Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , London [Population centre], Ontario  Map : London [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 383,437 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 365,715 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 175,205 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 162,861 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,649.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 232.48 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 383,430 185,345 198,090 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 62,045 31,670 30,380 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 20,335 10,490 9,845 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 21,305 10,865 10,440 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 20,405 10,310 10,090 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 257,785 126,020 131,765 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 22,640 11,520 11,120 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 30,160 15,225 14,945 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 28,450 14,185 14,265 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 26,200 12,860 13,345 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 23,700 11,570 12,135 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 23,075 11,220 11,855 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 24,615 11,980 12,635 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 28,465 13,760 14,700 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 27,135 12,870 14,270 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 23,335 10,835 12,500 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 63,605 27,655 35,950 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 20,500 9,510 10,990 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 14,690 6,695 7,995 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 10,925 4,890 6,035 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 8,300 3,455 4,850 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 9,185 3,110 6,075 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 5,510 2,080 3,435 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,905 850 2,055 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 675 170 510 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 90 15 80 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.1 15.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.2 68.0 66.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.6 14.9 18.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.5 39.2 41.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.7 38.0 41.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 162,860 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 80,935 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,985 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 47,790 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,870 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 20,555 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,340 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,855 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 162,860 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 52,040 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 55,135 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 23,965 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 20,460 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,270 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 377,640 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 321,390 153,680 167,710 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 172,085 85,890 86,195 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 142,330 71,010 71,320 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 29,755 14,880 14,875 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 149,305 67,785 81,520 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 98,200 51,670 46,535 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 11,100 4,595 6,505 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 21,815 7,985 13,830 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 18,185 3,535 14,650 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 104,085 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 53,490 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 22,435 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 19,340 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,825 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 104,090 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 84,185 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 69,315 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,870 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 19,900 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 16,090 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 3,815 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 84,185 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 41,275 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 42,905 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 16,850 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 17,795 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,265 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 19,900 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 12,205 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,585 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,110 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 78,610 36,515 42,095 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 162,860 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 100,140 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 39,895 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,245 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,940 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,780 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 52,035 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,740 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 379,035 183,625 195,415 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 344,940 169,220 175,715 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 225 105 115 1,110 530 580
English and French 27,800 11,800 16,000 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,075 2,495 3,575 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 379,035 183,625 195,410 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 366,310 178,105 188,205 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,785 2,145 2,635 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,010 945 1,070 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,930 2,425 3,500 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,790 2,615 3,170 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 379,030 183,625 195,415 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 371,475 179,905 191,570 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 293,595 142,655 150,945 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 288,855 140,540 148,315 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,745 2,115 2,630 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 77,870 37,245 40,625 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 130 45 80 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 55 15 40 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 15 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 15 25 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 50 15 40 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,750 37,205 40,545 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,935 6,605 6,330 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 235 110 130 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 12,640 6,460 6,185 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 255 130 125 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,530 5,385 5,145 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,035 515 515 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 105 105 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 135 80 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 185 95 85 80 40 40
Tigrigna 245 125 120 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,450 1,115 1,335 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 740 340 400 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,710 775 935 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,875 725 1,150 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 75 20 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 165 75 85 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 125 65 65 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,435 535 895 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 35 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,345 715 630 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 30 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 820 415 400 1,750 905 845
Tamil 325 170 155 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 140 95 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 44,580 21,240 23,340 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 990 515 480 1,090 560 530
Armenian 90 45 40 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,100 5,150 5,950 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 210 85 125 645 280 370
Latvian 75 30 40 320 145 175
Lithuanian 140 55 85 325 130 200
Slavic languages 10,895 5,065 5,825 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 10 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 610 300 310 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 75 35 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 765 370 390 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 345 160 185 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 90 35 55 250 120 135
Polish 5,130 2,355 2,775 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,325 595 725 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 815 415 395 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 170 1,145 545 600
Slovak 315 140 170 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 85 120 545 250 290
Ukrainian 850 390 465 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 5 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,075 2,190 2,885 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 60 30 30 1,435 730 705
Danish 170 85 85 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,000 870 1,125 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 40 15 20 80 30 50
German 2,545 1,065 1,480 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 60 35 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 50 85 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,750 870 885 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,630 4,470 4,160 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,535 2,895 2,640 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 450 225 220 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 690 370 325 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 825 450 375 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 85 45 40 535 280 255
Nepali 720 355 365 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,035 565 475 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 60 35 30 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,500 770 725 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,065 1,555 1,505 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 995 525 470 1,650 875 780
Pashto 185 90 95 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,885 940 940 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 16,905 7,995 8,915 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 2,890 1,415 1,480 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,550 2,130 2,420 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 805 370 440 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,640 4,070 4,570 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 230 90 140 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 2,690 1,245 1,445 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 650 310 335 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 65 30 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 10 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 10 65 35 30
Igbo 40 25 20 160 90 65
Lingala 20 15 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 35 15 20 150 70 85
Swahili 130 55 70 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 65 40 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 105 265 135 135
Dinka 105 45 60 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 165 85 75 620 330 295
American Sign Language 95 55 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 40 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,695 4,065 4,630 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,450 3,945 4,505 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,955 925 1,025 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,805 2,685 3,120 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 50 80 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 430 220 210 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 20 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 195 100 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 185 80 110 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 120 60 60 800 405 400
Thai 65 20 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 440 240 195 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 495 275 225
Turkish 330 180 150 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 15 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,185 540 640 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 15 25 455 195 260
Finnish 100 40 60 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,040 485 560 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 7,560 3,725 3,840 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,050 475 575 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,030 3,020 3,015 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 240 120 120 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 240 110 130 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 379,035 183,625 195,415 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 362,445 175,580 186,865 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 323,645 157,085 166,560 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 322,080 156,370 165,710 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,565 715 845 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 38,800 18,495 20,305 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,770 18,480 20,290 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,600 3,715 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 70 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,180 3,540 3,635 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 115 60 55 535 250 290
Arabic 6,095 3,000 3,095 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 335 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 35 25 785 400 385
Maltese 15 10 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 105 55 50 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,510 685 825 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 195 235 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,085 495 590 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 710 310 395 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 55 25 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 25 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 255 335 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 695 375 320 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 15 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 475 245 225 885 450 435
Tamil 145 75 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 60 35 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 19,495 9,280 10,215 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 465 225 235 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,800 2,320 2,485 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 35 15 20 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 10 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,770 2,305 2,460 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 295 145 150 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 285 140 145 1,795 840 955
Czech 100 55 50 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,385 1,135 1,250 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 705 345 360 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 395 210 180 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 85 40 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 250 110 135 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 395 185 210 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 15 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 95 50 50 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 245 110 135 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 0 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 710 335 375 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,080 2,540 2,540 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,170 1,595 1,580 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 250 125 125 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 350 170 175 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 410 215 195 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 45 25 20 245 125 120
Nepali 665 320 340 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 525 275 250 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 595 290 305
Urdu 840 410 425 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,895 935 955 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 600 300 295 1,025 515 505
Pashto 115 55 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 580 600 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 8,005 3,660 4,340 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 720 310 410 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,770 810 965 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 320 155 165 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,180 2,385 2,800 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 45 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,010 920 1,090 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 100 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 10 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 50 15 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 40 105 50 55
Dinka 35 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 20 40
Sign languages 185 100 85 830 460 370
American Sign Language 100 55 45 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 40 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,910 2,760 3,150 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,750 2,680 3,070 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,135 525 610 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,215 1,955 2,265 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 155 130 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 140 70 70 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 30 1,015 435 580
Lao 40 20 20 335 160 175
Thai 25 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 220 110 110 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 160 80 80 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 15 10 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 305 145 155 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 295 145 150 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 16,585 8,045 8,545 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 695 315 385 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 15,410 7,520 7,895 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 85 30 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 395 185 215 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 379,035 183,625 195,410 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 331,615 160,940 170,670 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 17,335 8,465 8,875 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,355 1,765 2,585 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 24,845 12,025 12,825 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 210 80 125 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 24,635 11,945 12,695 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 190 85 105 965 435 530
English and non-official language 275 150 130 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 415 190 225 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 315,750 151,490 164,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,345 144,970 157,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,643 37,247 29,195 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,405 144,975 157,425 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,878 33,547 26,999 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 265,745 129,470 136,275 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,849 37,306 27,163 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,005 101,120 124,885 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,877 2,411 6,236 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 218,060 110,700 107,360 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,230 35,950 29,154 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 315,875 151,550 164,330 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,415 144,970 157,450 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,687 49,733 38,120 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,480 144,970 157,510 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,706 40,973 32,779 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 266,035 129,660 136,380 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,244 50,290 36,546 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,560 101,560 124,995 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,535 6,787 8,143 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 218,215 110,630 107,585 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,151 47,431 36,721 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 315,880 151,550 164,325 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 103,190 55,805 47,385 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,300 55,266 47,663 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,982 66,257 54,769 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.1 90.6 82.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.8 73.3 65.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.9 9.4 17.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 315,745 151,495 164,250 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 13,400 6,525 6,880 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 302,345 144,970 157,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 45,760 21,440 24,325 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 53,430 22,190 31,240 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 42,475 17,710 24,770 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 34,830 15,475 19,355 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 32,165 15,120 17,050 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 23,910 12,175 11,740 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 18,090 9,885 8,205 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,885 7,150 5,730 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 9,530 5,400 4,130 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,885 4,725 4,165 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 20,380 13,710 6,670 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,785 8,965 4,815 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,595 4,745 1,855 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 315,745 151,495 164,250 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 13,345 6,520 6,825 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 302,405 144,975 157,430 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,915 21,685 25,225 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 55,805 23,255 32,555 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 49,045 20,865 28,185 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 42,525 19,385 23,140 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 35,250 17,340 17,910 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 23,985 13,010 10,980 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,720 8,870 6,845 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 12,405 6,780 5,625 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 20,760 13,785 6,970 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,030 4,255 2,775 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,165 2,775 1,390 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,565 6,755 2,810 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 315,745 151,495 164,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 97,685 40,795 56,895 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 218,060 110,700 107,355 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.1 73.1 65.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 31,555 15,805 15,750 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 18,420 8,425 9,995 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 29,730 13,640 16,090 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 24,140 11,260 12,880 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 22,790 10,400 12,390 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 22,210 10,685 11,530 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 16,830 8,880 7,955 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 12,920 7,185 5,735 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,440 5,390 4,050 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 30,020 19,030 10,995 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 7,535 4,240 3,300 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,455 4,015 3,440 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 15,030 10,780 4,250 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 162,860 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,102 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,321 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,035 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,415 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,188 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 110,820 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,559 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,518 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 162,895 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,105 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,160 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,940 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,991 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,106 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 110,950 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,481 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,699 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 162,860 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,745 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,265 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,680 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,060 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,875 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,320 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,445 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,710 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,625 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,490 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,610 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,990 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,625 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,265 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,395 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,775 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,260 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,920 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,365 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,235 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 162,860 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,865 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,300 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,755 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,390 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,865 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,260 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,720 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,120 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,005 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,625 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,360 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,240 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,770 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,940 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,840 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,800 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,825 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,840 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,140 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 103,845 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,445 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,880 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,060 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,074 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,718 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 43,190 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,336 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,118 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,805 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,665 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,939 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 103,945 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,596 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,249 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,035 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,356 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,543 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 43,355 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,305 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,827 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,760 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,561 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,027 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,185 33,455 37,730 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,920 28,262 29,484 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,806 26,094 27,334 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,935 33,675 37,260 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,836 39,806 37,959 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,063 33,346 32,808 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 377,640 183,080 194,555 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 203,970 96,875 107,095 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 51,915 25,210 26,705 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 40,980 18,520 22,455 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 37,735 17,750 19,985 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 37,090 17,790 19,300 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 36,245 17,605 18,640 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 173,670 86,205 87,465 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 35,780 17,475 18,305 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 35,450 17,435 18,015 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 35,970 17,940 18,030 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 34,820 17,315 17,505 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 31,655 16,040 15,615 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 377,635 183,080 194,560 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 74,460 38,035 36,425 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 24,355 12,555 11,800 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 243,665 118,600 125,065 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 59,515 26,450 33,065 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 70,800 33,130 37,660 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 18,440 9,395 9,045 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,515 3,345 3,170 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 45,225 21,210 24,015 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,135 2,530 4,605 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.7 18.1 19.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.8 24.7 24.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.8 26.6 26.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.6 17.9 19.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 43,740 21,565 22,175 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 9,890 5,060 4,830 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,630 1,870 1,760 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 32,300 15,870 16,430 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,545 635 910 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 11.8 11.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 14.9 14.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.4 2.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 377,765 183,140 194,630 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 371,710 180,705 191,005 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 371,410 180,550 190,860 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 27,835 11,880 15,960 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 96,800 46,655 50,145 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 295 95 200 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 145 50 100 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 130 40 85 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 130 40 85 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 135 40 95 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 115 40 80 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 96,515 46,565 49,945 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,845 8,660 8,185 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 420 180 235 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 395 165 225 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,400 8,465 7,935 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 410 210 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,385 7,430 6,955 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,350 680 675 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 310 170 140 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 245 130 115 165 90 80
Tigrigna 410 200 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,300 1,510 1,785 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,125 550 580 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,185 980 1,210 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,555 1,000 1,555 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 0 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 125 35 95 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 230 90 135 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 180 95 90 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,240 845 1,395 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 215 110 105 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 40 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 920 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 165 85 75 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 565 295 270 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 210 110 100 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 57,140 27,460 29,685 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,120 570 550 1,135 580 555
Armenian 145 65 85 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 13,145 6,415 6,730 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 255 110 145 635 310 325
Latvian 110 50 60 310 175 140
Lithuanian 145 55 85 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,910 6,315 6,595 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 40 35 205 95 110
Bosnian 890 480 410 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 90 35 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,225 620 610 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 415 215 200 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 155 70 80 345 180 160
Polish 6,015 2,920 3,090 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,290 1,100 1,190 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,330 695 635 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 455 210 245 1,240 595 645
Slovak 370 185 180 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 125 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,025 450 575 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 125 55 65 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 7,080 3,275 3,805 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 175 85 90 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 240 110 135 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,250 905 1,345 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 55 30 30 120 55 65
German 4,190 2,050 2,140 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 75 40 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 170 80 90 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 45 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 20 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,530 1,315 1,215 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 10,890 5,465 5,425 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,705 3,920 3,790 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 520 250 275 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 845 460 380 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,000 1,610 1,400 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 100 50 50 1,275 650 625
Nepali 855 425 430 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,885 1,020 865 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 115 50 65 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 70 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,435 1,200 1,235 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,290 1,615 1,680 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 280 145 130 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,145 1,020 1,130 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 23,595 11,045 12,550 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 0 10 245 125 120
Italian 4,380 2,130 2,250 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 5,835 2,785 3,045 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,005 470 530 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,105 5,975 7,135 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 220 130 85
Japanese 710 335 370 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 3,025 1,445 1,585 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,245 670 575 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 155 75 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 25 0 15 95 60 35
Ganda 30 20 15 105 60 45
Igbo 60 40 25 240 140 95
Lingala 85 50 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 25 35 210 95 115
Shona 60 30 25 265 125 140
Swahili 340 160 175 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 245 150 95 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 160 150 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 115 105 300 150 150
Dinka 35 20 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 250 120 135
Sign languages 825 320 505 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 480 175 310 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 360 155 200 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,110 4,350 4,765 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,885 4,230 4,655 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,380 1,110 1,270 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,720 3,170 3,555 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 60 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 425 220 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 120 115 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 55 35 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 125 60 65 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 235 105 135 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 180 90 90 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 30 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 680 360 315 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 55 55 835 455 385
Turkish 505 270 230 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,425 680 745 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 55 35 20 495 205 295
Finnish 95 50 45 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,275 600 675 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 377,765 183,140 194,630 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 351,525 170,335 181,190 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,230 35,860 34,375 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 281,295 134,480 146,815 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 26,245 12,800 13,440 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 377,770 183,140 194,630 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 286,460 139,195 147,265 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 83,375 39,820 43,555 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 26,455 12,560 13,895 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 11,605 5,565 6,035 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 14,520 7,030 7,490 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 19,235 9,090 10,150 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,005 4,225 4,785 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,225 4,865 5,360 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,560 5,575 5,985 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,930 4,115 3,815 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 83,375 39,820 43,555 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 10,200 5,130 5,070 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 17,220 8,835 8,380 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 17,655 7,910 9,745 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 32,440 15,205 17,230 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 5,870 2,740 3,130 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 83,380 39,825 43,555 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 14,305 6,595 7,710 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 325 175 155 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,335 1,500 1,840 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,615 760 860 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 485 225 265 920 415 500
Haiti 105 50 55 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,110 570 540 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 570 240 325 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 140 55 80 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 600 285 315 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,555 1,540 2,015 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,470 1,200 1,265 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 32,980 15,800 17,180 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 580 545 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 840 420 415 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 270 125 140 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,965 975 995 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,105 565 545 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 810 380 425 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 540 295 245 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,065 1,090 975 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,840 840 995 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,180 1,915 2,260 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 3,340 1,660 1,680 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 910 440 465 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 505 225 280 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 500 255 245 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 620 250 365 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,885 4,050 4,835 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,485 1,720 1,760 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,220 2,620 2,605 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 80 45 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,070 575 500 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 310 145 165 1,665 835 825
Kenya 280 130 150 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 10 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 305 165 140 1,205 630 575
Somalia 225 110 120 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 445 245 200 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,470 1,195 1,275 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 30,565 14,625 15,940 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 580 285 290 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 325 160 170 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,780 1,675 2,105 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 645 305 340 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,280 1,665 1,615 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 535 600 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,735 1,375 1,355 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 190 65 125 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,065 980 1,085 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,735 900 835 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,530 770 765 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,250 840 1,415 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 240 110 135 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,115 1,035 1,080 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 170 70 100 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,620 720 900 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,165 3,140 3,025 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 305 185 120 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,565 5,580 5,985 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,865 830 1,035 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 40 25 15 960 445 520
Colombia 590 230 370 465 220 240
Cuba 65 30 35 70 35 30
Haiti 50 25 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 120 80 45 160 115 45
Mexico 100 35 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 455 225 230 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 360 155 215 1,855 875 975
Europe 860 460 400 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 30 20 20 790 415 370
Germany 50 20 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 45