Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau
Ontario/Quebec
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec  Map : Ottawa - Gatineau [Population centre], Ontario/Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 989,567 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 945,592 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.7 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 439,953 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 412,533 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,900.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 520.82 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 989,585 479,125 510,465 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 163,945 83,475 80,475 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 53,575 27,245 26,330 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 56,635 28,810 27,820 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 53,740 27,415 26,325 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 673,790 328,910 344,880 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 57,940 29,395 28,550 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 74,270 37,115 37,155 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 70,885 35,210 35,680 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 68,095 33,195 34,895 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 65,400 31,325 34,070 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 65,225 31,355 33,865 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 67,100 32,420 34,675 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 75,240 36,710 38,530 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 70,815 34,010 36,805 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 58,825 28,175 30,645 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 151,845 66,735 85,110 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 50,755 24,020 26,735 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 35,760 16,480 19,280 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 25,805 11,445 14,360 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 18,955 7,945 11,015 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 20,565 6,845 13,720 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 12,485 4,605 7,880 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 6,195 1,850 4,350 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,655 365 1,290 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 230 30 200 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.4 15.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.1 68.6 67.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.3 13.9 16.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.0 39.0 41.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.6 38.4 40.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 412,535 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 151,140 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 73,860 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 186,995 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 32,005 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 71,820 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,300 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 69,275 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 595 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 545 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 412,535 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 130,115 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 136,345 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 61,560 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 54,520 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,000 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 970,315 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 825,635 395,645 429,990 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 444,795 222,375 222,420 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 348,295 173,775 174,520 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 96,500 48,600 47,900 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 380,845 173,275 207,570 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 262,790 136,390 126,405 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 21,720 8,740 12,975 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 54,960 19,835 35,120 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 41,375 8,310 33,065 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 265,750 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 133,290 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 57,335 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 52,135 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,985 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 265,750 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 216,715 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 168,485 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 48,230 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,035 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 38,910 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 10,130 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 216,715 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 104,005 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 112,715 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 43,190 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 48,160 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 21,365 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,035 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 29,285 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 14,145 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 5,605 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 199,465 93,025 106,440 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 412,535 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 255,280 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 99,905 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 155,375 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,155 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 152,100 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 130,115 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 21,985 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 977,440 474,150 503,290 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 433,850 220,225 213,620 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 79,305 34,555 44,755 1,810 820 985
English and French 450,720 213,930 236,785 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 13,565 5,445 8,125 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 977,435 474,150 503,290 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 614,885 303,700 311,180 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 322,135 152,060 170,080 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 27,205 13,120 14,085 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 13,215 5,265 7,950 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 628,485 158,620 177,120 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 64.3 33.5 35.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 977,440 474,145 503,290 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 941,140 456,745 484,395 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 744,295 363,705 380,590 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 449,140 223,855 225,290 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 295,150 139,850 155,295 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 196,850 93,045 103,805 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 945 385 565 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 570 250 315 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 430 200 230 840 375 465
Atikamekw 5 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 60 25 35 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 290 135 150 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 40 80 155 55 105
Algonquin 40 20 30 5 5 0
Ojibway 65 20 45 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 325 110 215 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 290 95 195 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 30 10 20 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 195,905 92,660 103,245 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 48,305 24,300 24,005 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 860 475 390 115 75 45
Kabyle 565 300 265 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 6,685 2,900 3,785 1,505 765 740
Bilen 50 25 20 5 0 0
Oromo 210 115 95 205 115 95
Somali 6,325 2,715 3,615 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 20 10 15
Semitic languages 40,685 20,885 19,800 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 1,385 650 735 1,370 670 700
Arabic 37,895 19,540 18,355 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 245 200
Harari 55 25 30 20 5 15
Hebrew 295 160 140 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 25 5 15 215 100 115
Tigrigna 875 425 450 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,100 2,825 3,275 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,000 450 550 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 5,085 2,370 2,720 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 7,245 2,610 4,635 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 30 10 15 375 165 215
Cebuano 340 110 225 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 105 35 70 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 540 210 330 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 105 50 55 20 10 15
Malay 360 145 220 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 30 15 15 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,550 1,965 3,585 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5,135 2,180 2,955 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 380 165 215 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 4,570 1,930 2,640 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 80 100 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 3,010 1,575 1,435 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 165 90 80 280 150 135
Malayalam 555 290 265 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 1,875 960 910 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 395 220 175 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 84,250 40,095 44,155 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 585 280 300 1,465 765 705
Armenian 455 225 230 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 18,455 8,265 10,190 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 375 160 215 1,070 485 585
Latvian 200 90 115 565 255 300
Lithuanian 175 70 100 505 225 280
Slavic languages 18,085 8,105 9,975 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 35 20 20 95 45 50
Bosnian 605 280 325 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 915 430 485 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 990 465 525 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 785 345 435 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 65 25 40 325 160 165
Polish 4,730 2,125 2,605 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 4,990 2,110 2,880 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,060 1,015 1,050 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 800 395 405 1,395 670 725
Slovak 450 190 260 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 75 95 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,445 595 845 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 95 45 50 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 240 130 110
Welsh 45 15 30 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,030 3,170 3,870 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 110 50 55 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 230 105 125 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,665 785 880 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 30 15 15 295 145 145
German 4,375 1,910 2,470 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 15 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 115 50 65 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 230 115 120 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 40 445 220 225
Yiddish 170 90 80 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 65 45 25
Greek 1,955 1,020 935 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 23,440 11,880 11,560 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 15,305 7,775 7,530 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 2,980 1,490 1,495 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,175 610 555 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,315 1,190 1,120 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 5 5 65 35 25
Konkani 95 50 45 255 130 125
Marathi 240 120 120 620 325 295
Nepali 915 435 480 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,140 1,625 1,515 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 225 105 120 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 710 355 360 1,675 845 830
Urdu 3,455 1,765 1,690 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 8,050 4,050 4,000 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 675 360 310 1,765 945 825
Pashto 975 490 485 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 6,400 3,200 3,200 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 32,240 15,210 17,030 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 30 15 15 160 85 75
Italian 8,160 4,035 4,125 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 6,100 2,910 3,185 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,925 1,360 1,570 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 15,000 6,870 8,130 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 105 65 40
Japanese 950 285 660 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 85 50 35
Georgian 35 15 20 85 50 40
Korean 1,845 770 1,070 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 360 150 205
Mongolian 40 20 20 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 8,085 3,715 4,370 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 335 165 170 495 275 220
Bamanankan 145 60 75 10 5 5
Edo 40 25 15 85 50 35
Ewe 165 75 90 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 125 125 45 25 20
Ga 45 25 20 45 20 25
Ganda 130 60 70 90 45 45
Igbo 190 100 90 245 145 105
Lingala 490 205 285 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,435 655 785 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,130 445 685 155 70 80
Shona 100 35 65 215 100 115
Swahili 1,520 700 825 805 400 405
Wolof 265 125 140 50 25 25
Yoruba 235 120 115 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,625 805 820 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 150 180 340 175 165
Dinka 85 40 40 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 105 140 240 115 125
Sign languages 220 95 125 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 20 45 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 30 10 15 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 60 60 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 26,395 12,185 14,215 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 25,590 11,790 13,795 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 8,650 4,025 4,625 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 130 50 80 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 14,845 6,815 8,030 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 35 15 20 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 605 255 345 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 960 470 495 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 235 115 115 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 320 160 165 815 395 425
Tibetan 90 50 40 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 635 215 415 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 305 140 170 1,100 550 550
Thai 330 80 250 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,405 715 690 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 95 60 40 530 290 235
Turkish 1,165 595 570 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 15 5 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 80 35 45 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,730 795 930 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 135 55 75 705 295 410
Finnish 245 90 155 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,350 655 700 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 105 85 500 280 225
Multiple responses 36,295 17,405 18,895 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 14,550 6,970 7,575 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 13,430 6,540 6,890 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 5,660 2,635 3,020 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 2,655 1,255 1,400 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 977,440 474,150 503,290 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 916,425 445,340 471,085 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 817,415 398,620 418,800 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 553,945 273,975 279,970 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 263,475 124,640 138,830 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 99,010 46,720 52,285 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 395 180 215 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 260 125 135 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 245 120 125 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 25 10 20 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 185 95 90 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 130 55 80 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 50 70 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,610 46,540 52,075 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 27,020 13,045 13,970 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 435 220 210 45 25 20
Kabyle 345 175 170 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 3,880 1,600 2,280 770 355 415
Bilen 30 10 15 0 0 0
Oromo 125 65 60 90 50 45
Somali 3,675 1,500 2,170 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 15 5 10
Semitic languages 22,685 11,210 11,475 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 805 380 425 600 275 320
Arabic 21,280 10,540 10,735 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 15 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 110 65 50 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 410 190 220 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,685 1,710 1,975 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 470 215 255 800 375 420
Vietnamese 3,210 1,490 1,715 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 3,145 1,320 1,830 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 115 50 70 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 415 175 240
Ilocano 220 100 115 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 20 10 10 10 5 10
Malay 105 45 60 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,580 1,070 1,520 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 310 150 160
Creole languages 2,130 875 1,255 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 195 85 115 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,870 765 1,105 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,485 740 745 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 50 30 20 110 55 60
Malayalam 245 125 120 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,025 495 530 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 160 90 70 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 38,280 18,160 20,115 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 270 125 145 695 335 360
Armenian 220 100 120 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,495 3,965 4,535 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 80 35 50 210 90 115
Latvian 45 20 25 80 30 50
Lithuanian 40 20 20 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,415 3,930 4,485 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 20 10 10 15 5 5
Bosnian 345 170 175 595 300 300
Bulgarian 485 230 260 1,035 485 550
Croatian 375 170 205 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 180 85 100 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 20 10 10 150 75 75
Polish 1,695 765 925 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 2,875 1,295 1,580 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,355 690 665 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 440 220 215 500 235 265
Slovak 145 70 80 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 455 205 250 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 785 350 435 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 10 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 10 305 145 160
Dutch 125 60 65 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 545 235 310 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 10 5 5 140 60 80
Swedish 50 30 20 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 15 5 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 605 290 320 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 12,835 6,315 6,520 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 8,090 4,045 4,050 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,775 860 910 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 490 255 235 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 1,055 545 515 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 30 15 20 40 25 25
Marathi 100 40 55 270 140 130
Nepali 730 360 370 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 900 875 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 50 20 30 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 170 180 675 330 340
Urdu 1,710 860 845 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 4,725 2,260 2,465 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 400 210 190 1,080 540 535
Pashto 605 295 310 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 3,710 1,745 1,960 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 15,045 7,005 8,045 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 15 5 10 65 35 35
Italian 2,375 1,065 1,310 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,705 1,275 1,425 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,535 735 805 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 8,410 3,920 4,485 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 370 125 240 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 10 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 1,005 455 545 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 15 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 20 10 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,195 1,000 1,205 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 120 55 65 150 80 65
Bamanankan 30 10 15 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 30 15 20 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30 20 5 10
Ga 10 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 30 15 15 10 5 5
Igbo 60 30 25 40 20 15
Lingala 110 40 70 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 235 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 330 130 205 60 25 35
Shona 20 15 10 65 25 40
Swahili 545 250 290 200 90 115
Wolof 100 45 50 20 10 10
Yoruba 55 30 30 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 115 135 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 140 60 75
Dinka 30 15 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 295 150 150 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 90 40 55 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 35 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 80 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,455 8,230 9,225 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 16,880 7,955 8,925 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 5,015 2,300 2,715 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 50 15 30 700 295 410
Mandarin 10,840 5,165 5,675 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 225 90 135 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 90 90 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 565 290 270 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 275 300 1,745 885 865
Burmese 150 70 80 720 375 350
Karenic languages 250 120 130 725 355 370
Tibetan 70 35 35 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 245 100 145 1,380 595 785
Lao 155 70 85 460 225 235
Thai 90 25 60 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 730 345 380 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 195 105 95
Turkish 625 295 325 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 10 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 45 20 25 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 425 195 230 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 30 15 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 375 180 200 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 61,010 28,810 32,200 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 16,010 7,470 8,535 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 32,570 15,695 16,880 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 6,725 2,995 3,735 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 5,705 2,650 3,050 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 977,440 474,150 503,290 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 731,705 358,115 373,590 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 102,760 49,000 53,760 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 65,100 30,440 34,660 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 66,960 31,505 35,455 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 505 195 310 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 66,450 31,305 35,140 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 3,580 1,710 1,870 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 3,370 1,620 1,750 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 3,870 1,710 2,160 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 806,590 387,750 418,840 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,720 371,225 401,495 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,042 44,578 36,381 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 772,970 371,250 401,720 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,354 38,833 32,532 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 697,670 340,055 357,615 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,669 44,956 34,982 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 548,210 243,755 304,455 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,086 2,241 5,486 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 573,735 287,415 286,320 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,975 42,209 35,998 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 806,730 387,795 418,935 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 772,840 371,070 401,770 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,523 57,733 45,788 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 773,095 371,075 402,015 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,997 46,276 38,048 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 698,020 339,930 358,090 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,407 58,478 44,694 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,675 243,305 304,370 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,187 6,348 7,857 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 573,945 286,775 287,170 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,818 55,260 44,383 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 806,730 387,800 418,930 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 286,395 151,445 134,945 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,018 65,432 59,128 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,308 75,639 64,325 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 92.8 86.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.7 73.9 69.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 7.2 13.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 806,585 387,745 418,840 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 33,870 16,525 17,340 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 772,720 371,225 401,490 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 101,995 48,170 53,830 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 119,235 50,155 69,080 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 88,630 37,970 50,660 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 76,155 34,125 42,030 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 71,450 32,200 39,250 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 64,375 29,920 34,455 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 55,935 27,325 28,610 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 44,115 22,505 21,610 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 37,470 19,830 17,640 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 30,725 16,315 14,410 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 82,635 52,715 29,915 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 59,790 36,710 23,080 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 22,840 16,005 6,835 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 806,585 387,745 418,840 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 33,615 16,500 17,120 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 772,970 371,250 401,720 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 106,505 49,030 57,470 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 124,225 52,825 71,405 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 104,015 45,470 58,545 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 96,015 43,360 52,655 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 88,600 40,820 47,780 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 73,475 35,765 37,710 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 55,960 29,130 26,830 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 43,515 23,420 20,095 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 80,655 51,425 29,235 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 29,325 17,120 12,205 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 16,495 10,420 6,075 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 34,830 23,885 10,950 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 806,585 387,750 418,835 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 232,850 100,335 132,520 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 573,735 287,415 286,320 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.1 74.1 68.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 68,565 33,565 35,000 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 43,065 19,635 23,435 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 72,195 33,385 38,805 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 57,400 27,200 30,200 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 50,800 24,730 26,070 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 47,790 22,325 25,460 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 45,445 21,130 24,310 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 39,780 19,265 20,515 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 31,580 16,115 15,465 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 117,120 70,050 47,065 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 29,815 15,610 14,205 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 24,700 13,360 11,340 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 62,600 41,085 21,520 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 412,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,185 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,965 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 130,115 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,768 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,912 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 282,415 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,714 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 412,555 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,519 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,700 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 130,040 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,644 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,969 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 282,515 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,713 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,146 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 412,535 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,130 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,180 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,755 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,915 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,775 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,755 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,330 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,955 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,280 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,345 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,370 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,680 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,240 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,925 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 150,705 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 45,735 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,485 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 39,905 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 32,580 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 412,535 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,470 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,280 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,900 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,575 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,540 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,010 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,635 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,820 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,345 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,495 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,500 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 34,185 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 31,215 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,340 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,235 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 110,975 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,270 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 28,350 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 39,355 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 265,825 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,628 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,365 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 97,695 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,416 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,219 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 113,195 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,788 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,479 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 46,610 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,105 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,828 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 265,975 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,849 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,566 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 97,740 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,645 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,440 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 113,445 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,906 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,727 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 46,420 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,797 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,084 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 177,695 84,030 93,665 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,682 35,255 37,807 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,680 31,421 33,663 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 177,200 83,695 93,505 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,323 46,066 46,553 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,284 37,850 38,673 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 970,320 471,105 499,220 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 420,725 200,320 220,400 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 101,860 49,920 51,940 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 82,395 38,210 44,185 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 76,780 36,375 40,400 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 77,475 36,605 40,870 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 82,215 39,210 43,005 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 549,595 270,780 278,820 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 89,750 42,975 46,775 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 98,535 47,735 50,800 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 110,490 54,410 56,080 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 127,625 63,305 64,320 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 123,195 62,360 60,835 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 970,320 471,105 499,215 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 196,135 99,865 96,265 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 64,610 32,885 31,725 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 635,690 308,520 327,175 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 138,495 62,715 75,780 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 136,210 64,340 71,870 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 34,680 17,880 16,800 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 12,110 6,285 5,825 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 86,255 40,690 45,570 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 15,275 5,770 9,505 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.7 14.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 19.1 18.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.2 13.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.0 9.2 12.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,810 58,070 61,740 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 27,045 13,920 13,125 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 9,575 4,975 4,605 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 82,040 40,220 41,820 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 10,725 3,925 6,800 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 12.3 12.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.9 13.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.8 15.1 14.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 13.0 12.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.3 9.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 970,805 471,195 499,610 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 957,265 465,840 491,430 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 878,805 431,505 447,295 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 527,240 247,165 280,080 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 282,135 132,755 149,375 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,550 570 980 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 905 350 560 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 565 210 350 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 10 0 10 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 10 15 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 80 40 45 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 60 15 40 55 25 30
Woods Cree 20 15 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 355 125 230 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 25 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 300 115 190 310 100 205
Algonquin 80 30 50 20 0 15
Ojibway 205 75 130 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 575 210 365 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 20 10 10
Inuktitut 525 195 325 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 40 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 280,655 132,215 148,440 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 67,235 33,920 33,315 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 1,205 655 550 145 95 45
Kabyle 795 400 395 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 420 260 160 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 9,305 4,175 5,130 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 90 50 35 20 10 15
Oromo 375 170 205 245 140 110
Somali 8,780 3,910 4,875 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 10 0 10
Semitic languages 58,050 29,785 28,275 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,965 945 1,020 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 53,930 27,805 26,120 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 20 55 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 25 15 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,510 810 705 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 45 15 30 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,130 475 660 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 155 85 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,830 3,750 4,080 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 595 705 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 6,555 3,175 3,380 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 9,610 3,585 6,025 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 30 10 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 475 170 300 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 170 65 105 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 655 275 380 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 200 100 100 25 15 10
Malay 585 260 330 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 20 40 855 365 495
Pangasinan 55 25 25 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,490 3,090 5,395 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 30 10 25 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 11,515 4,945 6,575 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 645 265 385 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10,290 4,410 5,870 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 280 350 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 4,045 2,070 1,975 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 340 175 165 510 250 265
Malayalam 755 350 405 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 2,560 1,315 1,250 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 680 375 305 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 133,455 62,655 70,800 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 695 315 375 1,640 840 795
Armenian 660 340 315 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 22,790 10,515 12,270 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 455 200 260 1,030 515 520
Latvian 250 95 155 555 290 265
Lithuanian 205 100 105 475 220 250
Slavic languages 22,415 10,355 12,070 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 130 55 80 245 115 125
Bosnian 955 435 525 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,095 515 585 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,765 830 930 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,130 510 625 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 120 45 75 400 220 185
Polish 5,500 2,525 2,980 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 8,220 3,825 4,395 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,450 1,190 1,260 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 845 455 390 1,525 770 750
Slovak 760 315 450 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 110 115 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 2,115 865 1,250 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 420 215 205
Celtic languages 335 160 175 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 135 60 70 660 395 265
Welsh 70 35 40 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 860 450 410
Germanic languages 15,070 7,215 7,855 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 320 165 155 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 375 200 180 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,265 1,065 1,200 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 40 10 30 465 230 240
German 11,300 5,420 5,880 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 55 25 30 405 210 195
Norwegian 275 125 155 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 530 260 270 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 50 65 545 270 275
Yiddish 345 180 160 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 155 95 60
Greek 2,950 1,495 1,450 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 30,895 15,755 15,140 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 21,920 11,215 10,710 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 3,835 1,985 1,855 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,820 990 830 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 8,675 4,565 4,110 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 100 55 45 415 215 200
Marathi 420 220 205 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,280 650 630 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,245 2,740 2,505 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 395 175 220 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 865 400 465 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 6,095 3,030 3,065 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 9,485 4,820 4,665 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 810 450 355 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,275 670 605 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 8,130 4,095 4,035 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 105 80 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 65,715 29,605 36,110 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 90 45 45 395 210 180
Italian 15,035 7,205 7,830 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 8,500 4,155 4,340 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 3,370 1,630 1,745 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 42,570 18,380 24,185 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 35 380 245 140
Japanese 2,420 1,165 1,250 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 50 25 20 115 55 60
Georgian 45 20 20 115 55 55
Korean 2,370 1,020 1,350 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 55 25 25 370 170 200
Mongolian 50 25 25 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 15,390 7,110 8,280 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 615 320 295 630 350 280
Bamanankan 370 165 205 30 20 15
Edo 115 50 65 145 80 60
Ewe 355 185 175 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 415 195 225 105 30 70
Ga 140 75 65 150 95 50
Ganda 205 70 140 165 80 85
Igbo 320 185 135 425 240 185
Lingala 2,355 1,025 1,325 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,415 1,065 1,350 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,790 765 1,025 290 125 165
Shona 165 60 100 415 220 195
Swahili 4,080 1,885 2,190 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 685 320 355 50 25 30
Yoruba 825 445 380 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,660 1,780 1,880 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 165 215 405 210 200
Dinka 185 85 105 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 190 80 110 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,560 600 960 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 785 250 530 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 180 60 125 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 665 315 350 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,150 14,220 15,930 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 29,275 13,805 15,470 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 10,780 5,130 5,650 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 205 90 110 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 19,885 9,145 10,740 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 30 15 20 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 860 375 485 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 150 190 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 915 495 425 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 910 430 475 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 300 140 165 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 370 185 180 955 485 465
Tibetan 50 30 20 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 345 145 200 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 895 365 530 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 355 155 200 1,630 735 890
Thai 595 230 365 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,145 1,055 1,090 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 140 85 55 945 510 435
Turkish 1,760 865 885 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 45 25 15 115 60 55
Uzbek 120 40 75 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,095 955 1,140 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 180 75 105 780 350 425
Finnish 330 140 190 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,590 745 845 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 530 315 220 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 970,800 471,195 499,610 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 904,880 439,540 465,340 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 185,650 94,515 91,140 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 719,225 345,020 374,200 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 65,920 31,655 34,270 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 970,800 471,190 499,610 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 740,880 362,000 378,880 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 213,875 100,850 113,020 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 48,560 23,245 25,315 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 28,050 13,530 14,520 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 47,060 21,580 25,475 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 56,195 26,245 29,955 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 25,875 12,050 13,830 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 30,325 14,195 16,130 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 34,000 16,245 17,755 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,050 8,340 7,710 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 213,875 100,850 113,020 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 22,945 11,195 11,750 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 38,405 19,725 18,680 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 44,775 20,305 24,465 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 90,095 41,740 48,350 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 17,655 7,890 9,765 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 213,875 100,850 113,025 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 35,320 15,720 19,600 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 1,015 480 540 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 2,560 1,065 1,495 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,945 915 1,030 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,260 600 660 1,305 600 710
Haiti 7,940 3,385 4,550 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,810 1,210 1,605 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,505 620 890 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 1,075 520 555 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,115 435 680 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,270 3,400 3,870 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 6,820 3,090 3,730 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 51,435 24,490 26,945 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,030 975 1,055 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 880 420 460 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 3,765 1,735 2,035 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,280 1,385 1,900 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 880 465 415 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 700 345 350 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 660 295 365 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 5,080 2,650 2,425 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,395 680 710 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 3,515 1,580 1,935 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 3,100 1,495 1,610 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,675 1,300 1,370 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 2,405 975 1,430 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 905 430 475 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,580 730 855 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,800 5,965 5,840 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 6,790 3,070 3,720 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 38,235 18,280 19,945 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 2,065 1,060 1,005 485 310 175
Egypt 3,135 1,665 1,470 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 2,145 1,005 1,140 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,020 520 505 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 2,665 1,310 1,350 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,235 575 660 1,740 925 815
Somalia 3,810 1,475 2,335 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 730 400 330 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 21,420 10,265 11,150 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 88,190 41,990 46,200 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 2,250 1,145 1,100 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 2,435 1,270 1,170 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 14,135 6,005 8,130 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,445 1,210 1,235 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 8,435 4,270 4,165 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,120 2,075 2,045 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 3,605 1,925 1,685 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 645 145 500 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,510 670 845 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 12,615 6,590 6,025 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,280 1,605 1,675 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 8,265 3,105 5,160 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,845 885 960 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,350 1,695 1,655 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 680 270 405 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 4,855 2,235 2,620 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 13,710 6,880 6,830 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 375 325 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 34,005 16,245 17,755 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 5,040 2,350 2,690 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 180 110 70 1,145 525 615
Colombia 495 230 270 580 250 325
Cuba 195 90 105 140 60 80
Haiti 1,675 745 935 35 35 10
Jamaica 135 75 55 625 355 265
Mexico 290 115 175 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,125 585 540 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 155 55 100 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 790 350 440 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 3,040 1,450 1,585 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 600 300 300 970 510 460
Germany 165 70 95 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 55 30 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 20 30 245 120 125
Romania 230 105