Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Central Zone
Alberta
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Central Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta  Map : Central Zone [Health region, December 2017], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 461,553 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 433,566 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 199,530 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 178,185 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 92,104.19 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 461,555 231,520 230,035 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 89,680 46,230 43,450 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 29,570 15,325 14,245 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 31,180 15,965 15,210 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 28,935 14,935 13,995 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 302,160 152,770 149,390 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 28,495 14,740 13,755 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 27,150 13,980 13,165 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 30,230 15,475 14,750 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 32,720 16,525 16,200 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 30,475 15,470 15,000 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 28,605 14,665 13,945 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 28,645 14,260 14,385 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 33,165 16,310 16,855 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 33,885 16,970 16,915 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 28,800 14,375 14,425 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 69,715 32,525 37,195 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 22,885 11,280 11,600 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 16,475 7,995 8,475 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 12,115 5,725 6,395 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 8,880 4,090 4,790 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 9,360 3,430 5,930 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 5,800 2,380 3,420 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 2,745 850 1,900 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 705 170 535 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 105 25 75 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.4 20.0 18.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.5 66.0 64.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.1 14.0 16.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.3 38.5 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.7 37.8 39.6 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 178,185 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 126,255 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 715 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 38,330 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,065 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 8,740 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,205 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,970 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 355 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 12,890 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 178,185 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 44,390 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 67,670 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 25,440 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 23,870 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,815 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 445,630 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 371,875 185,290 186,585 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 228,120 114,270 113,845 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 189,905 95,200 94,705 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 38,210 19,075 19,135 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 143,760 71,020 72,740 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 90,150 51,720 38,425 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 9,275 4,180 5,095 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 23,525 10,555 12,970 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 20,810 4,560 16,250 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 128,730 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 68,625 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 24,125 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 22,690 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,300 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 128,735 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 110,680 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 91,580 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,095 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,055 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 13,725 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 4,330 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 110,675 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 57,860 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 52,815 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 19,170 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 21,030 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 12,620 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,055 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 10,765 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 4,950 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 2,340 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 72,850 38,380 34,465 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 178,185 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,140 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 55,825 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 67,315 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,725 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 52,315 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 44,395 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,925 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 454,755 228,170 226,585 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 435,450 219,310 216,145 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 185 80 100 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 17,165 7,810 9,355 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,955 970 985 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 454,755 228,170 226,585 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 447,685 224,555 223,125 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 4,765 2,485 2,275 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 440 210 230 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,865 915 945 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,985 2,590 2,395 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.1 1.1 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 454,755 228,170 226,580 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 449,300 225,530 223,770 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 405,220 203,980 201,245 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 399,900 201,225 198,675 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 5,325 2,755 2,565 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 44,080 21,550 22,530 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 2,720 1,295 1,430 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 2,500 1,185 1,315 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 15 5 10 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,205 1,040 1,165 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 135 65 65 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 25 5 15 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 2,035 965 1,075 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 280 140 140 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 275 140 140 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 35 5 25 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 10 25 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 5 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 5 660 295 360
Dene 20 5 15 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 5 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 5 0 5 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 5 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 170 90 75 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 30 15 10 1,215 570 635
Stoney 140 75 65 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 5 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,350 20,255 21,095 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,145 645 500 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 0 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 5 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 80 45 30 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 15 10 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 65 35 25 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 1,060 595 460 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 35 15 20 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 905 510 395 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 10 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 85 45 40 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 435 215 225 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 45 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 355 175 185 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 8,830 3,885 4,950 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 40 20 20 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 375 140 235 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 10 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 90 35 55 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 395 170 225 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 45 15 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 40 35 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 30 10 20 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,675 3,390 4,280 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 25 15 15 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 75 30 40 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 15 5 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 20 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 435 225 210 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 10 5 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 255 130 130 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 115 65 50 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 55 30 25 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 26,740 13,480 13,265 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 20 10 5 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 55 30 25 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 5,095 2,490 2,610 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 50 30 20 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 30 15 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 20 15 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 5,045 2,460 2,590 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 95 45 50 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 40 20 20 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 115 50 65 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 140 65 75 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 5 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 560 285 270 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 770 340 430 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 90 50 35 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 85 45 45 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,080 1,530 1,550 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 50 25 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 15 15 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,295 7,670 7,625 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 475 230 245 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 340 195 150 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,615 1,340 1,265 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 90 50 35 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 11,450 5,695 5,745 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 130 55 75 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 155 75 75 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 525 280 240
Greek 165 90 75 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 2,535 1,370 1,165 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 2,070 1,125 945 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 85 45 35 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 250 140 110 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 365 200 165 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 10 10 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 20 15 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 85 45 35 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 275 250 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 20 10 15 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 65 60 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 580 315 260 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 435 225 210 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 5 5 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 100 45 50 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 335 180 155 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 3,530 1,790 1,740 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 205 95 110 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 190 105 80 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 240 125 120 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 2,895 1,460 1,435 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 115 30 80 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 0 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 850 450 400 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 415 220 195 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 10 5 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 10 10 5 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 0 5 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 40 25 20 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 15 5 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 25 10 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 55 25 30 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 55 30 20 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 30 20 10 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 75 40 35 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 25 15 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 25 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,515 705 810 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,480 685 795 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 775 375 400 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 10 5 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 475 200 275 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 195 85 105 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 15 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 5 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 20 10 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 190 70 115 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 85 45 45 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 105 25 75 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 45 20 25 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 20 15 5 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 15 5 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 410 195 215 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 20 10 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 100 35 65 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 285 150 140 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 10 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 5,455 2,640 2,810 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 765 360 405 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 4,540 2,195 2,340 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 85 55 35 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 65 35 30 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 454,755 228,170 226,580 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 445,115 223,520 221,595 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 424,575 213,215 211,365 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 423,215 212,515 210,695 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 1,365 700 665 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 20,540 10,305 10,235 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 830 390 440 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 740 345 395 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 5 5 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 610 280 330 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 10 5 5 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 590 275 320 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 60 60 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 125 60 60 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 90 45 40 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 10 5 255 140 120
Stoney 80 45 40 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,710 9,915 9,795 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 735 395 340 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 5 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 50 30 20 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 15 5 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 40 25 15 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 680 360 315 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 20 5 10 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 575 305 270 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 75 40 35 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 245 120 125 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 20 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 210 100 105 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 4,400 2,130 2,270 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 115 55 60 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 120 55 60 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 15 5 10 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,065 1,970 2,100 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 35 15 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 255 130 120 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 165 85 85 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 65 35 30 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 20 10 10 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 12,020 6,095 5,925 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 10 10 5 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 30 20 15 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,390 720 670 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 5 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,380 715 670 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 35 15 20 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 15 5 5 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 45 25 20 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 45 20 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 5 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 135 65 65 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 360 175 185 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 25 10 10 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 20 5 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 685 365 320 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 7,275 3,625 3,655 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 290 145 145 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 5 0 855 410 445
Dutch 415 220 200 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 25 15 15 185 95 90
German 6,430 3,190 3,245 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 15 5 10 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 40 1,625 820 810
Greek 45 25 20 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 1,450 750 700 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,175 615 560 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 50 25 25 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 155 90 70 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 160 95 70 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 5 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 10 5 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 40 15 20 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 165 155 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 35 45 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 365 190 175 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 265 130 135 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 45 20 20 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 225 115 115 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,805 945 860 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 30 10 15 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 50 30 20 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 90 40 45 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,630 860 770 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 85 95
Japanese 25 10 10 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 645 340 305 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 115 60 55 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 20 10 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 15 5 10 1,000 485 510
Lingala 5 5 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 20 10 10 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 5 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 15 10 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 5 5 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 120 70 45 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 15 10 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 60 40 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 915 440 470 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 885 430 455 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 475 230 245 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 285 135 150 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 55 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 5 5 5 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 20 10 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 50 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 55 25 30 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 40 15 20 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 25 10 10 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 10 5 5 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 10 10 5 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 60 35 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 5 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 50 35 25 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 9,640 4,655 4,985 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 440 215 225 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 9,075 4,390 4,685 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 25 5 20 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 95 45 55 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 454,750 228,170 226,580 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 427,065 214,655 212,405 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 10,370 5,215 5,155 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 2,945 1,360 1,590 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 14,040 6,775 7,270 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 2,805 1,410 1,400 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 11,235 5,370 5,870 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 25 10 10 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 175 95 80 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 130 60 70 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 357,530 178,765 178,770 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 342,650 171,555 171,090 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,560 53,519 29,981 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 342,710 171,575 171,135 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,604 46,095 27,826 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 317,880 163,365 154,520 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,324 52,412 27,768 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 205,885 82,240 123,645 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,074 7,535 5,528 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 272,595 144,000 128,595 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,474 51,342 27,824 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 357,610 178,800 178,810 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 342,730 171,365 171,360 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,227 72,731 39,723 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 342,785 171,370 171,415 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,127 58,063 34,193 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 318,245 163,240 155,000 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,296 72,002 37,701 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 205,945 82,275 123,670 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,124 8,626 7,789 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 272,650 143,660 128,995 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,175 65,349 35,389 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 357,610 178,800 178,810 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 120,305 71,065 49,245 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,057 68,294 46,582 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,886 80,309 52,400 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.2 94.1 85.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.4 75.6 66.7 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.8 5.9 14.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 357,530 178,760 178,770 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 14,885 7,205 7,680 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 342,645 171,560 171,090 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.8 96.0 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 43,020 15,185 27,840 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 45,685 16,620 29,065 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 46,520 17,850 28,670 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 37,685 15,645 22,045 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 33,205 15,345 17,855 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 27,690 14,310 13,380 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 22,715 13,440 9,280 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 17,915 11,720 6,190 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 14,225 9,680 4,550 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 12,050 8,130 3,920 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 41,940 33,640 8,300 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 27,560 21,440 6,120 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 14,380 12,195 2,185 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 357,530 178,765 178,770 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 14,825 7,190 7,635 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 342,710 171,575 171,135 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.0 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,140 15,560 28,580 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 47,840 17,430 30,405 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 53,535 20,680 32,850 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 45,395 19,865 25,530 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 39,135 19,765 19,370 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 30,865 18,295 12,575 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 22,500 15,000 7,500 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 17,120 11,705 5,415 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 42,190 33,270 8,915 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 12,185 8,690 3,495 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 8,300 6,480 1,815 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 21,705 18,100 3,610 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 357,535 178,765 178,770 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 84,940 34,765 50,175 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 272,595 143,995 128,595 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 76.2 80.5 71.9 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 35,460 15,890 19,565 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 20,005 8,175 11,830 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 32,300 12,750 19,555 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 28,005 11,020 16,985 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 26,955 11,335 15,615 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 24,240 11,320 12,920 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 20,610 10,895 9,710 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 16,965 10,455 6,510 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 13,870 9,435 4,430 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 54,190 42,715 11,470 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 11,395 8,065 3,335 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 9,985 6,870 3,115 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 32,810 27,780 5,025 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 178,185 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,632 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,522 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,395 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,398 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,095 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 133,790 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,907 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,468 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 178,210 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,135 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 88,726 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,440 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,707 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,763 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 133,775 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,220 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,666 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 178,185 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,345 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,560 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,220 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,625 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,040 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,445 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,020 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,770 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,365 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,225 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,355 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,810 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,325 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,690 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,030 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 72,345 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,505 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,065 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,930 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 15,845 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 178,185 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,595 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,605 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,285 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,855 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,570 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,160 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,035 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,750 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,835 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,555 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,045 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,295 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,855 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,675 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,315 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,745 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,715 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,710 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 19,315 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 127,830 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,628 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,479 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 54,930 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,594 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,301 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 53,215 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,278 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,557 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 16,500 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,339 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,297 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 127,855 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,580 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,984 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 55,070 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,635 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,010 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 53,270 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,328 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,384 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,445 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,482 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,058 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,850 33,795 30,050 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,297 45,719 32,142 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,311 39,596 29,772 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 63,625 33,235 30,390 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,538 62,455 41,692 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,578 50,520 35,986 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 445,630 224,185 221,445 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 191,830 92,140 99,695 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 34,285 16,585 17,700 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 36,455 16,535 19,915 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 38,785 18,370 20,420 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 39,905 19,440 20,470 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 42,395 21,205 21,190 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 253,800 132,045 121,750 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 44,055 22,335 21,720 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 46,395 23,875 22,520 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 50,070 26,025 24,040 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 54,470 28,445 26,025 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 58,815 31,365 27,445 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 435,610 219,055 216,560 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 100,705 51,930 48,775 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 33,565 17,340 16,230 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 273,280 137,300 135,985 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 61,625 29,825 31,805 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 43,105 20,095 23,010 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 13,155 6,860 6,295 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 4,665 2,435 2,230 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 23,940 10,915 13,025 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 6,010 2,320 3,690 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.9 9.2 10.6 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.2 12.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.0 13.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 7.9 9.6 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 9.8 7.8 11.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,300 9,840 10,455 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 6,190 3,200 2,990 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,230 1,165 1,065 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 13,130 6,180 6,945 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 980 460 525 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.7 4.5 4.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 6.6 6.7 6.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 4.5 5.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.5 1.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 445,685 224,230 221,455 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 443,985 223,445 220,545 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 443,800 223,375 220,425 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 17,115 7,745 9,370 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 51,820 25,180 26,640 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 4,635 2,270 2,360 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 4,380 2,150 2,235 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 40 15 25 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 4,020 1,960 2,065 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 10 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 190 70 115 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 3,810 1,880 1,930 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 545 285 255 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 540 285 260 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 35 20 20 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 15 15 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 15 10 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 10 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 15 0 10 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 10 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 15 0 15 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 15 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 15 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 220 125 100 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 55 35 20 1,760 870 890
Stoney 175 90 80 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,210 22,920 24,295 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,680 920 760 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 15 15 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 10 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 110 55 65 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 105 55 60 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 1,550 860 685 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 40 15 20 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 1,425 790 635 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 55 35 20 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 10 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 75 40 35 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 170 250 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 165 60 100 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 270 120 155 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 11,555 5,065 6,485 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 40 20 20 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 495 155 330 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 20 10 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 540 210 330 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 15 10 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 110 65 45 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 145 70 75 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 30 15 15 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,105 4,860 6,245 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 110 50 60 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 70 30 40 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 585 330 255 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 40 20 20 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 340 175 165 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 195 125 70 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 70 40 30 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 28,155 14,090 14,065 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 20 15 10 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 10 10 10 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 5,795 2,815 2,985 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 65 30 35 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 45 25 20 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 15 10 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 5,750 2,790 2,955 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 10 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 95 40 55 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 20 20 0 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 190 85 110 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 135 60 75 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 680 320 360 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,475 745 725 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 160 70 90 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 25 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 80 40 40 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 3,525 1,750 1,775 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 70 35 40 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 45 25 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 12,720 6,345 6,375 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 675 335 340 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 430 210 220 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,930 1,430 1,500 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 135 85 50 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 8,395 4,240 4,150 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 175 70 100 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 210 110 100 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 10 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 360 190 170 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 265 145 125 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 3,240 1,790 1,450 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 2,750 1,510 1,235 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 155 80 75 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 255 145 110 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,035 615 415 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 15 0 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 25 15 15 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 85 50 30 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 910 485 425 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 40 25 15 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 95 80 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 830 460 375 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 535 305 225 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 10 10 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 100 55 50 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 440 250 190 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 6,815 3,355 3,465 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 465 250 215 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 380 165 220 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 345 195 145 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 5,765 2,840 2,930 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 295 140 155 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 865 435 435 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 880 460 415 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 125 55 70 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 15 10 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 25 10 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 10 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 155 80 80 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 25 15 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 10 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 20 10 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 145 80 65 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 185 95 85 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 255 145 110 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 65 30 30 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 655 270 380 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 255 95 155 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 400 175 230 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,845 885 960 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 1,785 855 930 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,025 490 530 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 10 10 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 705 320 385 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 15 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 90 85 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 25 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 10 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 25 15 10 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 20 0 10 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 320 135 185 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 140 80 65 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 190 60 125 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 70 25 40 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 30 15 15 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 35 15 20 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 425 230 195 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 30 10 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 100 45 55 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 295 180 120 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 445,685 224,225 221,455 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 425,285 214,495 210,790 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 101,610 52,600 49,010 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 323,670 161,895 161,775 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 20,400 9,730 10,670 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 445,685 224,225 221,455 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 402,840 203,555 199,290 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,730 18,670 20,065 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 9,775 4,660 5,110 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 3,240 1,545 1,700 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 4,660 2,265 2,390 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 9,930 4,805 5,120 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,625 1,780 1,845 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 6,305 3,030 3,275 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,130 5,390 5,740 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,115 2,010 2,105 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,730 18,670 20,060 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 4,465 2,265 2,195 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 8,185 4,210 3,975 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 7,555 3,565 3,985 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 15,915 7,345 8,570 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,620 1,285 1,330 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,730 18,670 20,060 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 7,240 3,285 3,950 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 65 20 45 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 415 195 220 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 735 390 345 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 105 50 55 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 95 35 60 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 210 105 105 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,550 745 805 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 70 30 40 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 130 50 85 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,860 1,135 1,730 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,005 535 470 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 13,220 6,555 6,660 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 50 85 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 80 25 50 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 105 40 65 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 1,705 855 850 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 140 80 60 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 150 90 55 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 175 110 65 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 150 80 70 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,275 1,150 1,125 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 570 260 310 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 95 45 50 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 305 175 130 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 385 155 225 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 35 30 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 675 355 320 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,650 2,265 2,385 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,565 780 780 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 2,320 1,260 1,060 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 45 25 20 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 95 65 25 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 65 35 30 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 65 30 30 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 25 20 10 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 375 200 170 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 70 45 20 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 665 330 335 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 915 500 420 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 15,505 7,360 8,150 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 190 110 75 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 80 45 30 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 800 375 430 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 230 115 120 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 1,385 780 600 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 145 80 65 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 60 25 35 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 60 0 50 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 560 285 275 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 285 165 120 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 580 335 245 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 9,440 4,215 5,225 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 160 95 65 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 235 115 125 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 15 10 10 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 330 145 175 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 960 455 500 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 445 210 235 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,125 5,390 5,740 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 1,200 545 660 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 20 0 15 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 65 35 30 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 20 15 10 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 20 10 10 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 90 45 50 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 345 160 185 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 285 115 165 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 25 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 330 160 170 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 1,355 730 625 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 140 80 65 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 0 10 5,900 2,735