Census Profile, 2016 Census
Lethbridge [Population centre], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lethbridge
Alberta
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Lethbridge [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Lethbridge [Population centre], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 87,572 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 79,364 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.3 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,761 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,623 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,566.5 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 55.90 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 87,575 42,880 44,700 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 15,005 7,675 7,325 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 5,205 2,600 2,605 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 5,250 2,745 2,505 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 4,550 2,335 2,220 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 57,995 28,805 29,195 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 5,045 2,510 2,530 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 7,370 3,680 3,695 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 7,110 3,590 3,515 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 6,420 3,305 3,115 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 5,540 2,785 2,755 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 5,070 2,525 2,545 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 4,900 2,445 2,455 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 5,475 2,685 2,790 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 5,785 2,770 3,015 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 5,280 2,505 2,780 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 14,570 6,400 8,175 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 4,440 2,085 2,360 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 3,330 1,540 1,785 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 2,450 1,070 1,380 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 2,010 880 1,130 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 2,345 820 1,525 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,430 540 890 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 710 235 480 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 185 50 135 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 25 5 20 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.1 17.9 16.4 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 66.2 67.2 65.3 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 16.6 14.9 18.3 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.4 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 39.7 38.6 40.8 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 37.4 36.1 38.8 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,625 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,330 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 760 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,835 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,125 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 2,050 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,775 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,875 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 695 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,625 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 9,970 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 13,185 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 5,260 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 4,425 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,790 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,345 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 72,570 35,200 37,365 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 40,825 20,430 20,395 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 33,985 17,025 16,955 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 6,845 3,405 3,435 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 31,745 14,770 16,975 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 20,455 11,150 9,305 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,510 645 870 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 5,515 2,135 3,380 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 4,265 840 3,425 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,610 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 12,980 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 4,570 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 3,995 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,070 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,610 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 19,845 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 16,430 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,415 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,760 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 2,965 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 795 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,850 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 10,665 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 9,180 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 3,560 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 3,680 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 1,940 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,760 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 2,315 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,010 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,450 9,115 9,330 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,625 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,570 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,260 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,305 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 505 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,545 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 9,970 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,580 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 86,270 42,410 43,865 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 80,995 39,955 41,045 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 25 15 10 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 4,420 2,050 2,370 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 825 385 440 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 86,270 42,405 43,860 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 84,465 41,515 42,955 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 810 420 390 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 200 105 95 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 795 370 425 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 915 475 435 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.1 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 86,270 42,410 43,860 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 85,085 41,820 43,260 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 73,895 36,365 37,530 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 73,045 35,925 37,115 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 850 435 415 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 11,190 5,455 5,735 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 245 105 135 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 230 100 130 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 215 90 120 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 5 5 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 5 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,945 5,355 5,595 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 535 305 230 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 55 30 25 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 25 15 10 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 25 20 15 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 480 270 210 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 55 30 25 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 365 210 160 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 5 5 0 960 505 460
Maltese 5 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 50 30 20 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 100 125 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 205 95 115 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,065 470 590 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 0 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 55 25 35 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 15 5 15 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 5 5 5 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 10 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 5 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 935 410 525 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 980 430 550
Creole languages 20 15 5 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 65 40 25 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 5 0 5 535 270 265
Malayalam 35 15 15 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 15 10 5 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 15 10 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 6,920 3,400 3,525 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 50 30 15 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 5 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 1,130 505 630 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 25 15 10 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5 0 5 415 195 220
Lithuanian 20 10 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 1,105 490 615 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 5 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 40 25 15 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,545 790 755
Croatian 160 70 85 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 45 20 20 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 365 150 210 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 125 60 70 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 40 20 15 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 970 480 485
Slovak 40 20 20 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 695 320 370
Ukrainian 225 90 135 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 215 120 100
Celtic languages 0 0 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 5 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,240 1,090 1,150 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 55 30 35 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 30 15 15 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 775 380 395 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 20 15 10 360 200 160
German 1,300 640 665 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 20 5 10 815 370 445
Swedish 20 10 10 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 25 20 10 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 1,855 945 910 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 1,555 790 760 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 85 50 40 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 145 80 60 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 65 35 35 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 5 0 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 945 470 480 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 60 50 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 15 5 5 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 135 70 70 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 295 150 145 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,550 845 705
Pashto 40 15 25 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 240 125 115 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 1,615 805 810 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 250 130 125 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 75 35 45 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 65 35 30 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 1,225 615 610 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 315 135 180 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 5 0 230 130 100
Korean 170 75 95 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 545 255 290
Mongolian 10 5 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 285 160 125 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 25 10 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 10 5 5 1,165 625 540
Lingala 5 0 5 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 805 405 400
Shona 20 5 10 1,100 545 555
Swahili 90 50 40 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 50 25 20 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 40 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 50 25 25 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 15 15 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 5 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 865 420 450 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 825 390 435 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 425 195 230 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 5 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 310 155 160 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 35 40 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 25 10 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 10 5 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 25 15 10 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 15 5 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 30 5 20 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 0 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 0 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 300 140 155 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 10 5 5 190 90 105
Finnish 20 15 5 810 330 480
Hungarian 270 125 140 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,185 585 600 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 165 85 85 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 960 475 480 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 40 20 25 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 86,270 42,410 43,860 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 84,180 41,405 42,780 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 79,085 38,850 40,235 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 78,820 38,705 40,110 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 270 145 125 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 5,090 2,550 2,540 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 70 25 40 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 70 25 45 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 70 25 40 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,025 2,525 2,495 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 420 235 185 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 45 25 15 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 25 10 15 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 20 15 5 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 375 205 165 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 45 15 20 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 290 165 130 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 40 25 15 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 80 90 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 160 70 85 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 570 305 270 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 45 30 15 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 500 260 240 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 10 5 5 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 25 10 15 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 10 5 5 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 5 5 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 2,780 1,380 1,400 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 10 5 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 340 165 175 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 5 5 5 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 5 5 5 250 125 120
Slavic languages 330 160 170 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 25 15 5 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 0 0 825 415 405
Croatian 60 25 35 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 5 5 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 110 45 65 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 55 30 25 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 20 10 10 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 5 5 5 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 150 70 75
Ukrainian 30 10 20 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 215 110 105 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 45 25 25 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 140 65 75 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 5 0 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 1,335 670 665 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 1,140 575 565 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 60 35 25 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 105 60 45 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 30 20 15 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 790 390 400 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,480 750 730
Urdu 65 35 30 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 190 95 95 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 5 5 850 440 410
Pashto 25 10 15 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 165 85 75 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 880 430 450 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 50 20 35 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 30 10 15 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 35 15 15 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 770 385 385 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 115 45 70 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 115 55 60 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 5 0 5 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 10 5 10 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 5 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 50 35 25 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 15 1,525 765 755
Dinka 25 15 10 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 725 350 375
Sign languages 30 25 10 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 5 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 560 265 295 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 535 250 285 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 270 120 155 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 200 105 100 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 30 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 1,500 770 730
Burmese 5 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 25 15 10 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 1,130 505 625
Lao 5 5 5 465 215 245
Thai 5 5 5 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 35 15 20 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 5 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 30 10 15 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 2,095 1,005 1,085 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 100 50 50 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 1,950 940 1,010 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 15 5 5 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 30 10 20 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 86,270 42,405 43,860 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 79,795 39,240 40,555 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 2,280 1,160 1,120 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 790 345 440 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 3,275 1,585 1,690 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 360 160 195 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 2,915 1,425 1,495 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 35 10 20 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 40 25 15 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 60 30 30 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 70,355 34,415 35,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,710 33,100 34,605 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,389 44,655 30,140 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,720 33,105 34,615 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,160 39,396 28,065 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,600 31,260 31,345 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,801 43,160 27,551 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,410 18,545 25,865 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,399 4,369 5,795 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,500 26,880 25,620 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,601 43,317 29,199 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 70,405 34,450 35,950 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,925 33,300 34,630 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,481 56,320 38,980 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,935 33,305 34,635 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,392 47,039 34,000 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,845 31,460 31,380 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,781 55,019 36,519 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,400 18,505 25,895 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,842 7,802 7,870 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,610 26,965 25,640 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,090 51,779 36,004 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 70,400 34,450 35,955 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,130 13,835 10,295 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,338 59,482 47,144 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,381 67,632 52,979 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.2 92.4 84.7 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.1 68.9 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.8 7.6 15.3 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 70,355 34,415 35,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 2,645 1,315 1,330 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 67,705 33,100 34,605 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.2 96.3 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,755 3,065 4,690 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 10,350 3,990 6,355 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 10,440 4,250 6,190 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 8,155 3,600 4,555 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 7,265 3,600 3,660 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 5,915 3,145 2,770 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 4,425 2,655 1,770 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 3,305 2,075 1,225 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 2,455 1,530 925 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,075 1,285 790 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 5,580 3,905 1,670 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 4,095 2,740 1,350 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 1,485 1,160 325 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 70,350 34,415 35,935 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 2,630 1,315 1,320 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 67,720 33,105 34,620 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.2 96.3 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,965 3,110 4,855 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 10,795 4,190 6,605 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 11,875 4,880 6,995 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 10,055 4,665 5,390 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 8,340 4,430 3,915 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 5,890 3,445 2,445 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015 2,495 1,520 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 2,910 1,835 1,075 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 5,880 4,050 1,830 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 2,110 1,295 815 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 850 375 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 2,540 1,900 640 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 70,350 34,415 35,940 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 17,855 7,535 10,315 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 52,500 26,880 25,620 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 74.6 78.1 71.3 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,875 2,585 3,290 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 4,020 1,690 2,330 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 7,130 3,065 4,065 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 5,955 2,535 3,415 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 5,815 2,620 3,195 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 5,285 2,675 2,605 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 4,540 2,515 2,030 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 3,440 2,110 1,335 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 2,515 1,650 865 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 7,930 5,445 2,485 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 1,240 710 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 1,785 1,105 675 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 4,200 3,095 1,105 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,625 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,614 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,262 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,970 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,453 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,232 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,655 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,440 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,382 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,625 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,537 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,029 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,950 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,375 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,429 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,675 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,266 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,215 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,625 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 350 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 550 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,140 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,840 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,275 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,385 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,645 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,475 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,495 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,885 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,640 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,425 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,210 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,010 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,820 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,140 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,710 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,915 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,055 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,620 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 505 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 360 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 555 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,185 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,950 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,490 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,665 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,860 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,755 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,795 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,335 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,090 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,765 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,460 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,760 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,780 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,210 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,765 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,670 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,257 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,952 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,075 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,541 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,598 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,235 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,355 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,102 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,515 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,250 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,174 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,650 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,468 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,134 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,075 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,117 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,694 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,285 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,348 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,423 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,515 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,828 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,716 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,340 8,110 8,230 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,639 34,700 29,316 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,333 31,595 27,645 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,300 8,195 8,110 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,923 45,624 38,183 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,104 38,667 33,513 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 85,340 42,080 43,265 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,530 19,770 21,755 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 7,645 3,630 4,015 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 8,320 3,750 4,570 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 8,320 3,910 4,410 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 8,535 4,195 4,340 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 8,715 4,295 4,420 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 43,815 22,305 21,505 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 8,810 4,405 4,410 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 8,725 4,430 4,295 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 8,950 4,525 4,430 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 8,860 4,565 4,295 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 8,465 4,390 4,075 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,345 42,080 43,260 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 17,730 9,015 8,710 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 6,220 3,150 3,070 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 54,790 27,195 27,595 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 12,825 5,870 6,955 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,080 4,565 5,515 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 2,860 1,420 1,435 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,155 555 610 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 6,145 2,775 3,365 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 1,080 365 715 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 10.8 12.7 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 15.8 16.5 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 18.6 17.6 19.9 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 10.2 12.2 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.2 10.3 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,480 3,120 3,360 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 1,650 840 810 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 655 320 330 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 4,615 2,180 2,435 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 215 100 115 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.6 7.4 7.8 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.5 10.2 10.7 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 8.0 8.8 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.7 1.7 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 85,510 42,180 43,335 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 84,690 41,805 42,885 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 84,665 41,790 42,875 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 4,460 2,025 2,435 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 14,545 7,305 7,240 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 595 270 325 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 575 260 315 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 540 240 295 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 15 15 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 10 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 10 10 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 10 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,960 7,040 6,920 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 740 395 345 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 85 30 55 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 40 10 25 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 45 15 25 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 655 365 290 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 85 50 35 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 445 235 205 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 20 10 10 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 10 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 145 100 40 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 130 150 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 15 10 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 265 125 140 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,465 680 790 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 10 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 115 65 50 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 40 20 20 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 40 10 30 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 10 0 10 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,370 635 735 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 45 25 20 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 35 30 15 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 125 75 55 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 75 35 35 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 35 25 10 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 15 15 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 8,835 4,525 4,310 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 40 25 15 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 605 670 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 30 25 10 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 10 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 25 20 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 1,255 600 665 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 90 55 40 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 20 10 10 1,795 945 850
Croatian 155 80 75 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 65 35 35 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 365 165 200 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 290 140 145 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 45 25 25 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 45 20 30 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 25 735 360 375
Ukrainian 275 95 180 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 25 15 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 2,605 1,305 1,300 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 100 55 45 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 30 25 10 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 840 395 440 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 25 15 10 475 275 205
German 1,605 830 775 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 30 20 15 1,450 635 810
Swedish 20 15 10 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 15 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 30 20 15 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 2,125 1,130 995 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 1,720 910 810 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 100 60 40 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 130 75 50 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 300 185 110 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 10 0 10 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 1,040 525 510 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 230 120 105 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 145 80 60 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 410 210 190 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 30 10 15 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 115 55 60 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 350 200 155 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 3,015 1,585 1,425 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 10 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 325 165 155 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 70 50 20 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 105 70 35 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 2,565 1,335 1,235 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 420 195 225 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 230 110 115 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 555 305 250 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 90 65 25 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 10 0 620 325 290
Ewe 65 25 40 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 10 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 25 20 10 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 20 15 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 15 10 10 1,810 850 960
Swahili 170 85 85 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 115 55 70 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 30 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 25 20 10 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 85 45 40 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 50 25 30 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 900 415 485 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 890 400 485 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 535 240 300 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 10 10 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 315 140 175 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 40 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 50 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 45 20 25 1,520 730 795
Thai 55 20 35 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 10 0 0 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 0 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 385 190 195 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 10 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 55 45 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 325 145 185 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 85,510 42,180 43,330 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 80,110 39,400 40,715 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,775 8,430 8,340 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,340 30,965 32,370 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,400 2,780 2,620 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 85,515 42,180 43,335 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 72,500 35,595 36,900 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,655 5,825 5,835 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 3,620 1,780 1,835 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 1,055 510 545 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 1,290 625 665 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 2,835 1,470 1,370 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 830 415 415 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 2,005 1,055 950 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,850 1,435 1,415 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,360 765 595 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,655 5,820 5,830 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,225 640 585 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 2,565 1,340 1,225 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 2,535 1,265 1,270 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 4,450 2,095 2,355 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 870 475 400 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,655 5,820 5,835 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 2,220 1,080 1,140 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 10 0 10 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 100 40 60 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 535 300 235 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 40 20 15 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 10 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 20 20 0 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 220 130 90 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 30 10 20 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 10 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 810 345 470 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 435 200 235 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 4,160 2,115 2,045 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 65 50 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 55 35 15 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 40 15 25 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 495 245 250 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 10 10 10 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 160 75 85 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 30 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 185 85 100 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 675 330 340 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 245 100 145 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 15 0 10 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 100 65 35 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 55 25 25 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 30 10 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 110 40 65 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,440 740 700 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 385 220 165 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 1,030 590 445 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 15 10 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 45 40 0 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 115 60 50 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 75 50 30 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 10 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 115 65 50 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 40 20 25 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 125 60 55 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 505 290 210 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 4,125 1,980 2,145 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 190 95 95 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 60 30 30 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 465 215 250 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 20 25 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 355 180 170 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 80 50 35 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 0 10 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 105 50 50 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 100 50 55 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 0 0 0 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 105 60 40 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 1,105 460 645 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 35 25 15 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 140 65 75 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 25 10 20 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 230 130 100 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 1,080 535 540 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 110 60 55 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,850 1,435 1,415 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 305 155 150 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 0 0 0 860 370 490
Colombia 30 10 25 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 10 0 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 10 10 0 1,660 765 895
Mexico 15 10 10 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 25 45 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 185 110 75 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 285 165 120 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 40 15 25 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 15 10 715 365 350
Romania 10 10 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation