Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa
Ontario
[Population centre]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Oshawa [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 308,875 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 290,704 r ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 116,268 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 113,297 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,998.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 154.57 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 308,870 150,505 158,365 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 56,210 28,825 27,380 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 17,335 8,900 8,440 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 19,420 9,920 9,500 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 19,455 10,010 9,445 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 207,870 101,970 105,895 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 19,950 10,070 9,880 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 20,485 10,545 9,940 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 18,135 9,190 8,945 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 19,180 9,345 9,840 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 20,210 9,535 10,670 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 21,555 10,400 11,150 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 22,715 10,935 11,780 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 25,885 12,655 13,230 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 22,385 11,030 11,355 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 17,365 8,255 9,110 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 44,795 19,710 25,090 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 14,950 6,935 8,015 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 10,450 4,900 5,550 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 7,640 3,370 4,270 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 5,770 2,500 3,270 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 5,985 2,005 3,980 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 3,765 1,400 2,365 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 1,760 510 1,255 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 405 85 315 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 60 15 45 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.2 17.3 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.3 67.8 66.9 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 14.5 13.1 15.8 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.5 38.5 40.6 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 40.1 38.9 41.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 113,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 70,795 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,340 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 32,150 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,625 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 12,140 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,555 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,665 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 113,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 24,895 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 35,030 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 20,590 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 20,930 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,855 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 305,320 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 252,660 121,675 130,985 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 144,075 71,950 72,120 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 121,020 60,445 60,575 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 23,055 11,510 11,550 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 108,585 49,725 58,865 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 70,820 37,630 33,195 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 8,690 3,550 5,140 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 15,705 5,780 9,925 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 13,370 2,770 10,600 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 88,120 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 38,965 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 20,870 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 20,335 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,950 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 88,120 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 70,810 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 59,290 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,520 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 17,305 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 13,810 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 3,500 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 70,810 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 28,850 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 41,960 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 15,660 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 18,795 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 7,505 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 17,305 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 10,115 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 5,210 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 1,985 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 41,490 19,335 22,150 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 113,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 81,475 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 26,375 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 55,100 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,250 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,575 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 24,895 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 306,450 149,630 156,820 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 281,545 139,105 142,430 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 240 110 135 1,485 680 800
English and French 22,550 9,590 12,965 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,115 830 1,290 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 306,455 149,635 156,820 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 298,030 145,865 152,160 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 5,385 2,540 2,840 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 1,010 445 565 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,035 785 1,250 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,890 2,765 3,120 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.8 2.0 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 306,455 149,635 156,820 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 301,280 147,155 154,125 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 261,250 128,085 133,165 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 255,790 125,500 130,285 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 5,460 2,580 2,880 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 40,030 19,075 20,955 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 35 10 15 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,000 19,060 20,940 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,985 1,055 930 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 45 25 25 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 10 5 0 345 175 170
Somali 35 15 20 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 1,935 1,030 905 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 65 35 30 1,770 885 885
Arabic 1,565 860 705 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 10 10 545 320 225
Maltese 205 95 110 40 20 25
Tigrigna 30 15 15 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 200 255 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 15 280 135 145
Vietnamese 420 185 235 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,220 860 1,355 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 5 0 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 75 25 55 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 390 170 220
Ilocano 55 25 30 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 60 25 35 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 0 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,955 750 1,200 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 70 85
Creole languages 160 70 90 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 2,015 995 1,025 1,565 825 735
Kannada 35 15 15 95 50 40
Malayalam 235 130 110 790 410 380
Tamil 1,630 795 840 480 255 230
Telugu 110 55 55 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 27,215 13,105 14,110 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 95 50 45 350 170 180
Armenian 125 55 70 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 6,555 2,955 3,595 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 105 50 55 165 65 95
Latvian 55 25 30 80 35 45
Lithuanian 50 20 25 85 35 45
Slavic languages 6,450 2,910 3,540 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 5 5 40 20 25
Bosnian 20 10 10 575 285 290
Bulgarian 65 25 35 140 70 65
Croatian 345 180 170 1,030 505 530
Czech 120 60 60 615 310 310
Macedonian 635 315 320 145 70 75
Polish 2,865 1,250 1,610 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 635 260 375 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 385 205 180 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 240 110 130
Slovak 170 65 105 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 80 90 270 130 140
Ukrainian 960 415 550 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 75 40 30
Celtic languages 45 20 25 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 50 25 20
Welsh 20 10 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 3,085 1,375 1,710 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 70 30 40 420 220 205
Danish 85 40 40 280 145 135
Dutch 1,135 510 620 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 30 15 15 55 30 25
German 1,655 725 930 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 5 0 5 475 210 260
Norwegian 25 10 10 115 45 65
Swedish 45 30 20 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 5 0 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 1,065 540 525 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 7,500 3,795 3,700 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 5,660 2,840 2,815 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 475 245 235 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 815 405 410 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 550 275 275 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 20 10 10 35 20 15
Marathi 50 25 25 135 80 50
Nepali 15 5 10 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 745 385 360 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 90 40 50 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 80 95 670 345 320
Urdu 2,705 1,360 1,350 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 1,805 940 865 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 35 20 10 415 210 200
Pashto 165 90 80 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,605 830 775 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 8,750 4,305 4,445 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 5 5 5 0 0 5
Italian 3,275 1,700 1,580 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 1,950 950 1,000 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 615 275 340 645 310 335
Spanish 2,900 1,380 1,520 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Japanese 105 40 65 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 360 180 180 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 5 5 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 540 260 280 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 150 90 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 10 5 5 40 20 15
Ewe 10 5 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Ga 15 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 10 5 5 50 20 30
Igbo 55 30 25 280 155 130
Lingala 15 5 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 5 250 125 120
Shona 40 20 25 110 50 60
Swahili 75 40 40 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 85 45 40 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 80 30 45 440 230 210
American Sign Language 35 15 20 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,560 1,645 1,915 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 3,540 1,635 1,910 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 1,365 635 730 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 35 15 20 55 30 25
Mandarin 1,900 880 1,020 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 5 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 25 35 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 25 20 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 80 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 5 575 295 285
Burmese 5 5 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 155 65 90 1,120 525 595
Lao 40 20 25 875 445 430
Thai 115 45 70 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 145 75 65 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 30 20 15
Turkish 125 65 60 210 120 95
Uyghur 5 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 975 470 505 1,440 655 790
Estonian 65 45 30 30 10 15
Finnish 120 50 70 225 85 135
Hungarian 785 375 405 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 155 85 70
Multiple responses 5,170 2,475 2,695 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 925 440 485 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 3,955 1,895 2,060 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 160 80 80 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 130 60 70 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 306,455 149,635 156,820 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 296,925 145,080 151,840 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 280,535 137,320 143,215 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 278,415 136,310 142,110 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 2,115 1,010 1,110 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 16,385 7,760 8,630 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,385 7,755 8,630 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 830 415 410 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 5 5 0 210 95 115
Somali 20 10 15 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 795 400 395 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 15 5 10 1,045 520 525
Arabic 700 355 345 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 45 20 25 10 5 5
Tigrigna 5 5 5 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 120 155 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 125 55 70
Vietnamese 265 115 150 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 650 290 355 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 25 10 15 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 5 5 5 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 595 270 325 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 45 20 20 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 1,265 605 660 800 400 400
Kannada 5 5 5 45 25 25
Malayalam 130 75 55 405 195 205
Tamil 1,065 500 570 240 120 120
Telugu 65 30 35 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 10,160 4,780 5,385 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 45 25 20 155 80 75
Armenian 55 25 30 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 2,360 1,055 1,305 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 15 10 10 25 10 15
Latvian 5 5 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Slavic languages 2,340 1,045 1,295 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 5 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 5 5 5 285 145 140
Bulgarian 30 15 15 65 30 30
Croatian 80 40 45 320 145 180
Czech 20 10 10 115 55 60
Macedonian 165 70 95 85 35 45
Polish 1,195 545 650 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 320 140 185 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 190 90 100 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 90 40 50
Slovak 40 20 20 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 55 20 30
Ukrainian 235 90 145 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 0 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 240 95 145 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 20 10 10 200 100 100
Danish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 65 25 40 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 5 10 5 5
German 145 60 90 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 5 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 295 140 150 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 4,055 1,970 2,085 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 3,020 1,475 1,545 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 250 125 130 690 390 305
Gujarati 395 185 210 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 240 110 130 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 0 10 5 5
Marathi 35 15 15 40 25 20
Nepali 10 5 5 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 385 195 195 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 25 15 15 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 360 190 170
Urdu 1,600 785 815 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 1,030 495 535 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 20 5 5 275 135 140
Pashto 90 45 45 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 925 440 480 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 3,115 1,465 1,650 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 830 365 465 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 665 305 355 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 285 130 150 235 110 125
Spanish 1,340 660 680 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 50 20 25 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 200 105 100 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 65 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 10 5 0 75 40 35
Lingala 5 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 105 55 50
Shona 0 5 0 10 5 10
Swahili 10 5 5 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 15 10 10 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 130 75 55 560 310 255
American Sign Language 45 20 20 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 55 35 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,280 1,095 1,180 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 2,275 1,090 1,180 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 775 365 405 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 10 5 5 25 10 15
Mandarin 1,370 655 715 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 35 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 5 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 535 250 280
Lao 20 5 15 430 210 220
Thai 75 30 40 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 30 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 55 30 25 65 35 35
Uyghur 5 0 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 225 105 120 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 10 5 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 210 100 115 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 9,530 4,555 4,980 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 735 325 405 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 8,505 4,090 4,415 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 55 30 30 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 235 110 125 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 306,450 149,635 156,820 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 279,305 136,955 142,355 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 8,570 4,195 4,370 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 3,930 1,610 2,320 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 14,155 6,650 7,505 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 40 20 25 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 14,110 6,635 7,480 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 90 35 55 305 150 150
English and non-official language 175 85 90 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 225 95 130 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 249,200 120,355 128,840 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 237,025 114,565 122,455 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,288 45,552 30,448 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 237,105 114,570 122,535 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,601 40,082 28,027 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 212,645 105,190 107,450 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,236 45,045 28,220 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,335 73,845 95,485 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,357 2,055 5,629 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,770 93,550 88,220 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,046 44,323 31,266 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 249,305 120,360 128,945 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 236,940 114,315 122,625 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,047 57,258 39,461 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 237,050 114,320 122,730 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,666 46,182 33,597 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 212,355 104,865 107,490 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,724 57,761 37,933 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,215 73,600 95,615 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,387 6,637 7,965 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,890 93,375 88,515 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,273 54,887 39,240 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 249,305 120,360 128,945 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 88,700 49,340 39,370 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,172 66,671 53,529 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,160 76,995 59,340 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 92.5 84.3 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.3 78.2 71.5 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 7.5 15.7 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 249,200 120,355 128,845 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 12,180 5,790 6,390 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 237,025 114,570 122,450 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.2 95.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,370 14,715 19,660 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 37,445 14,445 22,995 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 28,745 10,885 17,860 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 24,430 10,680 13,750 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 24,115 11,490 12,630 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 19,705 10,115 9,590 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 15,415 8,535 6,880 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,375 7,215 5,165 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 5,930 4,130 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 8,720 4,985 3,735 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 21,635 15,580 6,055 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 15,725 10,945 4,780 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 5,915 4,630 1,280 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 249,205 120,360 128,845 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 12,095 5,785 6,310 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 237,110 114,575 122,535 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.2 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,360 14,900 20,465 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 39,130 15,145 23,985 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 33,375 13,120 20,255 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 30,715 13,995 16,720 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 28,045 14,105 13,940 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 20,825 11,495 9,330 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 15,665 9,215 6,455 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 12,430 7,275 5,155 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 21,560 15,325 6,235 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 7,925 5,050 2,875 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 4,670 3,340 1,330 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 8,965 6,935 2,030 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 249,200 120,360 128,845 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 67,430 26,805 40,620 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 181,770 93,550 88,220 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.9 77.7 68.5 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 27,695 14,365 13,330 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 13,630 5,765 7,860 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 21,355 9,120 12,230 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 16,915 7,330 9,590 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 16,095 7,070 9,025 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 15,705 7,285 8,420 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 14,205 7,260 6,945 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 11,715 6,490 5,220 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 10,020 5,870 4,150 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 34,440 22,995 11,450 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 8,555 5,030 3,530 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 7,720 4,415 3,300 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 18,165 13,545 4,620 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 113,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,981 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,753 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,895 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,123 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,464 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,400 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,406 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,377 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 113,345 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,440 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,958 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,870 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,653 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,546 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,475 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,998 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,880 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 113,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,000 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,000 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,485 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,040 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,690 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,440 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,715 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,760 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,205 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,990 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,175 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,830 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,425 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,065 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,805 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,670 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,995 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,485 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,170 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,020 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 113,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,070 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,510 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,190 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,120 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,910 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,355 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,815 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,910 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,915 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,955 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,360 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,020 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,400 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,080 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,675 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,195 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,940 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,545 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 85,865 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,235 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,173 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 25,545 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,496 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,123 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 42,345 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,179 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,392 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 15,695 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,164 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,949 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 85,945 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,960 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,699 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 25,540 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,933 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,801 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 42,455 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,344 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,079 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,670 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,110 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,252 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,345 16,595 17,750 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,168 39,097 32,519 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,699 34,503 29,824 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,320 16,555 17,765 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,841 47,358 40,563 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,839 39,024 34,803 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 305,320 149,130 156,185 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 129,145 60,730 68,420 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 23,905 11,435 12,470 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 23,415 10,275 13,145 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 24,750 11,555 13,200 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 27,200 12,920 14,280 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 29,875 14,550 15,325 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 176,165 88,400 87,770 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 32,075 15,855 16,220 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 34,520 17,080 17,435 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 37,420 18,730 18,690 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 40,180 20,360 19,820 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 31,975 16,375 15,600 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 305,315 149,130 156,185 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 67,880 34,655 33,225 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 21,040 10,810 10,230 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 195,060 95,450 99,615 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 42,375 19,025 23,345 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 33,550 15,290 18,265 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 10,015 5,115 4,895 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 3,395 1,745 1,655 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 19,845 9,000 10,840 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 3,695 1,175 2,525 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.0 10.3 11.7 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.8 14.8 14.7 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.2 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.4 10.9 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 8.7 6.2 10.8 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,520 9,560 9,965 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 5,080 2,640 2,440 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 1,745 920 825 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 13,595 6,590 7,010 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 845 330 515 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.3 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.5 8.1 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.9 7.0 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.7 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 305,535 149,205 156,325 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 303,445 148,330 155,110 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 303,245 148,240 155,005 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 22,730 9,805 12,925 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 50,490 24,360 26,135 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 85 30 55 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 60 20 40 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 25 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 15 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 15 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 30 10 15 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 15 15 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,405 24,330 26,080 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,505 1,330 1,175 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 50 30 20 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 10 10 0 535 275 260
Somali 40 20 20 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 2,450 1,300 1,150 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 75 45 25 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 1,960 1,060 900 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 10 0 0
Harari 20 0 15 0 10 0
Hebrew 120 55 65 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 250 115 135 65 30 35
Tigrigna 10 0 0 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 480 195 280 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 40 335 185 150
Vietnamese 410 160 250 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,985 1,170 1,820 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 215 90 125 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 40 15 30 425 180 245
Ilocano 105 45 60 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 140 55 85 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 35 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,670 1,045 1,625 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 200 80 120
Creole languages 545 245 300 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 195 85 110 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 165 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 2,670 1,360 1,315 1,840 945 895
Kannada 95 50 40 175 95 80
Malayalam 315 150 160 830 400 430
Tamil 2,225 1,150 1,075 655 330 325
Telugu 170 75 95 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 34,675 16,885 17,790 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 110 55 55 390 195 195
Armenian 150 70 80 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 7,715 3,635 4,080 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 90 40 45 230 90 140
Latvian 50 25 25 115 45 70
Lithuanian 40 15 25 120 50 65
Slavic languages 7,640 3,600 4,040 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 10 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 60 35 25 835 405 430
Bulgarian 85 45 35 155 95 60
Croatian 575 290 290 1,595 765 825
Czech 245 130 115 735 335 395
Macedonian 780 385 400 140 75 60
Polish 3,180 1,460 1,720 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,010 415 595 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 685 355 325 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 190 75 115
Slovak 180 90 85 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 85 115 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,280 585 690 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 70 35 30
Celtic languages 115 60 55 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 90 65 25
Welsh 25 0 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 45 15 25
Germanic languages 4,005 1,770 2,230 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 205 80 125 715 330 385
Danish 105 35 70 270 120 150
Dutch 1,165 510 655 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 25 25 0 90 65 30
German 2,420 1,090 1,330 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 20 10 15 560 225 335
Norwegian 50 35 10 290 115 175
Swedish 80 40 40 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 270 120 155
Yiddish 20 10 15 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,600 805 795 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 9,650 4,865 4,795 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 7,840 3,930 3,910 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 665 340 325 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 1,120 545 575 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 2,400 1,230 1,180 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 20 15 10 20 15 10
Konkani 45 30 20 40 30 10
Marathi 85 40 45 275 170 105
Nepali 30 15 10 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,535 810 725 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 140 65 75 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 170 245 920 500 420
Urdu 3,850 1,965 1,885 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 1,920 980 940 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 20 15 0 600 295 305
Pashto 160 95 65 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,815 910 905 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 12,155 6,050 6,100 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 4,700 2,450 2,245 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 2,340 1,170 1,170 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 810 375 430 785 395 390
Spanish 4,680 2,240 2,440 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 60 45 15
Japanese 235 90 145 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 10 15 0 15
Korean 390 200 195 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,110 535 570 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 155 80 75 260 165 95
Bamanankan 15 10 10 160 95 65
Edo 20 10 15 95 60 30
Ewe 10 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 20 0 15 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 230 110 120
Igbo 70 35 35 665 345 325
Lingala 115 70 45 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 15 35 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 35 305 155 155
Shona 80 35 45 250 110 140
Swahili 190 100 90 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 10 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 185 85 100 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 150 155 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 555 210 345 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 335 115 225 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,005 1,910 2,100 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 3,980 1,895 2,085 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 1,680 755 925 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 25 0 15 50 30 20
Mandarin 2,460 1,170 1,285 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 60 45 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 45 25 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 90 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 675 310 370
Burmese 15 10 10 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 185 130 60 1,565 730 835
Lao 90 45 40 1,120 520 600
Thai 115 80 30 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 190 105 90 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 15 10 15 50 25 30
Turkish 175 95 80 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,065 565 505 1,550 730 815
Estonian 50 35 20 45 20 25
Finnish 125 65 65 265 105 160
Hungarian 890 465 425 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 305,535 149,205 156,325 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 294,235 143,685 150,555 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 66,740 34,125 32,615 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 227,495 109,560 117,935 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,300 5,520 5,780 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 305,530 149,205 156,325 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 244,570 119,990 124,580 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 59,280 28,235 31,045 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 24,350 11,450 12,905 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 8,485 4,135 4,345 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 10,460 5,050 5,410 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 11,805 5,590 6,215 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 6,375 3,030 3,345 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 5,430 2,560 2,875 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,180 2,010 2,175 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,685 985 700 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 59,275 28,230 31,045 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 7,015 3,595 3,425 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 12,835 6,470 6,360 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 14,370 6,420 7,950 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 21,560 10,245 11,320 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 3,500 1,505 1,995 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 59,275 28,235 31,045 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 14,590 6,625 7,970 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 300 105 190 435 170 265
Colombia 320 155 165 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 220 115 105 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 2,350 1,055 1,295 1,135 515 620
Haiti 110 45 60 155 75 80
Jamaica 4,280 1,905 2,370 1,810 835 970
Mexico 295 110 180 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 160 70 85 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 2,055 1,015 1,040 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,910 795 1,120 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 2,595 1,245 1,345 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 23,980 11,570 12,410 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 140 85 1,055 530 525
Croatia 385 180 205 975 445 535
France 190 125 70 795 425 365
Germany 1,405 705 705 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 650 350 300 820 445 375
Hungary 455 265 195 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 510 240 270 650 310 340
Italy 2,080 1,125 950 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,070 525 550 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 1,990 890 1,100 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 1,090 555 540 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 715 340 370 720 345 375
Russian Federation 385 160 230 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 330 150 180 355 175 175
Ukraine 480 205 275 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,935 4,630 5,305 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 2,080 990 1,095 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 3,185 1,610 1,570 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 15 0 15 115 60 55
Egypt 375 195 175 980 525 455
Ethiopia 100 50 55 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 180 75 100 935 470 465
Morocco 80 55 25 250 140 110
Nigeria 430 200 225 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 40 25 15 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 455 245 205 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 750 760 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 17,300 8,290 9,015 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 870 430 440 615 285 330
Bangladesh 425 205 215 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,085 940 1,145 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 475 225 250 1,460 715 735
India 2,995 1,515 1,480 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 450 245 205 1,180 655 530
Iraq 135 65 70 860 460 400
Japan 80 10 70 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 345 185 160 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 320 180 140 265 165 100
Pakistan 2,395 1,250 1,145 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 2,920 1,185 1,735 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,705 810 890 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 25 20 805 390 410
Taiwan 105 50 55 215 110 110
Viet Nam 355 140 215 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 1,600 815 790 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 145 80 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,185 2,010 2,175 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 925 490 430 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 40 15 30 100 35 65
Colombia 55 25 25 185 70 120
Cuba 30 15 15 75 25 55
Haiti 30 15 15 15 10 0
Jamaica 210 140 75 340 175 165
Mexico 40 25 20 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 200 110 85 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 0 15 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 305 150 155 1,490 640 850
Europe 495 250 250 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 10 10 0 135 70 75
Germany 15 10 0 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 10 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 160 85 70
Romania 55 25 30 70 30 35
Russian Federation 10 0 10 1,145 530