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 1,510 775 735 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 345 175 175 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 1,050 540 510 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 55 45 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 535 250 280
Lao 5 5 5 430 210 220
Thai 5 0 0 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 5 0 0 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 10 5 5 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 10 5 5 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 3,975 1,970 2,010 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 185 95 85 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 3,725 1,830 1,895 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 15 10 5 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 60 35 25 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 163,045 80,780 82,265 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 150,330 74,550 75,785 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 5,450 2,790 2,660 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 1,425 645 780 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 5,675 2,710 2,960 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 1,325 615 710 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 4,345 2,095 2,245 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 30 15 15 305 150 150
English and non-official language 80 45 40 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 50 25 30 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 127,270 62,620 64,650 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 123,010 60,515 62,495 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,374 40,022 28,228 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 123,030 60,520 62,510 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,881 34,885 25,822 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 112,340 56,385 55,960 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,596 38,096 24,483 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 91,115 40,580 50,535 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,159 4,874 6,738 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,135 49,140 44,990 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,126 37,495 25,783 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 127,385 62,725 64,660 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 123,175 60,695 62,480 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,671 48,149 35,378 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 123,205 60,700 62,505 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,384 38,774 30,121 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 112,280 56,380 55,900 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,324 46,548 32,038 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,205 40,705 50,500 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,867 7,324 8,304 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,225 49,205 45,015 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,964 44,996 32,370 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 127,390 62,725 64,660 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 44,980 26,640 18,340 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,964 50,312 41,229 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,838 57,554 48,440 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.0 89.9 80.8 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 75.6 65.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.0 10.1 19.2 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 127,270 62,620 64,650 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 4,255 2,105 2,155 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 123,015 60,520 62,495 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.6 96.7 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,715 7,015 8,695 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 21,240 8,355 12,885 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 18,870 7,435 11,435 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 16,610 7,425 9,180 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 14,645 7,460 7,190 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 10,090 5,840 4,245 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 7,630 4,845 2,785 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 5,475 3,440 2,035 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 4,025 2,460 1,565 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,530 1,660 870 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 6,175 4,575 1,595 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 4,600 3,360 1,240 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 1,570 1,215 360 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 127,270 62,620 64,645 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 4,240 2,100 2,140 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 123,030 60,520 62,505 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.6 96.7 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,245 7,175 9,070 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 22,815 9,045 13,770 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 22,705 9,200 13,510 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 20,725 9,975 10,755 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 15,040 8,535 6,505 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 9,905 6,280 3,625 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 6,680 4,090 2,590 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 3,640 2,360 1,285 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 5,280 3,870 1,410 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 1,985 1,415 575 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 1,155 850 305 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 2,135 1,605 530 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 127,270 62,620 64,650 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 33,140 13,480 19,655 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 94,135 49,145 44,990 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 74.0 78.5 69.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,510 6,560 6,950 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 7,800 3,360 4,440 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 12,740 5,650 7,090 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 11,635 4,935 6,700 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 11,705 5,540 6,165 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 10,170 5,490 4,675 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 6,985 4,230 2,755 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 5,440 3,620 1,825 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 4,285 2,740 1,545 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 9,855 7,015 2,845 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 3,180 1,970 1,210 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,365 630 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 4,680 3,680 1,000 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 46,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,984  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,214  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 67,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,212  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,439  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 47,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 16,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 67,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 45,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,664  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,331  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,711  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 45,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,403  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,100 12,485 12,610 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,877 35,265 27,511 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,879 30,910 25,587 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,980 12,390 12,590 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,194 43,044 35,406 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,698 34,774 30,656 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 157,845 78,360 79,485 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 92,935 44,735 48,200 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 19,815 9,575 10,240 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 19,855 8,890 10,965 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 18,325 8,875 9,450 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 17,620 8,670 8,945 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 17,325 8,730 8,595 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 64,915 33,625 31,285 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 16,265 8,410 7,855 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 15,470 8,045 7,430 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 14,060 7,195 6,870 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 11,415 5,965 5,450 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 7,705 4,010 3,690 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 149,925 74,465 75,455 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 33,140 17,030 16,110 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 11,245 5,860 5,385 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 88,885 44,355 44,530 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 27,900 13,085 14,815 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,925 11,560 13,365 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 7,250 3,730 3,520 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 2,755 1,425 1,330 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 12,285 5,720 6,570 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 5,385 2,110 3,280 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.6 15.5 17.7 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 24.5 24.3 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.9 14.8 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 19.3 16.1 22.1 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,330 4,570 4,765 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 2,630 1,335 1,295 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 1,005 510 500 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 6,165 2,980 3,180 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 540 250 285 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.1 6.3 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.9 7.8 8.0 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 8.7 9.3 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 6.9 6.7 7.1 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.9 1.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 157,965 78,400 79,565 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 156,635 77,755 78,880 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 156,565 77,725 78,845 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 7,535 3,590 3,950 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 22,625 11,165 11,460 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 3,055 1,405 1,650 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 2,330 1,055 1,270 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 795 340 455 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 15 0 15 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 75 40 35 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 695 295 395 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,595 750 845 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 1,575 745 830 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 20 0 20 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 630 290 340 760 365 395
Dakota 630 285 340 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,580 9,765 9,820 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 540 310 230 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 10 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 50 30 20 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 45 25 20 210 120 85
Oromo 10 10 0 535 275 260
Somali 0 0 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 495 285 210 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 280 175 105 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 175 85 90 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 20 15 10 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 0 0 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 85 50 35 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 25 40 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 10 335 185 150
Vietnamese 55 25 35 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,905 1,400 1,500 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 265 130 135 1,615 805 810
Fijian 20 0 20 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 25 15 15 425 180 245
Ilocano 30 10 20 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 35 15 20 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,800 1,360 1,435 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 80 120
Creole languages 235 115 115 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 170 85 85 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 225 155 65 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 0 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 160 105 50 830 400 430
Tamil 50 35 15 655 330 325
Telugu 15 15 0 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 13,055 6,510 6,545 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 0 0 0 390 195 195
Armenian 10 10 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 4,425 2,105 2,320 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 25 0 20 230 90 140
Latvian 20 0 20 115 45 70
Lithuanian 0 0 0 120 50 65
Slavic languages 4,410 2,105 2,305 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 15 10 10 835 405 430
Bulgarian 0 0 0 155 95 60
Croatian 50 25 25 1,595 765 825
Czech 80 40 35 735 335 395
Macedonian 10 10 0 140 75 60
Polish 205 100 100 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 665 330 340 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 0 10 0 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 190 75 115
Slovak 15 15 0 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 275 100 175
Ukrainian 3,630 1,720 1,915 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 85 40 40 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 90 65 25
Welsh 45 20 30 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 3,940 2,015 1,920 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 230 100 135 715 330 385
Danish 25 10 15 270 120 150
Dutch 370 175 190 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 10 0 0 90 65 30
German 3,185 1,665 1,520 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 20 10 15 560 225 335
Norwegian 35 15 15 290 115 175
Swedish 25 15 10 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 55 60 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 50 25 25 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 1,440 800 640 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,395 775 620 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 45 25 20 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 660 360 295 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 700 390 305 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 25 20 10 275 170 105
Nepali 0 0 0 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 305 180 130 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 10 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 20 0 920 500 420
Urdu 220 105 115 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 50 25 25 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 0 0 0 600 295 305
Pashto 25 15 0 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 30 15 15 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 3,445 1,700 1,750 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 130 50 75 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 120 70 50 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 70 25 40 785 395 390
Spanish 3,180 1,580 1,605 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 45 30 15 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 210 105 105 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 10 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 290 180 115 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 30 25 10 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 35 20 15 230 110 120
Igbo 20 15 10 665 345 325
Lingala 0 0 0 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 305 155 155
Shona 10 0 10 250 110 140
Swahili 45 25 20 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 140 80 65 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 235 85 155 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 145 45 100 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 60 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,925 965 955 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 1,925 965 955 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 435 215 225 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 10 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 1,400 700 700 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 25 15 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 0 15 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 205 110 100 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 40 30 15 1,565 730 835
Lao 15 0 10 1,120 520 600
Thai 35 20 10 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 0 15 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 10 0 10 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 10 10 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 45 15 30
Uralic languages 70 30 45 1,550 730 815
Estonian 0 0 0 45 20 25
Finnish 25 0 20 265 105 160
Hungarian 45 25 25 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 157,970 78,400 79,570 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 148,310 73,555 74,750 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 34,510 17,750 16,770 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 113,800 55,810 57,985 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,660 4,845 4,815 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 157,965 78,400 79,570 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 142,620 70,750 71,870 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 14,080 6,915 7,165 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 2,140 925 1,210 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 675 355 320 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 1,135 535 600 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 5,235 2,775 2,465 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 1,185 680 505 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 4,055 2,090 1,960 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,895 2,330 2,565 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,265 730 530 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 14,080 6,915 7,165 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 1,460 710 745 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 2,895 1,400 1,495 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 2,290 1,085 1,200 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 6,465 3,205 3,255 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 970 510 465 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,085 6,915 7,165 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 3,140 1,450 1,685 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 0 0 0 435 170 265
Colombia 440 240 200 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 925 490 435 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 10 0 10 1,135 515 620
Haiti 10 0 0 155 75 80
Jamaica 45 15 30 1,810 835 970
Mexico 165 65 95 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 10 0 10 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 45 25 20 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 780 300 480 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 710 310 405 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 4,335 2,145 2,190 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 15 10 1,055 530 525
Croatia 10 10 0 975 445 535
France 70 20 50 795 425 365
Germany 770 440 325 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 15 15 0 820 445 375
Hungary 20 15 0 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 45 40 650 310 340
Italy 45 10 35 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 285 125 160 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 155 70 90 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 15 10 15 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 45 15 30 720 345 375
Russian Federation 195 95 100 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 355 175 175
Ukraine 450 210 240 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,825 905 925 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 320 150 170 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 1,055 605 450 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 0 0 0 115 60 55
Egypt 30 10 20 980 525 455
Ethiopia 195 120 75 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 25 25 0 935 470 465
Morocco 0 0 0 250 140 110
Nigeria 155 85 70 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 195 95 100 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 455 265 190 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 5,525 2,700 2,830 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 0 0 0 615 285 330
Bangladesh 20 15 10 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,475 735 740 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 20 0 1,460 715 735
India 990 560 435 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 25