Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nanaimo [Population centre], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nanaimo
British Columbia
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Nanaimo [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Nanaimo [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 92,004 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 85,357 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,562 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,790 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,266.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 72.63 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 92,000 44,380 47,625 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 13,325 6,765 6,560 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,255 2,145 2,110 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,735 2,430 2,305 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,335 2,190 2,145 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 58,200 28,250 29,955 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 4,765 2,445 2,320 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,585 2,790 2,790 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,600 2,830 2,765 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,750 2,800 2,950 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,195 2,540 2,655 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,175 2,525 2,645 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,625 2,640 2,980 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 6,340 3,025 3,315 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,080 3,360 3,720 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,095 3,285 3,805 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,470 9,360 11,115 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,555 3,060 3,495 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,840 2,345 2,500 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,460 1,640 1,820 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,560 1,175 1,385 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,060 1,145 1,915 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,870 790 1,085 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 900 285 615 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 245 65 180 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 5 35 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.2 13.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.3 63.7 62.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 22.3 21.1 23.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.3 2.6 4.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.1 43.1 45.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 44.0 46.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,790 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,890 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,240 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,845 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,910 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,890 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,735 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,220 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 85 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 820 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,790 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 12,175 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 15,465 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,655 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,250 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,245 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 89,370 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 78,675 37,610 41,065 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 44,135 22,000 22,140 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 35,385 17,640 17,745 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,750 4,350 4,400 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 34,540 15,615 18,925 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 20,000 10,880 9,120 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,495 1,035 1,455 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,755 2,555 4,205 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,290 1,150 4,145 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,030 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,740 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,065 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 3,865 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,360 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,035 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 21,455 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 17,075 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,375 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,580 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,580 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,455 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 12,860 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 8,590 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,755 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,565 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,265 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,580 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,880 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,310 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 390 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 20,055 9,440 10,620 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,790 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,810 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,310 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,500 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 605 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,380 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 12,175 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,200 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 90,215 43,735 46,485 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 83,615 40,835 42,780 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 5 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,045 2,675 3,375 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 545 220 315 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 90,215 43,735 46,480 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 88,455 42,925 45,530 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,075 520 555 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 160 80 85 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 525 210 315 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,155 560 595 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 90,215 43,730 46,480 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 89,165 43,235 45,925 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 79,510 38,705 40,800 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 78,310 38,130 40,180 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,195 575 620 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 9,660 4,530 5,130 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 110 40 70 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 30 10 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 20 10 10 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 5 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 35 10 25 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 10 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 20 5 15 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,550 4,490 5,055 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 230 105 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 325 225 100 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 290 200 85 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 15 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 465 225 240 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 45 45 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 375 175 200 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 610 230 380 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 30 10 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 5 20 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 185 295 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 10 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 25 20 10 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 10 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 10 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,225 2,500 2,725 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 5 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 955 440 515 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 10 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 10 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 930 430 505 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 15 10 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 135 70 60 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 95 40 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 5 5 325 160 165
Polish 215 100 115 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 190 85 105 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 30 15 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 50 25 30 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 140 55 85 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 15 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,050 955 1,090 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 80 40 35 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 190 95 95 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 495 235 260 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 1,100 490 610 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 15 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 70 30 40 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 75 45 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 70 45 25 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,270 645 625 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,130 575 555 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 25 15 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 40 25 20 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 125 65 60 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 880 445 435 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 40 20 20 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 140 70 70 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 140 65 70 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 840 400 445 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 210 110 95 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 120 60 65 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 50 20 25 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 465 210 260 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 280 100 185 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 395 160 235 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 75 40 40 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 0 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 5 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,750 815 940 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,750 815 940 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 430 200 230 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,165 540 625 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 20 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 60 40 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 65 10 55 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 65 15 55 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 30 15 10 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 25 10 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 260 125 135 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 75 30 45 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 165 85 80 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,050 495 555 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 255 120 130 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 760 360 400 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 20 10 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 90,215 43,735 46,485 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 88,465 42,925 45,545 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 84,680 41,080 43,600 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 84,430 40,970 43,465 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 250 115 135 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,785 1,840 1,945 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,780 1,840 1,945 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 185 115 75 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 185 110 70 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 165 105 65 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 150 155 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 35 30 800 375 420
Vietnamese 240 115 125 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 165 80 85 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 65 75 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 5 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,460 705 755 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 280 135 150 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 280 135 155 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 40 15 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 35 20 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 0 150 75 75
Polish 50 25 25 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 115 55 60 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 0 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 200 95 110 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 35 20 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 55 25 25 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 95 40 55 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 720 355 365 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 640 320 315 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 15 10 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 45 25 20 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 5 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 540 270 270 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 20 10 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 80 35 50 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 80 30 45 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 235 115 120 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 30 15 15 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 35 20 20 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 10 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 150 80 70 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 125 55 65 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 265 120 140 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 10 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,165 555 605 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,165 560 610 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 210 105 110 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 860 405 460 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 40 30 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 10 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 45 20 25 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 15 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 10 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,750 815 935 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 115 55 60 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,600 745 855 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 90,215 43,730 46,480 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 84,165 40,960 43,210 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,675 810 865 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 995 425 570 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,275 1,490 1,785 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 125 50 75 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,150 1,440 1,710 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 5 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 55 25 25 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 40 10 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 76,065 36,545 39,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,670 35,345 38,330 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,098 38,449 27,501 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,745 35,400 38,345 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,072 33,838 25,612 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,130 32,185 33,945 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,100 35,649 23,893 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,230 24,325 30,900 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,347 7,696 7,135 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,705 26,365 26,345 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,941 33,244 23,943 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 76,090 36,545 39,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,735 35,330 38,400 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,636 47,644 34,188 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,795 35,390 38,405 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,793 39,781 30,196 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,075 32,120 33,955 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,417 46,139 31,114 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,100 24,285 30,810 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,308 8,293 8,320 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,760 26,295 26,465 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,734 43,196 30,312 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 76,090 36,545 39,545 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,775 11,515 9,260 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,760 54,403 44,450 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,480 60,758 48,917 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.8 88.1 80.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.6 67.9 60.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.1 12.0 19.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 76,065 36,545 39,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,390 1,200 1,190 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 73,675 35,345 38,330 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.9 96.7 97.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,705 4,225 5,480 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 13,880 5,355 8,525 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,170 4,505 6,665 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,390 4,200 5,185 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,740 3,630 4,115 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,935 3,080 2,855 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,310 2,590 1,715 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,235 2,005 1,230 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,405 1,495 910 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,755 1,115 640 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,150 3,145 1,005 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,125 2,325 795 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,020 820 205 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 76,065 36,545 39,520 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,315 1,145 1,175 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 73,745 35,400 38,345 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 96.9 97.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,155 4,460 5,695 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 14,625 5,725 8,905 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 13,150 5,525 7,625 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,835 4,915 5,925 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,295 4,110 4,185 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,595 3,270 2,325 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,975 2,485 1,490 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,740 1,670 1,070 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,370 3,245 1,125 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,620 1,150 475 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 885 645 240 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,860 1,455 405 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 76,060 36,545 39,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 23,355 10,180 13,180 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 52,705 26,360 26,345 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.3 72.1 66.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,525 4,580 4,950 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,205 1,785 2,425 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,640 3,235 4,405 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,255 2,750 3,510 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,545 2,385 3,160 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,765 2,175 2,590 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,795 2,005 1,785 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,800 1,700 1,095 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,240 1,380 860 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 5,935 4,375 1,565 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,130 620 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,295 855 445 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 2,890 2,390 500 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,790 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,449 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,750 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,175 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,288 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,054 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,615 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,190 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,742 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,790 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,296 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,526 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,190 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,111 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,472 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,600 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,839 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,802 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,790 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 695 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,435 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,880 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,050 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,720 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,975 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,980 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,975 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,760 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,430 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,980 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,625 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,440 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,095 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,210 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,935 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,465 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,385 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,420 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,790 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 730 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,460 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,935 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,325 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,145 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,320 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,335 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,240 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,060 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,720 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,335 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,985 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,490 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,985 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,180 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,405 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,810 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,965 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,870 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,380 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,705 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,060 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,630 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,625 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,675 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,231 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,610 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,325 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,658 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,450 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,850 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,748 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,560 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,050 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,671 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,083 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,725 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,189 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,943 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,310 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,203 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,847 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 18,050 8,595 9,460 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,941 29,114 27,211 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,818 26,362 25,400 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,080 8,630 9,455 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,967 37,831 34,265 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,118 32,143 30,182 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 89,370 43,295 46,075 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 49,405 23,250 26,155 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 11,765 5,570 6,190 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,270 4,615 5,650 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 9,275 4,350 4,925 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,280 4,450 4,825 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 8,820 4,270 4,555 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 39,960 20,040 19,920 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 8,595 4,230 4,365 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 8,840 4,395 4,445 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 8,525 4,250 4,285 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,955 4,035 3,920 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,045 3,140 2,910 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 88,780 43,010 45,770 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 15,865 8,085 7,780 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,130 2,595 2,535 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 54,460 26,215 28,240 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 18,455 8,705 9,750 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,140 6,950 8,190 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,635 1,855 1,775 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,255 630 620 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 9,170 4,200 4,965 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,335 890 1,445 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.1 16.2 17.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.9 22.9 22.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 24.5 24.3 24.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 16.0 17.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.7 10.2 14.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,405 4,570 4,835 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,050 1,075 975 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 715 380 340 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,885 3,305 3,580 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 470 195 275 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 13.3 12.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.6 13.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.2 2.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 89,445 43,315 46,130 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 88,905 43,085 45,820 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 88,895 43,080 45,820 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,035 2,700 3,330 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 12,740 5,965 6,770 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 250 120 125 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 45 30 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 20 20 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 15 10 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 80 40 45 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 60 25 35 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 10 10 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 10 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 85 40 50 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 35 25 15 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 50 20 35 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,500 5,850 6,650 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 390 255 135 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 375 260 125 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 330 240 85 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 35 15 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 500 265 230 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 65 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 405 200 205 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 810 280 530 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 105 45 60 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 45 25 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 50 10 40 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 715 245 475 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 25 10 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 45 20 25 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 20 15 10 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 20 0 15 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 7,530 3,555 3,975 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 10 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,005 455 555 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 995 450 545 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 10 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 15 10 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 175 95 90 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 55 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 10 10 400 220 185
Polish 200 85 115 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 225 80 140 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 75 20 50 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 40 10 25 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 190 75 115 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 50 25 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 15 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,715 1,245 1,470 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 205 120 85 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 200 85 110 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 615 275 345 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 25 10 10 465 230 240
German 1,545 720 820 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 105 50 50 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 125 45 75 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 30 15 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 115 60 55 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,610 815 795 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,405 700 700 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 35 15 15 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 75 30 45 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 385 175 210 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 15 0 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,100 575 520 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 100 60 35 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 205 110 95 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 205 110 95 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,240 1,050 1,190 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 370 160 205 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 225 100 130 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 75 45 30 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,675 785 885 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 490 210 280 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 360 175 185 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 175 105 70 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 15 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 10 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 25 10 15 165 80 85
Igbo 35 25 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 0 415 220 195
Swahili 30 15 15 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 30 10 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 135 40 95 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 70 25 45 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 15 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,035 955 1,075 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,025 950 1,070 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 540 245 295 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,455 685 775 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 10 40 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 55 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 10 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 65 10 55 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 65 10 50 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 60 30 35 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 15 20 945 510 435
Turkish 30 15 15 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 270 105 165 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 75 30 40 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 190 70 120 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 89,445 43,315 46,130 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 84,870 41,100 43,775 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,505 7,925 7,580 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,365 33,175 36,190 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,575 2,220 2,355 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 89,445 43,320 46,130 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 74,540 36,205 38,340 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 13,470 6,305 7,160 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,850 3,325 3,520 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,380 610 770 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,515 675 840 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,430 1,100 1,325 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,090 500 590 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,340 605 730 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,295 595 705 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,435 805 630 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 13,470 6,310 7,160 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,605 805 805 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,420 1,195 1,220 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,080 1,375 1,705 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 5,410 2,510 2,900 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 950 425 525 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,470 6,310 7,165 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,670 720 955 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 45 15 30 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 55 15 35 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 15 0 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 10 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 15 0 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 30 0 20 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 95 35 55 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 55 20 35 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 30 20 20 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,100 510 595 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 220 90 130 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,855 3,380 3,475 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 155 70 85 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 95 50 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 765 360 410 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 45 35 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 55 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 50 50 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 135 75 60 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 490 225 270 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 150 85 65 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 45 25 20 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 90 45 45 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 75 30 50 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 50 20 25 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 55 25 35 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,710 1,845 1,860 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 760 380 375 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 595 325 265 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 20 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 10 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 25 15 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 15 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 25 15 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 315 175 145 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 170 80 90 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 4,140 1,795 2,350 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 25 10 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 815 370 445 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 80 55 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 860 425 435 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 185 105 85 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 10 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 160 40 115 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 285 120 160 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 20 15 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 40 10 25 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 700 235 460 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 20 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 55 20 35 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 70 30 40 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 360 155 210 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 410 155 260 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 210 95 110 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,295 590 700 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 135 75 55 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 10 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 10 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 15 10 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 60 30 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 220 85 135 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 50 0 45 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380