Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton
Alberta
[Population centre]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,062,643 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 935,361 r ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 436,072 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 408,474 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,855.5 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 572.69 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,062,630 529,160 533,475 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 189,385 96,675 92,705 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 67,160 34,170 32,995 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 64,905 33,095 31,810 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 57,315 29,415 27,905 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 741,065 373,755 367,305 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 59,595 30,630 28,970 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 76,985 38,935 38,050 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 92,100 46,790 45,315 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 92,485 46,810 45,675 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 81,310 41,230 40,085 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 72,120 36,460 35,665 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 68,330 34,420 33,910 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 71,630 35,765 35,865 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 69,135 34,460 34,680 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 57,360 28,260 29,100 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 132,180 58,725 73,460 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 44,235 21,370 22,865 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 29,650 13,740 15,915 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 22,400 10,015 12,385 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 17,375 7,250 10,125 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 18,525 6,340 12,180 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 11,585 4,420 7,165 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,340 1,575 3,765 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,380 310 1,065 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 220 35 180 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.3 17.4 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.7 70.6 68.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 12.4 11.1 13.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.9 37.1 38.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.2 35.5 36.9 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 408,470 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 216,070 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 26,235 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 163,425 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,325 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 39,095 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,265 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 88,640 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,740 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 408,470 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 106,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 134,205 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 66,925 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 60,770 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,760 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,041,915 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 873,250 432,480 440,770 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 493,095 247,635 245,465 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 413,050 207,540 205,515 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 80,045 40,095 39,950 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 380,150 184,845 195,305 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 265,150 146,340 118,805 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 20,705 8,830 11,875 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 54,915 21,960 32,955 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 39,380 7,710 31,665 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 285,250 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 136,500 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 63,455 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 59,040 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 26,260 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 285,250 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 238,610 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 198,600 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 40,010 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,640 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 36,680 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 9,960 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 238,610 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 107,905 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 130,705 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 50,685 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 55,380 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 24,640 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,640 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 28,590 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 12,765 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 5,285 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 201,250 104,730 96,520 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 408,475 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 264,795 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 99,885 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 164,915 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,950 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 133,730 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 106,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 26,920 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 950,200 477,780 472,415 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,570 680 890 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 78,205 36,950 41,255 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 20,060 8,045 12,015 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,002,275 501,090 501,185 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 21,640 11,245 10,400 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 6,555 3,350 3,200 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 19,565 7,775 11,795 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 24,915 12,920 12,000 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,018,575 508,110 510,465 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 722,350 364,530 357,820 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 701,590 353,735 347,860 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 20,760 10,795 9,965 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 296,220 143,580 152,640 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 2,055 765 1,285 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 1,650 620 1,030 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 35 10 25 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,530 580 950 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 0 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 15 10 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 310 105 210 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 20 10 10 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 135 55 80 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 1,045 405 640 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 5 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 25 55 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 75 25 50 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 5 190 85 105
Carrier 5 0 5 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 5 0 660 295 360
Dene 130 45 85 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 20 5 15 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 35 15 25 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 10 0 5 765 365 400
South Slavey 20 5 10 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 5 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 5 0 5 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 5 75 35 40
Inuit languages 50 15 35 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 25 10 15 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 30 15 15 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 90 30 55 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 45 15 30 1,215 570 635
Stoney 45 15 30 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 5 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 5 5 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 5 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 294,170 142,815 151,350 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,850 16,095 14,760 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 130 70 60 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 75 40 30 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 7,900 3,965 3,935 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 245 140 105 805 455 350
Oromo 1,125 580 540 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 6,510 3,235 3,275 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 365 195 170
Semitic languages 22,755 12,015 10,740 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 2,495 1,210 1,290 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 17,155 9,165 7,990 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 40 35 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 15 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 170 90 85 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 395 215 180 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 25 10 10 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 2,320 1,220 1,100 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,460 4,365 5,095 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 750 355 395 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 8,705 4,010 4,695 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 39,730 17,365 22,365 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 100 50 55 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,835 775 1,060 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 50 25 20 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 505 225 280 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,745 745 1,000 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 10 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 485 215 270 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 315 150 165 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 110 45 65 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,220 14,970 19,255 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 125 150 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 985 515 470 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 55 25 30 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 595 330 265 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 340 155 180 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 6,550 3,410 3,140 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 200 100 100 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 3,335 1,720 1,620 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 2,075 1,095 975 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 915 485 430 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 139,345 69,005 70,340 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 760 410 345 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 165 80 85 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 31,195 14,505 16,695 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 285 125 160 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 130 60 70 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 155 65 90 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 30,915 14,380 16,535 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 35 15 15 810 385 430
Bosnian 695 350 345 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 450 230 215 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,890 990 905 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 770 380 390 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 175 90 85 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 8,495 3,965 4,530 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 5,255 2,440 2,810 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,735 875 860 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 505 245 255 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 250 115 135 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 10,235 4,460 5,775 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 100 60 40 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 10 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,495 7,255 8,240 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 440 235 210 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 555 265 290 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 3,010 1,450 1,560 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 65 40 25 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 10,890 5,030 5,865 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 30 15 20 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 170 70 95 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 215 95 115 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 30 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 55 30 25 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 1,000 540 460 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 61,955 31,800 30,155 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 55,480 28,405 27,070 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 2,300 1,210 1,085 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5,650 2,930 2,720 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 8,190 4,115 4,075 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 20 10 5 565 300 265
Konkani 150 80 70 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 525 270 255 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,950 1,020 930 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,615 13,660 12,955 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 920 425 490 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,235 635 590 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 7,860 4,015 3,850 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 6,205 3,250 2,955 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 745 410 330 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 635 330 300 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 4,825 2,505 2,320 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 145 130 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 28,665 14,350 14,315 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 25 15 15 865 440 425
Italian 4,595 2,260 2,335 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 4,210 2,045 2,165 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 2,415 1,205 1,210 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 17,410 8,830 8,585 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 720 380 340
Japanese 995 325 670 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 1,715 910 805
Georgian 60 35 25 1,715 910 805
Korean 6,095 2,900 3,195 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 80 35 45 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 75 35 45 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 7,080 3,580 3,500 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 855 445 410 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 20 10 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 135 65 65 1,670 770 900
Ewe 120 70 45 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 65 35 30 920 445 470
Ganda 200 100 100 1,295 625 665
Igbo 305 165 145 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 155 80 80 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 195 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 520 255 270 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 1,220 590 625 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 135 85 45 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 675 380 300 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,555 735 820 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 740 375 360 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 335 175 165 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 410 210 200 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 315 160 155 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 150 70 85 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 160 90 75 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,070 22,265 24,810 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 46,385 21,900 24,490 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 22,360 10,460 11,900 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 610 285 320 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 19,570 9,305 10,265 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 70 30 40 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,230 560 665 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 230 120 120 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,290 1,130 1,160 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 690 365 320 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 135 70 60 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 430 230 195 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 20 15 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 50 55 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 945 365 580 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 370 185 190 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 560 180 385 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 80 35 55
Turkic languages 2,015 1,125 890 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 115 70 45 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,690 935 755 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 55 35 20 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 110 60 45 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,615 765 850 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 35 15 20 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 185 75 110 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,390 675 715 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 125 90 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 31,455 15,340 16,120 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,140 1,545 1,600 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 26,595 12,940 13,655 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,135 565 575 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 580 295 285 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 982,250 490,335 491,925 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 814,680 408,025 406,655 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 805,715 403,460 402,255 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 8,965 4,570 4,395 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 167,575 82,305 85,265 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 420 190 230 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 350 165 190 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 10 5 5 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 15 10 5 110 55 60
Plains Cree 50 25 30 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 20 5 15 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 250 120 135 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 10 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 5 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 10 5 10 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 5 0 5 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 30 10 15 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 5 5 255 140 120
Stoney 15 5 5 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 167,155 82,115 85,040 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,215 10,255 9,960 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 95 45 50 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 50 25 25 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 5,845 2,930 2,920 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 210 120 90 620 330 285
Oromo 885 450 435 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 4,740 2,350 2,385 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 185 85 95
Semitic languages 14,250 7,265 6,985 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 1,695 805 890 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 10,485 5,390 5,090 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 25 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 5 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 110 55 60 735 335 400
Hebrew 190 100 90 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 10 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 1,655 855 795 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,175 2,850 3,325 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 385 185 205 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 5,785 2,670 3,115 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 21,440 10,075 11,370 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 15 5 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 785 380 405 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 25 15 15 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 185 85 105 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 580 275 305 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 5 435 220 210
Malay 130 60 65 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 25 10 15 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,470 9,135 10,335 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 560 285 280 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 370 195 175 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 4,285 2,210 2,075 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 75 35 40 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 2,265 1,165 1,105 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,385 730 650 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 555 280 280 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 71,665 35,925 35,745 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 365 195 170 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 75 40 35 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 12,045 5,850 6,195 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 115 50 60 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 45 20 25 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 65 35 35 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 11,940 5,795 6,140 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 300 150 145 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 280 140 140 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 880 450 430 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 240 125 115 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 85 45 40 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,535 1,655 1,875 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,045 1,500 1,545 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 965 485 485 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 55 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 130 60 65 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 25 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 2,275 1,085 1,195 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 2,010 960 1,045 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 210 110 105 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 35 15 20 855 410 445
Dutch 170 85 90 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 5 185 95 90
German 1,495 705 790 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 10 5 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 55 25 30 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 340 175 170 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 41,860 21,245 20,615 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 37,795 19,195 18,605 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,435 740 695 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,605 1,830 1,775 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 4,955 2,520 2,435 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 40 20 15 720 355 370
Marathi 325 165 155 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,365 715 650 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,905 10,125 9,775 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 450 225 230 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 745 390 360 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 4,930 2,445 2,490 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 3,950 2,000 1,945 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 370 195 175 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 410 220 195 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,585 1,580 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 14,960 7,460 7,500 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 10 5 10 355 165 190
Italian 1,370 620 745 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,820 865 955 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,310 650 655 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 10,445 5,315 5,130 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 180 85 95
Japanese 450 180 270 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 1,040 565 475
Georgian 50 30 25 1,035 565 475
Korean 4,435 2,180 2,260 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 910 440 470
Mongolian 50 25 30 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 2,875 1,385 1,490 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 425 205 225 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 35 20 15 415 175 240
Ewe 40 25 20 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 25 825 400 425
Ga 15 10 5 250 105 140
Ganda 75 35 45 345 160 185
Igbo 85 35 45 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 20 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 190 90 100 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 145 140 1,530 670 865
Shona 200 90 110 1,035 475 560
Swahili 585 275 310 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 90 45 40 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 270 140 130 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 485 220 265 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 370 190 180 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 205 110 90 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 405 235 170 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 170 85 80 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 145 90 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,925 15,150 16,780 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 31,395 14,875 16,525 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 14,585 6,745 7,835 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 210 90 120 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 14,495 7,035 7,460 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 15 5 10 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 545 235 310 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 65 60 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,415 695 720 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 530 275 250 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 90 50 40 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 355 190 165 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 20 15 10 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 440 210 230 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 185 90 95 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 255 120 140 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,275 685 590 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 55 30 20 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,105 590 520 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 30 20 15 610 315 290
Uzbek 70 35 35 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 460 220 245 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 25 10 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 430 210 225 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 67,775 33,120 34,660 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,300 1,155 1,145 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 63,660 31,070 32,580 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 560 270 290 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,265 625 640 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 870,080 435,560 434,525 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 75,345 37,690 37,655 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 11,470 5,390 6,075 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 89,650 43,040 46,615 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 1,840 720 1,120 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 87,815 42,320 45,500 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 670 345 325 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,815 940 875 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 955 465 485 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 40 25 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 852,860 423,585 429,270 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 811,615 403,260 408,355 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,024 53,561 34,452 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 811,770 403,290 408,480 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,254 46,086 31,480 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 752,745 383,200 369,545 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,683 53,222 33,438 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 487,620 198,705 288,915 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,730 2,932 4,028 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 657,605 343,235 314,370 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,881 53,827 35,291 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 852,995 423,740 429,250 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 811,950 403,325 408,625 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,230 73,693 44,955 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 812,130 403,360 408,770 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,426 58,795 38,195 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 752,945 383,070 369,870 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,300 74,007 44,069 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 486,940 198,235 288,705 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,069 6,925 7,168 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,655 342,600 315,055 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,430 68,547 43,255 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 852,990 423,745 429,250 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 306,500 173,705 132,800 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,938 72,450 55,329 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,896 87,968 62,413 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.8 95.4 88.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.2 79.3 73.7 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.2 4.6 11.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 852,855 423,590 429,270 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 41,245 20,325 20,920 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 811,615 403,265 408,355 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.2 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 100,185 39,225 60,965 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 103,365 40,100 63,270 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 96,250 37,655 58,600 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 81,605 35,220 46,385 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 78,880 36,550 42,335 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 34,955 35,440 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 58,550 32,055 26,485 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 46,640 27,735 18,905 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 36,700 22,520 14,180 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 31,325 19,160 12,160 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 107,710 78,085 29,630 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 71,420 49,705 21,710 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 36,295 28,380 7,915 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 852,855 423,590 429,270 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 41,090 20,300 20,790 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 811,770 403,290 408,480 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 102,355 39,795 62,560 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 108,050 42,050 65,995 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 111,125 44,180 66,945 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 102,575 46,140 56,435 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 98,135 48,065 50,070 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 78,785 43,280 35,515 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 57,785 34,785 23,005 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 43,805 27,025 16,780 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 109,145 77,970 31,180 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 32,800 21,185 11,615 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 21,290 14,790 6,500 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 55,055 41,990 13,060 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 852,855 423,585 429,270 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 195,250 80,355 114,895 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 657,605 343,235 314,375 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 77.1 81.0 73.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 64,985 28,815 36,165 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 43,115 17,945 25,165 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 73,260 30,900 42,360 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 61,955 26,065 35,890 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 61,195 27,585 33,610 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 61,490 29,050 32,440 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 57,085 28,580 28,510 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 47,390 26,480 20,910 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 39,015 23,790 15,225 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 148,120 104,030 44,095 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 31,320 19,765 11,555 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 28,030 17,295 10,735 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 88,770 66,970 21,800 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 408,475 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,874 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,855 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 106,810 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,672 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,081 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 301,665 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,071 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,804 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 408,555 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 117,711 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,262 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 106,875 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,823 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,778 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 301,680 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 137,865 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,729 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 408,470 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,240 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,875 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,395 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,355 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,875 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,430 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,585 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,640 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,960 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,545 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,825 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 25,770 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,265 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,225 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 183,010 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,970 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,495 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,450 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 46,100 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 408,475 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,555 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,930 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,525 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,765 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,445 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,420 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,795 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,300 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,040 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,570 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,560 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 32,260 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,600 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,800 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,525 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 143,405 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 51,275 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,990 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 57,140 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 282,440 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,047 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,897 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 97,695 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,965 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,275 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 130,990 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,410 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,892 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 42,780 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,843 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,514 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 282,220 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 138,209 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,697 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 97,700 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 135,498 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,227 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 131,105 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 161,470 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,176 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,490 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,488 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,522 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 170,210 90,315 79,890 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,481 46,599 38,381 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,563 40,384 34,607 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 170,225 90,355 79,875 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,381 57,946 48,217 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,196 47,142 40,863 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,041,915 520,080 521,830 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 403,965 194,720 209,245 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 80,300 39,225 41,075 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 73,410 33,680 39,730 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 77,050 36,645 40,410 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 82,595 40,425 42,170 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 90,610 44,750 45,860 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 637,950 325,360 312,590 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 98,120 48,665 49,450 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 106,520 53,600 52,920 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 120,710 61,490 59,220 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 141,440 72,395 69,050 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 171,160 89,210 81,950 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,041,915 520,085 521,835 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 223,455 114,220 109,230 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 80,150 40,800 39,350 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 699,620 351,345 348,275 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 118,845 54,510 64,335 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 104,820 49,430 55,385 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 32,950 16,885 16,065 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,755 6,540 6,215 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 62,610 29,240 33,370 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 9,260 3,310 5,950 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.1 9.5 10.6 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7 14.8 14.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 16.0 15.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.3 9.6 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 95,835 46,655 49,180 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 26,675 13,630 13,050 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 10,340 5,290 5,050 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 64,000 31,085 32,915 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 5,160 1,945 3,210 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 11.9 11.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.9 13.0 12.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 8.8 9.5 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.6 5.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,042,145 520,150 522,000 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,022,335 512,215 510,120 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,020,840 511,585 509,250 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 79,270 37,370 41,900 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 372,490 181,415 191,075 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 3,730 1,500 2,230 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 3,165 1,220 1,945 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 35 10 30 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 3,015 1,165 1,850 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 20 10 15 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 890 335 555 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 230 100 130 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,845 710 1,135 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 130 45 90 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 125 40 85 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 280 115 165 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 280 115 165 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 10 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 25 0 15 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 10 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 180 70 115 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 20 20 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 30 20 10 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 15 10 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 10 10 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 10 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 10 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 10 10 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 60 25 30 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 30 10 20 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 20 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 50 25 20 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 25 10 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 10 0 10 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 10 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 155 85 70 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 75 45 30 1,760 870 890
Stoney 85 45 40 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 10 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 15 10 10 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 368,890 179,980 188,910 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,015 22,805 21,205 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 205 105 95 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 85 45 40 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 9,780 4,980 4,800 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 240 140 100 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,205 645 555 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 8,385 4,215 4,165 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 480 220 265
Semitic languages 35,215 18,350 16,860 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 4,080 2,070 2,005 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 27,545 14,495 13,055 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 40 30 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 20 10 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 240 100 140 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,425 750 680 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 60 30 30 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 3,130 1,585 1,540 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 60 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,605 5,885 6,725 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,080 510 565 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 11,580 5,400 6,180 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 49,920 21,975 27,945 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 60 30 30 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 2,385 1,070 1,315 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 135 90 50 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 510 210 300 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,325 970 1,350 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 15 10 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,125 515 610 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 480 215 270 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 165 70 95 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 47,350 20,780 26,575 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 105 30 70 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 405 165 240 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 2,050 1,100 950 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,210 670 540 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 730 370 365 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 8,655 4,555 4,100 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 370 175 195 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 4,395 2,255 2,140 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 3,045 1,655 1,385 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,345 720 630 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 178,535 88,710 89,825 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 880 485 390 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 190 75 115 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 36,175 17,025 19,155 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 510 240 270 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 230 110 125 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 280 135 150 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 35,885 16,885 19,000 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 95 50 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,105 540 570 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 525 260 260 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 2,655 1,455 1,195 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 880 395 490 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 225 100 125 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 10,220 4,980 5,235 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 8,580 4,055 4,525 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,370 1,145 1,230 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 220 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 620 345 275 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 135 130 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 12,650 5,395 7,250 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 380 220 160 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 140 65 70 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 80 50 35 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 160 100 65 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 22,075 10,825 11,245 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 975 495 475 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 595 270 330 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 3,535 1,715 1,820 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 65 45 20 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 16,365 8,120 8,240 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 45 20 30 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 390 155 235 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 480 250 230 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 35 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 65 35 30 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,415 685 725 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 76,510 39,445 37,065 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 69,940 35,975 33,965 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 2,790 1,475 1,315 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 7,415 3,690 3,725 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 26,705 13,935 12,775 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 45 30 20 905 490 420
Konkani 160 70 95 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 825 455 365 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,935 1,045 885 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,665 17,875 16,790 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 1,720 795 930 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,740 885 845 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 11,960 6,215 5,745 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 7,070 3,715 3,355 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 830 510 325 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 810 440 370 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 5,650 2,915 2,740 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 245 205 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 45,070 22,115 22,955 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 75 45 35 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 7,785 3,865 3,920 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 5,570 2,745 2,830 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 2,920 1,495 1,420 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 30,305 14,750 15,555 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,330 1,015 1,320 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 65 25 35 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 60 25 40 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 6,785 3,205 3,575 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 145 65 85 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 145 65 85 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 12,765 6,480 6,280 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,390 690 700 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 25 15 15 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 240 110 130 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 150 85 70 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 185 100 90 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 425 210 220 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 600 330 270 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 710 350 365 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 585 275 305 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 905 480 430 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 895 440 450 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 3,405 1,810 1,595 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 225 130 90 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 1,580 825 755 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,195 1,575 1,630 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 920 450 470 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 565 260 305 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 190 165 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,265 900 1,370 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,350 480 870 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 930 415 510 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,115 26,130 27,985 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 53,310 25,710 27,600 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 28,305 13,535 14,775 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 685 300 385 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 27,655 13,200 14,455 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 20 10 15 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,565 705 860 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 260 120 140 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,175 1,160 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 825 430 395 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 235 120 115 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 455 230 220 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 45 25 20 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 485 715 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 535 250 290 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 760 255 505 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,835 1,555 1,280 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 240 130 115 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 2,315 1,290 1,030 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 145 65 75 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 150 80 70 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,035 965 1,065 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 30 20 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 355 135 210 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,655 810 840 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 675 395 285 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,042,145 520,150 521,995 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 916,660 457,820 458,840 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 202,750 103,600 99,150 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 713,910 354,220 359,690 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 125,485 62,335 63,155 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,042,145 520,150 521,995 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 727,520 365,455 362,070 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 288,100 140,870 147,235 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 53,865 26,830 27,035 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 31,835 15,605 16,225 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 44,470 20,895 23,575 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 83,430 41,000 42,420 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 34,750 16,925 17,825 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 48,675 24,080 24,595 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 74,510 36,535 37,980 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 26,525 13,830 12,695 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 288,105 140,870 147,235 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 26,685 13,855 12,835 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 48,915 25,285 23,625 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 59,330 27,165 32,165 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 129,000 63,305 65,690 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 24,175 11,265 12,915 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 288,105 140,870 147,235 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 28,480 13,780 14,700 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 735 305 435 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 2,515 1,280 1,235 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,985 1,530 1,460 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,330 605 730 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 510 280 230 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,615 1,185 1,430 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 2,195 1,105 1,095 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 500 195 305 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,495 740 755 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,015 3,330 3,685 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 6,575 3,235 3,345 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 55,875 27,655 28,225 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,835 935 905 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,350 720 630 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 640 280 360 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 5,555 2,745 2,815 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 590 335 255 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 860 435 425 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,330 700 635 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 3,265 1,715 1,545 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,740 1,490 1,255 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 7,225 3,475 3,750 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 2,355 1,165 1,190 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 2,245 1,140 1,105 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,075 895 1,180 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 835 370 460 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,595 1,560 2,030 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,230 6,740 6,490 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 6,155 2,950 3,205 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 36,040 18,620 17,420 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 360 190 175 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 1,995 1,125 870 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 4,000 2,040 1,955 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,890 960 925 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 790 485 300 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 3,135 1,670 1,460 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 4,580 2,250 2,330 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,975 935 1,040 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 17,325 8,960 8,365 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 163,770 78,875 84,900 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 1,470 760 710 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 1,590 805 790 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 19,320 8,875 10,450 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,255 3,530 3,730 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 37,570 19,190 18,380 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,620 1,380 1,235 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 2,060 1,115 945 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 625 170 455 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,695 2,205 2,490 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 4,850 2,620 2,225 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 8,040 4,115 3,925 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 42,790 18,875 23,915 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 2,040 1,010 1,030 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,015 1,090 920 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 980 430 550 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 10,250 4,790 5,455 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 15,615 7,910 7,700 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,930 1,940 1,990 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,510 36,530 37,980 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 5,380 2,550 2,825 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 260 110 150 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 530 225 305 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 200 90 115 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 175 95 75 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 630 275 355 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 885 470 415 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,310 605 705 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 220 85 135 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 1,170 605 560 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 6,520 3,335 3,180 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 95 50 45 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 415 240 175 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 490 305 185 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data f