Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary Zone
Alberta
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Calgary Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta  Map : Calgary Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,551,876 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,360,838 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 608,001 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 576,935 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 40.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 38,752.66 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,551,875 774,930 776,940 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 292,145 149,890 142,260 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 98,340 50,460 47,875 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 102,710 52,905 49,810 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 91,095 46,520 44,570 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,082,915 543,070 539,845 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 89,400 46,000 43,395 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 95,310 48,430 46,880 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 118,020 58,560 59,460 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 131,605 65,465 66,150 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 123,735 61,310 62,430 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 116,365 58,280 58,080 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 109,820 55,465 54,355 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 109,750 54,880 54,870 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 104,625 52,345 52,275 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 84,290 42,335 41,955 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 176,810 81,975 94,835 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 63,875 31,465 32,405 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 41,245 19,965 21,285 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 28,880 13,275 15,605 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 21,340 9,425 11,915 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 21,470 7,845 13,625 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 13,805 5,510 8,290 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,885 1,905 3,980 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,585 400 1,185 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 195 25 170 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.3 18.3 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.1 69.5 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 11.4 10.6 12.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.6 37.1 38.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.9 36.5 37.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 576,935 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 344,080 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,015 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 195,240 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 36,870 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 53,080 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,995 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 81,900 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 400 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,600 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 576,935 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 133,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 191,300 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 96,400 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 94,885 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 60,535 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,525,655 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,259,730 625,045 634,685 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 759,935 381,020 378,920 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 645,175 323,500 321,675 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 114,760 57,515 57,245 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 499,795 244,030 255,765 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 350,250 192,060 158,190 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 27,665 12,145 15,520 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 75,095 29,810 45,280 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 46,785 10,010 36,770 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 426,565 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 198,715 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 93,505 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 94,065 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 40,280 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 426,565 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 368,630 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 311,260 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 57,370 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 57,935 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 44,760 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 13,175 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 368,635 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 163,375 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 205,260 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 76,830 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 89,690 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 38,730 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 57,935 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 35,335 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 16,675 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 5,925 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 256,080 131,290 124,790 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 576,935 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 394,310 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 150,240 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 244,075 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,530 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 167,095 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 133,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 33,285 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,539,330 768,960 770,370 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,395,420 703,885 691,545 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,330 595 735 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 111,740 51,800 59,935 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 30,840 12,685 18,155 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,539,330 768,965 770,370 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,477,060 740,375 736,685 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 24,090 12,275 11,815 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 8,000 3,950 4,045 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 30,180 12,360 17,825 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 28,090 14,255 13,840 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,539,330 768,965 770,365 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,497,270 748,475 748,795 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,095,040 554,265 540,775 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 1,071,510 542,275 529,235 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 23,530 11,990 11,540 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 402,230 194,215 208,020 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 4,230 1,955 2,280 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 1,340 595 745 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 980 450 530 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 280 120 160 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 55 20 35 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 10 0 10 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 200 90 110 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 15 50 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 60 15 45 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 115 40 75 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 110 35 75 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 25 5 15 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 5 5 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 65 20 45 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 25 5 15 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 15 5 10 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 5 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 2,710 1,295 1,415 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 180 85 95 1,215 570 635
Stoney 2,525 1,205 1,320 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 15 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 397,995 192,255 205,740 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,875 15,690 14,185 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 145 80 65 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 65 35 35 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 2,480 1,235 1,245 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 50 30 20 805 455 350
Oromo 950 495 460 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,465 710 760 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 27,205 14,345 12,860 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 4,105 1,990 2,120 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 19,115 10,270 8,840 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 290 160 135 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 85 40 45 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 75 45 35 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 515 255 255 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 35 15 20 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 2,765 1,465 1,300 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,545 6,795 7,750 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 920 435 480 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 13,620 6,355 7,270 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 50,880 22,080 28,800 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 235 110 130 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 2,120 905 1,220 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 45 30 20 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 725 290 435 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 2,660 1,160 1,500 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 25 5 15 1,430 665 760
Malay 815 350 465 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 285 140 140 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 130 55 75 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 43,195 18,755 24,440 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 155 70 85 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 490 205 290 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 650 330 320 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 25 15 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 430 215 215 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 190 100 90 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 5,330 2,780 2,550 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 290 145 145 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 2,155 1,110 1,045 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 1,885 1,000 885 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 975 515 455 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 90 50 45 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 198,305 98,260 100,050 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,375 730 645 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 260 130 125 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 32,740 15,325 17,420 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 555 260 290 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 200 95 100 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 355 165 190 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 32,190 15,065 17,125 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 20 15 10 810 385 430
Bosnian 870 435 435 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 960 485 465 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 2,170 1,070 1,095 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 1,695 795 900 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 165 80 85 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 8,540 4,020 4,520 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 9,815 4,420 5,395 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,905 950 955 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 540 265 280 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 1,240 615 635 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 125 165 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,895 1,745 2,155 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 150 75 70 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 55 25 30 1,090 540 550
Welsh 70 40 35 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 25,450 12,370 13,080 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 1,150 555 595 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 1,030 540 490 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 4,875 2,430 2,445 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 60 25 30 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 17,415 8,400 9,015 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 70 40 35 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 285 120 165 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 340 155 185 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 65 65 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 80 40 45 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 525 280 240
Greek 1,645 830 815 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 92,415 46,830 45,590 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 79,310 40,000 39,315 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 4,160 2,130 2,035 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5,645 2,840 2,800 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 7,505 3,825 3,685 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 85 45 40 565 300 265
Konkani 185 95 90 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 865 440 420 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,970 1,040 930 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 105 50 45 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,060 19,655 19,405 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,750 825 925 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 975 480 500 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 17,005 8,570 8,435 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 12,150 6,330 5,825 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 750 400 355 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,650 845 805 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 9,750 5,080 4,670 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 960 505 460 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 44,265 21,965 22,305 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 45 15 25 865 440 425
Italian 5,625 2,890 2,735 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 3,815 1,820 1,995 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 4,860 2,485 2,375 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 29,910 14,740 15,160 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 3,070 1,080 1,985 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 135 75 60 1,715 910 805
Georgian 130 75 55 1,715 910 805
Korean 9,590 4,455 5,130 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 450 210 235 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 450 215 240 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 5,970 3,065 2,910 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 705 370 335 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 15 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 105 65 40 1,670 770 900
Ewe 60 35 25 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 65 35 30 920 445 470
Ganda 45 15 25 1,295 625 665
Igbo 715 380 335 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 85 40 45 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 150 75 75 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 60 65 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 320 155 165 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 805 390 415 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 120 65 55 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 1,445 760 685 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,130 555 575 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,520 750 770 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 730 370 365 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 785 385 405 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 275 155 120 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 105 55 45 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 100 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 69,685 32,790 36,900 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 68,440 32,170 36,270 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 34,405 16,175 18,235 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 350 155 190 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 28,925 13,630 15,300 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 45 20 25 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,725 765 955 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 380 180 200 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,595 1,245 1,350 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,250 625 630 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 270 135 130 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 280 135 145 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 545 280 270 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,150 410 745 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 490 225 265 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 660 185 465 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,800 990 805 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 245 135 110 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,275 720 555 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 60 30 30 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 75 40 35 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 4,350 2,095 2,250 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 105 50 55 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 360 140 220 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,880 1,900 1,975 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 335 200 135 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 42,065 20,485 21,580 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,915 1,865 2,050 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 36,240 17,705 18,535 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,085 565 525 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 820 355 470 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,539,330 768,960 770,370 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,449,300 724,985 724,320 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,218,775 612,395 606,385 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,209,095 607,460 601,635 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 9,680 4,925 4,750 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 230,530 112,595 117,940 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 2,300 1,115 1,185 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 395 200 190 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 305 155 145 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 45 35 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 10 10 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 35 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 5 370 170 200
Ojibway 10 0 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 10 0 10 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 5 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 1,870 900 975 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 135 65 65 255 140 120
Stoney 1,735 825 905 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 228,230 111,475 116,750 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,370 9,385 8,990 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 65 35 25 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 30 15 15 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,650 805 850 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 50 25 25 620 330 285
Oromo 710 350 355 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 890 425 460 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 16,640 8,535 8,105 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 2,745 1,315 1,420 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 11,100 5,740 5,355 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 100 100 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 75 40 35 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 50 25 25 735 335 400
Hebrew 260 135 130 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 2,055 1,095 960 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,430 4,430 5,000 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 225 235 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 8,970 4,210 4,760 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 27,085 12,705 14,385 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 50 25 25 290 140 155
Cebuano 900 430 475 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 20 10 10 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 215 100 120 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,065 505 565 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 15 5 10 435 220 210
Malay 235 130 105 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 10 10 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,305 11,385 12,920 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 55 30 30 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 65 90 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 290 145 140 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 220 115 110 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,225 1,635 1,585 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 120 60 55 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,310 665 645 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,205 605 600 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 575 300 275 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 107,855 53,615 54,245 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 620 335 285 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 110 55 55 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 14,270 6,980 7,290 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 245 130 110 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 85 45 35 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 160 85 75 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 14,025 6,845 7,175 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 0 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 395 200 195 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 485 245 240 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 750 370 380 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 520 255 265 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 80 40 45 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,395 1,645 1,750 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 5,910 2,860 3,050 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 960 470 495 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 180 90 90 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 480 235 245 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 815 405 410 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 670 310 360
Celtic languages 15 15 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 6,240 2,955 3,280 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 615 290 325 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 90 45 50 855 410 445
Dutch 615 295 320 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 5 185 95 90
German 4,765 2,260 2,505 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 10 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 25 10 15 345 145 200
Swedish 60 30 30 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,625 820 810
Greek 515 240 275 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 62,110 31,150 30,965 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 53,610 26,865 26,745 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 2,760 1,380 1,375 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,155 1,575 1,575 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 4,175 2,145 2,030 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 50 25 25 135 70 70
Konkani 35 20 15 720 355 370
Marathi 450 230 215 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,360 700 660 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 50 30 25 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 29,230 14,625 14,600 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 745 330 415 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 505 255 255 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 11,105 5,550 5,555 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 8,000 4,030 3,970 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 460 235 225 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 1,055 535 520 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 6,480 3,255 3,225 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 505 260 245 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 23,970 11,885 12,085 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 20 10 10 355 165 190
Italian 1,310 585 725 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,800 870 930 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 2,490 1,295 1,200 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 18,350 9,130 9,220 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 1,515 650 865 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 85 45 35 1,040 565 475
Georgian 80 45 35 1,035 565 475
Korean 6,800 3,240 3,550 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 280 135 145 910 440 470
Mongolian 280 135 145 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,845 890 955 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 330 170 165 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 5 0 340 180 160
Edo 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ewe 15 10 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 20 825 400 425
Ga 20 15 15 250 105 140
Ganda 0 5 0 345 160 185
Igbo 135 65 75 1,000 485 510
Lingala 25 5 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 100 45 55 1,035 475 560
Swahili 350 160 190 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 65 35 30 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 350 170 180 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 140 145 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 920 440 475 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 445 220 230 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 470 225 245 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 360 210 150 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 95 45 50 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 265 160 105 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,130 22,430 24,695 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 46,250 21,995 24,260 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 22,335 10,420 11,910 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 100 35 60 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 21,260 10,305 10,955 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 10 5 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 680 295 385 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 110 105 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,665 825 835 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 175 90 90 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 235 110 125 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 400 210 190 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 430 185 245 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 195 85 110 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 230 100 130 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,010 525 480 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 110 55 50 1,245 640 610
Turkish 755 405 360 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 40 20 20 610 315 290
Uzbek 50 25 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,430 705 725 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 20 5 15 975 365 610
Finnish 55 30 25 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,355 670 690 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 40 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 90,025 43,980 46,045 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,640 1,305 1,340 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 85,655 41,845 43,810 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 405 195 205 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,325 630 690 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,539,330 768,965 770,370 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,299,740 652,995 646,745 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 102,760 51,130 51,635 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 15,610 7,105 8,510 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 116,970 55,625 61,345 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 2,145 945 1,195 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 114,830 54,680 60,145 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 700 355 345 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,215 1,130 1,085 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,290 610 685 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,235,385 614,090 621,290 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,174,035 583,820 590,220 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,595 53,797 35,192 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,174,300 583,890 590,410 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,716 46,328 32,055 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,099,770 559,555 540,215 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,280 53,470 34,344 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 671,945 264,315 407,635 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,251 2,467 3,559 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 955,335 497,215 458,120 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,329 52,925 35,129 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,235,105 613,965 621,145 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,174,290 583,730 590,555 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,678 87,675 49,902 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,174,520 583,805 590,715 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,567 67,834 41,456 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,099,830 559,560 540,270 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,299 88,328 49,591 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 672,190 264,165 408,030 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,591 6,638 6,561 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 955,135 496,950 458,180 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,668 80,703 47,276 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,235,100 613,960 621,145 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 448,885 257,500 191,385 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,830 73,955 56,939 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 90,010 105,237 69,523 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 78.3 73.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 9.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,235,385 614,095 621,290 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 61,350 30,275 31,075 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,174,035 583,820 590,220 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,530 59,725 93,800 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 144,960 57,470 87,495 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 133,180 53,500 79,675 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 114,450 50,695 63,760 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 109,120 51,675 57,450 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 94,215 47,295 46,920 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 77,655 41,685 35,970 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 62,620 35,675 26,945 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 50,530 29,650 20,880 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 43,030 25,025 18,010 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 190,740 131,425 59,320 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 105,535 67,575 37,965 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 85,205 63,850 21,355 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,235,385 614,090 621,295 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 61,085 30,200 30,885 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,174,300 583,890 590,410 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 157,555 60,975 96,575 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 151,415 60,310 91,105 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 153,975 62,715 91,260 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 142,595 65,785 76,815 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 132,290 65,585 66,705 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 104,060 55,805 48,255 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 78,985 45,445 33,535 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 60,580 35,725 24,860 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 192,850 131,550 61,295 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 45,660 27,270 18,385 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 31,420 20,110 11,310 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 115,770 84,170 31,600 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,235,385 614,090 621,290 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 280,050 116,880 163,170 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 955,335 497,215 458,120 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 77.3 81.0 73.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 104,370 47,445 56,930 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 62,165 26,390 35,780 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 104,950 44,980 59,965 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 90,200 38,305 51,895 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 86,635 39,855 46,775 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 83,980 40,310 43,670 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 74,360 37,475 36,885 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 61,830 33,995 27,835 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 51,025 29,395 21,625 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 235,815 159,060 76,760 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 42,210 25,335 16,875 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 37,380 21,845 15,535 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 156,225 111,880 44,345 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 576,935 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,706 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,170 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 133,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,864 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,291 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 443,125 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,167 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,630 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 576,860 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 139,806 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 111,102 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 133,865 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,295 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,935 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 442,995 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 160,508 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 127,470 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 576,935 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,365 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,255 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,995 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,460 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,900 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,480 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,795 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,175 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,565 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 34,640 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,045 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,200 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 33,450 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,845 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 284,605 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 69,585 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 53,675 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 69,510 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 91,840 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 576,935 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,150 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,275 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,480 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,510 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,650 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,940 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,235 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,145 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,345 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,390 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 43,330 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 43,000 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 41,925 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 39,735 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,880 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 229,950 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 72,440 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 50,790 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 106,720 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 419,120 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,767 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,384 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 147,940 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,467 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,932 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 205,295 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 136,721 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,866 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,530 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,689 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,912 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 419,075 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 161,000 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,446 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 147,780 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 153,347 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,910 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 205,400 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 187,142 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,068 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,180 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,458 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,184 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 218,220 114,315 103,905 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,157 47,474 40,647 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,807 41,061 36,279 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 217,675 114,150 103,525 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,536 66,046 54,460 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,068 52,690 45,074 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,525,650 762,895 762,755 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 556,690 270,770 285,915 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 108,930 54,040 54,885 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 97,640 45,330 52,310 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 107,125 51,360 55,765 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 115,785 56,855 58,925 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 127,215 63,185 64,030 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 968,965 492,125 476,835 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 136,725 68,495 68,225 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 148,580 74,800 73,775 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 165,005 83,625 81,380 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 198,880 100,765 98,115 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 319,775 164,435 155,340 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,516,255 758,245 758,005 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 339,710 174,300 165,410 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 116,615 59,845 56,770 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,013,890 506,795 507,100 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 162,650 77,160 85,495 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 133,550 63,855 69,695 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 40,770 20,950 19,820 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 14,400 7,375 7,025 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 79,755 37,865 41,890 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 13,030 5,040 7,985 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.8 8.4 9.2 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.0 12.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.4 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.5 8.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.0 6.5 9.3 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 117,055 57,980 59,070 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 31,560 16,240 15,320 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 11,130 5,710 5,415 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 78,585 38,885 39,700 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 6,905 2,845 4,055 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.7 7.6 7.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.7 7.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.2 3.7 4.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,525,475 762,845 762,625 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,495,020 750,075 744,940 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,493,670 749,460 744,205 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 110,940 51,330 59,605 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 505,040 245,065 259,980 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 5,680 2,610 3,060 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 2,415 1,085 1,335 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 1,770 785 985 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 565 265 295 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 135 70 60 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 65 10 55 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 340 170 170 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 115 50 65 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 100 45 55 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 10 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 205 85 125 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 85 120 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 0 10 1,150 535 610
Dene 30 10 20 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 80 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 40 10 25 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 15 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 15 10 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 20 0 15 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 10 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 3,010 1,430 1,575 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 295 150 150 1,760 870 890
Stoney 2,820 1,340 1,480 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 15 10 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 499,395 242,465 256,935 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,115 22,125 19,990 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 200 140 60 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 105 60 45 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 95 80 15 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 3,595 1,835 1,760 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 65 40 20 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,370 715 660 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 2,185 1,090 1,090 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 480 220 265
Semitic languages 38,935 20,520 18,420 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 5,820 2,955 2,865 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 28,805 15,335 13,470 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 335 165 165 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 55 65 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 95 50 45 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,625 780 850 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 40 25 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 3,600 1,950 1,655 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250 140 105 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 100 65 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 18,600 8,850 9,750 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,225 670 560 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 17,440 8,215 9,225 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 63,840 27,675 36,165 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 170 65 105 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 2,990 1,330 1,665 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 140 75 60 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,010 420 585 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 3,805 1,665 2,135 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 50 25 30 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,530 720 805 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 440 220 230 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 220 95 130 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60,445 26,020 34,425 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 230 100 130 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 590 255 335 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,850 920 930 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 95 55 40 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,120 560 560 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 645 315 330 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 7,380 3,875 3,505 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 565 285 280 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 2,630 1,390 1,240 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 3,285 1,730 1,560 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,315 695 625 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 45 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 258,230 128,265 129,960 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,760 920 835 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 300 160 135 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 38,050 18,495 19,550 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 670 320 345 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 270 145 135 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 395 180 215 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 37,630 18,300 19,330 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 80 30 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,360 730 630 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,125 595 530 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 2,845 1,420 1,425 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,955 915 1,040 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 275 150 135 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 9,900 4,755 5,145 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 14,125 6,785 7,335 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,430 1,205 1,225 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 585 320 265 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,680 915 760 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 345 170 175 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 5,075 2,305 2,770 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 545 275 275 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 205 110 90 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 140 80 65 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 32,425 16,120 16,310 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 2,165 1,145 1,025 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 1,275 615 655 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 5,960 2,955 3,005 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 80 40 40 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 22,500 11,315 11,190 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 85 45 45 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 570 225 345 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 700 340 360 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 85 70 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 175 95 80 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 120 50 65 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 2,630 1,335 1,290 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 115,305 58,585 56,715 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 102,565 51,825 50,740 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 5,110 2,570 2,540 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 8,675 4,215 4,460 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 30,150 15,465 14,685 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 65 40 25 905 490 420
Konkani 410 205 205 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,545 805 740 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 2,270 1,265 1,005 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 150 70 75 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,455 26,120 25,335 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 2,785 1,225 1,565 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,420 710 710 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 26,135 13,355 12,775 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 13,630 7,165 6,460 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 1,010 550 460 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 2,200 1,190 1,015 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 10,790 5,680 5,110 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,175 630 550 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 73,660 35,740 37,920 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 80 45 40 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 9,980 4,915 5,070 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 5,580 2,755 2,820 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 6,080 3,160 2,920 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 54,625 26,265 28,355 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 5,255 2,320 2,935 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 140 90 50 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 140 90 50 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 10,655 4,980 5,680 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 655 310 350 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 660 305 350 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 12,235 6,165 6,070 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,150 610 545 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 20 10 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 240 145 90 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 75 35 40 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 80 55 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 115 60 50 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 75 35 45 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 1,495 790 710 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 430 230 195 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 90 75 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 65 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 510 230 280 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,445 1,200 1,240 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 325 195 135 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 3,540 1,785 1,750 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,270 1,090 1,180 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,700 780 915 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 785 380 405 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 920 405 515 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,840 780 1,060 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 985 390 600 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 870 405 465 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 80,820 38,530 42,285 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 79,315 37,800 41,520 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 43,275 20,445 22,830 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 435 190 245 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 39,720 18,715 21,005 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 60 35 25 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,430 1,025 1,405 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 245 325 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,185 1,570 1,615 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,530 735 795 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 345 160 185 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 290 145 145 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 800 405 400 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 160 60 100 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,565 650 915 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 655 310 350 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 1,005 385 620 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,605 1,400 1,210 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 350 175 180 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,735 1,000 735 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 130 65 70 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 245 110 135 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 200 95 110 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 5,140 2,450 2,685 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 115 55 70 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 385 170 210 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 4,630 2,220 2,405 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 820 460 360 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,525,475 762,850 762,625 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,362,330 683,980 678,350 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 316,045 162,190 153,855 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,046,285 521,790 524,495 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 163,140 78,870 84,280 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,525,475 762,845 762,625 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,074,485 543,480 531,010 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 421,680 204,645 217,035 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 75,180 37,505 37,670 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 42,450 20,205 22,245 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 70,665 33,825 36,840 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 136,315 66,130 70,185 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 60,850 29,685 31,165 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 75,460 36,445 39,015 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 97,075 46,975 50,100 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 29,310 14,725 14,585 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 421,680 204,645 217,035 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 39,340 20,045 19,295 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 72,290 37,480 34,810 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 82,575 37,975 44,595 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 188,790 90,790 98,000 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 38,690 18,360 20,330 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 421,680 204,645 217,035 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 47,260 22,380 24,880 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,495 680 810 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 5,895 2,780 3,110 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,510 1,265 1,250 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 900 455 440 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 540 285 255 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 3,165 1,425 1,740 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 5,005 2,430 2,570 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,130 475 650 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,500 730 775 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,855 6,285 7,570 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 11,270 5,560 5,705 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 89,560 45,000 44,560 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,110 1,085 1,025 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,355 705 650 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,405 710 695 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 7,410 3,520 3,890 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 1,000 535 465 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 2,085 1,045 1,040 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,860 980 875 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 3,980 2,150 1,830 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 4,125 2,220 1,905 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 7,070 3,335 3,730 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,230 570 660 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 4,655 2,330 2,320 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 4,120 1,765 2,355 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,165 595 570 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,055 1,420 1,635 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 30,685 15,750 14,935 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 12,255 6,280 5,970 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 41,580 21,275 20,310 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 780 420 355 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,970 1,585 1,385 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 5,250 2,595 2,655 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 2,765 1,345 1,425 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 710 375 335 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 7,770 4,030 3,740 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,355 645 705 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 3,305 1,705 1,600 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 16,675 8,565 8,105 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 238,925 113,805 125,115 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 3,285 1,765 1,525 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 3,175 1,635 1,540 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 35,170 16,210 18,960 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 11,195 5,430 5,760 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 47,405 23,810 23,600 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 5,815 3,005 2,800 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 3,655 1,955 1,695 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 2,000 575 1,420 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 7,550 3,545 4,015 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 4,400 2,340 2,060 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 17,805 9,265 8,540 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 55,765 24,335 31,435 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 2,050 1,050 995 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,210 1,155 1,055 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 2,280 960 1,320 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 15,760 7,330 8,430 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 19,415 9,450 9,965 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 4,355 2,180 2,170 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 97,075 46,975 50,095 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 9,830 4,885 4,950 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 550 250 295 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 1,305 615 690 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 130 55 70 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 150 95 55 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 500 255 250 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 2,085 1,100 985 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,250 1,065 1,190 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,135 555 580 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 1,720 890 835 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 10,425 5,365 5,060 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 290 170 120 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 525 250 275 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 630 395 240 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data foo