Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 470,015 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 446,295 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 191,637 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 181,511 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,745.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 269.23 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 470,010 231,990 238,025 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 81,770 41,770 39,995 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 26,100 13,390 12,710 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 28,040 14,330 13,710 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 27,620 14,050 13,575 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 321,695 160,345 161,350 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 29,160 14,930 14,230 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 35,985 18,785 17,200 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 34,365 17,400 16,960 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 32,910 16,370 16,540 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 31,080 15,340 15,740 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 31,575 15,450 16,120 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 32,925 16,180 16,745 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 35,495 17,525 17,970 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 31,780 15,700 16,080 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 26,420 12,665 13,765 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 66,550 29,880 36,675 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 21,945 10,475 11,470 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 15,530 7,170 8,360 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 11,565 5,335 6,225 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 8,515 3,650 4,865 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 8,995 3,250 5,750 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 5,665 2,130 3,530 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,720 995 1,730 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 530 120 420 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 75 5 70 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.0 16.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.4 69.1 67.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.2 12.9 15.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.1 38.1 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.1 39.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 181,510 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 95,615 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,945 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 63,785 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,140 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 21,885 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,580 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,915 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 165 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 181,510 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 45,985 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 59,700 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 30,315 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 29,105 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,405 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 463,210 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 388,250 190,220 198,030 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 222,075 110,910 111,170 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 186,790 93,295 93,500 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 35,280 17,615 17,670 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 166,170 79,315 86,865 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 112,005 61,395 50,610 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 12,230 5,155 7,070 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 22,545 8,670 13,870 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 19,395 4,090 15,310 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 131,175 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 62,065 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 29,540 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 28,020 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,560 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 131,175 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 108,810 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 91,170 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,635 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,365 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 17,890 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,475 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 108,810 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 48,910 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 59,900 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 22,835 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 26,130 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 10,940 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,370 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 13,150 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,700 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,515 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 76,580 38,460 38,120 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 181,515 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,100 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 45,685 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 77,415 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,455 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 45,985 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,465 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 465,000 229,970 235,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 424,630 212,640 211,990 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 205 75 130 1,110 530 580
English and French 31,710 13,820 17,895 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 8,455 3,435 5,020 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 465,000 229,970 235,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 448,830 222,860 225,970 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,345 2,525 2,815 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,520 1,215 1,305 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 8,305 3,365 4,935 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,605 3,140 3,470 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 465,000 229,970 235,035 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 455,495 225,285 230,205 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 342,995 170,445 172,555 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 337,555 167,845 169,715 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,440 2,595 2,840 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 112,500 54,845 57,655 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 25 10 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 112,470 54,835 57,635 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,805 4,970 4,835 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 10 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 25 15 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,205 580 630 1,355 675 680
Bilen 100 55 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 45 165 95 75
Somali 985 460 525 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 5 5
Semitic languages 8,570 4,375 4,200 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 795 375 415 1,140 560 585
Arabic 6,465 3,355 3,110 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 115 60 50 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 25 30 80 40 40
Tigrigna 775 370 405 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,870 1,870 2,000 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 255 120 135 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,615 1,755 1,860 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,150 775 1,375 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 110 30 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 115 40 70 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 165 65 100 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 595 1,065 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 155 80 75 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,745 945 805 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 85 50 35 225 115 110
Malayalam 600 315 285 1,750 905 845
Tamil 725 395 335 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 315 180 135 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 460 220 245 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 74,005 36,130 37,875 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 950 500 455 1,090 560 530
Armenian 625 315 310 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 17,575 8,445 9,130 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 160 75 80 645 280 370
Latvian 70 40 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 85 35 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 17,415 8,365 9,050 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 525 265 260 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 150 75 75 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,005 1,010 990 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 700 325 370 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 245 120 125 250 120 135
Polish 4,925 2,295 2,625 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,730 800 935 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 4,925 2,465 2,460 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 500 240 265 1,145 545 600
Slovak 530 240 295 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 115 110 545 250 290
Ukrainian 740 310 425 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 100 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 15 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 15 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,735 4,485 5,245 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 90 50 40 1,435 730 705
Danish 150 70 80 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,390 630 760 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 25 15 10 80 30 50
German 7,910 3,640 4,270 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 65 35 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,285 635 650 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 19,185 9,910 9,280 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 13,880 7,165 6,715 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 905 485 410 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,750 1,420 1,335 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,520 830 685 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 40 25 20 225 110 110
Marathi 150 75 80 535 280 255
Nepali 255 135 120 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,575 2,315 2,260 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 235 110 125 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 125 120 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,180 1,635 1,550 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,100 2,645 2,455 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 630 345 285 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,015 535 480 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,460 1,765 1,690 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 24,620 11,825 12,795 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 1,760 920 835 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 9,350 4,445 4,900 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 5,280 2,545 2,735 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,220 3,905 4,315 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 405 155 250 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,055 990 1,065 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 10 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 650 305 345 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 60 35 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 15 15 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 10 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 10 65 35 30
Igbo 35 20 15 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 90 40 50 150 70 85
Swahili 140 60 80 585 285 295
Wolof 10 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 75 40 30 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 80 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 280 135 145 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 190 85 100
Sign languages 115 55 60 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 30 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,875 6,335 6,540 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 12,510 6,145 6,365 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,145 1,050 1,095 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 75 35 45 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 9,300 4,550 4,745 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 125 115 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 325 300 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 195 175 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 70 65 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 115 60 55 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,125 510 615 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,005 475 530 800 405 400
Thai 120 35 85 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 885 450 435 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 60 35 25 495 275 225
Turkish 760 390 375 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 5 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,825 880 940 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 90 40 50 455 195 260
Finnish 140 65 75 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,590 780 815 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 9,505 4,685 4,825 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,150 560 590 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 7,920 3,920 4,005 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 210 100 110 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 230 105 120 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 465,000 229,970 235,030 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 442,590 218,985 223,605 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 385,030 191,045 193,985 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 383,495 190,330 193,155 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,535 710 830 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 57,560 27,940 29,625 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,555 27,935 29,620 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,310 3,100 3,215 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 10 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 795 360 435 695 315 380
Bilen 85 45 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 30 80 40 35
Somali 650 295 350 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 5,505 2,730 2,775 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 525 245 285 535 250 290
Arabic 4,185 2,115 2,075 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 305 160 145
Harari 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 25 25 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 505 235 270 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,190 1,290 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,350 1,130 1,215 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 750 325 430 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 25 15 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 60 25 30 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 625 260 360 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 85 40 50 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 910 485 430 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 35 25 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 355 185 170 885 450 435
Tamil 355 190 165 1,935 965 965
Telugu 155 85 75 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 175 80 95 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 34,310 16,590 17,720 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 535 275 260 530 255 270
Armenian 400 195 205 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,545 4,135 4,410 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,525 4,130 4,400 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 255 135 120 540 270 270
Bulgarian 65 35 30 925 425 495
Croatian 840 410 435 1,795 840 955
Czech 230 110 120 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 125 60 65 120 60 60
Polish 2,065 990 1,075 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 970 465 505 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,150 1,550 1,600 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 220 105 120 435 205 235
Slovak 190 85 105 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 60 25 35
Ukrainian 270 115 150 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,240 540 705 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 25 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 100 45 55 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 0 5 5 0
German 1,090 465 625 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 5 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 465 210 255 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 11,695 5,835 5,860 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,185 4,095 4,090 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 530 270 260 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,655 820 840 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 730 380 350 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 10 5 40 15 15
Marathi 70 30 35 245 125 120
Nepali 150 80 75 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,010 1,505 1,505 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 110 50 60 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 60 595 290 305
Urdu 1,785 890 900 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,400 1,690 1,705 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 335 170 165 1,025 515 505
Pashto 615 305 310 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,445 1,215 1,230 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 11,435 5,400 6,030 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 335 155 180 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 3,940 1,830 2,110 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,605 1,260 1,345 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 4,535 2,150 2,385 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 230 105 130 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,485 695 790 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 25 10 20 40 15 20
Swahili 60 25 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 60 60 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 60 20 40
Sign languages 160 85 75 830 460 370
American Sign Language 80 45 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 45 35 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,875 4,405 4,470 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 8,550 4,240 4,315 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,145 565 580 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 35 20 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,815 3,370 3,445 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 215 200 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 320 165 155 1,630 820 810
Burmese 135 75 60 685 350 335
Karenic languages 110 55 55 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 555 260 295 1,015 435 580
Lao 505 245 265 335 160 175
Thai 45 15 35 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 415 210 205 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 375 190 185 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 490 235 255 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 0 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 470 235 235 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 22,410 10,990 11,420 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 640 300 345 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 21,320 10,490 10,825 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 55 20 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 395 180 215 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 465,000 229,970 235,030 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 400,400 198,595 201,815 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 25,755 12,820 12,935 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,490 1,920 2,575 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 33,195 16,085 17,110 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 50 15 35 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 33,145 16,075 17,075 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 190 80 110 965 435 530
English and non-official language 580 295 280 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 370 160 205 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 381,585 187,530 194,055 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,750 180,335 185,420 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,041 42,382 29,285 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,800 180,340 185,460 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,805 37,637 27,044 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 329,985 166,325 163,665 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,394 42,809 27,365 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 257,190 114,820 142,370 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,368 1,258 4,851 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 280,950 146,140 134,805 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,212 43,850 29,941 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 381,640 187,545 194,100 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,120 180,480 185,640 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,911 54,400 37,658 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,160 180,490 185,670 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,265 44,281 32,417 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 329,875 166,260 163,615 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,531 54,766 36,146 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,450 115,070 142,375 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,951 6,192 7,564 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 281,075 146,200 134,875 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,733 53,874 36,907 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 381,645 187,545 194,100 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 143,910 81,680 62,230 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,230 60,144 47,159 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,469 72,212 54,305 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.4 92.8 84.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.4 80.2 71.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.6 7.2 15.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 381,585 187,535 194,055 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 15,835 7,200 8,635 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 365,755 180,335 185,420 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 51,965 22,590 29,370 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 59,325 23,510 35,815 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 49,715 20,440 29,275 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 42,725 19,055 23,670 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 38,550 18,590 19,960 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 30,675 16,555 14,120 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 22,870 13,335 9,535 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 17,015 10,390 6,625 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 13,115 8,260 4,860 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 11,580 6,930 4,650 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 28,230 20,690 7,540 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 19,330 13,850 5,480 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 8,900 6,840 2,060 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 381,585 187,530 194,055 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 15,785 7,195 8,590 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 365,800 180,335 185,465 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,160 22,935 30,225 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 62,160 24,685 37,470 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 57,965 24,190 33,775 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 52,085 24,225 27,865 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 44,135 23,105 21,025 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 30,570 17,630 12,940 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 21,105 13,170 7,930 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 16,365 10,020 6,345 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 28,255 20,370 7,885 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 9,540 6,435 3,105 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 5,640 4,030 1,610 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 13,075 9,905 3,170 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 381,585 187,530 194,055 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 100,635 41,390 59,250 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 280,950 146,145 134,810 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.9 69.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,575 16,405 18,170 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 21,915 9,505 12,405 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 35,915 15,675 20,245 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 29,385 12,680 16,705 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 30,025 13,310 16,715 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 28,860 14,355 14,505 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 24,130 13,645 10,490 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 17,980 10,860 7,115 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 13,780 8,665 5,120 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 44,380 31,035 13,350 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 11,230 7,245 3,985 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 10,055 6,110 3,945 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 23,100 17,680 5,420 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 181,515 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,255 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,048 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,990 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,933 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,860 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,525 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,413 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,660 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 181,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,564 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,157 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 46,075 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,469 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,687 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,515 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,896 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,897 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 181,510 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,955 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,295 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,580 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,870 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,240 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,965 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,280 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,350 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,385 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,100 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,095 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,510 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,455 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,815 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 62,635 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,045 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,415 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,445 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,735 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 181,510 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,130 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,025 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,375 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,825 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,745 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,025 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,260 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,625 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,850 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,830 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,670 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,485 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,485 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,980 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,945 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 46,245 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,825 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,530 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,890 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 129,035 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,118 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,096 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 44,605 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,777 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,442 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 60,295 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,964 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,064 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,605 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,463 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,184 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 128,995 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,076 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,642 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 44,675 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,847 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 60,395 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,208 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,048 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,485 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,401 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,230 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,795 34,350 32,445 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,051 34,792 29,700 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,341 31,354 27,585 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,925 34,220 32,705 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,918 43,612 38,098 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,646 36,266 32,950 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 463,210 229,210 234,000 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 218,940 105,215 113,730 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 43,575 21,355 22,220 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 40,000 18,020 21,980 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 42,895 20,160 22,735 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 45,255 22,065 23,190 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 47,225 23,620 23,605 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 244,270 123,990 120,275 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 49,460 24,815 24,650 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 49,740 25,240 24,500 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 51,070 25,870 25,195 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 50,665 25,870 24,790 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 43,330 22,195 21,140 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 463,210 229,205 234,005 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 98,240 50,095 48,145 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 31,535 16,205 15,330 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 303,490 151,005 152,485 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 61,485 28,105 33,375 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 59,495 27,645 31,845 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 15,965 8,085 7,885 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,715 2,905 2,810 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 36,780 17,140 19,640 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 6,755 2,430 4,325 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.1 13.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.3 16.1 16.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 17.9 18.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.0 8.6 13.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 36,765 18,410 18,355 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 8,440 4,335 4,105 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,955 1,520 1,435 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 26,885 13,460 13,430 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,440 620 825 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 8.0 7.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.4 9.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.2 2.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 463,360 229,245 234,115 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 454,925 225,825 229,105 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 454,740 225,760 228,980 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 31,885 13,945 17,940 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 134,110 65,485 68,625 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 60 30 30 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,010 65,450 68,560 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,235 6,305 5,930 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 735 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 160 75 80 15 0 15
Oromo 85 40 45 190 110 80
Somali 1,190 610 575 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 10,960 5,640 5,320 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,125 555 575 1,755 905 855
Arabic 8,605 4,465 4,140 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 120 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 155 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 95 60 35 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,045 460 580 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,815 2,295 2,515 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 135 175 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,525 2,180 2,350 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,675 910 1,760 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 95 10 80 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 90 25 60 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 325 140 185 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,275 745 1,530 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 450 230 220 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 115 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,340 1,255 1,085 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 200 115 90 445 210 235
Malayalam 655 310 340 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,185 660 530 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 445 250 190 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 480 225 255 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 91,000 44,405 46,600 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 985 550 435 1,135 580 555
Armenian 765 370 400 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 20,030 9,590 10,440 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 195 100 90 635 310 325
Latvian 125 70 60 310 175 140
Lithuanian 70 35 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 19,865 9,505 10,355 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 70 25 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 795 380 420 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 160 70 85 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,020 1,445 1,575 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 880 450 430 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 340 150 190 345 180 160
Polish 5,530 2,550 2,975 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,520 1,135 1,385 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 6,055 3,100 2,955 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 605 285 315 1,240 595 645
Slovak 700 365 340 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 135 155 725 330 400
Ukrainian 915 365 555 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 250 120 125
Celtic languages 80 40 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 13,355 6,040 7,310 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 210 115 95 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 210 90 115 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,790 740 1,050 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 40 20 20 120 55 65
German 11,165 5,095 6,070 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 75 40 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 125 85 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,770 885 880 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 23,480 12,185 11,295 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 18,450 9,635 8,820 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,155 630 530 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,310 1,715 1,590 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,355 3,375 2,985 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 70 40 25 375 185 190
Marathi 255 135 125 1,275 650 625
Nepali 380 205 175 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,460 3,370 3,085 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 355 170 190 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,480 2,855 2,630 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,500 2,795 2,705 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 825 410 415 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,005 520 485 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,970 2,015 1,950 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 32,990 15,840 17,150 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 2,905 1,505 1,400 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 11,470 5,590 5,875 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 6,470 3,110 3,365 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,050 6,090 6,965 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 815 415 400 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 2,175 1,055 1,115 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 15 10 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,080 570 515 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 90 55 35 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 15 15 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 0 25 105 60 45
Igbo 95 70 25 240 140 95
Lingala 100 60 45 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 10 35 210 95 115
Shona 35 20 10 265 125 140
Swahili 360 170 195 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 230 145 90 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 80 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 210 250 120 135
Sign languages 575 215 360 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 415 140 275 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 80 80 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,520 7,205 7,315 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 14,140 7,010 7,130 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,060 1,495 1,565 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 155 65 90 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 10,995 5,390 5,605 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 10 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 360 175 180 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 80 65 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 770 405 365 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 410 215 190 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 155 80 75 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 95 50 45 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,170 540 630 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,045 490 550 1,125 505 620
Thai 190 65 125 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,475 790 685 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 145 100 45 835 455 385
Turkish 1,275 685 590 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 45 15 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,125 1,055 1,070 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 145 75 65 495 205 295
Finnish 140 65 75 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,845 915 925 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 463,360 229,250 234,115 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 430,715 213,045 217,665 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 94,155 47,980 46,175 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 336,560 165,065 171,495 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 32,650 16,205 16,450 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 463,360 229,250 234,115 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 341,260 169,505 171,755 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,910 54,790 58,120 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 33,085 15,945 17,145 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 14,860 7,350 7,510 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 22,845 11,195 11,655 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 28,490 13,690 14,800 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 14,170 6,835 7,345 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 14,320 6,860 7,460 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,620 6,610 7,015 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,190 4,950 4,235 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,910 54,790 58,120 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 12,735 6,520 6,210 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 22,520 11,730 10,785 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 24,220 10,785 13,435 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 45,435 22,175 23,260 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,005 3,585 4,425 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,905 54,790 58,120 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 16,505 7,600 8,905 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 480 220 260 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,615 730 885 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,935 910 1,025 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,240 1,015 1,225 920 415 500
Haiti 40 20 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,870 940 935 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 755 340 420 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 180 85 95 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 675 305 370 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,505 1,465 2,040 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,200 1,570 1,630 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 47,740 23,130 24,610 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,600 1,505 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,965 965 1,000 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 285 145 140 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,150 1,910 2,240 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 570 260 310 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 765 370 390 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 410 205 205 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,065 605 460 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,375 655 725 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,030 1,855 2,175 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 6,800 3,270 3,530 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 4,910 2,335 2,575 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 755 340 420 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,420 1,220 1,205 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 715 320 390 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,040 4,945 5,095 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,390 2,150 2,240 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,130 3,580 3,550 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 55 30 30 430 270 150
Egypt 1,175 620 550 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 945 480 470 1,665 835 825
Kenya 405 195 215 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 50 25 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 305 185 125 1,205 630 575
Somalia 720 335 380 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 470 235 240 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,000 1,485 1,520 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 41,260 20,335 20,925 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,255 565 690 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 690 360 325 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,280 2,985 3,295 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 430 335 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 8,245 4,215 4,035 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,560 845 710 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,935 1,000 935 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 140 40 100 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,415 745 675 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 630 330 300 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,725 1,945 1,780 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,380 895 1,485 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 905 445 460 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,630 835 795 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 455 225 230 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 3,300 1,540 1,760 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 5,945 2,935 3,010 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 270 140 130 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,620 6,610 7,015 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,595 730 865 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 50 25 25 960 445 520
Colombia 265 90 165 465 220 240
Cuba 85 35 50 70 35 30
Haiti 15 10 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 145 90 55 160 115 45
Mexico 90 35 55 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 520 215 310 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 400 215 190 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,630 785 845 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 25 20 790 415 370
Germany 95 50 45 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 200 110 90
Romania