Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton
Alberta
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Edmonton [Population centre], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,062,643 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 935,361 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.6 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 436,072 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 408,474 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,855.5 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 572.69 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,062,630 529,160 533,475 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 189,385 96,675 92,705 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 67,160 34,170 32,995 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 64,905 33,095 31,810 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 57,315 29,415 27,905 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 741,065 373,755 367,305 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 59,595 30,630 28,970 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 76,985 38,935 38,050 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 92,100 46,790 45,315 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 92,485 46,810 45,675 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 81,310 41,230 40,085 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 72,120 36,460 35,665 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 68,330 34,420 33,910 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 71,630 35,765 35,865 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 69,135 34,460 34,680 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 57,360 28,260 29,100 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 132,180 58,725 73,460 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 44,235 21,370 22,865 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 29,650 13,740 15,915 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 22,400 10,015 12,385 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 17,375 7,250 10,125 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 18,525 6,340 12,180 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 11,585 4,420 7,165 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 5,340 1,575 3,765 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,380 310 1,065 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 220 35 180 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.3 17.4 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 69.7 70.6 68.9 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 12.4 11.1 13.8 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.3 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.9 37.1 38.7 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.2 35.5 36.9 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 408,470 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 216,070 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 26,235 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 163,425 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,325 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 39,095 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,265 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 88,640 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,740 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 408,470 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 106,810 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 134,205 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 66,925 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 60,770 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,760 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,041,915 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 873,250 432,480 440,770 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 493,095 247,635 245,465 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 413,050 207,540 205,515 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 80,045 40,095 39,950 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 380,150 184,845 195,305 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 265,150 146,340 118,805 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 20,705 8,830 11,875 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 54,915 21,960 32,955 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 39,380 7,710 31,665 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 285,250 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 136,500 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 63,455 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 59,040 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 26,260 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 285,250 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 238,610 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 198,600 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 40,010 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,640 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 36,680 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 9,960 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 238,610 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 107,905 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 130,705 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 50,685 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 55,380 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 24,640 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,640 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 28,590 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 12,765 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 5,285 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 201,250 104,730 96,520 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 408,475 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 264,795 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 99,885 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 164,915 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,950 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 133,730 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 106,810 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 26,920 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 950,200 477,780 472,415 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 1,570 680 890 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 78,205 36,950 41,255 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 20,060 8,045 12,015 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 1,002,275 501,090 501,185 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 21,640 11,245 10,400 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 6,555 3,350 3,200 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 19,565 7,775 11,795 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 24,915 12,920 12,000 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 1,018,575 508,110 510,465 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 722,350 364,530 357,820 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 701,590 353,735 347,860 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 20,760 10,795 9,965 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 296,220 143,580 152,640 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 2,055 765 1,285 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 1,650 620 1,030 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 35 10 25 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,530 580 950 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 5 0 5 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 10 10 50 15 35
Plains Cree 310 105 210 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 10 50 20 35
Woods Cree 135 55 80 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 1,045 405 640 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 30 15 15
Malecite 5 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 25 55 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 75 25 50 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 5 35 15 15
Carrier 5 0 5 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 5 0 5 0 0
Dene 130 45 85 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 20 5 15 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 35 15 25 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 10 0 5 10 5 10
South Slavey 20 5 10 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 15 35 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 25 5 10
Inuktitut 25 10 15 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 30 15 15 80 45 35
Salish languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 90 30 55 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 45 15 30 350 165 185
Stoney 45 15 30 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 5 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 294,170 142,815 151,350 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,850 16,095 14,760 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 130 70 60 340 190 145
Kabyle 75 40 30 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 7,900 3,965 3,935 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 245 140 105 315 185 130
Oromo 1,125 580 540 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 6,510 3,235 3,275 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 40 20 20
Semitic languages 22,755 12,015 10,740 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 2,495 1,210 1,290 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 17,155 9,165 7,990 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 40 35 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 15 145 80 65
Harari 170 90 85 260 135 120
Hebrew 395 215 180 960 505 460
Maltese 25 10 10 75 30 40
Tigrigna 2,320 1,220 1,100 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,460 4,365 5,095 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 750 355 395 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 8,705 4,010 4,695 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 39,730 17,365 22,365 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 100 50 55 425 205 225
Cebuano 1,835 775 1,060 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 50 25 20 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 505 225 280 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 1,745 745 1,000 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 10 0 5 35 10 25
Malay 485 215 270 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 315 150 165 765 370 390
Pangasinan 110 45 65 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,220 14,970 19,255 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 125 150 980 430 550
Creole languages 985 515 470 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 55 25 30 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 595 330 265 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 340 155 180 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 6,550 3,410 3,140 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 200 100 100 535 270 265
Malayalam 3,335 1,720 1,620 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 2,075 1,095 975 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 915 485 430 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 139,345 69,005 70,340 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 760 410 345 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 165 80 85 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 31,195 14,505 16,695 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 285 125 160 1,010 475 535
Latvian 130 60 70 415 195 220
Lithuanian 155 65 90 600 285 315
Slavic languages 30,915 14,380 16,535 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 35 15 15 65 30 30
Bosnian 695 350 345 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 450 230 215 1,545 790 755
Croatian 1,890 990 905 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 770 380 390 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 175 90 85 360 185 175
Polish 8,495 3,965 4,530 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 5,255 2,440 2,810 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 1,735 875 860 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 970 480 485
Slovak 505 245 255 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 250 115 135 695 320 370
Ukrainian 10,235 4,460 5,775 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 215 120 100
Celtic languages 100 60 40 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 135 70 65
Welsh 25 10 10 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 15,495 7,255 8,240 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 440 235 210 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 555 265 290 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 3,010 1,450 1,560 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 65 40 25 360 200 160
German 10,890 5,030 5,865 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 30 15 20 115 55 60
Norwegian 170 70 95 815 370 445
Swedish 215 95 115 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 20 30 320 150 170
Yiddish 55 30 25 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 1,000 540 460 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 61,955 31,800 30,155 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 55,480 28,405 27,070 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 2,300 1,210 1,085 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 5,650 2,930 2,720 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 8,190 4,115 4,075 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 20 10 5 105 60 50
Konkani 150 80 70 370 190 185
Marathi 525 270 255 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,950 1,020 930 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,615 13,660 12,955 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 920 425 490 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,235 635 590 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 7,860 4,015 3,850 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 6,205 3,250 2,955 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 745 410 330 1,550 845 705
Pashto 635 330 300 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 4,825 2,505 2,320 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 145 130 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 28,665 14,350 14,315 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 25 15 15 75 30 45
Italian 4,595 2,260 2,335 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 4,210 2,045 2,165 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 2,415 1,205 1,210 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 17,410 8,830 8,585 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 35 20 15
Japanese 995 325 670 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 230 130 105
Georgian 60 35 25 230 130 100
Korean 6,095 2,900 3,195 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 80 35 45 545 255 290
Mongolian 75 35 45 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 7,080 3,580 3,500 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 855 445 410 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 20 10 5 35 20 15
Edo 135 65 65 275 155 120
Ewe 120 70 45 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 230 120 100
Ga 65 35 30 145 80 65
Ganda 200 100 100 280 145 135
Igbo 305 165 145 1,165 625 540
Lingala 155 80 80 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 195 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 805 405 400
Shona 520 255 270 1,100 545 555
Swahili 1,220 590 625 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 135 85 45 280 165 110
Yoruba 675 380 300 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,555 735 820 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 740 375 360 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 335 175 165 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 410 210 200 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 315 160 155 830 440 390
American Sign Language 150 70 85 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 160 90 75 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,070 22,265 24,810 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 46,385 21,900 24,490 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 22,360 10,460 11,900 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 610 285 320 990 465 530
Mandarin 19,570 9,305 10,265 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 70 30 40 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,230 560 665 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 230 120 120 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,290 1,130 1,160 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 690 365 320 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 135 70 60 430 230 200
Karenic languages 430 230 195 795 415 380
Tibetan 20 15 10 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 50 55 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 945 365 580 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 370 185 190 1,020 485 535
Thai 560 180 385 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 20 10 15
Turkic languages 2,015 1,125 890 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 115 70 45 365 215 155
Turkish 1,690 935 755 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 55 35 20 130 70 60
Uzbek 110 60 45 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 215 95 120
Uralic languages 1,615 765 850 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 35 15 20 190 90 105
Finnish 185 75 110 810 330 480
Hungarian 1,390 675 715 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 125 90 690 415 280
Multiple responses 31,455 15,340 16,120 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 3,140 1,545 1,600 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 26,595 12,940 13,655 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 1,135 565 575 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 580 295 285 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 982,250 490,335 491,925 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 814,680 408,025 406,655 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 805,715 403,460 402,255 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 8,965 4,570 4,395 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 167,575 82,305 85,265 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 420 190 230 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 350 165 190 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 10 5 5 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 10 5 20 10 10
Plains Cree 50 25 30 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 20 5 15 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 250 120 135 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 5 10 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 30 10 15 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 10 5 5 175 85 85
Stoney 15 5 5 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 167,155 82,115 85,040 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,215 10,255 9,960 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 95 45 50 200 105 95
Kabyle 50 25 25 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 5,845 2,930 2,920 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 210 120 90 280 160 115
Oromo 885 450 435 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 4,740 2,350 2,385 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 5 10
Semitic languages 14,250 7,265 6,985 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 1,695 805 890 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 10,485 5,390 5,090 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 25 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 5 95 50 40
Harari 110 55 60 165 80 85
Hebrew 190 100 90 460 235 225
Maltese 10 5 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 1,655 855 795 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,175 2,850 3,325 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 385 185 205 960 460 500
Vietnamese 5,785 2,670 3,115 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 21,440 10,075 11,370 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 15 5 5 70 40 35
Cebuano 785 380 405 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 25 15 15 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 185 85 105 470 215 255
Ilocano 580 275 305 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 5 5 5 20 10 10
Malay 130 60 65 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 220 110 110
Pangasinan 25 10 15 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,470 9,135 10,335 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 280 120 155
Creole languages 560 285 280 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 370 195 175 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 4,285 2,210 2,075 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 75 35 40 210 105 105
Malayalam 2,265 1,165 1,105 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 1,385 730 650 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 555 280 280 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 71,665 35,925 35,745 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 365 195 170 1,060 570 485
Armenian 75 40 35 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 12,045 5,850 6,195 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 115 50 60 410 210 200
Latvian 45 20 25 165 85 80
Lithuanian 65 35 35 250 125 120
Slavic languages 11,940 5,795 6,140 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 10 5
Bosnian 300 150 145 785 400 385
Bulgarian 280 140 140 825 415 405
Croatian 880 450 430 1,800 905 895
Czech 240 125 115 875 440 430
Macedonian 85 45 40 175 90 85
Polish 3,535 1,655 1,875 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 3,045 1,500 1,545 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 965 485 485 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 55 315 160 155
Slovak 130 60 65 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 25 150 70 75
Ukrainian 2,275 1,085 1,195 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 55 30 25
Celtic languages 10 5 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 2,010 960 1,045 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 210 110 105 1,705 835 875
Danish 35 15 20 150 75 75
Dutch 170 85 90 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 0 5 60 30 30
German 1,495 705 790 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 15 10 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 10 5 5 60 20 35
Swedish 55 25 30 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 340 175 170 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 41,860 21,245 20,615 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 37,795 19,195 18,605 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 1,435 740 695 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,605 1,830 1,775 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 4,955 2,520 2,435 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 5 5 0 50 20 25
Konkani 40 20 15 75 40 40
Marathi 325 165 155 845 440 405
Nepali 1,365 715 650 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,905 10,125 9,775 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 450 225 230 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 745 390 360 1,480 750 730
Urdu 4,930 2,445 2,490 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 3,950 2,000 1,945 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 370 195 175 850 440 410
Pashto 410 220 195 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,585 1,580 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 14,960 7,460 7,500 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 10 5 10 35 10 20
Italian 1,370 620 745 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,820 865 955 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 1,310 650 655 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 10,445 5,315 5,130 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 450 180 270 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 160 85 70
Georgian 50 30 25 160 85 70
Korean 4,435 2,180 2,260 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 335 160 175
Mongolian 50 25 30 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 2,875 1,385 1,490 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 425 205 225 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 35 20 15 70 35 35
Ewe 40 25 20 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 25 105 55 45
Ga 15 10 5 40 20 20
Ganda 75 35 45 95 50 50
Igbo 85 35 45 265 125 145
Lingala 35 20 20 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 190 90 100 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 145 140 350 175 170
Shona 200 90 110 410 190 225
Swahili 585 275 310 1,090 530 565
Wolof 90 45 40 170 95 75
Yoruba 270 140 130 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 485 220 265 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 370 190 180 1,525 765 755
Dinka 205 110 90 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 725 350 375
Sign languages 405 235 170 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 170 85 80 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 145 90 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,925 15,150 16,780 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 31,395 14,875 16,525 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 14,585 6,745 7,835 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 210 90 120 315 135 185
Mandarin 14,495 7,035 7,460 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 15 5 10 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 545 235 310 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 65 60 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,415 695 720 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 530 275 250 1,500 770 730
Burmese 90 50 40 280 145 130
Karenic languages 355 190 165 665 340 320
Tibetan 20 15 10 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 440 210 230 1,130 505 625
Lao 185 90 95 465 215 245
Thai 255 120 140 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,275 685 590 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 55 30 20 155 90 75
Turkish 1,105 590 520 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 30 20 15 80 45 40
Uzbek 70 35 35 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 70 35 25
Uralic languages 460 220 245 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 5 5 25 10 15
Finnish 25 10 15 105 50 50
Hungarian 430 210 225 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 240 140 95
Multiple responses 67,775 33,120 34,660 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,300 1,155 1,145 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 63,660 31,070 32,580 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 560 270 290 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 1,265 625 640 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,050,030 523,450 526,580 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 870,080 435,560 434,525 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 75,345 37,690 37,655 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 11,470 5,390 6,075 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 89,650 43,040 46,615 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 1,840 720 1,120 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 87,815 42,320 45,500 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 670 345 325 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 1,815 940 875 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 955 465 485 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 40 25 15 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 852,860 423,585 429,270 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 811,615 403,260 408,355 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,024 53,561 34,452 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 811,770 403,290 408,480 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,254 46,086 31,480 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 752,745 383,200 369,545 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,683 53,222 33,438 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 487,620 198,705 288,915 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,730 2,932 4,028 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 657,605 343,235 314,370 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,881 53,827 35,291 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 852,995 423,740 429,250 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 811,950 403,325 408,625 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,230 73,693 44,955 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 812,130 403,360 408,770 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,426 58,795 38,195 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 752,945 383,070 369,870 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,300 74,007 44,069 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 486,940 198,235 288,705 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,069 6,925 7,168 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,655 342,600 315,055 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,430 68,547 43,255 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 852,990 423,745 429,250 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 306,500 173,705 132,800 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,938 72,450 55,329 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,896 87,968 62,413 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.8 95.4 88.8 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.2 79.3 73.7 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.2 4.6 11.2 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 852,855 423,590 429,270 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 41,245 20,325 20,920 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 811,615 403,265 408,355 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.2 95.1 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 100,185 39,225 60,965 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 103,365 40,100 63,270 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 96,250 37,655 58,600 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 81,605 35,220 46,385 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 78,880 36,550 42,335 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 34,955 35,440 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 58,550 32,055 26,485 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 46,640 27,735 18,905 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 36,700 22,520 14,180 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 31,325 19,160 12,160 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 107,710 78,085 29,630 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 71,420 49,705 21,710 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 36,295 28,380 7,915 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 852,855 423,590 429,270 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 41,090 20,300 20,790 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 811,770 403,290 408,480 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 102,355 39,795 62,560 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 108,050 42,050 65,995 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 111,125 44,180 66,945 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 102,575 46,140 56,435 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 98,135 48,065 50,070 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 78,785 43,280 35,515 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 57,785 34,785 23,005 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 43,805 27,025 16,780 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 109,145 77,970 31,180 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 32,800 21,185 11,615 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 21,290 14,790 6,500 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 55,055 41,990 13,060 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 852,855 423,585 429,270 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 195,250 80,355 114,895 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 657,605 343,235 314,375 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.1 81.0 73.2 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 64,985 28,815 36,165 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 43,115 17,945 25,165 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 73,260 30,900 42,360 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 61,955 26,065 35,890 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 61,195 27,585 33,610 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 61,490 29,050 32,440 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 57,085 28,580 28,510 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 47,390 26,480 20,910 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 39,015 23,790 15,225 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 148,120 104,030 44,095 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 31,320 19,765 11,555 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 28,030 17,295 10,735 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 88,770 66,970 21,800 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 408,475 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,874 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,855 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 106,810 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,672 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,081 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 301,665 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,071 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,804 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 408,555 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 117,711 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,262 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 106,875 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,823 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,778 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 301,680 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 137,865 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,729 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 408,470 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,240 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,875 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,395 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,355 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,875 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,430 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,585 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,640 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,960 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,545 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,825 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 25,770 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,265 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,225 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 183,010 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,970 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,495 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,450 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 46,100 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 408,475 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,555 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,930 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,525 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,765 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,445 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,420 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,795 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,300 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,040 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,570 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,560 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 32,260 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,600 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,800 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,525 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 143,405 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 51,275 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,990 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 57,140 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 282,440 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,047 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,897 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 97,695 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,965 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,275 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 130,990 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,410 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,892 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 42,780 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,843 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,514 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 282,220 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 138,209 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,697 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 97,700 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 135,498 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,227 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 131,105 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 161,470 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,176 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,490 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,488 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,522 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 170,210 90,315 79,890 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,481 46,599 38,381 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,563 40,384 34,607 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 170,225 90,355 79,875 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,381 57,946 48,217 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,196 47,142 40,863 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,041,915 520,080 521,830 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 403,965 194,720 209,245 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 80,300 39,225 41,075 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 73,410 33,680 39,730 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 77,050 36,645 40,410 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 82,595 40,425 42,170 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 90,610 44,750 45,860 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 637,950 325,360 312,590 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 98,120 48,665 49,450 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 106,520 53,600 52,920 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 120,710 61,490 59,220 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 141,440 72,395 69,050 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 171,160 89,210 81,950 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,041,915 520,085 521,835 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 223,455 114,220 109,230 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 80,150 40,800 39,350 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 699,620 351,345 348,275 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 118,845 54,510 64,335 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 104,820 49,430 55,385 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 32,950 16,885 16,065 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 12,755 6,540 6,215 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 62,610 29,240 33,370 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 9,260 3,310 5,950 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.1 9.5 10.6 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7 14.8 14.7 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 16.0 15.8 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.3 9.6 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.2 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 95,835 46,655 49,180 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 26,675 13,630 13,050 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 10,340 5,290 5,050 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 64,000 31,085 32,915 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 5,160 1,945 3,210 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 11.9 11.9 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 12.9 13.0 12.8 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 8.8 9.5 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.6 5.0 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,042,145 520,150 522,000 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 1,022,335 512,215 510,120 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 1,020,840 511,585 509,250 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 79,270 37,370 41,900 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 372,490 181,415 191,075 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 3,730 1,500 2,230 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 3,165 1,220 1,945 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 35 10 30 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 3,015 1,165 1,850 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 20 10 15 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 90 20 70
Plains Cree 890 335 555 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 45 25 25
Woods Cree 230 100 130 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 1,845 710 1,135 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 130 45 90 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 125 40 85 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 280 115 165 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 280 115 165 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 10 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 25 0 15 45 10 35
Chilcotin 10 10 0 20 15 10
Dene 180 70 115 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 20 20 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 30 20 10 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 15 10 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 10 10 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 10 10 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 60 25 30 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 35 10 25
Inuktitut 30 10 20 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 20 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 25 20 145 75 70
Salish languages 25 10 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 10 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 155 85 70 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 75 45 30 530 285 245
Stoney 85 45 40 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 10 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 15 10 10 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 368,890 179,980 188,910 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,015 22,805 21,205 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 205 105 95 540 335 205
Kabyle 85 45 40 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 9,780 4,980 4,800 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 240 140 100 370 235 135
Oromo 1,205 645 555 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 8,385 4,215 4,165 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 55 20 40
Semitic languages 35,215 18,350 16,860 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 4,080 2,070 2,005 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 27,545 14,495 13,055 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 40 30 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 20 10 150 70 75
Harari 240 100 140 340 150 185
Hebrew 1,425 750 680 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 60 30 30 145 85 55
Tigrigna 3,130 1,585 1,540 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 60 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,605 5,885 6,725 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,080 510 565 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 11,580 5,400 6,180 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 49,920 21,975 27,945 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 60 30 30 330 150 180
Cebuano 2,385 1,070 1,315 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 135 90 50 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 510 210 300 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 2,325 970 1,350 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 15 10 10 80 40 40
Malay 1,125 515 610 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 480 215 270 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 165 70 95 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 47,350 20,780 26,575 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 105 30 70 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 405 165 240 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 2,050 1,100 950 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 1,210 670 540 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 730 370 365 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 8,655 4,555 4,100 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 370 175 195 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 4,395 2,255 2,140 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 3,045 1,655 1,385 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 1,345 720 630 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 178,535 88,710 89,825 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 880 485 390 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 190 75 115 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 36,175 17,025 19,155 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 510 240 270 1,360 660 705
Latvian 230 110 125 590 300 290
Lithuanian 280 135 150 775 360 415
Slavic languages 35,885 16,885 19,000 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 95 50 45 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,105 540 570 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 525 260 260 1,795 945 850
Croatian 2,655 1,455 1,195 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 880 395 490 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 225 100 125 535 270 265
Polish 10,220 4,980 5,235 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 8,580 4,055 4,525 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 2,370 1,145 1,230 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 220 1,095 550 540
Slovak 620 345 275 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 135 130 735 360 375
Ukrainian 12,650 5,395 7,250 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 250 120 130
Celtic languages 380 220 160 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 140 65 70 440 215 225
Welsh 80 50 35 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 160 100 65 450 220 225
Germanic languages 22,075 10,825 11,245 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 975 495 475 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 595 270 330 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 3,535 1,715 1,820 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 65 45 20 475 275 205
German 16,365 8,120 8,240 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 45 20 30 160 70 95
Norwegian 390 155 235 1,450 635 810
Swedish 480 250 230 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 35 380 170 215
Yiddish 65 35 30 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 1,415 685 725 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 76,510 39,445 37,065 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 69,940 35,975 33,965 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 2,790 1,475 1,315 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 7,415 3,690 3,725 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 26,705 13,935 12,775 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 45 30 20 125 80 45
Konkani 160 70 95 625 300 320
Marathi 825 455 365 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 1,935 1,045 885 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,665 17,875 16,790 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 1,720 795 930 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,740 885 845 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 11,960 6,215 5,745 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 7,070 3,715 3,355 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 830 510 325 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 810 440 370 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 5,650 2,915 2,740 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 245 205 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 45,070 22,115 22,955 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 75 45 35 170 95 80
Italian 7,785 3,865 3,920 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 5,570 2,745 2,830 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 2,920 1,495 1,420 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 30,305 14,750 15,555 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 250 130 125
Japanese 2,330 1,015 1,320 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 65 25 35 225 130 100
Georgian 60 25 40 230 130 100
Korean 6,785 3,205 3,575 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 145 65 85 800 375 430
Mongolian 145 65 85 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 12,765 6,480 6,280 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,390 690 700 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 25 15 15 60 30 30
Edo 240 110 130 620 325 290
Ewe 150 85 70 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 300 165 135
Ga 185 100 90 345 190 155
Ganda 425 210 220 610 305 305
Igbo 600 330 270 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 710 350 365 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 585 275 305 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 905 480 430 1,155 605 550
Shona 895 440 450 1,810 850 960
Swahili 3,405 1,810 1,595 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 225 130 90 600 365 235
Yoruba 1,580 825 755 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,195 1,575 1,630 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 920 450 470 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 565 260 305 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 190 165 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 2,265 900 1,370 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 1,350 480 870 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 930 415 510 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,115 26,130 27,985 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 53,310 25,710 27,600 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 28,305 13,535 14,775 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 685 300 385 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 27,655 13,200 14,455 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 20 10 15 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,565 705 860 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 260 120 140 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,175 1,160 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 825 430 395 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 235 120 115 605 305 295
Karenic languages 455 230 220 805 415 390
Tibetan 45 25 20 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 485 715 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 535 250 290 1,520 730 795
Thai 760 255 505 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 2,835 1,555 1,280 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 240 130 115 630 325 300
Turkish 2,315 1,290 1,030 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 145 65 75 290 135 155
Uzbek 150 80 70 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 355 170 180
Uralic languages 2,035 965 1,065 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 30 20 15 185 85 105
Finnish 355 135 210 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 1,655 810 840 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 675 395 285 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,042,145 520,150 521,995 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 916,660 457,820 458,840 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 202,750 103,600 99,150 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 713,910 354,220 359,690 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 125,485 62,335 63,155 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,042,145 520,150 521,995 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 727,520 365,455 362,070 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 288,100 140,870 147,235 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 53,865 26,830 27,035 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 31,835 15,605 16,225 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 44,470 20,895 23,575 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 83,430 41,000 42,420 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 34,750 16,925 17,825 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 48,675 24,080 24,595 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 74,510 36,535 37,980 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 26,525 13,830 12,695 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 288,105 140,870 147,235 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 26,685 13,855 12,835 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 48,915 25,285 23,625 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 59,330 27,165 32,165 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 129,000 63,305 65,690 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 24,175 11,265 12,915 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 288,105 140,870 147,235 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 28,480 13,780 14,700 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 735 305 435 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 2,515 1,280 1,235 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 2,985 1,530 1,460 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 1,330 605 730 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 510 280 230 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 2,615 1,185 1,430 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 2,195 1,105 1,095 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 500 195 305 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,495 740 755 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,015 3,330 3,685 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 6,575 3,235 3,345 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 55,875 27,655 28,225 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,835 935 905 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 1,350 720 630 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 640 280 360 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 5,555 2,745 2,815 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 590 335 255 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 860 435 425 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,330 700 635 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,265 1,715 1,545 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 2,740 1,490 1,255 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 7,225 3,475 3,750 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 2,355 1,165 1,190 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 2,245 1,140 1,105 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 2,075 895 1,180 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 835 370 460 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 3,595 1,560 2,030 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,230 6,740 6,490 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 6,155 2,950 3,205 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 36,040 18,620 17,420 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 360 190 175 1,340 715 625
Egypt 1,995 1,125 870 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 4,000 2,040 1,955 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 1,890 960 925 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 790 485 300 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 3,135 1,670 1,460 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 4,580 2,250 2,330 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 1,975 935 1,040 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 17,325 8,960 8,365 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 163,770 78,875 84,900 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 1,470 760 710 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 1,590 805 790 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 19,320 8,875 10,450 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,255 3,530 3,730 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 37,570 19,190 18,380 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,620 1,380 1,235 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 2,060 1,115 945 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 625 170 455 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,695 2,205 2,490 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 4,850 2,620 2,225 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 8,040 4,115 3,925 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 42,790 18,875 23,915 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 2,040 1,010 1,030 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,015 1,090 920 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 980 430 550 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 10,250 4,790 5,455 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 15,615 7,910 7,700 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,930 1,940 1,990 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 74,510 36,530 37,980 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 5,380 2,550 2,825 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 260 110 150 860 370 490
Colombia 530 225 305 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 200 90 115 465 215 255
Haiti 175 95 75 385 240 150
Jamaica 630 275 355 1,660 765 895
Mexico 885 470 415 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,310 605 705 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 220 85 135 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 1,170 605 560 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 6,520 3,335 3,180 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 95 50 45 425 240 180
Germany 415 240 175 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 490 305 185 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 200 90 110 715 365 350
Romania 375 175 200 1,100 545