Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau
Ontario/Quebec
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 989,567 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 945,592 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.7 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 439,953 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 412,533 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,900.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 520.82 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 989,585 479,125 510,465 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 163,945 83,475 80,475 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 53,575 27,245 26,330 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 56,635 28,810 27,820 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 53,740 27,415 26,325 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 673,790 328,910 344,880 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 57,940 29,395 28,550 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 74,270 37,115 37,155 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 70,885 35,210 35,680 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 68,095 33,195 34,895 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 65,400 31,325 34,070 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 65,225 31,355 33,865 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 67,100 32,420 34,675 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 75,240 36,710 38,530 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 70,815 34,010 36,805 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 58,825 28,175 30,645 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 151,845 66,735 85,110 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 50,755 24,020 26,735 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 35,760 16,480 19,280 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 25,805 11,445 14,360 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 18,955 7,945 11,015 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 20,565 6,845 13,720 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 12,485 4,605 7,880 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 6,195 1,850 4,350 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,655 365 1,290 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 230 30 200 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.4 15.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.1 68.6 67.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.3 13.9 16.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.0 39.0 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.6 38.4 40.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 412,535 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 151,140 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 73,860 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 186,995 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 32,005 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 71,820 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,300 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 69,275 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 595 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 545 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 412,535 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 130,115 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 136,345 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 61,560 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 54,520 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,000 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 970,315 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 825,635 395,645 429,990 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 444,795 222,375 222,420 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 348,295 173,775 174,520 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 96,500 48,600 47,900 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 380,845 173,275 207,570 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 262,790 136,390 126,405 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 21,720 8,740 12,975 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 54,960 19,835 35,120 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 41,375 8,310 33,065 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 265,750 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 133,290 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 57,335 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 52,135 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,985 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 265,750 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 216,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 168,485 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 48,230 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,035 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 38,910 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 10,130 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 216,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 104,005 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 112,715 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 43,190 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 48,160 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 21,365 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,035 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 29,285 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 14,145 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 5,605 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 199,465 93,025 106,440 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 412,535 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 255,280 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 99,905 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 155,375 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,155 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 152,100 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 130,115 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 21,985 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 977,440 474,150 503,290 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 433,850 220,225 213,620 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 79,305 34,555 44,755 1,110 530 580
English and French 450,720 213,930 236,785 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 13,565 5,445 8,125 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 977,435 474,150 503,290 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 614,885 303,700 311,180 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 322,135 152,060 170,080 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 27,205 13,120 14,085 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,215 5,265 7,950 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 628,485 158,620 177,120 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 64.3 33.5 35.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 977,440 474,145 503,290 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 941,140 456,745 484,395 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 744,295 363,705 380,590 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 449,140 223,855 225,290 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 295,150 139,850 155,295 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 196,850 93,045 103,805 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 945 385 565 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 570 250 315 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 430 200 230 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 60 25 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 5 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 290 135 150 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 40 80 70 25 40
Algonquin 40 20 30 0 0 0
Ojibway 65 20 45 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 325 110 215 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 290 95 195 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 10 20 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 195,905 92,660 103,245 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 48,305 24,300 24,005 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 860 475 390 95 55 35
Kabyle 565 300 265 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 6,685 2,900 3,785 1,355 675 680
Bilen 50 25 20 5 0 0
Oromo 210 115 95 165 95 75
Somali 6,325 2,715 3,615 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 10 5 5
Semitic languages 40,685 20,885 19,800 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,385 650 735 1,140 560 585
Arabic 37,895 19,540 18,355 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 55 25 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 295 160 140 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 5 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 875 425 450 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,100 2,825 3,275 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,000 450 550 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 5,085 2,370 2,720 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 7,245 2,610 4,635 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 10 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 340 110 225 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 105 35 70 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 540 210 330 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 105 50 55 15 0 10
Malay 360 145 220 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 30 15 15 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,550 1,965 3,585 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 830 360 470
Creole languages 5,135 2,180 2,955 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 380 165 215 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 4,570 1,930 2,640 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 80 100 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,010 1,575 1,435 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 165 90 80 225 115 110
Malayalam 555 290 265 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,875 960 910 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 395 220 175 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 84,250 40,095 44,155 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 585 280 300 1,090 560 530
Armenian 455 225 230 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 18,455 8,265 10,190 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 375 160 215 645 280 370
Latvian 200 90 115 320 145 175
Lithuanian 175 70 100 325 130 200
Slavic languages 18,085 8,105 9,975 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 35 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 605 280 325 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 915 430 485 1,725 805 915
Croatian 990 465 525 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 785 345 435 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 65 25 40 250 120 135
Polish 4,730 2,125 2,605 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 4,990 2,110 2,880 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,060 1,015 1,050 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 800 395 405 1,145 545 600
Slovak 450 190 260 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 75 95 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,445 595 845 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 95 45 50 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 125 65 60
Welsh 45 15 30 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,030 3,170 3,870 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 110 50 55 1,435 730 705
Danish 230 105 125 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,665 785 880 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 15 15 80 30 50
German 4,375 1,910 2,470 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 10 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 115 50 65 835 410 430
Swedish 230 115 120 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 40 200 105 95
Yiddish 170 90 80 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 25 20 15
Greek 1,955 1,020 935 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 23,440 11,880 11,560 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 15,305 7,775 7,530 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 2,980 1,490 1,495 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,175 610 555 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,315 1,190 1,120 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 95 50 45 225 110 110
Marathi 240 120 120 535 280 255
Nepali 915 435 480 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,140 1,625 1,515 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 225 105 120 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 710 355 360 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,455 1,765 1,690 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,050 4,050 4,000 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 675 360 310 1,650 875 780
Pashto 975 490 485 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,400 3,200 3,200 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 32,240 15,210 17,030 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 30 15 15 125 65 55
Italian 8,160 4,035 4,125 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 6,100 2,910 3,185 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,925 1,360 1,570 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 15,000 6,870 8,130 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 60 40 25
Japanese 950 285 660 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 65 40 25
Georgian 35 15 20 65 40 25
Korean 1,845 770 1,070 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 40 20 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 8,085 3,715 4,370 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 335 165 170 405 220 180
Bamanankan 145 60 75 10 10 5
Edo 40 25 15 80 45 30
Ewe 165 75 90 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 125 125 20 10 5
Ga 45 25 20 35 15 15
Ganda 130 60 70 65 35 30
Igbo 190 100 90 160 90 65
Lingala 490 205 285 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,435 655 785 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,130 445 685 105 45 55
Shona 100 35 65 150 70 85
Swahili 1,520 700 825 585 285 295
Wolof 265 125 140 30 10 20
Yoruba 235 120 115 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,625 805 820 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 150 180 265 135 135
Dinka 85 40 40 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 105 140 190 85 100
Sign languages 220 95 125 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 20 45 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 30 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 60 60 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 26,395 12,185 14,215 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 25,590 11,790 13,795 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 8,650 4,025 4,625 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 130 50 80 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 14,845 6,815 8,030 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 35 15 20 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 605 255 345 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 960 470 495 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 235 115 115 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 320 160 165 770 370 400
Tibetan 90 50 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 635 215 415 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 305 140 170 800 405 400
Thai 330 80 250 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,405 715 690 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 95 60 40 495 275 225
Turkish 1,165 595 570 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 5 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 80 35 45 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,730 795 930 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 135 55 75 455 195 260
Finnish 245 90 155 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,350 655 700 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 105 85 365 200 170
Multiple responses 36,295 17,405 18,895 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 14,550 6,970 7,575 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 13,430 6,540 6,890 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 5,660 2,635 3,020 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,655 1,255 1,400 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 977,440 474,150 503,290 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 916,425 445,340 471,085 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 817,415 398,620 418,800 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 553,945 273,975 279,970 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 263,475 124,640 138,830 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 99,010 46,720 52,285 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 395 180 215 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 260 125 135 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 245 120 125 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 25 10 20 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 185 95 90 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 130 55 80 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 50 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,610 46,540 52,075 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 27,020 13,045 13,970 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 435 220 210 40 20 20
Kabyle 345 175 170 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 3,880 1,600 2,280 695 315 380
Bilen 30 10 15 0 0 0
Oromo 125 65 60 80 40 35
Somali 3,675 1,500 2,170 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 5 5
Semitic languages 22,685 11,210 11,475 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 805 380 425 535 250 290
Arabic 21,280 10,540 10,735 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 15 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 110 65 50 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 410 190 220 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,685 1,710 1,975 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 470 215 255 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,210 1,490 1,715 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,145 1,320 1,830 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 115 50 70 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 355 150 205
Ilocano 220 100 115 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 20 10 10 5 5 0
Malay 105 45 60 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,580 1,070 1,520 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 260 130 130
Creole languages 2,130 875 1,255 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 195 85 115 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,870 765 1,105 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,485 740 745 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 50 30 20 95 45 50
Malayalam 245 125 120 885 450 435
Tamil 1,025 495 530 1,935 965 965
Telugu 160 90 70 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 38,280 18,160 20,115 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 270 125 145 530 255 270
Armenian 220 100 120 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,495 3,965 4,535 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 80 35 50 160 75 90
Latvian 45 20 25 65 30 35
Lithuanian 40 20 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,415 3,930 4,485 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 345 170 175 540 270 270
Bulgarian 485 230 260 925 425 495
Croatian 375 170 205 1,795 840 955
Czech 180 85 100 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 20 10 10 120 60 60
Polish 1,695 765 925 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,875 1,295 1,580 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,355 690 665 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 440 220 215 435 205 235
Slovak 145 70 80 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 455 205 250 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 785 350 435 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 15 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 10 180 90 90
Dutch 125 60 65 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 545 235 310 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 10 5 5 75 35 35
Swedish 50 30 20 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 605 290 320 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 12,835 6,315 6,520 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,090 4,045 4,050 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,775 860 910 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 490 255 235 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,055 545 515 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 20 40 15 15
Marathi 100 40 55 245 125 120
Nepali 730 360 370 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 900 875 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 50 20 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 170 180 595 290 305
Urdu 1,710 860 845 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 4,725 2,260 2,465 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 400 210 190 1,025 515 505
Pashto 605 295 310 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 3,710 1,745 1,960 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 15,045 7,005 8,045 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 15 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 2,375 1,065 1,310 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,705 1,275 1,425 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,535 735 805 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 8,410 3,920 4,485 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 370 125 240 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 10 0 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,005 455 545 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 15 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,195 1,000 1,205 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 120 55 65 125 70 55
Bamanankan 30 10 15 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 30 15 20 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ga 10 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 30 15 15 5 5 5
Igbo 60 30 25 35 20 15
Lingala 110 40 70 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 235 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 330 130 205 45 15 30
Shona 20 15 10 40 15 20
Swahili 545 250 290 155 60 90
Wolof 100 45 50 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 30 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 115 135 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 60 20 40
Sign languages 295 150 150 830 460 370
American Sign Language 90 40 55 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 35 15 15 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 80 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,455 8,230 9,225 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 16,880 7,955 8,925 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,015 2,300 2,715 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 15 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 10,840 5,165 5,675 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 225 90 135 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 90 90 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 565 290 270 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 275 300 1,630 820 810
Burmese 150 70 80 685 350 335
Karenic languages 250 120 130 685 335 350
Tibetan 70 35 35 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 245 100 145 1,015 435 580
Lao 155 70 85 335 160 175
Thai 90 25 60 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 730 345 380 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 185 95 90
Turkish 625 295 325 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 10 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 45 20 25 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 425 195 230 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 30 15 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 375 180 200 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 61,010 28,810 32,200 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 16,010 7,470 8,535 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 32,570 15,695 16,880 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 6,725 2,995 3,735 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 5,705 2,650 3,050 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 977,440 474,150 503,290 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 731,705 358,115 373,590 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 102,760 49,000 53,760 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 65,100 30,440 34,660 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 66,960 31,505 35,455 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 505 195 310 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 66,450 31,305 35,140 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 3,580 1,710 1,870 965 435 530
English and non-official language 3,370 1,620 1,750 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 3,870 1,710 2,160 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 806,590 387,750 418,840 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,720 371,225 401,495 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,042 44,578 36,381 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,970 371,250 401,720 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,354 38,833 32,532 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 697,670 340,055 357,615 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,669 44,956 34,982 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 548,210 243,755 304,455 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,086 2,241 5,486 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 573,735 287,415 286,320 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,975 42,209 35,998 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 806,730 387,795 418,935 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 772,840 371,070 401,770 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,523 57,733 45,788 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 773,095 371,075 402,015 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,997 46,276 38,048 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 698,020 339,930 358,090 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,407 58,478 44,694 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,675 243,305 304,370 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,187 6,348 7,857 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 573,945 286,775 287,170 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,818 55,260 44,383 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 806,730 387,800 418,930 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 286,395 151,445 134,945 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,018 65,432 59,128 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,308 75,639 64,325 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 92.8 86.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.7 73.9 69.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 7.2 13.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 806,585 387,745 418,840 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 33,870 16,525 17,340 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 772,720 371,225 401,490 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 101,995 48,170 53,830 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 119,235 50,155 69,080 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 88,630 37,970 50,660 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 76,155 34,125 42,030 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 71,450 32,200 39,250 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 64,375 29,920 34,455 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 55,935 27,325 28,610 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 44,115 22,505 21,610 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 37,470 19,830 17,640 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 30,725 16,315 14,410 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 82,635 52,715 29,915 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 59,790 36,710 23,080 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 22,840 16,005 6,835 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 806,585 387,745 418,840 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 33,615 16,500 17,120 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 772,970 371,250 401,720 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 106,505 49,030 57,470 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 124,225 52,825 71,405 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 104,015 45,470 58,545 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 96,015 43,360 52,655 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 88,600 40,820 47,780 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 73,475 35,765 37,710 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 55,960 29,130 26,830 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 43,515 23,420 20,095 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 80,655 51,425 29,235 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 29,325 17,120 12,205 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 16,495 10,420 6,075 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 34,830 23,885 10,950 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 806,585 387,750 418,835 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 232,850 100,335 132,520 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 573,735 287,415 286,320 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.1 74.1 68.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 68,565 33,565 35,000 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 43,065 19,635 23,435 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 72,195 33,385 38,805 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 57,400 27,200 30,200 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 50,800 24,730 26,070 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 47,790 22,325 25,460 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 45,445 21,130 24,310 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 39,780 19,265 20,515 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 31,580 16,115 15,465 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 117,120 70,050 47,065 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 29,815 15,610 14,205 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 24,700 13,360 11,340 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 62,600 41,085 21,520 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 412,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,185 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,965 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 130,115 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,768 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,912 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 282,415 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,714 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 412,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,519 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,700 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 130,040 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,644 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,969 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 282,515 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,713 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,146 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 412,535 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,130 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,180 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,755 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,915 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,775 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,755 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,330 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,955 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,280 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,345 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,370 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,680 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,240 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,925 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 150,705 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 45,735 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,485 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 39,905 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 32,580 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 412,535 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,470 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,280 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,900 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,575 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,540 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,010 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,635 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,820 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,345 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,495 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,500 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 34,185 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 31,215 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,340 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,235 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 110,975 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,270 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 28,350 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 39,355 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 265,825 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,628 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,365 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 97,695 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,416 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,219 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 113,195 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,788 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,479 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 46,610 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,105 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,828 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 265,975 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,849 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,566 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 97,740 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,645 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,440 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 113,445 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,906 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,727 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 46,420 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,797 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,084 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 177,695 84,030 93,665 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,682 35,255 37,807 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,680 31,421 33,663 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 177,200 83,695 93,505 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,323 46,066 46,553 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,284 37,850 38,673 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 970,320 471,105 499,220 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 420,725 200,320 220,400 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 101,860 49,920 51,940 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 82,395 38,210 44,185 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 76,780 36,375 40,400 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 77,475 36,605 40,870 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 82,215 39,210 43,005 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 549,595 270,780 278,820 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 89,750 42,975 46,775 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 98,535 47,735 50,800 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 110,490 54,410 56,080 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 127,625 63,305 64,320 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 123,195 62,360 60,835 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 970,320 471,105 499,215 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 196,135 99,865 96,265 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 64,610 32,885 31,725 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 635,690 308,520 327,175 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 138,495 62,715 75,780 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 136,210 64,340 71,870 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 34,680 17,880 16,800 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 12,110 6,285 5,825 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 86,255 40,690 45,570 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 15,275 5,770 9,505 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.7 14.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.9 17.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 19.1 18.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.2 13.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.0 9.2 12.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,810 58,070 61,740 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 27,045 13,920 13,125 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,575 4,975 4,605 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 82,040 40,220 41,820 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 10,725 3,925 6,800 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 12.3 12.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.9 13.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.8 15.1 14.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 13.0 12.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.3 9.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 970,805 471,195 499,610 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 957,265 465,840 491,430 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 878,805 431,505 447,295 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 527,240 247,165 280,080 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 282,135 132,755 149,375 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,550 570 980 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 905 350 560 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 10 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 565 210 350 310 145 165
Atikamekw 10 0 10 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 10 15 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 80 40 45 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 60 15 40 20 10 20
Woods Cree 20 15 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 355 125 230 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 25 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 300 115 190 140 40 100
Algonquin 80 30 50 15 10 10
Ojibway 205 75 130 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 575 210 365 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 525 195 325 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 40 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 280,655 132,215 148,440 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 67,235 33,920 33,315 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 1,205 655 550 125 80 45
Kabyle 795 400 395 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 420 260 160 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 9,305 4,175 5,130 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 90 50 35 15 0 15
Oromo 375 170 205 190 110 80
Somali 8,780 3,910 4,875 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 10 0 10
Semitic languages 58,050 29,785 28,275 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,965 945 1,020 1,755 905 855
Arabic 53,930 27,805 26,120 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 20 55 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 25 15 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,510 810 705 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 45 15 30 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,130 475 660 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 155 85 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,830 3,750 4,080 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 595 705 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 6,555 3,175 3,380 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 9,610 3,585 6,025 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 30 10 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 475 170 300 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 170 65 105 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 655 275 380 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 200 100 100 10 0 0
Malay 585 260 330 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 20 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 55 25 25 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,490 3,090 5,395 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 30 10 25 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 11,515 4,945 6,575 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 645 265 385 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10,290 4,410 5,870 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 280 350 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 4,045 2,070 1,975 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 340 175 165 445 210 235
Malayalam 755 350 405 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,560 1,315 1,250 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 680 375 305 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 133,455 62,655 70,800 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 695 315 375 1,135 580 555
Armenian 660 340 315 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 22,790 10,515 12,270 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 455 200 260 635 310 325
Latvian 250 95 155 310 175 140
Lithuanian 205 100 105 325 135 185
Slavic languages 22,415 10,355 12,070 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 130 55 80 205 95 110
Bosnian 955 435 525 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,095 515 585 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,765 830 930 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,130 510 625 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 120 45 75 345 180 160
Polish 5,500 2,525 2,980 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 8,220 3,825 4,395 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,450 1,190 1,260 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 845 455 390 1,240 595 645
Slovak 760 315 450 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,115 865 1,250 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 250 120 125
Celtic languages 335 160 175 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 135 60 70 350 225 120
Welsh 70 35 40 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 685 370 320
Germanic languages 15,070 7,215 7,855 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 320 165 155 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 375 200 180 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,265 1,065 1,200 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 40 10 30 120 55 65
German 11,300 5,420 5,880 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 55 25 30 215 110 100
Norwegian 275 125 155 1,405 730 680
Swedish 530 260 270 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 50 65 220 125 100
Yiddish 345 180 160 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 75 40 30
Greek 2,950 1,495 1,450 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 30,895 15,755 15,140 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 21,920 11,215 10,710 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 3,835 1,985 1,855 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,820 990 830 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 8,675 4,565 4,110 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 100 55 45 375 185 190
Marathi 420 220 205 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,280 650 630 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,245 2,740 2,505 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 395 175 220 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 865 400 465 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 6,095 3,030 3,065 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 9,485 4,820 4,665 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 810 450 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,275 670 605 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,130 4,095 4,035 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 105 80 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 65,715 29,605 36,110 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 90 45 45 245 125 120
Italian 15,035 7,205 7,830 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 8,500 4,155 4,340 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,370 1,630 1,745 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 42,570 18,380 24,185 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 35 220 130 85
Japanese 2,420 1,165 1,250 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 50 25 20 90 50 40
Georgian 45 20 20 90 50 45
Korean 2,370 1,020 1,350 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 55 25 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 25 25 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 15,390 7,110 8,280 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 615 320 295 495 280 215
Bamanankan 370 165 205 20 10 10
Edo 115 50 65 115 65 55
Ewe 355 185 175 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 415 195 225 45 10 35
Ga 140 75 65 95 60 35
Ganda 205 70 140 105 60 45
Igbo 320 185 135 240 140 95
Lingala 2,355 1,025 1,325 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,415 1,065 1,350 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,790 765 1,025 210 95 115
Shona 165 60 100 265 125 140
Swahili 4,080 1,885 2,190 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 685 320 355 30 15 15
Yoruba 825 445 380 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,660 1,780 1,880 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 300 150 150
Dinka 185 85 105 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 190 80 110 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,560 600 960 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 785 250 530 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 180 60 125 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 665 315 350 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,150 14,220 15,930 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 29,275 13,805 15,470 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 10,780 5,130 5,650 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 205 90 110 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 19,885 9,145 10,740 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 30 15 20 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 860 375 485 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 150 190 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 915 495 425 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 910 430 475 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 300 140 165 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 370 185 180 905 455 450
Tibetan 50 30 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 345 145 200 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 895 365 530 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 355 155 200 1,125 505 620
Thai 595 230 365 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,145 1,055 1,090 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 85 55 835 455 385
Turkish 1,760 865 885 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 45 25 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 120 40 75 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,095 955 1,140 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 180 75 105 495 205 295
Finnish 330 140 190 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,590 745 845 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 530 315 220 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 970,800 471,195 499,610 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 904,880 439,540 465,340 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 185,650 94,515 91,140 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 719,225 345,020 374,200 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 65,920 31,655 34,270 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 970,800 471,190 499,610 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 740,880 362,000 378,880 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 213,875 100,850 113,020 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 48,560 23,245 25,315 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 28,050 13,530 14,520 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 47,060 21,580 25,475 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 56,195 26,245 29,955 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 25,875 12,050 13,830 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 30,325 14,195 16,130 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 34,000 16,245 17,755 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,050 8,340 7,710 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 213,875 100,850 113,020 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 22,945 11,195 11,750 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 38,405 19,725 18,680 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 44,775 20,305 24,465 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 90,095 41,740 48,350 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 17,655 7,890 9,765 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 213,875 100,850 113,025 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 35,320 15,720 19,600 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,015 480 540 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 2,560 1,065 1,495 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,945 915 1,030 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,260 600 660 920 415 500
Haiti 7,940 3,385 4,550 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,810 1,210 1,605 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,505 620 890 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 1,075 520 555 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,115 435 680 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,270 3,400 3,870 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,820 3,090 3,730 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 51,435 24,490 26,945 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,030 975 1,055 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 880 420 460 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 3,765 1,735 2,035 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,280 1,385 1,900 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 880 465 415 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 700 345 350 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 295 365 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,080 2,650 2,425 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,395 680 710 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,515 1,580 1,935 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 3,100 1,495 1,610 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,675 1,300 1,370 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,405 975 1,430 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 905 430 475 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,580 730 855 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,800 5,965 5,840 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 6,790 3,070 3,720 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 38,235 18,280 19,945 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 2,065 1,060 1,005 430 270 150
Egypt 3,135 1,665 1,470 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,145 1,005 1,140 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,020 520 505 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 2,665 1,310 1,350 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,235 575 660 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,810 1,475 2,335 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 730 400 330 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 21,420 10,265 11,150 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 88,190 41,990 46,200 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,250 1,145 1,100 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,435 1,270 1,170 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 14,135 6,005 8,130 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,445 1,210 1,235 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 8,435 4,270 4,165 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,120 2,075 2,045 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,605 1,925 1,685 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 645 145 500 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,510 670 845 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 12,615 6,590 6,025 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,280 1,605 1,675 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 8,265 3,105 5,160 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,845 885 960 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,350 1,695 1,655 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 680 270 405 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 4,855 2,235 2,620 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 13,710 6,880 6,830 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 375 325 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 34,005 16,245 17,755 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 5,040 2,350 2,690 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 180 110 70 960 445 520
Colombia 495 230 270 465 220 240
Cuba 195 90 105 70 35 30
Haiti 1,675 745 935 15 0 10
Jamaica 135 75 55 160 115 45
Mexico 290 115 175 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,125 585 540 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 155 55 100 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 790 350 440 1,855 875 975
Europe 3,040 1,450 1,585 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 600 300 300 790 415 370
Germany 165 70 95 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 55 30 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 20 30