Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau
Ontario/Quebec
[Population centre]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 989,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 945,592 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 439,953  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 412,533  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,900.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 520.82  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 989,585 479,125 510,465 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 163,945 83,475 80,475 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 53,575 27,245 26,330 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 56,635 28,810 27,820 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 53,740 27,415 26,325 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 673,790 328,910 344,880 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 57,940 29,395 28,550 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 74,270 37,115 37,155 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 70,885 35,210 35,680 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 68,095 33,195 34,895 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 65,400 31,325 34,070 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 65,225 31,355 33,865 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 67,100 32,420 34,675 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 75,240 36,710 38,530 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 70,815 34,010 36,805 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 58,825 28,175 30,645 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 151,845 66,735 85,110 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 50,755 24,020 26,735 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 35,760 16,480 19,280 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 25,805 11,445 14,360 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 18,955 7,945 11,015 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 20,565 6,845 13,720 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 12,485 4,605 7,880 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 6,195 1,850 4,350 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,655 365 1,290 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 230 30 200 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.4 15.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.1 68.6 67.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.3 13.9 16.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.0 39.0 41.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.6 38.4 40.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 412,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 151,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 73,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 186,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 32,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 71,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 69,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 412,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 130,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 136,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 61,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 54,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 970,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 825,635 395,645 429,990 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 444,795 222,375 222,420 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 348,295 173,775 174,520 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 96,500 48,600 47,900 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 380,845 173,275 207,570 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 262,790 136,390 126,405 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 21,720 8,740 12,975 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 54,960 19,835 35,120 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 41,375 8,310 33,065 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 265,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 133,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 57,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 52,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 265,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 216,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 168,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 48,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 38,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 10,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 216,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 104,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 112,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 43,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 48,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 29,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 14,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 199,465 93,025 106,440 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 412,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 255,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 99,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 155,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 152,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 130,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 21,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 977,440 474,150 503,290 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 433,850 220,225 213,620 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 79,305 34,555 44,755 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 450,720 213,930 236,785 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 13,565 5,445 8,125 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 977,435 474,150 503,290 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 614,885 303,700 311,180 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 322,135 152,060 170,080 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 27,205 13,120 14,085 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 13,215 5,265 7,950 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 628,485 158,620 177,120 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 64.3 33.5 35.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 977,440 474,145 503,290 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 941,140 456,745 484,395 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 744,295 363,705 380,590 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 449,140 223,855 225,290 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 295,150 139,850 155,295 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 196,850 93,045 103,805 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 945 385 565 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 570 250 315 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 430 200 230 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 5 5 5 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 60 25 35 55 25 30
Plains Cree 15 5 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 10 5 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 290 135 150 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 40 80 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 40 20 30 65 30 35
Ojibway 65 20 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 325 110 215 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Inuktitut 290 95 195 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 30 10 20 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 20 10 15 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 195,905 92,660 103,245 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 48,305 24,300 24,005 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 860 475 390 725 405 320
Kabyle 565 300 265 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 6,685 2,900 3,785 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 50 25 20 250 140 110
Oromo 210 115 95 1,445 720 730
Somali 6,325 2,715 3,615 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 225 115 110
Semitic languages 40,685 20,885 19,800 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,385 650 735 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 37,895 19,540 18,355 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 55 25 30 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 295 160 140 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 25 5 15 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 875 425 450 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,100 2,825 3,275 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,000 450 550 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 5,085 2,370 2,720 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 7,245 2,610 4,635 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 30 10 15 595 260 330
Cebuano 340 110 225 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 105 35 70 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 540 210 330 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 105 50 55 100 45 55
Malay 360 145 220 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 30 15 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,550 1,965 3,585 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5,135 2,180 2,955 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 380 165 215 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 4,570 1,930 2,640 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 80 100 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,010 1,575 1,435 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 165 90 80 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 555 290 265 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,875 960 910 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 395 220 175 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 84,250 40,095 44,155 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 585 280 300 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 455 225 230 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 18,455 8,265 10,190 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 375 160 215 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 200 90 115 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 175 70 100 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 18,085 8,105 9,975 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 35 20 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 605 280 325 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 915 430 485 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 990 465 525 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 785 345 435 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 65 25 40 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 4,730 2,125 2,605 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 4,990 2,110 2,880 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,060 1,015 1,050 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 800 395 405 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 450 190 260 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 75 95 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,445 595 845 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 95 45 50 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 450 210 240
Welsh 45 15 30 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,030 3,170 3,870 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 110 50 55 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 230 105 125 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,665 785 880 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 30 15 15 1,240 630 620
German 4,375 1,910 2,470 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 15 10 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 115 50 65 940 405 540
Swedish 230 115 120 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 40 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 170 90 80 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 170 80 85
Greek 1,955 1,020 935 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 23,440 11,880 11,560 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 15,305 7,775 7,530 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 2,980 1,490 1,495 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,175 610 555 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,315 1,190 1,120 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 95 50 45 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 240 120 120 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 915 435 480 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,140 1,625 1,515 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 225 105 120 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 710 355 360 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,455 1,765 1,690 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 8,050 4,050 4,000 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 675 360 310 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 975 490 485 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 6,400 3,200 3,200 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 32,240 15,210 17,030 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 30 15 15 285 150 135
Italian 8,160 4,035 4,125 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 6,100 2,910 3,185 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,925 1,360 1,570 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 15,000 6,870 8,130 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 420 200 215
Japanese 950 285 660 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 35 15 20 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,845 770 1,070 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 40 20 20 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 8,085 3,715 4,370 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 335 165 170 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 145 60 75 140 60 80
Edo 40 25 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 165 75 90 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 125 125 365 180 185
Ga 45 25 20 600 275 325
Ganda 130 60 70 760 360 400
Igbo 190 100 90 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 490 205 285 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,435 655 785 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,130 445 685 1,330 545 785
Shona 100 35 65 1,455 660 790
Swahili 1,520 700 825 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 265 125 140 290 145 150
Yoruba 235 120 115 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,625 805 820 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 150 180 1,610 810 800
Dinka 85 40 40 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 105 140 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 220 95 125 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 70 20 45 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 30 10 15 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 60 60 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 26,395 12,185 14,215 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 25,590 11,790 13,795 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 8,650 4,025 4,625 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 130 50 80 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 14,845 6,815 8,030 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 35 15 20 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 605 255 345 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 960 470 495 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 235 115 115 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 320 160 165 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 90 50 40 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 635 215 415 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 305 140 170 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 330 80 250 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,405 715 690 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 95 60 40 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,165 595 570 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 15 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 80 35 45 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,730 795 930 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 135 55 75 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 245 90 155 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,350 655 700 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 105 85 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 36,295 17,405 18,895 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 14,550 6,970 7,575 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 13,430 6,540 6,890 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 5,660 2,635 3,020 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 2,655 1,255 1,400 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 977,440 474,150 503,290 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 916,425 445,340 471,085 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 817,415 398,620 418,800 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 553,945 273,975 279,970 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 263,475 124,640 138,830 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 99,010 46,720 52,285 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 395 180 215 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 260 125 135 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 245 120 125 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 25 10 20 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 185 95 90 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 80 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 115 50 70 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,610 46,540 52,075 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 27,020 13,045 13,970 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 435 220 210 345 175 170
Kabyle 345 175 170 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 3,880 1,600 2,280 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 30 10 15 170 80 85
Oromo 125 65 60 805 380 425
Somali 3,675 1,500 2,170 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 110 50 65
Semitic languages 22,685 11,210 11,475 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 805 380 425 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 21,280 10,540 10,735 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 15 10 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 110 65 50 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 410 190 220 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,685 1,710 1,975 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 470 215 255 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,210 1,490 1,715 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,145 1,320 1,830 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 115 50 70 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 910 385 530
Ilocano 220 100 115 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 20 10 10 35 15 20
Malay 105 45 60 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 10 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,580 1,070 1,520 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 380 175 200
Creole languages 2,130 875 1,255 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 195 85 115 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,870 765 1,105 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,485 740 745 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 50 30 20 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 245 125 120 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,025 495 530 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 160 90 70 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 38,280 18,160 20,115 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 270 125 145 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 220 100 120 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,495 3,965 4,535 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 80 35 50 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 45 20 25 860 350 515
Lithuanian 40 20 20 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,415 3,930 4,485 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 20 10 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 345 170 175 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 485 230 260 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 375 170 205 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 180 85 100 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 20 10 10 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,695 765 925 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 2,875 1,295 1,580 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,355 690 665 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 440 220 215 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 145 70 80 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 455 205 250 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 5 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 785 350 435 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 10 15 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 10 280 135 150
Dutch 125 60 65 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 545 235 310 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 10 5 5 70 30 40
Swedish 50 30 20 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 15 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 605 290 320 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 12,835 6,315 6,520 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,090 4,045 4,050 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 1,775 860 910 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 490 255 235 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,055 545 515 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 30 15 20 540 260 280
Marathi 100 40 55 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 730 360 370 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 900 875 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 50 20 30 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 170 180 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,710 860 845 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 4,725 2,260 2,465 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 400 210 190 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 605 295 310 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 3,710 1,745 1,960 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 15,045 7,005 8,045 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 15 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 2,375 1,065 1,310 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,705 1,275 1,425 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,535 735 805 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 8,410 3,920 4,485 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 370 125 240 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 10 0 5 775 420 355
Korean 1,005 455 545 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 20 15 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 20 10 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 2,195 1,000 1,205 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 120 55 65 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 30 10 15 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 30 15 20 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30 110 55 55
Ga 10 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 30 15 15 195 85 110
Igbo 60 30 25 540 265 275
Lingala 110 40 70 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 235 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 330 130 205 420 160 260
Shona 20 15 10 455 210 245
Swahili 545 250 290 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 100 45 50 130 65 65
Yoruba 55 30 30 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 115 135 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 550 260 290
Dinka 30 15 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 295 150 150 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 90 40 55 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 35 15 15 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 80 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,455 8,230 9,225 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 16,880 7,955 8,925 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 5,015 2,300 2,715 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 50 15 30 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 10,840 5,165 5,675 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 15 5 10 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 225 90 135 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 90 90 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 565 290 270 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 275 300 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 150 70 80 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 250 120 130 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 70 35 35 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 245 100 145 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 155 70 85 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 90 25 60 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 730 345 380 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 770 385 380
Turkish 625 295 325 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 10 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 45 20 25 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 425 195 230 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 30 15 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 375 180 200 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 61,010 28,810 32,200 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 16,010 7,470 8,535 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 32,570 15,695 16,880 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 6,725 2,995 3,735 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 5,705 2,650 3,050 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 977,440 474,150 503,290 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 731,705 358,115 373,590 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 102,760 49,000 53,760 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 65,100 30,440 34,660 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 66,960 31,505 35,455 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 505 195 310 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 66,450 31,305 35,140 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 3,580 1,710 1,870 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 3,370 1,620 1,750 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 3,870 1,710 2,160 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 806,590 387,750 418,840 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,720 371,225 401,495 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,042 44,578 36,381 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,970 371,250 401,720 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,354 38,833 32,532 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 697,670 340,055 357,615 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,669 44,956 34,982 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 548,210 243,755 304,455 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,086 2,241 5,486 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 573,735 287,415 286,320 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,975 42,209 35,998 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 806,730 387,795 418,935 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 772,840 371,070 401,770 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,523 57,733 45,788 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 773,095 371,075 402,015 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,997 46,276 38,048 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 698,020 339,930 358,090 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,407 58,478 44,694 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,675 243,305 304,370 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,187 6,348 7,857 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 573,945 286,775 287,170 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,818 55,260 44,383 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 806,730 387,800 418,930 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 286,395 151,445 134,945 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,018 65,432 59,128 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,308 75,639 64,325 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 92.8 86.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.7 73.9 69.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 7.2 13.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 806,585 387,745 418,840 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 33,870 16,525 17,340 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 772,720 371,225 401,490 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 101,995 48,170 53,830 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 119,235 50,155 69,080 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 88,630 37,970 50,660 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 76,155 34,125 42,030 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 71,450 32,200 39,250 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 64,375 29,920 34,455 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 55,935 27,325 28,610 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 44,115 22,505 21,610 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 37,470 19,830 17,640 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 30,725 16,315 14,410 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 82,635 52,715 29,915 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 59,790 36,710 23,080 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 22,840 16,005 6,835 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 806,585 387,745 418,840 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 33,615 16,500 17,120 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 772,970 371,250 401,720 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 106,505 49,030 57,470 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 124,225 52,825 71,405 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 104,015 45,470 58,545 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 96,015 43,360 52,655 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 88,600 40,820 47,780 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 73,475 35,765 37,710 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 55,960 29,130 26,830 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 43,515 23,420 20,095 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 80,655 51,425 29,235 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 29,325 17,120 12,205 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 16,495 10,420 6,075 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 34,830 23,885 10,950 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 806,585 387,750 418,835 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 232,850 100,335 132,520 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 573,735 287,415 286,320 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.1 74.1 68.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 68,565 33,565 35,000 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 43,065 19,635 23,435 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 72,195 33,385 38,805 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 57,400 27,200 30,200 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 50,800 24,730 26,070 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 47,790 22,325 25,460 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 45,445 21,130 24,310 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 39,780 19,265 20,515 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 31,580 16,115 15,465 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 117,120 70,050 47,065 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 29,815 15,610 14,205 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 24,700 13,360 11,340 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 62,600 41,085 21,520 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 412,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 130,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,768  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,912  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 282,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 412,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,519  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 130,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,644  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 282,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,146  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 412,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 150,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 45,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 39,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 32,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 412,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 34,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 31,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 110,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 28,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 39,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 265,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 97,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 113,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,479  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 46,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,828  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 265,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 97,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 113,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,906  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 46,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 177,695 84,030 93,665 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,682 35,255 37,807 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,680 31,421 33,663 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 177,200 83,695 93,505 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,323 46,066 46,553 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,284 37,850 38,673 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 970,320 471,105 499,220 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 420,725 200,320 220,400 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 101,860 49,920 51,940 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 82,395 38,210 44,185 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 76,780 36,375 40,400 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 77,475 36,605 40,870 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 82,215 39,210 43,005 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 549,595 270,780 278,820 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 89,750 42,975 46,775 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 98,535 47,735 50,800 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 110,490 54,410 56,080 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 127,625 63,305 64,320 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 123,195 62,360 60,835 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 970,320 471,105 499,215 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 196,135 99,865 96,265 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 64,610 32,885 31,725 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 635,690 308,520 327,175 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 138,495 62,715 75,780 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 136,210 64,340 71,870 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 34,680 17,880 16,800 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,110 6,285 5,825 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 86,255 40,690 45,570 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 15,275 5,770 9,505 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.7 14.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.9 17.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 19.1 18.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.2 13.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.0 9.2 12.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,810 58,070 61,740 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 27,045 13,920 13,125 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,575 4,975 4,605 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 82,040 40,220 41,820 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 10,725 3,925 6,800 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 12.3 12.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.9 13.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.8 15.1 14.5 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 13.0 12.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.3 9.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 970,805 471,195 499,610 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 957,265 465,840 491,430 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 878,805 431,505 447,295 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 527,240 247,165 280,080 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 282,135 132,755 149,375 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,550 570 980 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 905 350 560 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 10 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 565 210 350 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 10 0 10 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 10 15 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 20 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 80 40 45 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 60 15 40 605 255 350
Woods Cree 20 15 10 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 355 125 230 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 25 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 300 115 190 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 80 30 50 205 95 105
Ojibway 205 75 130 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 575 210 365 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 525 195 325 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 55 15 40 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 280,655 132,215 148,440 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 67,235 33,920 33,315 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 1,205 655 550 925 505 415
Kabyle 795 400 395 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 420 260 160 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 9,305 4,175 5,130 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 90 50 35 355 200 160
Oromo 375 170 205 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 8,780 3,910 4,875 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 370 170 205
Semitic languages 58,050 29,785 28,275 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,965 945 1,020 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 53,930 27,805 26,120 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 20 55 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 25 15 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,510 810 705 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 45 15 30 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,130 475 660 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 155 85 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,830 3,750 4,080 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 595 705 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 6,555 3,175 3,380 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 9,610 3,585 6,025 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 30 10 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 475 170 300 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 170 65 105 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 655 275 380 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 200 100 100 215 115 100
Malay 585 260 330 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 20 40 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 55 25 25 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,490 3,090 5,395 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 30 10 25 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 11,515 4,945 6,575 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 645 265 385 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 10,290 4,410 5,870 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 280 350 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 4,045 2,070 1,975 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 340 175 165 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 755 350 405 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,560 1,315 1,250 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 680 375 305 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 133,455 62,655 70,800 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 695 315 375 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 660 340 315 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 22,790 10,515 12,270 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 455 200 260 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 250 95 155 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 205 100 105 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 22,415 10,355 12,070 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 130 55 80 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 955 435 525 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,095 515 585 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,765 830 930 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,130 510 625 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 120 45 75 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,500 2,525 2,980 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 8,220 3,825 4,395 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,450 1,190 1,260 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 845 455 390 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 760 315 450 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,115 865 1,250 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 335 160 175 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 135 60 70 1,480 720 765
Welsh 70 35 40 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 15,070 7,215 7,855 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 320 165 155 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 375 200 180 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,265 1,065 1,200 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 40 10 30 1,655 820 835
German 11,300 5,420 5,880 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 55 25 30 285 130 155
Norwegian 275 125 155 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 530 260 270 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 50 65 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 345 180 160 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,950 1,495 1,450 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 30,895 15,755 15,140 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 21,920 11,215 10,710 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 3,835 1,985 1,855 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,820 990 830 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 8,675 4,565 4,110 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 100 55 45 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 420 220 205 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,280 650 630 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,245 2,740 2,505 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 395 175 220 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 865 400 465 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 6,095 3,030 3,065 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 9,485 4,820 4,665 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 810 450 355 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,275 670 605 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 8,130 4,095 4,035 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 105 80 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 65,715 29,605 36,110 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 90 45 45 515 275 240
Italian 15,035 7,205 7,830 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 8,500 4,155 4,340 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 3,370 1,630 1,745 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 42,570 18,380 24,185 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 35 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,420 1,165 1,250 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 50 25 20 1,555 775 780
Georgian 45 20 20 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,370 1,020 1,350 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 55 25 25 515 225 285
Mongolian 50 25 25 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 15,390 7,110 8,280 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 615 320 295 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 370 165 205 385 195 185
Edo 115 50 65 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 355 185 175 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 415 195 225 700 320 375
Ga 140 75 65 1,340 645 695
Ganda 205 70 140 1,225 550 675
Igbo 320 185 135 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 2,355 1,025 1,325 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,415 1,065 1,350 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,790 765 1,025 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 165 60 100 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 4,080 1,885 2,190 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 685 320 355 730 355 375
Yoruba 825 445 380 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,660 1,780 1,880 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 185 85 105 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 190 80 110 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,560 600 960 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 785 250 530 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 180 60 125 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 665 315 350 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,150 14,220 15,930 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 29,275 13,805 15,470 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 10,780 5,130 5,650 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 205 90 110 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 19,885 9,145 10,740 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 30 15 20 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 860 375 485 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 150 190 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 915 495 425 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 910 430 475 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 300 140 165 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 370 185 180 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 50 30 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 345 145 200 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 895 365 530 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 355 155 200 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 595 230 365 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,145 1,055 1,090 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 140 85 55 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,760 865 885 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 45 25 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 120 40 75 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,095 955 1,140 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 180 75 105 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 330 140 190 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,590 745 845 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 530 315 220 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 970,800 471,195 499,610 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 904,880 439,540 465,340 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 185,650 94,515 91,140 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 719,225 345,020 374,200 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 65,920 31,655 34,270 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 970,800 471,190 499,610 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 740,880 362,000 378,880 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 213,875 100,850 113,020 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 48,560 23,245 25,315 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 28,050 13,530 14,520 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 47,060 21,580 25,475 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 56,195 26,245 29,955 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 25,875 12,050 13,830 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 30,325 14,195 16,130 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 34,000 16,245 17,755 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,050 8,340 7,710 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 213,875 100,850 113,020 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 22,945 11,195 11,750 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 38,405 19,725 18,680 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 44,775 20,305 24,465 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 90,095 41,740 48,350 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 17,655 7,890 9,765 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 213,875 100,850 113,025 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 35,320 15,720 19,600 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,015 480 540 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 2,560 1,065 1,495 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,945 915 1,030 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,260 600 660 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 7,940 3,385 4,550 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,810 1,210 1,605 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,505 620 890 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,075 520 555 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,115 435 680 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,270 3,400 3,870 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 6,820 3,090 3,730 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 51,435 24,490 26,945 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,030 975 1,055 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 880 420 460 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 3,765 1,735 2,035 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,280 1,385 1,900 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 880 465 415 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 700 345 350 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 295 365 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,080 2,650 2,425 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,395 680 710 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 3,515 1,580 1,935 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 3,100 1,495 1,610 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,675 1,300 1,370 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,405 975 1,430 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 905 430 475 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,580 730 855 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,800 5,965 5,840 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 6,790 3,070 3,720 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 38,235 18,280 19,945 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 2,065 1,060 1,005 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,135 1,665 1,470 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,145 1,005 1,140 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,020 520 505 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 2,665 1,310 1,350 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,235 575 660 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 3,810 1,475 2,335 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 730 400 330 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 21,420 10,265 11,150 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 88,190 41,990 46,200 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,250 1,145 1,100 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,435 1,270 1,170 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 14,135 6,005 8,130 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,445 1,210