Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary [Population centre], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary
Alberta
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Calgary [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Calgary [Population centre], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,237,656 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,094,379 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.1 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 489,271 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,391 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,111.8 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 586.08 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,237,650 617,210 620,440 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 226,580 116,325 110,255 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 77,820 39,975 37,840 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 79,230 40,790 38,440 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 69,530 35,560 33,970 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 872,320 437,655 434,665 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 69,630 35,685 33,940 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 78,480 39,740 38,735 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 99,950 49,625 50,325 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 109,160 54,535 54,630 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 100,160 49,720 50,445 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 93,220 46,670 46,545 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 87,690 44,345 43,345 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 86,785 43,525 43,255 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 82,155 41,160 40,995 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 65,095 32,645 32,450 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 138,750 63,230 75,520 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 48,950 23,915 25,035 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 31,665 15,070 16,590 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 22,775 10,250 12,530 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 17,360 7,505 9,860 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 18,000 6,495 11,500 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 11,505 4,530 6,975 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 4,985 1,605 3,375 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,355 345 1,010 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 165 20 145 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 18.8 17.8 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 70.5 70.9 70.1 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 11.2 10.2 12.2 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 1.9 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.1 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 466,395 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 262,430 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,885 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 169,050 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 29,430 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 44,710 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,860 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 72,850 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,025 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 466,390 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 114,185 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 150,775 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 78,405 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 75,220 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 47,805 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,221,000 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,011,070 500,885 510,185 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 595,925 298,785 297,135 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 506,035 253,695 252,340 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 89,885 45,090 44,795 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 415,150 202,105 213,050 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 292,725 160,265 132,465 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 22,220 9,685 12,540 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 62,225 24,230 37,995 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 37,970 7,925 30,045 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 336,770 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 155,450 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 75,845 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 74,685 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,785 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 336,770 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 289,225 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 244,295 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 44,935 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 47,545 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 37,050 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 10,495 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 289,225 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 126,065 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 163,160 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 62,340 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 71,235 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 29,585 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 47,545 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 29,385 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 13,505 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 4,650 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 219,475 112,410 107,070 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 466,395 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 309,995 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,155 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 194,840 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,900 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 143,500 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 114,185 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 29,320 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,226,780 612,060 614,725 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 1,107,090 558,230 548,855 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 1,165 505 655 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 89,335 41,345 47,990 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 29,190 11,970 17,220 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,226,780 612,060 614,725 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 1,171,870 587,145 584,725 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 18,945 9,585 9,355 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 7,390 3,665 3,730 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 28,575 11,660 16,915 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,640 11,420 11,220 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,226,785 612,060 614,725 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 1,188,730 593,530 595,195 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 824,410 417,710 406,695 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 806,275 408,530 397,750 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 18,135 9,185 8,950 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 364,320 175,820 188,500 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 695 250 440 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 490 185 300 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 225 85 135 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 195 80 115 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 50 20 30 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 5 10 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 70 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 10 50 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 50 10 45 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 50 20 35 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 40 10 30
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 20 5 15 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 5 0 5 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 5 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 10 5 10 80 45 35
Salish languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 90 25 70 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 20 5 15 350 165 185
Stoney 70 20 50 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 363,630 175,570 188,060 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,940 15,185 13,760 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 130 75 55 340 190 145
Kabyle 60 30 30 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 40 25 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 2,465 1,225 1,240 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 50 30 20 315 185 130
Oromo 940 485 455 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,460 705 755 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Semitic languages 26,300 13,855 12,450 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 4,045 1,950 2,090 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 18,355 9,860 8,495 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 150 130 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 145 80 65
Harari 70 40 30 260 135 120
Hebrew 480 240 245 960 505 460
Maltese 35 15 15 75 30 40
Tigrigna 2,750 1,460 1,290 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 205 105 110 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,365 6,235 7,125 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 835 400 435 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 12,520 5,830 6,685 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 46,370 20,125 26,240 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 190 85 105 425 205 225
Cebuano 1,925 820 1,100 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 40 20 15 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 665 260 400 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 2,540 1,110 1,435 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 20 5 15 35 10 25
Malay 760 330 425 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 260 125 130 765 370 390
Pangasinan 125 50 70 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,235 17,045 22,185 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 140 65 75 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 475 200 275 980 430 550
Creole languages 605 305 300 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 20 10 5 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 415 205 210 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 90 85 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 5,125 2,670 2,460 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 285 145 140 535 270 265
Malayalam 2,075 1,065 1,010 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 1,805 955 855 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 930 490 440 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 175,190 86,705 88,485 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 1,325 700 630 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 245 130 120 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 29,575 13,830 15,745 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 495 235 260 1,010 475 535
Latvian 165 80 95 415 195 220
Lithuanian 325 155 170 600 285 315
Slavic languages 29,080 13,600 15,485 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 20 10 10 65 30 30
Bosnian 780 390 395 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 925 475 450 1,545 790 755
Croatian 1,890 930 960 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 1,360 640 720 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 150 75 75 360 185 175
Polish 7,670 3,610 4,060 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 9,255 4,185 5,070 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 1,815 910 905 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 515 250 265 970 480 485
Slovak 1,070 520 555 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 100 135 695 320 370
Ukrainian 3,350 1,485 1,860 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 215 120 100
Celtic languages 115 60 60 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 25 135 70 65
Welsh 55 30 25 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 15,710 7,520 8,185 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 805 400 410 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 755 385 370 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 3,455 1,725 1,725 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 35 15 15 360 200 160
German 9,925 4,665 5,255 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 65 35 30 115 55 60
Norwegian 220 95 130 815 370 445
Swedish 275 120 155 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 50 320 150 170
Yiddish 85 35 40 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 30 25
Greek 1,470 740 735 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 86,810 43,990 42,820 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 74,000 37,325 36,675 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 4,045 2,070 1,970 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 5,375 2,705 2,670 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 7,025 3,580 3,440 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 80 45 35 105 60 50
Konkani 165 80 85 370 190 185
Marathi 840 430 410 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,925 1,010 915 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,585 17,915 17,675 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 1,665 780 885 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 450 470 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 16,275 8,200 8,075 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 11,875 6,170 5,700 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 740 395 345 1,550 845 705
Pashto 1,610 825 785 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 9,525 4,950 4,575 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 445 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 39,935 19,740 20,190 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 45 20 25 75 30 45
Italian 4,995 2,545 2,450 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 3,360 1,595 1,760 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 4,495 2,285 2,205 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 27,030 13,290 13,740 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 20 15
Japanese 2,305 815 1,495 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 130 75 55 230 130 105
Georgian 130 70 55 230 130 100
Korean 8,875 4,105 4,770 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 545 255 290
Mongolian 445 210 235 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 5,575 2,860 2,715 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 640 335 305 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 15 5 5 35 20 15
Edo 100 65 35 275 155 120
Ewe 55 35 25 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 40 230 120 100
Ga 55 25 25 145 80 65
Ganda 40 15 20 280 145 135
Igbo 680 360 320 1,165 625 540
Lingala 85 40 45 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 70 75 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 60 805 405 400
Shona 290 145 150 1,100 545 555
Swahili 755 365 390 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 120 65 50 280 165 110
Yoruba 1,370 720 650 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,040 515 525 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,495 735 755 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 720 360 355 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 775 370 400 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 235 130 105 830 440 390
American Sign Language 85 45 45 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 145 90 60 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 68,080 32,050 36,035 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 66,845 31,435 35,410 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 33,690 15,835 17,855 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 340 155 185 990 465 530
Mandarin 28,335 13,360 14,975 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 45 20 20 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,675 745 925 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 195 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,385 1,150 1,235 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 615 625 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 265 135 130 430 230 200
Karenic languages 280 135 150 795 415 380
Tibetan 550 280 265 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 365 640 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 430 195 230 1,020 485 535
Thai 565 165 400 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,720 945 775 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 365 215 155
Turkish 1,210 680 525 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 60 30 30 130 70 60
Uzbek 75 35 40 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 215 95 120
Uralic languages 3,755 1,810 1,950 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 90 45 45 190 90 105
Finnish 280 105 170 810 330 480
Hungarian 3,390 1,655 1,735 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 190 130 690 415 280
Multiple responses 38,055 18,530 19,530 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 3,195 1,525 1,670 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 33,110 16,170 16,940 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 1,005 515 490 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 750 320 430 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,226,785 612,060 614,725 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 1,143,930 571,575 572,355 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 931,960 468,085 463,875 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 924,325 464,195 460,125 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 7,640 3,895 3,745 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 211,970 103,485 108,480 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 185 90 90 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 125 65 60 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 60 35 25 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 30 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 25 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 10 15 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 15 0 10 175 85 85
Stoney 15 10 10 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 211,790 103,400 108,390 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,940 9,160 8,780 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 60 35 25 200 105 95
Kabyle 25 15 10 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 1,640 800 840 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 45 25 25 280 160 115
Oromo 700 350 355 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 890 425 460 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 16,220 8,320 7,905 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 2,705 1,295 1,410 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 10,780 5,580 5,195 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 200 100 100 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 65 35 30 95 50 40
Harari 45 25 25 165 80 85
Hebrew 240 120 120 460 235 225
Maltese 5 0 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 2,045 1,090 955 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,755 4,120 4,635 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 425 210 220 960 460 500
Vietnamese 8,325 3,905 4,415 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 24,790 11,560 13,230 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 30 10 15 70 40 35
Cebuano 815 385 430 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 15 10 5 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 200 95 110 470 215 255
Ilocano 1,020 475 540 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 10 0 10 20 10 10
Malay 230 125 105 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 220 110 110
Pangasinan 15 10 10 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,195 10,340 11,855 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 280 120 155
Creole languages 280 145 140 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 215 110 110 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 3,110 1,580 1,530 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 115 60 55 210 105 105
Malayalam 1,275 645 630 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 1,155 580 575 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 550 285 270 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 60 30 35 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 97,070 48,290 48,785 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 610 325 285 1,060 570 485
Armenian 105 55 50 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 13,295 6,505 6,795 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 225 120 110 410 210 200
Latvian 80 45 35 165 85 80
Lithuanian 150 80 70 250 125 120
Slavic languages 13,070 6,380 6,685 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 350 175 175 785 400 385
Bulgarian 475 240 235 825 415 405
Croatian 680 335 350 1,800 905 895
Czech 395 190 205 875 440 430
Macedonian 80 40 40 175 90 85
Polish 3,115 1,510 1,610 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 5,640 2,730 2,910 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 930 460 475 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 175 90 85 315 160 155
Slovak 415 205 210 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 150 70 75
Ukrainian 760 385 370 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Celtic languages 15 10 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 5 0 5 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 2,065 975 1,090 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 410 195 220 1,705 835 875
Danish 65 30 30 150 75 75
Dutch 395 190 200 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 1,085 505 580 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 15 10 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 25 10 15 60 20 35
Swedish 50 25 25 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 10 5 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 425 215 210
Greek 480 225 255 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 58,575 29,405 29,170 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 50,230 25,205 25,025 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 2,700 1,355 1,345 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,045 1,525 1,520 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 3,965 2,040 1,925 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 50 25 25 50 20 25
Konkani 35 20 15 75 40 40
Marathi 445 230 215 845 440 405
Nepali 1,330 685 645 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 45 25 20 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,795 13,430 13,365 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 705 310 395 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 230 240 1,480 750 730
Urdu 10,645 5,325 5,320 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 7,850 3,950 3,905 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 450 230 225 850 440 410
Pashto 1,030 525 510 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 6,370 3,195 3,175 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 255 240 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 21,920 10,790 11,130 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 25 10 10 35 10 20
Italian 1,215 535 680 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,645 790 855 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 2,330 1,195 1,135 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 16,715 8,255 8,460 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 1,070 465 600 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 80 40 35 160 85 70
Georgian 80 45 35 160 85 70
Korean 6,340 3,015 3,320 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 275 130 145 335 160 175
Mongolian 280 130 145 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 1,745 840 905 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 300 155 145 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 25 10 15 70 35 35
Ewe 15 10 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 25 105 55 45
Ga 15 5 10 40 20 20
Ganda 5 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 135 65 70 265 125 145
Lingala 25 10 15 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 350 175 170
Shona 95 45 50 410 190 225
Swahili 340 155 185 1,090 530 565
Wolof 65 35 25 170 95 75
Yoruba 330 155 170 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 900 435 470 1,525 765 755
Dinka 440 215 230 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 725 350 375
Sign languages 310 180 135 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 75 40 40 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 140 95 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,295 22,025 24,265 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 45,410 21,585 23,825 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 22,025 10,275 11,745 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 100 35 60 315 135 185
Mandarin 20,865 10,110 10,755 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 10 0 5 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 290 375 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 105 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,535 760 775 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 880 440 440 1,500 770 730
Burmese 175 90 85 280 145 130
Karenic languages 235 105 125 665 340 320
Tibetan 395 205 190 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 380 165 215 1,130 505 625
Lao 180 75 95 465 215 245
Thai 195 85 110 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 980 510 470 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 105 55 50 155 90 75
Turkish 730 390 345 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 45 20 25 80 45 40
Uzbek 50 25 30 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 70 35 25
Uralic languages 1,295 640 660 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 15 5 15 25 10 15
Finnish 35 25 15 105 50 50
Hungarian 1,240 610 630 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 240 140 95
Multiple responses 82,850 40,485 42,365 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,160 1,080 1,075 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 79,110 38,650 40,460 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 370 180 190 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 1,215 565 645 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,226,780 612,060 614,725 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 1,013,605 508,710 504,900 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 92,670 46,130 46,540 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 11,895 5,435 6,460 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 104,740 49,860 54,880 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 605 240 365 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 104,130 49,625 54,510 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 640 325 320 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 2,060 1,045 1,015 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 1,130 535 600 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 995,125 494,055 501,070 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 944,760 469,085 475,675 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,329 52,561 35,519 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 944,950 469,140 475,810 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,523 45,393 32,357 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 883,485 448,790 434,700 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,196 52,389 34,907 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 543,870 215,680 328,190 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,952 1,869 3,373 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 769,375 399,655 369,720 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,639 52,188 36,017 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 995,210 494,100 501,115 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 945,390 469,290 476,095 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,771 85,509 50,286 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 945,555 469,340 476,215 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,910 66,244 41,754 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 883,795 448,920 434,875 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,519 86,325 50,138 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,805 215,575 328,230 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,459 6,381 6,511 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 769,535 399,690 369,845 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,591 79,653 48,313 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 995,210 494,095 501,110 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 361,015 205,600 155,405 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,913 73,256 57,818 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,601 103,821 70,787 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.2 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.3 79.1 74.1 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 8.8 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 995,125 494,055 501,065 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 50,360 24,965 25,395 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 944,760 469,085 475,675 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,335 48,650 74,680 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 118,265 47,890 70,370 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 107,715 43,760 63,960 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 92,285 41,415 50,870 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 88,695 42,385 46,305 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 75,965 38,245 37,720 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 62,445 33,330 29,115 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 50,120 28,200 21,915 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 40,085 23,095 16,990 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 34,025 19,435 14,600 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 151,815 102,675 49,140 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 83,580 52,185 31,390 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 68,235 50,485 17,750 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 995,125 494,055 501,070 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 50,170 24,915 25,255 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 944,950 469,140 475,810 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,295 49,590 76,700 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 123,390 50,210 73,185 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 124,510 51,355 73,155 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 115,510 53,830 61,680 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 107,240 53,445 53,795 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 83,795 44,620 39,175 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 62,835 35,585 27,255 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 47,860 27,685 20,175 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 153,515 102,820 50,695 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 36,125 21,065 15,065 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 24,865 15,440 9,425 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 92,525 66,320 26,210 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 995,120 494,055 501,070 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 225,745 94,400 131,345 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 769,375 399,655 369,720 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.3 80.9 73.8 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 80,400 36,470 43,930 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 49,660 21,190 28,460 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 84,725 36,915 47,810 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 73,195 31,700 41,495 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 70,515 32,850 37,660 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 69,210 33,630 35,580 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 60,825 30,800 30,025 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 50,320 27,550 22,770 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 41,285 23,440 17,850 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 189,240 125,105 64,135 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 33,800 19,870 13,930 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 29,690 17,030 12,655 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 125,750 88,205 37,550 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 466,390 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,300 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,048 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 114,180 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,329 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,651 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 352,210 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,386 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,189 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 466,440 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,359 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,284 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 114,225 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,377 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,965 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 352,215 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,757 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,252 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 466,390 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,095 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,355 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,255 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,365 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,760 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,675 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,865 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,935 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,220 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,590 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,320 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,780 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,950 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,105 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,665 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 226,460 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,690 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,510 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,900 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 73,355 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 466,390 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,680 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,430 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,440 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,780 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,760 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,315 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,280 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,695 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,750 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,610 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,495 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,025 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,905 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,910 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,510 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 182,825 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,345 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,165 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 85,310 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 331,055 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,955 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,946 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 113,275 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,943 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,309 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 163,050 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,381 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,198 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,260 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,079 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,304 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 331,075 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 159,385 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,303 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 113,300 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,632 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,675 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 163,125 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,674 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,622 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,900 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,799 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,698 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,195 98,000 89,200 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,340 47,222 41,237 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,947 40,898 36,764 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 186,825 97,950 88,875 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,493 65,466 55,012 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,025 52,251 45,471 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,221,000 609,875 611,130 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 453,240 220,780 232,465 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 89,985 44,940 45,045 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 80,570 37,495 43,075 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 87,195 41,815 45,380 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 93,255 45,805 47,455 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 102,240 50,730 51,515 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 767,755 389,095 378,665 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 109,090 54,620 54,470 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 117,105 58,835 58,270 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 130,070 65,760 64,310 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 156,095 78,820 77,275 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 255,400 131,060 124,340 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,221,000 609,870 611,130 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 266,820 136,855 129,965 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 93,315 47,870 45,450 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 826,185 413,300 412,880 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 128,000 59,720 68,285 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,380 54,425 58,955 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 34,385 17,710 16,675 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 12,390 6,365 6,025 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 68,255 32,640 35,610 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 10,745 4,080 6,665 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.9 9.6 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,190 52,690 53,490 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 28,425 14,660 13,770 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 10,190 5,240 4,945 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 71,390 35,450 35,945 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 6,365 2,585 3,780 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.8 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.7 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 5.0 4.3 5.5 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,221,065 609,875 611,195 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 1,192,040 597,685 594,355 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 1,190,850 597,160 593,685 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 90,150 41,690 48,460 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 459,765 223,005 236,760 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 1,145 445 700 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 825 320 505 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 340 115 220 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 395 170 225 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 90 35 50 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 45 25 25
Woods Cree 55 10 45 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 235 115 115 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 40 60 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 90 35 55 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 125 55 70 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 130 55 70 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 10 0 10 20 15 10
Dene 20 10 15 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 90 35 50 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 35 15 20 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 0 15 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 10 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 120 35 90 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 60 30 35 530 285 245
Stoney 80 15 65 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 10 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 458,645 222,570 236,070 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 40,545 21,255 19,290 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 205 140 60 540 335 205
Kabyle 110 65 50 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 10 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 65 40 20 370 235 135
Oromo 1,370 715 655 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 55 20 40
Semitic languages 37,380 19,665 17,720 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 5,745 2,910 2,840 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 27,475 14,610 12,865 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 145 160 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 45 150 70 75
Harari 95 45 50 340 150 185
Hebrew 1,550 740 805 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 35 20 10 145 85 55
Tigrigna 3,550 1,925 1,625 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 135 110 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 160 95 65 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,185 8,185 9,005 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 620 520 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 16,105 7,590 8,515 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 58,325 25,175 33,155 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 165 65 100 330 150 180
Cebuano 2,680 1,205 1,475 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 120 65 55 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 920 365 560 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 3,645 1,580 2,060 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 45 15 25 80 40 40
Malay 1,440 680 765 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 200 210 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 205 80 120 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,150 23,645 31,505 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 190 70 115 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 550 235 320 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 1,665 820 845 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 1,070 530 540 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 275 290 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 7,020 3,670 3,350 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 530 270 270 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 2,475 1,300 1,175 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 3,140 1,635 1,505 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 1,295 680 615 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 45 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 231,575 115,000 116,575 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 1,685 885 800 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 295 165 130 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 34,535 16,765 17,775 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 590 280 305 1,360 660 705
Latvian 230 115 115 590 300 290
Lithuanian 360 165 195 775 360 415
Slavic languages 34,175 16,590 17,580 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 70 30 40 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,230 655 575 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 1,075 575 500 1,795 945 850
Croatian 2,520 1,240 1,280 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 1,635 770 860 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 270 145 120 535 270 265
Polish 8,895 4,245 4,650 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 13,245 6,395 6,855 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 2,300 1,135 1,165 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 565 310 260 1,095 550 540
Slovak 1,460 800 655 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 135 150 735 360 375
Ukrainian 4,465 2,025 2,445 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 250 120 130
Celtic languages 440 205 235 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 165 80 85 440 215 225
Welsh 85 55 35 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 110 450 220 225
Germanic languages 24,180 11,950 12,230 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 1,675 905 770 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 930 440 485 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 4,255 2,095 2,165 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 55 25 30 475 275 205
German 16,755 8,375 8,375 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 80 40 40 160 70 95
Norwegian 455 175 280 1,450 635 810
Swedish 605 280 325 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 55 55 380 170 215
Yiddish 175 95 80 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 2,310 1,165 1,145 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 108,155 54,950 53,205 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 95,730 48,350 47,380 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 4,960 2,490 2,470 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 8,355 4,065 4,290 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 28,330 14,520 13,810 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 65 45 20 125 80 45
Konkani 370 195 180 625 300 320
Marathi 1,525 795 730 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 2,210 1,220 995 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 150 75 75 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 46,930 23,830 23,100 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 2,605 1,145 1,465 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,360 675 680 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 24,925 12,725 12,200 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 13,295 6,980 6,320 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 950 520 430 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 2,160 1,165 990 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 10,545 5,540 5,005 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 610 525 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 65,685 31,890 33,795 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 70 40 30 170 95 80
Italian 8,880 4,390 4,490 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 4,950 2,430 2,525 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 5,560 2,875 2,690 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 48,635 23,450 25,185 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 250 130 125
Japanese 4,140 1,870 2,270 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 130 75 50 225 130 100
Georgian 130 75 50 230 130 100
Korean 9,895 4,585 5,305 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 655 310 345 800 375 430
Mongolian 650 305 350 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 11,345 5,770 5,575 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,050 560 490 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 15 10 10 60 30 30
Edo 215 130 85 620 325 290
Ewe 70 30 35 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 130 70 55 300 165 135
Ga 85 55 30 345 190 155
Ganda 75 35 45 610 305 305
Igbo 1,420 745 675 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 425 230 195 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 80 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 60 1,155 605 550
Shona 475 205 270 1,810 850 960
Swahili 2,290 1,140 1,150 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 330 195 135 600 365 235
Yoruba 3,265 1,670 1,595 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,050 995 1,060 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,655 765 890 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 785 380 400 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 875 380 490 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 1,495 625 870 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 805 305 505 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 335 375 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 78,975 37,670 41,305 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 77,485 36,945 40,545 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 42,435 20,075 22,360 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 425 185 245 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 38,790 18,285 20,505 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 60 35 25 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,350 990 1,360 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 570 250 320 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,020 1,485 1,535 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,520 735 790 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 345 160 180 605 305 295
Karenic languages 295 145 150 805 415 390
Tibetan 805 405 400 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 60 95 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,325 545 775 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 555 255 300 1,520 730 795
Thai 830 315 515 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 2,525 1,340 1,180 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 350 170 185 630 325 300
Turkish 1,650 940 710 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 135 60 70 290 135 155
Uzbek 245 110 135 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 90 110 355 170 180
Uralic languages 4,540 2,185 2,360 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 110 45 60 185 85 105
Finnish 300 140 165 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 4,120 1,990 2,130 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 770 435 335 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,221,070 609,875 611,195 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,074,380 538,880 535,510 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 242,400 124,240 118,160 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 831,980 414,635 417,340 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 146,685 70,995 75,690 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,221,070 609,875 611,195 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 812,685 411,335 401,350 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 382,575 185,600 196,980 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 63,985 31,855 32,130 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 38,205 18,155 20,055 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 64,705 30,950 33,750 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 126,145 61,265 64,875 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 56,770 27,755 29,010 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 69,375 33,510 35,865 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 89,535 43,370 46,160 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,805 12,940 12,865 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 382,580 185,600 196,980 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 34,915 17,805 17,115 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 64,760 33,690 31,070 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 74,440 34,200 40,240 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 172,630 82,925 89,705 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 35,830 16,980 18,850 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 382,580 185,600 196,980 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 40,965 19,530 21,435 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 1,420 640 780 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 5,545 2,630 2,910 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 2,335 1,180 1,160 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 825 410 415 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 485 260 230 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 2,830 1,280 1,550 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 4,105 2,050 2,055 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 1,075 445 635 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,375 655 720 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,700 4,910 5,790 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 10,255 5,070 5,185 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 72,995 36,510 36,485 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,950 990 955 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 1,225 640 590 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 1,200 585 615 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 5,715 2,730 2,990 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 890 470 425 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 1,845 925 920 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,620 855 765 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,625 1,955 1,670 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 2,915 1,555 1,360 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 6,395 3,015 3,375 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 1,075 480 595 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 4,225 2,125 2,105 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 3,870 1,685 2,190 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,055 530 525 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 2,855 1,310 1,545 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,150 11,435 10,715 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 10,375 5,235 5,140 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 39,195 20,065 19,135 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 745 400 345 1,340 715 625
Egypt 2,840 1,510 1,330 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 5,195 2,565 2,630 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 2,605 1,275 1,330 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 660 340 320 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 7,360 3,825 3,540 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 1,340 635 705 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 2,675 1,410 1,265 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 15,770 8,100 7,670 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 225,895 107,730 118,170 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 3,200 1,715 1,485 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 3,095 1,590 1,510 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,535 15,920 18,610 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,935 5,310 5,620 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 44,215 22,225 21,985 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 5,700 2,930 2,770 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 3,535 1,890 1,645 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 1,485 435 1,055 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 6,975 3,265 3,715 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 4,115 2,180 1,930 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 17,065 8,865 8,195 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 51,430 22,420 29,010 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 1,960 1,010 955 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,150 1,125 1,025 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 2,185 930 1,255 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 14,820 6,915 7,900 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 18,495 8,995 9,495 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,535 1,770 1,755 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 89,530 43,370 46,160 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 8,710 4,380 4,330 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 510 230 280 860 370 490
Colombia 1,230 595 640 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 125 60 65 465 215 255
Haiti 140 90 50 385 240 150
Jamaica 430 220 205 1,660 765 895
Mexico 1,790 955 835 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,875 900 975 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,105 540 560 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 1,505 785 715 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 8,670 4,435 4,230 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 270 155 120 425 240 180
Germany 420 195 225 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 575 365 215 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 420 240 180 715 365 350
Romania 570 285