Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 308,875 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 290,704 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 116,268 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 113,297 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,998.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 154.57 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 308,870 150,505 158,365 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 56,210 28,825 27,380 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 17,335 8,900 8,440 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 19,420 9,920 9,500 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 19,455 10,010 9,445 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 207,870 101,970 105,895 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 19,950 10,070 9,880 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 20,485 10,545 9,940 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 18,135 9,190 8,945 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 19,180 9,345 9,840 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 20,210 9,535 10,670 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 21,555 10,400 11,150 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 22,715 10,935 11,780 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 25,885 12,655 13,230 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 22,385 11,030 11,355 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 17,365 8,255 9,110 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 44,795 19,710 25,090 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 14,950 6,935 8,015 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 10,450 4,900 5,550 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 7,640 3,370 4,270 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,770 2,500 3,270 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,985 2,005 3,980 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,765 1,400 2,365 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,760 510 1,255 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 405 85 315 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 60 15 45 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.2 17.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.3 67.8 66.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.1 15.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.5 38.5 40.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 38.9 41.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 113,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 70,795 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,340 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 32,150 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,625 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 12,140 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,555 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,665 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 113,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 24,895 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 35,030 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 20,590 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 20,930 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,855 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 305,320 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 252,660 121,675 130,985 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 144,075 71,950 72,120 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 121,020 60,445 60,575 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 23,055 11,510 11,550 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 108,585 49,725 58,865 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 70,820 37,630 33,195 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 8,690 3,550 5,140 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 15,705 5,780 9,925 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 13,370 2,770 10,600 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 88,120 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 38,965 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 20,870 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 20,335 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,950 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 88,120 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 70,810 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 59,290 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,520 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,305 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 13,810 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 3,500 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 70,810 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 28,850 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 41,960 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 15,660 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 18,795 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,505 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,305 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 10,115 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,210 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,985 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 41,490 19,335 22,150 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 113,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 81,475 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 26,375 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 55,100 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,250 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,575 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 24,895 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 306,450 149,630 156,820 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 281,545 139,105 142,430 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 240 110 135 1,110 530 580
English and French 22,550 9,590 12,965 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,115 830 1,290 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 306,455 149,635 156,820 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 298,030 145,865 152,160 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,385 2,540 2,840 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,010 445 565 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,035 785 1,250 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,890 2,765 3,120 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 306,455 149,635 156,820 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 301,280 147,155 154,125 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 261,250 128,085 133,165 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 255,790 125,500 130,285 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,460 2,580 2,880 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 40,030 19,075 20,955 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 35 10 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,000 19,060 20,940 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,985 1,055 930 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 45 25 25 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 35 15 20 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,935 1,030 905 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 65 35 30 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,565 860 705 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 440 240 195
Harari 10 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 205 95 110 80 40 40
Tigrigna 30 15 15 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 200 255 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 420 185 235 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,220 860 1,355 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 75 25 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 55 25 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 60 25 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,955 750 1,200 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 160 70 90 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,015 995 1,025 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 235 130 110 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,630 795 840 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 110 55 55 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 27,215 13,105 14,110 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 95 50 45 1,090 560 530
Armenian 125 55 70 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,555 2,955 3,595 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 105 50 55 645 280 370
Latvian 55 25 30 320 145 175
Lithuanian 50 20 25 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,450 2,910 3,540 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 65 25 35 1,725 805 915
Croatian 345 180 170 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 120 60 60 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 635 315 320 250 120 135
Polish 2,865 1,250 1,610 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 635 260 375 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 385 205 180 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 1,145 545 600
Slovak 170 65 105 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 80 90 545 250 290
Ukrainian 960 415 550 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 20 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 125 65 60
Welsh 20 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 3,085 1,375 1,710 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 70 30 40 1,435 730 705
Danish 85 40 40 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,135 510 620 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 15 15 80 30 50
German 1,655 725 930 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 25 10 10 835 410 430
Swedish 45 30 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,065 540 525 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 7,500 3,795 3,700 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,660 2,840 2,815 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 475 245 235 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 815 405 410 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 550 275 275 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 20 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 50 25 25 535 280 255
Nepali 15 5 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 745 385 360 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 90 40 50 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 80 95 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,705 1,360 1,350 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,805 940 865 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 35 20 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 165 90 80 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,605 830 775 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 8,750 4,305 4,445 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 3,275 1,700 1,580 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,950 950 1,000 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 615 275 340 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,900 1,380 1,520 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 105 40 65 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 360 180 180 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 540 260 280 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 55 30 25 160 90 65
Lingala 15 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 5 105 45 55
Shona 40 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 75 40 40 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 85 45 40 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 80 30 45 620 330 295
American Sign Language 35 15 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,560 1,645 1,915 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,540 1,635 1,910 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,365 635 730 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 35 15 20 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,900 880 1,020 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 25 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 25 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 80 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 5 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 155 65 90 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 40 20 25 800 405 400
Thai 115 45 70 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 145 75 65 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 125 65 60 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 975 470 505 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 65 45 30 455 195 260
Finnish 120 50 70 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 785 375 405 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,170 2,475 2,695 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 925 440 485 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,955 1,895 2,060 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 160 80 80 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 130 60 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 306,455 149,635 156,820 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 296,925 145,080 151,840 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 280,535 137,320 143,215 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 278,415 136,310 142,110 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,115 1,010 1,110 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 16,385 7,760 8,630 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,385 7,755 8,630 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 830 415 410 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 10 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 795 400 395 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 15 5 10 535 250 290
Arabic 700 355 345 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 45 20 25 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 120 155 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 265 115 150 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 650 290 355 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 595 270 325 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 45 20 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,265 605 660 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 130 75 55 885 450 435
Tamil 1,065 500 570 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 30 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 10,160 4,780 5,385 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 25 20 530 255 270
Armenian 55 25 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,360 1,055 1,305 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 10 10 160 75 90
Latvian 5 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,340 1,045 1,295 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 80 40 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 20 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 165 70 95 120 60 60
Polish 1,195 545 650 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 320 140 185 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 190 90 100 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 435 205 235
Slovak 40 20 20 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 235 90 145 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 240 95 145 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 65 25 40 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 5 5 5 0
German 145 60 90 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 295 140 150 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 4,055 1,970 2,085 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,020 1,475 1,545 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 250 125 130 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 395 185 210 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 240 110 130 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 35 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 385 195 195 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 15 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 595 290 305
Urdu 1,600 785 815 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,030 495 535 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 20 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 90 45 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 925 440 480 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 3,115 1,465 1,650 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 830 365 465 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 665 305 355 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 285 130 150 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,340 660 680 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 50 20 25 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 200 105 100 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 65 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 130 75 55 830 460 370
American Sign Language 45 20 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 55 35 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,280 1,095 1,180 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,275 1,090 1,180 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 775 365 405 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,370 655 715 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 35 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 5 15 335 160 175
Thai 75 30 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 65 30 30 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 55 30 25 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 225 105 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 210 100 115 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 9,530 4,555 4,980 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 735 325 405 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 8,505 4,090 4,415 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 55 30 30 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 235 110 125 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 306,450 149,635 156,820 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 279,305 136,955 142,355 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 8,570 4,195 4,370 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,930 1,610 2,320 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 14,155 6,650 7,505 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 40 20 25 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 14,110 6,635 7,480 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 90 35 55 965 435 530
English and non-official language 175 85 90 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 225 95 130 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 249,200 120,355 128,840 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 237,025 114,565 122,455 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,288 45,552 30,448 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 237,105 114,570 122,535 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,601 40,082 28,027 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 212,645 105,190 107,450 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,236 45,045 28,220 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,335 73,845 95,485 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,357 2,055 5,629 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,770 93,550 88,220 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,046 44,323 31,266 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 249,305 120,360 128,945 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 236,940 114,315 122,625 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,047 57,258 39,461 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 237,050 114,320 122,730 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,666 46,182 33,597 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 212,355 104,865 107,490 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,724 57,761 37,933 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,215 73,600 95,615 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,387 6,637 7,965 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,890 93,375 88,515 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,273 54,887 39,240 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 249,305 120,360 128,945 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 88,700 49,340 39,370 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,172 66,671 53,529 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,160 76,995 59,340 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 92.5 84.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.3 78.2 71.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 7.5 15.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 249,200 120,355 128,845 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 12,180 5,790 6,390 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 237,025 114,570 122,450 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.2 95.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,370 14,715 19,660 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 37,445 14,445 22,995 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 28,745 10,885 17,860 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 24,430 10,680 13,750 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 24,115 11,490 12,630 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 19,705 10,115 9,590 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 15,415 8,535 6,880 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,375 7,215 5,165 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 5,930 4,130 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,720 4,985 3,735 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 21,635 15,580 6,055 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 15,725 10,945 4,780 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,915 4,630 1,280 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 249,205 120,360 128,845 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 12,095 5,785 6,310 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 237,110 114,575 122,535 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.2 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,360 14,900 20,465 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 39,130 15,145 23,985 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 33,375 13,120 20,255 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 30,715 13,995 16,720 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 28,045 14,105 13,940 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 20,825 11,495 9,330 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,665 9,215 6,455 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 12,430 7,275 5,155 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 21,560 15,325 6,235 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,925 5,050 2,875 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,670 3,340 1,330 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 8,965 6,935 2,030 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 249,200 120,360 128,845 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 67,430 26,805 40,620 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 181,770 93,550 88,220 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.9 77.7 68.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 27,695 14,365 13,330 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 13,630 5,765 7,860 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 21,355 9,120 12,230 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 16,915 7,330 9,590 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 16,095 7,070 9,025 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 15,705 7,285 8,420 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 14,205 7,260 6,945 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,715 6,490 5,220 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 10,020 5,870 4,150 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 34,440 22,995 11,450 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,555 5,030 3,530 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,720 4,415 3,300 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 18,165 13,545 4,620 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 113,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,981 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,753 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,895 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,123 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,464 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,400 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,406 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,377 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 113,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,440 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,958 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,870 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,653 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,546 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,475 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,998 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,880 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 113,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,000 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,000 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,485 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,040 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,690 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,440 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,715 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,760 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,205 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,990 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,175 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,830 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,425 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,065 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,805 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,670 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,995 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,485 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,170 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,020 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 113,295 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,070 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,510 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,190 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,120 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,910 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,355 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,815 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,910 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,915 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,955 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,360 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,020 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,400 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,080 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,675 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,195 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,940 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,545 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 85,865 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,235 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,173 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 25,545 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,496 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,123 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 42,345 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,179 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,392 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 15,695 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,164 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,949 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 85,945 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,960 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,699 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 25,540 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,933 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,801 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 42,455 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,344 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,079 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,670 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,110 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,252 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,345 16,595 17,750 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,168 39,097 32,519 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,699 34,503 29,824 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,320 16,555 17,765 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,841 47,358 40,563 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,839 39,024 34,803 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 305,320 149,130 156,185 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 129,145 60,730 68,420 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 23,905 11,435 12,470 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 23,415 10,275 13,145 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 24,750 11,555 13,200 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 27,200 12,920 14,280 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 29,875 14,550 15,325 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 176,165 88,400 87,770 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 32,075 15,855 16,220 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 34,520 17,080 17,435 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 37,420 18,730 18,690 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 40,180 20,360 19,820 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 31,975 16,375 15,600 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 305,315 149,130 156,185 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 67,880 34,655 33,225 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 21,040 10,810 10,230 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 195,060 95,450 99,615 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 42,375 19,025 23,345 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 33,550 15,290 18,265 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 10,015 5,115 4,895 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 3,395 1,745 1,655 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 19,845 9,000 10,840 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,695 1,175 2,525 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.0 10.3 11.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.8 14.8 14.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.4 10.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 8.7 6.2 10.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,520 9,560 9,965 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,080 2,640 2,440 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,745 920 825 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,595 6,590 7,010 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 845 330 515 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.5 8.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.9 7.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.7 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 305,535 149,205 156,325 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 303,445 148,330 155,110 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 303,245 148,240 155,005 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 22,730 9,805 12,925 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 50,490 24,360 26,135 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 85 30 55 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 60 20 40 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 30 10 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 15 15 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,405 24,330 26,080 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,505 1,330 1,175 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 50 30 20 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 40 20 20 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,450 1,300 1,150 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 75 45 25 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,960 1,060 900 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 20 0 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 120 55 65 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 250 115 135 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 480 195 280 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 40 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 410 160 250 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,985 1,170 1,820 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 215 90 125 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 105 45 60 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 140 55 85 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 35 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,670 1,045 1,625 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 545 245 300 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 195 85 110 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 165 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,670 1,360 1,315 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 95 50 40 445 210 235
Malayalam 315 150 160 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,225 1,150 1,075 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 170 75 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 34,675 16,885 17,790 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 110 55 55 1,135 580 555
Armenian 150 70 80 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,715 3,635 4,080 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 90 40 45 635 310 325
Latvian 50 25 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 15 25 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,640 3,600 4,040 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 60 35 25 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 85 45 35 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 575 290 290 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 245 130 115 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 780 385 400 345 180 160
Polish 3,180 1,460 1,720 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,010 415 595 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 685 355 325 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 1,240 595 645
Slovak 180 90 85 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 85 115 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,280 585 690 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 115 60 55 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 350 225 120
Welsh 25 0 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 4,005 1,770 2,230 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 205 80 125 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 105 35 70 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,165 510 655 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 25 0 120 55 65
German 2,420 1,090 1,330 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 20 10 15 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 35 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 80 40 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 20 10 15 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 1,600 805 795 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 9,650 4,865 4,795 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,840 3,930 3,910 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 665 340 325 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,120 545 575 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,400 1,230 1,180 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 15 10 45 25 20
Konkani 45 30 20 375 185 190
Marathi 85 40 45 1,275 650 625
Nepali 30 15 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,535 810 725 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 140 65 75 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 170 245 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,850 1,965 1,885 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,920 980 940 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 20 15 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 160 95 65 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,815 910 905 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 12,155 6,050 6,100 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,700 2,450 2,245 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,340 1,170 1,170 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 810 375 430 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,680 2,240 2,440 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 220 130 85
Japanese 235 90 145 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 390 200 195 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,110 535 570 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 155 80 75 495 280 215
Bamanankan 15 10 10 20 10 10
Edo 20 10 15 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 15 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 70 35 35 240 140 95
Lingala 115 70 45 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 15 35 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 35 210 95 115
Shona 80 35 45 265 125 140
Swahili 190 100 90 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 185 85 100 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 150 155 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 555 210 345 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 335 115 225 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,005 1,910 2,100 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 3,980 1,895 2,085 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,680 755 925 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,460 1,170 1,285 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 60 45 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 45 25 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 90 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 15 10 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 185 130 60 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 90 45 40 1,125 505 620
Thai 115 80 30 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 190 105 90 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 15 835 455 385
Turkish 175 95 80 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,065 565 505 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 50 35 20 495 205 295
Finnish 125 65 65 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 890 465 425 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 305,535 149,205 156,325 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 294,235 143,685 150,555 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 66,740 34,125 32,615 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 227,495 109,560 117,935 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,300 5,520 5,780 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 305,530 149,205 156,325 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 244,570 119,990 124,580 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 59,280 28,235 31,045 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 24,350 11,450 12,905 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 8,485 4,135 4,345 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 10,460 5,050 5,410 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 11,805 5,590 6,215 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 6,375 3,030 3,345 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,430 2,560 2,875 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,180 2,010 2,175 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,685 985 700 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 59,275 28,230 31,045 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 7,015 3,595 3,425 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 12,835 6,470 6,360 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 14,370 6,420 7,950 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 21,560 10,245 11,320 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,500 1,505 1,995 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 59,275 28,235 31,045 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 14,590 6,625 7,970 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 300 105 190 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 320 155 165 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 220 115 105 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,350 1,055 1,295 920 415 500
Haiti 110 45 60 265 110 160
Jamaica 4,280 1,905 2,370 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 295 110 180 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 160 70 85 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 2,055 1,015 1,040 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,910 795 1,120 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,595 1,245 1,345 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 23,980 11,570 12,410 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 140 85 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 385 180 205 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 190 125 70 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,405 705 705 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 650 350 300 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 455 265 195 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 510 240 270 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,080 1,125 950 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,070 525 550 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,990 890 1,100 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,090 555 540 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 715 340 370 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 385 160 230 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 330 150 180 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 480 205 275 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,935 4,630 5,305 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,080 990 1,095 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,185 1,610 1,570 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 0 15 430 270 150
Egypt 375 195 175 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 100 50 55 1,665 835 825
Kenya 180 75 100 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 80 55 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 430 200 225 1,205 630 575
Somalia 40 25 15 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 455 245 205 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 750 760 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 17,300 8,290 9,015 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 870 430 440 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 425 205 215 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,085 940 1,145 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 475 225 250 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,995 1,515 1,480 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 450 245 205 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 135 65 70 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 80 10 70 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 345 185 160 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 320 180 140 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 2,395 1,250 1,145 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,920 1,185 1,735 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,705 810 890 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 25 20 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 105 50 55 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 355 140 215 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,600 815 790 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 145 80 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,185 2,010 2,175 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 925 490 430 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 40 15 30 960 445 520
Colombia 55 25 25 465 220 240
Cuba 30 15 15 70 35 30
Haiti 30 15 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 210 140 75 160 115 45
Mexico 40 25 20 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 200 110 85 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 0 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 305 150 155 1,855 875 975
Europe 495 250 250 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 15 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90
Romania 55 25