Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cornwall [Population centre], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cornwall
Ontario
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Cornwall [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Cornwall [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 45,723 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 45,508 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 21,300 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 20,584 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,508.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30.31 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 45,720 21,890 23,835 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 7,105 3,585 3,520 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,455 1,245 1,205 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,455 1,240 1,210 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,205 1,100 1,105 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 27,990 13,630 14,360 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,360 1,215 1,145 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,775 1,375 1,400 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,720 1,330 1,395 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,500 1,215 1,285 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,285 1,110 1,170 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 2,390 1,130 1,260 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 2,485 1,200 1,285 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 3,455 1,665 1,795 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 3,660 1,770 1,885 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 3,355 1,615 1,745 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 10,625 4,675 5,950 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 3,320 1,565 1,750 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 2,370 1,120 1,250 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,900 850 1,050 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,465 635 830 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,575 505 1,070 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 975 345 630 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 440 125 315 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 140 35 105 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.5 16.4 14.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 61.2 62.3 60.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 23.2 21.4 25.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.4 2.3 4.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.3 43.0 45.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 46.6 44.9 48.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 20,580 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,085 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,140 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,315 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,070 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,075 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,795 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,255 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 20,585 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 7,160 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 7,635 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 2,750 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 1,955 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,085 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 44,390 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 38,610 18,300 20,310 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 20,885 10,445 10,435 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 16,135 8,075 8,055 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,750 2,365 2,380 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 17,730 7,855 9,875 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 9,930 5,295 4,635 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,510 635 880 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 2,995 1,225 1,775 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,290 700 2,585 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 12,905 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 7,660 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 2,600 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 1,780 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 865 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 12,905 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 10,160 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 7,790 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,370 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,750 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,210 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 535 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 10,160 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 5,950 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 4,210 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 1,875 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 1,570 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 775 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,745 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,710 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 730 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 305 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,490 4,380 5,105 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 20,580 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 12,490 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,795 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 6,700 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 205 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,885 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 7,160 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 725 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 44,755 21,510 23,240 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 25,500 12,680 12,815 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 395 145 250 1,810 820 985
English and French 18,710 8,620 10,090 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 145 60 90 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 44,750 21,510 23,240 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 34,175 16,685 17,490 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,995 4,540 5,450 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 440 230 215 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 140 55 85 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,215 4,660 5,555 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 21.7 23.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 44,755 21,510 23,240 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 43,550 20,945 22,600 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 40,875 19,630 21,245 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 30,745 15,035 15,710 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 10,130 4,590 5,540 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 2,675 1,320 1,355 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 65 35 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 45 20 25 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 20 20 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,610 1,285 1,330 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 80 70 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 150 80 70 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 140 75 65 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 30 30 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 60 30 30 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 70 15 60 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 10 50 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 400 200 195 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 10 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 380 195 190 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,650 830 825 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 145 70 80 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 5 0 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 145 70 75 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 15 10 5 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 10 5 5 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 60 30 35 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 15 5 10 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 10 5 5 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 5 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 25 10 15 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 285 135 150 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 0 0 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 5 0 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 95 50 45 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 165 75 90 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 0 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 70 45 25 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 805 410 395 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 685 355 330 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 15 15 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 45 25 20 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 20 10 10 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 0 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 50 55 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 460 235 220 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 115 60 55 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 65 35 35 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 325 160 170 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 140 75 65 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 25 5 20 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 35 20 20 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 120 60 65 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 10 5 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 20 5 15 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 5 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 0 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 5 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 60 60 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 120 60 65 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 70 35 30 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 50 15 25 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 75 40 35 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 5 0 0 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 65 35 35 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,200 565 640 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 930 430 500 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 210 100 115 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 25 15 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 44,750 21,510 23,240 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 43,400 20,885 22,510 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 42,060 20,230 21,830 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 37,595 18,250 19,350 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 4,465 1,980 2,480 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,335 655 680 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 20 10 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,315 645 670 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 35 35 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 75 30 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 65 30 35 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 35 20 20 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 10 5 10 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 280 145 135 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 275 145 135 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 770 375 395 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 30 20 15 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 30 15 10 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 5 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 5 5 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10 5 5 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 5 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 0 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 25 10 10 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 5 0 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 20 10 10 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 25 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 565 275 290 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 470 235 240 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 15 10 10 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 25 15 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 15 0 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 20 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 675 330 340
Urdu 360 180 190 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 90 40 50 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 50 25 30 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 40 15 20 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 125 60 65 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 35 20 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 10 0 0 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 20 10 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 65 30 30 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 10 0 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 15 5 10 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 85 45 40 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 85 40 40 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 50 30 25 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 30 15 15 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 20 5 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,355 625 725 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 760 335 430 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 520 255 260 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 44,750 21,510 23,240 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 35,785 17,455 18,330 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,980 1,345 1,635 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 5,015 2,250 2,770 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 860 405 455 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 110 45 60 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 755 355 400 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 30 15 10 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 30 15 15 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 50 25 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 37,290 17,750 19,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 35,830 17,045 18,790 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,714 30,729 23,903 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 35,840 17,040 18,800 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,121 28,328 22,812 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,855 14,170 14,685 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,226 29,993 20,794 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,320 13,335 15,985 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,817 8,996 10,265 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,240 11,530 10,705 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,452 29,291 23,753 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 37,320 17,800 19,520 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 35,845 17,065 18,785 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,991 38,252 30,120 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 35,850 17,065 18,780 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,837 33,106 26,866 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,795 14,170 14,625 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,176 37,139 27,368 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,165 13,225 15,940 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,010 9,562 10,382 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,220 11,495 10,725 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,720 36,218 28,968 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 37,320 17,800 19,520 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,805 5,470 4,330 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 42,225 44,820 40,000 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 49,938 53,692 45,196 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 76.0 80.6 70.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 59.3 63.1 55.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 24.0 19.4 29.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 37,290 17,750 19,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,455 705 745 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 35,830 17,040 18,790 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.0 96.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,610 2,010 2,605 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 8,425 3,395 5,030 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 6,710 2,925 3,780 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 5,060 2,420 2,640 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 3,845 1,990 1,850 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,440 1,390 1,050 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 1,630 990 640 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 955 595 360 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 645 380 265 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 585 295 285 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 930 650 275 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 740 510 235 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 190 140 45 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,285 17,755 19,535 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,445 710 735 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 35,845 17,045 18,795 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,740 2,035 2,710 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 8,745 3,515 5,230 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 7,705 3,475 4,230 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 5,790 2,890 2,900 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 3,775 1,995 1,780 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,175 1,335 835 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,120 695 420 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 810 435 370 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 985 670 315 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 465 285 185 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 195 140 55 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 320 245 75 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 37,290 17,755 19,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 15,050 6,220 8,830 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 22,235 11,530 10,705 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 59.6 64.9 54.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,745 2,020 1,730 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 2,000 895 1,105 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 3,345 1,500 1,850 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 3,100 1,470 1,635 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 3,025 1,500 1,520 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 2,370 1,280 1,090 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 1,490 900 585 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 975 620 360 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 630 390 240 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 1,560 970 595 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 445 255 190 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 480 235 240 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 635 470 160 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 20,585 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 46,604 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 43,285 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,165 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,528 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,498 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 13,425 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,265 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 57,013 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 20,585 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,191 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,956 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,185 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,492 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,614 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 13,405 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,428 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,930 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 20,585 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 240 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 390 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,145 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,475 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,545 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,320 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,355 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,300 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,155 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,075 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,785 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,550 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,305 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,060 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 880 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,010 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,410 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 725 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 585 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 295 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 20,585 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 250 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 395 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,150 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,530 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,720 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,445 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,500 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,415 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,290 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,165 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,050 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,630 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,375 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,015 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 725 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,915 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,045 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 455 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 415 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 12,905 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 62,458 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 57,210 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,660 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,029 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 57,203 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,260 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,643 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 73,370 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,625 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 39,002 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 37,993 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 12,860 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,969 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,336 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 5,630 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,589 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,123 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,230 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,344 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,316 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,615 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,253 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,577 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,595 3,990 4,600 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,529 23,948 23,296 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 22,775 22,903 22,664 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,580 3,985 4,595 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,641 33,832 31,608 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 28,222 28,756 27,759 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 44,395 21,335 23,055 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 30,415 14,320 16,095 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,170 3,370 3,805 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,870 3,530 4,345 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 5,955 2,820 3,135 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 4,920 2,410 2,510 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 4,495 2,200 2,295 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 13,975 7,015 6,960 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 4,030 1,985 2,050 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 3,530 1,790 1,740 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 2,825 1,410 1,415 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 2,235 1,125 1,110 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 1,360 705 655 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 44,395 21,335 23,055 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 8,520 4,325 4,195 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,910 1,485 1,425 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 26,240 12,665 13,575 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 9,630 4,345 5,285 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,585 5,290 6,295 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,170 1,620 1,545 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,315 680 635 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,670 3,050 3,625 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,750 620 1,130 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 26.1 24.8 27.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 37.2 37.5 36.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 45.2 45.8 44.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 25.4 24.1 26.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 18.2 14.3 21.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,390 2,585 2,810 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,345 670 670 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 585 300 285 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,835 1,845 1,990 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 215 65 150 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.1 12.1 12.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.8 15.5 16.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 20.1 20.2 20.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.6 14.6 14.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.5 2.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 44,405 21,395 23,015 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 44,260 21,335 22,925 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 43,870 21,170 22,695 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 18,885 8,630 10,255 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 3,755 1,810 1,950 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 175 100 75 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 25 20 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 135 70 65 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 135 70 65 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,595 1,720 1,875 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 205 85 125 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 205 80 125 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 180 75 105 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 0 15 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 20 20 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 40 20 20 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 90 30 60 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 0 0 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 30 60 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 30 10 20 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 400 225 170 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 15 10 10 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 380 215 170 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 2,495 1,190 1,305 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 180 100 85 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 165 85 85 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 30 20 10 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 25 10 15 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 60 30 30 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 30 15 15 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 15 0 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 35 20 20 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 10 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 395 190 210 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 0 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 10 0 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 105 55 50 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 0 10 465 230 240
German 265 140 125 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 10 0 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 130 75 65 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,100 520 575 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 965 455 510 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 85 45 45 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 65 25 35 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 85 50 40 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 235 125 115 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 760 355 405 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 150 75 75 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 65 35 30 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 80 35 45 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 730 340 390 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 195 105 90 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 40 20 20 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 35 15 20 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 515 235 280 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 15 10 0 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 0 0 0 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 100 30 70 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 40 10 35 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 145 90 55 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 150 90 55 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 90 60 30 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 45 15 30 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 20 0 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 10 0 0 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 40 10 35 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 20 0 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 70 35 35 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 0 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 65 35 35 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 44,405 21,395 23,010 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 43,580 21,045 22,540 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,380 4,315 4,065 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 35,200 16,730 18,470 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 825 345 475 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 44,405 21,395 23,010 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 41,085 19,840 21,250 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,180 1,490 1,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 1,335 635 700 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 345 170 175 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 525 250 275 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 700 300 400 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 395 185 210 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 305 115 190 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 265 125 140 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 140 65 75 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,180 1,485 1,690 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 425 220 210 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 640 290 345 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 755 335 420 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 1,205 575 625 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 155 70 90 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,180 1,490 1,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 565 220 340 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 0 0 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 0 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 0 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 25 10 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 15 10 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 10 0 0 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 20 10 15 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 430 165 265 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 45 25 25 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 1,205 600 600 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 15 10 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 45 20 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 125 60 65 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 75 40 35 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 40 20 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 95 45 50 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 105 55 50 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 35 15 20 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 30 15 15 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 20 0 15 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 0 0 0 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 0 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 480 235 245 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 105 60 45 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 140 65 70 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 10 485 310 175
Egypt 20 15 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 70 30 40 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,250 580 670 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 20 0 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 50 25 20 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 90 40 50 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 10 0 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 125 65 60 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 35 20 15 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 20 0 15 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 0 0 0 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 40 15 25 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 425 190 235 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 100 35 70 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 230 125 105 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 10 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 30 15 20 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 50 20 30 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 15 0 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 265 130 140 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 35 20 15 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 15 20 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 35 20 20 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 20 15 10 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0 0 0 1,735 620