Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kelowna [Population centre], British Columbia and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kelowna
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Kelowna [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Kelowna [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 151,957 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 140,131 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.4 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 67,767 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 63,946 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,113.8 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.44 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 151,960 73,295 78,665 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 21,605 10,935 10,670 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 6,795 3,470 3,325 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 7,465 3,720 3,745 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 7,345 3,745 3,605 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 97,445 47,575 49,875 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 8,150 4,175 3,980 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 9,775 5,005 4,775 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 9,730 4,955 4,775 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 9,795 4,855 4,945 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 8,875 4,325 4,555 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 8,620 4,300 4,320 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 9,580 4,690 4,890 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 11,015 5,095 5,920 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 11,475 5,345 6,125 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 10,420 4,830 5,595 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 32,905 14,785 18,125 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 9,630 4,570 5,055 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 7,270 3,355 3,915 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 6,025 2,760 3,260 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 4,820 2,190 2,635 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 5,165 1,905 3,255 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 3,270 1,340 1,930 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 1,475 455 1,020 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 375 105 270 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 45 5 40 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 14.9 13.6 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 64.1 64.9 63.4 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 21.7 20.2 23.0 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 3.4 2.6 4.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 43.8 42.6 45.0 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 44.7 42.8 46.3 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 63,945 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,170 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,695 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 29,455 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,245 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 4,335 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,905 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 15,825 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 145 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,620 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 63,945 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 18,110 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 25,400 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 8,835 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 7,570 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,030 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 147,930 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 130,355 62,355 68,000 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 75,125 37,550 37,580 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 61,800 30,875 30,920 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 13,325 6,670 6,660 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 55,230 24,810 30,420 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 32,680 17,790 14,890 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 3,870 1,550 2,315 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 10,100 3,720 6,380 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 8,580 1,745 6,830 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 43,095 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 25,635 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 7,930 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 7,025 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,500 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 43,095 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 36,585 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 29,925 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,660 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,505 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 5,095 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 1,420 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 36,585 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 21,455 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 15,130 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 6,130 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 6,620 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 2,380 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,510 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 4,180 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,800 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 525 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,495 14,365 17,130 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 63,945 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 40,760 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,345 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,415 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,145 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 22,035 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 18,110 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,925 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 150,070 72,410 77,660 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 139,085 67,455 71,635 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 45 20 30 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 10,165 4,595 5,565 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 770 340 430 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 150,065 72,410 77,655 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 146,920 70,955 75,960 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 2,175 1,020 1,160 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 235 115 120 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 735 315 420 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,295 1,075 1,215 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 150,070 72,410 77,660 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 148,435 71,665 76,765 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 130,120 63,300 66,820 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 127,735 62,205 65,525 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 2,385 1,090 1,295 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 18,310 8,370 9,945 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 105 50 55 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 10 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 0 5 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 5 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 25 5 10 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 5 5 5 15 0 15
Chilcotin 5 5 5 5 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 55 30 20 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 45 25 20 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 5 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 5 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,205 8,320 9,890 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 350 205 150 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 5 5 0 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 5 5 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 345 195 150 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 20 5 10 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 285 175 110 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 25 15 10 960 505 460
Maltese 15 5 15 75 30 40
Tigrigna 5 5 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 275 115 160 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 260 105 150 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,160 430 730 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 5 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 55 20 35 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 5 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 20 5 10 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 75 25 45 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 5 0 35 10 25
Malay 50 20 30 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 940 340 600 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 980 430 550
Creole languages 25 5 15 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 60 35 30 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 5 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 30 20 15 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 25 15 15 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 10 5 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 13,300 6,230 7,065 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 15 5 5 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 5 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 3,065 1,340 1,720 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 45 20 25 1,010 475 535
Latvian 25 10 15 415 195 220
Lithuanian 20 10 10 600 285 315
Slavic languages 3,020 1,320 1,700 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 10 5 5 65 30 30
Bosnian 50 25 25 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 25 15 10 1,545 790 755
Croatian 260 130 130 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 250 120 130 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 5 5 0 360 185 175
Polish 640 285 360 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 620 255 365 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 155 70 80 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 970 480 485
Slovak 85 35 55 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 95 55 45 695 320 370
Ukrainian 730 280 455 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 215 120 100
Celtic languages 10 5 5 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 135 70 65
Welsh 5 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,485 2,520 2,965 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 140 75 65 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 130 55 70 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 780 375 405 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 5 5 0 360 200 160
German 4,270 1,945 2,320 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 10 0 5 115 55 60
Norwegian 60 25 35 815 370 445
Swedish 75 30 45 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 110 65 45 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 2,455 1,265 1,195 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 2,110 1,075 1,035 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 85 50 35 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 45 25 25 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 175 95 80 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 5 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 10 10 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 40 15 20 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,655 820 830 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 75 45 30 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 345 185 155 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 15 10 10 1,550 845 705
Pashto 10 5 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 320 170 145 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 2,155 1,035 1,125 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 730 365 370 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 320 150 170 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 215 110 105 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 885 405 480 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 360 115 245 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 230 130 105
Georgian 10 5 0 230 130 100
Korean 405 195 205 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 5 0 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 5 5 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 5 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 5 5 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 805 405 400
Shona 10 0 5 1,100 545 555
Swahili 15 10 5 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 5 0 0 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 40 20 25 830 440 390
American Sign Language 25 10 15 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,285 565 725 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 1,285 560 725 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 460 200 265 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 15 5 5 990 465 530
Mandarin 660 280 380 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 40 50 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 5 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 100 25 70 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 10 5 10 1,020 485 535
Thai 85 20 60 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40 30 15 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 365 215 155
Turkish 35 25 10 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 745 315 425 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 15 10 10 190 90 105
Finnish 145 50 95 810 330 480
Hungarian 580 255 325 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,635 740 890 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 335 160 175 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 1,225 540 690 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 55 35 20 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 10 15 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 150,070 72,410 77,655 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 146,790 70,930 75,860 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 140,975 68,155 72,820 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 140,415 67,890 72,520 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 560 260 300 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 5,810 2,780 3,035 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,810 2,775 3,030 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 160 85 70 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 5 0 5 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 150 85 70 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 0 5 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 145 80 70 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 5 0 5 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 70 90 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 155 65 90 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 420 175 235 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 470 215 255
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 20 5 10 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 355 155 205 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 5 0 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 10 5 10 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 10 5 5 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 5 0 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 3,630 1,765 1,860 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 5 5 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 670 315 355 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 15 5 5 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 15 5 10 250 125 120
Slavic languages 655 310 345 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 15 10 5 785 400 385
Bulgarian 5 0 5 825 415 405
Croatian 45 20 25 1,800 905 895
Czech 65 30 35 875 440 430
Macedonian 5 0 5 175 90 85
Polish 165 80 90 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 180 85 95 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 55 25 30 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 5 315 160 155
Slovak 15 10 10 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 150 70 75
Ukrainian 75 35 35 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 795 370 420 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 65 30 35 1,705 835 875
Danish 5 0 5 150 75 75
Dutch 75 35 40 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 630 290 335 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 5 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 10 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 425 215 210
Greek 30 10 15 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 1,515 770 745 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 1,345 675 670 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 45 25 20 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 15 5 5 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 60 30 30 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 5 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 25 10 10 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,150 575 570 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 1,480 750 730
Urdu 40 25 20 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 165 90 75 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 5 5 5 850 440 410
Pashto 5 5 5 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 150 85 70 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 615 290 320 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 145 60 80 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 80 40 45 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 75 35 35 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 315 155 160 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 120 50 70 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 160 85 70
Georgian 5 5 0 160 85 70
Korean 295 145 145 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 5 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 5 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 5 0 5 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 45 30 20 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 20 10 10 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 710 330 380 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 710 330 385 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 230 100 125 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 410 195 215 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 5 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 30 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 20 1,130 505 625
Lao 5 0 5 465 215 245
Thai 25 10 15 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 15 5 5 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 15 5 5 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 180 85 100 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 15 5 10 105 50 50
Hungarian 165 75 90 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 3,280 1,480 1,800 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 185 100 85 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 3,035 1,355 1,680 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 50 20 30 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 150,070 72,410 77,660 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 139,560 67,595 71,960 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 2,850 1,370 1,480 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 1,455 620 835 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 6,050 2,740 3,305 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 100 45 60 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 5,950 2,705 3,245 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 10 10 10 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 60 30 35 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 75 40 35 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 126,345 60,725 65,625 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 122,825 59,025 63,795 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,956 41,282 28,761 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 122,945 59,125 63,820 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,503 36,125 26,567 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,240 55,175 58,060 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,847 38,601 24,881 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,865 37,770 50,095 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,534 6,799 6,418 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 91,150 45,820 45,325 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,088 36,993 25,197 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 126,375 60,695 65,680 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 122,920 59,120 63,800 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,227 56,550 36,661 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 123,050 59,225 63,825 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,617 45,857 31,899 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,330 55,270 58,055 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,978 54,985 33,499 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,850 37,635 50,215 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,949 8,080 7,851 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,185 45,945 45,240 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,147 50,205 31,949 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 126,375 60,695 65,675 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 37,485 20,780 16,710 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,449 57,639 44,167 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,007 69,780 50,096 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.7 90.8 83.4 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 69.6 61.5 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.3 9.2 16.6 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 126,345 60,720 65,625 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,520 1,695 1,825 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 122,825 59,025 63,800 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.2 97.2 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,075 6,245 8,835 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 21,385 8,175 13,210 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 18,585 7,545 11,040 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 15,540 6,680 8,860 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 13,175 6,165 7,010 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 9,805 5,180 4,625 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 7,545 4,455 3,080 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 5,515 3,340 2,175 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 4,225 2,620 1,605 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,870 1,870 1,000 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 9,115 6,760 2,350 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 6,025 4,415 1,610 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 3,085 2,345 740 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 126,345 60,720 65,625 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,400 1,595 1,805 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 122,945 59,125 63,815 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.4 97.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,955 6,665 9,285 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 22,555 8,865 13,695 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 21,955 9,050 12,905 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 18,110 8,070 10,035 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 13,895 6,990 6,905 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 9,780 5,710 4,075 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 6,735 4,105 2,640 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 4,610 2,900 1,715 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 9,340 6,775 2,570 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 2,770 1,895 875 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,795 1,295 500 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 4,780 3,580 1,195 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 126,345 60,720 65,620 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 35,190 14,895 20,295 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 91,150 45,825 45,330 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 72.1 75.5 69.1 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,105 7,015 8,095 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 7,170 2,985 4,185 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 12,405 5,260 7,145 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 10,690 4,660 6,035 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 9,780 4,235 5,550 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 8,660 3,920 4,745 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 6,530 3,490 3,035 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 5,195 3,250 1,945 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 4,035 2,455 1,580 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 11,575 8,560 3,015 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205 2,070 1,135 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,065 1,440 625 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 6,300 5,050 1,250 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 63,945 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,451 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,155 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 18,110 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,777 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,065 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 45,840 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,884 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,989 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 63,885 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,948 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,382 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,060 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,905 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,971 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 45,825 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,304 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,731 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 63,945 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 845 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 660 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,555 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,425 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,040 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,550 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,925 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,920 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,915 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,840 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,180 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,340 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,930 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,510 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,485 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,690 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,445 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,705 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,640 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 63,945 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 910 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 690 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,575 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,555 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,450 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,110 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,510 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,470 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,380 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,210 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,025 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,410 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,755 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,160 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,470 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,270 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,075 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,540 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,655 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 42,755 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,715 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,747 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,095 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,952 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,347 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,240 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,011 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,879 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,115 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,153 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,854 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 42,675 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,999 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,020 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,980 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,446 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,886 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,290 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,387 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,589 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,075 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,979 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,799 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,385 12,995 15,395 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,469 32,557 29,240 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,691 28,955 26,833 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 28,160 12,915 15,245 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,622 43,534 36,308 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,828 36,413 31,637 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 147,930 71,645 76,285 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 74,150 34,425 39,725 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 14,960 6,975 7,985 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 15,275 6,610 8,660 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 14,660 6,775 7,880 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 14,400 6,855 7,545 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 14,855 7,205 7,650 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 73,780 37,220 36,555 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 15,150 7,495 7,665 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 14,875 7,400 7,475 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 15,220 7,715 7,500 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 14,785 7,520 7,265 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 13,745 7,095 6,650 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 139,165 67,540 71,625 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 25,110 12,730 12,375 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 7,785 3,945 3,840 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 87,110 42,430 44,685 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 26,945 12,380 14,560 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,125 8,030 10,100 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 4,010 1,985 2,020 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,325 645 675 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 10,630 4,810 5,825 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 3,490 1,240 2,250 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 11.9 14.1 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 15.6 16.3 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.3 13.0 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 13.0 10.0 15.5 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,645 5,530 6,115 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 2,370 1,175 1,195 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 740 360 385 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 8,535 4,075 4,460 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 735 275 460 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.4 8.2 8.5 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.7 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.1 10.0 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.6 10.0 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.2 3.2 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 148,190 71,750 76,445 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 147,425 71,375 76,045 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 147,355 71,360 75,995 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 10,230 4,580 5,650 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 22,755 10,470 12,280 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 185 75 105 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 45 15 30 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 10 25 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 20 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 10 10 10 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 45 15 30 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 10 30 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 30 0 20 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 80 45 30 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 65 40 30 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,580 10,400 12,185 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 460 260 205 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 20 0 15 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 25 10 15 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 435 250 185 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 40 15 25 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 310 185 125 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 80 45 35 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 10 0 10 145 85 55
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 360 155 210 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 360 155 205 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,395 510 885 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 40 10 30 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 10 10 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 55 25 30 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 60 30 35 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 10 10 0 80 40 40
Malay 100 40 55 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,265 450 820 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 60 25 30 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 10 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 80 45 40 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 60 35 30 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 25 10 10 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 20 10 10 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 16,620 7,790 8,830 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 15 10 10 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 15 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 3,320 1,495 1,830 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 35 10 25 1,360 660 705
Latvian 25 10 20 590 300 290
Lithuanian 10 10 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 3,285 1,480 1,810 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 15 10 10 200 95 105
Bosnian 45 10 35 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 50 30 25 1,795 945 850
Croatian 340 145 195 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 335 190 150 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 10 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 670 285 385 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 895 425 470 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 275 125 150 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25 1,095 550 540
Slovak 135 60 80 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 50 45 735 360 375
Ukrainian 670 290 385 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 250 120 130
Celtic languages 20 15 0 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 6,520 3,000 3,525 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 230 125 100 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 140 60 80 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 790 400 390 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 10 10 0 475 275 205
German 5,275 2,370 2,905 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 10 0 10 160 70 95
Norwegian 75 45 35 1,450 635 810
Swedish 140 75 65 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 20 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 165 85 80 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 2,745 1,445 1,300 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 2,350 1,240 1,110 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 80 45 30 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 40 25 20 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 430 230 200 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 10 10 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 60 25 35 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,885 1,005 880 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 15 0 10 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15 25 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 195 110 85 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 385 205 180 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 55 30 25 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 365 195 165 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 2,100 2,395 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 1,205 535 675 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 420 225 195 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 225 110 115 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 2,815 1,330 1,485 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 130 125
Japanese 700 305 390 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 560 260 300 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 10 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 80 30 45 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 0 0 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 10 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 15 10 10 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 0 0 0 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 360 120 235 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 165 40 120 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 205 85 115 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,455 690 770 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 1,460 685 775 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 520 210 305 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 20 0 10 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 945 440 505 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 25 40 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 75 70 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 105 25 80 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 15 0 10 1,520 730 795
Thai 95 25 70 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 90 45 45 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 15 10 0 630 325 300
Turkish 65 30 35 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 355 170 180
Uralic languages 845 420 420 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 20 15 0 185 85 105
Finnish 130 60 70 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 690 345 345 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 148,190 71,750 76,440 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 140,975 68,245 72,725 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,760 12,980 12,775 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 115,215 55,265 59,950 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,220 3,505 3,715 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 148,190 71,750 76,445 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 125,600 61,150 64,450 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 20,885 9,710 11,175 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 9,390 4,395 4,990 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 2,200 1,045 1,160 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 2,725 1,160 1,560 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 3,885 1,820 2,060 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 1,630 785 845 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 2,255 1,035 1,220 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,690 1,290 1,400 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,705 890 820 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 20,880 9,710 11,170 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 2,300 1,080 1,215 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 3,995 1,975 2,020 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 5,160 2,295 2,865 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 7,965 3,610 4,355 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,460 745 715 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,880 9,710 11,170 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 2,690 1,210 1,480 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 45 20 30 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 80 30 50 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 105 50 50 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 15 0 15 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 25 10 25 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 265 135 135 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 210 105 110 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 85 20 65 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 70 35 30 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,465 665 800 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 325 145 180 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 11,855 5,625 6,225 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 60 70 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 225 90 135 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 180 75 100 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 2,235 1,035 1,200 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 65 25 40 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 340 155 185 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 85 80 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 510 275 235 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 675 375 300 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 690 305 385 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 130 90 45 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 290 150 135 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 265 115 145 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 165 65 100 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 280 135 145 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,070 1,955 2,110 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 1,445 635 815 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 590 280 315 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 10 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 30 20 0 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 35 15 25 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 10 10 0 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 15 0 15 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 0 10 0 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 275 115 155 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 220 110 110 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 5,280 2,335 2,950 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 40 25 15 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 30 15 15 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 555 235 320 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 145 65 80 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 1,295 660 640 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 245 135 110 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 0 10 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 190 60 125 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 415 185 225 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 70 45 25 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 115 45 65 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 1,130 415 715 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 40 15 30 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 20 20 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 120 45 70 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 270 105 165 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 570 245 315 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 465 265 205 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,695 1,295 1,400 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 535 280 250 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 15 0 10 860 370 490
Colombia 15 10 0 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 0 0 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 215 115 100 1,660 765 895
Mexico 85 40 40 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 100 80 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 30 10 15 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 610 305 300 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 20 10 10 425 240 180
Germany 25 10 20 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 0 15 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 715 365 350
Romania 25 15 10 1,100 545 555