Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax
Nova Scotia
[Population centre]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 316,701 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 304,979 r ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 150,284 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 139,921 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,349.3 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 234.72 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 316,690 152,040 164,650 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 45,685 23,280 22,410 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 15,370 7,790 7,585 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 15,595 8,015 7,580 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 14,720 7,470 7,250 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 220,945 107,075 113,875 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 17,025 8,530 8,495 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 26,365 12,990 13,370 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 26,690 13,470 13,220 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 22,930 11,340 11,590 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 20,275 9,665 10,615 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 19,935 9,520 10,415 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 20,650 9,700 10,945 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 24,430 11,725 12,705 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 22,985 10,985 12,000 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 19,665 9,145 10,520 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 50,055 21,690 28,365 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 17,240 7,970 9,270 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 11,995 5,450 6,550 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 8,400 3,690 4,715 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 6,245 2,595 3,650 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 6,170 1,980 4,190 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 3,735 1,335 2,405 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,860 515 1,340 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 520 120 400 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 55 10 45 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.3 13.6 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.8 14.3 17.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.7 39.5 41.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.8 38.2 41.3 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 139,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 55,880 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 20,995 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 60,445 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,410 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 6,535 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,865 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,430 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 200 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,600 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 139,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 45,045 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 51,055 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 21,180 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 15,450 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,185 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 311,400 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 271,000 128,760 142,240 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 144,255 72,010 72,250 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 113,560 56,690 56,870 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 30,695 15,320 15,380 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 126,745 56,755 69,995 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 87,160 44,415 42,745 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 7,990 3,305 4,690 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 17,400 6,140 11,260 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 14,195 2,895 11,305 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 86,280 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 48,225 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 18,865 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 13,955 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,230 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 86,280 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 70,770 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 55,430 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,345 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 15,505 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 12,745 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 2,760 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 70,770 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 38,355 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 32,420 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 14,585 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 12,910 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 4,925 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 15,505 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 9,870 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 4,280 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,355 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 74,735 34,665 40,065 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 139,920 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 83,065 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 37,055 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 46,005 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,590 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 55,265 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 45,050 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,215 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 313,230 150,620 162,610 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 270,935 132,170 138,760 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 275 115 160 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 39,855 17,330 22,525 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,160 995 1,160 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 313,230 150,615 162,610 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 302,120 145,270 156,855 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 7,960 3,895 4,070 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,070 505 570 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,070 950 1,115 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,500 4,150 4,355 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.7 2.8 2.7 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 313,230 150,620 162,610 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 308,590 148,315 160,270 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 279,670 133,590 146,085 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 271,530 129,640 141,890 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 8,145 3,950 4,195 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 28,915 14,730 14,185 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 75 40 35 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 60 30 25 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 20 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 5 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 50 30 20 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 5 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 5 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,840 14,690 14,150 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,835 3,735 3,095 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 5 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 115 60 60 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 60 35 25 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 50 25 30 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 6,710 3,675 3,035 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 105 45 60 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 6,260 3,450 2,815 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 180 100 80 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 5 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 140 65 75 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 365 180 185 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 360 175 185 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,590 705 890 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 105 45 60 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 45 10 35 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 35 15 20 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,355 605 750 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 50 35 15 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 850 500 355 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 30 20 15 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 305 160 140 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 245 145 100 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 265 165 100 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 11,365 5,750 5,610 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 235 120 120 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 30 20 10 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 2,455 1,200 1,255 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 45 10 35 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 20 5 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 30 5 20 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 2,410 1,190 1,225 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 100 50 50 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 30 15 15 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 170 80 85 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 115 60 55 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 15 5 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 505 245 260 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,030 505 520 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 100 50 50 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 35 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 75 35 30 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 165 85 85 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 35 15 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 5 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,520 715 805 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 45 20 25 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 70 40 30 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 365 180 185 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 875 390 490 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 25 10 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 55 30 25 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 55 25 30 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 10 5 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 635 320 315 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 4,205 2,295 1,910 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 2,895 1,620 1,280 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 435 265 170 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 170 115 60 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 650 385 260 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 0 5 565 300 265
Konkani 10 0 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 60 35 30 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 525 255 270 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 465 245 220 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 10 5 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 65 70 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 420 235 185 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,285 665 615 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 110 60 45 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 65 40 30 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 565 545 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 2,250 1,075 1,170 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 475 235 235 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 350 165 180 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 170 80 85 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,250 580 660 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 225 60 165 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 5 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 865 365 505 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 5 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 515 255 250 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 10 5 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 35 20 15 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 5 0 920 445 470
Ganda 20 10 15 1,295 625 665
Igbo 30 15 15 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 0 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 25 15 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 115 55 60 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 50 30 20 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 15 5 5 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 95 50 50 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 45 25 20 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 25 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,335 2,685 2,655 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 5,320 2,675 2,645 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 880 405 475 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 15 10 10 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 3,860 1,935 1,920 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 35 40 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 15 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 425 250 175 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 0 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 80 35 50 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 75 35 45 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 380 210 175 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 240 130 115 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 110 60 50 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 190 80 115 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 20 10 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 25 10 20 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 140 65 80 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 4,640 2,300 2,340 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,475 675 800 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 2,860 1,480 1,385 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 165 85 80 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 145 70 75 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 313,225 150,620 162,610 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 305,510 146,720 158,790 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 289,710 138,675 151,035 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 286,735 137,225 149,505 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 2,975 1,445 1,530 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 15,805 8,045 7,755 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 15 5 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,785 8,035 7,750 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,120 2,170 1,945 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 5 620 330 285
Oromo 45 25 25 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 25 10 20 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 4,045 2,140 1,910 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 50 25 30 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 3,780 2,005 1,775 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 5 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 105 60 45 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 95 40 60 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 120 120 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 240 120 120 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 870 425 450 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 45 20 30 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 15 5 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 5 0 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 805 395 410 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 20 15 5 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 385 220 165 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 10 5 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 130 75 55 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 115 65 50 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 125 75 50 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 5,180 2,605 2,570 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 100 50 50 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 20 10 5 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,155 565 590 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 20 5 10 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 5 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,135 560 580 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 55 30 30 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 20 10 5 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 60 25 35 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 35 20 15 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 155 75 90 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 655 320 335 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 60 25 30 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 20 10 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 45 25 20 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 10 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 250 120 130 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 5 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 30 15 15 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 165 80 90 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 10 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 5 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 250 125 125 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 2,515 1,320 1,200 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 880 760 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 225 125 100 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 95 60 30 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 280 170 105 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 30 15 15 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 470 235 235 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 100 105 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 5 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 40 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 245 125 120 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 875 435 440 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 85 45 35 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 35 15 20 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 760 370 385 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 885 415 470 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 120 50 70 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 150 65 80 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 60 30 30 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 550 260 285 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 80 30 50 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 590 255 335 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 145 65 75 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 5 345 160 185
Igbo 5 0 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 5 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 50 25 30 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 20 5 10 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 5 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 125 65 65 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 55 30 30 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 30 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,745 1,920 1,820 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,740 1,920 1,820 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 505 265 240 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,890 1,450 1,435 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 10 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 170 120 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 25 10 15 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 190 100 90 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 115 60 60 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 70 40 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 45 25 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 5 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 5 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 40 20 20 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 7,715 3,895 3,820 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 935 425 510 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 6,495 3,320 3,170 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 60 40 20 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 225 115 115 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 313,225 150,620 162,610 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 287,715 138,150 149,560 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 8,545 4,380 4,165 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 6,675 2,920 3,755 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 9,730 4,905 4,830 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 90 45 50 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 9,640 4,860 4,780 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 105 45 65 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 180 85 95 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 275 135 140 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 265,805 126,535 139,275 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 255,480 121,555 133,925 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,199 41,261 30,772 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 255,560 121,560 134,000 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,113 35,676 27,712 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 231,345 111,900 119,445 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,060 40,299 28,914 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 179,255 75,085 104,170 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,944 2,595 4,541 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,650 95,210 96,445 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,146 38,134 29,107 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 266,075 126,615 139,460 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 255,795 121,575 134,220 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,563 53,502 38,372 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 255,890 121,600 134,295 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,895 42,330 31,973 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 231,690 112,090 119,595 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,094 53,756 36,976 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 179,835 74,810 105,020 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,713 6,402 6,934 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 191,780 95,400 96,380 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,235 50,467 36,077 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 266,075 126,615 139,460 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 97,680 52,245 45,435 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,254 55,940 45,291 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,702 67,889 52,438 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.5 86.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 73.7 67.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.5 14.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 265,805 126,530 139,270 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 10,330 4,980 5,345 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 255,480 121,555 133,925 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,615 16,115 19,500 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 40,285 15,550 24,735 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 34,790 13,580 21,210 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 32,195 13,865 18,330 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 27,520 12,615 14,910 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 20,900 10,785 10,120 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 16,235 9,225 7,015 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 13,345 7,580 5,760 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 10,415 5,955 4,460 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 6,520 4,115 2,405 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 17,650 12,170 5,485 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 11,970 8,045 3,930 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 5,680 4,125 1,555 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 265,810 126,535 139,275 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 10,245 4,970 5,275 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 255,560 121,560 134,000 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 37,230 16,405 20,830 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 43,020 16,820 26,200 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 42,750 17,255 25,495 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 39,910 17,670 22,235 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 30,545 15,485 15,055 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 21,890 12,530 9,360 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 16,025 9,185 6,845 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 8,790 5,570 3,220 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 15,405 10,645 4,760 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 4,895 3,225 1,670 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 2,985 2,010 975 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 7,525 5,410 2,115 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 265,805 126,530 139,275 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 74,150 31,325 42,825 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 191,650 95,210 96,445 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.1 75.2 69.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 24,150 11,055 13,095 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 15,855 6,920 8,935 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 26,165 11,490 14,675 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 22,775 10,165 12,615 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 21,840 9,665 12,175 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 18,695 8,550 10,150 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 14,225 7,510 6,715 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 11,595 6,700 4,900 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 10,365 5,880 4,485 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 25,985 17,275 8,710 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 8,380 4,790 3,590 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 4,970 3,300 1,670 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 12,640 9,190 3,455 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 139,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,824 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,383 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,045 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,099 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,597 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 94,875 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,696 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,934 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 139,940 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,284 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,465 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 45,030 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,508 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,292 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 94,915 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,680 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,254 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 139,925 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,415 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,760 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,535 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,365 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,755 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,575 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,360 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,295 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,300 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,095 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,340 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,465 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,820 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,830 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,325 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,685 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,960 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,290 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 9,480 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,955 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 139,920 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,525 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,805 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,590 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,785 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,775 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,055 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,900 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,775 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,660 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,215 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,755 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,665 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,455 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,660 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,100 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,210 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,165 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,450 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,590 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 86,415 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,601 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,163 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 36,240 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,000 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,959 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 32,775 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,744 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,408 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 14,640 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,882 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,427 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 86,425 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,284 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,922 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 36,280 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,386 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,997 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 32,885 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,907 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,203 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,480 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,191 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,797 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,035 31,910 36,125 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,998 31,194 30,847 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,889 27,848 27,921 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 67,920 31,700 36,220 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,900 39,444 38,424 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,217 32,183 32,246 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 311,400 149,760 161,645 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 163,910 76,440 87,470 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 40,180 19,370 20,815 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 30,240 13,210 17,030 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 30,585 13,990 16,590 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 31,170 14,615 16,550 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 31,735 15,260 16,475 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 147,495 73,320 74,175 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 31,385 15,475 15,905 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 31,875 15,885 15,990 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 31,665 15,640 16,025 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 28,485 14,255 14,230 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 24,085 12,065 12,020 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 311,200 149,670 161,525 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 54,845 27,845 27,000 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 18,415 9,355 9,060 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 209,590 101,155 108,440 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 46,760 20,675 26,085 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 50,640 23,470 27,175 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 11,720 5,940 5,775 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 4,415 2,205 2,205 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 33,450 15,625 17,830 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 5,465 1,900 3,570 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.3 15.7 16.8 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.4 21.3 21.4 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.0 23.6 24.3 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 15.4 16.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.2 13.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 35,485 17,315 18,175 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 7,150 3,655 3,495 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,800 1,425 1,375 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 26,905 13,120 13,790 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,425 535 895 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.4 11.6 11.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.2 15.2 15.2 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 13.0 12.7 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 3.0 2.6 3.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 311,725 149,880 161,845 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 309,600 148,980 160,620 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 309,385 148,880 160,505 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 40,075 17,670 22,410 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 40,675 20,295 20,380 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 175 75 100 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 150 55 95 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 140 55 85 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 140 55 85 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,500 20,230 20,275 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,425 5,095 4,330 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 25 15 15 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 25 10 10 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 20 10 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 40 15 20 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 75 25 50 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 9,345 5,075 4,275 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 260 135 120 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 8,490 4,580 3,910 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 530 325 205 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 15 10 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 135 70 70 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 445 200 245 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 10 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 435 200 240 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,220 975 1,245 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 110 55 55 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 50 10 40 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 40 10 30 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,115 935 1,180 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 190 85 100 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 40 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,180 675 510 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 75 40 35 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 480 255 225 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 350 215 135 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 330 205 130 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 18,675 9,240 9,435 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 355 160 190 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 75 50 30 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 2,895 1,360 1,535 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 55 20 35 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 20 0 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 40 15 25 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 2,855 1,350 1,510 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 115 45 70 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 35 20 15 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 210 75 130 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 135 65 70 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 70 35 30 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 550 240 310 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,540 765 770 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 130 55 75 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 100 60 45 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 95 45 45 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 20 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 240 115 120 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 250 120 125 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 155 70 80 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 15 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 3,340 1,610 1,730 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 165 75 95 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 95 45 50 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 540 230 310 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 2,360 1,185 1,185 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 55 20 30 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 80 65 15 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 160 60 100 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 20 15 15 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,145 570 575 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 5,585 3,120 2,455 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 4,195 2,385 1,810 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 530 295 235 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 195 130 70 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,995 1,140 855 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 20 10 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 105 70 40 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 620 315 305 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 450 360 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 0 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 195 105 90 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 885 545 340 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,405 760 645 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 175 105 75 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 55 35 20 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,205 640 565 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 5,825 2,660 3,160 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 20 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,075 530 545 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 600 330 270 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 190 110 80 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 4,240 1,845 2,395 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 35 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 605 230 375 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,145 485 665 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,125 615 515 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 10 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 75 45 30 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 25 15 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 55 15 40 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 70 40 30 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 10 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 55 65 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 55 35 25 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 335 185 150 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 30 10 20 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 205 105 100 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 130 100 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 25 15 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 725 250 475 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 415 130 290 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 315 130 185 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,645 2,865 2,775 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 5,630 2,865 2,765 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,210 575 630 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 35 20 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 4,375 2,180 2,190 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 65 85 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 405 250 160 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 15 0 15 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 150 80 70 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 10 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 135 75 60 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 520 275 245 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 380 185 195 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 105 65 40 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 195 95 100 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 30 15 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 40 15 25 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 120 70 50 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 311,725 149,880 161,845 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 291,815 139,420 152,400 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 51,890 26,345 25,540 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 239,930 113,075 126,855 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,905 10,460 9,445 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 311,725 149,880 161,845 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 271,120 129,135 141,980 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,030 16,310 16,720 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 8,320 4,000 4,315 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 2,565 1,290 1,275 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 4,390 2,115 2,275 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 8,845 4,460 4,380 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,310 1,675 1,635 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 5,535 2,790 2,745 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,915 4,440 4,470 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,575 4,435 3,140 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,030 16,305 16,725 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 4,000 1,935 2,065 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 6,165 3,135 3,030 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 5,890 2,795 3,095 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 14,560 7,170 7,395 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,420 1,275 1,145 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,035 16,310 16,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 4,570 2,130 2,435 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 120 55 65 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 105 60 50 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 60 25 35 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 140 65 70 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 20 10 10 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 315 125 190 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 220 110 105 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 70 20 45 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 160 95 65 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,545 1,160 1,385 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 815 405 410 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 9,815 4,915 4,900 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 95 100 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 130 45 80 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 290 160 130 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 835 420 415 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 435 225 215 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 55 25 30 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 230 85 150 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 325 180 145 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 335 135 195 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 390 150 240 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 150 90 55 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 135 75 55 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 490 245 245 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 35 25 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 235 110 130 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,505 2,370 2,140 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,025 465 560 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 2,900 1,495 1,405 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 725 380 355 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 165 80 80 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 120 70 50 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 65 45 25 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 285 140 145 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 60 30 30 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 265 105 155 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,200 640 560 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 15,565 7,650 7,915 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 90 35 60 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 240 140 105 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,200 940 1,260 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 235 110 125 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 1,840 975 870 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 825 455 370 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 525 245 280 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 165 65 105 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 685 270 410 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 1,100 605 500 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 440 220 220 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 1,985 855 1,130 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 250 115 140 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,035 495 540 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 135 65 65 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 345 165 180 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 3,470 1,905 1,565 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 115 70 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,915 4,440 4,475 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 865 395 475 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 75 40 40 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 15 0 15 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 40 25 20 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 10 10 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 120 55 65 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 90 50 40 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 290 135 155 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 215 75 135 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 1,130 595 535 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 60 30 25 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 85 40 45 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 15 20 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10 15 5,900 2,735 3,165