Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Population centre], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Population centre]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal [Population centre], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Population centre], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 3,519,595 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,387,653 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.9 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,580,731 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,493,381 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,719.9 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,293.99 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 3,519,590 1,713,590 1,806,000 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 585,840 299,205 286,635 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 196,790 100,715 96,075 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 204,905 104,675 100,230 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 184,145 93,815 90,330 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 2,354,450 1,165,705 1,188,750 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 192,170 97,570 94,595 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 237,215 118,825 118,385 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 238,190 117,865 120,320 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 243,475 118,610 124,865 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 255,405 125,335 130,070 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 238,965 118,885 120,085 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 238,225 119,210 119,010 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 257,720 129,160 128,565 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 246,300 121,155 125,140 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 206,790 99,080 107,710 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 579,305 248,685 330,620 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 178,130 82,885 95,245 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 138,680 62,735 75,945 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 102,540 44,265 58,270 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 78,850 32,370 46,480 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 81,105 26,425 54,680 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 51,695 18,625 33,070 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 22,830 6,465 16,365 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 5,690 1,215 4,480 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 890 125 765 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.5 15.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 66.9 68.0 65.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.5 14.5 18.3 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.0 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 40.2 39.2 41.1 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,493,380 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 418,120 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 149,890 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 923,225 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 75,200 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 52,900 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 131,860 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 658,300 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 4,965 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,150 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,493,385 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 508,245 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 467,480 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 220,090 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 196,450 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 101,120 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,441,575 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,933,755 1,414,385 1,519,370 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 1,559,025 781,930 777,095 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 1,070,195 535,640 534,560 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 488,825 246,285 242,540 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 1,374,730 632,455 742,270 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 950,390 500,795 449,590 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 52,445 21,910 30,540 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 214,545 78,405 136,140 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 157,355 31,345 126,005 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 934,075 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 454,390 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 208,935 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 190,725 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 80,020 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 934,070 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 757,285 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 513,195 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 244,095 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 176,785 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 139,100 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 37,685 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 757,290 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 344,810 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 412,485 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 158,240 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 177,995 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 76,250 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 176,780 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 109,585 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 50,700 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 16,500 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 716,190 343,140 373,050 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,493,380 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 902,120 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 333,155 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 568,960 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,690 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 575,575 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 508,245 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 67,325 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 3,479,655 1,697,540 1,782,120 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 274,085 137,190 136,900 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 1,165,990 519,805 646,185 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 1,977,310 1,016,000 961,315 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 62,270 24,540 37,720 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 3,479,655 1,697,540 1,782,115 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 721,875 360,670 361,200 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 2,458,705 1,189,905 1,268,800 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 238,595 123,280 115,315 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 60,480 23,680 36,800 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 841,175 422,315 418,855 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 24.2 24.9 23.5 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 3,479,655 1,697,540 1,782,115 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,341,910 1,628,755 1,713,155 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 2,453,405 1,197,530 1,255,875 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 408,250 204,510 203,745 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 2,045,155 993,025 1,052,130 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 888,505 431,225 457,280 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 690 240 450 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 350 135 215 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 300 110 190 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 25 5 20 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 60 20 35 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 15 10 10 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 50 20 30 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 5 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 10 5 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 135 50 85 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 15 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 25 20 10 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 5 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 255 65 185 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 220 55 165 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 40 20 20 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 20 20 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 5 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 10 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 887,815 430,985 456,830 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 174,390 91,400 82,985 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 18,570 9,825 8,745 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 11,125 5,880 5,250 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,445 3,950 3,495 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 755 365 395 1,125 545 580
Bilen 10 5 5 10 10 5
Oromo 5 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 720 335 385 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 154,820 81,080 73,740 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 655 305 350 745 340 405
Arabic 149,820 78,525 71,295 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 125 65 60 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 15 10 5
Harari 5 5 5 0 5 5
Hebrew 3,775 1,965 1,805 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 10 5 5 25 10 15
Tigrigna 340 160 180 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 240 130 110 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,865 15,440 17,430 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,700 3,585 4,115 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 25,155 11,850 13,305 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 19,930 7,245 12,690 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 110 35 70 115 35 80
Cebuano 740 250 490 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 5 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 400 130 270 410 125 275
Ilocano 2,030 735 1,290 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 795 370 420 1,250 590 660
Malay 585 235 350 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 90 105 205 90 110
Pangasinan 90 40 50 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,670 5,225 9,445 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 40 5 35 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 115 155 320 140 180
Creole languages 53,320 23,475 29,855 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 1,935 915 1,020 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 50,505 22,120 28,390 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 880 440 440 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 14,635 7,305 7,330 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 235 125 105 240 130 110
Malayalam 405 215 190 440 235 205
Tamil 13,430 6,620 6,815 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 550 335 215 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 10 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 478,390 232,280 246,110 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 2,350 1,195 1,155 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 16,085 7,790 8,290 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 55,670 25,050 30,620 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 690 255 435 850 335 515
Latvian 230 85 145 290 120 175
Lithuanian 460 170 290 555 215 340
Slavic languages 54,975 24,795 30,185 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 65 35 25 80 45 35
Bosnian 435 210 225 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 6,200 2,995 3,210 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 1,775 885 895 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 1,115 510 600 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 165 80 80 205 105 95
Polish 11,570 5,000 6,575 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 25,105 11,205 13,900 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 1,850 910 940 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 630 295 330 1,805 865 940
Slovak 850 365 485 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 655 295 360 755 350 405
Ukrainian 4,435 1,945 2,495 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65 175 90 85
Celtic languages 100 60 35 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 20 15 10
Welsh 25 15 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 40 15 90 55 30
Germanic languages 20,175 9,690 10,490 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 85 40 45 125 60 65
Danish 260 125 135 395 190 200
Dutch 1,615 805 810 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 10 5 5 10 10 0
German 8,340 3,760 4,580 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 60 25 30 65 30 35
Norwegian 135 70 70 200 100 100
Swedish 420 190 230 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 245 100 145 540 240 300
Yiddish 8,915 4,525 4,390 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 175 100 75
Greek 37,170 18,515 18,655 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 70,115 36,155 33,960 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 43,355 22,590 20,765 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 10,655 5,445 5,220 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 5,990 2,935 3,050 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 2,870 1,550 1,315 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 20 15 5 20 15 5
Konkani 100 60 50 110 60 55
Marathi 235 135 95 255 145 110
Nepali 250 125 120 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,100 6,560 5,535 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 305 150 160 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 600 295 310 645 310 330
Urdu 10,205 5,310 4,900 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 26,430 13,385 13,050 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 770 415 350 985 550 430
Pashto 1,190 625 560 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 24,475 12,340 12,135 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 276,730 133,825 142,900 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 250 125 125 320 170 150
Italian 98,925 48,320 50,605 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 29,810 14,325 15,485 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 32,040 15,340 16,705 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 115,615 55,670 59,945 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 125 75 50
Japanese 2,020 625 1,395 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 160 75 80 170 80 85
Georgian 160 75 85 170 80 90
Korean 4,805 2,130 2,675 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 180 75 110 190 75 115
Mongolian 180 75 110 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 18,485 9,355 9,130 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 985 490 500 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 935 515 420 1,200 655 545
Edo 60 35 25 75 45 30
Ewe 475 265 210 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,565 805 755 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 75 40 35 80 40 40
Ganda 15 10 10 35 15 20
Igbo 90 50 40 120 70 50
Lingala 1,915 890 1,020 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,575 740 835 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,350 605 745 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 70 35 35 85 45 40
Swahili 1,230 590 640 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 2,380 1,270 1,105 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 200 125 75 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,565 2,900 2,670 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 165 95 70 345 180 165
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 335 170 165
Sign languages 700 365 335 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 40 25 15 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 370 180 185 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 285 160 125 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 70,805 32,970 37,840 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 70,590 32,860 37,730 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 23,245 10,950 12,290 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 455 200 250 470 215 260
Mandarin 39,605 18,310 21,295 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 25 10 15 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,085 1,425 1,660 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,015 445 570 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,085 1,480 1,605 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 220 115 105 345 175 170
Burmese 55 25 30 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 95 55 45 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 3,950 1,795 2,155 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 3,440 1,665 1,775 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 505 130 375 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 7,160 3,650 3,510 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 260 145 115 290 160 130
Turkish 6,460 3,300 3,165 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 145 75 75 205 100 105
Uzbek 120 60 60 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95 185 80 105
Uralic languages 5,365 2,445 2,925 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 165 65 100 195 75 120
Finnish 260 80 180 360 125 240
Hungarian 4,940 2,295 2,645 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 480 260 215 685 385 300
Multiple responses 137,745 68,785 68,965 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 41,765 21,230 20,540 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 24,820 12,190 12,630 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 55,325 27,215 28,115 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 15,830 8,155 7,680 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 3,479,655 1,697,540 1,782,115 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,221,100 1,571,355 1,649,745 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 2,735,685 1,338,620 1,397,065 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 579,550 288,690 290,865 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 2,156,130 1,049,930 1,106,200 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 485,420 232,735 252,680 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 255 110 145 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 145 65 80 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 140 65 75 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 20 5 15 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 370 170 200
Algonquin 10 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 75 25 50 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 65 25 45 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 5 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 485,165 232,625 252,535 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 81,700 41,455 40,250 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 6,725 3,490 3,235 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 4,540 2,360 2,180 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,185 1,130 1,055 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 360 155 205 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 0 5 0 5 0 0
Somali 350 150 200 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 74,550 37,780 36,770 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 310 145 170 340 150 185
Arabic 72,245 36,615 35,625 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 50 45 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 10 0 5
Harari 5 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 1,670 860 810 1,705 880 825
Maltese 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 185 85 100 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,190 10,830 12,360 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,590 2,095 2,495 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 18,595 8,735 9,860 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 9,375 3,760 5,610 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 15 10 10 15 5 10
Cebuano 215 100 120 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 125 55 75 130 55 75
Ilocano 745 305 435 740 305 435
Malagasy 250 130 115 360 185 170
Malay 160 80 80 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 60 30 30
Pangasinan 15 5 10 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,730 3,030 4,700 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 75 35 35
Creole languages 19,735 8,350 11,380 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 770 345 430 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 18,550 7,820 10,735 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 190 225 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 11,290 5,535 5,755 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 145 80 65 150 85 65
Malayalam 185 90 95 200 100 100
Tamil 10,635 5,170 5,465 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 315 190 130 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 265,385 127,145 138,235 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 1,390 680 710 1,615 795 820
Armenian 11,810 5,590 6,220 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 33,675 15,800 17,870 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 165 70 95 190 80 105
Latvian 60 30 30 75 40 40
Lithuanian 100 40 60 115 40 70
Slavic languages 33,510 15,730 17,775 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 20 10 10 25 15 15
Bosnian 250 120 130 965 475 495
Bulgarian 4,605 2,235 2,370 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 750 355 395 1,015 475 545
Czech 360 170 190 460 220 240
Macedonian 100 50 50 130 65 65
Polish 5,170 2,325 2,850 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 18,420 8,700 9,725 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 1,050 520 530 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 260 125 140 960 470 490
Slovak 200 100 105 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 215 90 125 225 95 135
Ukrainian 2,065 925 1,140 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 15 25
Celtic languages 20 15 5 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 5 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 15 15 5
Germanic languages 8,515 4,315 4,200 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 10 5 5 15 10 10
Danish 35 15 20 50 25 25
Dutch 225 100 120 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 1,460 655 810 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 30 10 20 30 15 20
Norwegian 15 10 10 20 5 10
Swedish 80 40 40 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 15 70 35 40
Yiddish 6,625 3,465 3,165 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 5
Greek 18,125 8,650 9,475 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 49,340 24,765 24,580 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 29,755 15,095 14,665 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 7,980 3,960 4,020 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 3,805 1,840 1,960 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 1,465 750 710 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 75 40 35 80 40 40
Nepali 165 80 90 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,710 4,620 4,090 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 130 60 70 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 175 165 365 185 180
Urdu 7,035 3,545 3,495 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 19,440 9,585 9,850 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 390 205 185 510 280 235
Pashto 875 435 440 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 18,180 8,945 9,225 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 142,515 67,330 75,190 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 90 40 50 110 50 60
Italian 32,010 14,140 17,860 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 14,240 6,780 7,465 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 22,300 10,895 11,410 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 73,850 35,455 38,395 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 35 20 15
Japanese 865 355 510 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 70 35 35
Georgian 75 40 35 70 40 35
Korean 3,365 1,545 1,820 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 145 65 70 145 70 75
Mongolian 140 65 75 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 4,435 2,120 2,315 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 435 210 230 445 215 235
Bamanankan 215 115 95 265 135 125
Edo 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ewe 95 40 55 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 430 205 225 530 255 280
Ga 15 5 10 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 15 10 10
Lingala 470 190 275 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 445 205 240 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 325 135 190 530 225 305
Shona 20 10 10 20 10 10
Swahili 360 180 180 1,100 535 565
Wolof 745 395 345 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 45 20 25 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 815 395 420 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 25 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 130 65 65
Sign languages 925 525 400 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 60 30 35 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 400 200 195 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 465 295 170 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,025 26,715 29,310 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 55,905 26,655 29,255 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 17,235 8,145 9,080 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 155 75 80 155 75 80
Mandarin 33,840 16,240 17,600 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,765 805 965 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 755 345 410 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,120 1,020 1,100 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 60 60 215 115 100
Burmese 20 10 10 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 65 35 25 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,020 980 1,045 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 1,855 905 945 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 170 70 100 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,645 2,305 2,340 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 90 45 50 100 50 55
Turkish 4,310 2,140 2,170 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 100 55 45 140 75 70
Uzbek 95 45 45 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 65 30 35
Uralic languages 1,820 795 1,020 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 25 10 15 30 10 20
Finnish 40 15 25 50 20 30
Hungarian 1,750 775 980 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 60 40 150 90 60
Multiple responses 258,550 126,180 132,370 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 55,395 28,110 27,280 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 50,005 24,120 25,890 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 115,640 55,130 60,500 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 37,520 18,820 18,705 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 3,479,655 1,697,540 1,782,115 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 2,624,250 1,274,015 1,350,235 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 279,380 141,520 137,860 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 233,550 115,230 118,320 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 265,980 128,905 137,075 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 330 125 205 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 265,645 128,780 136,870 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 32,275 16,240 16,040 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 22,075 10,825 11,250 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 20,875 10,160 10,715 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 1,270 650 625 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,856,570 1,385,430 1,471,135 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,742,430 1,331,835 1,410,600 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,535 36,504 29,148 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,742,935 1,331,915 1,411,025 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,319 32,185 26,759 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,422,145 1,200,630 1,221,515 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,531 35,538 26,010 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,120,085 959,120 1,160,965 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,667 3,540 7,483 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,998,115 1,024,295 973,820 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,856 35,548 28,452 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,857,030 1,385,465 1,471,565 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,742,500 1,331,435 1,411,065 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,907 52,008 38,207 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,743,015 1,331,510 1,411,510 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,221 40,777 31,923 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,422,145 1,200,245 1,221,905 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,885 52,241 35,677 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,119,805 958,580 1,161,230 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,955 6,826 8,887 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,998,375 1,024,315 974,060 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,596 50,180 36,673 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,857,035 1,385,465 1,471,565 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 877,695 479,085 398,605 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,397 53,619 45,129 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,611 68,817 52,950 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 90.5 80.9 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 74.1 66.3 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 9.5 19.1 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,856,565 1,385,430 1,471,140 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 114,135 53,600 60,535 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 2,742,435 1,331,830 1,410,600 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 381,980 181,360 200,625 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 501,560 207,285 294,270 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 400,305 173,950 226,355 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 337,555 159,045 178,510 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 294,060 139,610 154,445 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 218,165 108,980 109,185 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 156,985 83,255 73,735 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 124,000 67,715 56,285 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 86,040 49,210 36,825 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 57,645 36,030 21,610 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 184,130 125,380 58,750 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 117,875 77,795 40,080 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 66,255 47,585 18,670 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,856,570 1,385,430 1,471,140 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 113,630 53,520 60,115 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 2,742,935 1,331,915 1,411,025 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 394,555 184,405 210,150 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 524,800 219,045 305,755 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 482,720 215,670 267,055 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 435,320 208,720 226,600 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 321,405 159,455 161,955 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 211,225 112,595 98,630 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 138,220 77,355 60,870 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 78,590 48,375 30,215 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 156,095 106,300 49,800 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 46,750 30,175 16,570 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 28,790 19,210 9,580 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 80,565 56,910 23,650 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,856,570 1,385,425 1,471,140 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 858,455 361,135 497,320 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 1,998,115 1,024,295 973,820 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 69.9 73.9 66.2 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 258,865 129,000 129,865 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 160,610 73,025 87,585 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 292,790 134,985 157,805 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 243,810 113,855 129,960 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 229,640 110,295 119,345 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 195,230 94,965 100,265 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 151,650 79,915 71,740 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 115,265 63,620 51,645 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 99,765 55,425 44,335 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 250,500 169,220 81,285 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 64,590 40,190 24,400 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 44,635 29,445 15,190 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 141,275 99,580 41,690 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,493,385 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,609 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,838 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 508,245 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,049 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,605 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 985,135 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,227 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,097 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,493,440 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,466 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,528 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 508,225 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,605 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,853 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 985,215 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,028 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,867 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,493,380 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 29,440 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 27,450 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,475 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 74,000 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 73,640 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 64,980 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 70,615 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 74,015 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 73,600 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 70,350 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 130,685 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 112,165 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 98,075 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 83,990 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 71,265 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 388,640 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 134,105 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 87,960 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 89,465 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 77,115 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,493,380 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 31,175 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 27,850 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,975 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 77,820 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 82,970 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 77,895 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 90,115 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 91,635 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 87,235 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 84,225 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,280 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 125,890 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 102,920 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 84,930 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 69,010 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 258,460 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 116,775 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 61,205 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 80,485 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 935,490 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,469 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,946 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 326,075 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,868 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,595 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 414,015 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,694 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,599 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 168,810 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,914 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,788 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 935,345 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,779 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,022 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 325,740 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,081 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,913 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 414,500 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,051 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,708 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 168,475 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,515 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,846 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 642,400 311,885 330,515 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,654 30,644 28,864 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,081 27,600 26,672 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 641,600 310,655 330,940 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,204 40,679 37,820 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,365 33,039 31,732 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,441,575 1,684,145 1,757,425 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,961,905 939,675 1,022,235 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 379,670 187,715 191,950 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 383,565 174,535 209,035 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 424,315 202,190 222,125 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 403,050 194,180 208,865 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 371,310 181,055 190,255 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 1,479,670 744,475 735,190 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 347,270 172,080 175,190 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 325,310 162,625 162,680 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 302,375 152,520 149,850 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 260,815 132,605 128,210 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 243,900 124,645 119,255 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,441,575 1,684,150 1,757,425 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 694,385 354,435 339,950 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 237,140 121,340 115,800 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 2,229,410 1,099,655 1,129,760 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 517,780 230,060 287,715 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 554,710 261,605 293,105 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 115,500 59,195 56,305 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 40,365 20,605 19,760 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 348,340 170,145 178,195 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 90,865 32,265 58,600 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.1 15.5 16.7 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.6 16.7 16.6 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 17.0 17.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 15.5 15.8 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 17.5 14.0 20.4 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 454,010 219,685 234,325 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 85,345 43,760 41,585 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 29,860 15,235 14,620 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 307,720 155,015 152,710 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 60,940 20,905 40,030 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.2 13.0 13.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.2 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.6 12.6 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 14.1 13.5 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 11.8 9.1 13.9 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,441,490 1,683,830 1,757,660 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 3,379,530 1,659,680 1,719,850 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 2,235,665 1,145,250 1,090,415 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 3,108,310 1,523,560 1,584,750 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 1,289,660 621,780 667,885 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 885 400 485 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 370 210 160 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 290 145 150 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 15 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 70 35 40 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 70 40 30 260 130 130
Plains Cree 10 10 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 10 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 120 50 70 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 30 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 30 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 30 10 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 30 20 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 420 135 285 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 375 125 260 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 75 55 20 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 55 10 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,288,840 621,410 667,425 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 267,820 139,520 128,300 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 24,400 12,855 11,540 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 14,305 7,565 6,740 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10,235 5,360 4,875 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 1,100 535 565 1,550 745 805
Bilen 35 20 15 35 20 10
Oromo 30 20 10 45 30 10
Somali 1,030 485 545 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 255,455 132,985 122,470 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 970 470 505 1,145 540 600
Arabic 237,485 123,665 113,820 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 80 75 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 10 10 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 17,550 9,195 8,350 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 15 10 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 360 165 195 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 595 310 290 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 41,735 19,910 21,825 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,280 4,885 5,395 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 31,790 15,195 16,595 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 28,685 10,890 17,795 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 105 50 55 105 45 60
Cebuano 875 310 565 1,105 360 750
Fijian 15 10 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 500 185 315 540 195 350
Ilocano 2,430 870 1,560 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 1,385 650 730 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 960 415 545 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 100 95 195 95 100
Pangasinan 55 15 40 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,220 9,335 15,890 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 45 10 30 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 395 195 200 540 270 275
Creole languages 106,715 47,760 58,955 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 4,320 2,000 2,320 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 100,615 44,925 55,690 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,355 1,125 1,225 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 18,360 9,325 9,035 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 390 200 190 415 210 205
Malayalam 485 270 210 510 285 220
Tamil 16,990 8,555 8,430 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 885 520 370 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 25 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 719,495 345,180 374,315 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 2,780 1,400 1,380 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 19,880 9,555 10,325 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 72,175 33,515 38,655 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 905 405 500 1,080 500 585
Latvian 260 110 150 335 150 185
Lithuanian 645 295 350 755 350 410
Slavic languages 71,425 33,190 38,235 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 295 130 170 365 150 215
Bosnian 540 260 285 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 6,625 3,220 3,400 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 2,695 1,300 1,390 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 1,595 730 865 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 225 100 120 285 140 145
Polish 14,585 6,485 8,100 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 40,590 19,210 21,380 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 2,370 1,100 1,265 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 945 415 530 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 1,160 560 600 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 860 410 450 970 490 480
Ukrainian 7,710 3,290 4,415 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 120 55 65 150 75 75
Celtic languages 350 210 140 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 100 55 40 155 95 65
Welsh 60 35 25 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 200 125 75 265 175 95
Germanic languages 44,775 22,230 22,545 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 290 190 105 415 260 150
Danish 525 250 275 835 410 420
Dutch 3,075 1,615 1,450 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 10 10 0 15 10 0
German 28,000 13,900 14,100 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 100 65 30 140 80 60
Norwegian 330 160 170 510 255 255
Swedish 1,135 540 595 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 410 130 280 760 265 495
Yiddish 12,225 6,125 6,095 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 155 65 85 270 125 140
Greek 48,615 24,160 24,455 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 86,210 44,270 41,940 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 56,120 29,130 26,990 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 12,450 6,390 6,055 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 7,805 3,795 4,020 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 14,710 7,835 6,875 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 45 35 15 45 35 15
Konkani 145 75 75 150 70 75
Marathi 460 235 220 475 240 230
Nepali 240 125 115 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,335 9,415 7,920 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 455 225 230 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,255 575 670 1,335 625 710
Urdu 15,775 8,270 7,505 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 31,345 15,760 15,580 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 945 480 465 1,255 665 590
Pashto 1,620 895 725 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 29,210 14,660 14,550 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 615 330 285 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 472,760 222,975 249,785 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 655 395 260 890 525 365
Italian 156,690 75,670 81,015 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 43,920 22,065 21,855 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 38,205 18,360 19,845 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 261,895 120,390 141,505 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 325 215 110 490 345 145
Japanese 5,265 2,400 2,860 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 200 100 100 220 110 110
Georgian 200 100 100 215 105 110
Korean 5,710 2,615 3,095 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 225 120 110 270 135 130
Mongolian 225 115 110 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 35,895 17,930 17,965 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 1,695 890 805 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 1,715 880 835 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 165 80 85 190 95 95
Ewe 965 610 355 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,670 1,390 1,285 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 280 145 135 315 155 160
Ganda 55 20 30 90 40 55
Igbo 220 145 75 275 190 90
Lingala 7,370 3,285 4,080 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 985 1,125 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,860 835 1,025 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 130 55 70 150 75 80
Swahili 4,005 1,960 2,045 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 4,630 2,485 2,140 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 675 370 305 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,245 6,310 5,940 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 180 120 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 300 180 120 695 345 350
Sign languages 3,665 1,470 2,200 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 380 145 240 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 2,195 805 1,390 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,230 565 660 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,355 38,765 43,595 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 82,175 38,655 43,515 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 30,155 14,080 16,080 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 515 225 295 545 240 310
Mandarin 53,410 24,795 28,620 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 20 10 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,010 1,785 2,225 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,185 515 670 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,195 2,035 2,155 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 210 125 85 430 235 195
Burmese 70 45 25 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 50 35 10 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 6,020 2,855 3,165 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 4,975 2,440 2,535 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 1,635 655 980 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 11,155 5,545 5,610 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 445 240 210 510 275 235
Turkish 10,280 5,115 5,165 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 190 85 100 230 110 120
Uzbek 180 80 105 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 195 100 95 235 115 120
Uralic languages 6,630 3,075 3,560 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 120 50 75 150 55 95
Finnish 325 125 200 500 195 305
Hungarian 6,180 2,895 3,285 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,415 800 610 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,441,485 1,683,825 1,757,660 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,135,275 1,532,635 1,602,635 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 647,960 330,550 317,415 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,487,310 1,202,085 1,285,230 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 306,210 151,190 155,020 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,441,490 1,683,825 1,757,660 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 2,464,970 1,208,785 1,256,190 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 906,835 438,335 468,495 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 199,205 95,870 103,340 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 109,740 54,190 55,550 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 158,650 75,415 83,235 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 263,385 127,160 136,225 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 114,605 55,380 59,230 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 148,780 71,780 77,000 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 175,855 85,705 90,145 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 69,685 36,700 32,980 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 906,830 438,340 468,490 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 86,215 42,510 43,705 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 143,490 71,640 71,850 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 181,795 82,600 99,200 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 432,620 213,190 219,430 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 62,710 28,400 34,310 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 906,830 438,335 468,495 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 202,820 92,675 110,145 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 5,590 2,690 2,900 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 15,690 7,160 8,535 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 9,685 4,790 4,895 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 2,335 1,005 1,335 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 74,475 32,445 42,030 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 4,115 1,795 2,320 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 12,505 5,640 6,870 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 11,530 5,185 6,345 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 3,665 1,675 1,990 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 16,665 8,505 8,160 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 46,560 21,790 24,770 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 242,700 118,610 124,090 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,025 490 540 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 1,540 790 755 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 52,715 27,840 24,865 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 5,980 2,590 3,390 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 17,695 8,665 9,025 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 2,930 1,390 1,545 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 610 355 255 820 485 330
Italy 47,855 23,255 24,605 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 1,160 630 535 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 8,965 3,840 5,125 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 15,835 7,625 8,210 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 25,410 12,050 13,355 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 9,780 4,265 5,515 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,290 585 705 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 7,400 3,205 4,190 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,280 4,800 4,475 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 33,230 16,230 17,000 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 199,510 102,665 96,845 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 53,320 27,715 25,605 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 18,240 9,490 8,750 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 860 425 430 995 495 495
Kenya 600 285 315 785 355 430
Morocco 53,270 27,340 25,930 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 1,085 590 490 1,340 740 600
Somalia 470 225 240 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 655 350 305 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 71,020 36,240 34,780 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 260,760 123,820 136,940 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 6,125 3,055 3,075 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 7,665 3,855 3,815 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 42,270 17,980 24,290 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,490 2,200 2,290 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 17,255 8,905 8,355 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 16,345 8,120 8,225 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 2,925 1,570 1,360 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 1,405 345 1,060 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,520 1,625 1,890 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 35,350 18,710 16,645 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 9,440 4,960 4,475 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 22,880 8,620 14,260 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 10,515 5,225 5,285 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 16,225 8,010 8,215 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 2,450 1,020 1,430 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 23,155 10,720 12,435 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 38,735 18,905 19,835 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,045 570 480 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 175,850 85,710 90,145 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 39,210 18,630 20,580 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 2,245 1,135 1,120 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 5,120 2,420 2,695 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 1,840 930 910 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 15,580 7,085 8,495 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 155 110 45 190 140 55
Mexico 3,355 1,565 1,795 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,175 1,785 1,390 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,680 805 875 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 6,055 2,805 3,250 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 30,620 15,510 15,110 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 14,495 7,795 6,700 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 435 200 230 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 75 30 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,535 1,605 1,930 3,750 1,695 2,055