Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener
Ontario
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Kitchener [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 470,015 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 446,295 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 191,637 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 181,511 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,745.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 269.23 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 470,010 231,990 238,025 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 81,770 41,770 39,995 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 26,100 13,390 12,710 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 28,040 14,330 13,710 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 27,620 14,050 13,575 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 321,695 160,345 161,350 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 29,160 14,930 14,230 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 35,985 18,785 17,200 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 34,365 17,400 16,960 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 32,910 16,370 16,540 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 31,080 15,340 15,740 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 31,575 15,450 16,120 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 32,925 16,180 16,745 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 35,495 17,525 17,970 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 31,780 15,700 16,080 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 26,420 12,665 13,765 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 66,550 29,880 36,675 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 21,945 10,475 11,470 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 15,530 7,170 8,360 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 11,565 5,335 6,225 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 8,515 3,650 4,865 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 8,995 3,250 5,750 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 5,665 2,130 3,530 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,720 995 1,730 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 530 120 420 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 75 5 70 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.0 16.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.4 69.1 67.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.2 12.9 15.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.1 38.1 40.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.3 37.1 39.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 181,510 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 95,615 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,945 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 63,785 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,140 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 21,885 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,580 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,915 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 165 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 181,510 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 45,985 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 59,700 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 30,315 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 29,105 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,405 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 463,210 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 388,250 190,220 198,030 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 222,075 110,910 111,170 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 186,790 93,295 93,500 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 35,280 17,615 17,670 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 166,170 79,315 86,865 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 112,005 61,395 50,610 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 12,230 5,155 7,070 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 22,545 8,670 13,870 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 19,395 4,090 15,310 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 131,175 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 62,065 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 29,540 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 28,020 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,560 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 131,175 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 108,810 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 91,170 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 17,635 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,365 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 17,890 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,475 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 108,810 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 48,910 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 59,900 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 22,835 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 26,130 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 10,940 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,370 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 13,150 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,700 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,515 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 76,580 38,460 38,120 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 181,515 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,100 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 45,685 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 77,415 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 54,455 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 45,985 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,465 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 465,000 229,970 235,030 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 424,630 212,640 211,990 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 205 75 130 1,810 820 985
English and French 31,710 13,820 17,895 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,455 3,435 5,020 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 465,000 229,970 235,030 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 448,830 222,860 225,970 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 5,345 2,525 2,815 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,520 1,215 1,305 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,305 3,365 4,935 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,605 3,140 3,470 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 465,000 229,970 235,035 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 455,495 225,285 230,205 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 342,995 170,445 172,555 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 337,555 167,845 169,715 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 5,440 2,595 2,840 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 112,500 54,845 57,655 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 25 10 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 112,470 54,835 57,635 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,805 4,970 4,835 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 10 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 25 15 10 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,205 580 630 1,505 765 740
Bilen 100 55 45 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 45 205 115 95
Somali 985 460 525 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 20 10 15
Semitic languages 8,570 4,375 4,200 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 795 375 415 1,370 670 700
Arabic 6,465 3,355 3,110 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 440 245 200
Harari 15 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 60 50 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 60 25 30 215 100 115
Tigrigna 775 370 405 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,870 1,870 2,000 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 255 120 135 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 3,615 1,755 1,860 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,150 775 1,375 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 110 30 75 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 115 40 70 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 165 65 100 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 595 1,065 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 155 80 75 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 40 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,745 945 805 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 85 50 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 600 315 285 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 725 395 335 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 315 180 135 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 460 220 245 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 74,005 36,130 37,875 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 950 500 455 1,465 765 705
Armenian 625 315 310 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 17,575 8,445 9,130 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 160 75 80 1,070 485 585
Latvian 70 40 35 565 255 300
Lithuanian 85 35 45 505 225 280
Slavic languages 17,415 8,365 9,050 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 525 265 260 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 150 75 75 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,005 1,010 990 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 700 325 370 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 245 120 125 325 160 165
Polish 4,925 2,295 2,625 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,730 800 935 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 4,925 2,465 2,460 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 500 240 265 1,395 670 725
Slovak 530 240 295 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 115 110 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 740 310 425 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 100 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 15 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 15 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 9,735 4,485 5,245 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 90 50 40 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 150 70 80 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,390 630 760 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 25 15 10 295 145 145
German 7,910 3,640 4,270 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 10 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 65 35 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 25 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,285 635 650 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 19,185 9,910 9,280 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 13,880 7,165 6,715 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 905 485 410 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,750 1,420 1,335 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,520 830 685 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 40 25 20 255 130 125
Marathi 150 75 80 620 325 295
Nepali 255 135 120 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,575 2,315 2,260 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 235 110 125 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 125 120 1,675 845 830
Urdu 3,180 1,635 1,550 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,100 2,645 2,455 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 630 345 285 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,015 535 480 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 3,460 1,765 1,690 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 24,620 11,825 12,795 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 5 10 160 85 75
Italian 1,760 920 835 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 9,350 4,445 4,900 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 5,280 2,545 2,735 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 8,220 3,905 4,315 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 405 155 250 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 2,055 990 1,065 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 10 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 650 305 345 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 60 35 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 85 50 35
Ewe 15 15 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 10 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 10 90 45 45
Igbo 35 20 15 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 155 70 80
Shona 90 40 50 215 100 115
Swahili 140 60 80 805 400 405
Wolof 10 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 75 40 30 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 80 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 280 135 145 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 240 115 125
Sign languages 115 55 60 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 30 40 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,875 6,335 6,540 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 12,510 6,145 6,365 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,145 1,050 1,095 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 75 35 45 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 9,300 4,550 4,745 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 125 115 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 325 300 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 195 175 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 140 70 65 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 115 60 55 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,125 510 615 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 1,005 475 530 1,100 550 550
Thai 120 35 85 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 885 450 435 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 60 35 25 530 290 235
Turkish 760 390 375 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 15 5 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,825 880 940 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 90 40 50 705 295 410
Finnish 140 65 75 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,590 780 815 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 9,505 4,685 4,825 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,150 560 590 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 7,920 3,920 4,005 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 210 100 110 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 230 105 120 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 465,000 229,970 235,030 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 442,590 218,985 223,605 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 385,030 191,045 193,985 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 383,495 190,330 193,155 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,535 710 830 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 57,560 27,940 29,625 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,555 27,935 29,620 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,310 3,100 3,215 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 15 10 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 795 360 435 770 355 415
Bilen 85 45 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 30 90 50 45
Somali 650 295 350 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5,505 2,730 2,775 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 525 245 285 600 275 320
Arabic 4,185 2,115 2,075 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 85 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 310 165 145
Harari 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 25 25 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 505 235 270 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,190 1,290 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 800 375 420
Vietnamese 2,350 1,130 1,215 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 750 325 430 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 25 15 15 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 60 25 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 625 260 360 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 85 40 50 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 910 485 430 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 35 25 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 355 185 170 1,225 615 605
Tamil 355 190 165 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 155 85 75 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 175 80 95 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 34,310 16,590 17,720 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 535 275 260 695 335 360
Armenian 400 195 205 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,545 4,135 4,410 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 5 10 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,525 4,130 4,400 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 255 135 120 595 300 300
Bulgarian 65 35 30 1,035 485 550
Croatian 840 410 435 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 230 110 120 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 125 60 65 150 75 75
Polish 2,065 990 1,075 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 970 465 505 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,150 1,550 1,600 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 220 105 120 500 235 265
Slovak 190 85 105 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 145 65 85
Ukrainian 270 115 150 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,240 540 705 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 100 45 55 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 0 10 5 5
German 1,090 465 625 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 5
Greek 465 210 255 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 11,695 5,835 5,860 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 8,185 4,095 4,090 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 530 270 260 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,655 820 840 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 730 380 350 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 15 10 5 40 25 25
Marathi 70 30 35 270 140 130
Nepali 150 80 75 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,010 1,505 1,505 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 110 50 60 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 60 675 330 340
Urdu 1,785 890 900 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,400 1,690 1,705 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 335 170 165 1,080 540 535
Pashto 615 305 310 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,445 1,215 1,230 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 11,435 5,400 6,030 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 5 10 65 35 35
Italian 335 155 180 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 3,940 1,830 2,110 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 2,605 1,260 1,345 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 4,535 2,150 2,385 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 230 105 130 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,485 695 790 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 25 10 20 65 25 40
Swahili 60 25 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 60 60 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 85 30 55
Sign languages 160 85 75 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 80 45 40 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 45 35 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,875 4,405 4,470 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 8,550 4,240 4,315 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,145 565 580 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 35 20 20 700 295 410
Mandarin 6,815 3,370 3,445 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 30 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 215 200 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 320 165 155 1,745 885 865
Burmese 135 75 60 720 375 350
Karenic languages 110 55 55 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 555 260 295 1,380 595 785
Lao 505 245 265 460 225 235
Thai 45 15 35 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 415 210 205 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 195 105 95
Turkish 375 190 185 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 490 235 255 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 0 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 470 235 235 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 22,410 10,990 11,420 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 640 300 345 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 21,320 10,490 10,825 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 55 20 35 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 395 180 215 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 465,000 229,970 235,030 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 400,400 198,595 201,815 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 25,755 12,820 12,935 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,490 1,920 2,575 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 33,195 16,085 17,110 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 50 15 35 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 33,145 16,075 17,075 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 190 80 110 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 580 295 280 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 370 160 205 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 381,585 187,530 194,055 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,750 180,335 185,420 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,041 42,382 29,285 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 365,800 180,340 185,460 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,805 37,637 27,044 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 329,985 166,325 163,665 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,394 42,809 27,365 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 257,190 114,820 142,370 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,368 1,258 4,851 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 280,950 146,140 134,805 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,212 43,850 29,941 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 381,640 187,545 194,100 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,120 180,480 185,640 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,911 54,400 37,658 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 366,160 180,490 185,670 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,265 44,281 32,417 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 329,875 166,260 163,615 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,531 54,766 36,146 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,450 115,070 142,375 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,951 6,192 7,564 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 281,075 146,200 134,875 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,733 53,874 36,907 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 381,645 187,545 194,100 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 143,910 81,680 62,230 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,230 60,144 47,159 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,469 72,212 54,305 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.4 92.8 84.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.4 80.2 71.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.6 7.2 15.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 381,585 187,535 194,055 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 15,835 7,200 8,635 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 365,755 180,335 185,420 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 51,965 22,590 29,370 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 59,325 23,510 35,815 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 49,715 20,440 29,275 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 42,725 19,055 23,670 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 38,550 18,590 19,960 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 30,675 16,555 14,120 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 22,870 13,335 9,535 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 17,015 10,390 6,625 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 13,115 8,260 4,860 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 11,580 6,930 4,650 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 28,230 20,690 7,540 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 19,330 13,850 5,480 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 8,900 6,840 2,060 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 381,585 187,530 194,055 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 15,785 7,195 8,590 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 365,800 180,335 185,465 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,160 22,935 30,225 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 62,160 24,685 37,470 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 57,965 24,190 33,775 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 52,085 24,225 27,865 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 44,135 23,105 21,025 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 30,570 17,630 12,940 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 21,105 13,170 7,930 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 16,365 10,020 6,345 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 28,255 20,370 7,885 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 9,540 6,435 3,105 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 5,640 4,030 1,610 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 13,075 9,905 3,170 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 381,585 187,530 194,055 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 100,635 41,390 59,250 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 280,950 146,145 134,810 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.9 69.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,575 16,405 18,170 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 21,915 9,505 12,405 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 35,915 15,675 20,245 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 29,385 12,680 16,705 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 30,025 13,310 16,715 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 28,860 14,355 14,505 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 24,130 13,645 10,490 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 17,980 10,860 7,115 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 13,780 8,665 5,120 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 44,380 31,035 13,350 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 11,230 7,245 3,985 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 10,055 6,110 3,945 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 23,100 17,680 5,420 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 181,515 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,255 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,048 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,990 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,933 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,860 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,525 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,413 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,660 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 181,595 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,564 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,157 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 46,075 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,469 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,687 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,515 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,896 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,897 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 181,510 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,955 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,295 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,580 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,870 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,240 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,965 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,280 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,350 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,385 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,100 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,095 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,510 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,455 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,815 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 62,635 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,045 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,415 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,445 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,735 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 181,510 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,130 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,025 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,375 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,825 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,745 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,025 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,260 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,625 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,850 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,830 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,670 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,485 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,485 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,980 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,945 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 46,245 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,825 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,530 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,890 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 129,035 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,118 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,096 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 44,605 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,777 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,442 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 60,295 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,964 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,064 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,605 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,463 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,184 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 128,995 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,076 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,642 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 44,675 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,847 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 60,395 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,208 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,048 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,485 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,401 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,230 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,795 34,350 32,445 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,051 34,792 29,700 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,341 31,354 27,585 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,925 34,220 32,705 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,918 43,612 38,098 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,646 36,266 32,950 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 463,210 229,210 234,000 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 218,940 105,215 113,730 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 43,575 21,355 22,220 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 40,000 18,020 21,980 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 42,895 20,160 22,735 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 45,255 22,065 23,190 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 47,225 23,620 23,605 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 244,270 123,990 120,275 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 49,460 24,815 24,650 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 49,740 25,240 24,500 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 51,070 25,870 25,195 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 50,665 25,870 24,790 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 43,330 22,195 21,140 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 463,210 229,205 234,005 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 98,240 50,095 48,145 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 31,535 16,205 15,330 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 303,490 151,005 152,485 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 61,485 28,105 33,375 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 59,495 27,645 31,845 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 15,965 8,085 7,885 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,715 2,905 2,810 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 36,780 17,140 19,640 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 6,755 2,430 4,325 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.1 13.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.3 16.1 16.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 17.9 18.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.0 8.6 13.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 36,765 18,410 18,355 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 8,440 4,335 4,105 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,955 1,520 1,435 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 26,885 13,460 13,430 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,440 620 825 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 8.0 7.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.4 9.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.2 2.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 463,360 229,245 234,115 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 454,925 225,825 229,105 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 454,740 225,760 228,980 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 31,885 13,945 17,940 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 134,110 65,485 68,625 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 100 35 65 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 60 30 30 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,010 65,450 68,560 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,235 6,305 5,930 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,530 785 735 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 160 75 80 20 10 15
Oromo 85 40 45 245 140 110
Somali 1,190 610 575 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 10,960 5,640 5,320 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,125 555 575 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 8,605 4,465 4,140 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 275 155 120 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 380 225 155 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 95 60 35 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,045 460 580 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,815 2,295 2,515 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 135 175 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 4,525 2,180 2,350 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,675 910 1,760 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 95 10 80 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 60 15 40 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 90 25 60 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 325 140 185 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,275 745 1,530 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 450 230 220 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 115 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,340 1,255 1,085 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 200 115 90 510 250 265
Malayalam 655 310 340 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,185 660 530 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 445 250 190 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 480 225 255 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 91,000 44,405 46,600 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 985 550 435 1,640 840 795
Armenian 765 370 400 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 20,030 9,590 10,440 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 195 100 90 1,030 515 520
Latvian 125 70 60 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 35 35 475 220 250
Slavic languages 19,865 9,505 10,355 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 70 25 40 245 115 125
Bosnian 795 380 420 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 160 70 85 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,020 1,445 1,575 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 880 450 430 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 340 150 190 400 220 185
Polish 5,530 2,550 2,975 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,520 1,135 1,385 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 6,055 3,100 2,955 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 605 285 315 1,525 770 750
Slovak 700 365 340 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 135 155 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 915 365 555 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 420 215 205
Celtic languages 80 40 40 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 660 395 265
Welsh 20 10 15 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 13,355 6,040 7,310 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 210 115 95 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 210 90 115 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,790 740 1,050 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 40 20 20 465 230 240
German 11,165 5,095 6,070 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 75 40 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 125 85 35 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,770 885 880 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 23,480 12,185 11,295 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 18,450 9,635 8,820 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 1,155 630 530 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 3,310 1,715 1,590 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 6,355 3,375 2,985 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 70 40 25 415 215 200
Marathi 255 135 125 1,475 780 695
Nepali 380 205 175 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,460 3,370 3,085 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 355 170 190 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 5,480 2,855 2,630 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 5,500 2,795 2,705 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 825 410 415 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,005 520 485 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 3,970 2,015 1,950 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 32,990 15,840 17,150 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 10 10 395 210 180
Italian 2,905 1,505 1,400 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 11,470 5,590 5,875 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 6,470 3,110 3,365 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 13,050 6,090 6,965 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 380 245 140
Japanese 815 415 400 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 2,175 1,055 1,115 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,080 570 515 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 90 55 35 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 25 15 15 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 25 0 25 165 80 85
Igbo 95 70 25 425 240 185
Lingala 100 60 45 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 30 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 10 35 290 125 165
Shona 35 20 10 415 220 195
Swahili 360 170 195 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 230 145 90 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 80 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 210 325 155 165
Sign languages 575 215 360 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 415 140 275 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 165 80 80 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,520 7,205 7,315 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 14,140 7,010 7,130 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 3,060 1,495 1,565 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 155 65 90 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 10,995 5,390 5,605 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 10 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 360 175 180 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 80 65 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 770 405 365 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 410 215 190 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 155 80 75 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 95 50 45 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,170 540 630 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,045 490 550 1,630 735 890
Thai 190 65 125 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,475 790 685 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 145 100 45 945 510 435
Turkish 1,275 685 590 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 45 15 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,125 1,055 1,070 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 145 75 65 780 350 425
Finnish 140 65 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,845 915 925 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 463,360 229,250 234,115 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 430,715 213,045 217,665 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 94,155 47,980 46,175 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 336,560 165,065 171,495 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 32,650 16,205 16,450 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 463,360 229,250 234,115 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 341,260 169,505 171,755 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,910 54,790 58,120 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 33,085 15,945 17,145 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 14,860 7,350 7,510 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 22,845 11,195 11,655 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 28,490 13,690 14,800 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 14,170 6,835 7,345 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 14,320 6,860 7,460 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,620 6,610 7,015 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,190 4,950 4,235 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,910 54,790 58,120 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 12,735 6,520 6,210 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 22,520 11,730 10,785 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 24,220 10,785 13,435 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 45,435 22,175 23,260 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,005 3,585 4,425 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,905 54,790 58,120 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 16,505 7,600 8,905 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 480 220 260 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,615 730 885 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,935 910 1,025 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 2,240 1,015 1,225 1,305 600 710
Haiti 40 20 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,870 940 935 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 755 340 420 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 180 85 95 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 675 305 370 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,505 1,465 2,040 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,200 1,570 1,630 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 47,740 23,130 24,610 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,095 1,600 1,505 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,965 965 1,000 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 285 145 140 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 4,150 1,910 2,240 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 570 260 310 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 765 370 390 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 410 205 205 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,065 605 460 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,375 655 725 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,030 1,855 2,175 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 6,800 3,270 3,530 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 4,910 2,335 2,575 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 755 340 420 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,420 1,220 1,205 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 715 320 390 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,040 4,945 5,095 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 4,390 2,150 2,240 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 7,130 3,580 3,550 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 55 30 30 485 310 175
Egypt 1,175 620 550 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 945 480 470 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 405 195 215 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 50 25 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 305 185 125 1,740 925 815
Somalia 720 335 380 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 470 235 240 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,000 1,485 1,520 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 41,260 20,335 20,925 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,255 565 690 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 690 360 325 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,280 2,985 3,295 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 430 335 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 8,245 4,215 4,035 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,560 845 710 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 1,935 1,000 935 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 140 40 100 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,415 745 675 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 630 330 300 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,725 1,945 1,780 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,380 895 1,485 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 905 445 460 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,630 835 795 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 455 225 230 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,300 1,540 1,760 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 5,945 2,935 3,010 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 270 140 130 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,620 6,610 7,015 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,595 730 865 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 50 25 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 265 90 165 580 250 325
Cuba 85 35 50 140 60 80
Haiti 15 10 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 145 90 55 625 355 265
Mexico 90 35 55 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 520 215 310 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 400 215 190 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,630 785 845 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 40 25 20 970 510 460
Germany 95 50 45 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 245 120 125
Romania 250 105 155 690 310 380