Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Population centre], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Population centre]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , London [Population centre], Ontario  Map : London [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 383,437 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 365,715 r ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 175,205 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 162,861 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,649.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 232.48 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 383,430 185,345 198,090 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 62,045 31,670 30,380 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 20,335 10,490 9,845 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 21,305 10,865 10,440 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 20,405 10,310 10,090 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 257,785 126,020 131,765 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 22,640 11,520 11,120 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 30,160 15,225 14,945 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 28,450 14,185 14,265 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 26,200 12,860 13,345 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 23,700 11,570 12,135 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 23,075 11,220 11,855 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 24,615 11,980 12,635 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 28,465 13,760 14,700 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 27,135 12,870 14,270 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 23,335 10,835 12,500 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 63,605 27,655 35,950 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 20,500 9,510 10,990 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 14,690 6,695 7,995 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 10,925 4,890 6,035 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 8,300 3,455 4,850 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 9,185 3,110 6,075 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 5,510 2,080 3,435 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 2,905 850 2,055 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 675 170 510 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 90 15 80 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.1 15.3 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.2 68.0 66.5 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 16.6 14.9 18.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.5 39.2 41.7 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 39.7 38.0 41.2 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 80,935 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,985 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 47,790 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,870 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 20,555 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,340 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,855 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 52,040 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 55,135 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 23,965 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 20,460 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,270 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 377,640 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 321,390 153,680 167,710 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 172,085 85,890 86,195 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 142,330 71,010 71,320 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 29,755 14,880 14,875 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 149,305 67,785 81,520 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 98,200 51,670 46,535 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 11,100 4,595 6,505 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 21,815 7,985 13,830 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 18,185 3,535 14,650 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 104,085 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 53,490 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 22,435 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 19,340 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,825 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 104,090 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 84,185 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 69,315 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,870 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 19,900 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 16,090 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 3,815 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 84,185 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 41,275 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 42,905 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 16,850 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 17,795 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 8,265 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 19,900 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 12,205 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 5,585 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 2,110 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 78,610 36,515 42,095 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 100,140 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 39,895 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,245 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,940 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,780 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 52,035 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,740 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 379,035 183,625 195,415 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 344,940 169,220 175,715 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 225 105 115 1,485 680 800
English and French 27,800 11,800 16,000 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 6,075 2,495 3,575 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 379,035 183,625 195,410 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 366,310 178,105 188,205 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 4,785 2,145 2,635 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,010 945 1,070 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 5,930 2,425 3,500 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,790 2,615 3,170 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 379,030 183,625 195,415 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 371,475 179,905 191,570 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 293,595 142,655 150,945 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 288,855 140,540 148,315 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 4,745 2,115 2,630 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 77,870 37,245 40,625 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 130 45 80 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 55 15 40 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 15 35 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 15 25 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 50 15 40 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,750 37,205 40,545 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,935 6,605 6,330 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 15 10 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 5 0 155 85 70
Oromo 15 5 5 345 175 170
Somali 235 110 130 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 12,640 6,460 6,185 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 255 130 125 1,770 885 885
Arabic 10,530 5,385 5,145 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,035 515 515 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 105 105 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 545 320 225
Maltese 185 95 85 40 20 25
Tigrigna 245 125 120 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,450 1,115 1,335 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 740 340 400 280 135 145
Vietnamese 1,710 775 935 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,875 725 1,150 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 5 5 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 75 20 55 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 390 170 220
Ilocano 165 75 85 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 125 65 65 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,435 535 895 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 150 70 85
Creole languages 70 35 40 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 10 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,345 715 630 1,565 825 735
Kannada 55 30 25 95 50 40
Malayalam 820 415 400 790 410 380
Tamil 325 170 155 480 255 230
Telugu 140 95 50 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 44,580 21,240 23,340 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 990 515 480 350 170 180
Armenian 90 45 40 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 11,100 5,150 5,950 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 210 85 125 165 65 95
Latvian 75 30 40 80 35 45
Lithuanian 140 55 85 85 35 45
Slavic languages 10,895 5,065 5,825 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 15 10 5 40 20 25
Bosnian 610 300 310 575 285 290
Bulgarian 75 35 40 140 70 65
Croatian 765 370 390 1,030 505 530
Czech 345 160 185 615 310 310
Macedonian 90 35 55 145 70 75
Polish 5,130 2,355 2,775 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,325 595 725 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 815 415 395 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 170 240 110 130
Slovak 315 140 170 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 85 120 270 130 140
Ukrainian 850 390 465 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 75 40 30
Celtic languages 25 5 15 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 50 25 20
Welsh 10 5 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 5,075 2,190 2,885 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 60 30 30 420 220 205
Danish 170 85 85 280 145 135
Dutch 2,000 870 1,125 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 40 15 20 55 30 25
German 2,545 1,065 1,480 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 10 5 5 475 210 260
Norwegian 30 10 15 115 45 65
Swedish 60 35 30 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 50 85 310 125 180
Yiddish 25 15 10 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 10
Greek 1,750 870 885 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 8,630 4,470 4,160 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 5,535 2,895 2,640 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 450 225 220 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 690 370 325 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 825 450 375 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 30 15 15 35 20 15
Marathi 85 45 40 135 80 50
Nepali 720 355 365 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,035 565 475 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 60 35 30 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 670 345 320
Urdu 1,500 770 725 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 3,065 1,555 1,505 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 995 525 470 415 210 200
Pashto 185 90 95 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,885 940 940 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 16,905 7,995 8,915 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 20 10 5 0 0 5
Italian 2,890 1,415 1,480 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 4,550 2,130 2,420 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 805 370 440 645 310 335
Spanish 8,640 4,070 4,570 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 15 5 10
Japanese 230 90 140 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 2,690 1,245 1,445 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 650 310 335 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 65 30 35 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Ewe 10 5 5 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 65 35 30
Ga 15 5 10 15 10 5
Ganda 20 10 10 50 20 30
Igbo 40 25 20 280 155 130
Lingala 20 15 10 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 15 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 250 125 120
Shona 35 15 20 110 50 60
Swahili 130 55 70 870 420 455
Wolof 5 5 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 65 40 25 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 105 395 215 180
Dinka 105 45 60 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 225 125 100
Sign languages 165 85 75 440 230 210
American Sign Language 95 55 40 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 40 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,695 4,065 4,630 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 8,450 3,945 4,505 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 1,955 925 1,025 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 20 15 10 55 30 25
Mandarin 5,805 2,685 3,120 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 50 80 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 60 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 430 220 210 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 125 575 295 285
Burmese 30 20 10 85 50 30
Karenic languages 195 100 100 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 185 80 110 1,120 525 595
Lao 120 60 60 875 445 430
Thai 65 20 45 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 440 240 195 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 30 20 15
Turkish 330 180 150 210 120 95
Uyghur 25 15 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,185 540 640 1,440 655 790
Estonian 45 15 25 30 10 15
Finnish 100 40 60 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,040 485 560 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 155 85 70
Multiple responses 7,560 3,725 3,840 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,050 475 575 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 6,030 3,020 3,015 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 240 120 120 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 240 110 130 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 379,035 183,625 195,415 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 362,445 175,580 186,865 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 323,645 157,085 166,560 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 322,080 156,370 165,710 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 1,565 715 845 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 38,800 18,495 20,305 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,770 18,480 20,290 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,600 3,715 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 10 5 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 125 50 75 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 5 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 120 50 70 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 7,180 3,540 3,635 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 115 60 55 1,045 520 525
Arabic 6,095 3,000 3,095 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 335 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 35 25 355 195 160
Maltese 15 10 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 105 55 50 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,510 685 825 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 195 235 125 55 70
Vietnamese 1,085 495 590 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 710 310 395 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 20 5 10 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 55 25 25 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 45 25 20 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 255 335 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 15 5 5 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 695 375 320 800 400 400
Kannada 15 15 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 475 245 225 405 195 205
Tamil 145 75 65 240 120 120
Telugu 60 35 25 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 19,495 9,280 10,215 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 465 225 235 155 80 75
Armenian 35 15 20 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 4,800 2,320 2,485 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 35 15 20 25 10 15
Latvian 10 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 30 10 15 10 5 5
Slavic languages 4,770 2,305 2,460 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 10 0 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 295 145 150 285 145 140
Bulgarian 40 20 20 65 30 30
Croatian 285 140 145 320 145 180
Czech 100 55 50 115 55 60
Macedonian 35 15 20 85 35 45
Polish 2,385 1,135 1,250 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 705 345 360 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 395 210 180 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 90 40 50
Slovak 85 40 45 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 55 20 30
Ukrainian 250 110 135 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 395 185 210 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 20 15 15 200 100 100
Danish 15 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 95 50 50 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 245 110 135 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 10 0 10 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 710 335 375 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 5,080 2,540 2,540 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 3,170 1,595 1,580 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 250 125 125 690 390 305
Gujarati 350 170 175 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 410 215 195 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 15 5 5 10 5 5
Marathi 45 25 20 40 25 20
Nepali 665 320 340 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 525 275 250 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 15 5 10 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 360 190 170
Urdu 840 410 425 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 1,895 935 955 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 600 300 295 275 135 140
Pashto 115 55 60 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 580 600 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 8,005 3,660 4,340 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Italian 720 310 410 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 1,770 810 965 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 320 155 165 235 110 125
Spanish 5,180 2,385 2,800 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 90 45 45 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 2,010 920 1,090 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 100 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 15 10 5 75 40 35
Lingala 5 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 50 15 35 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 15 10 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 40 130 60 70
Dinka 35 15 15 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 55 30 25
Sign languages 185 100 85 560 310 255
American Sign Language 100 55 45 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 40 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,910 2,760 3,150 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 5,750 2,680 3,070 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 1,135 525 610 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 5 0 5 25 10 15
Mandarin 4,215 1,955 2,265 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 155 130 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 465 235 225
Burmese 15 10 5 55 30 25
Karenic languages 140 70 70 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 30 535 250 280
Lao 40 20 20 430 210 220
Thai 25 10 15 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 220 110 110 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 10 5 10
Turkish 160 80 80 65 35 35
Uyghur 15 10 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 5 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 10 15
Uralic languages 305 145 155 305 140 165
Estonian 5 0 5 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 295 145 150 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Multiple responses 16,585 8,045 8,545 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 695 315 385 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 15,410 7,520 7,895 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 85 30 55 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 395 185 215 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 379,035 183,625 195,410 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 331,615 160,940 170,670 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 17,335 8,465 8,875 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 4,355 1,765 2,585 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 24,845 12,025 12,825 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 210 80 125 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 24,635 11,945 12,695 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 190 85 105 305 150 150
English and non-official language 275 150 130 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 415 190 225 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 315,750 151,490 164,255 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,345 144,970 157,375 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,643 37,247 29,195 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,405 144,975 157,425 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,878 33,547 26,999 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 265,745 129,470 136,275 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,849 37,306 27,163 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,005 101,120 124,885 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,877 2,411 6,236 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 218,060 110,700 107,360 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,230 35,950 29,154 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 315,875 151,550 164,330 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,415 144,970 157,450 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,687 49,733 38,120 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,480 144,970 157,510 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,706 40,973 32,779 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 266,035 129,660 136,380 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,244 50,290 36,546 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,560 101,560 124,995 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,535 6,787 8,143 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 218,215 110,630 107,585 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,151 47,431 36,721 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 315,880 151,550 164,325 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 103,190 55,805 47,385 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,300 55,266 47,663 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,982 66,257 54,769 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.1 90.6 82.9 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.8 73.3 65.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.9 9.4 17.1 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 315,745 151,495 164,250 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 13,400 6,525 6,880 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 302,345 144,970 157,375 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 45,760 21,440 24,325 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 53,430 22,190 31,240 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 42,475 17,710 24,770 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 34,830 15,475 19,355 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 32,165 15,120 17,050 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 23,910 12,175 11,740 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 18,090 9,885 8,205 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,885 7,150 5,730 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 9,530 5,400 4,130 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 8,885 4,725 4,165 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 20,380 13,710 6,670 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 13,785 8,965 4,815 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 6,595 4,745 1,855 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 315,745 151,495 164,250 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 13,345 6,520 6,825 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 302,405 144,975 157,430 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,915 21,685 25,225 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 55,805 23,255 32,555 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 49,045 20,865 28,185 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 42,525 19,385 23,140 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 35,250 17,340 17,910 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 23,985 13,010 10,980 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 15,720 8,870 6,845 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 12,405 6,780 5,625 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 20,760 13,785 6,970 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 7,030 4,255 2,775 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 4,165 2,775 1,390 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 9,565 6,755 2,810 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 315,745 151,495 164,255 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 97,685 40,795 56,895 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 218,060 110,700 107,355 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 69.1 73.1 65.4 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 31,555 15,805 15,750 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 18,420 8,425 9,995 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 29,730 13,640 16,090 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 24,140 11,260 12,880 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 22,790 10,400 12,390 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 22,210 10,685 11,530 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 16,830 8,880 7,955 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 12,920 7,185 5,735 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 9,440 5,390 4,050 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 30,020 19,030 10,995 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 7,535 4,240 3,300 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 7,455 4,015 3,440 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 15,030 10,780 4,250 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,102 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,321 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,035 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,415 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,188 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 110,820 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,559 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,518 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 162,895 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,105 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,160 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,940 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,991 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,106 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 110,950 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,481 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,699 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,745 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,265 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,680 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,060 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,875 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,320 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,445 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,710 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,625 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,490 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,610 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,990 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,625 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,265 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,395 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,775 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,260 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,920 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,365 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,235 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 162,860 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,865 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,300 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,755 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,390 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,865 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,260 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,720 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,120 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,005 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,625 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,360 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,240 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,770 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,940 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,840 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,800 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,825 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,840 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,140 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 103,845 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,445 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,880 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,060 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,074 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,718 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 43,190 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,336 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,118 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,805 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,665 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,939 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 103,945 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,596 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,249 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,035 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,356 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,543 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 43,355 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,305 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,827 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,760 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,561 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,027 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,185 33,455 37,730 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,920 28,262 29,484 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,806 26,094 27,334 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,935 33,675 37,260 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,836 39,806 37,959 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,063 33,346 32,808 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 377,640 183,080 194,555 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 203,970 96,875 107,095 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 51,915 25,210 26,705 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 40,980 18,520 22,455 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 37,735 17,750 19,985 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 37,090 17,790 19,300 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 36,245 17,605 18,640 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 173,670 86,205 87,465 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 35,780 17,475 18,305 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 35,450 17,435 18,015 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 35,970 17,940 18,030 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 34,820 17,315 17,505 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 31,655 16,040 15,615 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 377,635 183,080 194,560 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 74,460 38,035 36,425 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 24,355 12,555 11,800 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 243,665 118,600 125,065 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 59,515 26,450 33,065 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 70,800 33,130 37,660 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 18,440 9,395 9,045 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 6,515 3,345 3,170 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 45,225 21,210 24,015 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 7,135 2,530 4,605 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.7 18.1 19.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.8 24.7 24.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 26.8 26.6 26.9 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 18.6 17.9 19.2 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 43,740 21,565 22,175 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 9,890 5,060 4,830 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 3,630 1,870 1,760 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 32,300 15,870 16,430 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 1,545 635 910 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 11.8 11.4 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.3 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.1 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.4 2.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 377,765 183,140 194,630 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 371,710 180,705 191,005 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 371,410 180,550 190,860 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 27,835 11,880 15,960 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 96,800 46,655 50,145 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 295 95 200 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 145 50 100 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 130 40 85 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 130 40 85 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 135 40 95 15 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 15 10 10
Oneida 115 40 80 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 96,515 46,565 49,945 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,845 8,660 8,185 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 15 10 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 10 10 10 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 420 180 235 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 15 10 10 535 275 260
Somali 395 165 225 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 16,400 8,465 7,935 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 410 210 200 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 14,385 7,430 6,955 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,350 680 675 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 310 170 140 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 245 130 115 65 30 35
Tigrigna 410 200 215 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,300 1,510 1,785 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,125 550 580 335 185 150
Vietnamese 2,185 980 1,210 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,555 1,000 1,555 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 25 0 15 225 100 125
Cebuano 125 35 95 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 425 180 245
Ilocano 230 90 135 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 180 95 90 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,240 845 1,395 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 200 80 120
Creole languages 215 110 105 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 40 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 1,805 890 920 1,840 945 895
Kannada 165 85 75 175 95 80
Malayalam 1,020 490 535 830 400 430
Tamil 565 295 270 655 330 325
Telugu 210 110 100 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 57,140 27,460 29,685 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 1,120 570 550 390 195 195
Armenian 145 65 85 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 13,145 6,415 6,730 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 255 110 145 230 90 140
Latvian 110 50 60 115 45 70
Lithuanian 145 55 85 120 50 65
Slavic languages 12,910 6,315 6,595 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 75 40 35 65 25 45
Bosnian 890 480 410 835 405 430
Bulgarian 90 35 50 155 95 60
Croatian 1,225 620 610 1,595 765 825
Czech 415 215 200 735 335 395
Macedonian 155 70 80 140 75 60
Polish 6,015 2,920 3,090 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 2,290 1,100 1,190 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 1,330 695 635 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 455 210 245 190 75 115
Slovak 370 185 180 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 125 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,025 450 575 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 70 35 30
Celtic languages 125 55 65 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 90 65 25
Welsh 25 10 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 7,080 3,275 3,805 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 175 85 90 715 330 385
Danish 240 110 135 270 120 150
Dutch 2,250 905 1,345 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 55 30 30 90 65 30
German 4,190 2,050 2,140 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 10 10 10 560 225 335
Norwegian 75 40 35 290 115 175
Swedish 170 80 90 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 45 270 120 155
Yiddish 30 20 10 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 2,530 1,315 1,215 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 10,890 5,465 5,425 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 7,705 3,920 3,790 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 520 250 275 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 845 460 380 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 3,000 1,610 1,400 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 15 10 0 40 30 10
Marathi 100 50 50 275 170 105
Nepali 855 425 430 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,885 1,020 865 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 115 50 65 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 70 100 920 500 420
Urdu 2,435 1,200 1,235 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 3,290 1,615 1,680 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 600 295 305
Pashto 280 145 130 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,145 1,020 1,130 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 23,595 11,045 12,550 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 15 0 10 15 10 10
Italian 4,380 2,130 2,250 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 5,835 2,785 3,045 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 1,005 470 530 785 395 390
Spanish 13,105 5,975 7,135 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 60 45 15
Japanese 710 335 370 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 10 15 0 15
Korean 3,025 1,445 1,585 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,245 670 575 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 155 75 80 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 50 25 25
Ga 25 0 15 30 10 15
Ganda 30 20 15 230 110 120
Igbo 60 40 25 665 345 325
Lingala 85 50 35 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 25 35 305 155 155
Shona 60 30 25 250 110 140
Swahili 340 160 175 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 10 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 245 150 95 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 160 150 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 115 105 410 225 185
Dinka 35 20 20 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 225 120 105
Sign languages 825 320 505 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 480 175 310 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 360 155 200 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,110 4,350 4,765 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 8,885 4,230 4,655 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 2,380 1,110 1,270 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 20 10 10 50 30 20
Mandarin 6,720 3,170 3,555 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 15 0 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 60 105 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 425 220 205 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 120 115 675 310 370
Burmese 55 35 20 185 115 70
Karenic languages 125 60 65 465 200 265
Tibetan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 235 105 135 1,565 730 835
Lao 180 90 90 1,120 520 600
Thai 85 30 60 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 680 360 315 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 110 55 55 50 25 30
Turkish 505 270 230 365 180 185
Uyghur 55 35 15 30 15 10
Uzbek 15 0 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,425 680 745 1,550 730 815
Estonian 55 35 20 45 20 25
Finnish 95 50 45 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,275 600 675 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 377,765 183,140 194,630 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 351,525 170,335 181,190 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,230 35,860 34,375 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 281,295 134,480 146,815 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 26,245 12,800 13,440 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 377,770 183,140 194,630 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 286,460 139,195 147,265 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 83,375 39,820 43,555 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 26,455 12,560 13,895 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 11,605 5,565 6,035 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 14,520 7,030 7,490 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 19,235 9,090 10,150 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 9,005 4,225 4,785 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 10,225 4,865 5,360 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,560 5,575 5,985 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,930 4,115 3,815 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 83,375 39,820 43,555 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 10,200 5,130 5,070 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 17,220 8,835 8,380 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 17,655 7,910 9,745 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 32,440 15,205 17,230 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 5,870 2,740 3,130 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 83,380 39,825 43,555 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 14,305 6,595 7,710 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 325 175 155 435 170 265
Colombia 3,335 1,500 1,840 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,615 760 860 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 485 225 265 1,135 515 620
Haiti 105 50 55 155 75 80
Jamaica 1,110 570 540 1,810 835 970
Mexico 570 240 325 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 140 55 80 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 600 285 315 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,555 1,540 2,015 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 2,470 1,200 1,265 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 32,980 15,800 17,180 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 580 545 1,055 530 525
Croatia 840 420 415 975 445 535
France 270 125 140 795 425 365
Germany 1,965 975 995 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 1,105 565 545 820 445 375
Hungary 810 380 425 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 540 295 245 650 310 340
Italy 2,065 1,090 975 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,840 840 995 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 4,180 1,915 2,260 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 3,340 1,660 1,680 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 910 440 465 720 345 375
Russian Federation 505 225 280 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 500 255 245 355 175 175
Ukraine 620 250 365 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,885 4,050 4,835 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 3,485 1,720 1,760 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 5,220 2,620 2,605 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 80 45 40 115 60 55
Egypt 1,070 575 500 980 525 455
Ethiopia 310 145 165 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 280 130 150 935 470 465
Morocco 30 10 20 250 140 110
Nigeria 305 165 140 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 225 110 120 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 445 245 200 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 2,470 1,195 1,275 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 30,565 14,625 15,940 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 580 285 290 615 285 330
Bangladesh 325 160 170 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,780 1,675 2,105 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 645 305 340 1,460 715 735
India 3,280 1,665 1,615 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 535 600 1,180 655 530
Iraq 2,735 1,375 1,355 860 460 400
Japan 190 65 125 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,065 980 1,085 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 1,735 900 835 265 165 100
Pakistan 1,530 770 765 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 2,250 840 1,415 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 240 110 135 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,115 1,035 1,080 805 390 410
Taiwan 170 70 100 215 110 110
Viet Nam 1,620 720 900 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 6,165 3,140 3,025 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 305 185 120 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,565 5,580 5,985 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,865 830 1,035 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 40 25 15 100 35 65
Colombia 590 230 370 185 70 120
Cuba 65 30 35 75 25 55
Haiti 50 25 25 15 10 0
Jamaica 120 80 45 340 175 165
Mexico 100 35 60 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 455 225 230 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 45 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 360 155 215 1,490 640 850
Europe 860 460 400 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 30 20 20 135 70 75
Germany 50 20 25 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 160 85 70
Romania 45 20 30 70 30 35
Russian Federation 70 20 45 1,145