Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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Characteristic Kitchener
Ontario
[Population centre]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 470,015 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 446,295 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 191,637 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 181,511 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,745.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 269.23 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 470,010 231,990 238,025 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 81,770 41,770 39,995 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 26,100 13,390 12,710 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 28,040 14,330 13,710 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 27,620 14,050 13,575 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 321,695 160,345 161,350 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 29,160 14,930 14,230 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 35,985 18,785 17,200 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 34,365 17,400 16,960 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 32,910 16,370 16,540 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 31,080 15,340 15,740 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 31,575 15,450 16,120 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 32,925 16,180 16,745 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 35,495 17,525 17,970 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 31,780 15,700 16,080 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 26,420 12,665 13,765 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 66,550 29,880 36,675 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 21,945 10,475 11,470 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 15,530 7,170 8,360 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 11,565 5,335 6,225 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 8,515 3,650 4,865 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 8,995 3,250 5,750 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 5,665 2,130 3,530 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,720 995 1,730 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 530 120 420 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 75 5 70 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.0 16.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.4 69.1 67.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.2 12.9 15.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.1 38.1 40.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.1 39.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 181,510 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 95,615 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,945 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 63,785 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,140 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 21,885 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,580 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,915 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 165 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 181,510 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 45,985 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 59,700 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 30,315 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 29,105 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,405 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 463,210 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 388,250 190,220 198,030 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 222,075 110,910 111,170 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 186,790 93,295 93,500 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 35,280 17,615 17,670 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 166,170 79,315 86,865 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 112,005 61,395 50,610 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 12,230 5,155 7,070 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 22,545 8,670 13,870 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 19,395 4,090 15,310 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 131,175 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 62,065 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 29,540 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 28,020 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,560 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 131,175 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 108,810 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 91,170 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,635 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,365 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 17,890 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,475 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 108,810 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 48,910 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 59,900 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 22,835 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 26,130 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 10,940 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,370 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 13,150 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 6,700 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,515 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 76,580 38,460 38,120 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 181,515 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,100 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 45,685 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 77,415 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,455 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 45,985 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,465 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 465,000 229,970 235,030 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 424,630 212,640 211,990 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 205 75 130 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 31,710 13,820 17,895 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 8,455 3,435 5,020 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 465,000 229,970 235,030 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 448,830 222,860 225,970 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 5,345 2,525 2,815 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,520 1,215 1,305 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 8,305 3,365 4,935 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,605 3,140 3,470 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 465,000 229,970 235,035 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 455,495 225,285 230,205 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 342,995 170,445 172,555 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 337,555 167,845 169,715 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,440 2,595 2,840 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 112,500 54,845 57,655 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 25 10 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 20 5 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 112,470 54,835 57,635 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,805 4,970 4,835 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 25 10 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 25 15 10 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,205 580 630 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 100 55 45 250 140 110
Oromo 85 40 45 1,445 720 730
Somali 985 460 525 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,570 4,375 4,200 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 795 375 415 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 6,465 3,355 3,110 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 115 60 50 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 60 25 30 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 775 370 405 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,870 1,870 2,000 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 255 120 135 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,615 1,755 1,860 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,150 775 1,375 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 110 30 75 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 115 40 70 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 165 65 100 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 595 1,065 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 155 80 75 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,745 945 805 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 85 50 35 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 600 315 285 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 725 395 335 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 315 180 135 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 460 220 245 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 74,005 36,130 37,875 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 950 500 455 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 625 315 310 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 17,575 8,445 9,130 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 160 75 80 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 70 40 35 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 85 35 45 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 17,415 8,365 9,050 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 525 265 260 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 150 75 75 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 2,005 1,010 990 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 700 325 370 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 245 120 125 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 4,925 2,295 2,625 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,730 800 935 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 4,925 2,465 2,460 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 500 240 265 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 530 240 295 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 115 110 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 740 310 425 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 100 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 15 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 15 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 9,735 4,485 5,245 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 90 50 40 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 150 70 80 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,390 630 760 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 25 15 10 1,240 630 620
German 7,910 3,640 4,270 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 65 35 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,285 635 650 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 19,185 9,910 9,280 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 13,880 7,165 6,715 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 905 485 410 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,750 1,420 1,335 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,520 830 685 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 40 25 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 150 75 80 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 255 135 120 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,575 2,315 2,260 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 235 110 125 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 125 120 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,180 1,635 1,550 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5,100 2,645 2,455 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 630 345 285 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,015 535 480 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,460 1,765 1,690 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 24,620 11,825 12,795 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 5 10 285 150 135
Italian 1,760 920 835 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 9,350 4,445 4,900 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 5,280 2,545 2,735 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,220 3,905 4,315 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 405 155 250 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,055 990 1,065 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 10 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 650 305 345 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 60 35 30 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 15 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 10 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 10 760 360 400
Igbo 35 20 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 90 40 50 1,455 660 790
Swahili 140 60 80 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 75 40 30 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 80 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 280 135 145 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 115 55 60 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 70 30 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,875 6,335 6,540 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 12,510 6,145 6,365 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,145 1,050 1,095 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 75 35 45 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 9,300 4,550 4,745 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 125 115 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 325 300 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 195 175 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 140 70 65 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 115 60 55 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,125 510 615 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 1,005 475 530 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 120 35 85 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 885 450 435 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 60 35 25 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 760 390 375 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 15 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,825 880 940 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 90 40 50 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 140 65 75 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,590 780 815 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 9,505 4,685 4,825 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,150 560 590 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 7,920 3,920 4,005 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 210 100 110 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 230 105 120 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 465,000 229,970 235,030 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 442,590 218,985 223,605 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 385,030 191,045 193,985 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 383,495 190,330 193,155 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,535 710 830 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 57,560 27,940 29,625 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,555 27,935 29,620 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,310 3,100 3,215 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 5 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 15 10 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 795 360 435 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 85 45 45 170 80 85
Oromo 50 20 30 805 380 425
Somali 650 295 350 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,505 2,730 2,775 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 525 245 285 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,185 2,115 2,075 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 55 25 25 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 505 235 270 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,190 1,290 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,350 1,130 1,215 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 750 325 430 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 910 385 530
Ilocano 25 15 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 60 25 30 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 625 260 360 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 85 40 50 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 910 485 430 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 35 25 15 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 355 185 170 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 355 190 165 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 155 85 75 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 175 80 95 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 34,310 16,590 17,720 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 535 275 260 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 400 195 205 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,545 4,135 4,410 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,525 4,130 4,400 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 255 135 120 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 35 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 840 410 435 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 230 110 120 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 125 60 65 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,065 990 1,075 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 970 465 505 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 3,150 1,550 1,600 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 220 105 120 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 190 85 105 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 270 115 150 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,240 540 705 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 25 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 100 45 55 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 5 0 90 45 45
German 1,090 465 625 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 5 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 15 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 655 315 340
Greek 465 210 255 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 11,695 5,835 5,860 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,185 4,095 4,090 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 530 270 260 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,655 820 840 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 730 380 350 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 5 540 260 280
Marathi 70 30 35 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 150 80 75 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,010 1,505 1,505 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 110 50 60 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 60 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,785 890 900 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,400 1,690 1,705 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 335 170 165 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 615 305 310 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 2,445 1,215 1,230 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,435 5,400 6,030 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 335 155 180 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 3,940 1,830 2,110 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,605 1,260 1,345 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 4,535 2,150 2,385 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 230 105 130 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,485 695 790 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 25 10 20 455 210 245
Swahili 60 25 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 60 60 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 425 195 225
Sign languages 160 85 75 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 80 45 40 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 45 35 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,875 4,405 4,470 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 8,550 4,240 4,315 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,145 565 580 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 35 20 20 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,815 3,370 3,445 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 30 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 215 200 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 320 165 155 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 135 75 60 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 110 55 55 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 555 260 295 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 505 245 265 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 45 15 35 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 415 210 205 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 770 385 380
Turkish 375 190 185 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 490 235 255 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 0 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 470 235 235 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 22,410 10,990 11,420 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 640 300 345 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 21,320 10,490 10,825 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 55 20 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 395 180 215 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 465,000 229,970 235,030 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 400,400 198,595 201,815 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 25,755 12,820 12,935 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,490 1,920 2,575 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 33,195 16,085 17,110 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 50 15 35 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 33,145 16,075 17,075 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 190 80 110 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 580 295 280 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 370 160 205 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 381,585 187,530 194,055 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,750 180,335 185,420 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,041 42,382 29,285 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,800 180,340 185,460 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,805 37,637 27,044 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 329,985 166,325 163,665 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,394 42,809 27,365 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 257,190 114,820 142,370 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,368 1,258 4,851 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 280,950 146,140 134,805 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,212 43,850 29,941 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 381,640 187,545 194,100 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,120 180,480 185,640 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,911 54,400 37,658 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,160 180,490 185,670 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,265 44,281 32,417 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 329,875 166,260 163,615 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,531 54,766 36,146 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,450 115,070 142,375 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,951 6,192 7,564 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 281,075 146,200 134,875 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,733 53,874 36,907 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 381,645 187,545 194,100 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 143,910 81,680 62,230 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,230 60,144 47,159 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,469 72,212 54,305 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.4 92.8 84.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.4 80.2 71.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.6 7.2 15.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 381,585 187,535 194,055 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 15,835 7,200 8,635 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 365,755 180,335 185,420 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 51,965 22,590 29,370 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 59,325 23,510 35,815 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 49,715 20,440 29,275 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 42,725 19,055 23,670 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 38,550 18,590 19,960 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 30,675 16,555 14,120 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 22,870 13,335 9,535 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 17,015 10,390 6,625 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 13,115 8,260 4,860 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 11,580 6,930 4,650 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 28,230 20,690 7,540 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 19,330 13,850 5,480 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 8,900 6,840 2,060 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 381,585 187,530 194,055 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 15,785 7,195 8,590 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 365,800 180,335 185,465 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,160 22,935 30,225 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 62,160 24,685 37,470 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 57,965 24,190 33,775 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 52,085 24,225 27,865 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 44,135 23,105 21,025 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 30,570 17,630 12,940 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 21,105 13,170 7,930 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 16,365 10,020 6,345 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 28,255 20,370 7,885 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 9,540 6,435 3,105 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,640 4,030 1,610 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 13,075 9,905 3,170 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 381,585 187,530 194,055 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 100,635 41,390 59,250 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 280,950 146,145 134,810 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.9 69.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,575 16,405 18,170 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 21,915 9,505 12,405 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 35,915 15,675 20,245 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 29,385 12,680 16,705 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 30,025 13,310 16,715 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 28,860 14,355 14,505 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 24,130 13,645 10,490 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 17,980 10,860 7,115 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 13,780 8,665 5,120 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 44,380 31,035 13,350 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 11,230 7,245 3,985 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 10,055 6,110 3,945 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 23,100 17,680 5,420 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 181,515 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,255 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,048 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,990 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,933 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,860 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,525 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,413 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,660 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 181,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,564 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,157 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 46,075 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,469 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,687 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,515 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,896 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,897 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 181,510 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,955 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,295 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,580 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,870 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,240 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,965 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,280 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,350 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,385 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,100 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,095 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,510 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,455 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,815 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 62,635 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,045 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,415 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,445 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,735 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 181,510 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,130 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,025 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,375 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,825 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,745 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,025 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,260 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,625 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,850 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,830 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,670 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,485 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,485 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,980 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,945 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 46,245 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,825 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,530 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,890 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 129,035 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,118 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,096 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 44,605 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,777 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,442 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 60,295 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,964 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,064 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,605 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,463 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,184 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 128,995 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,076 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,642 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 44,675 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,847 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 60,395 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,208 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,048 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,485 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,401 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,230 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,795 34,350 32,445 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,051 34,792 29,700 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,341 31,354 27,585 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,925 34,220 32,705 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,918 43,612 38,098 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,646 36,266 32,950 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 463,210 229,210 234,000 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 218,940 105,215 113,730 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 43,575 21,355 22,220 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 40,000 18,020 21,980 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 42,895 20,160 22,735 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 45,255 22,065 23,190 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 47,225 23,620 23,605 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 244,270 123,990 120,275 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 49,460 24,815 24,650 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 49,740 25,240 24,500 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 51,070 25,870 25,195 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 50,665 25,870 24,790 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 43,330 22,195 21,140 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 463,210 229,205 234,005 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 98,240 50,095 48,145 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 31,535 16,205 15,330 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 303,490 151,005 152,485 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 61,485 28,105 33,375 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 59,495 27,645 31,845 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 15,965 8,085 7,885 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,715 2,905 2,810 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 36,780 17,140 19,640 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 6,755 2,430 4,325 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.1 13.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.3 16.1 16.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 17.9 18.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.0 8.6 13.0 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 36,765 18,410 18,355 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 8,440 4,335 4,105 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,955 1,520 1,435 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 26,885 13,460 13,430 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,440 620 825 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 8.0 7.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.4 9.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.2 2.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 463,360 229,245 234,115 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 454,925 225,825 229,105 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 454,740 225,760 228,980 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 31,885 13,945 17,940 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 134,110 65,485 68,625 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 60 30 30 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,010 65,450 68,560 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,235 6,305 5,930 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 735 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 160 75 80 355 200 160
Oromo 85 40 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,190 610 575 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 10,960 5,640 5,320 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,125 555 575 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 8,605 4,465 4,140 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 120 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 380 225 155 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 95 60 35 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,045 460 580 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,815 2,295 2,515 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 135 175 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,525 2,180 2,350 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,675 910 1,760 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 95 10 80 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 90 25 60 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 325 140 185 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,275 745 1,530 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 450 230 220 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 115 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,340 1,255 1,085 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 200 115 90 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 655 310 340 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,185 660 530 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 445 250 190 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 480 225 255 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 91,000 44,405 46,600 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 985 550 435 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 765 370 400 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 20,030 9,590 10,440 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 195 100 90 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 125 70 60 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 70 35 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 19,865 9,505 10,355 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 70 25 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 795 380 420 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 160 70 85 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 3,020 1,445 1,575 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 880 450 430 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 340 150 190 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,530 2,550 2,975 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,520 1,135 1,385 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 6,055 3,100 2,955 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 605 285 315 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 700 365 340 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 135 155 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 915 365 555 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 80 40 40 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 15 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 13,355 6,040 7,310 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 210 115 95 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 210 90 115 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,790 740 1,050 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 40 20 20 1,655 820 835
German 11,165 5,095 6,070 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 75 40 35 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 125 85 35 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,770 885 880 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 23,480 12,185 11,295 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 18,450 9,635 8,820 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,155 630 530 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,310 1,715 1,590 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 6,355 3,375 2,985 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 70 40 25 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 255 135 125 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 380 205 175 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,460 3,370 3,085 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 355 170 190 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,480 2,855 2,630 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 5,500 2,795 2,705 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 825 410 415 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,005 520 485 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 3,970 2,015 1,950 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 32,990 15,840 17,150 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 2,905 1,505 1,400 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 11,470 5,590 5,875 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 6,470 3,110 3,365 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,050 6,090 6,965 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 815 415 400 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,175 1,055 1,115 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 15 10 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,080 570 515 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 90 55 35 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 25 15 15 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 25 0 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 95 70 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 100 60 45 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 10 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 35 20 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 360 170 195 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 230 145 90 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 80 75 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 210 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 575 215 360 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 415 140 275 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 80 80 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,520 7,205 7,315 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 14,140 7,010 7,130 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,060 1,495 1,565 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 155 65 90 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 10,995 5,390 5,605 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 10 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 360 175 180 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 80 65 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 770 405 365 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 410 215 190 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 155 80 75 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 95 50 45 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,170 540 630 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,045 490 550 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 190 65 125 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,475 790 685 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 145 100 45 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,275 685 590 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 45 15 25 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,125 1,055 1,070 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 145 75 65 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 140 65 75 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,845 915 925 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 463,360 229,250 234,115 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 430,715 213,045 217,665 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 94,155 47,980 46,175 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 336,560 165,065 171,495 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 32,650 16,205 16,450 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 463,360 229,250 234,115 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 341,260 169,505 171,755 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,910 54,790 58,120 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 33,085 15,945 17,145 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 14,860 7,350 7,510 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 22,845 11,195 11,655 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 28,490 13,690 14,800 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 14,170 6,835 7,345 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 14,320 6,860 7,460 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,620 6,610 7,015 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,190 4,950 4,235 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,910 54,790 58,120 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 12,735 6,520 6,210 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 22,520 11,730 10,785 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 24,220 10,785 13,435 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 45,435 22,175 23,260 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 8,005 3,585 4,425 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,905 54,790 58,120 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 16,505 7,600 8,905 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 480 220 260 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,615 730 885 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,935 910 1,025 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,240 1,015 1,225 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 20 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,870 940 935 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 755 340 420 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 180 85 95 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 675 305 370 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,505 1,465 2,040 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 3,200 1,570 1,630 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 47,740 23,130 24,610 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,600 1,505 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,965 965 1,000 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 285 145 140 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,150 1,910 2,240 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 570 260 310 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 765 370 390 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 410 205 205 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,065 605 460 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,375 655 725 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,030 1,855 2,175 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 6,800 3,270 3,530 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 4,910 2,335 2,575 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 755 340 420 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,420 1,220 1,205 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 715 320 390 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,040 4,945 5,095 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,390 2,150 2,240 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 7,130 3,580 3,550 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 55 30 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,175 620 550 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 945 480 470 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 405 195 215 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 50 25 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 305 185 125 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 720 335 380 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 470 235 240 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,000 1,485 1,520 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 41,260 20,335 20,925 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,255 565 690 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 690 360 325 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,280 2,985 3,295 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 430 335 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 8,245 4,215 4,035 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,560 845 710 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,935 1,000 935 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 140 40 100 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,415 745 675 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 630 330 300 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,725 1,945 1,780 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,380 895 1,485 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 905 445 460 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,630 835 795 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 455 225 230 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 3,300 1,540 1,760 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 5,945 2,935 3,010 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 270 140 130 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,620 6,610 7,015 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,595 730 865 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 50 25 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 265 90 165 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 85 35 50 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 10 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 145 90 55 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 90 35 55 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 520 215 310 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 400 215 190 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,630 785 845 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 40 25 20 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 95 50 45 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 25 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 880 400 480
Romania