Census Profile, 2016 Census
Guelph [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Guelph
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Guelph [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Guelph [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 132,397 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 122,457 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,109 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 52,290 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,786.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 74.10 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 132,395 64,425 67,970 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 22,735 11,680 11,050 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,515 3,880 3,635 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,720 3,950 3,770 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,495 3,850 3,645 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 90,340 44,450 45,895 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,135 4,100 4,040 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,140 5,075 5,065 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,850 4,935 4,915 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 9,450 4,645 4,805 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,800 4,335 4,470 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,935 4,305 4,625 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,070 4,445 4,625 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,755 4,875 4,875 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,910 4,290 4,615 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,300 3,455 3,845 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 19,325 8,300 11,025 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,120 2,830 3,290 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,390 1,975 2,415 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,215 1,360 1,860 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,540 1,085 1,455 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,055 1,050 2,005 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,950 765 1,180 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 895 235 655 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 195 45 150 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 0 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.2 18.1 16.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.2 69.0 67.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.6 12.9 16.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.3 38.1 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.0 39.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,735 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,540 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 20,010 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,410 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,250 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,380 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,915 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 14,045 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 17,075 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,500 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,290 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,375 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 130,750 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 109,665 52,745 56,920 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 62,160 30,985 31,175 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 51,420 25,630 25,790 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 10,740 5,355 5,380 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 47,500 21,760 25,745 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 31,860 16,840 15,025 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,285 1,350 1,935 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,565 2,425 4,140 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,790 1,145 4,650 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,525 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,395 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,150 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,980 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,000 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,525 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 30,490 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,115 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,370 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,035 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,835 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,200 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,490 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,800 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 16,685 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,325 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,495 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,865 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,035 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,595 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,825 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 620 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,730 11,055 12,675 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 34,505 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,985 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,515 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 995 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,795 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 14,050 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,750 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 131,440 64,075 67,365 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 117,815 58,475 59,340 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 70 35 40 1,110 530 580
English and French 11,795 4,900 6,895 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,760 670 1,090 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 131,440 64,070 67,365 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 127,520 62,415 65,105 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,655 760 895 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 535 245 290 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,725 650 1,070 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,925 885 1,040 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 131,440 64,075 67,365 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 129,120 62,980 66,140 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 103,305 50,615 52,690 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 101,670 49,860 51,810 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,635 755 885 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 25,815 12,365 13,450 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,805 12,360 13,440 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,390 785 610 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 85 50 35 1,355 675 680
Bilen 15 10 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 165 95 75
Somali 60 30 30 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,305 735 570 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 195 110 80 1,140 560 585
Arabic 760 410 350 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 15 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 40 15 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 275 175 100 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,835 865 965 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 65 80 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,690 805 890 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,820 785 1,035 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 40 45 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 35 10 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 45 20 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 65 30 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,555 675 880 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 25 10 15 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 545 270 280 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 20 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 155 80 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 325 160 170 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 25 10 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 14,535 6,960 7,580 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 60 30 30 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 30 35 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,885 1,310 1,580 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 25 30 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 15 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,830 1,285 1,550 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 75 40 40 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 10 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 175 85 90 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 100 40 60 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 30 10 20 250 120 135
Polish 1,315 580 725 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 270 120 150 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 480 235 240 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30 1,145 545 600
Slovak 60 30 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 15 30 545 250 290
Ukrainian 200 85 115 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 20 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 10 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 0 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,855 860 990 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 20 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 60 30 35 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 710 340 365 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 20 5 10 80 30 50
German 970 435 535 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 25 10 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 220 110 110 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,120 2,580 2,540 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,905 1,980 1,925 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 285 150 130 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 610 310 300 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 360 180 180 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 10 5 225 110 110
Marathi 40 20 25 535 280 255
Nepali 280 135 145 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,565 785 785 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 30 20 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 1,455 730 725
Urdu 560 300 265 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,195 585 605 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 75 40 40 1,650 875 780
Pashto 150 75 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 965 470 495 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,315 2,035 2,285 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,240 1,060 1,180 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 395 195 210 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 285 140 150 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,385 640 745 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 115 45 70 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 260 125 140 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 160 80 80 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 30 15 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 20 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 15 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 40 15 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 20 10 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,480 1,665 1,820 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,475 1,660 1,820 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,170 550 620 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,020 960 1,055 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 65 65 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 60 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 205 85 120 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 150 70 85 800 405 400
Thai 55 15 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 420 200 220 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 65 30 35 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 330 160 170 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 910 435 475 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 20 0 10 455 195 260
Finnish 45 20 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 850 415 435 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,315 1,095 1,220 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 315 135 175 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,900 905 995 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 45 20 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 60 30 25 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 131,435 64,075 67,365 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 126,335 61,595 64,745 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 113,050 55,210 57,840 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 112,505 54,980 57,525 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 545 230 315 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 13,290 6,385 6,905 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,290 6,385 6,905 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 840 450 385 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 30 20 15 695 315 380
Bilen 10 5 5 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 10 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 805 430 375 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 130 70 55 535 250 290
Arabic 425 210 215 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 225 135 85 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,315 625 695 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 45 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,230 585 640 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 775 365 415 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 30 15 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 695 330 370 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 330 160 170 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 10 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 80 45 40 885 450 435
Tamil 205 95 110 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,465 3,065 3,405 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 20 20 530 255 270
Armenian 40 15 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,220 575 640 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 0 10 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,205 575 635 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 55 25 30 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 0 925 425 495
Croatian 55 25 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 20 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 525 245 280 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 155 75 80 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 285 140 150 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 15 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 45 25 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 160 80 80 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 35 20 20 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 110 50 60 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 85 40 45 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,330 1,615 1,710 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,565 1,270 1,295 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 170 85 85 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 405 205 205 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 210 105 100 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 220 105 115 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,110 545 565 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 20 10 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 595 290 305
Urdu 340 170 170 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 755 340 410 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 55 20 30 1,025 515 505
Pashto 65 30 35 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 635 290 340 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,590 710 875 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 630 260 370 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 110 45 65 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 125 65 60 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 715 340 375 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 50 25 30 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 170 80 85 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 40 20 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 25 10 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,430 1,170 1,265 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,430 1,165 1,260 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 775 365 415 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,520 740 775 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 25 30 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 115 50 65 1,015 435 580
Lao 95 45 50 335 160 175
Thai 20 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 250 115 140 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 45 20 25 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 200 90 110 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 420 220 205 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 415 210 205 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,095 2,475 2,620 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 200 90 110 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,780 2,340 2,440 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 15 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 85 35 55 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 131,435 64,075 67,360 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 115,485 56,530 58,950 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,095 3,005 3,090 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,890 780 1,115 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,620 3,580 4,045 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,615 3,580 4,040 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 40 15 25 965 435 530
English and non-official language 170 95 70 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 130 65 65 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 108,040 52,155 55,880 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 104,215 50,275 53,940 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,594 44,797 31,733 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 104,225 50,270 53,955 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,782 39,431 29,100 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,415 47,265 49,150 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,169 44,434 29,025 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,425 31,175 41,250 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,132 1,093 4,429 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,785 41,455 40,330 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,416 45,026 30,621 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 108,060 52,185 55,880 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 104,310 50,280 54,025 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,455 54,817 40,603 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 104,315 50,280 54,035 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,456 44,806 34,478 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,640 47,400 49,240 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,182 54,187 38,475 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,365 31,295 41,070 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,729 5,996 7,288 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,725 41,420 40,300 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,119 53,109 38,936 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 108,065 52,180 55,880 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 41,920 23,575 18,340 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,291 60,696 49,253 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,968 71,293 59,122 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.3 86.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 80.0 70.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.7 14.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 108,040 52,155 55,885 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,830 1,885 1,940 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 104,215 50,270 53,940 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.4 96.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,660 5,780 7,880 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 16,125 6,320 9,805 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,500 5,345 8,160 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,530 5,045 6,485 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 11,615 5,410 6,205 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 9,610 4,980 4,630 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 7,080 3,915 3,165 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,105 3,010 2,095 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,085 2,500 1,590 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,420 1,955 1,460 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 8,485 6,015 2,470 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,865 4,055 1,805 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,620 1,955 660 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 108,040 52,160 55,880 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,815 1,885 1,930 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 104,225 50,275 53,950 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.4 96.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,050 5,875 8,170 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,865 6,625 10,240 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,730 6,395 9,335 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 14,765 6,710 8,055 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 13,560 6,800 6,760 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 9,330 5,120 4,210 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,550 3,905 2,640 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,875 2,890 1,990 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 8,505 5,955 2,550 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 1,880 965 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 1,205 535 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,915 2,865 1,050 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 108,040 52,160 55,885 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 26,255 10,700 15,555 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 81,785 41,460 40,330 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.7 79.5 72.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,930 4,445 5,485 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,830 2,835 3,995 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 10,030 4,280 5,755 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 8,060 3,440 4,625 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,140 3,620 4,515 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,805 4,305 4,505 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 7,460 4,045 3,420 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,430 3,180 2,255 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,110 2,495 1,615 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,985 8,815 4,175 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,300 2,075 1,230 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,915 1,710 1,205 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,765 5,035 1,735 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,167 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,009 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,050 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,652 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,179 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,240 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,561 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,508 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,658 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,707 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,035 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,163 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,640 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,250 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,089 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,046 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 52,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 615 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 655 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,355 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,550 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,850 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,700 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,805 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,900 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,980 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,150 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,955 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,870 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,375 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,295 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,095 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,155 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,305 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,435 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,905 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,505 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 52,290 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 665 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 660 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,385 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,610 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,095 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,895 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,150 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,395 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,545 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,515 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,725 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,330 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,035 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,800 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,280 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,205 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,065 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,630 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,500 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,080 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,274 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,926 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,725 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,597 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,216 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,755 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,838 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,490 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,620 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,125 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,848 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,145 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,006 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,471 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,665 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,553 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,327 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,900 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,745 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,608 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,530 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,271 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,689 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,020 9,920 11,100 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,530 36,073 31,642 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,627 32,376 29,258 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,845 9,760 11,090 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,528 43,665 39,647 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,384 36,590 34,323 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 130,750 63,825 66,925 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,515 27,160 30,355 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 11,290 5,250 6,035 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 10,060 4,445 5,615 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 10,985 5,195 5,790 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,790 5,690 6,100 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 13,390 6,575 6,810 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 73,230 36,670 36,565 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 14,155 6,925 7,230 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 14,685 7,260 7,425 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 15,495 7,805 7,690 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 16,070 8,060 8,010 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 12,825 6,615 6,210 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 130,750 63,825 66,925 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 27,310 14,005 13,300 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,010 4,635 4,380 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 85,360 41,895 43,465 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 18,085 7,930 10,155 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,440 6,415 8,030 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,590 1,850 1,735 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,270 655 615 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 9,180 4,010 5,170 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,670 550 1,120 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.0 10.1 12.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 9.6 11.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.2 6.9 11.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,580 4,520 5,055 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,945 1,030 925 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 695 385 310 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,250 3,345 3,905 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 380 155 225 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 7.1 7.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.4 7.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 8.3 7.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.5 8.0 9.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 130,755 63,860 66,900 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 129,015 63,225 65,785 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 128,930 63,190 65,740 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 11,810 4,725 7,090 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 31,950 15,345 16,610 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 30 20 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 25 15 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 10 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 10 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,920 15,320 16,595 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,810 970 840 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 15 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 20 15 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 70 25 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,710 920 795 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 305 175 130 1,755 905 855
Arabic 935 500 430 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 145 70 75 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 70 35 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 330 195 135 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,045 980 1,065 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 60 75 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,925 925 1,000 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,260 1,025 1,230 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 115 40 70 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 50 10 45 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 130 65 65 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,085 955 1,130 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 65 40 25 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 570 285 285 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 65 30 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 155 85 70 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 380 190 190 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 40 20 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 19,470 9,240 10,230 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 40 15 20 1,135 580 555
Armenian 70 35 35 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,700 1,735 1,965 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 75 25 45 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 50 10 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,640 1,715 1,925 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 95 50 50 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 50 20 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 305 160 145 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 130 65 65 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 50 35 15 345 180 160
Polish 1,585 730 850 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 535 245 295 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 805 410 395 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 85 50 35 1,240 595 645
Slovak 85 50 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 30 45 725 330 400
Ukrainian 185 75 110 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 60 30 30 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 15 350 225 120
Welsh 15 0 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,695 1,270 1,420 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 65 35 35 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 60 20 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 780 365 405 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,750 855 890 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 35 10 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 35 10 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 380 175 205 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 6,275 3,160 3,115 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,960 2,525 2,430 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 350 195 155 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 700 310 385 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,740 905 835 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 30 15 10 375 185 190
Marathi 75 35 35 1,275 650 625
Nepali 290 140 150 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,095 1,050 1,045 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 50 20 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 95 90 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 940 530 410 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,410 675 730 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 60 30 30 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 225 130 105 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 560 620 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,710 3,015 3,690 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,060 1,440 1,615 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 680 320 355 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 360 155 210 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,765 1,155 1,610 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 225 120 105 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 235 110 120 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 370 225 145 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 495 280 215
Bamanankan 10 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 40 20 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 160 100 60 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 80 40 40 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 30 20 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 285 95 190 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 150 60 90 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 150 45 105 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,155 2,000 2,155 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,150 2,000 2,155 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,500 715 785 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,730 1,300 1,430 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 80 75 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 80 75 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 330 185 150 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 260 155 105 1,125 505 620
Thai 80 35 45 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 595 305 290 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 170 100 70 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 415 205 205 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,075 485 590 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 35 15 20 495 205 295
Finnish 25 20 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,010 445 560 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 130,755 63,860 66,895 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 123,255 60,255 63,005 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,450 13,585 12,865 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 96,810 46,665 50,140 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,505 3,605 3,900 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 130,755 63,855 66,895 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 101,005 49,420 51,585 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 28,140 13,660 14,475 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 8,795 4,135 4,660 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,555 1,860 1,695 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 5,250 2,525 2,725 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,970 3,415 3,555 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,690 1,895 1,800 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,280 1,520 1,760 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,565 1,725 1,845 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,615 770 840 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 28,135 13,665 14,475 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,985 1,515 1,470 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,225 2,770 2,455 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,165 2,860 3,300 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 11,715 5,640 6,070 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,050 870 1,180 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 28,135 13,660 14,480 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,140 1,430 1,710 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 105 50 55 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 155 65 85 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 160 80 85 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 155 75 85 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 230 120 105 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 205 95 105 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 100 45 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 170 80 85 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,100 440 665 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 755 375 380 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,760 5,140 5,620 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 105 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 240 135 105 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 110 55 50 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 635 310 325 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 140 70 70 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 255 135 120 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 205 80 125 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,440 705 730 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 685 345 345 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,055 475 585 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 210 115 100 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 350 160 190 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 170 75 100 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 590 285 305 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 100 45 55 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,510 1,695 1,815 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 885 385 495 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,640 880 765 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 185 70 110 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 245 150 95 1,665 835 825
Kenya 135 55 75 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 20 10 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 100 55 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 15 25 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 215 110 110 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 700 400 295 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 12,475 6,150 6,335 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 700 355 340 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 250 135 120 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,645 735 910 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 135 70 70 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,380 1,185 1,195 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 410 215 190 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 100 60 45 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 35 20 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 145 75 65 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 75 40 30 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 775 410 360 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,080 980 1,100 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 340 175 160 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 55 50 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 140 55 80 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,710 775 935 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,450 795 655 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 115 70 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,565 1,725 1,845 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 260 115 145 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 15 0 15 465 220 240
Cuba 25 15 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 15 10 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 80 35 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 75 25 50 1,855 875 975
Europe 365 195 170 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 30 15 790 415 370
Germany 35 15 20 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 0 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10 0 10