Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Hamilton [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 693,645 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 671,008 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,803 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 274,649 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,972.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 351.67 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 693,645 336,600 357,050 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 112,805 58,060 54,745 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 36,040 18,540 17,510 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 38,095 19,590 18,505 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 38,660 19,930 18,735 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 456,525 224,320 232,205 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 41,130 21,200 19,935 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 45,225 23,280 21,945 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 43,790 21,855 21,930 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 43,935 21,500 22,440 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 42,695 20,665 22,030 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 44,080 21,190 22,885 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 47,970 23,250 24,720 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 53,890 26,295 27,595 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 50,775 24,690 26,085 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 43,040 20,395 22,645 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 124,315 54,220 70,090 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 37,920 17,575 20,345 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 28,130 13,020 15,115 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 21,975 9,825 12,150 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 17,100 7,095 10,010 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 19,185 6,700 12,480 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 11,970 4,580 7,395 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 5,740 1,770 3,965 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,315 325 990 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 160 30 135 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.2 15.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.6 65.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.9 16.1 19.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.6 40.3 42.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.0 40.4 43.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 274,650 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 148,700 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45,350 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 80,455 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,660 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 38,615 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,490 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,135 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 555 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 274,645 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 76,665 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 89,145 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 43,790 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 41,625 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 23,425 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 681,865 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 580,840 278,540 302,300 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 324,495 162,105 162,385 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 276,815 138,290 138,525 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 47,675 23,815 23,865 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 256,350 116,435 139,915 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 162,640 87,220 75,425 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 18,830 7,820 11,010 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 37,750 14,080 23,670 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 37,130 7,315 29,810 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 194,750 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 93,665 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 43,600 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 40,875 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,600 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 194,750 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 158,760 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 134,940 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 23,820 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,990 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 29,030 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,960 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 158,765 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 72,125 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 86,635 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 33,075 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 37,925 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 15,635 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,985 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 21,540 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 10,525 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,920 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 111,665 50,800 60,870 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 274,650 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 183,315 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 67,745 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 115,565 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,590 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 85,745 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 76,665 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,080 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 685,085 333,115 351,965 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 628,155 309,095 319,065 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 455 190 265 1,110 530 580
English and French 45,395 19,455 25,940 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 11,075 4,375 6,695 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 685,080 333,115 351,965 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 662,120 323,245 338,870 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 9,360 4,280 5,080 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,745 1,330 1,415 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 10,855 4,260 6,595 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,735 4,945 5,790 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 685,080 333,120 351,965 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 670,495 326,025 344,470 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 519,355 254,395 264,960 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 510,110 250,190 259,915 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,250 4,200 5,050 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 151,145 71,635 79,510 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 75 40 35 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 35 15 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 5 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 10 15 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 15 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 10 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 151,070 71,595 79,470 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,200 7,760 7,440 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 20 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,070 500 570 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 25 25 165 95 75
Somali 1,015 470 545 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 14,050 7,220 6,830 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 215 105 115 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,690 5,565 5,125 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,275 1,115 1,160 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 240 130 115 440 240 195
Harari 10 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 175 100 80 1,770 960 805
Maltese 185 90 90 80 40 40
Tigrigna 135 65 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,000 2,305 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 820 375 450 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,485 1,625 1,860 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 6,495 2,520 3,975 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 25 5 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 245 105 145 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 55 15 40 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 385 160 225 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 145 45 95 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 25 35 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,480 2,110 3,370 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 15 0 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 830 360 470
Creole languages 320 150 165 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 90 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,675 820 860 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 85 45 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 795 390 405 1,750 905 845
Tamil 640 300 340 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 160 85 75 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 103,255 49,115 54,145 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,420 720 705 1,090 560 530
Armenian 355 180 170 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 31,345 14,335 17,010 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 845 340 510 645 280 370
Latvian 345 135 210 320 145 175
Lithuanian 505 200 305 325 130 200
Slavic languages 30,500 13,995 16,500 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,015 505 510 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 255 115 140 1,725 805 915
Croatian 5,475 2,645 2,830 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,135 505 630 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 615 295 320 250 120 135
Polish 9,325 4,100 5,230 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,265 980 1,285 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 6,265 3,105 3,155 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 480 230 250 1,145 545 600
Slovak 630 275 360 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 670 290 385 545 250 290
Ukrainian 2,235 890 1,340 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 65 55 180 90 90
Celtic languages 50 15 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 125 65 60
Welsh 25 10 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,505 4,165 5,335 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 200 90 105 1,435 730 705
Danish 260 115 145 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,585 1,575 2,005 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 75 35 40 80 30 50
German 5,105 2,205 2,900 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 25 15 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 40 15 25 835 410 430
Swedish 105 45 55 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 40 200 105 95
Yiddish 40 25 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,975 1,020 955 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 21,015 10,640 10,380 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 16,275 8,265 8,010 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,330 670 660 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,925 1,030 890 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,440 770 665 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 15 5 10 40 25 15
Konkani 65 30 35 225 110 110
Marathi 105 55 55 535 280 255
Nepali 230 120 110 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,215 3,120 3,095 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 140 75 65 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 335 160 175 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,470 2,220 2,250 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 4,635 2,315 2,325 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,045 550 495 1,650 875 780
Pashto 355 180 175 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,240 1,585 1,650 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 37,595 18,040 19,550 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 10 125 65 55
Italian 16,770 8,080 8,690 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 8,305 4,090 4,210 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,305 1,090 1,220 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 10,175 4,760 5,415 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 60 40 25
Japanese 400 135 270 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 65 40 25
Georgian 15 5 10 65 40 25
Korean 2,120 960 1,160 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,555 705 850 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 245 110 135 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 10 15 80 45 30
Ewe 30 10 20 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 30 15 15 35 15 15
Ganda 35 20 20 65 35 30
Igbo 75 35 40 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 35 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 35 35 105 45 55
Shona 195 85 110 150 70 85
Swahili 340 150 190 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 105 65 50 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 135 170 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 145 75 70 265 135 135
Dinka 15 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 190 85 100
Sign languages 145 70 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 60 30 30 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 45 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,525 5,020 5,510 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 10,170 4,835 5,340 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,510 1,650 1,865 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 50 20 25 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,870 2,810 3,065 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 120 125 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 45 50 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 390 190 200 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 360 185 175 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 85 45 45 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 255 130 120 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 565 250 315 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 330 165 170 800 405 400
Thai 230 90 140 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 965 495 465 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 50 30 30 495 275 225
Turkish 870 445 420 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,295 1,475 1,820 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 200 90 110 455 195 260
Finnish 170 65 105 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 2,925 1,320 1,605 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 14,585 7,090 7,495 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,605 770 835 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 12,170 5,950 6,220 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 485 230 255 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 325 145 180 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 685,080 333,115 351,965 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 652,655 317,480 335,170 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 583,255 284,565 298,690 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 580,115 283,115 296,995 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,145 1,450 1,690 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 69,400 32,915 36,480 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,375 32,905 36,470 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,930 4,440 4,490 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 10 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 710 325 385 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 80 40 35
Somali 675 310 365 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,180 4,090 4,085 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 70 30 40 535 250 290
Arabic 6,260 3,135 3,125 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,445 715 730 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 80 70 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 75 35 45 785 400 385
Maltese 25 15 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 65 35 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,705 1,265 1,435 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 255 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,245 1,065 1,180 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,795 1,235 1,555 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 100 55 50 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 170 75 90 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,440 1,065 1,370 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 105 35 65 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 20 40 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 825 390 435 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 385 185 200 885 450 435
Tamil 320 145 180 1,935 965 965
Telugu 90 50 40 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 42,835 20,170 22,660 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 720 345 375 530 255 270
Armenian 140 65 75 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 13,010 6,135 6,880 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 210 80 130 160 75 90
Latvian 85 30 55 65 30 35
Lithuanian 125 50 75 90 45 50
Slavic languages 12,800 6,050 6,745 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 565 290 280 540 270 270
Bulgarian 115 55 60 925 425 495
Croatian 2,085 965 1,115 1,795 840 955
Czech 505 235 265 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 215 95 120 120 60 60
Polish 3,760 1,710 2,045 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,250 600 655 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,235 1,600 1,630 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 195 100 95 435 205 235
Slovak 160 75 85 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 75 95 60 25 35
Ukrainian 525 230 295 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 840 385 455 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 85 45 45 520 250 265
Danish 10 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 160 80 85 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 0 5 5 0
German 560 245 315 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 710 345 365 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 12,425 6,175 6,255 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 9,690 4,845 4,845 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 845 415 430 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,075 550 520 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 660 365 295 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 195 105 90 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,000 1,980 2,020 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 65 35 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 595 290 305
Urdu 2,650 1,290 1,360 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,665 1,280 1,385 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 560 280 280 1,025 515 505
Pashto 210 100 105 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,895 900 1,000 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 14,985 6,725 8,260 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 4,960 2,020 2,940 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 3,360 1,595 1,770 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,075 510 560 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,580 2,600 2,980 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 110 45 65 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,415 650 770 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 525 225 305 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 85 30 50 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 20 10 10 35 20 15
Lingala 25 15 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 45 15 30
Shona 75 30 50 40 15 20
Swahili 185 80 100 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 25 105 50 55
Dinka 5 5 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 60 20 40
Sign languages 240 130 110 830 460 370
American Sign Language 80 40 45 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 160 90 65 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,040 3,440 3,605 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 6,780 3,295 3,475 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,120 995 1,130 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 5 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,210 2,080 2,125 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 50 45 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 135 145 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 140 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 65 30 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 190 100 90 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 315 160 160 1,015 435 580
Lao 180 95 90 335 160 175
Thai 135 70 70 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 485 245 240 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 455 225 230 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 975 440 535 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 30 15 20 75 30 45
Finnish 20 10 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 920 410 505 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 32,425 15,635 16,790 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,135 515 620 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 30,530 14,765 15,770 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 185 90 100 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 580 270 310 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 685,080 333,120 351,965 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 599,120 292,510 306,610 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 30,875 15,110 15,765 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,055 2,515 3,540 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 47,675 22,350 25,325 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 105 45 55 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 47,575 22,300 25,270 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 245 110 135 965 435 530
English and non-official language 555 290 270 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 550 235 310 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 569,305 274,080 295,220 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,345 262,995 283,350 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,851 41,535 29,619 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,480 263,010 283,470 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,709 37,132 27,351 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 487,965 239,625 248,340 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,412 40,890 27,167 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 396,335 175,070 221,265 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,140 2,828 6,281 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 402,245 207,165 195,080 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,970 40,683 30,294 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 569,685 274,320 295,370 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,070 263,230 283,840 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,474 56,115 39,461 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,210 263,260 283,955 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,237 45,265 33,648 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 488,425 239,700 248,725 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,835 56,328 37,687 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 396,300 175,340 220,965 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,813 7,241 8,267 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 402,665 207,145 195,520 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,861 54,213 39,072 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 569,685 274,315 295,365 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 194,320 107,495 86,830 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,729 62,705 50,654 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,482 76,798 58,187 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.1 91.4 83.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 76.0 67.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.9 8.6 16.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 569,305 274,085 295,220 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 22,960 11,090 11,870 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 546,345 262,990 283,355 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,290 33,600 42,685 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 90,940 35,910 55,030 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 75,545 30,190 45,350 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 61,145 27,525 33,615 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 54,395 25,585 28,815 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 43,285 22,010 21,280 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 33,790 18,415 15,380 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 25,620 14,840 10,785 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 20,310 12,000 8,310 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 17,890 9,935 7,955 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 47,135 32,990 14,145 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 31,495 21,285 10,210 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 15,640 11,705 3,930 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 569,305 274,080 295,220 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 22,820 11,075 11,750 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 546,480 263,010 283,470 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 78,495 34,095 44,405 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 94,915 37,540 57,375 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 87,085 35,630 51,450 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 73,840 34,010 39,825 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 62,220 30,995 31,225 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 45,195 24,755 20,435 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 32,245 18,865 13,380 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 25,335 14,615 10,730 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 47,155 32,505 14,645 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 15,920 10,015 5,900 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 8,965 6,155 2,810 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 22,275 16,340 5,935 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 569,300 274,080 295,220 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 167,060 66,920 100,145 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 402,240 207,165 195,080 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.7 75.6 66.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 58,790 31,295 27,500 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 31,550 13,980 17,575 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 50,755 22,270 28,485 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 41,240 18,010 23,225 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 38,490 16,800 21,690 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 35,925 16,710 19,215 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 31,390 16,360 15,030 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 24,740 13,935 10,805 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 19,800 11,815 7,985 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 69,565 45,990 23,570 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 16,460 9,835 6,625 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 15,620 8,555 7,065 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 37,485 27,600 9,880 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 274,650 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,694 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,647 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 76,665 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,113 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,648 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 197,980 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,232 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,982 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 274,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,518 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,139 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 76,675 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,285 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,783 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 198,100 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,188 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,372 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 274,650 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,680 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,270 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,405 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,750 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,655 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,440 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,900 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,495 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,240 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,770 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,965 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,210 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,360 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,025 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,990 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 95,495 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,575 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,915 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,490 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,515 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 274,650 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,915 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,345 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,525 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,160 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,030 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,680 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,710 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,385 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,375 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,010 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,560 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,045 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,305 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,125 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,450 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 72,015 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,560 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,980 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 25,475 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 191,660 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,550 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,139 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 66,065 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,446 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,166 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 87,150 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,359 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,181 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 33,370 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,670 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,361 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,815 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,678 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,620 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 66,260 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,609 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,708 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 87,270 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,257 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,859 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,235 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,168 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,647 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,265 45,135 52,130 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,882 34,745 31,578 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,053 31,327 29,170 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 97,080 44,960 52,125 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,918 44,947 41,168 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,188 37,220 35,298 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 681,865 331,990 349,875 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,280 146,955 165,330 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 63,560 30,605 32,950 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 61,555 27,055 34,500 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 61,290 28,490 32,800 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 61,900 29,540 32,355 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 63,980 31,260 32,725 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 369,585 185,040 184,545 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 67,020 33,030 33,985 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 71,545 35,425 36,115 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 75,065 37,505 37,560 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 80,725 40,680 40,045 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 75,230 38,390 36,845 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 681,865 331,990 349,875 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 136,585 70,290 66,290 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 43,350 22,255 21,100 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 429,675 210,165 219,515 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 115,610 51,530 64,075 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 92,490 42,445 50,045 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 25,215 12,890 12,325 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 8,595 4,345 4,245 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 55,080 25,385 29,695 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 12,190 4,170 8,025 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.6 12.8 14.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.3 18.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.5 20.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 12.1 13.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.1 12.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 75,135 35,545 39,590 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 19,145 9,800 9,345 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 6,615 3,355 3,260 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 48,025 23,070 24,960 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 7,960 2,675 5,285 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.0 10.7 11.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.0 13.9 14.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.3 15.1 15.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.9 5.2 8.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 682,215 332,195 350,025 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 671,165 327,800 343,365 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 670,640 327,540 343,100 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 45,735 19,850 25,880 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 187,565 89,150 98,410 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 220 105 115 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 35 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 35 20 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 110 50 60 0 10 10
Cayuga 40 15 25 0 0 0
Mohawk 95 50 45 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 187,350 89,050 98,300 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,995 9,675 9,320 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 45 25 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,200 490 710 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 95 40 55 190 110 80
Somali 1,110 455 655 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 17,840 9,200 8,645 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 285 155 130 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,630 7,560 7,075 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,760 1,370 1,390 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 340 180 165 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 720 380 335 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 300 145 160 165 90 80
Tigrigna 145 65 75 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,020 2,340 2,680 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,035 445 580 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,025 1,915 2,110 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 8,435 3,350 5,085 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 275 90 180 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 45 25 15 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 75 30 45 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 560 225 335 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 265 115 150 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 35 775 350 430
Pangasinan 20 0 15 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,880 3,135 4,745 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 25 50 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 830 400 425 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 85 35 55 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 320 155 160 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 430 210 215 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,115 1,190 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 135 75 60 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,100 520 575 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,000 475 520 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 220 130 90 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 130,090 62,025 68,065 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,780 885 890 1,135 580 555
Armenian 465 235 230 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 37,020 17,325 19,695 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,055 430 625 635 310 325
Latvian 410 175 240 310 175 140
Lithuanian 645 255 385 325 135 185
Slavic languages 36,050 16,935 19,115 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 35 10 25 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,510 775 730 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 190 80 105 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 7,970 3,910 4,065 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,535 700 835 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 890 405 480 345 180 160
Polish 11,245 4,985 6,260 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 3,630 1,740 1,890 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 7,235 3,690 3,550 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 480 240 245 1,240 595 645
Slovak 745 335 410 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 845 365 480 725 330 400
Ukrainian 3,000 1,220 1,775 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 250 120 125
Celtic languages 200 85 110 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 70 35 40 350 225 120
Welsh 45 25 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 55 685 370 320
Germanic languages 13,170 5,815 7,360 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 530 240 290 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 335 130 205 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,985 1,795 2,185 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 125 65 60 120 55 65
German 8,120 3,575 4,545 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 80 30 50 1,405 730 680
Swedish 285 135 150 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 40 40 220 125 100
Yiddish 55 20 35 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,755 1,460 1,295 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 26,675 13,375 13,300 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 21,525 10,780 10,745 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,775 865 900 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,470 1,265 1,210 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,385 3,220 3,165 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 25 10 15 45 25 20
Konkani 85 30 55 375 185 190
Marathi 200 120 80 1,275 650 625
Nepali 210 110 95 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,945 4,560 4,380 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 290 125 165 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 435 220 215 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 6,940 3,475 3,465 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,385 2,710 2,680 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,600 830 770 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 380 210 175 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,625 1,795 1,830 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 95 80 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 51,070 24,265 26,805 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 22,970 10,930 12,040 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 10,695 5,265 5,425 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,670 1,260 1,415 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 16,250 7,525 8,720 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 65 35 220 130 85
Japanese 870 420 455 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 0 90 50 45
Korean 2,580 1,140 1,440 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 3,100 1,455 1,645 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 510 240 270 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 0 25 115 65 55
Ewe 55 20 40 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 55 20 35 95 60 35
Ganda 50 30 20 105 60 45
Igbo 215 145 70 240 140 95
Lingala 375 175 200 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 205 90 110 210 95 115
Shona 330 145 185 265 125 140
Swahili 800 355 450 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 25 10 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 225 115 115 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 595 280 315 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 140 145 300 150 150
Dinka 25 10 15 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 265 135 130 250 120 135
Sign languages 955 420 540 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 500 160 340 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 465 260 210 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,845 5,655 6,195 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 11,425 5,425 6,000 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,435 2,050 2,380 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 65 30 35 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 7,280 3,465 3,815 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 330 150 180 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 170 85 85 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 470 220 250 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 425 230 195 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 75 45 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 190 175 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 915 440 475 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 570 280 290 1,125 505 620
Thai 455 205 250 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,365 685 685 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 95 50 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,245 625 620 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 20 0 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,875 1,785 2,085 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 280 135 140 495 205 295
Finnish 200 80 120 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,395 1,570 1,830 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 280 160 115 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 682,215 332,195 350,025 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 643,425 313,875 329,555 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 130,565 67,240 63,325 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 512,860 246,635 266,230 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 38,785 18,315 20,470 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 682,215 332,195 350,025 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 506,095 249,380 256,715 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 168,965 79,035 89,930 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 65,840 30,430 35,410 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 20,915 10,070 10,840 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 29,910 14,150 15,760 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 35,260 16,290 18,970 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 17,435 8,070 9,360 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 17,825 8,220 9,610 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 17,045 8,095 8,950 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,155 3,775 3,375 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 168,965 79,035 89,930 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 19,225 9,335 9,895 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 34,205 17,120 17,080 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 40,005 17,490 22,515 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 63,950 29,915 34,040 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 11,575 5,180 6,400 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 168,970 79,035 89,930 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 22,390 9,910 12,480 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 530 235 300 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 2,130 1,030 1,100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,620 785 835 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,575 660 915 920 415 500
Haiti 225 115 110 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,410 1,530 1,880 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 865 390 475 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 390 175 220 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,740 730 1,010 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,260 2,155 3,105 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 4,645 2,110 2,535 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 81,665 38,385 43,280 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,030 1,535 1,500 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 5,330 2,650 2,685 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 575 275 300 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,995 1,705 2,290 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,525 820 705 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,825 860 965 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,075 480 595 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 11,415 5,555 5,860 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,370 1,630 1,735 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 7,385 3,280 4,105 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 6,115 3,055 3,060 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,370 1,065 1,310 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,085 485 605 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,065 965 1,100 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,145 495 650 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,200 10,200 12,005 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 7,140 3,330 3,815 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 9,825 4,775 5,045 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 110 60 55 430 270 150
Egypt 1,615 870 745 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 365 170 205 1,665 835 825
Kenya 670 310 365 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 200 115 80 730 385 340
Nigeria 480 235 240 1,205 630 575
Somalia 600 215 385 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,135 520 625 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 4,650 2,295 2,350 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 54,460 25,660 28,800 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,140 550 590 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,105 540 565 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,550 2,455 3,100 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 915 425 485 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 9,590 4,660 4,935 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,745 860 885 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 5,280 2,650 2,635 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 265 90 175 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,835 800 1,035 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,190 560 625 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,480 2,220 2,255 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 7,745 3,130 4,620 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 875 430 440 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,010 1,040 970 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 330 155 180 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 3,125 1,445 1,680 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,280 3,650 3,630 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 635 305 325 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,045 8,095 8,945 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,660 1,375 1,290 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 95 40 55 960 445 520
Colombia 385 190 195 465 220 240
Cuba 170 95 80 70 35 30
Haiti 90 50 40 15 0 10
Jamaica 350 210 140 160 115 45
Mexico 165 75 85 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 700 380 320 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 30 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 630 310 320 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,645 1,290 1,345 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 80 40 40 790 415 370
Germany 90 50 40 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 65 35 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 200 110 90
Romania