Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area
British Columbia
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia  Map : Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 784,977 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 718,247 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,427 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 270,325 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 937.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 837.01 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 784,980 385,990 398,985 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 136,350 70,215 66,130 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 42,225 21,760 20,460 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 47,005 24,315 22,695 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 47,115 24,145 22,970 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 525,495 259,065 266,435 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 51,035 26,450 24,585 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 50,690 26,490 24,205 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 47,300 23,450 23,855 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,140 26,595 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 51,860 24,835 27,030 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 53,825 25,665 28,165 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 56,260 27,240 29,020 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 58,885 29,150 29,740 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 55,400 27,190 28,205 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 48,505 23,460 25,050 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 123,130 56,705 66,425 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 42,285 20,265 22,020 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 30,290 14,475 15,815 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 20,990 9,885 11,100 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 14,325 6,475 7,850 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 15,245 5,610 9,635 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 9,335 3,815 5,525 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,410 1,425 2,990 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,285 315 970 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 215 60 155 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.2 16.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.9 67.1 66.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.7 14.7 16.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.5 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.3 41.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 270,325 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 108,455 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,890 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 149,445 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,815 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 37,080 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,605 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 53,675 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,535 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 270,325 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 59,235 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 80,555 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 43,770 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 46,565 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 40,200 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 774,310 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 648,630 315,775 332,855 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 391,565 195,350 196,210 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 351,510 175,350 176,160 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 40,050 20,000 20,050 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 257,065 120,420 136,645 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 170,810 92,880 77,935 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 15,860 6,525 9,330 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 36,465 14,010 22,460 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 33,930 7,010 26,920 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 221,335 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 98,750 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 49,035 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 52,595 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,955 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 221,340 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 189,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 169,190 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 20,025 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 32,125 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 25,575 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,550 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 189,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 79,445 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 109,765 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 39,555 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 50,015 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 20,195 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 32,125 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 19,300 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 9,480 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,340 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 108,360 50,360 58,010 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 270,325 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 184,790 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 63,900 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 120,890 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 17,275 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 68,265 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 59,240 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,025 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 777,875 382,840 395,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 698,945 349,280 349,665 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 310 160 145 1,110 530 580
English and French 39,300 17,270 22,030 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 39,325 16,130 23,195 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 777,870 382,845 395,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 729,615 362,440 367,175 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,925 2,870 3,055 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 3,490 1,630 1,860 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 38,840 15,900 22,945 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,665 3,685 3,980 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 777,870 382,840 395,030 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 751,035 369,570 381,465 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 451,805 225,465 226,340 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 445,885 222,625 223,265 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,920 2,845 3,080 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 299,225 144,100 155,125 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 145 55 95 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 65 15 45 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 5 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 10 25 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 10 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 5 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 5 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 25 10 15 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 5 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 5 45 20 25
Nisga'a 5 5 5 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 10 5 5 55 25 35
Haisla 0 5 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 5 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 299,080 144,050 155,035 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,050 4,140 3,910 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 805 380 420 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 165 95 75
Somali 775 365 405 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 7,215 3,745 3,475 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 330 160 170 1,140 560 585
Arabic 5,630 2,925 2,705 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 450 220 225 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 405 220 180 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 110 65 40 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 175 85 85 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,265 3,870 4,390 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 710 325 385 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 7,555 3,550 4,005 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 24,335 10,460 13,875 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 70 35 35 310 140 170
Cebuano 1,025 405 615 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 250 125 120 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 320 135 180 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 1,180 480 695 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 565 250 315 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 60 75 635 290 345
Pangasinan 95 35 55 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,440 8,815 11,620 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 40 20 20 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 215 90 130 830 360 470
Creole languages 300 155 145 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 95 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,235 1,135 1,105 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 75 35 40 225 115 110
Malayalam 985 490 495 1,750 905 845
Tamil 930 475 455 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 230 125 105 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 30 20 15 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 191,985 94,510 97,475 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 445 225 220 1,090 560 530
Armenian 135 70 65 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,485 5,435 6,055 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 100 35 60 645 280 370
Latvian 60 25 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 45 10 35 325 130 200
Slavic languages 11,385 5,395 5,990 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 210 105 105 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 175 90 90 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,085 545 535 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 790 370 420 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 20 10 10 250 120 135
Polish 3,445 1,680 1,760 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,840 1,310 1,535 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 750 385 370 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 70 1,145 545 600
Slovak 455 195 255 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 85 85 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,260 530 725 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 90 45 45 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 20 125 65 60
Welsh 35 20 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 13,425 6,305 7,120 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 420 195 225 1,435 730 705
Danish 765 380 385 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,235 1,505 1,725 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 55 25 25 80 30 50
German 8,255 3,875 4,385 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 40 15 25 155 70 80
Norwegian 280 130 150 835 410 430
Swedish 290 125 165 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 35 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,085 575 515 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 150,450 74,600 75,845 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 146,255 72,425 73,830 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 810 420 390 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,805 895 910 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 15,235 7,275 7,965 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 95 45 50 225 110 110
Marathi 115 55 65 535 280 255
Nepali 440 230 210 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120,905 60,075 60,830 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 275 140 135 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 765 380 380 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,785 2,900 2,890 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 4,040 2,095 1,945 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 205 115 85 1,650 875 780
Pashto 570 310 260 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,270 1,670 1,600 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 14,870 7,270 7,600 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 2,340 1,270 1,075 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,155 995 1,160 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,140 555 590 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 9,205 4,435 4,770 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 1,860 670 1,190 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 11,925 5,475 6,445 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 25 15 15 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,160 600 560 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 220 125 95 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 50 30 20 80 45 30
Ewe 35 20 15 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 10 35 15 15
Ganda 15 10 0 65 35 30
Igbo 70 40 35 160 90 65
Lingala 20 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 105 45 55
Shona 45 20 30 150 70 85
Swahili 235 120 110 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 95 55 40 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 255 115 135 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 50 60 265 135 135
Dinka 10 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 190 85 100
Sign languages 255 145 110 620 330 295
American Sign Language 105 55 50 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 44,935 21,110 23,825 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 43,665 20,475 23,185 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 9,825 4,615 5,210 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 300 135 160 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 30,030 14,055 15,975 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 40 25 25 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,895 895 1,000 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 215 230 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,090 520 570 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,275 640 635 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 375 200 175 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 760 365 390 770 370 400
Tibetan 75 35 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 950 395 560 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 575 300 275 800 405 400
Thai 360 90 275 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 505 275 235 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 365 200 165 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 60 30 30 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 15 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,010 955 1,055 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 115 50 65 455 195 260
Finnish 465 210 255 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,430 695 730 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60 365 200 170
Multiple responses 26,840 13,275 13,565 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,255 620 635 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 24,800 12,285 12,520 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 365 180 185 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 410 185 225 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 777,870 382,845 395,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 712,545 350,825 361,725 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 528,100 261,375 266,725 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 526,430 260,545 265,885 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,670 835 840 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 184,445 89,445 95,000 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 5 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 184,430 89,435 94,990 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,220 2,600 2,620 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 465 205 260 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 5 80 40 35
Somali 445 195 255 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 4,750 2,395 2,355 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 145 60 80 535 250 290
Arabic 3,840 1,935 1,905 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 155 150 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 290 160 130 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 10 10 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 85 40 45 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,345 2,515 2,830 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 420 205 220 620 290 330
Vietnamese 4,930 2,320 2,610 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 10,535 4,835 5,695 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 15 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 365 165 200 1,085 485 600
Fijian 65 35 30 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 355 150 205
Ilocano 390 175 215 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 140 60 75 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 20 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 10 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,370 4,305 5,065 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 260 130 130
Creole languages 165 75 90 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 120 55 65 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,175 580 600 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 30 15 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 545 265 275 885 450 435
Tamil 470 225 240 1,935 965 965
Telugu 125 65 60 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 116,365 57,380 58,985 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 255 120 135 530 255 270
Armenian 50 25 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,530 2,190 2,340 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 10 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,515 2,185 2,330 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 90 45 45 540 270 270
Bulgarian 90 45 40 925 425 495
Croatian 300 140 165 1,795 840 955
Czech 215 105 110 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 1,335 655 680 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,615 775 840 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 370 195 175 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 435 205 235
Slovak 125 60 65 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 300 135 165 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,295 605 690 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 175 75 95 520 250 265
Danish 40 20 25 180 90 90
Dutch 235 105 135 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 775 370 405 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 15 10 10 75 35 35
Swedish 30 15 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 350 175 175 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 103,535 51,125 52,410 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 101,025 49,855 51,160 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 480 240 240 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 830 380 445 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 7,800 3,710 4,090 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 50 25 25 245 125 120
Nepali 250 130 125 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 87,475 43,340 44,135 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 110 50 60 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 160 165 595 290 305
Urdu 3,675 1,810 1,865 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,405 1,215 1,190 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 120 75 50 1,025 515 505
Pashto 345 175 170 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 965 970 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 6,350 3,140 3,210 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 380 175 205 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 680 320 365 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 470 230 245 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 4,810 2,410 2,395 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 755 305 450 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 9,430 4,345 5,090 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 5 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 365 165 200 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 15 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 5 20 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 20 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 90 35 55 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 25 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 15 30 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 60 20 40
Sign languages 325 170 150 830 460 370
American Sign Language 115 60 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 205 115 90 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,510 15,870 17,630 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 32,460 15,350 17,115 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 6,250 2,945 3,310 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 90 40 55 670 280 390
Mandarin 24,215 11,465 12,750 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 10 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 910 430 480 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 265 125 140 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 690 335 360 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,040 520 520 1,630 820 810
Burmese 305 170 140 685 350 335
Karenic languages 680 330 345 685 335 350
Tibetan 35 15 20 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 415 195 220 1,015 435 580
Lao 290 140 145 335 160 175
Thai 125 45 75 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 225 120 105 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 175 90 80 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 30 15 20 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 475 220 250 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 10 15 75 30 45
Finnish 90 45 50 435 190 240
Hungarian 355 170 185 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 110 50 60
Multiple responses 65,325 32,025 33,310 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 790 360 430 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 63,710 31,295 32,420 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 140 55 85 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 680 315 365 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 777,875 382,845 395,030 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 628,610 310,240 318,375 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 69,595 34,730 34,860 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,495 1,990 2,505 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 73,070 34,850 38,215 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 135 60 75 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 72,935 34,795 38,145 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 250 125 125 965 435 530
English and non-official language 1,305 645 655 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 540 255 285 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 638,075 311,250 326,825 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 607,800 296,785 311,005 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,217 39,897 26,374 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 608,575 297,470 311,105 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,110 34,879 24,775 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 542,725 271,970 270,755 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,653 39,942 24,776 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 426,845 180,180 246,665 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,830 2,039 4,660 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 462,150 238,340 223,810 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,322 39,967 25,945 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 638,130 311,280 326,850 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 608,085 296,790 311,295 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,136 51,867 34,812 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 608,825 297,425 311,395 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,174 42,306 30,317 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,280 271,895 271,385 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,906 52,220 33,574 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 426,730 180,215 246,515 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,844 6,633 6,998 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 462,160 237,985 224,175 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,184 50,680 33,166 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 638,130 311,285 326,850 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 196,365 114,860 81,510 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,934 59,654 45,994 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,329 69,803 51,798 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.3 84.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 78.2 68.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.7 15.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 638,075 311,250 326,825 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 30,275 14,460 15,815 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 607,795 296,790 311,010 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 98,245 40,260 57,980 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 109,015 43,310 65,705 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 80,595 33,500 47,095 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 69,765 31,645 38,120 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 60,490 29,155 31,340 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 47,830 25,240 22,590 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 36,380 21,620 14,755 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 26,940 16,880 10,060 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 21,030 13,355 7,670 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 14,610 9,645 4,970 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 42,900 32,170 10,730 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 29,660 21,685 7,970 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 13,245 10,485 2,755 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 638,075 311,250 326,825 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 29,500 13,785 15,715 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 608,570 297,465 311,110 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.6 95.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 101,875 42,400 59,475 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 114,345 46,285 68,060 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 95,710 40,995 54,715 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 81,885 38,230 43,655 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 67,015 34,040 32,970 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 47,830 27,885 19,940 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 32,795 20,645 12,150 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 22,900 14,430 8,475 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 44,225 32,565 11,660 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 14,270 9,775 4,500 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 8,800 6,470 2,330 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 21,150 16,320 4,830 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 638,075 311,250 326,825 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 175,925 72,915 103,010 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 462,150 238,335 223,815 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.4 76.6 68.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 66,020 29,750 36,275 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 36,005 14,925 21,080 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 63,695 27,415 36,285 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 53,220 23,810 29,410 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 50,010 23,350 26,665 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 44,980 22,010 22,970 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 36,215 19,915 16,295 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 28,200 17,635 10,570 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 21,540 13,935 7,600 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 62,255 45,595 16,660 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 17,240 11,205 6,040 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,845 8,165 3,675 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 33,175 26,225 6,950 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 270,325 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,638 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,572 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 59,235 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,177 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,798 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 211,090 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,831 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,592 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 270,330 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,031 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,469 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 59,220 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,667 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,163 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 211,105 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,159 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,336 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 270,325 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,480 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,855 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,930 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,245 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,215 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,780 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,430 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,805 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,015 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,105 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,040 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,100 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,755 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,955 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,330 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 102,285 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,560 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,260 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,165 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,300 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 270,325 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,830 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,905 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,020 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,550 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,450 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,675 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,455 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,780 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,305 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,035 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,375 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,690 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,465 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,620 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,505 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 78,660 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,665 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,760 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,235 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 206,050 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,024 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,866 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 62,720 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,923 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,830 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 108,745 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,349 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,583 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 27,690 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,182 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,966 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 205,790 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,318 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,519 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 62,515 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,834 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,112 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 108,805 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,151 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,930 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 27,605 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,398 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,603 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 84,825 41,780 43,050 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,243 35,522 31,434 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,813 31,540 28,534 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 84,830 41,480 43,350 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,589 43,731 39,540 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,176 36,484 33,923 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 774,310 381,415 392,895 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 371,755 178,725 193,035 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 74,570 36,090 38,485 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 68,495 31,745 36,750 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 71,765 34,330 37,430 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 77,095 37,350 39,740 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 79,840 39,215 40,625 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 402,550 202,690 199,860 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 81,415 40,240 41,180 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 82,935 41,435 41,505 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 83,690 42,270 41,425 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 81,880 41,465 40,415 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 72,625 37,280 35,345 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 772,775 380,680 392,095 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 165,925 85,525 80,395 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 51,095 26,275 24,815 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 491,705 241,045 250,660 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 115,145 54,100 61,040 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 104,000 49,185 54,815 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 29,325 15,055 14,270 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 8,725 4,400 4,325 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 60,770 28,395 32,375 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 13,905 5,735 8,170 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.9 14.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.6 17.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 16.7 17.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.8 12.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.1 10.6 13.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 80,770 38,975 41,795 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 22,370 11,425 10,950 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 6,495 3,260 3,240 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 51,120 24,545 26,575 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 7,275 3,005 4,270 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.5 10.2 10.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.7 12.4 13.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.2 10.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.3 5.6 7.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 774,360 381,450 392,910 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 735,230 365,495 369,730 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 734,975 365,335 369,635 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 39,090 17,230 21,865 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 359,080 173,170 185,905 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 345 135 210 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 125 40 85 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 30 45 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 25 10 15 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 20 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 10 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 10 30 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 30 20 10 60 35 30
Inuit languages 30 10 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 25 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 100 35 65 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 45 15 25 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 35 15 25 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 25 10 15 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 10 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 15 10 10 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 358,740 173,040 185,700 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,290 5,225 5,065 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 30 10 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 20 0 20 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,085 475 610 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 1,065 465 600 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 9,265 4,770 4,495 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 570 280 295 1,755 905 855
Arabic 7,765 4,005 3,760 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 495 255 235 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 520 265 255 545 270 275
Harari 15 0 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 150 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 65 25 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 225 135 90 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 115 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,390 5,025 5,365 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 375 460 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 9,600 4,675 4,925 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 30,725 13,310 17,415 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 135 70 70 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,365 490 875 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 650 400 255 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 415 210 205 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,380 535 840 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,325 580 740 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 90 100 775 350 430
Pangasinan 115 55 60 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,030 12,025 16,005 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 65 35 25 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 305 145 160 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 835 425 410 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 35 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 515 265 250 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 300 155 150 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,230 1,705 1,525 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 165 60 100 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,415 765 655 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,450 770 675 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 380 220 160 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 20 15 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 235,590 115,940 119,655 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 515 245 270 1,135 580 555
Armenian 210 120 95 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 12,960 6,235 6,720 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 70 25 45 635 310 325
Latvian 30 15 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 10 30 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,905 6,215 6,685 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 360 190 170 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 250 95 155 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,395 715 685 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 980 455 525 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 40 20 20 345 180 160
Polish 3,795 1,875 1,920 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 3,750 1,805 1,935 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,000 515 480 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 1,240 595 645
Slovak 575 230 340 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 190 95 95 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,600 670 930 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 250 120 125
Celtic languages 160 55 105 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 75 40 35 350 225 120
Welsh 45 10 40 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 0 30 685 370 320
Germanic languages 17,000 7,875 9,130 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 990 475 515 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 760 320 440 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,855 1,705 2,145 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 85 35 50 120 55 65
German 10,970 5,195 5,770 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 30 10 20 215 110 100
Norwegian 345 180 160 1,405 730 680
Swedish 525 235 285 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 15 15 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 1,675 915 760 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 181,675 90,460 91,220 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 177,125 88,145 88,975 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,155 570 590 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,505 1,210 1,295 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 45,065 21,815 23,250 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 145 75 70 375 185 190
Marathi 290 135 155 1,275 650 625
Nepali 500 240 260 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 147,250 73,720 73,530 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 470 240 230 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,060 575 485 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,995 4,600 4,395 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,055 2,590 2,460 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 395 230 165 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 845 465 385 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,115 2,090 2,030 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 380 180 195 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 24,110 11,465 12,645 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 15 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,675 1,975 1,700 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 3,005 1,390 1,615 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,355 655 695 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 16,725 7,750 8,975 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 220 130 85
Japanese 3,480 1,595 1,885 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 13,100 5,985 7,120 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 60 35 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 60 35 25 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,215 1,145 1,065 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 300 180 120 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 75 40 30 115 65 55
Ewe 45 35 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 75 50 25 95 60 35
Ganda 30 20 10 105 60 45
Igbo 120 65 55 240 140 95
Lingala 100 50 55 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 35 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 95 45 50 210 95 115
Shona 75 35 35 265 125 140
Swahili 735 420 320 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 300 155 140 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 545 220 325 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 55 50 300 150 150
Dinka 15 15 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,150 395 755 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 630 190 440 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 545 215 330 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 49,775 23,510 26,265 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 48,370 22,785 25,590 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 12,800 5,980 6,820 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 385 175 210 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 38,000 17,800 20,205 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,680 1,265 1,415 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 500 225 275 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,075 490 585 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 30 25 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,470 755 710 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 500 270 230 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 895 445 445 905 455 450
Tibetan 95 55 40 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,235 525 710 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 780 375 405 1,125 505 620
Thai 555 195 355 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 680 380 295 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 15 0 835 455 385
Turkish 595 335 260 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 35 15 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 15 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,665 1,260 1,410 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 175 65 105 495 205 295
Finnish 585 260 325 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,910 930 980 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 105 110 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 774,360 381,450 392,910 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 685,170 338,795 346,375 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 153,615 79,515 74,095 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 531,560 259,280 272,280 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 89,190 42,655 46,535 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 774,360 381,450 392,910 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 477,790 239,265 238,525 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 283,355 135,500 147,855 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 58,290 28,395 29,890 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 32,655 15,700 16,950 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 65,365 31,210 34,160 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 83,685 39,430 44,250 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 39,100 18,255 20,845 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 44,585 21,175 23,415 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 43,360 20,765 22,595 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,215 6,685 6,530 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 283,355 135,500 147,855 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 22,920 11,830 11,095 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 43,425 22,175 21,250 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 69,575 31,415 38,165 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 108,400 52,010 56,385 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 39,030 18,070 20,960 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 283,355 135,500 147,855 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 17,225 7,850 9,385 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 515 200 320 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 855 390 465 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,700 880 820 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 325 140 185 920 415 500
Haiti 120 40 80 265 110 160
Jamaica 795 425 370 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,435 560 870 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 510 225 285 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 560 240 315 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,855 3,060 3,795 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,560 1,680 1,880 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 45,815 22,620 23,200 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 655 330 325 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 765 385 380 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 470 215 250 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,520 2,145 2,380 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 705 410 295 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,120 605 520 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 740 375 365 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,475 820 650 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,990 1,420 1,570 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,010 1,460 1,550 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,265 640 625 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,225 590 640 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,165 480 685 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 455 230 235 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,100 545 555 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 18,650 9,300 9,350 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 5,490 2,660 2,830 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 9,245 4,740 4,500 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 95 65 30 430 270 150
Egypt 600 290 315 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 520 250 270 1,665 835 825
Kenya 885 460 420 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 215 110 100 730 385 340
Nigeria 690 370 320 1,205 630 575
Somalia 620 280 335 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,835 975 860 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,790 1,940 1,850 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 199,095 94,790 104,310 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,805 885 920 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 715 360 355 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,435 10,935 12,500 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,555 1,670 1,885 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 93,765 45,825 47,940 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,290 735 555 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,805 1,425 1,380 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 1,240 380 860 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 9,665 4,480 5,185 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 610 310 295 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 5,635 2,845 2,790 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 27,940 12,170 15,765 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,485 810 680 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,060 525 530 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 7,560 3,525 4,040 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 6,470 3,025 3,450 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 10,065 4,895 5,165 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 11,970 5,505 6,465 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 43,360 20,765 22,600 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,975 960 1,015 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 140 50 90 960 445 520
Colombia 95 50 45 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 65 40 25 160 115 45
Mexico 350 175 175 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 705 365 340 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 585 265 320 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,895 1,005 885 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 15 20 790 415 370
Germany 110 65 45 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 50 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 15