Census Profile, 2016 Census
Medicine Hat [Population centre], Alberta and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Medicine Hat
Alberta
[Population centre]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Medicine Hat [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Medicine Hat [Population centre], Alberta Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 62,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 59,624 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 27,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,226.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 51.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 62,930 30,685 32,250 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 11,135 5,660 5,475 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 3,655 1,870 1,790 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 3,860 1,970 1,895 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 3,620 1,820 1,795 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 40,670 20,145 20,525 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 3,615 1,830 1,780 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 3,610 1,850 1,755 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 4,045 2,005 2,035 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 4,445 2,200 2,245 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 4,220 2,100 2,120 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 3,755 1,880 1,875 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 3,765 1,880 1,885 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 4,340 2,100 2,235 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 4,720 2,320 2,405 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 4,150 1,970 2,185 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 11,125 4,880 6,245 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 3,395 1,605 1,790 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 2,480 1,115 1,360 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 1,955 880 1,075 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 1,545 680 865 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 1,760 600 1,160 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 1,060 400 665 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 525 170 355 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 160 25 135 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 10 5 10 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.4 17.0 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.7 63.6 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 17.7 15.9 19.4 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.6 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 41.0 39.9 42.2 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 40.5 39.2 41.9 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 17,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 7,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 61,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 51,800 25,025 26,775 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 30,735 15,345 15,390 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 25,520 12,750 12,765 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 5,215 2,595 2,625 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 21,060 9,680 11,380 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 12,250 6,845 5,410 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 1,375 575 800 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 4,085 1,600 2,485 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 3,350 665 2,685 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 17,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 17,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 14,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 12,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 14,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 8,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 6,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,265 5,460 5,800 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 17,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 8,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 7,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 61,650 30,235 31,410 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 59,035 29,020 30,015 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 15 5 5 535 255 280
English and French 2,325 1,100 1,225 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 280 115 170 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 61,655 30,240 31,415 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 60,720 29,780 30,935 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 600 315 285 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 65 30 30 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 275 110 165 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 630 330 300 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 61,650 30,240 31,415 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 61,110 29,995 31,120 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 56,055 27,615 28,440 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 55,355 27,255 28,100 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 695 355 340 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 5,060 2,380 2,680 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 35 10 20 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 10 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 0 5 0 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 250 115 135
Woods Cree 5 0 5 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 15 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 935 445 490
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,025 2,370 2,655 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 435 225 215 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 1,050 505 545
Bilen 0 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 25 15 10 195 100 90
Somali 10 5 5 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Semitic languages 400 200 195 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 15 5 10 290 140 155
Arabic 370 185 185 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 75 75
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 75 45 30
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 10 5 5 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 40 45 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 135 70 70
Vietnamese 55 30 30 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 560 245 315 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 0 0 0 85 40 40
Cebuano 35 10 25 1,545 685 855
Fijian 5 0 5 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 255 120 140
Ilocano 20 10 10 790 370 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 5 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 175 80 95
Pangasinan 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 485 215 270 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 265 125 140
Creole languages 10 10 0 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 90 50 40 1,560 865 700
Kannada 0 0 0 60 35 30
Malayalam 55 30 25 850 455 395
Tamil 20 10 15 350 200 150
Telugu 10 5 0 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,185 1,500 1,685 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 35 20 15 380 190 190
Armenian 0 0 0 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 445 215 235 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 5 0 0 175 85 90
Latvian 0 0 0 100 45 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 75 40 35
Slavic languages 445 210 235 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 70 35 35 225 110 120
Bulgarian 5 0 0 65 35 30
Croatian 35 15 20 455 240 220
Czech 15 5 10 235 115 125
Macedonian 0 0 0 55 30 30
Polish 80 35 45 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 55 25 35 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 20 15 10 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 120 60 65
Slovak 20 5 10 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 80 40 45
Ukrainian 115 55 60 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 290 145 145
Celtic languages 5 0 5 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 10 5 5
Welsh 5 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 5
Germanic languages 1,595 730 860 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 55 30 30 880 450 430
Danish 15 5 10 255 145 110
Dutch 180 80 105 1,385 685 700
Frisian 5 0 0 30 20 10
German 1,315 605 705 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 0 0 0 55 20 25
Norwegian 10 10 5 310 140 165
Swedish 5 5 5 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Yiddish 0 0 0 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 30 20 15 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 395 195 205 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 365 180 185 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 5 0 5 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 55 30 25 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 45 20 25 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 10 10
Konkani 5 0 0 35 15 10
Marathi 5 5 5 140 80 55
Nepali 70 30 40 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 50 50 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 10 5 5 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 270 130 135
Urdu 60 30 30 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 25 5 15 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 0 0 0 145 80 65
Pashto 0 0 0 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 670 320 355 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 65 30 35 705 365 340
Portuguese 35 20 15 615 265 350
Romanian 30 15 15 850 425 430
Spanish 540 250 290 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 35 10 25 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 45 20 20 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 40 20 25
Mongolian 5 0 5 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 70 35 35 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 190 115 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Edo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 25 15 5
Ga 0 0 0 20 15 5
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 5 0 5 215 125 90
Lingala 0 0 0 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 115 55 60
Shona 10 0 5 90 55 40
Swahili 5 5 5 425 220 205
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 25 10 10 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 15 30 335 195 140
Dinka 20 10 10 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 220 120 100
Sign languages 10 5 0 200 100 100
American Sign Language 5 0 0 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 165 175 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 325 155 165 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 165 85 80 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 0 0 0 35 20 15
Mandarin 135 65 70 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 1,040 530 505
Burmese 5 0 5 180 115 65
Karenic languages 15 5 5 810 395 415
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 30 525 235 290
Lao 10 5 5 345 175 170
Thai 45 20 25 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 25 10 10
Turkish 0 0 0 290 155 130
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Uralic languages 60 25 35 1,555 735 820
Estonian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Finnish 15 5 10 205 85 120
Hungarian 50 25 30 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 55 45
Multiple responses 535 250 290 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 110 55 55 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 410 185 225 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 5 0 5 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 61,650 30,240 31,415 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 60,750 29,815 30,940 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 58,925 28,930 29,990 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 58,775 28,860 29,910 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 145 70 75 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 1,830 880 950 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,825 875 950 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 315 150 165 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 15 10 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 15 10 10 140 75 70
Somali 5 5 5 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 290 135 155 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 5 5 5 150 75 70
Arabic 280 130 150 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 115 60 55
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 25 10 15
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 40 20 25
Vietnamese 45 25 20 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 255 115 140 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 15 5 15 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 110 60 50
Ilocano 5 5 0 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 110 130 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Creole languages 5 0 5 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 60 25 35 845 440 410
Kannada 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malayalam 40 20 25 525 265 260
Tamil 15 5 10 155 90 65
Telugu 0 0 0 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 810 400 415 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 20 10 10 205 100 100
Armenian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 95 50 45 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 0 0 0 80 35 45
Latvian 0 0 0 40 20 20
Lithuanian 0 0 0 40 15 25
Slavic languages 90 45 45 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 10 10 85 45 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 35 20 15
Croatian 5 5 5 170 85 85
Czech 5 0 5 30 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Polish 15 5 5 480 220 255
Russian 25 10 10 1,725 875 840
Serbian 10 5 5 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 45 20 25
Slovak 0 0 0 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ukrainian 5 0 0 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 90
Celtic languages 0 5 5 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 105 45 55 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 30 20 15 530 275 250
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 0
Dutch 5 5 0 200 110 95
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 65 30 35 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Greek 10 5 5 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 270 130 140 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 255 125 125 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 5 5 5 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 30 20 10 1,585 865 720
Hindi 30 15 10 880 490 390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 0 0 55 30 30
Nepali 70 30 40 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 5 0 5 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 140 70 70
Urdu 45 25 20 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 20 5 10 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 0 0 0 65 40 30
Pashto 0 0 0 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 15 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 310 150 160 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0 155 80 75
Portuguese 5 5 5 220 100 115
Romanian 15 5 10 315 165 150
Spanish 280 135 145 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 10 5 5 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 30 15 15 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 20 5 10 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Lingala 0 0 0 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Shona 0 0 0 35 25 15
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 110
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 10 0 10 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 15 135 65 70
Dinka 5 0 5 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 70 35 40
Sign languages 10 5 5 285 175 105
American Sign Language 0 0 0 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 185 95 90 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 180 90 90 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 90 40 45 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 75 40 30 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 775 380 395
Burmese 0 0 0 115 65 55
Karenic languages 10 0 0 640 310 335
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 190 85 105
Lao 0 0 5 125 60 60
Thai 30 20 15 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 0 0 170 90 85
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uralic languages 20 10 5 240 125 120
Estonian 0 0 0 10 0 5
Finnish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 10 5 10 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Multiple responses 900 425 475 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 50 25 30 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 835 400 440 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 5 0 5 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 61,650 30,240 31,415 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 58,740 28,875 29,865 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 915 430 485 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 465 210 255 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 1,500 715 785 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 15 5 10 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 1,485 710 775 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 5 0 5 170 85 85
English and non-official language 15 5 5 860 440 420
French and non-official language 20 5 10 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 50,295 24,500 25,800 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,500 23,655 24,850 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,957 49,722 28,425 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,515 23,655 24,860 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,544 43,590 26,594 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,750 22,440 22,305 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,734 47,613 25,444 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 31,010 12,385 18,620 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,390 8,549 6,631 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,625 18,975 17,655 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,368 48,156 26,648 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 50,255 24,455 25,800 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,395 23,530 24,865 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,975 66,714 38,026 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,410 23,535 24,875 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,424 54,326 33,112 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,785 22,320 22,460 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,064 65,297 34,926 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 30,850 12,155 18,700 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,855 9,234 8,609 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,565 18,830 17,740 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,086 61,585 33,755 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 50,255 24,450 25,800 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 15,560 8,840 6,725 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,241 68,190 44,841 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,505 80,133 50,904 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.5 83.1 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.5 74.2 64.3 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.5 16.9 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 50,295 24,500 25,795 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 1,795 850 945 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 48,500 23,655 24,850 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.6 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,525 1,960 3,570 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 7,060 2,455 4,600 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 7,670 2,810 4,855 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 5,655 2,370 3,285 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 4,860 2,285 2,575 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 3,865 2,090 1,780 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 3,060 1,880 1,180 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 1,560 805 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 1,765 1,170 590 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 1,480 965 515 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 5,195 4,110 1,090 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 3,570 2,695 870 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 1,630 1,410 220 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,295 24,500 25,800 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 1,780 845 940 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 48,515 23,660 24,860 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,710 2,005 3,700 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 7,390 2,565 4,820 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 8,710 3,260 5,450 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 6,740 2,985 3,755 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 5,500 2,890 2,610 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 4,105 2,485 1,620 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 2,935 1,940 990 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 2,115 1,390 725 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 5,320 4,135 1,185 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 1,670 1,155 525 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 1,055 800 255 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 2,600 2,185 415 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 50,295 24,500 25,795 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 13,670 5,525 8,145 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 36,630 18,975 17,655 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 72.8 77.4 68.4 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,675 2,095 2,580 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 2,790 1,115 1,675 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 4,620 1,800 2,820 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 4,205 1,635 2,565 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 3,730 1,570 2,160 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 3,325 1,540 1,785 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 2,675 1,485 1,190 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 2,205 1,380 820 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 1,710 1,180 535 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 6,695 5,175 1,525 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 1,385 970 410 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 1,280 815 460 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 4,035 3,390 645 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,612  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 18,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 26,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,081  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,884  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 18,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,787  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 26,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 17,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 6,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,427  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,222  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,488  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 17,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 111,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,491  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 6,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 139,142  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,134  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,275 4,980 5,295 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,841 39,991 29,481 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,920 35,362 27,692 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,285 4,915 5,370 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,246 52,804 40,240 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,162 43,424 35,260 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 61,395 30,140 31,255 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 28,365 13,075 15,295 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 4,780 2,210 2,570 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 5,670 2,380 3,300 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 6,010 2,715 3,295 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 5,840 2,780 3,060 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 6,065 2,990 3,075 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 33,025 17,070 15,960 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 6,015 3,075 2,940 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 6,470 3,255 3,205 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 6,605 3,390 3,215 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 6,920 3,620 3,305 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 7,020 3,725 3,290 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 61,395 30,145 31,250 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 13,235 6,725 6,510 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 4,370 2,225 2,150 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 38,235 18,885 19,355 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 9,920 4,535 5,385 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,980 3,075 3,905 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 2,105 1,105 1,000 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 750 395 350 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 3,935 1,675 2,260 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 940 290 650 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.4 10.2 12.5 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 15.9 16.4 15.4 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.8 16.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 8.9 11.7 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 9.5 6.4 12.1 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,890 1,825 2,065 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 1,200 630 570 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 440 225 215 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 2,515 1,125 1,390 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 180 70 110 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.1 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 9.4 8.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.1 10.1 10.0 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.0 7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 61,355 30,115 31,240 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 61,100 30,005 31,100 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 61,105 30,000 31,100 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 2,305 1,120 1,185 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 6,245 3,020 3,230 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 60 20 40 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 55 20 35 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 20 0 15 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 0 20 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 470 185 285
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 20 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 505 240 260
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,195 3,005 3,190 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 425 205 225 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 35 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,305 620 690
Bilen 0 0 0 85 40 45
Oromo 0 0 0 160 70 90
Somali 0 0 0 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 425 200 230 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 35 20 10 545 255 290
Arabic 380 165 215 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 0 470 245 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 70 55 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 25 30 210 105 105
Vietnamese 80 50 35 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 595 265 335 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 0 0 0 90 30 55
Cebuano 15 0 0 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 285 130 150
Ilocano 10 0 10 785 365 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 10 0 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 265 130 135
Pangasinan 10 10 0 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 595 265 335 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 145 155
Creole languages 20 15 0 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 125 75 50 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 0 0 0 115 65 55
Malayalam 100 65 40 1,170 625 540
Tamil 45 25 20 635 345 290
Telugu 0 0 0 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,090 2,015 2,070 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 70 35 35 560 275 285
Armenian 0 0 0 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 620 300 320 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 0 0 0 225 120 110
Latvian 0 0 0 135 60 70
Lithuanian 0 0 0 95 60 35
Slavic languages 620 305 320 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 0 0 0 20 0 15
Bosnian 155 75 80 325 155 165
Bulgarian 0 0 0 75 40 35
Croatian 25 15 10 605 355 250
Czech 40 25 15 300 155 150
Macedonian 0 0 0 65 35 35
Polish 90 40 50 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 145 65 80 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 30 20 15 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 80 30 50
Slovak 30 15 15 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 105 50 50
Ukrainian 140 70 75 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 345 205 140
Celtic languages 15 10 0 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 55 35 25
Welsh 0 0 0 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 45 20
Germanic languages 1,730 820 915 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 120 80 45 1,455 750 705
Danish 10 0 10 320 195 125
Dutch 225 90 130 1,510 720 790
Frisian 0 0 0 25 15 15
German 1,375 640 730 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 0 0 0 70 40 30
Norwegian 15 10 10 415 180 235
Swedish 20 15 10 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Yiddish 0 0 0 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 135 125
Greek 55 30 30 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 420 230 190 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 410 225 185 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 10 0 0 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 55 30 25 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 200 100 95 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 15
Marathi 20 20 10 185 120 70
Nepali 60 30 30 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 70 70 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 0 0 0 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 0 10 355 205 150
Urdu 35 20 20 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 10 10 0 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 0 0 0 145 90 60
Pashto 0 0 0 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 10 0 0 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 1,345 685 660 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Italian 105 35 65 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 55 30 25 885 380 505
Romanian 65 30 35 1,105 525 575
Spanish 1,140 600 540 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Japanese 75 30 50 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Korean 35 10 30 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 150 75 75 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 355 185 170
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Edo 0 0 0 20 0 20
Ewe 0 0 0 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 60 45 15
Ga 0 0 0 45 25 15
Ganda 0 0 0 20 10 10
Igbo 20 10 10 625 325 300
Lingala 0 0 0 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 125 65 55
Shona 35 10 25 150 90 55
Swahili 0 0 0 950 570 380
Wolof 0 0 0 40 25 15
Yoruba 30 30 10 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 20 300 150 145
Dinka 15 0 15 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 195 90 105
Sign languages 80 20 60 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 30 0 30 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 400 210 190 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 400 205 190 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 165 95 75 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 0 0 0 30 10 20
Mandarin 230 115 120 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 20 10 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10 0 960 495 460
Burmese 10 10 0 315 185 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Tibetan 0 0 0 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 635 245 385
Lao 0 0 10 410 170 240
Thai 70 30 40 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 10 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 25 20 10
Turkish 0 0 10 530 310 220
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 70 35 35 1,765 850 915
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 10
Finnish 0 0 10 360 170 190
Hungarian 65 35 30 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 61,355 30,115 31,240 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 58,710 28,760 29,950 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,755 6,510 6,240 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 45,960 22,250 23,705 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,640 1,355 1,290 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 61,350 30,115 31,240 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 55,270 27,005 28,265 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,340 2,745 2,595 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 1,680 840 840 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 515 275 240 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 715 390 325 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 1,205 625 580 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 555 305 255 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 645 320 325 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,225 615 605 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 745 365 380 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,340 2,745 2,595 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 655 355 300 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 1,045 500 545 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 1,165 570 600 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 2,100 1,135 970 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 370 185 185 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,340 2,745 2,595 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 1,065 510 550 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 10 0 10 185 65 120
Colombia 105 55 50 555 275 280
El Salvador 150 80 65 630 290 340
Guyana 20 0 20 155 75 85
Haiti 0 0 0 65 45 20
Jamaica 25 15 0 815 425 395
Mexico 125 45 80 1,330 665 665
Peru 0 0 0 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 10 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 360 175 185 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 270 140 130 1,805 955 845
Europe 2,310 1,270 1,035 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 140 75 70 455 215 245
Croatia 15 0 10 445 280 165
France 15 10 10 215 90 125
Germany 345 200 150 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 20 10 15 605 325 280
Hungary 40 25 20 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 30 25 845 490 355
Italy 35 15 20 570 305 265
Netherlands 165 65 100 1,220 585 635
Poland 90 40 50 1,395 690 705
Portugal 40 20 25 220 105 120
Romania 70 40 30 695 335 360
Russian Federation 15 10 15 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 0 10 585 305 280
Ukraine 90 40 50 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 975 590 390 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 175 110 70 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 470 250 225 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 0 0 0 50 35 15
Egypt 55 25 30 435 230 205
Ethiopia 30 15 15 635 285 355
Kenya 10 10 0 425 225 200
Morocco 0 0 0 180 95 80
Nigeria 60 35 20 1,695 845 855
Somalia 10 10 0 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 130 75 60 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 185 80 100 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 1,470 695 770 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 0 0 0 515 230 285
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 160 95 65 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 25 35 765 370 400
India 225 125 100 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 0 10